In compliance with the requirement of section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-5960 or send comments to Maryam I. Daneshvar, CDC Acting Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS D-74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an e-mail to email@example.com.
Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.
Human Smoking Behavior Study (OMB No. 0920-0736, exp. 3/31/2010)—Reinstatement with Change—National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Cigarettes are currently ranked as full-flavor, light or ultralight on the basis of machine-measured levels of smoke toxins (yield categories). The machine-based methods approximate human smoking patterns under controlled conditions but may not accurately reflect conditions of actual use, moreover, public health data have not consistently shown differences in health outcomes among smokers of cigarettes of different machine-smoked yield categories. Comparison of cigarette smoke emissions using machine-smoking methods will continue until something superior is developed, therefore, machine-smoking must be adequately informed to yield results that better reflect human smoking behavior.
In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) received OMB approval for a study designed to elucidate patterns of human smoking behavior, quantify biomarkers of exposure to smoke toxins under conditions of actual use, and determine how smoking behavior modifies the relationship between cigarette yield category, biomarkers of exposure, and measures of cardiovascular reactivity. The study has been a collaborative endeavor involving the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) and the National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH). Information has been collected from adult smokers of full-flavor, light and ultralight cigarettes, however, the target number of respondents was not achieved during the initial approval period.
CDC requests OMB approval to reinstate the information collection after the expiration date (OMB No. 0920-0736, exp. 3/31/2010) in order to meet recruitment goals and complete the data analysis as outlined in the original approval. Respondents will be asked to participate in a laboratory-based descriptive study of smoking behavior and analysis of biomarkers of exposure. Respondents will make two visits to a laboratory for measurements and complete a brief smoking diary during the one-day interval between the two laboratory visits. Indicators of smoking behavior such as ventilation pore-blocking behavior, puff volume, puff duration, puff velocity and inter-puff interval will be assessed. Measures of exposure to be assessed include expired-air carbon monoxide boost, carcinogens, nicotine and its metabolites in urine, cotinine in saliva and solanesol in cigarette butts as an indicator of total smoke exposure.
The goals of this project are to characterize the range of human smoking behavior for a variety of cigarette categories and machine-smoked yields, and to estimate the levels of biomarkers of exposure with the various cigarette styles.
CDC Requests OMB approval for two years. During this period there will be a reduction in total burden due to the limited number of respondents needed to complete the study. No changes to the data collection instruments or the estimated burden per response are proposed. Participation in the study is voluntary. There are no costs to respondents other than their time.
|Type of respondent||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden per response (in hours)||Total burden (in hours)|
|Adult Smokers||CATI Screener||150||1||5/60||13|
|Visit 1 Screener||70||1||5/60||6|
Dated: February 25, 2010.
Maryam I. Daneshvar,
Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2010-4514 Filed 3-3-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P