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Proposed Rule

Nuclear Energy Institute; Denial of Petition for Rulemaking

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Nuclear Regulatory Commission.


Petition for rulemaking; denial.


The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is denying a petition for rulemaking (PRM) submitted by the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) (the petitioner). The petitioner requested that the NRC amend the compliance date for specific requirements in the NRC's regulations. The NRC decided to deny PRM-73-14 for the reasons stated in this document.


You can access publicly available documents related to this petition for rulemaking using the following methods:

NRC's Public Document Room (PDR): The public may examine and have copied for a fee publicly available documents at the NRC's PDR, Room O1 F21, One White Flint North, 11555 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland.

NRC's Agencywide Documents Access and Management System (ADAMS): Publicly available documents created or received at the NRC are available electronically at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at​reading-rm/​adams.html. From this page, the public can gain entry into ADAMS, which provides text and image files of NRC's public documents. If you do not have access to ADAMS or if there are problems in accessing the documents located in ADAMS, contact the NRC PDR reference staff at 1-800-397-4209, 301-415-4737, or by e-mail to

Federal Rulemaking Web site: Supporting materials related to this petition for rulemaking can be found at by searching on Docket ID: NRC-2009-0493. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Start Printed Page 10445Gallagher 301-492-3668; e-mail

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Timothy Reed, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555. Telephone: 301-415-1462 or e-mail:

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The Petition

In a letter to Chairman Gregory B. Jaczko dated September 25, 2009, NEI, the petitioner, requested that the NRC undertake an expedited rulemaking to revise the compliance date for specific requirements within Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR) 73.55, “Requirements for Physical Protection of Licensed Activities in Nuclear Power Reactors Against Radiological Sabotage.” The NRC reviewed the request for rulemaking and determined that the request met the minimum sufficiency requirements of 10 CFR 2.802, “Petition for Rulemaking” and, therefore, was considered as a petition for rulemaking. Accordingly, the NRC docketed the request as PRM-73-14 and notified the petitioner of this decision by letter dated October 1, 2009. Due to the exigent circumstances associated with the request, the NRC did not prepare a notice of receipt and request for comment, and instead gave immediate consideration to the request, convening a petition review board (PRB) on November 9, 2009.

The petitioner requested the NRC amend its regulations to change the compliance date for specific requirements of 10 CFR part 73 to December 31, 2010, based on the results of an industry survey conducted by NEI. The petitioner states that 24 sites will seek schedular exemption requests from the March 31, 2010 compliance date, and 9 more sites are evaluating the need for exemptions. The petitioner states that two provisions of the new Power Reactor Security rule, namely 10 CFR 73.55(e) “Physical barriers” and 10 CFR 73.55(i) “Detection and assessment systems” will be the subject of nearly all the exemption requests.

In support of this request the petitioner notes that the subject provisions of 10 CFR 73.55 are problematic because these provisions may require physical modifications to the plant and involve engineering analysis, design, equipment procurement, installation, testing, and related training. The petitioner indicates that absent a rule change to modify the implementation date, both NRC and industry would be required to divert vast resources to review and approve exemption requests for potentially more than half of the power reactor sites. The petitioner states that these same resources are needed to finalize the remaining regulatory guidance for implementation of the new Power Reactor Security rulemaking.

The petitioner states that the nuclear energy industry has fully implemented numerous new security provisions and enhancements since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, including NRC orders, an enhanced design basis threat, and numerous threat advisories. Additionally, the petitioner notes that NRC has conducted baseline inspections of industry actions to address large fires and explosions, and has evaluated force-on-force exercises for the past 7 years. The petitioner states that industry has been proactive in many initiatives that strengthen nuclear power reactor security. These initiatives were undertaken with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and local law enforcement authorities. Finally, the petitioner notes that all these activities have resulted in nuclear power plants being recognized as the most protected and secure of domestic private industrial facilities.

NRC Evaluation

The NRC reviewed the petition and reached the following conclusions:

  • Revising the compliance date established by the final Power Reactor Security rulemaking would require the NRC to undertake a notice and comment rulemaking.
  • The data contained in PRM-73-14 does not provide enough information to currently support the NRC assembling a proposed rule that would contain a sufficiently robust regulatory basis.
  • The NRC would need to interact with external stakeholders to develop the additional supporting information necessary for completing an adequate notice and comment rulemaking.
  • There is not sufficient time, before the new Power Reactor Security rule compliance date of March 31, 2010, to allow the NRC to collect and analyze the necessary data and complete an adequate notice and comment rulemaking. This is due, in part, to statutory rulemaking process requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act (i.e., development, approval, and issuance of a proposed rule; adequate public comment period; processing and analysis of stakeholder comments; development, approval, and issuance of a final rule; approval of the final rule by OMB if there are paperwork provisions).
  • If the NRC were to pursue a more narrow revision to the compliance provisions of 10 CFR 73.55, this rule would require the NRC to tailor rule provisions to specific facilities and situations. Developing this more complex and specific compliance language with the supporting regulatory basis would, at a minimum, require additional interactions with external stakeholders.
  • Revising the 10 CFR 73.55 compliance date is an overly broad solution to the petitioner's problem. A revision to the compliance date would relieve all power reactor licensees from implementing all the new requirements by March 31, 2010. However, it is clear that according to the data provided by the petitioner, that fewer than half of the licensees intend to request relief, and the requirements in the new rule that seem particularly problematic represent a very small percentage of the total number of requirements in the rule. Under such circumstances, the exemption process appears to be the best regulatory tool to address the situation. The staff is currently addressing this potential license compliance issue through review of scheduler exemptions.

Public Comments on the Petition

Due to the exigent circumstances associated with the request, the NRC did not prepare a notice of receipt and request for comment, and instead gave immediate consideration to the request. Accordingly, there are no public comments on this petition.

Determination of Petition

For reasons cited above, the NRC is denying PRM-73-14.

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Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 2nd of March 2010.

For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Annette L. Vietti-Cook,

Secretary of the Commission.

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[FR Doc. 2010-4827 Filed 3-5-10; 8:45 am]