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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on the information collection provisions of FDA's regulations requiring that the agency receive prior notice before food is imported or offered for import into the United States.

DATES:

Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information by May 17, 2010.

ADDRESSES:

Submit electronic comments on the collection of Start Printed Page 12550information to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Denver Presley, Jr., Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration, 1350 Piccard Dr., PI50-400B, Rockville, MD 20850, 301-796-3793.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002—21 CFR 1.278 to 1.285 (OMB Control Number 0910-0520)—Extension

The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Act) added section 801(m) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 381(m)), which requires that FDA receive prior notice for food, including food for animals, that is imported or offered for import into the United States. Sections 1.278, 1.279, 1.280, 1.281, and 1.282 of FDA's regulations (21 CFR 1.278, 1.279, 1.280, 1.281, 1.282) set forth the requirements for submitting prior notice; §§ 1.283(d) and 1.285(j) (21 CFR 1.283(d) and 1.285(j)) set forth the procedure for requesting FDA review after an article of food has been refused admission under section 801(m)(1) of the act or placed on hold under section 801(l) of the act; and § 1.285(i) (21 CFR 1.285(i)) sets forth the procedure for post-hold submissions. Advance notice of imported food allows FDA, with the support of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), to target import inspections more effectively and help protect the nation's food supply against terrorist acts and other public health emergencies. Any person with knowledge of the required information may submit prior notice for an article of food. Thus, the respondents to this information collection may include importers, owners, ultimate consignees, shippers, and carriers.

FDA's regulations require that prior notice of imported food be submitted electronically using CBP's Automated Broker Interface of the Automated Commercial System (ABI/ACS) (§ 1.280(a)(1)) or the FDA Prior Notice (PN) System Interface (Form FDA 3540). The term “Form FDA 3540” refers to the electronic system known as the FDA PN System Interface, which is available at http://www.access.fda.gov. Prior notice must be submitted electronically using either ABI/ACS or the FDA PN System Interface. Information collected by FDA in the prior notice submission includes: The submitter and transmitter (if different from the submitter); entry type and CBP identifier; the article of food, including complete FDA product code; the manufacturer, for an article of food no longer in its natural state; the grower, if known, for an article of food that is in its natural state; the FDA Country of Production; the shipper, except for food imported by international mail; the country from which the article of food is shipped or, if the food is imported by international mail, the anticipated date of mailing and country from which the food is mailed; the anticipated arrival information or, if the food is imported by international mail, the U.S. recipient; the importer, owner, and ultimate consignee, except for food imported by international mail or transshipped through the United States; the carrier and mode of transportation, except for food imported by international mail; and planned shipment information, except for food imported by international mail (§ 1.281).

Much of the information collected for prior notice is identical to the information collected for FDA's importer's entry notice, which has been approved under OMB control number 0910-0046. The information in FDA's importer's entry notice is collected electronically via CBP's ABI/ACS at the same time the respondent files an entry for import with CBP. To avoid double-counting the burden hours are already accounted for in the importer's entry notice information collection, and the burden hour analysis in table 1 of this document reflects the reduced burden for prior notice submitted through ABI/ACS in the column labeled “Hours per Response.”

In addition to submitting a prior notice, a submitter should cancel a prior notice and must resubmit the information if information changes after FDA has confirmed a prior notice submission for review (e.g., if the identity of the manufacturer changes) (§ 1.282). However, changes in the estimated quantity, anticipated arrival information, or planned shipment information do not require resubmission of prior notice after FDA has confirmed a prior notice submission for review (§ 1.282(a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii), and (a)(1)(iii)). In the event that an article of food has been refused admission under section 801(m)(1) of the act or placed on hold under section 801(l), §§ 1.283(d) and 1.285(j) set forth the procedure for requesting FDA review and the information required to be included in a request for review. In the event that an article of food has been placed under hold under section 801(l) of the act, § 1.285(i) sets forth the procedure for and the information to be included in a post-hold submission.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:Start Printed Page 12551

Table 1—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

21 CFR SectionFDA Form No.No. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
Prior Notice Submissions
Prior Notice submitted through ABI/ACS
1.280, 1.281None6,5001,2908,385,0000.151,257,7502
Prior Notice submitted through PN System Interface
1.280, 1.281FDA 3540321,500731,569,5000.37580,7152
New Prior Notice Submissions Subtotal1,838,465
Prior Notice Cancellations
Prior Notice cancelled through ABI/ACS
1.282FDA 35406,500319,5000.254,875
Prior Notice cancelled through PN System Interface
1.282, 1.283(a)(5)FDA 354021,500364,5000.2516,125
Prior Notice Cancellations Subtotal21,000
Prior Notice Requests for Review and Post-hold Submissions
1.283(d), 1.285(j)None11188
1.285(i)None11111
Prior Notice Requests for Review and Post-hold Submissions Subtotal9
Total Hours Annually1,859,474
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.
2 To avoid double-counting, an estimated 396,416 burden hours already accounted for in the Importer's Entry Notice information collection approved under OMB Control No. 0910-0046 are not included in this total.
3 The term “Form FDA 3540” refers to the electronic system known as the FDA PN System Interface, which is available at http://www.access.fda.gov.

This estimate is based on FDA's experience and the average number of prior notice submissions, cancellations, and requests for review received in the past 3 years.

In the Federal Register of November 7, 2008 (73 FR 66294), FDA and CBP issued the prior notice final rule, which finalized the prior notice interim final rule (IFR) (October 10, 2003, 68 FR 58974)). From the IFR to the final rule, FDA removed a few of the required prior notice data elements. Specifically, submitters no longer need to include the fax number of the submitter and transmitter, the anticipated border crossing, the country of the carrier, or the 6-digit HTS code in their prior notices. Other changes include the addition of the registration number of the transshipper for articles of food for transshipment, storage and export, or manipulation and export; flexibility in submitting the registration number and the city and country of the manufacturer and shipper instead of full addresses of these entities; and the option of submitting the tracking number for articles of food arriving by express consignment instead of anticipated arrival information when the prior notice is submitted through the PN System Interface (73 FR 66294 at 66402). Accordingly, FDA has reduced its estimate of the hours per response for prior notices received through ABI/ACS from 10 minutes, or 0.167 hours, per notice, to 9 minutes, or 0.15 hours, per notice. FDA has also reduced its estimate of the hours per response for prior notices received through the PN System Interface from 23 minutes, or 0.384 hours, per notice, to 22 minutes, or 0.366 hours (rounded to 0.37 hours), per notice.

FDA received 8,144,419 prior notices through ABI/ACS during 2007; 8,266,200 during 2008; and 5,221,549 as of August 26, 2009. Based on this experience, FDA estimates that approximately 6,500 users of ABI/ACS will submit an average of 1,290 prior notices annually, for a total of 8,385,000 prior notices received annually through ABI/ACS. FDA estimates the reporting burden for a prior notice submitted through ABI/ACS to be 9 minutes, or 0.15 hours, per notice, for a total burden of 1,257,750 hours. This estimate takes into consideration the burden hours already counted in the information collection approval for FDA's importer's entry notice, as previously discussed in this document.

FDA received 1,744,287 prior notices through the PN System Interface during 2007; 1,662,033 during 2008; and 989,708 as of August 26, 2009. Based on this experience, FDA estimates that approximately 21,500 registered users of the PN System Interface will submit an average of 73 prior notices annually, for a total of 1,569,500 prior notices received annually through the PN System Interface. FDA estimates the reporting burden for a prior notice submitted through the PN System Interface to be 22 minutes, or 0.366 Start Printed Page 12552hours (rounded to 0.37 hours), per notice 22 minutes, or 0.366 hours (rounded to 0.37 hours), per notice, for a total burden of 580,715 hours.

FDA received 16,215 cancellations of prior notices through ABI/ACS during 2007; 16,673 during 2008; and 16,045 as of August 26, 2009. Based on this experience, FDA estimates that approximately 6,500 users of ABI/ACS will submit an average of 2.64 (rounded to 3) cancellations annually, for a total of 19,500 cancellations received annually through ABI/ACS. FDA estimates the reporting burden for a cancellation submitted through ABI/ACS to be 15 minutes, or 0.25 hours, per cancellation, for a total burden of 4,875 hours.

FDA received 58,345 cancellations of prior notices through the PN System Interface during 2007; 63,779 during 2008; and 55,019 as of August 26, 2009. Based on this experience, FDA estimates that approximately 21,500 registered users of the PN System Interface will submit an average of 3.24 (rounded to 3) cancellations annually, for a total of 64,500 cancellations received annually through the PN System Interface. FDA estimates the reporting burden for a cancellation submitted through the PN System Interface to be 15 minutes, or 0.25 hours, per cancellation, for a total burden of 16,125 hours.

FDA has not received any requests for review under §§ 1.283(d) or 1.285(j) in the last 3 years (2007 through August 26, 2009); therefore, the agency estimates that one or fewer requests for review will be submitted annually. FDA estimates that it will take a requestor about 8 hours to prepare the factual and legal information necessary to prepare a request for review. Thus, FDA has estimated a total reporting burden of 8 hours.

FDA has not received any post-hold submissions under § 1.285(i) in the last 3 years (2007 through August 26, 2009); therefore, the agency estimates that one or fewer post-hold submissions will be submitted annually. FDA estimates that it will take about 1 hour to prepare the written notification described in § 1.285(i)(2)(i). Thus, FDA has estimated a total reporting burden of 1 hour.

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Dated: March 11, 2010.

Leslie Kux,

Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2010-5655 Filed 3-15-10; 8:45 am]

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