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Guidance for Industry: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): Testing, Product Disposition, and Donor Deferral and Reentry; Availability

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a document entitled “Guidance for Industry: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): Testing, Product Disposition, and Donor Deferral and Reentry” dated May 2010. The guidance document provides recommendations to blood and plasma establishments, manufacturers, and testing laboratories that are implementing a licensed method for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Nucleic Acid Test (NAT) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) NAT, on testing individual samples or pooled samples from donors of human blood and blood components for HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) and HCV RNA. This guidance also contains recommendations regarding product disposition and donor management based on the results of NAT and serologic testing for markers of HIV-1 and HCV infection on samples, collected at the time of donation, from donors of human blood and blood components. The guidance announced in this notice finalizes the draft guidance of the same title, dated July 2005. This guidance also supersedes the recommendations for reentry of donors deferred because of anti-HIV-1 test results, HIV-1 p24 antigen test results, and anti-HCV test results that were provided in the FDA memoranda entitled “Revised Recommendations for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Transmission by Blood and Blood Products,” April 23, 1992; “Revised Recommendations for Testing Whole Blood, Blood Components, Source Plasma and Source Leukocytes for Antibody to Hepatitis C Virus Encoded Antigen (Anti-HCV),” August 5, 1993; “Recommendations for Donor Screening with a Licensed Test for HIV-1 Antigen,” August 8, 1995.

DATES:

Submit electronic or written comments on agency guidances at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submit written requests for single copies of the guidance to the Office of Communication, Outreach and Development (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, suite 200N, Rockville, MD 20852-1448. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist the office in processing your requests. The guidance may also be obtained by mail by calling CBER at 1-800-835-4709 or 301-827-1800. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.

Submit electronic or written comments on the guidance. Submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Paul Levine, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, suite 200N, Rockville, MD 20852-1448, 301-827-6210.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

FDA is announcing the availability of a document entitled “Guidance for Industry: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): Testing, Product Disposition, and Donor Deferral and Reentry,” dated May 2010. The guidance document provides recommendations to blood and plasma establishments, manufacturers, and testing laboratories that are implementing a licensed method for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Nucleic Acid Test (NAT) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) NAT, on testing individual samples or pooled samples from donors of human blood and blood components for HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) and HCV RNA. This guidance also contains recommendations regarding product disposition and donor management based on the results of NAT and serologic testing for markers of HIV-1 and HCV infection on samples, collected at the time of donation, from donors of human blood and blood components. The guidance announced in this notice finalizes the draft guidance of the same title, dated July 19, 2005. This guidance also supersedes the recommendations for reentry of donors deferred because of anti-HIV-1 test results, HIV-1 p24 antigen test results, and anti-HCV test results that were provided in the FDA memoranda entitled, “Revised Recommendations for the Prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Transmission by Blood and Blood Products,” April 23, 1992; “Revised Recommendations for Testing Whole Blood, Blood Components, Source Plasma and Source Leukocytes for Antibody to Hepatitis C Virus Encoded Antigen (Anti-HCV),” August 5, 1993; “Recommendations for Donor Screening with a Licensed Test for HIV-1 Antigen,” August 8, 1995.

In the Federal Register of July 27, 2005 (70 FR 43439), FDA announced the availability of the draft guidance of the same title. FDA received several comments on the draft guidance and those comments were considered as the guidance was finalized. The guidance announced in this notice finalizes the draft guidance dated July 2005.

The guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents FDA's current thinking on this topic. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.

II. Comments

Interested persons may, at any time, submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) written or electronic comments regarding the guidance. Submit a single copy of electronic comments or two paper copies of any mailed comments, except Start Printed Page 22815that individuals may submit one paper copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. A copy of the guidance and received comments are available for public examination in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

III. Electronic Access

Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the guidance at either: http://www.fda.gov/​BiologicsBloodVaccines/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​default.htm or http://www.regulations.gov.

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Dated: April 16, 2010.

Leslie Kux,

Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2010-10048 Filed 4-29-10; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S