Skip to Content


Federal Employees' Retirement System; Normal Cost Percentages

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Office of Personnel Management.




The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is providing notice of revised normal cost percentages for employees covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS) Act of 1986.


The revised normal cost percentages are effective at the beginning of the first pay period commencing on or after October 1, 2010. Agency appeals of the normal cost percentages must be filed no later than December 21, 2010.


Send or deliver agency appeals of the normal cost percentages and requests for actuarial assumptions and data to the Board of Actuaries, care of Gregory Kissel, Actuary, Office of Planning and Policy Analysis, Office of Personnel Management, Room 4307, 1900 E Street, NW., Washington, DC 20415.

Start Further Info


Christopher Ziebarth, (202) 606-0299.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The FERS Act of 1986, Public Law 99-335, created a new retirement system intended to cover most Federal employees hired after 1983. Most Federal employees hired before 1984 are under the older Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS). Section 8423 of title 5, United States Code, as added by the FERS Act of 1986, provides for the payment of the Government's share of the cost of the retirement system under FERS. Employees' contributions are established by law and constitute only a small fraction of the cost of funding the retirement system; employing agencies are required to pay the remaining costs. The amount of funding required, known as “normal cost,” is the entry age normal cost of the provisions of FERS that relate to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund (Fund). The normal cost must be computed by OPM in accordance with generally accepted actuarial practices and standards (using dynamic assumptions). Subpart D of part 841 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, regulates how normal costs are determined.

Recently, the Board of Actuaries of the Civil Service Retirement System concluded that there should be no change to the set of economic assumptions used in the dynamic actuarial valuations of FERS. The Board reviewed statistical data prepared by the OPM actuaries and considered trends that may affect future experience under the System.

Based on its analysis, the Board concluded that it would be appropriate to assume a rate of investment return of 6.25 percent, with no difference from the existing rate of 6.25 percent. In addition, the Board anticipated a continued inflation rate of 3.50 percent, and a continued projected rate of General Schedule salary increases at 4.25 percent. These salary increases are in addition to assumed within-grade increases that reflect past experience. The economic assumptions anticipate that, over the long term, the annual rate of investment return will exceed inflation by 2.75 percent and General Schedule salary increases will exceed long-term inflation by .75 percent a year, with no difference from the current assumptions.

The Board adopted changes in the mortality assumptions as well as changes in all the demographic assumptions listed as factors under § 841.404(a) of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations. In addition to the changes in mortality assumptions, the Board found that recent statutory changes, most significantly sections 1901 and 1904 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, Pubic Law 111-84, 123 Stat. 2109, and a recent decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, Adkins v. Office of Personnel Management, 525 F.3d 1363 (Fed. Cir. 2008), require increases in the normal costs.

The normal cost calculations depend on economic, demographic, and mortality assumptions. The demographic assumptions are determined separately for each of a number of special groups, in cases where separate experience data is available. Based on the changes in the demographic assumptions, the economic assumptions, and the other factors described above, OPM has determined the normal cost percentage for each category of employees under § 841.403 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations. The Governmentwide normal cost percentages, including the employee contributions, are as follows:

Congressional employees17.7%
Law enforcement officers, members of the Supreme Court Police, firefighters, nuclear materials couriers, Customs and Border Protection Officers, and employees under section 302 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 for Certain Employees27.0%
Air traffic controllers26.8%
Military reserve technicians15.3%
Employees under section 303 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 for Certain Employees (when serving abroad)17.6%
All other employees12.5%

Under § 841.408 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, these normal cost percentages are effective at the beginning of the first pay period commencing on or after October 1, 2010.

The time limit and address for filing agency appeals under §§ 841.409 through 841.412 of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, are stated in the DATES and ADDRESSES sections of this notice.

Start Signature

U.S. Office of Personnel Management.

John Berry,


End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2010-14827 Filed 6-18-10; 8:45 am]