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Arbitration Panel Decision Under the Randolph-Sheppard Act

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Department of Education.


Notice of arbitration panel decision under the Randolph-Sheppard Act.


The Department of Education (Department) gives notice that on July 17, 2009, an arbitration panel rendered a decision in the matter of Jerry Bird v. Oregon Commission for the Blind, Case no. R-S/07-2. This panel was convened by the Department under 20 U.S.C. 107d-1(a), after the Department received a complaint filed by the petitioner, Jerry Bird.

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You may obtain a copy of the full text of the arbitration panel decision from Suzette E. Haynes, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW., room 5022, Potomac Center Plaza, Washington, DC 20202-2800. Telephone: (202) 245-7374. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), you may call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll-free, at 1-800-877-8339.

Individuals with disabilities may obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

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Under section 6(c) of the Randolph-Sheppard Act (Act), 20 U.S.C. 107d-2(c), the Secretary publishes in the Federal Register a synopsis of each arbitration panel decision affecting the administration of vending facilities on Federal and other property.


Jerry Bird (Complainant) alleged violations by the Oregon Commission for the Blind, the State licensing agency (SLA), under the Act and implementing regulations in 34 CFR part 395. Specifically, Complainant alleged that Start Printed Page 79353the SLA improperly administered the Randolph-Sheppard Vending Facility Program in violation of the Act, implementing regulations under the Act, and State rules and regulations. Complainant further alleged that the SLA denied him an opportunity to manage vending machines at the Chemeketa Community College in addition to those he was already operating in exchange for relinquishing his vending location at the Oregon State Lottery Building (Lottery Building) as well as a proposed espresso cart operation in the Lottery Building.

Since 1991, Complainant has been a licensed blind vendor in the Randolph-Sheppard Vending Facility Program. In the fall of 2005, while operating his vending location at the Lottery Building, Complainant learned from another blind vendor at the Lottery Building that customers had approached her regarding their interest in having an espresso cart in the building. The other vendor discussed her plans with building management and with a member of the Blind Enterprise Consumer Committee (BECC). BECC is the Elected Committee of Blind Vendors under the Act. The BECC member informed Complainant of the discussions.

Subsequently, Complainant contacted SLA staff to raise his concerns of direct competition to his vending location with the placement of the proposed espresso cart at the Lottery Building. Moreover, Complainant felt the espresso cart should become part of his vending location. Complainant alleged that initially SLA staff agreed with his position, but later changed its opinion and moved forward with its intention of installing the espresso cart at the Lottery Building separate from Complainant's vending location.

Complainant objected to the SLA's decision. A meeting was held in October 2005 with SLA staff and a BECC member. At the meeting, Complainant alleged that he offered to give up the Lottery Building vending location, thereby permitting it to be combined with the proposed espresso cart, in return for a vending machine location at the Santiam Correctional Facility, which would cover his lost revenue from the vending machines in the Lottery Building, and at the Chemeketa Community College, which would reimburse him for lost income for the proposed espresso cart.

In November 2005, Complainant was contacted by an SLA staff member informing him that the vending machines at the Santiam Correctional Facility were being transferred to him. Later, in early 2006, Complainant contacted the SLA to inquire whether it had pursued a vending contract with the Chemeketa Community College. The SLA informed Complainant that it was in the process of obtaining an opinion from the Oregon Attorney General's (AG) office concerning the extent of the SLA's legal authority under State law regarding community colleges and that a response from the AG's office was expected soon.

On July 21, 2006, the SLA informed Complainant that the Santiam Correctional Facility and another vending location he had recently received would more than compensate him for the loss of income at the Lottery Building. Also, the SLA informed Complainant that it would not assign him any additional vending locations without the approval of the BECC. Eventually, while the BECC voted to assign Complainant the Chemeketa Community College vending facility, the SLA invalidated the vote due to an alleged conflict of interest.

Complainant requested a State fair hearing on the SLA's decisions. A State fair hearing on this matter was held. On October 31, 2007, the hearing officer issued a decision denying Complainant's grievance. On December 14, 2007, the SLA adopted the hearing officer's decision as final agency action. It was this decision that Complainant sought review of by a Federal arbitration panel.

According to the arbitration panel, the issues to be resolved were: (1) Whether the SLA violated the Act when it failed to give Complainant the Chemeketa Community College vending or an equivalent opportunity; (2) Whether the SLA violated the Act by delaying the administrative appeal process; and (3) If there was a violation of the Randolph-Sheppard Act, what was the appropriate remedy.

Arbitration Panel Decision

After hearing testimony and reviewing all of the evidence, the panel majority ruled that the Oregon Commission for the Blind violated the Act by operating the Randolph-Sheppard program in an arbitrary and capricious manner when it: (1) Offered the Chemeketa Community College vending location or its equivalent to Complainant as part of a negotiation with him to relinquish his vending location in the Lottery Building without consulting the BECC; (2) ignored the active participation of the BECC by declaring the BECC's vote on the vending location at the Chemeketa Community College invalid; and (3) delayed the administrative process in response to Complainant's request for a State fair hearing.

Notwithstanding the SLA's argument that it had not waived sovereign immunity, the panel found that it had jurisdiction to order monetary damages. Thus, as a remedy, the panel majority ruled that the SLA should: (1) Remit to Complainant an amount equal to the net revenues from the vending location at the Chemeketa Community College less set-aside, plus interest at the applicable Federal statutory rate, retroactive to April 2007; (2) award to Complainant the vending location at the Chemeketa Community College; and (3) amend its regulations to provide for timelines in processing vendor complaints and requests for Federal arbitrations under the Act. Additionally, the panel majority ruled that the Complainant was entitled to reasonable attorney's fees and costs. The panel also retained jurisdiction for 90 days following the award's issuance to monitor implementation and calculation of the award of attorney's fees.

One panel member dissented from the panel majority's decision. The panel member dissented from the panel majority regarding: (1) The award of monetary damages and attorney's fees to Complainant, (2) the finding that the SLA had violated the Act because it did not consult the BECC, and (3) the finding that the SLA violated the Act as the result of a delay in the administrative hearing process.

Conversely, the panel member concurred with the panel majority that the actions of the SLA were in violation of the Act, not in breach of a contract. Also, the panel member concurred with the panel majority regarding prospective relief available to Complainant.

Subsequent to the arbitration panel decision, the attorney for the Complainant requested that the panel reconsider its decision and amend the award based upon the fact that Chemeketa Community College had entered into a beverage contract that was contrary to the Act. Also, the attorney requested that the panel award him $98,624.00 in legal fees and costs.

On April 1, 2010, the panel majority found that the new allegation regarding the beverage contract was outside the scope of the panel's authority and thus denied the request of Complainant's attorney to reconsider and amend the original award. Additionally, the panel reviewed the billing statements in detail from the attorney regarding his services rendered and the legal fees and costs to represent the Complainant. Based upon the finding that not all of the hours claimed by Complainant's attorney were pertinent to this arbitration, the panel Start Printed Page 79354majority concluded that reasonable attorney's fees and costs for this arbitration should be reduced to $28,393.50.

One panel member dissented stating that the scope and amount of an award of attorney's fees and costs would not materially damage the Oregon Commission for the Blind's Randolph-Sheppard program. Consequently, this panel member would award Complainant's attorney $65,749.33, reducing the original amount requested by one-third.

The views and opinions expressed by the panel do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of the Department.

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Dated: December 15, 2010.

Alexa Posny,

Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.

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[FR Doc. 2010-31879 Filed 12-17-10; 8:45 am]