On November 5, 2010, NYSE Arca, Inc. (“Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”)  and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change to list and trade shares (“Shares”) of the ProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETF and the ProShares VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF (“Funds”) of the ProShares Trust II (“Trust”) under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, Commentary .02. Start Printed Page 200The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on November 22, 2010. The Commission received no comments on the proposal. This order grants approval of the proposed rule change.
II. Description of the Proposal
The Exchange proposes to list and trade the Shares of the Funds under NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, Commentary .02. The Funds will seek to provide investment results (before fees and expenses) that match the performance of a benchmark that seeks to offer exposure to market volatility through publicly traded futures markets. The benchmark for ProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETF is the S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures Index and the benchmark for ProShares VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF is the S&P 500 VIX Mid-Term Futures Index (each, an “Index,” and, collectively, “Indexes”). The Funds will invest in futures contracts based on the Chicago Board Options Exchange (“CBOE”) Volatility Index (“VIX”) to pursue their respective investment objectives. Each Fund also may invest in cash or cash equivalents such as U.S. Treasury securities or other high credit quality short-term fixed-income or similar securities (including shares of money market funds, bank deposits, bank money market accounts, certain variable-rate demand notes, and repurchase agreements collateralized by government securities) that may serve as collateral for the futures contracts.
ProShare Capital Management LLC, a Maryland limited liability company, serves as the Sponsor of the Trust and is a commodity pool operator and commodity trading advisor. Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. serves as the administrator (“Administrator”), custodian and transfer agent of the Funds and their respective Shares. SEI Investments Distribution Co. serves as distributor of the Shares. Wilmington Trust Company, a Delaware banking corporation, is the sole trustee of the Trust.
If a Fund is successful in meeting its objective, its value (before fees and expenses) should gain approximately as much on a percentage basis as the level of its corresponding Index when it rises. Conversely, its value (before fees and expenses) should lose approximately as much on a percentage basis as the level of its corresponding Index when it declines. Each Fund will acquire exposure through VIX futures contracts traded on the CBOE Futures Exchange (“CFE”) (“VIX Futures Contracts”), such that each Fund has exposure intended to approximate the benchmark at the time of the net asset value (“NAV”) calculation.
Each Fund will not be actively managed by traditional methods, which typically involve effecting changes in the composition of a portfolio on the basis of judgments relating to economic, financial, and market considerations with a view toward obtaining positive results under all market conditions. Rather, the Sponsor will seek to cause the NAV to track the performance of an Index, even during periods in which that benchmark is flat or moving in a manner which causes the NAV of a Fund to decline.
The Indexes act as a measure of volatility as reflected by the price of certain VIX Futures Contracts (“Index Components”), with the price of each VIX Futures Contract reflecting the market's expectation of future volatility. Each Index seeks to reflect the returns that are potentially available from holding an unleveraged long position in certain VIX Futures Contracts. Unlike the Indexes, the VIX, which is not a benchmark for either Fund, is calculated based on the prices of put and call options on the S&P 500, which are traded on the CBOE.
The S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures Index employs rules for selecting the Index Components and a formula to calculate a level for the Index from the prices of these components. Specifically, the Index Components represent the prices of the two near-term VIX futures months, replicating a position that rolls the nearest month VIX Futures Contract to the next month VIX Futures Contract on a daily basis in equal fractional amounts. This results in a constant weighted average maturity of one month. The roll period begins on the Tuesday prior to the monthly CFE VIX Futures Contracts settlement date and runs through the Tuesday prior to the subsequent month's CFE VIX Futures Contract settlement date.
The S&P 500 VIX Mid-Term Futures Index also employs rules for selecting the Index Components and a formula to calculate the level of the Index from the prices of these components. Specifically, the Index Components represent the prices for four contract months of VIX Futures Contracts, representing a market-based estimation of constant maturity, five-month forward implied VIX values. The S&P 500 VIX Mid-Term Futures Index measures the return from a rolling long position in the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh month VIX Futures Contracts, and rolls continuously throughout each month while maintaining positions in the fifth and sixth month contracts. This results in a constant weighted average maturity of five months.
Additional information regarding the Funds and the Shares, the Indexes and calculation of Index values, investment strategies, risks, creation and redemption procedures, fees, portfolio holdings and disclosure policies, distributions and taxes, availability of information, trading rules and halts, and surveillance procedures, among other things, can be found in the Registration Statement and in the Notice, as applicable.
III. Discussion and Commission's Findings
The Commission has carefully reviewed the proposed rule change and finds that it is consistent with the requirements of Section 6 of the Act  and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that the Exchange's rules be designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. The Commission notes that the Shares must comply with the requirements of NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, Commentary .02 to be listed and traded on the Exchange.
The Commission finds that the proposal to list and trade the Shares on the Exchange is consistent with Section 11A(a)(1)(C)(iii) of the Act, which sets forth Congress' finding that it is in the Start Printed Page 201public interest and appropriate for the protection of investors and the maintenance of fair and orderly markets to assure the availability to brokers, dealers, and investors of information with respect to quotations for and transactions in securities. Quotation and last-sale information regarding the Shares will be disseminated through the facilities of the Consolidated Tape Association. The level of each Index will be published at least every 15 seconds both in real-time from 9:30 a.m. to 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time and at the close of trading on each Business Day  by Bloomberg L.P. and Reuters. The closing prices and settlement prices of the Index Components are available from the Web sites of the CFE, automated quotation systems, published or other public sources, and on-line information services such as Bloomberg or Reuters. The specific contract specifications for the component futures underlying the Indexes are also available on those Web sites, as well as on other financial informational sources. The CFE also provides delayed futures information on current and past trading sessions and market news free of charge on its Web site. In addition, the Funds will provide Web site disclosure of portfolio holdings daily and will include, as applicable, the notional value (in U.S. dollars) of VIX Futures Contracts and characteristics of such instruments and cash equivalents, and amount of cash held in the portfolio of the Funds. Further, NYSE Arca will calculate and disseminate every 15 seconds throughout the trading day an updated Indicative Optimized Portfolio Value (“IOPV”), which is an indicator of the value of the VIX Futures Contracts and cash and/or cash equivalents less liabilities of a Fund. The NAV for the Funds' Shares will be calculated by the Administrator once a day, and the Exchange will make available on its Web site daily trading volume of the Shares, closing prices of the Shares, and number of Shares outstanding.
The Commission further believes that the proposal to list and trade the Shares is reasonably designed to promote fair disclosure of information that may be necessary to price the Shares appropriately and to prevent trading when a reasonable degree of transparency cannot be assured. The Commission notes that the Web site disclosure of the portfolio composition of the Funds will occur at the same time as the disclosure by the Funds of the portfolio composition to Authorized Participants so that all market participants are provided portfolio composition information at the same time. In addition, if the Exchange becomes aware that the NAV with respect to the Shares is not disseminated to all market participants at the same time, the Exchange will halt trading in the Shares until such time as the NAV is available to all market participants. Further, the Exchange may halt trading during the day in which an interruption to the dissemination to the IOPV, the value of the Index, the VIX, or the value of the underlying VIX Futures Contracts occurs. If such interruption persists past the trading day in which it occurred, the Exchange will halt trading no later than the beginning of the trading day following the interruption. Trading in the Shares will be subject to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, Commentary .02(e), which sets forth certain restrictions on ETP Holders acting as registered Market Makers in Trust Issued Receipts to facilitate surveillance. The Exchange represents that Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC, the index sponsor with respect to the Indexes, has implemented procedures designed to prevent the use and dissemination of material, non-public information regarding the Indexes.
The Exchange has represented that the Shares are deemed to be equity securities subject to the Exchange's existing rules governing the trading of equity securities. In support of this proposal, the Exchange has made representations, including:
(1) The Funds will meet the initial and continued listing requirements applicable to Trust Issued Receipts in NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200 and Commentary .02 thereto.
(2) The Exchange has appropriate rules to facilitate transactions in the Shares during all trading sessions.
(3) The Exchange's surveillance procedures are adequate to properly monitor Exchange trading of the Shares in all trading sessions and to deter and detect violations of Exchange rules and applicable Federal securities laws.
(4) Prior to the commencement of trading, the Exchange will inform its ETP Holders in an Information Bulletin of the special characteristics and risks associated with trading the Shares. Specifically, the Information Bulletin will discuss the following: (a) The risks involved in trading the Shares during the Opening and Late Trading Sessions when an updated IOPV will not be calculated or publicly disseminated; (b) the procedures for purchases and redemptions of Shares in Creation Baskets and Redemption Baskets (and that Shares are not individually redeemable); (c) NYSE Arca Equities Rule 9.2(a), which imposes a duty of due diligence on its ETP Holders to learn the essential facts relating to every customer prior to trading the Shares; (d) the requirement that ETP Holders deliver a prospectus to investors purchasing newly issued Shares prior to or concurrently with the confirmation of a transaction; and (e) trading information.
(5) The Shares must be in compliance with NYSE Arca Equities Rule 5.3 and Rule 10A-3 under the Act.
(6) A minimum of 100,000 Shares of each of the Funds will be outstanding as of the start of trading on the Exchange.
This approval order is based on the Exchange's representations.
For the foregoing reasons, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act  and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-NYSEArca-2010-101), be, and it hereby is, approved.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.
Florence E. Harmon,
3. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63317 (November 16, 2010), 75 FR 71158 (“Notice”).Back to Citation
4. Commentary .02 to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200 applies to Trust Issued Receipts that invest in “Financial Instruments.” The term “Financial Instruments,” as defined in Commentary .02(b)(4) to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.200, means any combination of investments, including cash; securities; options on securities and indices; futures contracts; options on futures contracts; forward contracts; equity caps, collars and floors; and swap agreements.Back to Citation
5. Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC is the index sponsor with respect to the Indexes.Back to Citation
6. The Funds have filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act of 1933, dated November 5, 2010 (File No. 333-163511) (“Registration Statement”).Back to Citation
7. See Notice and Registration Statement, supra notes 3 and 6.Back to Citation
9. In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission notes that it has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
12. A “Business Day” means any day other than a day when any of the NYSE, the NYSE Arca, the CBOE, or the CFE or other exchange material to the valuation or operation of the Funds, or the calculation of the VIX, options contracts underlying the VIX, VIX Futures Contracts or the Indexes is closed for regular trading.Back to Citation
13. Complete real-time data for component futures underlying the Indexes is available by subscription from Reuters and Bloomberg. In addition, the Funds' Web site at http://www.proshares.com will display the end of day closing Index levels and NAV.Back to Citation
14. The IOPV is published on NYSE Arca's Web site and is available through on-line information services such as Bloomberg and Reuters.Back to Citation
15. Each Fund's NAV will be calculated at 4:15 p.m. Eastern Time.Back to Citation
16. Trading may also be halted because of market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in the Shares inadvisable. These may include: (1) The extent to which trading is not occurring in the underlying futures contracts; or (2) whether other unusual conditions or circumstances detrimental to the maintenance of a fair and orderly market are present.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 2010-32984 Filed 12-30-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P