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Determination of Regulatory Review Period for Purposes of Patent Extension; CONVENIA

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Food and Drug Administration, HHS.




The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined the regulatory review period for CONVENIA and is publishing this notice of that determination as required by law. FDA has made the determination because of the submission of an application to the Director of Patents and Trademarks, Department of Commerce, for the extension of a patent which claims that animal drug product.


Submit electronic comments to Submit written petitions along with three copies and written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food Start Printed Page 24035and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

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Beverly Friedman, Office of Regulatory Policy, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 6222, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-3602.

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The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Pub. L. 98-417) and the Generic Animal Drug and Patent Term Restoration Act (Pub. L. 100-670) generally provide that a patent may be extended for a period of up to 5 years so long as the patented item (human drug product, animal drug product, medical device, food additive, or color additive) was subject to regulatory review by FDA before the item was marketed. Under these Acts, a product's regulatory review period forms the basis for determining the amount of extension an applicant may receive.

A regulatory review period consists of two periods of time: A testing phase and an approval phase. For animal drug products, the testing phase begins on the earlier date when either a major environmental effects test was initiated for the drug or when an exemption under section 512(j) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360b(j)) became effective and runs until the approval phase begins. The approval phase starts with the initial submission of an application to market the animal drug product and continues until FDA grants permission to market the drug product. Although only a portion of a regulatory review period may count toward the actual amount of extension that the Director of Patents and Trademarks may award (for example, half the testing phase must be subtracted as well as any time that may have occurred before the patent was issued), FDA's determination of the length of a regulatory review period for an animal drug product will include all of the testing phase and approval phase as specified in 35 U.S.C. 156(g)(4)(B).

FDA approved for marketing the animal drug product CONVENIA (cefovecin sodium). CONVENIA is indicated for the treatment of skin infections (wounds and abscesses) caused by susceptible strains of Pasteurella multocida in cats; and the treatment of skin infections (secondary superficial pyoderma, abscesses and wounds) caused by susceptible strains of Staphylococcus intermedius and Streptococcus canis (Group G) in dogs. Subsequent to this approval, the Patent and Trademark Office received a patent term restoration application for CONVENIA (U.S. Patent No. 6,020,329) from Pfizer, Inc., and the Patent and Trademark Office requested FDA's assistance in determining this patent's eligibility for patent term restoration. In a letter dated September 2, 2009, FDA advised the Patent and Trademark Office that this animal drug product had undergone a regulatory review period and that the approval of CONVENIA represented the first permitted commercial marketing or use of the product. Thereafter, the Patent and Trademark Office requested that FDA determine the product's regulatory review period.

FDA has determined that the applicable regulatory review period for CONVENIA is 2,841 days. Of this time, 2,801 days occurred during the testing phase of the regulatory review period, while 40 days occurred during the approval phase. These periods of time were derived from the following dates:

1. The date an exemption under section 512(j) of the FD&C Act became effective: July 17, 2000. The applicant claims November 16, 1999, as the date the investigational new animal drug application (INAD) became effective. However, the date that a major health or environmental effects test is begun or the date on which the Agency acknowledges the filing of a notice of claimed investigational exemption for a new animal drug, whichever is earlier, is the effective date for the INAD. According to FDA records, July 17, 2000, is the effective date for the INAD.

2. The date the application was initially submitted with respect to the animal drug product under section 512 of the FD&C Act: March 17, 2008. The applicant claims March 15, 2008, as the date the new animal drug Application (NADA) for CONVENIA (NADA 141-285) was initially submitted. However, a review of FDA records reveals that the date of FDA's official acknowledgement letter assigning a number to NADA 141-285 was March 17, 2008, which is considered to be the initially submitted date for NADA 141-285.

3. The date the application was approved: April 25, 2008. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that NADA 141-285 was approved on April 25, 2008. This determination of the regulatory review period establishes the maximum potential length of a patent extension. However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office applies several statutory limitations in its calculations of the actual period for patent extension. In its application for patent extension, this applicant seeks 1,462 days of patent term extension.

Anyone with knowledge that any of the dates as published are incorrect may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) either electronic or written comments and ask for a redetermination by June 28, 2011. Furthermore, any interested person may petition FDA for a determination regarding whether the applicant for extension acted with due diligence during the regulatory review period by October 26, 2011.

To meet its burden, the petition must contain sufficient facts to merit an FDA investigation. (See H. Rept. 857, part 1, 98th Cong., 2d sess., pp. 41-42, 1984.) Petitions should be in the format specified in 21 CFR 10.30.

Comments and petitions should be submitted to the Division of Dockets Management. Three copies of any mailed information are to be submitted, except that individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Comments and petitions may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

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Dated: April 15, 2011.

Jane A. Axelrad,

Associate Director for Policy, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

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[FR Doc. 2011-10379 Filed 4-28-11; 8:45 am]