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“Evaluating the Effects of the `Reality Check' Serial Drama on the HIV-related Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions of African American Youth”—NEW—National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an already-created serial drama intervention, “Reality Check,” on African American youth in the Atlanta, Georgia area. Young African Americans are very disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Social, demographic, and historic factors contributing to these high disease rates include poverty, poor access to preventive medical services, and homophobia, which causes some men who have sex with men (MSM) to be secretive about these activities and to be reluctant to be tested for HIV. Unfortunately, many persons infected with HIV are unaware of their infection and may be transmitting the virus, especially during the highly infectious acute infection stage. However, persons who become aware of their HIV infections reduce their risky behavior dramatically.
The study will evaluate the effectiveness of the innovative, theory-based HIV risk reduction serial drama intervention, “Reality Check,” among African Americans aged 13 to 21 years who attend clubs for youth in the Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The hypothesis to be tested is that “Reality Check” is effective in increasing intention for HIV testing, condom use, and abstinence, and in increasing tolerance for persons regardless of HIV status or sexual orientation, as compared with the comparison group. The study will use a cluster randomized trial design, with a wait-list comparison group and pre- and post-intervention assessments. Youth clubs serving minority and disadvantaged youth in the Atlanta MSA will be matched into pairs and randomly assigned to intervention and comparison conditions. The study sample will include at least 500 participants evenly divided between the two conditions. Eligible youth at all participating clubs will be invited to complete the pre-intervention questionnaire. The eligible youth at the intervention clubs will be shown the serial drama, which consists of 27, 3-minute episodes, in its entirety immediately after completing the questionnaire. Four weeks later eligible youth at all participating clubs will be invited to complete the post-intervention questionnaire. Eligible youth at clubs in the comparison group will be shown the serial drama immediately after the post-intervention assessment has been completed. If “Reality Check” is shown to be successful, it can be delivered cost-effectively and with substantial reach via various mechanisms, such as public buses with video monitors, on video kiosks, and on Web sites. There is no cost to respondents other than their time.
|Type of respondent||Form name||Number of respondents||Number responses per respondent||Average burden per respondent (in hours)||Total annual burden (in hours)|
|Directors of youth clubs||Screening and Enlistment Form||30||1||10/60||5|
|Participating youth||Survey Questionnaire||500||1||15/60||125|
|Participating youth||Follow-up Questionnaire||425||1||15/60||106|
Dated: May 20, 2011.
Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2011-13333 Filed 5-27-11; 8:45 am]
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