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Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; 2011 Specifications for the Spiny Dogfish Fishery

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.


Final rule.

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NMFS announces specifications and management measures for the spiny dogfish fishery for the 2011 fishing year (FY) (May 1, 2011, through April 30, 2012). NMFS is implementing a spiny dogfish quota of 20 million lb (9,071.85 mt) for FY 2011, and is maintaining the possession limit of 3,000 lb (1.36 mt). These measures are consistent with the Spiny Dogfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP) and promote the utilization and conservation of the spiny dogfish resource.


Effective July 7, 2011, through April 30, 2012.


Copies of supporting documents used by the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (MAFMC), including the Environmental Assessment (EA) and Regulatory Impact Review (RIR)/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA), are available from: Dr. Christopher M. Moore, Executive Director, Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council, Suite 201, 800 N. State St, Dover, DE 19901. The final EA/RIR/IRFA is also accessible via the Internet at

NMFS prepared a Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (FRFA), which is contained in the Classification section of the preamble of this rule. Copies of the FRFA and the Small Entity Compliance Guide are available from the Regional Administrator, Northeast Regional Office, NMFS, 55 Great Republic Drive, Gloucester, MA 01930-2276, and are also available via the Internet at

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Lindsey Feldman, Fisheries Management Specialist, phone: 978-675-2179, fax: 978-281-9135.

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Spiny dogfish were declared overfished by NMFS on April 3, 1998. Consequently, the Magnuson-Stevens Act required NMFS to prepare measures to end overfishing and rebuild the spiny dogfish stock. During 1998 and 1999, the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (MAFMC) and the New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC) developed a joint FMP, with the MAFMC designated as the administrative lead. The FMP implemented a rebuilding program that held fishing mortality rates to a level that would allow the stock to rebuild and that specified a semi-annual quota, allocating 57.9 percent of the coastwide quota to the fishery in Period 1 (May 1-October 30) and 42.1 percent of the quota in Period 2 (November 1-April 30). The FMP also prohibits “finning,” with a maximum of 5 percent fin to carcass ratio by weight; allows for a framework adjustment process; and implements annual FMP review, permit and reporting requirements for the spiny dogfish fishery, and other general administrative requirements (65 FR 1557, January 11, 2000).

The regulations implementing the Spiny Dogfish FMP at 50 CFR part 648, subpart L, outline the process for specifying the commercial quota and other management measures (e.g., minimum or maximum fish sizes, seasons, mesh size restrictions, possession limits, and other gear restrictions) necessary to ensure that the target fishing mortality rate (target F) specified in the FMP will not be exceeded in any FY (May 1-April 30), for a period of 1-5 FYs.

The regulations at § 648.230(b) specify that the Spiny Dogfish Monitoring Committee (MC), which is comprised of representatives from states; MAFMC staff; NEFMC staff; NMFS staff; academia; and two non-voting, ex-officio industry representatives (one each from the MAFMC and NEFMC regions), recommend to the Council's Joint Spiny Dogfish Committee (Joint Committee) a commercial quota and other management measures necessary to achieve the target F for 1-5 FYs based on the best available information. The Joint Committee considers the MC's recommendations and any public comment in making its recommendation to the two Councils. The Councils then review the recommendations of the MC and Joint Committee separately and make their recommendations to NMFS. NMFS reviews those recommendations, and may modify them if necessary to assure that the target F will not be exceeded. NMFS then publishes proposed measures for public comment.

A proposed rule for this action was published in the Federal Register on March 17, 2011 (76 FR 14644), with public comment accepted through April 18, 2011. Consistent with the Councils' recommendations, NMFS proposed an FY 2011 commercial quota of 20 million lb (9,071.85 mt), a level that will prevent overfishing, after accounting for other sources of fishing mortality (U.S. discards, recreational catch, and Canadian landings). NMFS also proposed maintaining the possession limit of 3,000 lb (1.36 mt) for FY 2011. A complete discussion of the development of the specifications and management measures appears in the preamble of the proposed rule and is not repeated here.

Final 2011 Specifications and Management Measures

The spiny dogfish commercial quota for FY 2011 is 20 million lb (9,071.85 mt). The current possession limit of 3,000 lb (1.36 mt) remains unchanged. As specified in the FMP, quota Period 1 (May 1 through October 31) is allocated 57.9 percent of the quota (11,580,000 lb (5,252.6 mt)), and quota Period 2 (November 1 through April 30) is allocated 42.1 percent of the quota (8,420,000 lb (3,819.25 mt)). The 2011 spiny dogfish commercial quota is consistent with the 20-million-lb quota adopted by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (Commission) on November 12, 2010. However, on March 31, 2011, the Commission approved Addendum 3 to the Interstate FMP to divide the southern region annual quota of 42 percent into state-specific shares and allows for quota transfer between states, rollovers of up to 5 percent, and state-specified possession limits. Although this final rule implements the same commercial quota as the Commission for FY 2011 (20 million lb), the final 2011 quota implemented by the Commission, adjusting for overages from the previous year, is approximately 19.5 million lb (a difference of 500,000 lb from the Federal quota). The issue of quota allocation will be reconsidered by the Councils in the upcoming Amendment 3 to the FMP.

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Comments and Responses

NMFS received three comments on the proposed measures by three individuals.

Comment 1: One individual opposed the spiny dogfish commercial quota increase for FY 2011 and commented that the commercial quota should be decreased.

Response: The spiny dogfish fishery was declared rebuilt on June 22, 2010, based an analysis of biological reference points presented at the Transboundary Resource Assessment Committee (TRAC) meeting in January 2010. In the fall of 2010, the NMFS Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) updated the spiny dogfish stock status using the population modeling approach from the 43rd Stock Assessment Workshop (43rd SAW, 2006), 2009 catch data, and results from the 2010 spring bottom trawl survey. The update specified that the female spawning stock biomass (SSB) for 2010 is 164,066 mt (362 million lb), about 3 percent above the maximum spawning stock biomass, SSBmax (159,288 mt), the maximum sustainable yield biomass (Bmsy) proxy. The 2010 NEFSC stock status update confirmed that overfishing of spiny dogfish is not occurring, the stock is not overfished, and the stock has been rebuilt since 2008. The quota increase of 5 million lb (2,268 mt) for FY 2011 is justified because as the stock continues to be rebuilt, the fishery is no longer constrained to Frebuild, and fishing mortality rates can increase without compromising the status of the current or future stock.

Comment 2: Two individuals supported the increase in the FY 2011 commercial spiny dogfish quota. One individual noted that maintaining the current possession limit of 3,000 lb (1.36 mt) would not allow for the development of a directed spiny dogfish fishery.

Response: NMFS agrees that increasing the FY 2011 commercial spiny dogfish quota will allow utilization of the spiny dogfish resource, while still protecting the stock from overfishing.

NMFS does not agree that the possession limit should be increased for FY 2011. The FMP was developed to halt depletion of reproductively mature female spiny dogfish and to allow the stock to rebuild. Because the commercial fishery concentrated primarily on mature females, the FMP established possession limits to control the directed fishery for spiny dogfish and allow for the reproductively mature female portion of the population to rebuild. The Councils did not consider alternatives that would have increased the FY 2011 possession limits specifically to limit the development of a large-scale directed fishery and allow the stock to fully rebuild. It is for these reasons that the possession limit is maintained at 3,000 lb (1.36 mt) for FY 2011.


Pursuant to section 304(b)(1)(A) of the Magnuson-Stevens Act, the NMFS Assistant Administrator has determined that this rule is consistent with the Spiny Dogfish FMP, other provisions of the Magnuson-Stevens Act, and other applicable law.

This action is authorized by 50 CFR part 648 and has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866 (E.O. 12866).

Pursuant to section 604 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, NMFS has prepared a final regulatory flexibility analysis (FRFA), which is included in this final rule, in support of the FY 2011 spiny dogfish specifications and management measures. The FRFA describes the economic impact that this final rule, along with other non-preferred alternatives, will have on small entities.

The FRFA incorporates the economic impacts and analysis summarized in the IRFA, a summary of the significant issues raised by the public, and a summary of analyses prepared to support the action (i.e., the EA and the RIR). The contents of these documents are not repeated in detail here. A copy of the IRFA, the RIR, and the EA are available upon request (see ADDRESSES).

Statement of Objective and Need

A description of the reasons why this action is being considered, and the objectives of and legal basis for this action, is contained in the preamble to the proposed rule and this final rule and is not repeated here.

Summary of Public Comment on IRFA and Agency Response

NMFS received three comments from three individuals on the proposed measures. While the comments were not specifically directed to the IRFA, two individuals were supportive of the positive economic impact the increase in the commercial quota would have on the spiny dogfish fishing industry. In addition, one individual stated that due to the low ex-vessel value of spiny dogfish, the possession limit should be increased to allow for the development of a directed spiny dogfish fishery that can supply a burgeoning market. The response to this comment is in the “Comments and Responses” section in the preamble to this rule.

Description and Estimate of Number of Small Entities to Which the Rule Will Apply

The entities potentially affected by this rule include vessels with Federal spiny dogfish permits. According to NMFS permit file data, 3,020 vessels were issued Federal spiny dogfish permits, while only 398 of these vessels were active in the fishery in FY 2009. All of these potentially affected businesses are considered small entities under the standards described in NMFS guidelines because their gross receipts do not exceed $4 million annually (13 CFR 121.201(2006)).

Description of Projected Reporting, Recordkeeping, and Other Compliance Requirements

This action does not contain any new collection-of-information, reporting, recordkeeping, or other compliance requirements. It does not duplicate, overlap, or conflict with any other Federal rules.

Minimizing Significant Economic Impacts on Small Entities

NMFS and the Council considered three distinct alternatives for this rule, which are assessed in greater detail in the IRFA. The potential impacts of each alternative were evaluated using information from FY 2009, as that is the most recent year for which data are complete. The action recommended in this rule (Alternative 2) specifies a commercial quota for spiny dogfish of 20 million lb (9,071.85 mt), which is higher than quota in the Status Quo (Alternative 1) option that would maintain the FY 2011 commercial quota for spiny dogfish at 15 million lb (5,443.11 mt). Alternative 3 would specify a commercial quota of 31.4 million lb (14,242.8 mt), a level set to achieve the existing Ftarget of 0.207. None of the alternatives propose to modify the current 3,000-lb (1.36-mt) possession limit.

Assuming that the quota will be fully attained and that FY 2011 prices for spiny dogfish will be similar to those in FY 2009, Alternatives 2 and 3 would increase revenue levels for affected businesses, thereby having a positive economic impact on small entities. The positive economic impacts would be greater under Alternative 3 than Alternative 2. In contrast, Alternative 1 (status quo) would maintain the current revenue levels. Total spiny dogfish revenue from the last complete FY (2009) was reported as $2.360 million. Using the average FY 2009 price/lb Start Printed Page 32876($0.22), landing the full FY 2010 quota of 15 million lb (5,443.11 mt), (and also the FY 2011 quota under Alternative 1) would yield $3.300 million in fleet revenue. Applying the same approach, revenue would be expected to increase to $4.400 million under the proposed action (Alternative 2), and $6.898 million under Alternative 3. The quota level under Alternative 2 will allow the highest level of harvest of spiny dogfish while taking into account scientific uncertainty about the stock. Although the level of increased revenue for small entities will be less than under Alternative 3, Alternative 2 is more likely to prevent overfishing of the spiny dogfish resource and promote a more stable stream of commercial landings and revenues over the long term.

Small Entity Compliance Guide

Section 212 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 states that, for each rule or group of related rules for which an agency is required to prepare a FRFA, the agency shall publish one or more guides to assist small entities in complying with the rule, and shall designate such publications as “small entity compliance guides.” The agency shall explain the actions a small entity is required to take to comply with a rule or group of rules. As part of this rulemaking process, a letter to permit holders that also serves as small entity compliance guide (guide) was prepared and will be sent to all holders of permits issued for the spiny dogfish fishery. In addition, copies of this final rule and guide (i.e., permit holder letter) are available from the Northeast Regional Administrator (see ADDRESSES) and may be found at the following Web site:​nero/​.

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Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.

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Dated: June 1, 2011.

Eric C. Schwaab,

Assistant Administrator for Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service.

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[FR Doc. 2011-13974 Filed 6-6-11; 8:45 am]