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Notice

Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-5960 and send comments to Daniel Holcomb, CDC Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an e-mail to omb@cdc.gov.

Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.

Proposed Project

Survey of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Test (RIDT) Practices in Clinical Laboratories—New—the Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services (OSELS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Background and Brief Description

The Survey of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Testing Practices in Clinical Laboratories is a national systematic study investigating rapid influenza diagnostic testing practices in clinical Start Printed Page 33304laboratories. The survey will be funded in full by the Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services (OSELS) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Influenza epidemics usually cause an average more than 200,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths per year in the U.S. Respiratory illnesses caused by influenza viruses are not easily differentiated from other respiratory infections based solely on symptoms. Also influenza viruses may adversely affect different subpopulations. The effective use of rapid influenza diagnostic testing practices is an important component of the differential diagnosis of influenza-like-illness in both inpatient and outpatient treatment facilities. Test results are used for making decisions about antiviral vs. antibiotic use, and in making admission or discharge decisions. In many cases, rapid influenza tests are the only tests that can provide results while the patient is still present in the facility. Thus, the appropriate use of the tests, and interpretation of test results is critical to the treatment and control of influenza. More than a dozen rapid tests have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are in widespread use. The reliability of rapid influenza tests is influenced by the individual test product used and the setting. Reported sensitivities range from 10-75%; while the median specificities reported are 90-95%. Other factors influencing accuracy are the stage (or duration) of illness when the diagnostic specimen is collected, type and adequacy of the specimen collected, variability in user technique for specimen collection or assay performance, and disease activity in the community. Given these and other collective findings, it is imperative for public health and for response planning that CDC develops sector-specific guidance and effective outreach to the clinicians on appropriate use of RIDT in their practices.

Previous studies by CDC of outpatient facilities showed that clinical laboratories usually perform the rapid tests for emergency departments, and provide results for both inpatient and outpatient treatment. Thus, understanding the use of rapid influenza testing in clinical laboratories, how the laboratories report results to emergency departments and treatment facilities and health departments, and what quality assurance practices are used will guide future efforts of the CDC to develop appropriate influenza testing guidelines and sector-specific training materials for clinicians and improve health outcomes of the American public.

The survey covers basic laboratory demographic characteristics, specimen collection and processing, testing practices, reporting of results to emergency departments and other treatment facilities, reporting results to health departments, quality assurance practices, and methods of receiving updated influenza-related information. The majority of the questions request information about laboratory influenza testing practices.

To date, no systematic study has been conducted to investigate how laboratories use these tests, how they report results, or how they interact with outpatient treatment facilities. The survey will be conducted on a national sample of clinical laboratories. There are no costs to respondents except their time.

Estimated Annualized Burden Hours

Type of respondentsForm nameNo. of respondentsNo. of responses per respondentAvg. burden per response (in hrs)Total burden (in hrs)
Clinical Laboratory SupervisorsSurvey of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Test Practices in Clinical Laboratories600130/60300
Total300
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Dated: June 1, 2011.

Daniel Holcomb,

Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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[FR Doc. 2011-14147 Filed 6-7-11; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4163-18-P