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Rule

Beef Promotion and Research; Reapportionment

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This final rule adjusts representation on the Cattlemen's Beef Promotion and Research Board (Board), established under the Beef Promotion and Research Act of 1985 (Act), to reflect changes in cattle inventories and cattle and beef imports that have occurred since the most recent Board reapportionment rule became effective in October 2008. These adjustments are required by the Beef Promotion and Research Order (Order) and will result in a decrease in Board membership from 106 to 103, effective with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) appointments for terms beginning early in the year 2012.

DATES:

Effective July 19, 2011.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Craig Shackelford, Marketing Programs Branch, on 202/720-1115, fax 202/720-1125, or by e-mail at craig.shackelford@ams.usda.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Executive Order 12866

The Office of Management and Budget has waived the review process required by Executive Order 12866 for this action.

Executive Order 12988

This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect.

Section 11 of the Act provides that nothing in the Act may be construed to preempt or supersede any other program relating to beef promotion organized and operated under the laws of the United States or any State. There are no administrative proceedings that must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule.

Regulatory Flexibility Act and Paperwork Reduction Act

Pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)(5 U.S.C. 601-612), the Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic effect of this action on small entities and has determined that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The purpose of RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly burdened.

In the February 2010 publication of “Farms, Land in Farms, and Livestock Operations,” USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) estimates that in 2009 the number of operations in the United States with cattle totaled approximately 950,000. The majority of these operations that are subject to the Order may be classified as small entities.

The final rule imposes no new burden on the industry. It only adjusts representation on the Board to reflect changes in domestic cattle inventory and cattle and beef imports. The adjustments are required by the Order and will result in a decrease in Board membership from 106 to 103.

Background and Final Action

The Board was initially appointed August 4, 1986, pursuant to the provisions of the Act (7 U.S.C. 2901-2911) and the Order issued thereunder. Domestic representation on the Board is based on cattle inventory numbers, and importer representation is based on the conversion of the volume of imported cattle, beef, or beef products into live animal equivalencies.

Section 1260.141(b) of the Order provides that the Board shall be composed of cattle producers and importers appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) from Start Printed Page 42013nominations submitted by certified producer organizations. A producer may only be nominated to represent the unit in which that producer is a resident.

Section 1260.141(c) of the Order provides that at least every 3 years and not more than every 2 years, the Board shall review the geographic distribution of cattle inventories throughout the United States and the volume of imported cattle, beef, and beef products and, if warranted, shall reapportion units and/or modify the number of Board members from units in order to reflect the geographic distribution of cattle production volume in the United States and the volume of cattle, beef, or beef products imported into the United States.

Section 1260.141(d) of the Order authorizes the Board to recommend to USDA modifications to the number of cattle per unit necessary for representation on the Board.

Section 1260.141(e)(1) provides that each geographic unit or State that includes a total cattle inventory equal to or greater than 500,000 head of cattle shall be entitled to one representative on the Board. Section 1260.141(e)(2) provides that States that do not have total cattle inventories equal to or greater than 500,000 head shall be grouped, to the extent practicable, into geographically-contiguous units, each of which have a combined total inventory of not less than 500,000 head. Such grouped units are entitled to at least one representative on the Board. Each unit that has an additional 1 million head of cattle within a unit qualifies for additional representation on the Board as provided in § 1260.141(e)(4). As provided in § 1260.141(e)(3), importers are represented by a single unit, with the number of Board members based on a conversion of the total volume of imported cattle, beef, or beef products into live animal equivalencies.

The initial Board appointed in 1986 was composed of 113 members. Reapportionment, based on a 3-year average of cattle inventory numbers and import data, reduced the Board to 111 members in 1990 and 107 members in 1993 before the Board was increased to 111 members in 1996. The Board was decreased to 110 members in 1999, 108 members in 2001, 104 members in 2005, and increased to 106 members in 2009. This final rule will decrease the number of Board members from 106 to 103 with appointments for terms effective early in 2012.

The current Board representation by States or units was based on an average of the January 1, 2005, 2006, and 2007, inventory of cattle in the various States as reported by NASS. Current importer representation was based on a combined total average of the 2005, 2006, and 2007 live cattle imports as published by USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service and the average of the 2004, 2005, and 2006 live animal equivalents for imported beef products.

In considering reapportionment, the Board reviewed cattle inventories as well as cattle, beef, and beef product import data for the period of January 1, 2008, to January 1, 2010. The Board recommended that a 3-year average of cattle inventories and import numbers should be continued. The Board determined that an average of the January 1, 2008, 2009, and 2010, cattle inventory numbers would best reflect the number of cattle in each State or unit since publication of the last reapportionment rule published in 2008 (73 FR 60097).

The Board recommended the use of a combined total of the average of the 2008, 2009, and 2010, cattle import data and the average of the 2007, 2008, and 2009, live animal equivalents for imported beef products. The method used to calculate the total number of live animal equivalents was the same as that used in the previous reapportionment of the Board. The live animal equivalent weight was changed in 2006 from 509 pounds to 592 pounds.

The final rule decreases the number of representatives on the Board from 106 to 103. Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, and the Southeast Region will each lose one Board seat. Montana will gain a Board seat. The importers will lose two Board seats. The Southeast Region will be expanded to include Alabama, permitting the new unit three Board members. California and Nevada will be combined to form a Southwest unit.

The States and units affected by the reapportionment plan and the current and revised member representation per unit are as follows:

State/unitCurrent representationRevised representation
Alabama10
Kansas76
Nebraska76
Nevada10
California50
Southeast31 3
Importers97
Montana23
Southwest UnitN/A2 6
1 Lost one seat but added a seat with Alabama joining the unit.
2 California and Nevada.

On April 4, 2011, USDA published in the Federal Register (76 FR 18422) for public comment a proposed rule providing for the adjustment in Board membership. Comments were due to USDA by May 4, 2011.

USDA received five comments concerning the proposed rule for Board reapportionment. One commenter raised a number of points regarding the Board and the beef industry as a whole that are not pertinent to the proposal and therefore are not addressed. The commenter also suggested that the membership of the Board be limited to one member per State and that importers should not have members on the Board. Section 5 of the Act and section 1260.141 of the Order contain provisions that determine the structure of the Board based on cattle inventory. Therefore, USDA has not adopted this suggestion.

One commenter suggested that Checkoff collections would be a more appropriate value to use for apportioning Board seats and that Board seats could be determined by each State's total checkoff collections, less the amount returned to other States under the existing State-of-origin rules. Section 5 of the Act and Section 1260.141 of the Order contain provisions that determine the structure of the Board based on cattle inventory. Therefore, USDA has not adopted this suggestion.

One commenter offered support for the proposed rule but also suggested that USDA go further and ensure that Board representation reflect the diversity of interests of all ranchers, representing all sizes and make-ups of operations, and include representation from a multitude of organizations at both the State and national level as well as non-affiliated ranchers. Section 5 of the Act and Section 1260.141 of the Order contain provisions that determine the structure of the Board based on cattle inventory. Therefore, USDA has not adopted this suggestion. However, the Secretary of Agriculture remains committed to ensuring that the Board reflects diversity in the size of operations, experience of members, methods of production and distribution, marketing strategies, and other distinguishing factors that will bring different perspectives and ideas to the table. This communication has been distributed to all organizations that nominate members to the Board.

Two commenters stated their preference that California and Nevada not be combined, but understood that section 1260.141 of the Order provides for the action. The commenters further suggested that the Southwest Unit be dissolved when Nevada cattle numbers increase to appropriate levels. Section 1260.141 of the Order provides that at least every 3 years and not more than Start Printed Page 42014every 2 years, the Board shall review the geographic distribution of cattle inventories throughout the United States and the volume of imported cattle, beef, and beef products and, if warranted, shall reapportion units and/or modify the number of Board members from units in order to reflect the geographic distribution of cattle production volume in the United States and the volume of cattle, beef, or beef products imported into the United States. This comment is consistent with the provisions of the Order and will be considered in future proposals. The commenters also made a number of suggestions regarding the nomination of members within the proposed Southwest Unit. These suggestions are beyond the scope of the proposed rule and are not considered in the final rule.

It is found that good cause exists to make this rule effective less than 30 days after the date of publication in the Federal Register because this rule should be in effect as soon as possible for the Board appointments that will be effective early in the year 2012.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1260

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For reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 1260 is amended as follows:

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PART 1260—BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 2901-2911 and 7 U.S.C. 7401.

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2. In § 1260.141, paragraph (a) and the table immediately following it, are revised to read as follows:

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Membership of Board.

(a) Beginning with the 2011 Board nominations and the associated appointments effective early in the year 2012, the United States shall be divided into 37 geographical units and, 1 unit representing importers, for a total of 38 units. The number of Board members from each unit shall be as follows:

Cattle and Calves 1

State/unit1,000 headDirectors
1. Arizona9831
2. Arkansas1,8372
3. Colorado2,6503
4. Florida1,7102
5. Idaho2,1532
6. Illinois1,2001
7. Indiana8731
8. Iowa3,9334
9. Kansas6,3176
10. Kentucky2,3332
11. Louisiana8731
12. Michigan1,0801
13. Minnesota2,4072
14. Mississippi9571
15. Missouri4,2174
16. Montana2,5833
17. Nebraska6,3506
18. New Mexico1,5402
19. New York1,4101
20. North Carolina8331
21. North Dakota1,7632
22. Ohio1,2701
23. Oklahoma5,4175
24. Oregon1,2901
25. Pennsylvania1,6072
26. South Dakota3,7334
27. Tennessee2,0402
28. Texas13,50014
29. Utah8201
30. Virginia1,5302
31. Wisconsin3,3673
32. Wyoming1,3271
33. Northwest1
Alaska15
Hawaii151
Washington1,070
Total1,236
34. Northeast1
Connecticut50
Delaware21
Maine88
Massachusetts44
New Hampshire38
New Jersey37
Rhode Island5
Vermont267
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Total550
35. Mid-Atlantic1
Maryland192
West Virginia400
Total592
36. Southeast3
Alabama1,253
Georgia1,100
South Carolina385
Total2,738
37. Southwest6
California5,283
Nevada450
Total5,733
38. Importer 26,8877
1 2008, 2009, and 2010 average of January 1 cattle inventory data.
2 2007, 2008, and 2009 average of annual import data.
* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: July 12, 2011.

Rayne Pegg,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2011-17885 Filed 7-15-11; 8:45 am]

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