National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.
NMFS hereby implements measures approved in Amendment 15 to the Scallop FMP (Amendment 15), which was developed by the New England Fishery Management Council (Council). Amendment 15 was developed primarily to implement annual catch limits (ACLs) and accountability measures (AMs) to bring the Scallop FMP into compliance with requirements of the MSA as reauthorized in 2007. Amendment 15 includes additional measures recommended by the Council, including: A revision of the overfishing definition (OFD); modification of the essential fish habitat (EFH) closed areas under the Scallop FMP; adjustments to measures for the Limited Access General Category (LAGC) individual fishing quota (IFQ) fishery; adjustments to the scallop research set-aside (RSA) program; and additions to the list of measures that can be adjusted by framework adjustments. NMFS has disapproved a provision that would have allocated additional scallop catch to the LAGC fleet because it was not consistent with National Standard 1 and the ACL requirement of the MSA.
Effective July 21, 2011.
A final environmental impact statement (FEIS) was prepared for Amendment 15 that describes the proposed action and its alternatives and provides a thorough analysis of the impacts of proposed measures and their alternatives. Copies of Amendment 15, including the FEIS and the IRFA, are available from Paul J. Howard, Executive Director, New England Fishery Management Council, 50 Water Street, Newburyport, MA 01950. These documents are also available online at http://www.nefmc.org.
Written comments regarding the burden-hour estimates or other aspects of the collection-of-information requirements contained in this rule should be submitted to the Regional Administrator at the address above and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) by e-mail at OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov, or fax to (202) 395-7285.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Peter Christopher, Fishery Policy Analyst, phone (978) 281-9288, fax (978) 281-9135.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
In January 2007, the MSA was reauthorized and included a provision requiring each FMP to use ACLs to prevent overfishing, including measures to ensure accountability, should the ACLs be exceeded. For fishery resources that were determined to be subject to overfishing, the MSA requires that such measures be implemented by 2010. For fishery resources that are not subject to overfishing, such measures must be implemented by 2011. Scallop fishery management measures to comply with the MSA's ACL and AM requirements are required for 2011, because the scallop resource is not subject to overfishing. To meet this requirement, the Council initiated development of Amendment 15 on March 5, 2008, by publishing a Notice of Intent to develop Amendment 15 (73 FR 11888, March 5, 2008) and prepare an EIS to analyze the impacts of the proposed management alternatives. The Council intended that Amendment 15 would address three goals: (1) Bring the Scallop FMP into compliance with new requirements of the reauthorized MSA; (2) address excess capacity in the limited access (LA) scallop fishery; and (3) consider measures to adjust several aspects of the overall program to make the scallop FMP more effective. Following the public comment period that ended on August 23, 2010, the Council adopted Amendment 15 on September 29, 2010. The Council voted to adopt most of the measures proposed in the amendment except permit stacking and leasing alternatives, which had been designed to address excess capacity, after considering extensive written and oral public comment on the measures. Ultimately the Council rejected these measures due to concerns that the measures would have unacceptable negative economic and social impacts on the scallop fleet and fishing communities. The Notice of Availability (NOA) for Amendment 15 was published March 24, 2011 (76 FR 16595), with a comment period ending May 23, 2011. The proposed rule for Amendment 15 was published April 11, 2011 (76 FR 19929), with a comment period ending May 26, 2011.
This final rule implementing Amendment 15 establishes the mechanism for implementing ACLs and AMs, which in turn will generate scallop fishery specifications, including days-at-sea (DAS), access area trip allocations, and individual fishing quotas (IFQs). Amendment 15 does not include ACLs and fishery specifications. These specifications will be established through the separate action of Framework 22 to the FMP for fishing years (FYs) 2011, 2012, and 2013. Framework 22 includes specific measures that address the change from DAS, access areas, and trip allocations that became effective on March 1, 2011, to different allocations implemented under Framework 22. If Framework 22 is approved, a final rule implementing Framework 22 measures will be published shortly after publication of this final rule.
The Council reviewed the Amendment 15 proposed regulations as drafted by NMFS and deemed them to be necessary and appropriate as required by section 303(c) of the MSA.
NMFS has disapproved the proposed measure that would have allocated additional catch to the LAGC IFQ fleet if the limited access fleet's AM exception were implemented. The Council adopted, and NMFS has approved, a LA fleet AM exception that could exempt the LA fleet from its AM, even if the LA fleet exceeds its sub-ACL in a given FY. The exception will be implemented if the actual F for the total ACL is lower than the estimated F for the scallop fishery's ACL for that year, based on an evaluation by the Council's Scallop Plan Development Team (PDT) after the end of the fishing year. Estimated F could be higher than actual F if landings per unit effort (LPUE) had been underestimated relative to the status of the resource, so that the estimated F, and consequently the specified ACL, was inconsistent with actual resource conditions.
The Council also adopted a related measure that would have allocated additional catch to the LAGC IFQ fleet if the LA fleet's AM exception was enacted after the LA sub-ACL was exceeded, in a manner proportional to the LA fleet's overage. The Council's rationale was that, if the LA fleet did not have to have its AM triggered, the LAGC IFQ fleet should benefit in some way too (i.e., the LAGC IFQ fleet should also Start Printed Page 43747benefit from an underestimate of ABC/ACL based on the re-evaluation of F). Also, the Council was concerned that an inequity could occur because the LA fleet would have harvested more scallops than it was allocated, without being held accountable. Had the original F estimate been accurate, the “extra” scallops could have been distributed to both the LA and LAGC IFQ fleets in setting the allocations. To account for the inequity, the LAGC IFQ fleet would be allocated 5.5 percent of the LA fleet's overage of its sub-ACL. The additional allocation to the LAGC IFQ fleet would be distributed through adjustment of IFQs in the FY following the evaluation.
Under the LA fleet AM exception measure, the LA fleet could have exceeded its prescribed ACL, and could have unaccounted catch, but there would be a process for evaluating the overage relative to the F related to the total ACL (which is equal to the acceptable biological catch (ABC)). However, the proposed measure that would have allocated additional catch to the LAGC IFQ fleet if the AM exception is triggered would not have evaluated the reallocation relative to ABC, ACL, sub-ACLs, or the associated Fs, and therefore could have risked exceeding the ABC/ACL. Because the proposed AM exception would have been automatic, additional catch would have been allocated in the following FY without consideration of whether the additional catch would cause the overall ACL, or F associated with that ACL, to be exceeded when combined with total catch in that year. This is contrary to the Council's intent to build precaution into establishing ACLs and sub-ACLs in the fishery. As a result, this measure would risk overfishing. Because there is no assurance that allocating additional catch to the LAGC IFQ fleet would prevent overfishing, the measure is inconsistent with National Standard 1 of the MSA. The measure is also inconsistent with the MSA requirement at Section 303(a)(15) that FMPs “establish a mechanism for specifying ACLs in the plan * * * at a level such that overfishing does not occur in the fishery, including measures to ensure accountability.”
In addition, this substantive measure was added to Amendment 15 at the last Council meeting before adoption of Amendment 15 and, as such, is inconsistent with MSA and National Environmental Policy Act procedures because the process did not provide sufficient opportunity for full open public and Council consideration of the impacts of the measure and its implications on ACL management of the scallop fishery. NMFS has therefore disapproved the proposed measure.
Approved Management Measures
1. ACL Flow Chart
Amendment 15 establishes a method for accounting for all catch in the scallop fishery and includes designations of Overfishing Limit (OFL), ABC, ACLs, and Annual Catch Targets (ACT) for the scallop fishery, as well as scallop catch for the Northern Gulf of Maine (NGOM), incidental, and state waters catch components of the scallop fishery. The scallop fishery assessment will determine the exploitable biomass, including an assessment of discard and incidental mortality (mortality of scallops resulting from interaction, but not capture, in the scallop fishery). Based on the assessment, OFL is specified as the level of landings, and associated F that, above which, overfishing is occurring. OFL will account for landings of scallops in state waters by vessels without Federal scallop permits. The current assessment of the scallop fishery (SAW 50, 2010) determined that the F associated with the OFL is 0.38. Since discard and incidental mortality are accounted for in the scallop resource assessment and removed prior to setting ABC, the specification of ABC, ACL, and ACT; as well as the NGOM and incidental catch; are represented by landings as a proxy for catch. ACL will be equal to ABC, but to account for scientific uncertainty, ABC will be less than OFL, with an associated F that has a 25-percent probability of exceeding F associated with OFL (i.e., a 75-percent probability of being below the F associated with OFL). SAW 50 determined that the F associated with the ABC/ACL is 0.32. Catch from the NGOM is established at the ABC/ACL level, but will not be subtracted from ABC/ACL. Since the NGOM portion of the scallop fishery is not part of the scallop assessment, the catch will be added and specified as a separate Total Allowable Catch (TAC), in addition to ABC/ACL. After removing observer and RSA (1 percent of the ABC/ACL and 1.25 M lb (567 mt) (proposed in Amendment 15), respectively), Amendment 15 establishes separate sub-ACLs for the LA and LAGC fisheries. To account for management uncertainty, Amendment 15 establishes ACTs for each fleet. For the LA fleet, the ACT will have an associated F that has a 25-percent chance of exceeding ABC. The F associated with this ACT is currently estimated to be 0.28. For the LAGC fleet, the ACT will be set equal to the LAGC fleet's sub-ACL.
2. Modification of the OFD
Amendment 15 modifies the current OFD to provide for better management of the scallop fishery under area rotation. The Hybrid OFD combines the overfishing threshold from the status quo OFD for open areas with a time-averaged F approach for access areas. The F target in the open areas will be set at a level that is no higher than the overfishing threshold (currently F = 0.38). In access areas, it will be set annually at a level that results in F no higher than FMSY when averaged over time with the F in that access area, including times when the access area was closed. The combined target F for all areas can be no higher than that which gives a 25-percent probability of exceeding the F associated with ABC (F = 0.32), which is currently calculated to be F = 0.28, taking into account all sources of F in the scallop fishery.
The OFD and overfishing reference points that are replaced by the approved measures in Amendment 15 were based on the assumption that F is spatially uniform. In the scallop fishery this assumption was inaccurate, because of unfished biomass in closed areas, variable Fs in access areas, and spatially variable F in open areas. Under the replaced OFD, closed and access areas protected the scallop stock from recruitment overfishing, but growth overfishing could have occurred in the open areas because the OFD averaged spatially across open and closed areas (i.e., F is higher in open areas to compensate for the zero F in closed areas). The greater the fraction of scallops in the closed areas, the more ineffective the replaced OFD would become. Additionally, when more biomass is within closed areas, the estimated whole-stock F may be more sensitive to recruitment and measurement error than to changes in effort. Therefore, while the replaced OFD was consistent with MSA requirements, and was effective at keeping the scallop fishery above the overfished level and preventing overfishing overall, certain resource and fishery conditions as described above reduced the effectiveness of the FMP. The approved OFD in Amendment 15 better reflects conditions of the fishery.
3. OFD Reference Points
The previous OFD stated that FMAX will be used as a proxy for FMSY. However, SAW 50 approved a direct estimate of FMSY. Therefore, Amendment 15 replaces the previous BMAX and FMAX with BMSY and FMSY. Final results from SAW 50 were available in August 2010, and both the Start Printed Page 43748Scallop Committee and the Council's Scientific and Statistical Committee (SSC) reviewed the results and agreed that the OFD should be updated to reflect new biological reference points based on BMSY and FMSY. Under Amendment 15, the new OFD shall read:
If stock biomass is equal or greater than BMSY as measured by an absolute value of scallop meat (mt) (estimated in 2009 at 125,358 mt scallop meat in the Georges Bank (GB) and Mid-Atlantic resource areas), overfishing occurs when F exceeds FMSY, currently estimated as 0.38. If the total stock biomass is below BMSY, overfishing occurs when F exceeds the level that has a 50-percent probability to rebuild stock biomass to BMSY in 10 years. The scallop stock is in an overfished condition when stock biomass is below 1/2 BMSY, and in that case overfishing occurs when F is above a level expected to rebuild in 5 years, or above zero when the stock is below 1/4 BMSY.
The changes to the OFD also require revisions of the current framework provisions in the scallop fishery regulations at § 648.55. Under the previous OFD, the framework adjustment process included provisions that ensure that measures achieve optimum yield (OY) on a continuing basis. These provisions were established as part of Amendment 10 to the FMP because of the potential inconsistency between rotational area management and use of a spatially-average OFD, whereby open area F may be elevated relative to the condition of the resource in open areas, thus preventing OY from being achieved. Because the approved OFD drastically reduces the risk of inappropriate open area fishing levels, due to application of the threshold F to drive open area fishing levels, the framework provisions specifically designed to adjust Council recommendations to ensure that OY is achieved are no longer necessary.
4. Scientific Uncertainty and ABC Control Rule
Amendment 15 includes two different assessments of scientific uncertainty, based on the following scientific parameters that are utilized in scallop resource and fishery assessments:
- Maturity and fecundity;
- Shell height/meat weight relationship;
- Natural mortality;
- Catch data;
- Discards and discard mortality;
- Incidental mortality;
- Commercial shell height data;
- Commercial and survey gear selectivity;
- Commercial and survey dredge efficiency;
- Stock-recruitment relationship; and
- Density dependence.
The first assessment of scientific uncertainty is qualitative and is based on the level of uncertainty, importance, and effect of the parameters. Uncertainty, importance, and effect of the parameters on the scallop resource and fishery assessment are characterized numerically on a scale of low to high. This first assessment of scientific uncertainty provides managers with an indication of the overall level of scientific uncertainty, which would help determine a buffer between the OFL and ABC. The Council concluded in Amendment 15 that scientific uncertainty in the scallop resource and fishery is low.
The second assessment of scientific uncertainty enables the Council to establish ABC that has a low risk of exceeding OFL. Based on the parameters for determining scientific uncertainty, an analytical model developed by the Council's Scallop PDT specifies the probability of exceeding the OFL at a specified F associated with the corresponding catch level. Using this model, and given the overall low level of scientific uncertainty, the ABC control rule sets ABC at a level that has a 25-percent probability of exceeding OFL (i.e., a 75-percent probability that it will not exceed OFL). This value can be modified through the framework adjustment process.
5. State Waters Catch, NGOM TAC, and Incidental Catch
Scallop catch from state waters by vessels not issued a Federal scallop permit is a relatively small component of overall scallop catch, and the scallop resource in state waters is not part of the Federal scallop resource survey. To account for scallop landings from state waters, the Councils Scallop PDT will estimate landings annually, based on available state waters landings information, and include it in the specification of OFL. The amount of scallop landings in state waters will then be specified as a separate level of landings that will be compared to actual landings each year, and adjusted as necessary in subsequent years. This component of overall catch is not specified as an ACL and has no associated AM, since there is no Federal authority to adjust catch by vessels without a Federal permit.
Scallop catch in the NGOM will be specified similar to state waters scallop catch, except that the NGOM landings level will be based on historical landings or available resource surveys in the NGOM, and will be included in the specification of ABC. While there is no Federal survey in the NGOM, independent surveys have been conducted and, if continued, would provide survey information for NGOM landings specifications each year. Although this component of overall scallop catch is not formally an ACL, an overage will be accounted for in the subsequent FY through a reduction of the landings limit that is equal to the overage from the prior FY.
Incidental catch has been estimated to be 50,000 lb (24,948 kg), and data continue to support this value, based on historical and predicted landing levels. Incidental catch will be removed from ABC prior to establishing the research and observer set-asides and ACLs for the LA and LACG IFQ fleets. This component of overall scallop catch does not have a specific AM, but if incidental catch is higher than predicted, the landings limit will be adjusted in the subsequent FY(s) by removing more incidental catch from ABC.
6. Separate ACLs for the LA and LAGC IFQ Fleets as Sub-ACLs
The LA and LAGC IFQ fleets will be allocated landings as sub-ACLs of the overall scallop fishery ACL with the same allocation values that were established under Amendment 11 to the FMP: LA vessels will be allocated 94.5 percent of the ABC/ACL landings; and LAGC IFQ vessels will be allocated 5.5 percent of the ABC/ACL landings. Both allocations will be made after deducting incidental catch and research and observer set-asides from ABC. Sub-ACLs were established for these two fleets so that AMs would be based on each fleet's harvest relative to its own ACL, without requiring that one fleet would be penalized for an overage of the other. Both fleets will have carryover provisions and RSA catch can be carried over into the subsequent FY. For the purpose of accounting relative to ABC and ACL, landings from carryover DAS, IFQ, or TAC will apply to the FY in which they are landed (i.e., not to the FY for which they were allocated).
7. Management Uncertainty and ACT
Amendment 15 specifies that management uncertainty in the scallop fishery mainly results from the uncertainty associated with carryover DAS, vessel upgrades and replacements, and open area catch under DAS. The uncertainty associated with these measures results from a difference between estimated vessel efficiency and LPUE, and realized efficiency and LPUE during the course of the FY. Management uncertainty for the LAGC IFQ fleet is considered very low because it would result from landings in excess Start Printed Page 43749of a vessel's IFQ, which can be audited and accounted for through data reviews each year. Although ACT can be specified for the LAGC fishery, it will be set equal to the fleet's ACL initially, unless revised by the Council. An ACT for the LA fleet to account for management uncertainty will be set at a level with an associated F that has a 25-percent probability of exceeding ABC, which is currently 0.28.
8. AMs for the LA Fleet
The primary AM for the LA fleet requires a DAS reduction for the fleet in open areas that will approximate the catch overage of the ACT. Using the ACT for determining the overage is designed to account for management uncertainty and to better prevent vessels from exceeding the fleet's ACL. The DAS reduction will be distributed evenly to limited access vessels. For example, an overage of 1.5 million lb (680 mt) would have a DAS equivalent of 625 DAS, based on an LPUE of 2,400 lb (1.1 mt) per DAS. Divided across 327 full-time vessels, the DAS reduction per vessel would be 1.9 DAS. Part time vessel DAS would be reduced by 0.76 DAS (40 percent of the full time deduction) and occasional vessel DAS would be reduced by 0.16 DAS (1/12th of the full time deduction). Part-time and occasional proportional deductions are consistent with the way that DAS are assigned in the fishery. The AM will take effect in the FY following the FY in which the ACL was exceeded. Since the AM will apply mid-year, vessels may have already used more DAS in that FY than are ultimately allocated after applying the AM. If this occurs, a vessel that exceeds the DAS it is allocated after the AM is applied will have the amount of DAS used in excess of the vessel's final DAS allocation after the AM is applied deducted from its DAS allocation in the subsequent FY. For example, if a vessel initially allocated 32 DAS in FY 2011 uses all 32 DAS prior to application of the AM, and after application of the AM, the vessel's DAS allocation is reduced to 31 DAS, the vessel's DAS in FY 2012 would be reduced by 1 DAS.
9. LA Fleet AM Exception
Even if the ACL is exceeded, the F associated with the fleet's ACL may not be exceeded if, in retrospect, some of the assumptions for determining the ACL, such as LPUE relative to the status of the resource or the biomass were underestimated. Since the overall goal of the ACL is to ensure that F limits are not exceeded, enacting an AM may not be necessary if the F limits are not exceeded. To address this, Amendment 15 includes an exception provision that will stop the AM from taking effect if, in an analysis of the preceding FY before the AM goes into effect, the actual F for the scallop fishery in the prior FY was one standard deviation (currently estimated to be 0.04) below the overall F for the scallop fishery's ACL (i.e., the total ACL set equal to ABC). With an F=0.32 for the ACL, one standard deviation below would be F=0.28. If the fishery's actual F is below 0.28, the AM would not be implemented. However, if the fishery's actual F is 0.28 or above, the AM would take effect. When fishery data are available after the FY ends, and before the AM takes effect, the Scallop PDT will evaluate fishery and resource information, determine the F, and recommend, through the Council, whether or not the AM should be implemented. To ensure compliance with applicable laws, the Regional Administrator has discretion to implement the exception or implement the AM in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), after considering the Council's recommendation.
The application of the AM described in item 8 above, and the AM exception described in this item 9, will be considered at the same time to ensure that multiple adjustments of DAS do not occur in the same FY, if possible. The decision to implement the AM or the AM exception will be made by the Regional Administrator on or about September 30 of each year.
10. AM for the LAGC IFQ Fleet
If an LAGC vessel exceeds its IFQ, its IFQ will be reduced by the amount equal to the overage as soon as possible in the FY immediately following the FY in which the IFQ overage occurred. Since the AM will apply mid-year, vessels may have already used more IFQ in that FY than is ultimately allocated after applying the AM. If this occurs, a vessel that exceeds the IFQ it is allocated after the AM is applied will have the amount of IFQ landed in excess of the vessel's final IFQ allocation after the AM is applied deducted from its IFQ allocation in the subsequent FY. For example, a vessel with an initial IFQ of 1,000 lb (453.6 kg) in 2010 landed 1,200 lb (544.3 kg) of scallops in FY 2010, and is initially allocated 1,300 lb (589.7 kg) of scallops in FY 2011. That vessel would be subject to an IFQ reduction equal to 200-lb (90.7-kg) to account for the 200 lb (90.7 kg) overage in FY 2010. If that vessel lands 1,300 lb (589.7 kg) of scallops in FY 2011 prior to application of the 200 lb (90.7 kg) deduction as the AM, the vessel would be subject to a deduction of 200 lb (90.7 kg) in FY 2012.
For vessels involved in a temporary IFQ transfer, the entire deduction will apply to the vessel that acquired IFQ, not the transferring vessel. A vessel that has an overage that exceeds its IFQ in the subsequent FY will be subject to an IFQ reduction in subsequent years until the overage is paid back. For example, a vessel with an IFQ of 1,000 lb (454 kg) in each FY over a 3-year period, that harvests 2,500 lb (1,134 kg) of scallops the first year will have a 1,500-lb (680-kg) IFQ deduction, so that it would have zero pounds to harvest in year-2, and 500 lb (227 kg) to harvest in year-3. A vessel that has a “negative” IFQ balance, as described in the example, can lease or transfer IFQ to balance the IFQ, provided there are no sanctions or other enforcement penalties that would prohibit the vessel from acquiring IFQ.
Applying the AM to an individual vessel's IFQ was considered appropriate because individual vessel overages of IFQ will be the only cause of exceeding the ACL for the IFQ fleet. A vessel that has an overage in one FY that exceeds its entire IFQ in the subsequent FY will be required to take IFQ reductions in subsequent years until the overage is paid back. For example, a vessel with an IFQ of 1,000 lb (454 kg) in each FY over a 3-year period, that harvests 2,500 lb (1,134 kg) of scallops the first year, will have a 1,500-lb (680-kg) IFQ deduction, so that it will have zero pounds to harvest in year-2, and 500 lb (227 kg) to harvest in year-3. A vessel that has a “negative” IFQ balance, as described in the example, can lease IFQ to balance the IFQ, provided there are no sanctions or other enforcement actions that would prohibit the vessel from acquiring IFQ. These automatic IFQ deductions do not excuse a vessel from any enforcement actions that may be applicable for the overage. The Council determined that this individual-vessel AM would be more equitable than penalizing others in the fleet for single-vessel overages. The Council did incorporate ACT into the LAGC IFQ fleet allocation, but chose not to apply any management uncertainty buffer for the fleet at this time. This can be adjusted through the framework process if an ACT is needed to address management uncertainty.
11. Yellowtail Flounder (YTF) Sub-ACL
To account for YTF catch in the scallop fishery, Amendment 15 establishes sub-ACLs (called “sub” ACLs to reflect that these ACLs are part of the overall ACL established in the NE Multispecies FMP) for the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic (SNE/MA) Start Printed Page 43750and GB YTF sub-ACLs for the scallop fishery. The amount of YTF estimated to be harvested annually will depend on the scallop DAS and access area allocations, and can be adjusted through the NE Multispecies FMP framework adjustment process.
12. YTF Sub-ACL AM
Areas within the GB and SNE/MA YTF stock areas that have been pre-identified will close to scallop fishing in the FY following a FY in which the YTF sub-ACL for the scallop fishery is exceeded. These areas were identified in Amendment 15 as the statistical areas that have high bycatch of YTF in the scallop fishery. For the GB YTF stock, the closure will be in statistical area 562, which extends from just west of Closed Area II (CAII), through that closed area, and to the southeast of that closed area. In addition, a small portion of statistical area 525 within the CAII access area will also be closed. For the SNE/MA YTF stock, statistical areas 537, 539, and 613 will close under the YTF AM. Coordinates of these YTF AM closed areas are included in the proposed regulations in this proposed rule. A chart depicting the areas is in the Amendment 15 FEIS (see ADDRESSES). The Council decided that the statistical areas included in each YTF AM will close to LA vessels only; LAGC vessels are exempt from these closures if fishing in an exempted area authorized under the NE Multispecies FMP, because these exemptions were created because bycatch of YTF in the LAGC fishery was estimated to be low. However, any YTF catch by LAGC vessels as they continue to fish will count toward that stock area's sub-ACL for the scallop fishery (and will contribute to an overage of the sub-ACL for the scallop fishery). The YTF closure AM will be effective in the scallop FY directly following the year in which the YTF sub-ACL is exceeded. By January 15 of each year, NMFS will determine whether the YTF sub-ACL is expected to (or has been) exceeded that FY. NMFS will announce the closure to the scallop fleet as soon as possible following the determination, and the closure would take effect on March 1. The Council also specified that if the scallop fishery exceeds its YTF allocation in FY 2010 (specified under the NE Multispecies FMP), and that causes the entire applicable YT ACL to be exceeded for FY 2010, the scallop fishery will be subject to the applicable YTF AM. To implement the YTF AM for FY 2011, NMFS would have had to determine the length of the closure as specified below, beginning when Amendment 15 is effective. However, NMFS determined through analysis of FY 2010 catch and fishery data that the scallop fishery did cause the overall YTF ACL to be exceeded. The AM for 2011 is therefore not necessary. For the 2012 fishing year and beyond, the YTF closure AM areas will remain closed for the length of time specified in the following tables, and will be in place for one FY only:
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|3-5||March through April.|
|6-8||March through May.|
|9-12||March through June.|
|13-14||March through July.|
|15||March through August.|
|16||March through September.|
|17||March through October.|
|18||March through November.|
|19||March through January.|
|20 and higher||March through February.|
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|1||March through May.|
|2-24||March through June.|
|25-38||March through July.|
|39-57||March through August.|
|58-63||March through September.|
|64-65||March through October.|
|66-68||March through November.|
|69||March through December.|
|70 and higher||March through February.|
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|1||March through May.|
|2||March through June.|
|3||March through July.|
|4-5||March through August.|
|6 and higher||March through February.|
13. Monitoring the YTF Sub-ACL
In order to more effectively monitor YTF bycatch in open areas, the daily vessel monitoring system (VMS) catch report that is currently required in access areas only is required for all scallop trips in all areas. Vessel operators are required to report the following information: Fishing vessel trip report (FVTR) serial number; date fish caught; total pounds of scallop meats kept; total pounds of YTF kept; total pounds of YTF discarded; and total pounds of all other fish kept. Vessels are required to submit VMS catch reports for every day fished by 9:00 a.m. of the day following the day on which fishing occurred, consistent with access area catch reporting.
14. LAGC IFQ Vessel Possession Limit Increase
IFQ scallop vessels are allowed to harvest 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked scallops or 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip, an increase of 200 lb (90.7 kg) or 25 bu (8.8 hL) per trip from the previous 400-lb (181.4-kg) or 50-bu (17.6-hL) possession/trip limit. This measure addresses concerns that the previous possession limit was not economically feasible due to increased costs. The new 600-lb (272.2-kg) possession limit is not expected to change the “small boat” nature of the LAGC fishery, and remains consistent with the Council's vision for LAGC vessels, while enabling vessel owners to maintain profits under rising costs. The increase is also consistent with the conservation objectives of the FMP because of landings are constrained by the IFQ allocations.
15. IFQ Carryover
An IFQ vessel that has unused IFQ at the end of the FY can carry over its unused IFQ, up to 15 percent of the IFQ issued to the vessel, including transferred IFQ, for that FY into the next FY. Any IFQ that was leased, but not used, by a vessel can also be carried over by the vessel that acquired the IFQ (for monitoring and accounting purposes, leased-in IFQ is used first, in the order acquired). For accounting purposes, the combined total of all vessels' IFQ carryover will be added to the LAGC IFQ fleet's applicable ACL for the FY in which the carryover IFQ is allocated. Any IFQ carried over that is landed will be counted against the ACL as increased by the total carryover for all LAGC IFQ vessels. Carryover will retroactively apply to unused FY 2010 IFQ and FY 2011 IFQs will be adjusted.
16. Increase the IFQ Vessel Cap to 2.5 Percent
The 2-percent IFQ cap per vessel is increased to 2.5 percent of the total LAGC IFQ sub-ACL allocation to allow more flexibility and promote efficiency for vessels in fishing IFQs available to them. The 2.5-percent IFQ cap does not apply to IFQ vessels that also are issued a LA scallop permit. IFQ that is carried over does not contribute to the vessel's 2.5-percent IFQ cap because the Start Printed Page 43751carryover is a temporary increase of the vessel's IFQ based on under-harvest the prior year. Because there is also a 5-percent overall cap on how much IFQ one entity may own, a vessel owner can own only two vessels to meet the 5-percent ownership cap. This alternative provides more flexibility to vessel owners to more effectively and efficiently fish their IFQs.
17. Permanent IFQ Transfers Separate From LAGC IFQ Permit
LAGC IFQ permit owners may permanently transfer some or all of their IFQ and its IFQ contribution percentage, independent of their IFQ permit, to another LAGC IFQ permit holder while retaining the permit itself. This measure enables vessel owners additional flexibility to buy or sell IFQ without impacting other permits on their vessel. This allowance only applies to IFQ permit holders that do not also have a LA scallop permit to prevent crossover of IFQ allocations between the two IFQ fleets that have separate allocations.
18. Revision of the EFH Closed Areas
To establish compatibility with the NE Multispecies FMP, Amendment 15 modifies the EFH closed areas in the Scallop FMP by removing the four EFH closed areas that were implemented in Amendment 10 to the Scallop FMP, and replaces them with EFH closed areas that are identical to the EFH closed areas implemented under the NE Multispecies FMP. These areas are the Closed Area I (CAI), CAII, Nantucket Lightship Closed Area (NLCA), and Western Gulf of Maine, Jeffrey's Bank, and Cashes Ledge Habitat Closed Areas. Coordinates for these areas are provided in the regulations in this final rule. A chart depicting these areas is in the FEIS for Amendment 15 (see ADDRESSES). These areas are closed to scallop fishing (and closed to all mobile bottom-tending gear under the NE Multispecies FMP) to minimize the adverse impacts of scallop fishing. This change in the EFH closed areas under the Scallop FMP makes the EFH closed areas consistent between the Scallop FMP and the NE Multispecies FMP, as intended under Joint Frameworks 16 to the Scallop FMP and 39 to the NE Multispecies FMP (Joint Framework 16/39) (69 FR 63460, November 2, 2004). With inconsistent areas, the scallop access areas in CAI, CAII, and the NLCA were inconsistent with the area rotation program established under the Scallop FMP because they were restricted to areas smaller than designed. These areas were originally implemented under Joint Framework 16/39, but were vacated by a Federal Court order resulting from a lawsuit on that action. That order specified that the EFH closed areas could only be changed through an FMP amendment. The EFH closed areas in this final rule address the inconsistency while the Council continues to develop EFH measures under Phase 2 of its Omnibus EFH Amendment. In addition, the access areas in CAI and the NLCA have been changed to reflect the revised boundaries, and are now consistent with the original area rotation strategy implemented under Amendment 10 to the FMP and Joint Framework 16/39.
19. Establish Third-Year Default Measures Through the Biennial Framework Process
Fishery specifications in the scallop fishery are generally set every 2 yr, through the biennial framework adjustment process. This measure extends the fishery specification process to include a third year of allocation measures that would be effective if subsequent framework actions are delayed. Currently, measures from the prior FY roll over to the next FY while the implementation of the new set of management measures is pending, but the measures that roll over are often not appropriate for the status of the resource because they were established specific to the resource conditions in the prior (second) year. By setting the measures for the third year in the framework, the measures are more likely to be appropriate for the condition of the fishery and resource. Third-year measures will need to be set with sufficient precaution to take into account the uncertainty associated with projections for the third year. The third-year measures would be superseded by the measures developed in the biennial framework adjustment for that year as soon as it is implemented.
20. New Frameworkable Measures
The following measures are added to the current list of measures that can be adjusted under the Scallop FMP by framework action.
Modify the LAGC possession limit: The possession limit for LAGC vessels can be modified upward or downward by framework action. The intent of this measure is that any modification of the possession limit would not modify the nature of the LAGC fleet and would be consistent with the Council's vision to maintain a small-vessel fleet under LAGC provisions. While the Council specified in the Amendment 15 document that the possession-limit adjustments could be done for IFQ vessels, it also determined that the regulations should specify that possession limit adjustments could be made through the framework process for all LAGC vessels, including LAGC NGOM and Incidental vessels.
Adjustment to aspects of ACL management: All of the ACL-related measures specified in this action can be modified through framework actions including: Definitions and specification of OFL, ABC, ACLs and ACTs, all of which are specifically intended to be changed in future frameworks or specification packages as new information becomes available about the resource and fishery; buffers identified for management uncertainty or scientific uncertainty (ABC control rule); AMs for scallop ACLs and other sub-ACLs allocated to the scallop fishery; monitoring and reporting requirements associated with ACLs; timing of AM measures; and adoption of sub-ACLs for other species that are not currently part of this program.
Adjusting EFH Closed Area Management Boundaries
The framework action proposing the boundary change will include an analysis of the impacts of the specific boundaries considered. This additional framework authority will not allow adoption of new EFH closed areas.
Adjusting RSA Allocation
Under Amendment 15, 1.25 million lb (567 mt) of scallops is set aside annually for scallop RSA projects, regardless of the total projected catch for the fishery. In the future, the value could be increased or decreased by framework action.
21. Changes to the Scallop RSA Program
Amendment 15 contains several adjustments designed to improve the RSA Program so that it is more efficient, and so that awards under the Federal grants process can be provided near or before the start of the scallop FY on March 1.
Announce (Publish) Federal Funding Opportunity (FFO) as Early as Possible
The announcement of the FFO will be published as soon as possible in the year preceding the year in which research would be conducted. If this results in more timely reviewing and processing of awards, this will maximize time for research and compensation trips before the end of the FY. This will be facilitated by the Amendment 15 proposal to allocate 1.25 M lb (567 mt) to RSA program annually (see below).
Enable Multi-Year Awards
Previously, research priorities, TACs for RSAs, and approved research Start Printed Page 43752projects were limited to 1 yr. Under Amendment 15, RSA proposals and compensation may span up to 2 yr, corresponding with the biennial framework process. Projects could be awarded for 1 or 2 yr. Applicants can apply for RSA for the first year, second year, or both. This measure increases flexibility for the applicant, provides funding for some longer term projects, and potentially reduces time and resources spent on the application and review process.
Establish RSA Allocation as a Fixed Amount of Pounds Rather Than a Percent of Total Catch
Previously, 2 percent of access area TACs and open area DAS were set aside for the Scallop RSA Program. TAC and DAS vary depending on the total TAC and DAS for the fishery. Amendment 15 modifies the Scallop RSA Program so that 1.25 M lb (567 mt) is set aside for the Scallop RSA Program. In addition, open area RSA will be awarded in pounds rather than DAS. Total projected catch for the fishery may vary from year to year, but the amount of catch set-aside for research will be constant at 1.25 M lb (567 mt), unless changed through a framework adjustment. Assuming a projected catch of about 50 million lb (22,680 mt) for the fishery, 1.25 M lb (567 mt) equals about 2.5 percent. This is higher than recent levels to recognize the importance of research and scallop resource surveys for the success of the area rotation program, but it does not create a separate pool of RSA for scallop resource surveys.
Allocating this fixed amount should enable the grant awards to be issued earlier, because the amount of TAC available for research will be known in advance and will not change from year to year. The specific areas that will have available RSA would be identified in the framework, but RSA awards can still be made before approval of the framework, based on total scallop pounds needed to fund the research. Recipients could either choose to wait until NMFS approval of the framework to begin compensation fishing within approved access areas, or could begin compensation fishing in open areas prior to approval of the framework. The intent is to help improve timeliness of the scallop RSA program. This should only be an issue for the first year of a framework, because area-specific RSA pounds will be known for the second year of the framework action.
Rollover of Unused RSA Pounds To Compensate Awarded Projects
If updated analyses suggest that the price per pound estimates used in the FFO were low, and if all the scallop RSA TAC is not allocated, NMFS can allocate unused TAC to compensate awarded projects or to expand a project rather than having that RSA go unused. If there is RSA TAC available after all awards are made, a project that was already awarded RSA would be permitted to apply for additional TAC to expand its research project or for compensation if the actual scallop price per pound was less than estimated. The implementation details of this were not specified in Amendment 15. This provision enables NMFS to provide the opportunity for this reallocation of available RSA pounds as part of the original FFO for the project. The FFO will specify the conditions under which a project that has been awarded RSA could be provided additional RSA pounds as supplemental compensation to account for lower-than-expected scallop price or for expansion of the approved project.
Extension for Harvesting RSA Compensation
Previously all RSA TAC had to be harvested by the end of the FY for which it is awarded. Amendment 15 allows an RSA award recipient to harvest RSA compensation TAC for up to 3 months (i.e., prior to June 1) into the subsequent FY. Allowing vessels involved in RSA projects to harvest RSA TAC into the next FY provides flexibility for participating vessels and researchers, and is consistent with carryover provisions for the fishery as a whole.
Specify Regulations From Which RSA Projects Would Be Exempt
This final rule establishes a list of the scallop management measures from which RSA funded projects may be exempt. The researcher will need to list the measures the project is proposed to be exempt from in the RSA proposal. The researcher will not need to apply for an exempted fishing permit (EFP) to be exempt from the following restrictions: Crew restrictions; seasonal closures in access areas; and the requirement to return to port if fishing in more than one area. These exemptions will be issued by the Regional Administrator through a letter of authorization. The exemptions will be issued for research trips under the applicable RSA project. RSA compensation fishing trips are not eligible for exemption from these restrictions because compensation trips are intended only to provide researchers with the ability to collect funds through normal fishing operations.
Increase Public Input on RSA Proposals
Although the Council recommended that the Council's Scallop Advisory Panel members play a more prominent role in setting research priorities and reviewing proposals, no regulations implementing this suggestion are necessary. NMFS will seek more input from the Council's Scallop Advisors through the next solicitation for scallop RSA proposals. Review of RSA projects under the Federal grants program is limited to individuals that do not have any relationship to or vested interest in the proposed research.
Comments and Responses
Nine relevant comment letters were received on Amendment 15 and its proposed rule. Four addressed the regulatory text included in the proposed rule, with the rest addressing other topics.
Comment 1: Comments from five individuals focused on the qualification criteria for the LAGC scallop fishery. Commenters believed that the qualification period of 2000 through 2004 unfairly eliminated vessels from the fishery that had a history of fishing for scallops after 2004.
Response: The LAGC fishery was implemented through Amendment 11 and its measures were previously available for public comment prior to its approval. While Amendment 15 does include measures affecting the LAGC fishery, they are not related to the original qualification criteria or development of the IFQ program.
Comment 2: One commenter states that all species, including scallops, are overfished, and that NMFS gathers its stock information purely from the fishing industry.
Response: NMFS has partially approved Amendment 15 because it is consistent with the MSA and promotes a sustainable scallop fishery that will be available to future generations. Comments that scallops are overfished and that the only data used to assess stocks is provided by the fishing industry are inaccurate, and not relevant to the measures included in Amendment 15.
LAGC Trip Limits
Comment 3: One commenter opposed raising the trip limits for the LAGC IFQ fleet. The commenter believes that the small-boat nature of the fishery could be Start Printed Page 43753compromised and the LAGC IFQ fleet would begin to resemble the limited access fleet.
Response: LAGC IFQ vessels are limited individually by their yearly allocation and by a cap of 2.5 percent of the overall quota. The 600-lb (272.2-kg) possession limit is expected to increase efficiency for some IFQ vessels and should enable vessel owners to better offset rising trip costs. Raising the daily trip limits for LAGC vessels from 400 lb (181.4 kg) to 600 lb (272.2 kg) is unlikely to change the small-boat nature of the IFQ fishery. The Council was concerned about this as well and rejected higher possession limits as a result.
Comment 4: One commenter stated that he has been reduced from a 400 lb (181.4 kg) trip limit to a 40 lb (18.1 kg) trip limit. He requested that the trip limit be raised to 250 lb (113.4 kg) for general category permits.
Response: It appears that the commenter is commenting on the LAGC incidental catch (IC) permit, which has a 40-lb (18.1-kg) trip limit. The LAGC IC trip limit was implemented through Amendment 11, and its measures were previously available for public comment prior to its approval. While Amendment 15 includes measures pertaining to the LAGC IFQ trip limit, they are not related to the IC permit.
Comment 5: One commenter questioned raising the trip limits for the LAGC IFQ fleet. The commenter asked why, after significantly reducing the number of boats in the LAGC IFQ fleet (through the LAGC qualification process), the trip limits are being raised. He believes that the possibility of higher trip limits should have equated to flexibility in the form of a hardship clause associated with the LAGC IFQ qualification process.
Response: The inclusion of a hardship clause in the LAGC qualification process was discussed by the Council during public hearings in the process of creating Amendment 11, and it was eventually not adopted. The change in LAGC IFQ trip limits in Amendment 15 is not related to the decrease in the number of general category vessels and, as such, has no relation to the possibility of a hardship clause associated with the LAGC IFQ qualification process.
ACLs and AMs
Comment 6: Oceana contended that Amendment 15 fails to account for incidental catch of a variety of species. They stated that the Council failed to include enough species in the FMP for ACL management, and that other species, like sponges and starfish, should be included as ecosystem component species. Oceana commented that, by not considering the inclusion of a wider range of species in the Scallop FMP, the Council failed to comply with requirements of the MSA and failed to comply with procedural and analytical requirements of NEPA and the MSA. Oceana also commented that the Council acted arbitrarily and capriciously in excluding additional species and in establishing the 5-percent catch level criteria for considering inclusion of non-target species in the Scallop FMP.
Response: Oceana has commented similarly on other ACL amendments. In a pending lawsuit on similar grounds, Oceana has also challenged the approval and implementation of Amendment 16 to the NE Multispecies FMP. ACLs must be established for each managed species to prevent or end overfishing and the MSA guidelines for implementing ACLs allow but do not mandate the Council, at its discretion, to designate other species as target, non-target species, or ecosystem components, if appropriate. The only species that the Council identified as a non-target species with a sub-ACL is YTF, and the Council's justification for such a decision is sound. YTF is historically one of the highest non-target catches in the scallop fishery. While other species are caught in the scallop fishery, they are not caught at the same level as YTF. The Mid-Atlantic Council has proposed ACLs for summer flounder, which are also caught in the scallop fishery. However, all other species caught are reported and information on catch is available for analysis to determine if additional management measures for such species are needed under the Scallop FMP. The Council has determined that the primary FMP will establish ACLs for the target species, and that AMs will be borne by the fishery that targets the fish, even if that means that the scallop fishery has triggered the AM. The Council used this rationale to recommend the 5-percent threshold for establishing sub-ACLs in the Scallop FMP. Although Oceana disagrees with this approach, this decision by the Council is sound and in compliance with the MSA.
Comment 7: FSF commented that the approach to specification-setting based on the ACL flow chart and establishing scientific uncertainty are overly cautious and can prevent the achievement of OY. FSF expressed concern that the analytical model that determines the reduction from OFL to ABC based on scientific uncertainty has many “less than rigorous” qualitative assumptions. FSF supports making changes to the ABC control rule frameworkable and recommended that the Council and NMFS revisit the formula in the near term to ensure that the fishery's optimum yield is achieved.
Response: The PDT developed the mechanism for evaluating the risk of exceeding OFL over the course of several meetings. The SSC ultimately approved the PDT's uncertainty mechanism. As such, this approach is based on best available science. It establishes a sufficient level of precaution in managing the scallop fishery under ACLs while providing catch levels that are similar to status quo management. If and when new scientific information becomes available, it will be incorporated into the assessment of the scallop resource and fishery, and the evaluation of risk associated with scientific uncertainty.
Comment 8: The Fisheries Survival Fund (FSF) strongly opposed provisions that would re-distribute catch allocation to the LAGC fleet if the limited access fleet's AM exception is enacted. FSF stated that this provision was not properly developed or analyzed, and was added to Amendment 15 in the “final hour” of deliberation. Further, FSF believes that this reallocation raises concerns about the lack of precautionary measures in the LAGC fishery that would be equivalent to establishing the ACT for the limited access fleet.
Response: NMFS agrees with FSF's concerns about this measure and this measure has been disapproved for the reasons stated above.
Comment 9: FSF commented that the AM exception trigger level of F = 0.24 is incorrect and that under the AM exception, the F associated with the catch by LA vessels should be evaluated against the overall ACL, not the sub-ACL for the LA fleet.
Response: This trigger level was incorrect in the proposed rule and the error has been corrected in this final rule. The mistake occurred because the Amendment 15 document referred to current F reference points that would be increased under Amendment 15. The increased threshold, in particular the ABC/ACL F = 0.32 (as opposed to the current F = 0.28 threshold), means that the AM exception trigger should be set at 0.28 instead of 0.24. The Amendment 15 document is clear that the AM would not take effect if the F associated with the limited access fishery's catch is lower than the F associated with the whole fishery's ACL (i.e., the ACL for the limited access and LAGC fleets combined).
Comment 10: FSF commented that the provision that exempts LAGC IFQ vessels from the YTF AM should be Start Printed Page 43754disapproved because it unfairly provides an exemption from the AM for a small group of vessels and because there is new information suggesting that the IFQ fleet has a high level of YTF bycatch. FSF commented that “* * * it is easy to envision many ways in which this discriminatory provision can run afoul of National Standards 2 (best science), 4 (conservation and management measure should be fair and equitable and reasonably calculated to promote conservation), and 9 (practicable reduction of bycatch).”
Response: The level of YTF bycatch by LAGC vessels in Southern New England (SNE) waters identified through recent bycatch analysis does raise a concern because it indicates that the LAGC fishery accounts for more approximately 20 percent of the SNE/Mid-Atlantic (MA) YTF catch in the scallop fishery. NMFS does not believe that the analysis represents sufficient justification to disapprove the measure because it does not violate any national standard or required provision of the MSA, as alleged by FSF. Moreover, this new analysis was not available or considered by the Council in time for the development and Council approval of Amendment 15. In addition, the analysis of YTF catch in 2010 does not present sufficient information to characterize the overall continual bycatch level in the individual fishing quota sector of the scallop fishery. NMFS has reviewed 2008 and 2009 fishery data and preliminary results show that the catch rate of YTF in the LAGC fishery was substantially lower in those years than in 2010. NMFS has therefore asked the Council to consider this new analysis for possible future changes to the Scallop FMP. In addition, the Council is considering issues related YTF catch by LAGC vessels, including the application of separate ACLs and AMs, under Framework Adjustment 23 to the Scallop FMP.
NMFS does not agree that the exemption is necessarily discriminatory or unfairly applied to the IFQ fleet in violation of National Standard 4. FSF states that the LAGC IFQ and limited access fleets are “similar.” This is not accurate, because fishing opportunities for IFQ vessels are more restricted than LA vessels. Although some limited access vessels have fished heavily in the SNE region recently due to high catch rates, limited access vessels are more mobile and are not as constrained to fishing in waters close to its home port. LAGC vessels are more constrained to fish within areas nearer to the vessel's home port due to vessel size and historical fishing practices. For LAGC IFQ vessels with ports in Rhode Island and Long Island, the closure AM could prevent them from operating at all while limited access vessels and LAGC IFQ vessels in other ports would be able to continue fishing. This exemption would prevent closures to the LAGC IFQ fleet that would substantially reduce their fishing opportunities in a more significant way than the limited access fleet. NMFS therefore finds, on balance, that the measure is not inconsistent with National Standard 4.
In addition, an overage of the YTF ACL that could be caused by yellowtail flounder bycatch in both sectors of the scallop industry would result in an AM that is consistent with the conservation measures and goals for yellowtail flounder under both the NE Multispecies and Scallop FMPs. Disapproving the exemption for LAGC vessels from the AM as a result of information showing the fishery catches yellowtail would not provide measures to sufficiently offset the negative impacts of closing the fishery to certain LAGC vessel owners that rely on that area to harvest scallops.
Comment 11: FSF commented that AMs for the LA fleet should be applied in the second FY after the ACL overage rather than in the first FY following the overage. FSF commented that vessels may have used all of their allocated DAS prior to the AM becoming effective. By then applying the DAS adjustments through the AM, vessels could be subject to a DAS reduction in the subsequent FY. FSF believes that this would be a disruption to fishing activity, would cause confusion, and would, in effect, make the AM effective in the second FY after the ACL overage as a result of the DAS payback in the subsequent FY. FSF pointed out that this is an administrative measure and that there is no requirement in the law that puts temporal restrictions on AMs.
Response: AMs could be established in the second FY following the ACL-overage; however, the Council was clear that its intent was to implement AMs as soon as possible, and that AMs for the LA fleet should be implemented in the first FY following the ACL overage. The Council stated this in its letter deeming the Amendment 15 proposed regulations in response to draft regulations that specified that AMs would be implemented in the second FY following the ACL overage. Specifically, the Council's letter stated:
During development of Amendment 15 it was uncertain if subsequent year AMs were workable, but in the end the Council supported that if feasible, AMs are more effective if they can be implemented in the subsequent fishing year. So while there may be places in the document that suggest AMs may have to be two years out, the final intent of the Council was to make all AMs effective the subsequent year: LA AMs, LAGC AMs, NGOM AM, as well as AMs related to the YT flounder sub-ACL.
NMFS agrees that implementing AMs in the first FY after the ACL-overage is consistent with the final guidelines for implementing AMs (74 FR 3211, January 16, 2009) which specify that “If an ACL was exceeded, AMs must be triggered and implemented as soon as possible to correct the operation issue that caused the ACL overage * * * .” NMFS has not therefore changed the provision based on FSF's comment because the Council's intent was clear, but NMFS also recognizes the operational complexity that may result from mid-year adjustment of DAS. Therefore, the Council has been informed of FSFs concerns so that changes, if appropriate, can be considered in a future action.
Comment 12: Oceana contended that Amendment 15 fails to implement sufficient AMs for YTF. It commented that the “real time” AMs in the form of in-season closures were not sufficiently considered and that the LAGC exemption could significantly affect YTF recovery.
Response: Both the NE Multispecies and the Scallop FMP incorporate “next year” AMs through Amendment 16 and Amendment 15, respectively. Although the Council considered inseason AMs for the YTF sub-ACL, it chose to implement the “next year” AMs consistent with the NE Multispecies FMP and in order to prevent inseason scallop fishery problems that could result. Mainly, the Council was concerned that inseason AMs might actually increase YTF bycatch because vessel owners and operators would race to complete trips before the yellowtail sub-ACL would be harvested. This derby effect would decrease incentive to avoid YTF thereby potentially increasing yellowtail catch.
Comment 13: Oceana opposed the proposed modification of the EFH closed areas under Amendment 15, and stated that the changes to the EFH closed areas should be included in Phase 2 of the EFH Omnibus Amendment, rather than in Amendment 15. Oceana believes that Amendment 15 fails to use updated analytical models used in the development of the EFH Omnibus Amendment.
Response: NMFS disagrees, and believes that the appropriate first step in maintaining EFH closed areas while the EFH Omnibus Amendment continues to be developed is to make the EFH closed Start Printed Page 43755areas consistent between the Scallop and NE Multispecies FMPs as intended. The areas have not been made consistent because a Federal court ruled that an earlier attempt to modify the EFH closed areas through a framework adjustment was not an appropriate procedural mechanism for making such change. There was never a determination that the designated areas were flawed in any way. Joint Framework 16/39 previously analyzed these EFH closed areas, as well as the expansion of the access areas within CAI and NLCA. The analysis determined that the elimination of conflicts between the two FMPs will result in the closure of the same areas to gears used in both fisheries, thus providing more effective protection of benthic EFH from the adverse effects of fishing. Although the scallop access areas will slightly expand within portions of CAI and NLCA, the EFH value of the revised EFH closed area is not significantly different from the EFH value of the area that currently is protected. The overall substrate compositions of both areas (i.e., highly dynamic sandy environments) is very similar and the areas where access would be expanded are not areas of high habitat vulnerability. In addition, since the areas were designed under both the Scallop and NE Multispecies FMPs to protect NE multispecies EFH, the only reason that they have not been made consistent is that there has not been an appropriate Scallop FMP amendment that could address the issue. Furthermore, implementing the changes to the EFH closed areas through Amendment 15 will have no impact on the designation of areas to protect EFH under the EFH Omnibus Amendment.
Comment 14: FSF commented that it strongly supports the modification of the EFH closed areas, and that aligning the EFH closures in the scallop FMP with the closures in the NE Multispecies FMP concludes a long overdue housekeeping of the regulations. FSF commented that having consistent EFH closed areas will mean that more of the scallop resource will be available for harvest in the rotational management scheme, representing a tremendous benefit to the fishery and the nation.
Response: NMFS agrees that the modification of the EFH closed areas makes the management of Georges Bank and Southern New England access areas consistent with the original intent of the Scallop FMP while remaining consistent with the NE Multispecies FMP and continued protection of NE Multispecies habitat.
Comment 15: Oceana contended that Amendment 15 fails to include alternatives to monitor ACLs and ensure accountability. Oceana does not believe that the status quo monitoring program, with the addition of daily reporting of YTF catch, will be sufficient. Oceana does not believe that this monitoring system has been sufficiently analyzed and questioned the reliability of self-reported bycatch. Oceana also noted that NMFS stated that observer coverage levels are insufficient to monitor catch (referencing a memorandum from the Director of the Northeast Fisheries Science Center).
Response: NMFS will utilize a statistical monitoring approach, called the cumulative kept-all catch estimate (kept-all estimate), that applies catch data from observed trips to catch reports submitted by vessel operators. This methodology was developed for Northeast fisheries, peer reviewed and accepted, and included in the standardized bycatch reporting methodology (SBRM). The addition of daily VMS catch reporting will enable NMFS to more effectively expand the kept-all estimate to the scallop fishery. Observer coverage in the scallop fishery is determined through the SBRM and expanded to account for specific species monitoring needs (such as elevated coverage rates and seasonal coverage rate considerations). The combination of the expanded catch reporting and the observer coverage in the scallop fishery is sufficient to monitor the YTF catch relative to the yellowtail sub-ACL. The YTF sub-ACL will not trigger real-time closures. As such, more rigorous analysis of data throughout most of the scallop FY can be done to ensure that all data are captured and matched appropriately to scallop trips. This may not be possible with an inseason closure, because it would allow less time to review data and would require a quicker decision process to avoid exceeding an ACL.
Oceana's concerns about vessel operator self-reporting are unfounded. Vessel operators report catch, including discards and kept landings. Discards can be compared to observer reports, which are considered the most reliable discard information. Kept scallops and fish are compared to dealer reports. Although the daily catch reports will be used to provide periodic reports, the dealer-reported landings, which are matched to scallop trips and daily reports, will ultimately provide the data for the kept-all estimate. A large portion of the scallop industry has demonstrated a strong interest and willingness to work collaboratively to prevent excessive YTF catch. An example is the participation of several scallop vessels in a recent voluntary YTF catch reporting program administered by the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, School for Marine Science and Technology (SMAST).
NMFS believes that Oceana's use of the Northeast Fishery Science Center Director's memorandum regarding the Northeast Multispecies Sector program is taken out of context. The SBRM establishes observer coverage levels that are sufficient to meet minimum bycatch monitoring needs. The SBRM levels are then expanded to account for variations in the fisheries. The issues with monitoring sector allocations are different, because the amount of catch allocated to each sector is relatively small, requiring more vigorous monitoring to ensure the allocations are not exceeded. Therefore, the Science Director's memorandum should not be considered to be applicable to all fisheries and monitoring programs for stock-wide ACLs or large sub-ACLs.
Comment 16: FSF commented that it continues to have concerns about the hybrid OFD proposed in Amendment 15. It commented that the concern that the status quo OFD could result in growth overfishing has not been borne out, the stock continues to thrive in the open areas, with more and larger scallops appearing year after year, and rotational management continues to be a success. FSF commented that as the hybrid OFD is implemented, NMFS must make every effort to ensure the effects of the hybrid OFD are clear and transparent to all the stakeholders in the scallop fishery. Further, FSF commented that NMFS needs to ensure that the full extent of the scallop resource is being captured by surveys, in particular in the nearshore areas outside of the routine NOAA [Woods Hole] surveys. FSF noted that information from nearshore areas is becoming more important as the fishery becomes managed by ACLs and on a more explicitly spatial basis.
Response: The hybrid OFD is aligned better with area rotation than the status quo OFD. Although the scallop resource in open areas has remained very productive and has supported successful fishing opportunities, the potential for the opposite result with the status quo OFD is high. Amendment 15 explains that if a large amount of the scallop resource is within areas closed to scallop fishing, the open area F would be driven up to account for lower Start Printed Page 43756fishing mortality stock-wide. If total biomass declines from its current levels, and a high amount of that biomass is in areas closed to scallop fishing, the hybrid OFD is expected to protect against growth overfishing in open areas that would be caused by elevated F under the status quo OFD. The Scallop PDT has frequently discussed the issue of additional surveys in nearshore areas, particularly in the Mid-Atlantic region and will continue to do so in the development of measures under the next biennial framework.
Third-Year Default Measures Through the Biennial Framework Process
Comment 17: FSF supports the provision establishing third-year default measures through the biennial framework process. FSF commented that this provision represents a common sense solution to avoid problems with potentially delayed framework actions. FSF commented that it is only a partial and imperfect solution and that FSF is committed to working NMFS to achieve the common goal of timely implementation of the scallop regulations. FSF commented that there is no sound reason for the continuing lengthy post-promulgation reviews that have endemically caused the scallop specifications to be delayed until well into the scallop fishing year.
Response: NMFS agrees that this will improve the transition to new measures but will not solve the recurring problem of management measures being implemented after the start of the fishing year. NMFS is committed to working with the Council, Northeast Fisheries Science Center and industry to work on solutions.
Changes From Proposed Rule to Final Rule
In § 648.14(i)(4)(ii)(B) and (i)(4)(iii)(B), the term TAC is changed to ACL, and a reference to § 648.53(a)(5) is changed to § 648.53(a)(4)(i) in order to reference the correct ACL.
In § 648.53(b)(4)(iii)(A), the F trigger for the LA AM exception is changed from F = 0.24 to F = 0.28, and the F associated with the fishery's total ACL is changed from F = 0.28 to F = 0.32.
In § 648.53, paragraph (b)(4)(iii)(B) has been removed because the measure was disapproved by NMFS.
In § 648.53(b)(4)(iv), the F trigger for the LA AM exception is changed from F = 0.24 to F = 0.28, for the reasons stated above.
In § 648.53, paragraph (h)(2)(v)(B) is clarified so that IFQ carried over from one FY to the next is not applicable to the 2.5-percent IFQ cap or the 5-percent ownership cap for the FY in which the carryover IFQ is applied.
In § 648.53(h)(3)(ii)(A), the reference to § 648.53(a)(3)(ii) and (iii) is changed to (a)(4)(i) in order to reference the correct ACL.
In § 648.53(h)(5)(iii) and (h)(5)(iv)(C), the term TAC is changed to ACL to reflect ACL management measures.
In § 648.53(h)(5)(iv), the restriction pertaining to when IFQ transfers must be submitted is clarified to indicate that vessel owners may not have sufficient time in the remaining FY to utilize transferred IFQ for which an application was received less than 45 prior to the end of the FY.
In § 648.55(f)(26), the term DAS is removed because DAS set-asides have been eliminated under Amendment 15.
In § 648.56, paragraph (a) is changed to clarify the timing of the FFO and to change the regulatory reference from § 648.53(b)(3) to § 648.56(d), because § 648.53(b)(3) no longer includes DAS set-asides, since Amendment 15 allocates set-aside only in pounds of scallops.
In § 648.56, paragraph (c) is revised by changing NMFS to NOAA, since the responsibility to administer the Federal grants program is not delegated to NMFS.
In § 648.56, paragraph (d) is revised to clarify how set-aside pounds will be awarded relative to access areas.
In § 648.56, paragraph (f) is revised to clarify the administration of scallop RSA award carryover.
Revisions to the area coordinates for the Sea Scallop Access Areas have been included in § 648.59(b)(3) and (d)(3) to reflect the revised coordinates resulting from the change to the EFH closed areas specified in § 648.61.
In § 648.64, values for YTF sub-ACLs are included for FYs 2011 and 2012.
The Assistant Administrator for Fisheries, NOAA, has determined that this rule is consistent with the national standards and other provisions of the MSA and other applicable laws.
The Office of Management and Budget has determined that this rule is not significant according to Executive Order 12866.
The Assistant Administrator for Fisheries has determined that the need to implement these measures in an expedited manner in order to help achieve conservation objectives for the scallop fishery and certain fish stocks, as well as threatened and endangered sea turtles, constitutes good cause, under authority contained in 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), to waive the 30-day delay in effectiveness.
The measures in this final rule to implement Amendment 15 include regulatory changes that are administrative and are only minor adjustments to the Scallop FMP management measures overall. The ACL management measures in Amendment 15 are administrative, establishing the mechanism for managing the scallop fishery under ACL requirements. Actual values for ACLs are established under Framework 22, if approved, and delaying the effectiveness of the ACL provisions in Amendment 15 would constrain the timing of implementation of the measures under Framework 22, including the appropriate management measures and vessel allocations for FY 2011. FY 2011 began on March 1, 2011, and the scallop fishery has been operating under FY 2010 management measures, including DAS, observer set-aside, and access area trip allocations, in lieu of Framework 22 FY 2011 measures. The DAS current allocations are higher than the measures proposed in Framework 22, which were developed to reflect an updated estimate of the annual catch that can be harvested without resulting in overfishing. Accordingly, a delay in effectiveness for this final rule risks creating a race for fish in advance of Framework 22 measures, and vessel owners and operators have the potential of exceeding the FY 2011 catch levels specified in Framework 22. Further continuation of the inconsistent FY 2010 management measures increases the risk that the actual F will exceed the target level upon which Framework 22 management measures are based. Allocations in FY 2011 need to be lower than those in place in FY 2010 in order to meet the management target F specified in the ACL measures of this final rule. Estimates from the 2010 stock assessment, which were endorsed by the SARC-50 review panel, are best available science, and show that biomass was just above, and fishing mortality was at, MSY levels in 2009. In addition, actual F has been higher than projected in FYs 2008-2010, a situation which was addressed in both this final rule's ACL measures and the DAS model used to calculate Framework 22 vessel allocations. Constraining the implementation of Framework 22 by instituting a delay in Amendment 15 effectiveness would be contrary to the public interest because continuing this trend in higher-than-projected F could result in overfishing and future decreases in allowable harvest. Current scallop catch rates in open areas have been the highest on record, and vessels may continue to fish beyond their Start Printed Page 43757Framework 22 DAS allocations until this action is effective because they are limited in where else they can fish.
In addition, Framework 22 includes management measures necessary to achieve conservation objectives for threatened and endangered sea turtles by limiting the number of Mid-Atlantic scallop access area trips each vessel can take between June 15 and October 31, 2011. This limitation complies with one of the reasonable and prudent measures in the most recent Biological Opinion completed for the scallop fishery. If implementation of Amendment 15 is delayed further beyond June 15, 2011, thus further delaying the Framework 22 turtle conservation measures, the measures from last year will continue. The measures currently in place allow for more fishing effort during these months than intended under Framework 22 and further delay could potentially compromise sea turtle conservation benefits during this short window.
Expediting the implementation of the Amendment 15 ACL management measures, thus enabling the final rule to Framework 22 to establish actual ACL values, will also have greater public benefit because enacting the allocations of IFQ and access area trips would have positive impacts on the economics of the fishery. Currently, vessels have already fished their limited number of scallop access area trips and have no other access areas available from which to harvest scallops. Amendment 15 will enable Framework 22 to open up three additional access areas for vessels and take pressure off of vessel owners/operators from using more DAS than allocated in FY 2011. In addition, LAGC IFQ vessels will be able to take advantage of this final rule's management measures, such as increased trip possession limits, carryover allocations, and improved permanent transfer opportunities, while also benefiting from their increased IFQ allocations specified through the final rule to Framework 22.
A delay in effectiveness for the Amendment 15 management measures that improve the RSA program is also contrary to the public interest and undermines the ability of researchers to complete their research projects and potentially hinder the quality of their research. Proposals that have been submitted for NOAA Grants Program review are currently awaiting final award notification from NOAA. This cannot occur until the revisions to the RSA program under Amendment 15 are effective. Many of the projects conducted under the Scallop RSA program rely on careful timing for research activity and coordination with participating vessels. Further, many of the Scallop RSA projects completed in the past provide critical information for continued improvements to the overall management of the scallop fishery. Therefore, in order to ensure that RSA projects can be issued final grants awards and begin research operations and coordination with participating vessels, the measures that improve the RSA program should be effective upon publication of this final rule.
NMFS was unable to incorporate the 30-day delay in effectiveness into the timeline for Amendment 15 rulemaking due to the delay in the Council's adoption of Amendment 15 from June 2010 to September 2010, and Amendment 15 was not formally submitted to NMFS until January 2011. In addition, the Council submitted Framework 22 in late March 2011, more than 3 weeks after the March 1 start of the 2011 scallop FY. With such delays, NMFS was unable to complete the rulemaking process, make a final determination to approve the amendment, and implement Amendment 15 measures in the 2 months prior to the start of FY 2011. As a result, the final allocations for FY 2011, as specified through the final rule to Framework 22, could not have been implemented prior to the start of FY 2011 or to the implementation of this final rule to Amendment 15.
The Council prepared an FEIS for Amendment 15; an NOA was published on April 1, 2011. The FEIS describes the impacts of the proposed Amendment 15 measures on the environment. ACL and AM measures under Amendment 15 would have minimal impacts on the human environment compared to taking no action, because both establish similar limitations on scallop fishing. Other measures to improve management of the scallop fishery are expected to have positive impacts on the human environment, as a result of improved management of the scallop fishery.
This rule contains a revision to a current collection-of-information requirement subject to review and approval by OMB under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA). Public reporting burden for this collection of information, the expansion of the VMS catch report to all areas (OMB Control Number 0648-0491), is estimated to average 2 min per response. This estimate includes the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection information. Send comments on these or any other aspects of the collection of information to OMB by e-mail at OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov, or fax to (202) 395-7285 and to the Regional Administrator at the address provided in the ADDRESSES section of this rule.
Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, no person is required to respond to, and no person shall be subject to penalty for failure to comply with, a collection of information subject to the requirements of the PRA, unless that collection of information displays a currently valid OMB control number.
NMFS, pursuant to section 604 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), has prepared a final regulatory flexibility analysis (FRFA) in support of Amendment 15. The FRFA describes the economic impact that this final rule, along with other non-preferred alternatives, will have on small entities. The FRFA incorporates the economic impacts and analysis summarized in the IRFA for the proposed rule to implement Amendment 15, the comments and responses in this final rule, and the corresponding economic analyses prepared for Amendment 15 (i.e., the FEIS and the RIR). The contents of these incorporated documents are not repeated in detail here. A copy of the IRFA, the RIR, and the FEIS are available upon request (see ADDRESSES). A description of the reasons for this action, the objectives of the action, and the legal basis for this final rule are found in Amendment 15 and the preamble to the proposed and final rules.
Statement of Objective and Need
This action proposes to implement ACL and AMs for the scallop fishery, as well as other measures to improve management of the scallop fishery. A description of the management measures, why this action is being considered, and the legal basis for this action are contained in the preamble of this final rule and are not repeated here.
A Summary of the Significant Issues Raised by the Public Comments in Response to the IRFA, a Summary of the Assessment of the Agency of Such Issues, and a Statement of Any Changes Made in the Proposed Rule as a Result of Such Comments
NMFS did not receive any comments pertaining to the IRFA or the economic impacts of these measures more generally on small businesses. Summaries of the public comments and NMFS's responses are provided in the “Comments and Responses” section of this final rule.Start Printed Page 43758
Description and Estimate of Number of Small Entities to Which the Rule Would Apply
These final regulations will affect vessels with LA and LAGC scallop permits. The FEIS for Amendment 15 provides extensive information on the number and size of vessels and small businesses that would be affected by the proposed regulations, by port and state. There were 313 vessels that obtained full-time LA permits in 2010, including 250 dredge, 52 small-dredge and 11 scallop trawl permits. In the same year, there were also 34 part-time LA permits in the sea scallop fishery. No vessels were issued occasional scallop permits. By the start of FY 2010, the first year of the LAGC IFQ program, 362 IFQ permits (including 40 IFQ permits issued to vessels with a LA scallop permit), 127 NGOM, and 294 incidental catch permits were issued.
The RFA defines a small business entity in any fish-harvesting or hatchery business as a firm that is independently owned and operated and not dominant in its field of operation (including its affiliates), with receipts of up to $4 million annually. The vessels in the Atlantic sea scallop fishery are considered small business entities because all of them grossed less than $3 million according to dealer data for FYs 1994 to 2009. In FY 2009, total average revenue per full-time scallop vessel was just over $1 million, and total average scallop revenue per general category vessel was just under $80,000. The IRFA was completed consistent with analyses under the RFA for recent scallop actions, and as such, considers receipts of individual vessels and did not consider individual entity ownership of multiple vessels.
The Office of Advocacy at the Small Business Association (SBA) suggests two criteria to consider in determining the significance of regulatory impacts; namely, disproportionality and profitability. The disproportionality criterion compares the effects of the regulatory action on small versus large entities (using the SBA-approved size definition of “small entity”), not the difference between segments of small entities. Amendment 15 is not expected to have significant regulatory impacts on the basis of the disproportionality criterion, because all entities are considered to be small entities in the scallop fishery and, therefore, the action will not place a substantial number of small entities at a significant competitive disadvantage relative to large entities.
Description of Projected Reporting, Recordkeeping, and Other Compliance Requirements
This action implements an expansion of current VMS catch reporting requiring all LA and LAGC IFQ scallop vessels to report YTF catch (kept and discards) and all other species kept (including scallops) on all scallop trips. Such reports must be submitted for each day fished by 9 a.m. of the day following the day on which the fishing activity occurred. Previously, this requirement applied only to access area scallop trips. The expansion of the requirement to all areas increases the current burden cost of 333 hr at a total cost of $4,995 to 1,000 hr, at a total cost of $15,000 for all scallop vessels combined. The expansion is needed to monitor YTF bycatch relative to the sub-ACL for YTF under Amendment 15.
Amendment 15 does not duplicate, overlap, or conflict with any other Federal law.
Description of the Steps the Agency Has Taken To Minimize the Significant Economic Impact on Small Entities Consistent With the Stated Objectives of Applicable Statutes, Including a Statement of the Factual, Policy, and Legal Reasons for Selecting the Alternative Adopted in the Final Rule and Why Each One of the Other Significant Alternatives to the Rule Considered by the Agency Which Affect the Impact on Small Entities Was Rejected
A summary of the economic impacts of adopted and alternative measures is provided below. Detailed economic impact analysis is provided in Section 5.4 and Appendix III of the FEIS for Amendment 15 (see ADDRESSES).
Each vessel within the same permit category (i.e., full-time, part-time, and occasional) is allocated the same number of DAS and access area trips. LAGC IFQ vessels receive 5.5 percent of the total fishery ACL after research and observer set-asides are removed, and IFQs are proportionately allocated based on a percent share of the 5.5-percent fleetwide allocation. Therefore, those measures that affect overall projected landings will have proportional impacts on all the participants because allocations for all vessels will be adjusted up or down in the same percentage. Some of the other measures are specific to each fishery, however, and they will result in differential impacts, as discussed below for each individual action. In summary, although some specific measures, such as the hybrid OFD, catch limits, and AMs will have some negative impacts on the revenues and profits from the scallop fishery in the short-term, the benefits from the other measures, including the measures that reduce scientific or management uncertainty, the modification of the EFH areas, modifications to the LAGC possession limits and other related measures are expected to offset in part or in full these short-term negative effects. As a result, the aggregate economic impacts of Amendment 15 measures, combined, in the short-term are likely to range from small negative to small positive. The action is not expected to have significant impacts on the viability of the vessels, because these impacts are estimated to be relatively small. In addition, even with negative impacts, the profit rate is estimated to exceed 20 percent of the gross revenue in the scallop industry, providing for short-term cash reserves to finance operations through several months or years until the positive effects of the regulations start paying off. In the long term, the economic impacts of the combined measures on the participants of the scallop are expected to be positive.
NMFS evaluated the Council's proposed measures relative to compliance with the MSA, including national standards, required provisions, and discretionary provisions, as well as with applicable laws and the FMP. NMFS has determined that Amendment 15, as partially approved by NMFS, is consistent with all National Standards and required provisions of the MSA. Without Amendment 15, the Scallop FMP would not be in compliance with the new ACL and AM requirements of the MSA and the management improvements and efficiencies created through other Amendment 15 measures would not be achieved. This would ultimately compromise NMFS's ability to effectively manage the scallop fishery overall.
The evaluation of Amendment 15 measures concluded that the suite of measures combine to minimize the negative impacts on qualified vessels. Positive impacts on the scallop fishery fleets are expected as the management measures in Amendment 15 continue to prevent overfishing, achieve OY on a continuing basis, and improve overall management efficiency.
A description of significant alternatives to the measures approved in Amendment 15, which affect the impact on small entities, and the reasons why these other alternatives were not adopted by the Council follows. NMFS does not have the discretion under the MSA to implement measures that were not adopted by the Council. Under the MSA, NMFS must either approve or Start Printed Page 43759disapprove Council recommended alternatives or the action as a whole if alternatives cannot be disapproved without compromising the action as a whole. The discussion of the reasons for rejecting alternatives is relative to the Council's decision, with the exception of the measure that was disapproved by NMFS.
1. Compliance With MSA
ACL Structure and Subcomponents
Establishing ACLs in the Scallop FMP is expected to have long-term economic benefits on the fishery by helping to ensure that ACLs are set at or below ABC, in order to prevent the resource from being overfished and overfishing from occurring. Buffers for scientific and management uncertainty reduce the risk of fishery exceeding its ACL, thus reducing the risk of overfishing the scallop resource, with positive impacts on the overall scallop yield, revenues, and total economic benefits from the fishery. Establishing catch limits is expected to result in a similar landings stream compared to the status quo management. Even if the landing streams changed as a result of the new measures, the risk to the resource from overfishing due to scientific or management uncertainty is minimized because sources of uncertainty are better accounted for. This, in turn, is expected to keep the landings and economic benefits relatively more stable and reduce the uncertainty in business decisions over the long-term. The separation of an ACL into two sub-ACLs with associated ACTs is expected to have positive impacts on the scallop fishery and its subcomponents. Separating the two fleets with separate ACLs prevents one component of the fishery from impacting the catch levels of the other. This prevents negative economic impacts from spreading from one fleet to the other. No alternatives would generate higher economic benefits for the participants of the scallop fishery. Under the No Action alternative, there is a risk of overfishing the resource due to the scientific and management uncertainty that is not adequately addressed currently. Existing measures do not have well-defined accountability and payback mechanisms if catch limits are exceeded due to these sources of uncertainty, which could result in continual reductions in allocations, effort levels, and trips.
2. Implementation of AMs
LA AMs consist of the use of an ACT, and an overall DAS reduction to account for any overages. The deduction is applied in the FY following the FY in which the overage occurred (e.g., an overage in FY 2011 would result in a DAS reduction in FY 2013). The overall economic impacts in the short term on the participants of the scallop fishery depend on whether or not the ACT prevents an ACL overage. Exceeding ACL in one FY will have positive economic impacts on the participants of the scallop fishery in that FY, but it would be followed by negative impacts in the FY in which the AM is applied, since DAS would be deducted based on the level of the overage. The short term impacts averaged over the applicable FYs would be neutral or small. The proposed action also includes an exception to the LA AM, which would stop the AM from being implemented, even if the LA sub-ACL exceeded. If there is no biological harm, and updated estimates of F are actually lower than what was projected, there will be no reason for a DAS reduction in the subsequent year. This minimizes or even eliminates any potentially negative impacts, since the AM would not be implemented.
For the LAGC fishery, if an individual vessel exceeds its IFQ (including leased IFQ), the amount of IFQ equal to the overage is deducted from the vessel's IFQ in the FY following the FY in which the overage occurred. Similarly, if the NGOM component of the fishery exceeds the overall hard-TAC (equal to the NGOM ACL) after all data are final, then the hard TAC could be reduced by the amount equal to the overage in the following FY. Exceeding the vessel's IFQ in one FY will have positive economic impacts in that FY, followed by negative impacts in the FY in which the deduction is applied, so the short-term impacts averaged over these 2 FYs would be neutral or small. The measures help reduce the risks of exceeding ACLs and have positive impacts on the scallop yields and economic impacts from the fishery as a whole over the long term.
The Council also considered making the AMs effective in the second FY following the FY in which the overage occurred. This would have very similar economic impacts to the proposed application of AMs, except that the negative impacts would be delayed for 1 FY.
3. ACLs and AMs for YTF
The AM for the YTF sub-ACL, if the scallop fishery exceeds the sub-ACL, is a seasonal closure of areas that have been pre-identified to have high YTF bycatch rates. The applicable area will be closed in the subsequent FY for a specified period of time to only LA scallop vessels (LAGC vessels are exempt from the closure). This measure could increase fishing costs and have negative impacts on the scallop revenues and profits if the effort is moved to less productive areas with lower LPUE, or to areas with a predominance of smaller scallops with a lower price. Implementation of the closure in the subsequent FY, rather than in-season, prevents derby-style fishing and minimize the negative impacts on prices and revenues associated with it. Exempting LAGC trips from this AM prevents high distributional impacts for LAGC vessels that have a dependence on fishing within the proposed closure areas in SNE waters.
The alternative that would close an entire YTF stock area would have greater negative impacts on scallop revenues and profits compared to adopted measures. The alternatives that would institute either a fleet maximum DAS or an individual maximum number of DAS that could be used in a stock area for year 3 to account for an overage of the YTF sub-ACL in year 1 could reduce the negative impacts on scallop revenues, costs, and total economic benefits by preventing derby fishing and allowing more time for the scallop fleet to make adjustments for exceeding the YTF ACLs. However, it would apply penalties to the whole fleet for overages that may have been caused by only a part of the fleet. In addition, these options could increase the administration costs by making it necessary to monitor DAS-used by YTF stock areas, which would require additional reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
4. Measures To Adjust the OFD
The adoption of the hybrid OFD could result in a reduction in revenues and profits compared to no action alternative in the short to medium term. During the first 10 yr of implementation, average scallop revenue per vessel net of trips costs are expected to decline by about 5.8 percent. The hybrid OFD is expected have positive economic impacts over the long term, however, since this definition will provide more flexibility to meet the area rotation objectives and is expected to increase catch by 10 percent, with larger average scallop size. In addition, this alternative could potentially reduce area swept, thus reducing adverse effects on bycatch, seabed habitats, and EFH, with indirect positive impacts on the scallop fishery. For example, a reduction in bycatch prevents triggering YTF AM measures, and the negative impacts on scallop landings and revenues associated with such a measure. This Start Printed Page 43760could offset some of the short-term potentially negative economic impacts from the hybrid OFD.
The status quo OFD is estimated to result in higher revenues and profits in the short-term compared to the hybrid OFD. However, this alternative was not selected by the Council because it is not consistent with the spatial management of the scallop fishery, has higher risks for the scallop resource, and lower economic benefits for the scallop fishery over the long-term compared to the hybrid OFD.
5. IFQ Carryover
The IFQ carryover provision allows LAGC IFQ vessels to carry up to 15 percent of a vessel's IFQ, including leased IFQ, to the following FY, if the vessel has unused IFQ at the end of the FY. This provides flexibility and safety-at-sea benefits in the case of unforeseen circumstances or bad weather that prevents the vessel from using all of its IFQ. As a result, this provides opportunity for vessels to land their unused IFQ in the next FY, with positive economic impacts for vessels, the LAGC fishery, and overall scallop revenue and profits.
The no action alternative has smaller economic benefits compared to the adopted carryover provision because it would not allow IFQ to be carried over into the subsequent FY. The Council also considered allowing a vessel's entire IFQ to be carried over, which would have provided higher immediate economic benefits than the adopted carryover provision. However, transferring a larger portion, or the entire amount of the unused IFQ could increase management uncertainty, which could result in application of an ACT, set below the ACL, to serve as a buffer to protect against the uncertainty. This overall reduction for the following FY would have negative impacts on the IFQ allocations and economic benefits in future years.
6. Modification of the LAGC IFQ Vessel Possession Limit
An increase in the LAGC IFQ possession limit from 400 lb (181.4 kg) to 600 lb (272.2 kg) is expected to reduce the fishing time and trip costs, because it is expected to increase trip efficiency and reduce steaming time over the course of the FY. In addition, it could increase profits for these vessels or offset the cost of elevated fuel prices. As a result, the 600-lb (272.2-kg) possession limit is expected have positive economic impacts on the scallop fishery compared to the no action alternative.
Alternatives to the proposed action included eliminating the possession limit and increasing it to 1,000 lb (454 kg) per trip. These alternatives produce higher benefits than the proposed option by maximizing trip revenue compared to fishing costs. However, these alternatives could change the nature of the LAGC IFQ fishery from a small-scale fishery to a full-time operation like the LA fishery, which would run counter to the FMP's objective of preserving the small-scale nature of the fishery for the LAGC IFQ fleet. It may result in consolidation that would eliminate operations with smaller IFQs or that have less total share of the IFQ fishery. These alternatives were not selected because the Council continues to support the LAGC IFQ fishery as a small-vessel fishery, consistent with its goals and vision for the fishery as developed under Amendment 11 to the FMP.
7. Increase in the Maximum IFQ per Vessel
Changing the 2-percent maximum quota per vessel to 2.5 percent provides more flexibility to vessels to adjust their harvest levels to changes in the scallop resource conditions. In addition, since a vessel owner could meet the 5-percent ownership cap by owning only two vessels, it eliminates ownership costs associated with multiple vessels. The increase to a 2.5-percent cap, therefore, has positive impacts on profitability. The no action alternative for increasing the maximum IFQ per vessel would not improve flexibility and would have negative economic impacts associated with costs of vessel ownership compared to the proposed action.
8. Allowing LAGC Quota To Be Split From IFQ Permits
Allowing the IFQ to be split from the IFQ permit improves flexibility and facilitates movement of quota between fishermen. It also increases the likelihood that all IFQ will be harvested, thereby reducing management uncertainty. It allows fishermen to combine their allocations and to benefit from an economically viable operation when the allocations of some vessels are too small to make scallop fishing profitable. This measure is therefore likely to have positive impacts on revenues and profits for the participants of the IFQ fishery.
The Council rejected an alternative that would have allowed quota to be transferred between the LA/IFQ fleet and IFQ-only fleet. This alternative would have resulted in larger economic benefits for LAGC IFQ vessels because it would provide another source of IFQ. However, this option was not chosen by the Council mostly due to concerns about the difficulty of monitoring mixed quota from the two categories, since they are allocated quota from two separate pools.
Under the no action alternative, LAGC IFQ vessels that want to permanently transfer quota have to purchase LAGC IFQ permit as well as all the other permits a vessel has, which makes purchasing of LAGC IFQ very expensive. It also is a deterrent to engaging in permanent transfers, since some owners would prefer to retain the permits for other fisheries. The no action alternative, therefore, would have reduced benefits compared to the adopted measure.
9. Measures To Address EFH Closed Areas
This action modifies the EFH areas closed to scallop gear under Scallop Amendment 10 to be consistent with NE Multispecies Amendment 13, and eliminate the areas closed for EFH under Amendment 10. As a result, effort could be allocated to CAI (where the scallops are larger and yield is higher), instead of allocating more open area effort in areas with potentially lower catch rates. This is expected to have positive impacts on the scallop resource and future yield, and to increase the scallop revenues by about $8 million (assuming a price of $7.00 per lb) per year. Fishing in more productive areas is also expected to reduce the fishing costs. Therefore, the revised EFH closed areas are expected to have positive impacts on revenues and profits from the scallop fishery. The Council considered taking no action, but such action would have lower economic benefits than the proposed action, since it would not provide access to portions of the scallop resource that would improve yield and reduce fishing costs.
10. Measures To Improve RSA Program
These measures are expected to have positive indirect economic benefits for the sea scallop fishery by improving the timing and administration of the RSA program. Having dedicated resources for funding research to survey access areas will improve the Council's ability to allocate the appropriate amount of effort to prevent overfishing and optimize yield. Exempting RSA projects (if identified in the proposal) from crew restrictions, the seasonal closure in Elephant Trunk, and the requirement to return to port if fishing in more than one area will allow more flexibility and more effective research. If, as a result of these measures, the program can be more streamlined, and worthwhile Start Printed Page 43761projects can occur with fewer obstacles, better and timelier research will result in indirect benefits on the scallop resource and yield and will increase economic benefits from the scallop fishery. Several alternatives were considered by the Council, but they all would have similar impacts. Therefore, the adopted Scallop RSA Program revisions are based on policy decisions that reflect the most efficient and effective way of implementing the RSA Program.
11. Third-Year Default Measures in the Framework Adjustment Process and Addition to the List of Frameworkable Items in the FMP
A third year of specifications will be established through the framework adjustment process in order to prevent outdated measures from being implemented due to the delay in the implementation of the 2-yr framework actions. It serves as a safety mechanism to prevent against management measure rollovers during implementation delays. These rollover measures complicate management of the scallop fishery, do not make sense for the industry, and may cause undesired negative effects or require further management intervention. Therefore, including third-year specifications alleviates some of the implementation issues caused by the time lag between the FY and the time when the survey data become available. Since the measures that are created for year 3 will result in landings more consistent with the updated scallop biomass estimates and PDT recommendations, this action is expected to have positive indirect effects on the participants of the scallop fishery. There are no other alternatives that would result in larger economic benefits.
Expanding the list of frame workable items allows the Council to more easily adjust the allocations according to the resource conditions and as needed in terms of research priorities or to make further changes to benefit EFH. As a result, these measures are expected to have positive impacts on the scallop fishery and its participants. There are no other alternatives that would result in larger economic benefits.
Small Entity Compliance Guide
Section 212 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 states that for each rule or group of related rules for which an agency is required to prepare a FRFA, the agency shall publish one or more guides to assist small entities in complying with the rule, and shall designate such publications as “small entity compliance guides.” The agency shall explain the actions a small entity is required to take to comply with a rule or group of rules. As part of this rulemaking process, a small entity compliance guide was prepared. The guide will be sent to all holders of permits issued for the Atlantic scallop fishery. In addition, copies of this final rule and guide (i.e., permit holder letter) are available from the Regional Administrator and are also available from NMFS, Northeast Region (see ADDRESSES).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 648End List of Subjects Start Signature
Dated: July 14, 2011.
Deputy Assistant Administrator for Operations, National Marine Fisheries Service.
For the reasons set out in the preamble, 50 CFR part 648 is amended as follows:Start Part
PART 648—FISHERIES OF THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 648 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. In § 648.4, paragraphs (a)(2)(i) introductory text, and (a)(2)(ii)(A) are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) * * *
(2) * * *
(i) Limited access scallop permits. Any vessel of the United States that possesses or lands more than 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked scallops, or 50 bu (17.6 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip South of 42°20′ N. Lat., or 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip North of 42°20′ N. Lat, or possesses more than 100 bu (35.2 hL) of in-shell scallops seaward of the VMS Demarcation Line, except vessels that fish exclusively in state waters for scallops, must have been issued and carry on board a valid limited access scallop permit.
(ii) * * *
(A) Individual fishing quota LAGC permit. To possess or land up to 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked meats, or land up to 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip, or possess up to 100 bu (35.2 hL) of in-shell scallops seaward of the VMS demarcation line, a vessel must have been issued an individual fishing quota LAGC scallop permit (IFQ scallop permit). Issuance of an initial IFQ scallop permit is contingent upon the vessel owner submitting the required application and other information that demonstrates that the vessel meets the eligibility criteria specified in paragraph (a)(2)(ii)(D) of this section.
3. In § 648.10, paragraphs (e)(5)(i), (e)(5)(ii), (f)(4)(i), and (h)(8) are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(e) * * *
(5) * * *
(i) A vessel subject to the VMS requirements of § 648.9 and paragraphs (b) through (d) of this section that has crossed the VMS Demarcation Line under paragraph (a) of this section is deemed to be fishing under the DAS program, the LAGC IFQ or NGOM scallop fishery, or other fishery requiring the operation of VMS as applicable, unless prior to leaving port, the vessel's owner or authorized representative declares the vessel out of the scallop, NE multispecies, or monkfish fishery, as applicable, for a specific time period. NMFS must be notified by transmitting the appropriate VMS code through the VMS, or unless the vessel's owner or authorized representative declares the vessel will be fishing in the Eastern U.S./Canada Area, as described in § 648.85(a)(3)(ii), under the provisions of that program.
(ii) Notification that the vessel is not under the DAS program, the LAGC IFQ or NGOM scallop fishery, or any other fishery requiring the operation of VMS, must be received by NMFS prior to the vessel leaving port. A vessel may not change its status after the vessel leaves port or before it returns to port on any fishing trip.
(f) * * *
(4) * * *
(i) The owner or operator of a limited access or LAGC IFQ vessel that fishes for, possesses, or retains scallops, and is not fishing under a NE Multispecies DAS or sector allocation, must submit reports through the VMS, in accordance with instructions to be provided by the Regional Administrator, for each day fished, including open area trips, access area trips as described in § 648.60(a)(9), and trips accompanied by a NMFS-approved observer. The reports must be submitted for each day (beginning at 0000 hr and ending at 2400 hr) and not later than 0900 hours of the following day. Such reports must include the following information:
(A) FVTR serial number;
(B) Date fish were caught;
(C) Total pounds of scallop meats kept;Start Printed Page 43762
(D) Total pounds of yellowtail flounder kept;
(E) Total pounds of yellowtail flounder discarded; and
(F) Total pounds of all other fish kept.
(h) * * *
(8) Any vessel issued a limited access scallop permit and not issued an LAGC scallop permit that possesses or lands scallops; any vessel issued a limited access scallop and LAGC IFQ scallop permit that possesses or lands more than 600 lb (272.2 kg) of scallops; any vessel issued a limited access scallop and LAGC NGOM scallop permit that possesses or lands more than 200 lb (90.7 kg) of scallops; any vessel issued a limited access scallop and LAGC IC scallop permit that possesses or lands more than 40 lb (18.1 kg) of scallops; any vessel issued a limited access NE multispecies permit subject to the NE multispecies DAS program requirements that possesses or lands regulated NE multispecies, except as provided in §§ 648.10(h)(9)(ii), 648.17, and 648.89; any vessel issued a limited access monkfish permit subject to the monkfish DAS program and call-in requirement that possess or lands monkfish above the incidental catch trip limits specified in § 648.94(c); and any vessel issued a limited access red crab permit subject to the red crab DAS program and call-in requirement that possesses or lands red crab above the incidental catch trip limits specified in § 648.263(b)(1) shall be deemed to be in its respective DAS program for purposes of counting DAS and will be charged DAS from its time of sailing to landing, regardless of whether the vessel's owner or authorized representative provides adequate notification as required by paragraphs (e) through (h) of this section.
4. In § 648.11, paragraphs (g)(1) and (g)(2)(ii) are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(g) * * *
(1) General. Unless otherwise specified, owners, operators, and/or managers of vessels issued a Federal scallop permit under § 648.4(a)(2), and specified in paragraph (b) of this section, must comply with this section and are jointly and severally responsible for their vessel's compliance with this section. To facilitate the deployment of at-sea observers, all sea scallop vessels issued limited access permits fishing in open areas or Sea Scallop Access Areas, and LAGC IFQ vessels fishing under the Sea Scallop Access Area program specified in § 648.60, are required to comply with the additional notification requirements specified in paragraph (g)(2) of this section. When NMFS notifies the vessel owner, operator, and/or manager of any requirement to carry an observer on a specified trip in either an Access Area or Open Area as specified in paragraph (g)(3) of this section, the vessel may not fish for, take, retain, possess, or land any scallops without carrying an observer. Vessels may only embark on a scallop trip in open areas or Access Areas without an observer if the vessel owner, operator, and/or manager has been notified that the vessel has received a waiver of the observer requirement for that trip pursuant to paragraphs (g)(3) and (g)(4)(ii) of this section.
(2) * * *
(ii) LAGC IFQ vessels. LAGC IFQ vessel owners, operators, or managers must notify the NMFS/NEFOP by telephone by 0001 hr of the Thursday preceding the week (Sunday through Saturday) that they intend to start a scallop trip in an access area. If selected, up to two Sea Scallop Access Area trips that start during the specified week (Sunday through Saturday) can be selected to be covered by an observer. NMFS/NEFOP must be notified by the owner, operator, or vessel manager of any trip plan changes at least 48 hr prior to vessel departure.
5. In § 648.14, paragraphs (i)(1)(ii), (i)(1)(iii)(A)(End Amendment Part
(i) * * *
(1) * * *
(ii) Gear and crew requirements. Have a shucking or sorting machine on board a vessel while in possession of more than 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked scallops, unless that vessel has not been issued a scallop permit and fishes exclusively in state waters.
(iii) * * *
(A) * * *
(1) * * *
(iii) The scallops were harvested by a vessel that has been issued and carries on board an IFQ scallop permit and is properly declared into the IFQ scallop fishery or is properly declared into the NE multispecies or Atlantic surfclam or quahog fishery and is not fishing in a sea scallop access area.
(2) * * *
(iii) The scallops were harvested by a vessel that has been issued and carries on board an IFQ scallop permit issued pursuant to § 648.4(a)(2)(ii)(A), is fishing outside of the NGOM scallop management area, and is properly declared into the general category scallop fishery or is properly declared into the NE multispecies or Atlantic surfclam or quahog fishery and is not fishing in a sea scallop access area.
(3) In excess of 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked scallops at any time, 50 bu (17.6 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip South of 42°20′ N. Lat. and shoreward of the VMS Demarcation Line, or 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip North of 42°20′ N. Lat and shoreward of the VMS demarcation line, or 100 bu (35.2 hL) in-shell scallops seaward of the VMS Demarcation Line, unless:
(2) * * *
(viii) Fish for scallops in, or possess scallops or land scallops from, the yellowtail flounder accountability measure closed areas specified in § 648.64 during the period specified in the notice announcing the closure and based on the closure table specified in § 648.64.
(4) * * *
(i) * * *
(A) Fish for or land per trip, or possess at any time, in excess of 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked, or 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops per trip, or 100 bu (35.2 hL) in-shell scallops seaward of the VMS Demarcation Line, unless the vessel is carrying an observer as specified in § 648.11 while participating in the Area Access Program specified in § 648.60 and an increase in the possession limit is authorized by the Regional Administrator and not exceeded by the vessel, as specified in §§ 648.52(g) and 648.60(d)(2).
(ii) * * *
(B) Have an IFQ allocation on an IFQ scallop vessel of more than 2.5 percent of the total IFQ scallop ACL as specified in § 648.53(a)(4)(i).
(iii) * * *
(B) Apply for an IFQ transfer that will result in the receiving vessel having an IFQ allocation in excess of 2.5 percent of the total IFQ scallop ACL as specified in § 648.53(a)(4)(i).
6. In § 648.51, paragraphs (d)(1) and (e) introductory text are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(d) * * *
(1) Shucking machines are prohibited on all limited access vessels fishing under the scallop DAS program, or any vessel in possession of more than 600 lb (272.2 kg) of scallops, unless the vessel has not been issued a limited access scallop permit and fishes exclusively in state waters.
(e) Small dredge program restrictions. Any vessel owner whose vessel is assigned to either the part-time or Occasional category may request, in the application for the vessel's annual permit, to be placed in one category higher. Vessel owners making such request may be placed in the appropriate higher category for the entire year, if they agree to comply with the following restrictions, in addition to, and notwithstanding other restrictions of this part, when fishing under the DAS program described in § 648.53:
7. In § 648.52, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) A vessel issued an IFQ scallop permit that is declared into the IFQ scallop fishery as specified in § 648.10(b), or on a properly declared NE multispecies, surfclam, or ocean quahog trip and not fishing in a scallop access area, unless as specified in paragraph (g) of this section or exempted under the state waters exemption program described in § 648.54, may not possess or land, per trip, more than 600 lb (272.2 kg) of shucked scallops, or possess more than 75 bu (26.4 hL) of in-shell scallops shoreward of the VMS Demarcation Line. Such a vessel may land scallops only once in any calendar day. Such a vessel may possess up to 100 bu (35.2 hL) of in-shell scallops seaward of the VMS demarcation line on a properly declared IFQ scallop trip, or on a properly declared NE multispecies, surfclam, or ocean quahog trip and not fishing in a scallop access area.
8. In § 648.53,End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. The section heading is revised;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. Paragraphs (a), (b)(1), (b)(4) introductory text, (c), (d), (g), (h)(2)(iii), (h)(3)(i)(A), (h)(3)(i)(B), (h)(3)(i)(C), (h)(3)(ii)(A), (h)(4) introductory text, (h)(5)(ii), (h)(5)(iii), and (h)(5)(iv) are revised;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
c. Paragraphs (b) introductory text, (b)(4)(ii), (h)(2)(v), and (h)(2)(vi) are added;End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
d. Paragraphs (a)(5), (a)(6), and (a)(9), (b)(2), and (b)(4)(i) are removed and reserved.End Amendment Part
The revisions and additions read as follows:
(a) Scallop fishery ABC. The ABC for the scallop fishery shall be established through the framework adjustment process specified in § 648.55 and is equal to the overall scallop fishery ACL. The ABC/ACL shall be divided as sub-ACLs between limited access vessels, limited access vessels that are fishing under a limited access general category permit, and limited access general category vessels as specified in paragraphs (a)(3) and (a)(4) of this section, after deducting the scallop incidental catch target TAC specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, observer set-aside specified in paragraph (g)(1) of this section, and research set-aside specified in § 648.56(d).
(1) ABC/ACL for fishing years 2011 through 2013 shall be:
(i) 2011. To be determined.
(ii) 2012. To be determined.
(iii) 2013. To be determined.
(2) Scallop incidental catch target TAC. The incidental catch target TAC for vessels with incidental catch scallop permits is to be determined for fishing years 2011, 2012, and 2013.
(3) Limited access fleet sub-ACL and ACT. The limited access scallop fishery shall be allocated 94.5 percent of the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, after deducting incidental catch, observer set-aside, and research set-aside, as specified in this paragraph (a). ACT for the limited access scallop fishery shall be established through the framework adjustment process described in § 648.55. DAS specified in paragraph (b) of this section shall be based on the ACTs specified in paragraph (a)(3)(ii) of this section.
(i) The limited access fishery sub-ACLs for the 2011 through 2013 fishing years are:
(A) 2011. To be determined.
(B) 2012. To be determined.
(C) 2013. To be determined.
(ii) The limited access fishery ACTs for the 2011 through 2013 fishing years are:
(A) 2011. To be determined.
(B) 2012. To be determined.
(C) 2013. To be determined.
(4) LAGC fleet sub-ACL. The sub-ACL for the LAGC IFQ fishery shall be equal to 5.5 percent of the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, after deducting incidental catch, observer set-aside, and research set-aside, as specified in this paragraph (a). The LAGC IFQ fishery ACT shall be equal to the LAGC IFQ fishery's ACL. The ACL for the LAGC IFQ fishery for vessels issued only a LAGC IFQ scallop permit shall be equal to 5 percent of the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, after deducting incidental catch, observer set-aside, and research set-aside, as specified in this paragraph (a). The ACL for the LAGC IFQ fishery for vessels issued both a LAGC IFQ scallop permit and a limited access scallop permit shall be 0.5 percent of the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, after deducting incidental catch, observer set-aside, and research set-aside, as specified in this paragraph (a).
(i) The ACLs for the 2011 through 2013 fishing years for LAGC IFQ vessels without a limited access scallop permit are:
(A) 2011. To be determined.
(B) 2012. To be determined.
(C) 2013. To be determined.
(ii) The ACLs for the 2011 through 2013 fishing years for vessels issued both a LAGC and a limited access scallop permit are:
(A) 2011. To be determined.
(B) 2012. To be determined.
(C) 2013. To be determined.
(b) DAS allocations. DAS allocations for limited access scallop trips in all areas other than those specified in § 648.59 shall be specified through the framework adjustment process, as specified in § 648.55, using the ACT specified in paragraph (a)(3)(ii) of this section. A vessel's DAS, shall be determined and specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this section by dividing the total DAS specified in the framework adjustment by the LPUE specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, then dividing by the total number of vessels in the fleet.
(1) Landings per unit effort (LPUE). LPUE is an estimate of the average amount of scallops, in pounds, that the limited access scallop fleet lands per DAS fished. The estimated LPUE is the average LPUE for all limited access scallop vessels fishing under DAS, and shall be used to calculate DAS specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this section, the DAS reduction for the AM specified in paragraph (b)(4)(ii) of this section, and the observer set-aside DAS allocation specified in paragraph (g)(1) of this section. LPUE shall be:
(i) 2011. To be determined.
(ii) 2012. To be determined.
(iii) 2013. To be determined.
(4) Each vessel qualifying for one of the three DAS categories specified in the Start Printed Page 43764table in this paragraph (b)(4) (full-time, part-time, or occasional) shall be allocated the maximum number of DAS for each fishing year it may participate in the open area limited access scallop fishery, according to its category, excluding carryover DAS in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section. DAS allocations shall be determined by distributing the portion of ACT specified in paragraph (a)(3)(ii), as reduced by access area allocations, as specified in § 648.59, and dividing that among vessels in the form of DAS calculated by applying estimates of open area LPUE specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Part-time and occasional scallop vessels shall be equal to 40 percent and 8.33 percent of the full-time DAS allocations, respectively. The annual open area DAS allocations for each category of vessel for the fishing years indicated are as follows:
(ii) Accountability measures (AM). Unless the limited access AM exception is implemented in accordance with the provision specified in paragraph (b)(4)(iii) of this section, if the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section is exceeded for the applicable fishing year, the DAS specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this section for each limited access vessel shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount of landings in excess of the ACL divided by the applicable LPUE for the fishing year in which the AM will apply as specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, then divided by the number of scallop vessels eligible to be issued a full-time limited access scallop permit. For example, assuming a 300,000-lb (136-mt) overage of the ACL in 2011, an open area LPUE of 2,500 lb (1.13 mt) per DAS in 2012, and 313 full-time vessels, each full time vessel's DAS would be reduced by 0.38 DAS (300,000 lb (136 mt)/2,500 lb (1.13 mt) per DAS = 120 lb (0.05 mt) per DAS/313 vessels = 0.38 DAS per vessel). Deductions for part-time and occasional scallop vessels shall be equal to 40 percent and 8 percent of the full-time DAS deduction, respectively, as calculated pursuant to this paragraph (b)(4)(ii). The AM shall take effect in the fishing year following the fishing year in which the overage occurred. For example, landings in excess of the ACL in fishing year 2011 would result in the DAS reduction AM in fishing year 2012. If the AM takes effect, and a limited access vessel uses more open area DAS in the fishing year in which the AM is applied, the vessel shall have the DAS used in excess of the allocation after applying the AM deducted from its open area DAS allocation in the subsequent fishing year. For example, a vessel initially allocated 32 DAS in 2011 uses all 32 DAS prior to application of the AM. If, after application of the AM, the vessel's DAS allocation is reduced to 31 DAS, the vessel's DAS in 2012 would be reduced by 1 DAS.
(iii) Limited access AM exception—If it is determined by NMFS in accordance with paragraph (b)(4)(ii) of this section, that the fishing mortality rate associated with total scallop landings in a fishing year is less than 0.28, the AM specified in paragraph (b)(4)(ii) of this section shall not take effect. The fishing mortality rate of 0.28 is the fishing mortality that is one standard deviation below the fishing mortality rate for the scallop fishery ACL (i.e., ABC), currently estimated at 0.32.
(iv) Limited access fleet AM and exception provision timing. The Regional Administrator shall determine whether the limited access fleet exceeded its ACL specified in paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section by July of the fishing year following the year for which landings are being evaluated. On or about July 1, the Regional Administrator shall notify the New England Fishery Management Council (Council) of the determination of whether or not the ACL for the limited access fleet was exceeded, and the amount of landings in excess of the ACL. Upon this notification, the Scallop Plan Development Team (PDT) shall evaluate the overage and determine if the fishing mortality rate associated with total scallop landings is less than 0.28. On or about September 1 of each year, the Scallop PDT shall notify the Council of its determination, and the Council, on or about September 30, shall make a recommendation, based on the Scallop PDT findings, concerning whether to invoke the limited access AM exception. If NMFS concurs with the Scallop PDT recommendation to invoke the limited access AM exception, in accordance with the APA, the limited access AM shall not be implemented. If NMFS does not concur, in accordance with the APA, the limited access AM shall be implemented as soon as possible after September 30 each year.
(c) Adjustments in annual DAS allocations. Annual DAS allocations shall be established for 3 fishing years through biennial framework adjustments as specified in § 648.55. If a biennial framework action is not undertaken by the Council and implemented by NMFS before the beginning of the third year of each biennial adjustment, the third-year measures specified in the biennial framework adjustment shall remain in effect for the next fishing year. If a new biennial or other framework adjustment is not implemented by NMFS by the conclusion of the third year, the management measures from that third year would remain in place until a new action is implemented. The Council may also recommend adjustments to DAS allocations or other measures through a framework adjustment at any time.
(d) End-of-year carry-over for open area DAS. With the exception of vessels that held a Confirmation of Permit History as described in § 648.4(a)(2)(i)(J) for the entire fishing year preceding the carry-over year, limited access vessels that have unused Open Area DAS on the last day of February of any year may carry over a maximum of 10 DAS, not to exceed the total Open Area DAS allocation by permit category, into the next year. DAS carried over into the next fishing year may only be used in Open Areas. Carry-over DAS are accounted for in setting the ACT for the limited access fleet, as specified in paragraph (a)(3)(ii) of this section. Therefore, if carry-over DAS result or contribute to an overage of the ACL, the limited access fleet AM specified in paragraph (b)(4)(ii) of this section would still apply, provided the AM exception specified in paragraph (b)(4)(iii) of this section is not invoked.
(g) Set-asides for observer coverage. (1) To help defray the cost of carrying an observer, 1 percent of the ABC/ACL specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section shall be set aside to be used by vessels that are assigned to take an at-sea observer on a trip. The total TAC for observer set aside is 273 mt in fishing year 2011, 289 mt in fishing year 2012, and 287 mt in fishing year 2013. This 1 percent is divided proportionally into access areas and open areas, as specified in § 648.60(d)(1) and (g)(2) of this paragraph, respectively.
(2) DAS set-aside for observer coverage. For vessels assigned to take an at-sea observer on a trip other than an Access Area Program trip, the open-area observer set-aside TACs are 139 mt, 161 mt, and 136 mt for fishing years 2011, 2012, and 2013, respectively. The DAS set-aside shall be determined by dividing these amounts by the LPUE specified in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this Start Printed Page 43765section for each specific fishing year. The DAS set-aside for observer coverage is 137 DAS for the 2011 fishing year, 133 DAS for the 2012 fishing year, and 112 DAS for the 2013 fishing year. A vessel carrying an observer shall be compensated with reduced DAS accrual rates for each trip on which the vessel carries an observer. For each DAS that a vessel fishes for scallops with an observer on board, the DAS shall be charged at a reduced rate, based on an adjustment factor determined by the Regional Administrator on an annual basis, dependent on the cost of observers, catch rates, and amount of available DAS set-aside. The Regional Administrator shall notify vessel owners of the cost of observers and the DAS adjustment factor through a permit holder letter issued prior to the start of each fishing year. This DAS adjustment factor may also be changed during the fishing year if fishery conditions warrant such a change. The number of DAS that are deducted from each trip based on the adjustment factor shall be deducted from the observer DAS set-aside amount in the applicable fishing year. Utilization of the DAS set-aside shall be on a first-come, first-served basis. When the DAS set-aside for observer coverage has been utilized, vessel owners shall be notified that no additional DAS remain available to offset the cost of carrying observers. The obligation to carry and pay for an observer shall not be waived if set-aside is not available.
(h) * * *
(2) * * *
(iii) Contribution percentage. A vessel's contribution percentage shall be determined by dividing its contribution factor by the sum of the contribution factors of all vessels issued an IFQ scallop permit. Continuing the example in paragraph (h)(1)(ii)(D) of this section, the sum of the contribution factors for 380 IFQ scallop vessels is estimated, for the purpose of this example, to be 4.18 million lb (1,896 mt). The contribution percentage of the above vessel is 1.45 percent (60,687 lb (27,527 kg)/4.18 million lb (1,896 mt) = 1.45 percent). The contribution percentage for a vessel that is issued an IFQ scallop permit and that has permanently transferred all of its IFQ to another IFQ vessel, as specified in paragraph (h)(5)(ii) of this section, shall be equal to 0 percent.
(v) End-of-year carry-over for IFQ. (A) With the exception of vessels that held a confirmation of permit history as described in § 648.4(a)(2)(ii)(L) for the entire fishing year preceding the carry-over year, LAGC IFQ vessels that have unused IFQ on the last day of February of any year may carry over up to 15 percent of the vessel's original IFQ and transferred (either temporary or permanent) IFQ into the next fishing year. For example, a vessel with a 10,000-lb (4,536-kg) IFQ and 5,000-lb (2,268-kg) leased IFQ may carry over 2,250 lb (1,020 kg) of IFQ (i.e., 15 percent of 15,000 lb (6,804 kg) into the next fishing year if it landed 12,750 lb (5,783 kg) (i.e., 85 percent of 15,000 lb (6,804 kg) of scallops or less in the preceding fishing year. Using the same IFQ values from the example, if the vessel landed 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) of scallops, it could carry over 1,000 lb (454 kg) of scallops into the next fishing year.
(B) For accounting purposes, the combined total of all vessels' IFQ carry-over shall be added to the LAGC IFQ fleet's applicable ACL for the carry-over year. Any IFQ carried over that is landed in the carry-over fishing year shall be counted against the ACL specified in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section, as increased by the total carry-over for all LAGC IFQ vessels, as specified in this paragraph (h)(2)(v)(B). IFQ carry-over shall not be applicable to the calculation of the IFQ cap specified in paragraph (h)(3)(i) of this section and the ownership cap specified in paragraph (h)(3)(ii) of this section.
(vi) AM for the IFQ fleet. If a vessel exceeds its IFQ, including all temporarily and permanently transferred IFQ, in a fishing year, the amount of landings in excess of the vessel's IFQ, including all temporarily and permanently transferred IFQ, shall be deducted from the vessel's IFQ as soon as possible in the fishing year following the fishing year in which the vessel exceeded its IFQ. If the AM takes effect, and an IFQ vessel lands more scallops than allocated after the AM is applied, the vessel shall have the IFQ landed in excess of its IFQ after applying the AM deducted from its IFQ in the subsequent fishing year. For example, a vessel with an initial IFQ of 1,000 lb (453.6 kg) in 2010 landed 1,200 lb (544.3 kg) of scallops in 2010, and is initially allocated 1,300 lb (589.7 kg) of scallops in 2011. That vessel would be subject to an IFQ reduction equal to 200 lb (90.7 kg) to account for the 200 lb (90.7 kg) overage in 2010. If that vessel lands 1,300 lb (589.7 kg) of scallops in 2011 prior to application of the 200-lb (90.7-kg) deduction, the vessel would be subject to a deduction of 200 lb (90.7 kg) in 2012. For vessels involved in a temporary IFQ transfer, the entire deduction shall apply to the vessel that acquired IFQ, not the transferring vessel. A vessel that has an overage that exceeds its IFQ in the subsequent fishing year shall be subject to an IFQ reduction in subsequent years until the overage is paid back. For example, a vessel with an IFQ of 1,000 lb (454 kg) in each year over a 3-year period, that harvests 2,500 lb (1,134 kg) of scallops the first year, would have a 1,500-lb (680-kg) IFQ deduction, so that it would have zero pounds to harvest in year 2, and 500 lb (227 kg) to harvest in year 3. A vessel that has a “negative” IFQ balance, as described in the example, could lease or transfer IFQ to balance the IFQ, provided there are no sanctions or other enforcement penalties that would prohibit the vessel from acquiring IFQ.
(3) * * *
(i) * * *
(A) Unless otherwise specified in paragraphs (h)(3)(i)(B) and (C) of this section, a vessel issued an IFQ scallop permit or confirmation of permit history shall not be issued more than 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to the IFQ scallop vessels as described in paragraphs (a)(4)(i) and (iii) of this section.
(B) A vessel may be initially issued more than 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to the IFQ scallop vessels as described in paragraphs (a)(4)(i) of this section, if the initial determination of its contribution factor specified in accordance with § 648.4(a)(2)(ii)(E) and paragraph (h)(2)(ii) of this section, results in an IFQ that exceeds 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to the IFQ scallop vessels as described in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section. A vessel that is allocated an IFQ that exceeds 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to the IFQ scallop vessels as described in paragraphs (a)(4)(i) of this section, in accordance with this paragraph (h)(3)(i)(B), may not receive IFQ through an IFQ transfer, as specified in paragraph (h)(5) of this section.
(C) A vessel initially issued a 2008 IFQ scallop permit or confirmation of permit history, or that was issued or renewed a limited access scallop permit or confirmation of permit history for a vessel in 2009 and thereafter, in compliance with the ownership restrictions in paragraph (h)(3)(i)(A) of this section, is eligible to renew such permits(s) and/or confirmation(s) of permit history, regardless of whether the renewal of the permit or confirmations of permit history will result in the 2.5-percent IFQ cap restriction being exceeded.
(ii) * * *
(A) For any vessel acquired after June 1, 2008, a vessel owner is not eligible to be issued an IFQ scallop permit for the vessel, and/or a confirmation of permit Start Printed Page 43766history, and is not eligible to transfer IFQ to the vessel, if, as a result of the issuance of the permit and/or confirmation of permit history, or IFQ transfer, the vessel owner, or any other person who is a shareholder or partner of the vessel owner, will have an ownership interest in more than 5 percent of the ACL allocated to the IFQ scallop vessels as described in paragraphs (a)(4)(i) of this section.
(4) IFQ cost recovery. A fee, not to exceed 3 percent of the ex-vessel value of IFQ scallops harvested, shall be collected to recover the costs associated with management, data collection, and enforcement of the IFQ program. The owner of a vessel issued an IFQ scallop permit and subject to the IFQ program specified in this paragraph (h) shall be responsible for paying the fee as specified by NMFS in this paragraph (h)(4). An IFQ scallop vessel shall incur a cost recovery fee liability for every landing of IFQ scallops. The IFQ scallop permit holder shall be responsible for collecting the fee for all of its vessels' IFQ scallop landings, and shall be responsible for submitting this payment to NMFS once per year. The cost recovery fee for all landings, regardless of ownership changes throughout the fishing year, shall be the responsibility of the official owner of the vessel, as recorded in the vessel permit or confirmation of permit history file, at the time the bill is sent.
(5) * * *
(ii) Permanent IFQ transfers. Subject to the restrictions in paragraph (h)(5)(iii) of this section, the owner of an IFQ scallop vessel not issued a limited access scallop permit may transfer IFQ permanently to or from another IFQ scallop vessel. Any such transfer cannot be limited in duration and is permanent, unless the IFQ is subsequently transferred to another IFQ scallop vessel, other than the originating IFQ scallop vessel, in a subsequent fishing year. If a vessel permanently transfers its entire IFQ to another vessel, the LAGC IFQ scallop permit shall remain valid on the transferring vessel, unless the owner of the transferring vessel cancels the IFQ scallop permit. Such cancellation shall be considered voluntary relinquishment of the IFQ permit, and the vessel shall be ineligible for an IFQ scallop permit unless it replaces another vessel that was issued an IFQ scallop permit. The Regional Administrator has final approval authority for all IFQ transfer requests.
(iii) IFQ transfer restrictions. The owner of an IFQ scallop vessel not issued a limited access scallop permit that has fished under its IFQ in a fishing year may not transfer that vessel's IFQ to another IFQ scallop vessel in the same fishing year. Requests for IFQ transfers cannot be less than 100 lb (46.4 kg), unless that value reflects the total IFQ amount remaining on the transferor's vessel, or the entire IFQ allocation. IFQ can be transferred only once during a given fishing year. A transfer of an IFQ may not result in the sum of the IFQs on the receiving vessel exceeding 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to IFQ scallop vessels. A transfer of an IFQ, whether temporary or permanent, may not result in the transferee having a total ownership of, or interest in, general category scallop allocation that exceeds 5 percent of the ACL allocated to IFQ scallop vessels. Limited access scallop vessels that are also issued an IFQ scallop permit may not transfer to or receive IFQ from another IFQ scallop vessel.
(iv) Application for an IFQ transfer. The owner of a vessel applying for a transfer of IFQ must submit a completed application form obtained from the Regional Administrator. The application must be signed by both parties (transferor and transferee) involved in the transfer of the IFQ, and must be submitted to the NMFS Northeast Regional Office at least 30 days before the date on which the applicants desire to have the IFQ effective on the receiving vessel. The Regional Administrator shall notify the applicants of any deficiency in the application pursuant to this section. Applications may be submitted at any time during the scallop fishing year, provided the vessel transferring the IFQ to another vessel has not utilized any of its own IFQ in that fishing year. Applications for temporary transfers received less than 45 days prior to the end of the fishing year may not be processed in time for a vessel to utilize the transferred IFQ, if approved, prior to the expiration of the fishing year.
(A) Application information requirements. An application to transfer IFQ must contain at least the following information: Transferor's name, vessel name, permit number, and official number or state registration number; transferee's name, vessel name, permit number, and official number or state registration number; total price paid for purchased IFQ; signatures of transferor and transferee; and date the form was completed. In addition, applications to transfer IFQ must indicate the amount, in pounds, of the IFQ allocation transfer, which may not be less than 100 lb (45 kg), unless that value reflects the total IFQ amount remaining on the transferor's vessel, or the entire IFQ allocation. Information obtained from the transfer application will be held confidential, and will be used only in summarized form for management of the fishery.
(B) Approval of IFQ transfer applications. Unless an application to transfer IFQ is denied according to paragraph (h)(5)(iii)(C) of this section, the Regional Administrator shall issue confirmation of application approval to both parties involved in the transfer within 30 days of receipt of an application.
(C) Denial of transfer application. The Regional Administrator may reject an application to transfer IFQ for the following reasons: The application is incomplete; the transferor or transferee does not possess a valid limited access general category permit; the transferor's vessel has fished under its IFQ prior to the completion of the transfer request; the transferor's or transferee's vessel or IFQ scallop permit has been sanctioned, pursuant to a final administrative decision or settlement of an enforcement proceeding; the transfer will result in the transferee's vessel having an allocation that exceeds 2.5 percent of the ACL allocated to IFQ scallop vessels; the transfer will result in the transferee having a total ownership of or interest in general category scallop allocation that exceeds 5 percent of the ACL allocated to IFQ scallop vessels; or any other failure to meet the requirements of the regulations in 50 CFR 648. Upon denial of an application to transfer IFQ, the Regional Administrator shall send a letter to the applicants describing the reason(s) for the rejection. The decision by the Regional Administrator is the final agency decision, and there is no opportunity to appeal the Regional Administrator's decision. An application that was denied can be resubmitted if the discrepancy(ies) that resulted in denial are resolved.
9. Section 648.55 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) At least biennially, the Council shall assess the status of the scallop resource, determine the adequacy of the management measures to achieve scallop resource conservation objectives, and initiate a framework adjustment to establish scallop fishery management measures for the 2-year period beginning with the scallop fishing year immediately following the year in which the action is initiated. The PDT shall prepare a Stock Assessment and Fishery Evaluation Start Printed Page 43767(SAFE) Report that provides the information and analysis needed to evaluate potential management adjustments. The framework adjustment shall establish OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT, DAS allocations, rotational area management programs, percentage allocations for limited access general category vessels in Sea Scallop Access Areas, scallop possession limits, AMs, and other measures to achieve FMP objectives and limit fishing mortality. The Council's development of rotational area management adjustments shall take into account at least the following factors: General rotation policy; boundaries and distribution of rotational closures; number of closures; minimum closure size; maximum closure extent; enforceability of rotational closed and re-opened areas; monitoring through resource surveys; and re-opening criteria. Rotational closures should be considered where projected annual change in scallop biomass is greater than 30 percent. Areas should be considered for Sea Scallop Access Areas where the projected annual change in scallop biomass is less than 15 percent.
(b) The preparation of the SAFE Report shall begin on or about June 1 of the year preceding the fishing year in which measures will be adjusted.
(c) OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT, and AMs. The Council shall specify OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT, and AMs, as applicable, for each year covered under the biennial or other framework adjustment.
(1) OFL. OFL shall be based on an updated scallop resource and fishery assessment provided by either the Scallop PDT or a formal stock assessment. OFL shall include all sources of scallop mortality and shall include an upward adjustment to account for catch of scallops in state waters by vessels not issued Federal scallop permits. The fishing mortality rate (F) associated with OFL shall be the threshold F, above which, overfishing is occurring in the scallop fishery. The F associated with OFL shall be used to derive specifications for ABC, ACL, and ACT, as specified in paragraphs (a)(2) through (5) of this section.
(2) The specification of ABC, ACL, and ACT shall be based upon the following overfishing definition: The F shall be set so that in access areas, averaged for all years combined over the period of time that the area is closed and open to scallop fishing as an access area, it does not exceed the established F threshold for the scallop fishery; in open areas it shall not exceed the F threshold for the scallop fishery; and for access and open areas combined, it is set at a level that has a 75-percent probability of remaining below the F associated with ABC, as specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, taking into account all sources of fishing mortality in the limited access and LAGC fleets of the scallop fishery.
(3) ABC. The Council shall specify ABC for each year covered under the biennial or other framework adjustment. ABC shall be the catch that has an associated F that has a 75-percent probability of remaining below the F associated with OFL. ABC shall be equal to ACL for the scallop fishery.
(4) Deductions from ABC. Incidental catch, equal to the value established in § 648.53(a)(2), shall be removed from ABC/ACL. One percent of ABC/ACL shall be removed from ABC/ACL for observer set-aside. Scallop catch equal to the value specified in § 648.56(d) shall be removed from ABC/ACL for research set-aside. These deductions for incidental catch, observer set-aside, and research set-aside, shall be made prior to establishing ACLs for the limited access and LAGC fleets, as specified in paragraph (c)(4) of this section.
(5) Sub-ACLs for the limited access and LAGC fleets. The Council shall specify sub-ACLs for the limited access and LAGC fleets for each year covered under the biennial or other framework adjustment. After applying the deductions as specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, a sub-ACL equal to 94.5 percent of the ABC/ACL shall be allocated to the limited access fleet. After applying the deductions as specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, a sub-ACL of 5.5 percent of ABC/ACL shall be allocated to the LAGC fleet, so that 5 percent of ABC/ACL is allocated to the LAGC fleet of vessels that do not also have a limited access scallop permit, and 0.5 percent of the ABC/ACL is allocated to the LAGC fleet of vessels that have limited access scallop permits. This specification of sub-ACLs shall not account for catch reductions associated with the application of AMs or adjustment of the sub-ACL as a result of the disclaimer provision as specified in § 648.53(b)(4)(iii).
(6) ACT for the limited access and LAGC fleets. The Council shall specify ACTs for the limited access and LAGC fleets for each year covered under the biennial or other framework adjustment. The ACT for the limited access fishery shall be set at a level that has an associated F with a 75-percent probability of remaining below the F associated with ABC/ACL. The LAGC ACT shall be set equal to the LAGC sub-ACL as specified in paragraph (a)(5) of this section.
(7) AMs. The Council shall specify AMs for the limited access and LAGC fleets for each year covered under the biennial or other framework adjustment. For the limited access scallop fleet, AMs result in a DAS reduction for each limited access scallop vessel as specified in § 648.53(b)(4)(ii). For the LAGC scallop fleet, AMs result in an IFQ deduction for each vessel issued a LAGC scallop permit as specified in § 648.53(h)(2)(vi).
(d) Yellowtail flounder sub-ACL. The Council shall specify the yellowtail flounder sub-ACL allocated to the scallop fishery through the framework adjustment process specified in § 648.90.
(e) Third-year default management measures. The biennial framework action shall include default management measures that shall be effective in the third year unless replaced by the measures included in the next biennial framework action. If the biennial framework action is not published in the Federal Register with an effective date on or before March 1, in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act, the third-year measures shall be effective beginning March 1 of each fishing year until the framework adjustment is implemented, or for the entire fishing year if the framework adjustment is completed or is not implemented by NMFS for the third year. The framework action shall specify the measures necessary to address inconsistencies between specifications and allocations for the period after March 1 but before the framework adjustment is implemented for that year. In the case of third-year measures of a biennial adjustment being implemented, if no framework adjustment has been implemented by March 1 of the following year, the measures from the preceding year shall continue to be in effect until replaced by subsequent action.
(f) After considering the PDT's findings and recommendations, or at any other time, if the Council determines that adjustments to, or additional management measures are necessary, it shall develop and analyze appropriate management actions over the span of at least two Council meetings. To address interactions between the scallop fishery and sea turtles and other protected species, such adjustments may include proactive measures including, but not limited to, the timing of Sea Scallop Access Area openings, seasonal closures, gear modifications, increased observer coverage, and additional research. The Council shall provide the public with advance notice of the availability of Start Printed Page 43768both the proposals and the analyses, and opportunity to comment on them prior to and at the second Council meeting. The Council's recommendation on adjustments or additions to management measures must include measures to prevent overfishing of the available biomass of scallops and ensure that OY is achieved on a continuing basis, and must come from one or more of the following categories:
(1) Total allowable catch and DAS changes;
(2) Shell height;
(3) Offloading window reinstatement;
(4) Effort monitoring;
(5) Data reporting;
(6) Trip limits;
(7) Gear restrictions;
(8) Permitting restrictions;
(9) Crew limits;
(10) Small mesh line;
(11) Onboard observers;
(12) Modifications to the overfishing definition;
(13) VMS Demarcation Line for DAS monitoring;
(14) DAS allocations by gear type;
(15) Temporary leasing of scallop DAS requiring full public hearings;
(16) Scallop size restrictions, except a minimum size or weight of individual scallop meats in the catch;
(17) Aquaculture enhancement measures and closures;
(18) Closed areas to increase the size of scallops caught;
(19) Modifications to the opening dates of closed areas;
(20) Size and configuration of rotational management areas;
(21) Controlled access seasons to minimize bycatch and maximize yield;
(22) Area-specific trip allocations;
(23) TAC specifications and seasons following re-opening;
(24) Limits on number of area closures;
(25) Set-asides for funding research;
(26) Priorities for scallop-related research that is funded by research TAC set-aside;
(27) Finfish TACs for controlled access areas;
(28) Finfish possession limits;
(29) Sea sampling frequency;
(30) Area-specific gear limits and specifications;
(31) Modifications to provisions associated with observer set-asides; observer coverage; observer deployment; observer service provider; and/or the observer certification regulations;
(32) Specifications for IFQs for limited access general category vessels;
(33) Revisions to the cost recovery program for IFQs;
(34) Development of general category fishing industry sectors and fishing cooperatives;
(35) Adjustments to the Northern Gulf of Maine scallop fishery measures;
(36) VMS requirements;
(37) Increases or decreases in the LAGC possession limit;
(38) Adjustments to aspects of ACL management;
(39) Adjusting EFH closed area management boundaries or other associated measures; and
(40) Any other management measures currently included in the FMP.
(g) The Council may make recommendations to the Regional Administrator to implement measures in accordance with the procedures described in this section to address gear conflict as defined under § 600.10 of this chapter. In developing such recommendation, the Council shall define gear management areas, each not to exceed 2,700 mi2 (6,993 km2), and seek industry comments by referring the matter to its standing industry advisory committee for gear conflict, or to any ad hoc industry advisory committee that may be formed. The standing industry advisory committee or ad hoc committee on gear conflict shall hold public meetings seeking comments from affected fishers and develop findings and recommendations on addressing the gear conflict. After receiving the industry advisory committee findings and recommendations, or at any other time, the Council shall determine whether it is necessary to adjust or add management measures to address gear conflicts and which FMPs must be modified to address such conflicts. If the Council determines that adjustments or additional measures are necessary, it shall develop and analyze appropriate management actions for the relevant FMPs over the span of at least two Council meetings. The Council shall provide the public with advance notice of the availability of the recommendation, the appropriate justification and economic and biological analyses, and opportunity to comment on them prior to and at the second or final Council meeting before submission to the Regional Administrator. The Council's recommendation on adjustments or additions to management measures for gear conflicts must come from one or more of the following categories:
(1) Monitoring of a radio channel by fishing vessels;
(2) Fixed-gear location reporting and plotting requirements;
(3) Standards of operation when gear conflict occurs;
(4) Fixed-gear marking and setting practices;
(5) Gear restrictions for specific areas (including time and area closures);
(7) Restrictions on the maximum number of fishing vessels or amount of gear; and
(8) Special permitting conditions.
(h) The measures shall be evaluated and approved by the relevant committees with oversight authority for the affected FMPs. If there is disagreement between committees, the Council may return the proposed framework adjustment to the standing or ad hoc gear conflict committee for further review and discussion.
(i) Unless otherwise specified, after developing a framework adjustment and receiving public testimony, the Council shall make a recommendation to the Regional Administrator. The Council's recommendation must include supporting rationale and, if management measures are recommended, an analysis of impacts and a recommendation to the Regional Administrator on whether to publish the framework adjustment as a final rule. If the Council recommends that the framework adjustment should be published as a final rule, the Council must consider at least the following factors and provide support and analysis for each factor considered:
(1) Whether the availability of data on which the recommended management measures are based allows for adequate time to publish a proposed rule, and whether regulations have to be in place for an entire harvest/fishing season;
(2) Whether there has been adequate notice and opportunity for participation by the public and members of the affected industry, consistent with the Administrative Procedure Act, in the development of the Council's recommended management measures;
(3) Whether there is an immediate need to protect the resource or to impose management measures to resolve gear conflicts; and
(4) Whether there will be a continuing evaluation of management measures adopted following their promulgation as a final rule.
(j) If the Council's recommendation includes adjustments or additions to management measures, and if, after reviewing the Council's recommendation and supporting information:
(1) The Regional Administrator approves the Council's recommended management measures, the Secretary may, for good cause found pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act, waive the requirement for a proposed rule and opportunity for public comment in the Federal Register. The Secretary, in doing so, shall publish only the final rule. Submission of a recommendation by the Council for a Start Printed Page 43769final rule does not affect the Secretary's responsibility to comply with the Administrative Procedure Act; or
(2) The Regional Administrator approves the Council's recommendation and determines that the recommended management measures should be published first as a proposed rule, the action shall be published as a proposed rule in the Federal Register. After additional public comment, if the Regional Administrator concurs with the Council recommendation, the action shall be published as a final rule in the Federal Register; or
(3) The Regional Administrator does not concur, the Council shall be notified, in writing, of the reasons for the non-concurrence.
(k) Nothing in this section is meant to derogate from the authority of the Secretary to take emergency action under section 305(c) of the Magnuson-Stevens Act.
10. Section 648.56 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) At least biennially, in association with the biennial framework process, the Council and NMFS shall prepare and issue an announcement of Federal Funding Opportunity (FFO) that identifies research priorities for projects to be conducted by vessels using research set-aside as specified in paragraph (d) of this section and § 648.60(e), provides requirements and instructions for applying for funding of a proposed RSA project, and specifies the date by which applications must be received. The FFO shall be published as soon as possible by NMFS and shall provide the opportunity for applicants to apply for projects to be awarded for 1 or 2 years by allowing applicants to apply for RSA funding for the first year, second year, or both.
(b) Proposals submitted in response to the FFO must include the following information, as well as any other specific information required within the FFO: A project summary that includes the project goals and objectives, the relationship of the proposed research to scallop research priorities and/or management needs, project design, participants other than the applicant, funding needs, breakdown of costs, and the vessel(s) for which authorization is requested to conduct research activities.
(c) NOAA shall make the final determination as to what proposals are approved and which vessels are authorized to take scallops in excess of possession limits, or take additional trips into Open or Access Areas. NMFS shall provide authorization of such activities to specific vessels by letter of acknowledgement, letter of authorization, or Exempted Fishing Permit issued by the Regional Administrator, which must be kept on board the vessel.
(d) Available RSA allocation shall be 1.25 million lb (567 mt) annually, which shall be deducted from the ABC/ACL specified in § 648.53(a) prior to setting ACLs for the limited access and LAGC fleets, as specified in § 648.53(a)(3)(i) and (a)(4)(i), respectively. Approved RSA projects shall be allocated an amount of scallop pounds that can be harvested in open areas and available access areas. The specific access areas that are open to RSA harvest shall be specified through the framework process and identified in § 648.60(e)(1). In a year in which a framework adjustment is under review by the Council and/or NMFS, NMFS shall make RSA awards prior to approval of the framework, if practicable, based on total scallop pounds needed to fund each research project. Recipients may begin compensation fishing in open areas prior to approval of the framework, or wait until NMFS approval of the framework to begin compensation fishing within approved access areas.
(e) If all RSA TAC is not allocated in a fishing year, and proceeds from compensation fishing for approved projects fall short of funds needed to cover a project's budget due to a lower-than-expected scallop price, unused RSA allocation can be provided to that year's awarded projects to compensate for the funding shortfall, or to expand a project, rather than having that RSA go unused. NMFS shall identify the process for the reallocation of available RSA pounds as part of the FFO for the RSA program. The FFO shall specify the conditions under which a project that has been awarded RSA could be provided additional RSA pounds as supplemental compensation to account for lower-than-expected scallop price or for expansion of the project, timing of reallocation, and information submission requirements.
(f) If all RSA pounds awarded to a project cannot be harvested during the applicable fishing year, RSA TAC awarded to that project may be harvested through May 31 of the fishing year subsequent to the fishing year in which the set-aside is awarded.
(g) Vessels conducting research under an approved RSA project may be exempt from crew restrictions specified in § 648.51, seasonal closures of access areas specified in § 648.59, and the restriction on fishing in only one access area during a trip specified in § 648.60(a)(4). The RSA project proposal must list which of these measures for which an exemption is required. An exemption shall be provided by Letter of Authorization issued by the Regional Administrator. RSA compensation fishing trips and combined compensation and research trips are not eligible for these exemptions.
(h) Upon completion of scallop research projects approved pursuant to this section and the applicable NOAA grants review process, researchers must provide the Council and NMFS with a report of research findings, which must include at least the following: A detailed description of methods of data collection and analysis; a discussion of results and any relevant conclusions presented in a format that is understandable to a non-technical audience; and a detailed final accounting of all funds used to conduct the sea scallop research.
11. In § 648.59, paragraphs (b)(3) and (d)(3) are revised to read as follows.End Amendment Part
(b) * * *
(3) The Closed Area I Access Area is defined by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated (copies of a chart depicting this area are available from the Regional Administrator upon request):
|CAIA1||41°26′ N||68°30′ W|
|CAIA2||40°58′ N||68°30′ W|
|CAIA3||40°55′ N||68°53′ W|
|CAIA4||41°04.5′ N||69°01′ W|
|CAIA1||41°26′ N||68°30′ W|
(d) * * *
(3) The Nantucket Lightship Sea Scallop Access Area is defined by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated (copies of a chart depicting this area are available from the Regional Administrator upon request):
|NLAA1||40°50′ N||69°30′ W|
|NLAA2||40°50′ N||69°00′ W|
|NLAA3||40°20′ N||69°00′ W|
|NLAA4||40°20′ N||69°30′ W|
|NLAA1||40°50′ N||69°30′ W|
12. In § 648.60, paragraph (a)(5)(iii) is removed and reserved, and paragraphs (a)(9), (c)(3), and (e)(1) are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) * * *Start Printed Page 43770
(9) Reporting. The owner or operator must submit reports through the VMS, as specified in § 648.10(f)(4)(i).
(c) * * *
(3) The vessel owner/operator must report the termination of the trip prior to entering the access area if the trip is terminated while transiting to the area, or prior to leaving the Sea Scallop Access Area if the trip is terminated after entering the access area, by VMS e-mail messaging, with the following information: Vessel name, vessel owner, vessel operator, time of trip termination, reason for terminating the trip (for NMFS recordkeeping purposes), expected date and time of return to port, and amount of scallops on board in pounds;
(e) * * *
(1) Research set-aside may be harvested in an access area that is open in the applicable fishing year, as specified in § 648.59.
13. Section 648.61 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) No vessel fishing for scallops, or person on a vessel fishing for scallops, may enter, fish in, or be in the EFH Closure Areas described in paragraphs (a)(1) through (6) of this section, unless otherwise specified. A chart depicting these areas is available from the Regional Administrator upon request.
(1) Western GOM Habitat Closure Area. The restrictions specified in paragraph (a) of this section apply to the Western GOM Habitat Closure Area, which is the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
(2) Cashes Ledge Habitat Closure Area. The restrictions specified in paragraph (a) of this section apply to the Cashes Ledge Habitat Closure Area, which is the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
(3) Jeffrey's Bank Habitat Closure Area. The restrictions specified in paragraph (a) of this section apply to the Jeffrey's Bank Habitat Closure Area, which is the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
(4) Closed Area I Habitat Closure Areas. The restrictions specified in paragraph (a) of this section apply to the Closed Area I Habitat Closure Areas, Closed Area I-North and Closed Area I-South, which are the areas bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
(5) Closed Area II Habitat Closure Area. The restrictions specified in this paragraph (a) apply to the Closed Area II Habitat Closure Area (also referred to as the Habitat Area of Particular Concern), which is the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. Lat.||W. Long.|
(6) Nantucket Lightship Habitat Closure Area. The restrictions specified in paragraph (a) of this section apply to the Nantucket Lightship Habitat Closure Area, which is the area bounded by straight lines connecting the following points in the order stated:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
(b) Transiting. A vessel may transit the EFH Closure Areas as defined in paragraphs (a)(1) through (6) of this section, unless otherwise restricted, provided that its gear is stowed in accordance with the provisions of § 648.23(b). A vessel may transit the CAII EFH closed area, as defined in paragraph (a)(6) of this section, provided there is a compelling safety reason to enter the area and all gear is stowed in accordance with the provisions of § 648.23(b).
14. In § 648.62, paragraph (b)(3) is added to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(b) * * *
(3) If the TAC specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section is exceeded, the amount of NGOM scallop landings in excess of the TAC specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall be deducted from the NGOM TAC for the subsequent fishing year, as soon as practicable, once scallop landings data for the NGOM fishery is available.
15. Section 648.64 is added to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) As specified in § 648.55(d), and pursuant to the biennial framework Start Printed Page 43771adjustment process specified in § 648.90, the scallop fishery shall be allocated a sub-ACL for the Georges Bank and Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic stocks of yellowtail flounder. The sub-ACL for the 2011 through 2013 fishing years are as follows:
(1) 2011. 82 mt for the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic stock of yellowtail flounder and 200.8 mt for the Georges Bank stock of yellowtail flounder.
(2) 2012. 127 mt for the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic stock of yellowtail flounder and 307.5 mt for the Georges Bank stock of yellowtail flounder.
(3) 2013. To be determined.
(b) Georges Bank accountability measure. (1) If the Georges Bank yellowtail flounder sub-ACL for the scallop fishery is exceeded, the area defined by the following coordinates shall be closed to scallop fishing by vessels issued a limited access scallop permit for the period of time specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
|GBYT AM 1||41°50′||66°51.94′|
|GBYT AM 2||40°30.75′||65°44.96′|
|GBYT AM 3||40°30′||66°40′|
|GBYT AM 4||40°40′||66°40′|
|GBYT AM 5||40°40′||66°50′|
|GBYT AM 6||40°50′||66°50′|
|GBYT AM 7||40°50′||67°00′|
|GBYT AM 8||41°00′||67°00′|
|GBYT AM 9||41°00′||67°20′|
|GBYT AM 10||41°10′||67°20′|
|GBYT AM 11||41°10′||67°40′|
|GBYT AM 12||41°50′||67°40′|
|GBYT AM 1||41°50′||66°51.94′|
(2) Duration of closure. The Georges Bank yellowtail flounder accountability measure closed area shall remain closed for the period of time, not to exceed 1 fishing year, as specified for the corresponding percent overage of the Georges Bank yellowtail flounder sub-ACL, as follows:
(i) For years when the Closed Area II Sea Scallop Access Area is open, the closure duration shall be:
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|1||March through May.|
|2-24||March through June.|
|25-38||March through July.|
|39-57||March through August.|
|58-63||March through September.|
|64-65||March through October.|
|66-68||March through November.|
|69||March through December.|
|70 and higher||March through February.|
(ii) For fishing years when the Closed Area II Sea Scallop Access Area is closed to scallop fishing, the closure duration shall be:
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|1||March through May.|
|2||March through June.|
|3||March through July.|
|4-5||March through August.|
|6 and higher||March through February.|
(c) Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic accountability measure. (1) If the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic yellowtail flounder sub-ACL for the scallop fishery is exceeded, the area defined by the following coordinates shall be closed to scallop fishing by vessels issued a limited access scallop permit for the period of time specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section:
|Point||N. lat.||W. long.|
|SNEYT AM 1||41°28.4′||71°10.25′|
|SNEYT AM 2||41°28.57′||71°10′|
|SNEYT AM 3||41°20′||71°10′|
|SNEYT AM 4||41°20′||70°50′|
|SNEYT AM 5||41°20′||70°30′|
|SNEYT AM 6||41°18′||70°15′|
|SNEYT AM 7||41°17.69′||70°12.54′|
|SNEYT AM 8||41°14.73′||70°00′|
|SNEYT AM 9||39°50′||70°00′|
|SNEYT AM 10||39°50′||71°00′|
|SNEYT AM 11||39°50′||71°40′|
|SNEYT AM 12||40°00′||71°40′|
|SNEYT AM 13||40°00′||73°00′|
|SNEYT AM 14||40°41.23′||73°00′|
|SNEYT AM 15||41°00′||71°55′|
|SNEYT AM 16||41°00′||71°40′|
|SNEYT AM 17||41°20′||71°40′|
|SNEYT AM 18||41°21.15′||71°40′|
(2) Duration of closure. The Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic yellowtail flounder accountability measure closed area shall remain closed for the period of time, not to exceed 1 fishing year, as specified for the corresponding percent overage of the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic yellowtail flounder sub-ACL, as follows:
|Percent overage of YTF sub-ACL||Length of closure|
|3-5||March and April.|
|6-8||March through May.|
|Start Printed Page 43772|
|9-12||March through June.|
|13-14||March through July.|
|15||March through August.|
|16||March through September.|
|17||March through October.|
|18||March through November.|
|19||March through January.|
|20 and higher||March through February.|
(d) Exemption for LAGC IFQ vessels. Vessels issued an LAGC IFQ permit and fishing under the LAGC IFQ scallop fishery shall be exempt from the closure(s) specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section. Yellowtail bycatch by such vessels shall be counted against the applicable yellowtail flounder sub-ACL specified in paragraph (a) of this section.
(e) Process for implementing the AM. On or about January 15 of each year, the Regional Administrator shall determine whether a yellowtail flounder sub-ACL was exceeded, or is projected to be exceeded, by scallop vessels prior to the end of the scallop fishing year ending on February 28/29. The determination shall include the amount of the overage or projected amount of the overage, specified as a percentage of the overall sub-ACL for the applicable yellowtail flounder stock, in accordance with the values specified in paragraph (a) of this section. The Regional Administrator shall implement the AM in accordance with the APA and notify owners of limited access scallop vessels by letter identifying the length of the closure and a summary of the yellowtail flounder catch, overage, and projection that resulted in the closure.
(f) AM for the 2011 fishing year. AMs shall be applied in the 2011 fishing year for any overage of the applicable yellowtail flounder stock's total ACL in the 2010 fishing year in accordance with the APA. If a 2010 yellowtail flounder subcomponent catch allocation was exceeded in the 2010 fishing year, and that overage caused the total yellowtail flounder ACL for that stock specified in accordance with § 648.90(a)(4) and § 648.90(a)(6) to be exceeded, the Regional Administrator shall implement the yellowtail flounder AM closure for the area, as defined in paragraph (b)(1) or (c)(1) of this section as soon as practicable after the effective date of this regulation. The closure shall be effective on the date specified by the Regional Administrator and the area shall remained closed for a period of time equal to the period of time specified in paragraphs (b)(2)(i)(A), (b)(2)(i)(B), or (c)(2) of this section, as applicable. For example, if the overage is 3 to 5 percent for the Southern New England/Mid-Atlantic yellowtail stock, and the closure is effective beginning July 15, 2011, the closure shall remain in effect through September 15, 2011, a 2-month period equivalent to the March-April, 2-month closure specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section.
[FR Doc. 2011-18311 Filed 7-20-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-22-P