On October 28, 2010, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) Timothy D. Wing, issued the attached recommended decision. The Respondent did not file exceptions to the decision.
Having reviewed the record in its entirety  including the ALJ's recommended decision, I have decided to adopt the ALJ's rulings, findings of fact, conclusions of law, and recommended Order.
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by 21 U.S.C. 823(f) and 824(a), as well as 21 CFR 0.100(b) and 0.104, I order that DEA Certificate of Registration, BL1667596, issued to Sheryl Lavender, D.O., be, and it hereby is, revoked. I further order that any pending application of Sheryl Lavender, D.O., to renew or modify her registration, be, and it hereby is, denied. This Order is effective immediately.Start Signature
Dated: July 27, 2011.
Michele M. Leonhart,
Brian Bayly, Esq.,
for the Government.
Shawn B. McKamey, Esq.,
for the Respondent.
Recommended Ruling, Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, and Decision of the Administrative Law Judge
Timothy D. Wing, Administrative Law Judge. On July 26, 2010, the Deputy Administrator, DEA, issued an Order to Show Cause and Immediate Suspension (OSC/IS) of DEA COR BL1667596, dated July 26, 2010, and served on Respondent on August 2, 2010. The OCS/IS alleged that Respondent's continued registration constitutes an imminent danger to the public health and safety. The OSC/IS also provided notice to Respondent of an opportunity to show cause as to why the DEA should not revoke Respondent's DEA COR BL1667596 pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 824(a)(4), on the grounds that Respondent lacks authority to handle controlled substances in Florida, the state in which she maintains her DEA registration, and on the grounds that Respondent's continued registration would be inconsistent with the public interest under 21 U.S.C. 823(f). On August 31, 2010, Respondent, acting pro se, in a letter dated August 23, 2010, timely requested a hearing with the DEA Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ).
I issued an Order for Prehearing Statements on September 8, 2010. On the same date, OALJ sent Respondent a letter informing her of her right to representation under 21 CFR 1316.50.
On September 10, 2010, the Government filed a Motion for Summary Judgment. On September 13, 2010, I issued an order directing Respondent to reply to the Government's motion by September 20, 2010. On September 17, 2010, Respondent, through counsel, filed Respondent's Unopposed Motion for Extension of Time to Allow Respondent to Answer Motion for Summary Judgment, seeking an extension of time so that Respondent might obtain Start Printed Page 48898permanent counsel. I granted that motion on September 17, 2010, and granted Respondent until October 12, 2010, to respond to the Government's motion.
On October 12, 2010, having secured permanent counsel, Respondent filed a second unopposed motion requesting additional time to respond. I granted that motion on October 13, 2010, and granted Respondent until October 15, 2010, to respond to the Government's Motion for Summary Judgment.
On October 15, 2010, Respondent timely filed her response to the Government's Motion for Summary Judgment.
II. The Parties' Contentions
A. The Government
In support of its motion for summary judgment, the Government asserts that on May 7, 2010, the State of Florida, Department of Health, issued an Order of Emergency Suspension of Respondent's osteopathic medical license, and that Respondent consequently lacks authority to possess, dispense or otherwise handle controlled substances in Florida, the jurisdiction in which she maintains her DEA registration. The Government contends that such state authority is a necessary condition for maintaining a DEA COR and therefore asks that I summarily recommend to the Deputy Administrator that Respondent's COR be revoked. In support of its motion, the Government attaches three documents: (1) The Emergency Order of Suspension referred to above; (2) a copy of Respondent's request for a hearing, filed August 31, 2010, in which Respondent denies that the state suspension “should remain in full force and effect, thereby prohibiting Sheryl Lavender, D.O., from practicing medicine, and prescribing medications to patients” (Gov't Mot. Sum. J. at 2 ¶(3) (citing Resp't Req. Hg. at 1 ¶(B)(2))); and (3) a printout dated September 9, 2010, from a Web site maintained by the Florida Department of Health indicating that Respondent's suspension remained in effect as of that date.
Respondent opposes summary judgment and seeks the opportunity to “discuss the merits of this matter.” (Resp't Opp'n Gov't Mot. Sum. J. 2 ¶5.) In sum and in substance, Respondent argues that while “it is technically true Respondent lacks state authorization to practice medicine at this time, this shall soon be remedied and having the DEA registration withdrawn or otherwise revoked would unnecessarily elongate Dr. Lavender's return to medicine * * *.” (Id. at 1 ¶2.) Respondent also seeks to present evidence contesting two assertions: first, that she failed to comply with federal law in prescribing controlled substances; and second, that her continued registration would be a danger to the public. (Id. at 2 ¶4.) Finally, Respondent raises an estoppel and detrimental reliance argument, but concedes “this particular tribunal is not the appropriate forum in which to argue [those] grounds.” (Id. at ¶3.)
At issue is whether Respondent may maintain her DEA COR given that Florida has suspended her state license to practice medicine.
Under 21 U.S.C. 824(a)(3), a practitioner's loss of state authority to engage in the practice of medicine and to handle controlled substances is grounds to revoke a practitioner's registration. Accordingly, this agency has consistently held that a person may not hold a DEA registration if she is without appropriate authority under the laws of the state in which she does business. See Scott Sandarg, D.M.D., 74 FR 17,528 (DEA 2009); David W. Wang, M.D., 72 FR 54,297 (DEA 2007); Sheran Arden Yeates, M.D., 71 FR 39,130 (DEA 2006); Dominick A. Ricci, M.D., 58 FR 51,104 (DEA 1993); Bobby Watts M.D., 53 FR 11,919 (DEA 1988).
Summary judgment in a DEA suspension case is warranted even if the period of suspension of a Respondent's state medical license is temporary, or even if there is the potential for reinstatement of state authority because “revocation is also appropriate when a state license had been suspended, but with the possibility of future reinstatement.” Stuart A. Bergman, M.D., 70 FR 33,193 (DEA 2005); Roger A. Rodriguez, M.D., 70 FR 33,206 (DEA 2005).
It is well-settled that when no question of fact is involved, or when the material facts are agreed upon, a plenary, adversarial administrative proceeding is not required, under the rationale that Congress does not intend administrative agencies to perform meaningless tasks. See Layfe Robert Anthony, M.D., 67 FR 35,582 (DEA 2002); Michael G. Dolin, M.D., 65 FR 5661 (DEA 2000); see also Philip E. Kirk, M.D., 48 FR 32,887 (DEA 1983), aff'd sub nom. Kirk v. Mullen, 749 F.2d 297 (6th Cir. 1984); Puerto Rico Aqueduct & Sewer Auth. v. EPA, 35 F.3d 600, 605 (1st Cir. 1994).
In the instant case, the Government asserts, and Respondent concedes, that Respondent's Florida medical license is presently suspended. While Respondent disagrees that the state suspension of her Florida medical license “should remain in full force and effect, thereby prohibiting [her] from practicing medicine and prescribing medication to patients,” (Resp't Req. Hg. at 1 ¶ (B)(2) (emphasis supplied)), she does not deny that the state suspension presently removes the state authority upon which her DEA registration is premised. To the contrary, she admits “it is technically true Respondent lacks state authorization to practice medicine at this time * * * .” (Resp't Opp'n Gov't Mot. Sum. J. 1 ¶2.)
I therefore find that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact, and that substantial evidence shows that Respondent is presently without state authority to handle controlled substances in Florida. Because “DEA does not have statutory authority under the Controlled Substances Act to maintain a registration if the registrant is without state authority to handle controlled substances in the state in which he practices,” Sheran Arden Yeates, M.D., 71 FR 39,130, 39,131 (DEA 2006), I do not reach Respondent's other contentions. Under the circumstances discussed above, I conclude that further delay in ruling on the Government's Motion for Summary Judgment is not warranted.
I grant the Government's motion for summary judgment and recommend that Respondent's DEA COR BL1667596 be revoked and any pending applications denied.Start Signature
Dated: October 28, 2010.
Timothy D. Wing,
Administrative Law Judge.
1. I note that the Government also cited 21 U.S.C. 824(a)(3) in both the Order to Show Cause and its Motion for Summary Judgment as authority for revoking Respondent's registration. See Order to Show Cause, at 2; Mot. for Summ. Judg., at 2-3.Back to Citation
1. In Respondent's first motion for an extension of time, counselor Patrick R. McKamey stated that he represents Respondent in a separate criminal case; that he practices exclusively in criminal litigation; and that he filed a limited appearance in this case only so that Respondent might retain permanent counsel for these administrative proceedings.Back to Citation
2. Shawn B. McKamey, Esq., filed his notice of appearance on October 13, 2010.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 2011-20068 Filed 8-8-11; 8:45 am]
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