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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Infrastructure State Implementation Plan Requirement To Address Interstate Transport for the 2006 24-Hour PM2.5

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

EPA is approving a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Delaware on September 16, 2009, as supplemented on April 27, 2011. The revision satisfies the Clean Air Act (CAA) infrastructure requirement that each State's plan contain adequate provisions prohibiting its emissions from contributing significantly to nonattainment in, or interfering with maintenance by, any other state with respect to the 2006 24-hour fine particulate matter (PM2.5) national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). EPA is approving this revision in accordance with the requirements of the CAA.

DATES:

Effective Date: This final rule is effective on September 28, 2011.

ADDRESSES:

EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R03-OAR-2010-1027. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy for public inspection during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, 89 Kings Highway, P.O. Box 1401, Dover, Delaware 19903.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Marilyn Powers, (215) 814-2308, or by e-mail at powers.marilyn@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

On January 18, 2011 (76 FR 2853), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for the State of Delaware. The NPR proposed approval, and in the alternative, proposed disapproval of Delaware's infrastructure SIP submittal intended to address significant contribution to nonattainment or interference with maintenance in another state with respect to the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS, as required by section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) of the CAA. The formal SIP revision was submitted by the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) on September 16, 2009. As discussed in EPA's January 18, 2011 NPR (76 FR 2853), DNREC supplemented its September 16, 2009 submittal with a technical analysis submitted to EPA for parallel-processing on December 9, 2010. Since the time of EPA's January 18, 2011 NPR, DNREC took the supplemental technical analysis, for which it has requested parallel-processing, through the public notice and hearing procedures required for SIP revisions by section 110 of the CAA. On April 27, 2011, DNREC submitted the technical analysis to EPA as a formal supplement to its September 16, 2009 submittal. The technical analysis submitted on April 27, 2011 is exactly the same as the technical analysis for which DNREC requested parallel-processing on December 9, 2010, and which was included in the rulemaking docket (EPA-R03-OAR-2010-1027) for EPA's January 18, 2011 NPR (76 FR 2853).

This final action addresses only those portions of Delaware's September 16, 2009 submittal that address the 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) requirements relating to significant contribution to nonattainment or interference with maintenance in another state with respect to the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS. EPA has taken separate action on certain other portions of Delaware's September 16, 2009 submittal. (See Docket ID No. EPA-R03-OAR-2010-0158.)

II. EPA's Evaluation of the SIP Revision

In the January 18, 2011 NPR (76 FR 2853), EPA proposed to approve, and in the alternative, proposed to disapprove Delaware's SIP revision to address significant contribution to nonattainment or interference with maintenance in another state with respect to the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS. The NPR explained that if in the course of reviewing and preparing responses to the comments submitted on the proposed “Federal Implementation Plans to Reduce Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone” (75 FR 45210, August 2, 2010, also known as the Transport Rule), EPA's additional modeling and the adjustments made to its technical analyses indicate that the State of Delaware should not be subject to or covered by the final Transport Rule, EPA would take final action to approve DNREC's SIP. Alternatively, if in the course of reviewing and preparing responses to the comments submitted on the proposed Transport Rule, EPA's additional modeling and the adjustments made to its technical analyses indicate that the State of Delaware should be subject to and covered by the final Transport Rule, EPA would to take final action to disapprove Delaware's SIP revision for infrastructure element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) for the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS. The full explanation and rationale for EPA's proposed action is discussed in the NPR and will not be restated here.

On July 6, 2011, EPA promulgated the Transport Rule, now referred to as the “Cross-State Air Pollution Rule” (CSAPR). EPA's review of the comments submitted on the proposed Transport Rule and the additional modeling and adjustments made to the technical analyses for the final CSAPR indicate that the State of Delaware is meeting its obligations to address the requirements of CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I). EPA has, therefore, determined that Delaware is not subject to or covered by the CSAPR. For additional information on the final CSAPR, including the technical support documents and the rationale for EPA's final determination that Delaware does not significantly contribute to any other state's ability to attain or maintain the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS, please see Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2009-0491 for the Federal Implementation Start Printed Page 53639Plan to Reduce Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone.

III. Final Action

EPA is approving Delaware's September 16, 2009 SIP revision as supplemented on April 27, 2011. This SIP revision satisfies the CAA infrastructure requirement that each SIP contain adequate provisions prohibiting emissions within the State from contributing significantly to nonattainment in, or interfere with maintenance by, any other state with respect to the 2006 24-hour fine particulate matter (PM2.5) NAAQS.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by October 28, 2011. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action approving Delaware's infrastructure SIP to address the requirements of CAA section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) for the 2006 PM2.5 NAAQS may not challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

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Dated: August 11, 2011.

W.C. Early,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region III.

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40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

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PART 52—[AMENDED]

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart I—Delaware

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2. In § 52.420, the table in paragraph (e) is amended by adding the entry for Infrastructure element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) related to interstate transport at the end of the table to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(e) * * *

Name of non-regulatory SIP revisionApplicable geographic or nonattainment areaState submittal dateEPA approval dateAdditional explanation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Infrastructure element 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) related to interstate transportStatewide9/16/09; 4/27/118/29/11 [Insert page number where the document begins]
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[FR Doc. 2011-21935 Filed 8-26-11; 8:45 am]

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