U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security.
Notice of final determination.
This document provides notice that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) has issued a final determination concerning the country of origin of a Surgical Mask with a Protective Eye Shield. Based upon the facts presented, CBP has concluded in the final determination that Turkey is the country of origin of the Surgical Mask with a Protective Eye Shield, for purposes of U.S. Government procurement.
The final determination was issued on October 5, 2011. A copy of the final determination is attached. Any party-at-interest, as defined in 19 CFR 177.22(d), may seek judicial review of this final determination on or before November 14, 2011.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert Dinerstein, Valuation and Special Programs Branch: (202) 325-0132.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Notice is hereby given that on October 5, 2011, pursuant to subpart B of part 177, Customs Regulations (19 CFR part 177, subpart B), CBP issued a final determination concerning the country of origin of the Surgical Mask with a Protective Eye Shield, which may be offered to the U.S. Government under an undesignated government procurement contract. This final determination, in HQ H175429, was issued at the request of Berkley Surgical Company, Inc. under procedures set forth at 19 CFR part 177, subpart B, which implements Title III of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2511-18). In the final determination, CBP explained that, because the surgical mask is classified in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) as a textile product, its country of origin is governed by the country of origin rules for textile products, which is set forth in 19 U.S.C. 3592. The country of origin rules for textile products are implemented by the CBP Regulations at 19 CFR 102.21. Applying the specific rule of origin in 19 CFR 102.21 for products classified in subheading 6370.90, HTSUS, we determined that because the manufacturing process involved in producing the surgical face mask occurs in Turkey, the country of origin of the surgical mask with an eye-shield for purposes of government procurement is Turkey.
Section 177.29, Customs Regulations (19 CFR 177.29), provides that notice of final determinations shall be published in the Federal Register within 60 days of the date the final determination is issued. Section 177.30, CBP Regulations (19 CFR 177.30), provides that any party-at-interest, as defined in 19 CFR 177.22(d), may seek judicial review of a final determination within 30 days of publication of such determination in the Federal Register.Start Signature
Dated: October 5, 2011.
Sandra L. Bell,
Executive Director, Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade.
October 5, 2011
MAR-02 OT:RR:CTF:VS H175429 RSD
Mr. Domenic Tommarello, Vice President
Berkley Surgical Company
49 Virginia Avenue
Uniontown, Pennsylvania 15401
RE: Final Determination; U.S. Government Procurement; Country of Origin of a Surgical Face Mask with a Protective Eye Shield; 19 CFR § 177.21; Textile Rules of Origin, 19 CFR § 102.21(c)(4)
This is in response to a letter dated June 27, 2011, requesting a final determination pursuant to subpart B Part 177, Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) Regulations (19 CFR § 177.21 et. seq.). Under these regulations, which implement Title III of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (codified at 19 U.S.C. § 2511 et seq.), CBP issues country of origin advisory rulings and final determinations on whether an article is or would be a product of a designated country or instrumentality for the purpose of granting waivers of certain “Buy American” restrictions in U.S. law or practice for products offered for sale to the U.S. Government. This final determination concerns the country of origin of a fluid resistant surgical face mask with an eye shield. We note that Berkley Surgical Company (Berkley) is a party-at-interest Start Printed Page 63943within the meaning of 19 CFR § 177.22(d)(1) and is entitled to request this final determination.
The product at issue is a surgical face mask with an eye shield. The product is made to be compliant with the United States Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) requirements for such medical devices. Berkley imports fluid resistant surgical face masks without the eye shields from Turkey. According to the information submitted, the surgical face masks without eye shields are manufactured in Turkey. The outer facing of the surgical face masks are made from printed cellulose or colored polypropylene spun bond non-woven. The surgical mask has two filters inside of it. The first filter is made from 100 percent melt-blown polypropylene and is made in the U.S. The second filter is made of non-woven netting. The inner facing of the mask is made from a white cellulose material. In order to keep the surgical mask in place, it contains a nose wire made from aluminum or coated metal wire. To tie the mask around the face, edge tapes and tie tapes made of polypropylene or polyester non-woven are used. The surgical mask has ear loops made from knitted polyester. All of the other fabrics used in producing the surgical face mask are made in Turkey.
After the surgical mask is imported into the U.S., the transparent eye shield is permanently attached to it through an ultrasonic bonding process. The eye shield provides the wearer splash protection for the eyes, nose and mouth area in a single-device. This eliminates the need for separate and more expensive eye-wear. The eye-shield is made in the United States of optical quality polyester film. The eye-shield accounts for more than 68 percent of the total value of the finished product. The final product is packaged in the United States with packer boxes and shipper boxes manufactured in the United States.
You have indicated that the finished surgical face mask with an eye-shield is classified in subheading 6307.90.98 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS). Samples were submitted with your request.
What is the country of origin of the finished surgical mask with a protective eye shield for purposes of U.S. government procurement?
LAW AND ANALYSIS:
Pursuant to subpart B of part 177, 19 C.F.R § 177.21 et seq., which implements Title III of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979, as amended (19 U.S.C. § 2511 et seq.), CBP issues country of origin advisory rulings and final determinations as to whether an article is or would be a product of a designated country or instrumentality for the purpose of granting waivers of certain “Buy American” restrictions in U.S. law or practice for products offered for sale to the U.S. Government.
Under the rule of origin set forth under 19 U.S.C. § 2518(4)(B):
An article is a product of a country or instrumentality only if (i) it is wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of that country or instrumentality, or (ii) in the case of an article which consists in whole or in part of materials from another country or instrumentality, it has been substantially transformed into a new and different article of commerce with a name, character, or use distinct from that of the article or articles from which it was so transformed.
See also 19 C.F.R § 177.22(a) defining “country of origin” in identical terms.
In rendering advisory rulings and final determinations for purposes of U.S. Government procurement, CBP applies the provisions of Subpart B of Part 177 consistent with the Federal Procurement Regulations. See 19 CFR § 177.21. In this regard, CBP recognizes that the Federal Procurement Regulations restrict the U.S. Government's purchase of products to U.S.-made or designated country end products for acquisitions subject to the TAA. See 48 CFR § 25.403(c)(1).
The Federal Procurement Regulations define “U.S.-made end product” as: * * * an article that is mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States or that is substantially transformed in the United States into a new and different article of commerce with a name, character, or use distinct from that of the article or articles from which it was transformed. See 48 CFR § 25.003. Therefore, the question presented in this final determination is whether, as a result of the operations performed in the United States, the imported surgical face mask is substantially transformed into a product of the United States.
With regard to the surgical face mask with a protective eye shield at issue, your request involves determining whether the article is a U.S.-made end product or a product of Turkey. The information submitted indicates that the surgical mask is made chiefly from non-woven textile fabrics. You also indicate that it is classified in subheading 6307.90.98, HTSUS, as a textile product. The rules of origin for textile products for purposes of the customs laws and the administration of quantitative restrictions are governed by 19 U.S.C. § 3592, unless otherwise provided for by statute. See Headquarters Ruling (HQ) H112725 dated October 6, 2010. These provisions are implemented in the CBP Regulations at 19 CFR § 102.21. Section 3592 has been described as Congress's expression of substantial transformation as it relates to textile products. Therefore, country of origin of the surgical face mask for government procurement purposes will be determined under the textile rules of origin.
As the finished surgical face mask is produced by processing in more than one country, its origin cannot be determined by application of 19 CFR § 102.21(c)(1), wholly obtained or produced rule, and resort must be made to 19 CFR § 102.21(c)(2). Section 102.21(c)(2) states that the origin of a good is the country “in which each foreign material incorporated in that good underwent an applicable change in tariff classification, and/or met any other requirement, specified for the good in paragraph (e) of [102.21].” Section 102.21(e) provides in pertinent part:
The following rules will apply for purposes of determining the country of origin of a textile or apparel product under paragraph (c)(2) of this section:
6307.90 The country of origin of a good classifiable under subheading 6307.90 is the country, territory, or insular possession in which the fabric comprising the good was formed by a fabric-making process.
As you have indicated, while most of the fabric used in producing the surgical face mask is made in Turkey, the melt-blown polypropylene fabric used in one of the filter linings of the surgical mask is made in the United States. Consequently, there is more than one country involved in the fabric-making process, and thus 19 CFR § 102.21(c)(2) is inapplicable.
19 CFR § 102.21(c)(3) states in pertinent part,
Where the country of origin of a textile or apparel cannot be determined under paragraph (c)(1) or (2) of this section:
(ii) Except for goods of * * * subheading * * * 6307.90 * * * if the good was not knit to shape and the good was wholly assembled in a single country, territory, or insular possession, the country of origin of the good is the country, territory, or insular possession in which the good was wholly assembled.
As the subject merchandise is not knit to shape, and is classified in heading 6307.90, HTSUS, section 102.21(c)(3) is also inapplicable.
Section 102.21(c)(4) states, “Where the country of origin of a textile or apparel product cannot be determined under paragraph (c)(1), (2) or (3) of this section, the country of origin of the good is the single country, territory or insular possession in which the most important assembly or manufacturing process occurred”.
In this case, there are two basic processes involved in producing the finished good. The first process is the manufacture of the surgical face mask in Turkey from the various non-woven textile fabrics. The second process is the attachment of the protective eye-shield to the surgical face mask using ultrasonic bonding which occurs in the United States. We believe of these two processes that the more important one is the manufacturing process of the surgical face mask from the various fabrics in Turkey. The surgical face mask is the more significant part of the completed item because even without the protective eye-shield, the surgical face mask can still be worn across the face and be used when performing surgical procedures. On the other hand, the protective eye-shield must be attached to the surgical mask; otherwise, it is completely useless. The assembly of eye-shield to the surgical mask constitutes only an enhancement to the surgical face mask, but it does not change the fundamental nature or the basic use of the product. In addition, the manufacture of the surgical facial mask from the various fabrics seems to be a more complex operation then the relatively simple assembly operation of using an ultrasonic bonding process to attach the protective eye-shield to the surgical face mask. Consequently, we conclude that the manufacture of the surgical face mask from various non-woven fabrics occurring in Start Printed Page 63944Turkey is the most important process involved in producing the finished product. Therefore, we find in accordance with 19 CFR § 102.21(c)(4), the country of origin of the surgical face mask with a protective eye-shield for purposes of government procurement is Turkey.
Based on the facts and analysis set forth above, the finished surgical face mask with a protective eye-shield is a product of Turkey for the purpose of government procurement.
Notice of this final determination will be given in the Federal Register, as required by 19 CFR § 177.29. Any party-at-interest other than the party which requested the final determination may request, pursuant to 19 CFR § 177.31, that CBP reexamine the matter anew and issue a new final determination. Any party-at-interest may, within 30 days after publication of the Federal Register notice referenced above, seek judicial review of this final determination before the Court of International Trade.
Sandra L. Bell,
Executive Director, Office of Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade.End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. 2011-26550 Filed 10-13-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 9111-14-P