Department of State.
The Department of State is amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to reflect changes in the requirements for the return of licenses. Applicants are no longer required to return certain expired DSP-5s. This change will reduce the administrative burden on applicants.
Effective Date: This rule is effective November 4, 2011.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Nicholas Memos, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Department of State, (202) 663-2829 or FAX (202) 261-8199; Email firstname.lastname@example.org, Attn: ITAR Amendment—License Return.
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The Department of State is amending § 123.22(c) to institute changes in the requirements for the return of licenses. With this change, applicants with DSP-5 licenses that have been issued electronically by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) and decremented electronically by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) through the Automated Export System (AES) are no longer required to return them to DDTC when they expire, to include when the total authorized value or quantity has been shipped. The return of these licenses is redundant and unnecessary as all of the export information has been captured and saved electronically. If a DSP-5 license issued electronically is decremented physically in one or more instance the license must be returned to the Department of State.
All other DSP-5 licenses that do not meet the criteria described above, and all DSP-61, DSP-73, and DSP-85 licenses, and DSP-94 authorizations, must be returned by the applicant, or the government agency with which the license or authorization was filed, to DDTC, as these licenses and authorizations are not decremented electronically, even if an Electronic Export Information is filed via AES.
New § 123.22(c)(3) addresses the return of the DSP-94 authorization.
New § 123.22(c)(4) provides that licenses issued but not used by the applicant do not need to be returned to DDTC.
New § 123.22(c)(5) provides that licenses which have been revoked by DDTC are considered expired.
Section 123.21(b) is amended to conform to the changes to § 123.22(c).
This rule was first presented as a proposed rule for public comment on July 14, 2011. That comment period ended August 29, 2011. Three comments were received. The Department's evaluation of the written comments and recommendations are as follows.
One commenting party recommended the Department revise the provision regarding the return of the DSP-85, as the issued license is not held by the applicant, but by an officer of the Defense Security Service. The Department accepted this recommendation, and has revised § 123.22(c)(2) to provide that “the government agency with which the license or authorization was filed” may also return an expired license or authorization to the Department.
One commenting party recommended revising the sentence in § 123.22(c)(1) addressing the maintenance of records. The commenting party correctly pointed out that, as drafted in the proposed rule, the requirement to maintain records of an electronically issued and decremented DSP-5 pertained only when the license was fully decremented or expired, when in fact the requirement, per ITAR § 122.5, is for record maintenance on an ongoing basis. Section (c)(1) is revised accordingly.
One commenting party recommended revising a section of the ITAR not the subject of this rule. The Department, Start Printed Page 68312though, takes this opportunity to address the recommendation. The commenting party recommended revising ITAR § 123.22(a)(1) to allow the exporter to present to CBP an electronically issued DSP-5 license at the time of permanent export, and not prior to filing the license in the Automated Export System. This procedure is a requirement set by CBP, for enforcement purposes, and not by the Department.
One commenting party recommended the elimination of the requirement to return any expired license to the Department, stating that it is inefficient, redundant of other recordkeeping requirements, and not in keeping with the Department's initiative to provide end-to-end electronic licensing. The Department observes that while it has instituted electronic processes for the majority of defense trade licensing transactions, it has not completed this initiative. Therefore, certain requirements cannot be completed electronically by the public. This includes providing the Department with a record of certain expired licenses. As an alternative, the commenting party suggested providing D-Trade, the Department's electronic licensing system, as a means of returning certain expired licenses, but D-Trade is currently not configured to support this function. The Department also observes that the recordkeeping requirement of ITAR § 122.5 pertains to registrants; for enforcement purposes, the Department also must have record of which exports were completed from approved authorizations. For the foregoing reasons, the Department did not accept this commenting party's recommendation.
Having thoroughly reviewed and evaluated the written comments and recommended changes, the Department has determined that it will accept, and hereby does adopt with the noted changes, the proposed rule as a final rule.
Regulatory Analysis and Notices
Administrative Procedure Act
The Department of State is of the opinion that controlling the import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs function of the United States Government and that rules implementing this function are exempt from § 553 (Rulemaking) and § 554 (Adjudications) of the Administrative Procedure Act. Although the Department is of the opinion that this rule is exempt from the rulemaking provisions of the APA, the Department published this rule with a 45-day provision for public comment and without prejudice to its determination that controlling the import and export of defense services is a foreign affairs function.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Since this amendment is not subject to the notice-and-comment procedures of 5 U.S.C. 553, it does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This amendment does not involve a mandate that will result in the expenditure by State, local, and Tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any year and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
The Department has determined that this rule will not have Tribal implications, will not impose substantial direct compliance costs on Indian Tribal governments, and will not pre-empt Tribal law. Accordingly, the requirements of Executive Order 13175 do not apply to this rule.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This amendment has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996.
Executive Orders 12372 and 13132
This amendment will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this amendment does not have sufficient federalism implications to require consultations or warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. The regulations implementing Executive Order 12372 regarding intergovernmental consultation on Federal programs and activities do not apply to this amendment.
Executive Order 12866
The Department of State does not consider this rule to be a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review. The Department is of the opinion that controlling the import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign affairs function of the United States Government and that rules governing the conduct of this function are exempt from the requirements of Executive Order 12866.
The Department of State has considered this rule in light of Executive Order 13563, dated January 18, 2011, and affirms that this regulation is consistent with the guidance therein.
The Department of State has reviewed the amendment in light of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 to eliminate ambiguity, minimize litigation, establish clear legal standards, and reduce burden.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. chapter 35.
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Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, part 123 is amended as follows:
PART 123—LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES
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1. The authority citation for part 123 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
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2. Section 123.21 is amended by revising the section heading and paragraph (b) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
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Duration, renewal, and disposition of licenses.
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(b) Unused, expired, suspended, or revoked licenses must be handled in accordance with § 123.22(c) of this subchapter.
3. Section 123.22 is amended by revising paragraph (c) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Filing, retention, and return of export licenses and filing of export information.
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(c) Return of licenses. Per § 123.21 of this subchapter, all DSP licenses issued by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) must be disposed of in accordance with the following:Start Printed Page 68313
(1) A DSP-5 license issued electronically by DDTC and decremented electronically by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection through the Automated Export System (AES) is not required to be returned to DDTC. If a DSP-5 license issued electronically is decremented physically in one or more instance the license must be returned DDTC. A copy of the DSP-5 license must be maintained by the applicant in accordance with § 122.5 of this subchapter.
(2) DSP-5, DSP-61, DSP-73, and DSP-85 licenses issued by DDTC but not decremented electronically by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection through AES (e.g., oral or visual technical data releases or temporary import and export licenses retained in accordance with paragraph (a)(2) of this section), must be returned by the applicant, or the government agency with which the license was filed, to DDTC upon expiration, to include when the total authorized value or quantity has been shipped. A copy of the license must be maintained by the applicant in accordance with § 122.5 of this subchapter. AES does not decrement the DSP-61, DSP-73, and DSP-85 licenses. Submitting the Electronic Export Information is not considered to be decremented electronically for these licenses.
(3) A DSP-94 authorization filed with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection must be returned by the applicant, or the government agency with which the authorization was filed, to DDTC upon expiration, to include when the total authorized value or quantity has been shipped, or when all shipments against the Letter of Offer and Acceptance have been completed. AES does not decrement the DSP-94 authorization. Submitting the Electronic Export Information is not considered to be decremented electronically for the DSP-94. A copy of the DSP-94 must be maintained by the applicant in accordance with § 122.5 of this subchapter.
(4) A license issued by DDTC but not used by the applicant does not need to be returned to DDTC, even when expired.
(5) A license revoked by DDTC is considered expired and must be handled in accordance with paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section.
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Dated: October 27, 2011.
Ellen O. Tauscher,
Under Secretary, Arms Control and International Security, Department of State.
[FR Doc. 2011-28548 Filed 11-3-11; 8:45 am]
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