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Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1040 and Schedules A, B, C, C-EZ, D, D-1, E, EIC, F, H, J, R, and SE., Form 1040A, Form 1040EZ, Form 1040NR, Form 1040NR-EZ, Form 1040X, and All Attachments to These Forms

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Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.


Notice and request for comments.


The Internal Revenue Service, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), Public Law 104-13 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). This notice requests comments on all forms used by individual taxpayers: Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, and Schedules A, B, C, C-EZ, D, D-1, E, EIC, F, H, J, R, and SE; Form 1040A; Form 1040EZ; Form 1040NR; Form 1040NR-EZ; Form 1040X; and all attachments to these forms (see the Appendix to this notice).


Written comments should be received on or before February 14, 2012 to be assured of consideration.


Direct all written comments to The OMB Unit, SE:W:CAR:MP:T:T:SP, Internal Revenue Service, Room 6129, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224.

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Requests for additional information should be directed to Chief, RAS:R:TAM, NCA 7th Floor, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224.

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PRA Approval of Forms Used by Individual Taxpayers

Under the PRA, OMB assigns a control number to each ”collection of information” that it reviews and approves for use by an agency. The PRA also requires agencies to estimate the burden for each collection of information. Burden estimates for each control number are displayed in (1) PRA notices that accompany collections of information, (2) Federal Register notices such as this one, and (3) OMB's database of approved information collections.

Taxpayer Burden Model

The Individual Taxpayer Burden Model (ITBM) estimates burden experienced by individual taxpayers when complying with Federal tax laws and incorporates results from a survey of tax year 2007 individual taxpayers, conducted in 2008 and 2009. The approach to measuring burden focuses on the characteristics and activities undertaken by individual taxpayers in meeting their tax return filing obligations.

Burden is defined as the time and out-of-pocket costs incurred by taxpayers in complying with the Federal tax system and are estimated separately. Out-of-pocket costs include any expenses incurred by taxpayers to prepare and submit their tax returns. Examples include tax return preparation fees, the purchase price of tax preparation software, submission fees, photocopying costs, postage, and phone calls (if not toll-free).

The methodology distinguishes among preparation method, taxpayer activities, taxpayer type, filing method, and income level. Indicators of tax law and administrative complexity, as reflected in the tax forms and instructions, are incorporated into the model.

Preparation methods reflected in the model are as follows:

  • Self-prepared without software,
  • Self-prepared with software, and
  • Use of a paid preparer or tax professional.

Types of taxpayer activities reflected in the model are as follows:

  • Recordkeeping,
  • Tax planning,
  • Gathering tax materials,
  • Use of services (IRS and other),
  • Form completion, and
  • Form submission (electronic and paper).Start Printed Page 78337

Taxpayer Burden Estimates

Summary level results using this methodology are presented in Table 1 below. The data shown are the best forward-looking estimates available for income tax returns filed for tax year 2011. Note that the estimates presented in this table differ from those published in the tax form instructions and publications. Revised estimates presented herein reflect legislation approved after the IRS Forms and Publications print deadline.

Table 1 shows burden estimates based upon current statutory requirements as of October 21, 2011 for taxpayers filing a 2011 Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ tax return. Time spent and out-of-pocket costs are presented separately. Time burden is broken out by taxpayer activity, with record keeping representing the largest component. Out-of-pocket costs include any expenses incurred by taxpayers to prepare and submit their tax returns. Examples include tax return preparation and submission fees, postage and photocopying costs, and tax preparation software costs. While these estimates do not include burden associated with post-filing activities, IRS operational data indicate that electronically prepared and filed returns have fewer arithmetic errors, implying lower post-filing burden.

Reported time and cost burdens are national averages and do not necessarily reflect a “typical” case. Most taxpayers experience lower than average burden, with taxpayer burden varying considerably by taxpayer type. For instance, the estimated average time burden for all taxpayers filing a Form 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ is 18 hours, with an average cost of $230 per return. This average includes all associated forms and schedules, across all preparation methods and taxpayer activities. The average burden for taxpayers filing Form 1040 is about 22 hours and $290; the average burden for taxpayers filing Form 1040A is about 10 hours and $120; and the average for Form 1040EZ filers is about 7 hours and $50.

Within each of these estimates there is significant variation in taxpayer activity. For example, non-business taxpayers are expected to have an average burden of about 12 hours and $150, while business taxpayers are expected to have an average burden of about 32 hours and $410. Similarly, tax preparation fees and other out-of-pocket costs vary extensively depending on the tax situation of the taxpayer, the type of software or professional preparer used, and the geographic location.

The estimates include burden for activities up through and including filing a return but do not include burden associated with post-filing activities. However, operational IRS data indicate that electronically prepared and e-filed returns have fewer arithmetic errors, implying a lower associated post-filing burden.

Proposed PRA Submission to OMB

Title: U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.

OMB Number: 1545-0074.

Form Numbers: Form 1040 and Schedules A, B, C, C-EZ, D, D-1, E, EIC, F, H, J, R, and SE; Form 1040A; Form 1040EZ; Form 1040NR; Form 1040NR-EZ, Form 1040X; and all attachments to these forms (see the Appendix to this notice).

Abstract: These forms are used by individuals to report their income tax liability. The data is used to verify that the items reported on the forms are correct, and also for general statistical use.

Current Actions: The change in estimated aggregate compliance burden can be explained by three major sources—technical adjustments, statutory changes, and discretionary agency (IRS) actions.

Technical Adjustments—The largest adjustments are from incorporation of new taxpayer data, updated forecasting targets, and refinements to the estimation methodology. The incorporation of new taxpayer data to better reflect the impact of the current economic environment provides the largest adjustment.

Statutory Changes—The primary drivers for the statutory changes are credits provided in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 and implementation of new reporting requirements in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. The provisions listed below are more than offset by the impact of the expiring ARRA provision.

Primary examples include:

New or Changed Provisions

Capital Gains and Losses: In most cases, transactions for capital gains and losses must now be entered on the new Form 8949 and the subtotal of the sales price, basis, and adjustment amounts from Form 8949 are carried to the Schedule D. Up to six separate Forms 8949 could be required depending on the holding period of the assets, whether or not basis related to the transaction was reported by the broker, and whether a reporting document was received for the transaction. These changes were made to coincide with the new Form 1099-B basis reporting.

The number of filers affected: 21,000,000.

Alternative Minimum Tax: The AMT exemption amount was increased to $48,450 ($74,450 if married filing jointly or a qualified widow; $37,225 if married filing separately).

Had this legislation not been enacted, at least 20 million additional taxpayers would have been required to file Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax.

Expired Provisions

The Making Work Pay Credit expired.

The number of filers who claimed this provision in 2010: 100,000,000.

IRS Discretionary Changes—IRS discretionary changes include expanded e-file availability, registration fees for paid preparers, and fees for a new competency exam for certain preparers.

Discretionary changes also include a change for the repayment of the first-time homebuyer credit. Repayment may now be made without attaching Form 5405.

The number of filers affected: 550,000.

These initiatives have a net effect of a slight decrease in time that is not shown due to rounding as well as a net effect of increasing money burden.

Total—Taken together, the changes discussed above have decreased the total reported burden by 22,000,000 hours.

Type of Review: Revision of currently approved collections.

Affected Public: Individuals or households.

Estimated Number of Respondents: 153,200,000.

Total Estimated Time: 2.679 billion hours (2,679,000,000 hours).

Estimated Time Per Respondent: 17.49 hours.

Total Estimated Out-of-Pocket Costs: $34.131 billion ($34,131,000,000).

Estimated Out-of-Pocket Cost per Respondent: $230.

An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless the collection of information displays a valid OMB Control Number.

Books or records relating to a collection of information must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any internal revenue law. Generally, tax returns and tax return information are confidential, as required by 26 U.S.C. 6103.

Request for Comments

Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or Start Printed Page 78338included in the request for OMB approval. All comments will become a matter of public record. Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information.

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Approved: December 12, 2011.

Yvette Lawrence,

IRS Supervisory Tax Analyst.

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Table 1—Estimated Average Taxpayer Burden for Individuals by Activity

[The average time and costs required to; complete and file Form 1040, Form 1040A, Form 1040EZ, their schedules, and accompanying forms will vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated averages are:]

Primary form filed or type of taxpayerPercentage of returnsAverage time burden (hours)
Total time *Record keepingTax planningForm completionForm submissionAll otherAverage cost (dollars) **
All taxpayers Primary forms filed10018.$230
Nonbusiness ***7012.
Business ***3032.
Detail may not add to total time due to rounding. Dollars rounded to the nearest $10.
* A “business” filer files one or more of the following with Form 1040: Schedule C, C-EZ, E, F, Form 2106, or 2106-EZ. A “non-business” filer does not file any of these schedules or forms with Form 1040 or if you file Form 1040A or 1040EZ.

Table 2—ICB Estimates for the 1040/A/EZ/NR/NR-EZ/X

[Series of returns and supporting forms and schedules]

FY 2012
Previously approved FY11Program change due to adjustmentProgram change due to new legislationProgram change due to agencyFY12
Number of Taxpayers146,700,0006,500,000153,200,000
Burden in Hours2,701,000,00016,000,000(37,000,000)2,679,000,000
Burden in Dollars35,193,000,000(673,000,000)(418,000,000)29,000,00034,131,000,000


FormsFiled by individuals and othersTitle
673Statement for Claiming Exemption From Withholding on Foreign Earned Income Eligible for the Exclusions Provided by Section 911.
926XReturn by a U.S. Transferor of Property to a Foreign Corporation.
970XApplication To Use LIFO Inventory Method.
972XConsent of Shareholder To Include Specific Amount in Gross Income.
982XReduction of Tax Attributes Due To Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment).
1040U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.
1040 SCH AItemized Deductions.
1040 SCH BInterest and Ordinary Dividends.
1040 SCH CXProfit or Loss From Business.
1040 SCH C-EZXNet Profit From Business.
1040 SCH DCapital Gains and Losses.
1040 SCH D-1Continuation Sheet for Schedule D.
1040 SCH EXSupplemental Income and Loss.
1040 SCH EICEarned Income Credit.
1040 SCH FXProfit or Loss From Farming.
1040 SCH HXHousehold Employment Taxes.
1040 SCH JIncome Averaging for Farmers and Fishermen.
1040 SCH RCredit for the Elderly or the Disabled.
1040 SCH SESelf-Employment Tax.
1040 AU.S. Individual Income Tax Return.
1040ES (NR)U.S. Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals.
1040ES (PR)Estimated Federal Tax on Self Employment Income and on Household Employees (Residents of Puerto Rico).
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1040 ES-OCR-VPayment Voucher.
1040 ES-OTCEstimated Tax for Individuals.
1040 EZIncome Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents.
1040 NRU.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return.
1040 NR-EZU.S. Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents.
1040 VPayment Voucher.
1040 V-OCR-ESPayment Voucher.
1040 XAmended U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.
1045XApplication for Tentative Refund.
1116XForeign Tax Credit.
1127XApplication For Extension of Time For Payment of Tax
1128XApplication To Adopt, Change, or Retain a Tax Year.
1310Statement of Person Claiming Refund Due a Deceased Taxpayer.
2106Employee Business Expenses.
2106 EZUnreimbursed Employee Business Expenses.
2120Multiple Support Declaration.
2210XUnderpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts.
2210 FXUnderpayment of Estimated Tax by Farmers and Fishermen.
2350Application for Extension of Time To File U.S. Income Tax Return.
2350 SPSolicitud de Prórroga para Presentar la Declaración del Impuesto Personal sobre el Ingreso de los Estados Unidos.
2439XNotice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains.
2441Child and Dependent Care Expenses.
2555Foreign Earned Income.
2555 EZForeign Earned Income Exclusion.
2848XPower of Attorney and Declaration of Representative.
3115XApplication for Change in Accounting Method.
3468XInvestment Credit.
3520XAnnual Return To Report Transactions With Foreign Trusts and Receipt of Certain Foreign Gifts
3800XGeneral Business Credit.
3903Moving Expenses.
4029Application for Exemption From Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Waiver of Benefits.
4070 AEmployee's Daily Record of Tips.
4136XCredit for Federal Tax Paid On Fuels.
4137Social Security and Medicare Tax on Unreported Tip Income.
4255XRecapture of Investment Credit.
4361Application for Exemption From Self-Employment Tax for Use by Ministers, Members of Religious Orders, and Christian Science Practitioners.
4562XDepreciation and Amortization.
4563Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa.
4684XCasualties and Thefts.
4797XSales of Business Property.
4835Farm Rental Income and Expenses.
4852XSubstitute for Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement or Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pension Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc.
4868Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File Individual U.S. Income Tax Return.
4868 SPSolicitud de Prórroga Automática para Presentar la Declaración del Impuesto sobre el Ingreso Personal de los Estados Unidos.
4952XInvestment Interest Expense Deduction.
4970XTax on Accumulation Distribution of Trusts.
4972XTax on Lump-Sum Distributions.
5074Allocation of Individual Income Tax To Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).
5213XElection To Postpone Determination as To Whether the Presumption Applies That an Activity Is Engaged in for Profit.
5329Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (Including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts.
5405First-Time Homebuyer Credit.
5471XInformation Return of U.S. Persons With Respect To Certain Foreign Corporations.
5471 SCH JXAccumulated Earnings and Profits (E&P) of Controlled Foreign Corporation.
5471 SCH MXTransactions Between Controlled Foreign Corporation and Shareholders or Other Related Persons.
5471 SCH OXOrganization or Reorganization of Foreign Corporation, and Acquisitions and Dispositions of Its Stock.
5695Residential Energy Credits.
Start Printed Page 78340
5713XInternational Boycott Report.
5713 SCH AXInternational Boycott Factor (Section 999(c)(1)).
5713 SCH BXSpecifically Attributable Taxes and Income (Section 999(c)(2)).
5713 SCH CXTax Effect of the International Boycott Provisions.
5754XStatement by Person(s) Receiving Gambling Winnings.
5884XWork Opportunity Credit.
6198XAt-Risk Limitations.
6251Alternative Minimum Tax—Individuals.
6252XInstallment Sale Income.
6478XCredit for Alcohol Used As Fuel.
6765XCredit for Increasing Research Activities.
6781XGains and Losses From Section 1256 Contracts and Straddles.
8082XNotice of Inconsistent Treatment or Administrative Adjustment Request (AAR).
8275XDisclosure Statement.
8275 RXRegulation Disclosure Statement.
8283XNoncash Charitable Contributions.
8332Release of Claim to Exemption for Child of Divorced or Separated Parents.
8379Injured Spouse Claim and Allocation.
8396Mortgage Interest Credit.
8453U.S. Individual Income Tax Declaration for an IRS e-file Return.
8582XPassive Activity Loss Limitations.
8582 CRXPassive Activity Credit Limitations.
8586XLow-Income Housing Credit.
8594XAsset Acquisition Statement.
8606Nondeductible IRAs.
8609-AXAnnual Statement for Low-Income Housing Credit.
8611XRecapture of Low-Income Housing Credit.
8615Tax for Certain Children Who Have Investment Income of More Than $1,800.
8621XReturn by a Shareholder of a Passive Foreign Investment Company or Qualified Electing Fund.
8621-AXLate Deemed Dividend or Deemed Sale Election by a Passive Foreign Investment Company.
8689Allocation of Individual Income Tax To the Virgin Islands.
8693XLow-Income Housing Credit Disposition Bond.
8697XInterest Computation Under the Look-Back Method for Completed Long-Term Contracts.
8801XCredit for Prior Year Minimum Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts.
8812Additional Child Tax Credit.
8814Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends.
8815Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U.S. Savings Bonds Issued After 1989.
8818Optional Form To Record Redemption of Series EE and I U.S. Savings Bonds Issued After 1989.
8820XOrphan Drug Credit.
8821XTax Information Authorization.
8822XChange of Address.
8824XLike-Kind Exchanges.
8826XDisabled Access Credit.
8828Recapture of Federal Mortgage Subsidy.
8829Expenses for Business Use of Your Home.
8832XEntity Classification Election.
8833XTreaty-Based Return Position Disclosure Under Section 6114 or 7701(b)
8834XQualified Electric Vehicle Credit.
8835XRenewable Electricity and Refined Coal Production Credit.
8838XConsent To Extend the Time To Assess Tax Under Section 367—Gain Recognition Statement.
8839Qualified Adoption Expenses.
8840Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens.
8843Statement for Exempt Individuals and Individuals With a Medical Condition.
8844XEmpowerment Zone and Renewal Community Employment Credit.
8845XIndian Employment Credit.
8846XCredit for Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes Paid on Certain Employee Tips.
8847XCredit for Contributions to Selected Community Development Corporations.
8853Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts.
8854Initial and Annual Expatriation Information Statement.
8858XInformation Return of U.S. Persons With Respect to Foreign Disregarded Entities.
8858 SCH MXTransactions Between Controlled Foreign Disregarded Entity and Filer or Other Related Entities.
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8859District of Columbia First-Time Homebuyer Credit.
8860XQualified Zone Academy Bond Credit.
8861XWelfare-to-Work Credit.
8862Information To Claim Earned Income Credit After Disallowance.
8863Education Credits.
8864XBiodiesel Fuels Credit.
8865XReturn of U.S. Persons With Respect to Certain Foreign Partnerships.
8865 SCH K-1XPartner's Share of Income, Credits, Deductions, etc.
8865 SCH OXTransfer of Property to a Foreign Partnership.
8865 SCH PXAcquisitions, Dispositions, and Changes of Interests in a Foreign Partnership.
8866XInterest Computation Under the Look-Back Method for Property Depreciated Under the Income Forecast Method.
8873XExtraterritorial Income Exclusion.
8874XNew Markets Credit.
8878IRS e-file Signature Authorization for Form 4868 or Form 2350.
8878 SPAutorizacion de firma para presentar por medio del IRS e-file para el Formulario 4868(SP) o el Formulario 2350(SP).
8879IRS e-file Signature Authorization.
8879 SPAutorizacion de firma para presentar la Declaracion por medio del IRS e-file.
8880Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions.
8881XCredit for Small Employer Pension Plan Startup Costs.
8882XCredit for Employer-Provided Childcare Facilities and Services.
8885Health Coverage Tax Credit.
8886XReportable Transaction Disclosure Statement.
8888Allocation of Refund (Including Savings Bond Purchases.
8889Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).
8891U.S. Information Return for Beneficiaries of Certain Canadian Registered Retirement Plans.
8896XLow Sulfur Diesel Fuel Production Credit.
8898Statement for Individuals Who Begin or End Bona Fide Residence in a U.S. Possession.
8900XQualified Railroad Track Maintenance Credit.
8903XDomestic Production Activities Deduction.
8906Distills Spirits Credit.
8907Nonconventional Source Fuel Credit.
8908Energy Efficient Home Credit.
8910Alternative Motor Vehicle Credit.
8911Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit.
8914Exemption Amount for Taxpayers Housing Midwestern Displaced Individuals.
8915Qualified Hurricane Retirement Plan Distribution and Repayments.
8917Tuition and Fees Deduction.
8919Uncollected Social Security and Medicare Tax on Wages.
8925XReport of Employer-Owned Life Insurance Contracts.
8931XAgricultural Chemicals Security Credit.
8932XCredit for Employer Differential Wage Payments.
9465Installment Agreement Request.
9465 SPSolicitud para un Plan de Pagos a Plazos.
Notice 2006-52
Notice 160920-05Deduction for Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings.
Pub 972 TablesChild Tax Credit.
REG-149856-03Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Dependent Child of Divorced or Separated Parents or Parents Who Live Apart.
SS-4XApplication for Employer Identification Number.
SS-8XDetermination of Worker Status for Purposes of Federal Employment Taxes and Income Tax Withholding.
T (Timber)XForest Activities Schedules.
W-4Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate.
W-4 PWithholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments.
W-4 SRequest for Federal Income Tax Withholding From Sick Pay.
W -4 SPCertificado de Exencion de la Retencion del Empleado.
W-4 VVoluntary Withholding Request.
W-7Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.
W-7 AApplication for Taxpayer Identification Number for Pending U.S. Adoptions.
W-7 SPSolicitud de Numero de Identicacion Personal del Contribuyente del Servicio de Impuestos Internos.
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Forms Removed From this ICR:

Reason for Removal:

Forms Added to This ICR:

9465-FS, 9465-FS (SP) Installment Agreement Request

Justification for Addition:

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[FR Doc. 2011-32303 Filed 12-15-11; 8:45 am]