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Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment; Ambulatory Surgical Center Payment; Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program; Physician Self-Referral; and Patient Notification Requirements in Provider Agreements; Corrections

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ACTION:

Correction of final rule with comment period.

SUMMARY:

This document corrects technical errors that appeared in the final rule with comment period published in the Federal Register on November 30, 2011, entitled “Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment; Ambulatory Surgical Center Payment; Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program; Physician Self-Referral; and Patient Notification Requirements in Provider Agreements.”

DATES:

Effective Date: This correction is effective January 1, 2012.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Marjorie Baldo, (410) 786-0378, Hospital outpatient prospective payment issues. James Poyer, (410) 786-2261, and Donald Howard, (410) 786-6764, Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) Program Issues.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

In FR Doc. 2011-28612 of November 30, 2011 (76 FR 74122), (hereinafter referred to as the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period), there were a number of technical errors that are identified and corrected in the Correction of Errors section below. The provisions in this correction document are effective as if they had been included in the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period (76 FR 74122) appearing in the November 30, 2011 Federal Register. Accordingly, the corrections are effective January 1, 2012.

II. Summary of Errors

A. Outpatient Prospective Payment System and Ambulatory Surgical Center Payment System Corrections

In the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period, we finalized a continuation of our policy to exclude line items that were eligible for payment in the claims year but did not meet the Medicare requirements for payment (76 FR 74141). Line items that did not meet the requirements for Medicare payment were rejected or denied during claims processing. It is our longstanding policy to not use line items that were rejected or denied for payment for modeling costs under the OPPS. In reviewing the claims data used to establish the APC median costs for the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period, we discovered that the trim of unpaid lines was not applied correctly. We have corrected our programming logic in the OPPS data process to apply the line item trim correctly and have recalculated the median costs for each separately paid service using the claims that result from the correctly applied trim. We note that no other changes were made to the programming logic described in the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final (see 76 FR 74141).

The correct application of the line item based trim has an impact on the APC median costs used to establish the relative payment, which impacts the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC payment rates, copayments, outlier threshold, and impacts. Due to the APC median costs changes, we had to recalculate the budget neutral weight scaler. Using the updated unscaled relative weights, the CY 2012 budget neutrality weight scaler changed from 1.3588 to 1.3585 (see 76 FR 74189). The changes associated with the revised APC median costs and the corrected budget neutrality weight scaler have no further impact on budget neutrality, in particular, those applied to the CY 2012 conversion factor. The correct application of the line item trim changed the data used to model the CY 2012 fixed-dollar outlier threshold. Using the corrected set of claims data, the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC fixed-dollar outlier threshold changed from $1,900 to $2,025 (see 76 FR 74209).

Also, as a result of the recalculated median costs, the APCs now displays violations of the two times rule, which caused the following APC codes to be added: APC 0105 Repair/Revision/Removal of Pacemakers, AICDs and Vascular Access Devices, APC 0263, Level I Miscellaneous Radiology Procedures, and APC 0655, Insertion/Replacement/Conversion of a Permanent Dual Chamber Pacing Electrode.

In addition, the recalculated median costs caused several APCs to no longer display violations of the two times rule, which caused the following APSC codes to be removed: APC 0262 Plain Film of Teeth, APC 0341 Skin Tests and APC 0660 Level II Otorhynolaryngologic Function Tests. We are revising Table 19—Final APC Exceptions to the 2 Times Rule for CY 2012 (76 FR 74227) to reflect these changes.

Furthermore, we made changes to Table 59—Estimated Impact of the Final CY 2012 Changes for the Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payments System (76 FR 74562) and the correlating preamble language (76 FR 74570). Specifically, a hospital that had submitted a claim containing a single line for which no payment was made, is no longer represented in the data, therefore, the number of facilities whose claims are represented in the data declined from 4,161 to 4,160, and the number of hospitals declined from 3,895 to 3,894 (see 76 FR 74558). Because of the trim of lines for which no payment was made from the single procedure bills from the remaining hospitals, the number of hospitals by category, and the impact for the categories have minor changes. In addition to the minor changes to the number of hospitals and the impacts by category of hospital, the estimated increase for all facilities and all hospitals when all changes are accounted for declines from 1.9 percent to 1.8 percent because the CY 2011 threshold models as if it were paying 1.0 percent of total payment for outliers rather than 0.93 percent. Therefore, the estimated total increase in payment based on the technical corrections noted above results in a decline of 0.1 percent.

To view the revised payment rates that result from the changed median costs, we refer readers to the Addenda and supporting files that are posted on the CMS Web site at: http://www.cms.gov/HospitalOutpatientPPS/HORD. Select “CMS-1525-FC” from the list of regulations. All revised Addenda for this correction document are contained in the zipped folder entitled “2012 OPPS FC Addenda” at the bottom of the page for CMS-1525-FC. The corrected CY 2012 table of updated offset amounts is posted on the OPPS Web site under “Annual Policy Files,” which is found on the left side of the page. The corrected CY 2012 OPPS file of median costs is found under supporting documentation for CMS-1525-FC.

ASC payment rates are based on the OPPS relative payment weights for the majority of services that are provided at ASCs. Therefore, the correct application of the line item based trim also has an impact on the CY 2012 ASC relative payment weights and ASC payment rates. Due to the changes to the OPPS relative payment weights, we had to recalculate the budget neutral ASC weight scaler (see 76 FR 74447 and 74448). Using the updated scaled OPPS relative weights, the CY 2012 budget neutrality ASC weight scaler changed from 0.9466 to 0.9477 (76 FR 74448). The changes associated with the revised OPPS relative payment weights and the corrected budget neutrality CY 2012 ASC weight scaler have no impact on the CY 2012 ASC conversion factor. To view the revised ASC payment rates that result from the revised ASC relative payment weights, see the ASC Addenda that are posted on the CMS Web site at: http://www.cms.gov/ASCPayment/ASCRN. Select “CMS-1525-FC” from the list of regulations. All revised ASC addenda for this correction document are contained in the zipped folder entitled “Addenda AA, BB, DD1, DD2, and EE” at the bottom of the page for CMS-1525-FC.

In addition to the incorrect application of the line item based trim, we failed to recognize that existing HCPCS code C9716 (Creations of thermal anal lesions by radiofrequency energy) was replaced with new CPT code 0288T (Anoscopy, with delivery of thermal energy to the muscle of the anal canal) (for example, for fecal incontinence). For CY 2012, the CPT Editorial Panel created new CPT code 0288T. Before CY 2012, this procedure was described by the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) as code C9716. In Addendum B of the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period, both HCPCS code C9716 and 0288T were assigned to specific APCs. Specifically, HCPCS code C9716 has been assigned to APC 0150 (Level IV Anal/Rectal Procedures) and CPT code 0288T was mistakenly assigned to APC 0148 (Level I Anal/Rectal Procedures). Because HCPCS code C9716 and CPT code 0288T describe the same procedure, CMS is deleting HCPCS code C9716 on December 31, 2011, since it will be replaced with CPT code 0288T effective January 1, 2012. In addition, the APC assignment of CPT code 0288T will be corrected from APC 0148 to APC 0150 effective January 1, 2012. Since 0288T replaces C9716, it should have been assigned to the same APC that C9716 was assigned, APC 150. In addition, we neglected to reflect the inclusion of new HCPCS code G0451 (Development testing, with interpretation and report, per standardized instrument form) in the mental health composite (APC 0034) and mistakenly assigned it status indicator ”S”. We have corrected this error and assigned status indicator “Q3” to HCPCS code G0451. These corrections are included in the revised OPPS and ASC addenda which are posted to the CMS Web site at http://www.cms.gov/HospitalOutpatientPPS/HORD.

In addition, the CY 2012 Statewide Average CCRs displayed in Table 11 (76 FR 74195 through 74198) and in the Annual Policy Files section on the CMS Web site at http://www.cms.gov/HospitalOutpatientPPS/have also been revised for CY 2012 and CY 2011 Cost-to-Charge Ratio (CCR) values. The tables incorrectly contain CY 2012 proposed rule CCR values as the Final CY 2012 Default CCR for Table 11 and as the Previous Default CCRs in the Annual Policy file. CMS uses overall hospital-specific CCRs calculated from the hospital's most recent cost report to determine outlier payments, payments for pass-through devices, and monthly interim transitional corridor payments under the OPPS during the PPS year. Medicare contractors cannot calculate a CCR for some hospitals because there is no cost report available. For these hospitals, CMS uses the Statewide average default CCRs to determine the payments mentioned above until a hospital's Medicare contractor is able to calculate the hospital's actual CCR from its most recently submitted Medicare cost report. These hospitals include, but are not limited to, hospitals that are new, have not accepted assignment of an existing hospital's provider agreement, and have not yet submitted a cost report.

We are correcting an amendatory instruction in regulations text § 416.171. In the amendatory instructions for § 416.171, we inadvertently revised the entire paragraph (b). Paragraph (b) contains 3 subparagraphs, (b)(1) through (3), respectively. We intended only to revise paragraph (b) introductory text, while making no additional changes to the subparagraphs. Therefore, we are correcting this error.

B. Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Corrections

Section 1886(o)(1)(C)(iii) of the Act requires the Secretary to conduct an independent analysis of appropriate minimum numbers of cases and measures for scoring under the Hospital Inpatient Value-Based Purchasing Program. In the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period, we inappropriately referred to analyses performed by Brandeis University and Mathematica Policy Research together despite their slightly differing subjects and implications for CMS policies. This document corrects the erroneous references.

III. Waiver of Proposed Rulemaking and the 30-Day Delay in Effective Date

We ordinarily publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register to provide a period for public comment before the provisions of a rule take effect in accordance with section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). We also ordinarily provide a 30-day delay in the effective date of the provisions of a notice in accordance with section 553(d) of the APA (5 U.S.C. 553(d)). However, we can waive both the notice and comment procedure and the 30-day delay in effective date if the Secretary finds, for good cause, that it is impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest to follow the notice and comment procedure or to comply with the 30-day delay in the effective date, and incorporates a statement of the finding and the reasons therefore in the notice.

The policies and payment methodologies finalized in the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period have previously been subjected to notice and comment procedures. This correction notice merely provides technical corrections to the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final rule with comment period that was promulgated through notice and comment rulemaking, and does not make substantive changes to the policies or payment methodologies that were finalized in the final rule with comment period. For example, to conform the document to the final policies of the CY 2012 OPPS/ASC final, this notice makes changes to revise inaccurate tabular information. Therefore, we find it unnecessary to undertake further notice and comment procedures with respect to this correction notice. In addition, we believe it is important for the public to have the correct information as soon as possible and find no reason to delay the dissemination of it. For the reasons stated above, we find that both notice and comment and the 30-day delay in effective date for this correction notice are unnecessary. Therefore, we find there is good cause to waive notice and comment procedures and the 30-day delay in effective date for this correction notice.

IV. Correction of Errors

In FR Doc.

A. Outpatient Prospective Payment System and Ambulatory Surgical Center Payment System Preamble Corrections

1. On page 74189, in the first column, in the second full paragraph, in line 14, replace 1.3588 with 1.3585.

2. On pages 74195 through 74198, Table 11—CY2012 Statewide Average CCRs, is corrected to read as follows:

3. On page 74208, in the third column, in the first response to comment, in line 17, replace $1,900 with $2,025.

4. On page 74209, in the first column, under the heading “3. Final Outlier Calculation,”—

A. In the first full paragraph, in line 31, replace $1,900 with $2,025.

B. In the second paragraph, replace $1,900 with $2,025.

5. On page 74210, in the third column, in the third paragraph—

A. In line 16, replace $307.74 with $309.46.

B. In line 19, replace $301.59 with $303.27.

6. On page 74210, in the third column, in the fourth paragraph—

A. In line 5, replace $242.66 with $244.02 and $307.74 with $309.46.

B. In line 8, replace $237.81 with $239.14 and $301.59 with $303.27.

C. In lines 10 and 11, replace $123.10 with $123.78 and replace $307.74 with $309.46.

D. In lines 13 and 14, replace $120.63 with $121.31 and replace $301.59 with $303.27.

E. In line 16, replace $365.76 with $367.80.

F. In line 17, replace $242.66 with $244.02 and $123.10 with $123.78.

G. In line 19, replace $358.44 with $360.44 and $237.81 with $239.14, and replace $120.63 with $121.31.

7. On page 74211, in the second column, under “Step 1. Calculate the beneficiary* * *.”—

A. In line 5, replace $61.55 with $61.90.

B. In line 7, replace $307.74 with $309.46.

8. On page 74227, in Table 19—Final APC Exceptions to the 2 Times Rule for CY 2012, the APC codes are revised by replacing APC code 0262 with APC code 0105, and APC 0341 with APC code 0263, and APC 0660 with APC code 0655. The APC codes are listed in numerical order.

9. On page 74448, in the third column—

A. In the first full paragraph, in line 6, replace 0.9466 with 0.9477.

B. In the second paragraph, in line 6, replace 0.9466 with 0.9477.

10. On pages 74562 through 74565, Table 59—Estimated Impact of the Final CY 2012 Changes for the Hospital

11. On page 74570 in the third column, in the first full paragraph, in line 9, replace 0.9466 with 0.9477.

B. Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Preamble Corrections

1. On page 74532, second column, under heading “b. Minimum Number of Cases for Mortality Measures, AHRQ Composite Measures, and HAC Measures,” first paragraph, lines 1 and 2, replace “analyses” with “analysis” and remove the words “and Mathematica”.

2. In line 9, the words “these analyses” are corrected to read “this analysis”.

3. On page 74534, in the first column, under the first response, in line 20, the words “the analyses” are corrected to read “the analysis”.

4. In line 21, the words “and Mathematica” are removed.

C. Regulations Text Corrections

[Corrected]

1. On page 74582, in the second column, in § 416.171, “Determination of payment rates for ASC services,” in amendment 7, the instruction “a. Revising paragraph (b)” is corrected to read “a. Revising paragraph (b) introductory text.”

(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.778, Medical Assistance Program)

(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.773, Medicare—Hospital Insurance; and Program No. 93.774, Medicare—Supplementary Medical Insurance Program)

Dated: December 28, 2011.

Jennifer Cannistra,

Executive Secretary to the Department.

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[FR Doc. 2011-33751 Filed 12-30-11; 4:15 pm]

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