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Notice

Commercial Wind Leasing and Site Assessment Activities on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Offshore Massachusetts

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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ACTION:

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment.

SUMMARY:

This Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment (Notice) is being published as an initial step for the purpose of involving Federal agencies, states, tribes, local governments, offshore wind energy developers, and the public in the Department of the Interior's (DOI) “Smart from the Start” wind energy initiative offshore Massachusetts. The purpose of the “Smart from the Start” wind energy initiative is to identify areas that may be most suitable for wind energy leasing on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), and to obtain public and expert input that will inform the Department's decision-making with regard to issuing leases and approving site assessment activities in these areas, in accordance with applicable DOI regulations and the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations implementing the provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

On November 23, 2010, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced the “Smart from the Start” renewable energy initiative to accelerate the responsible development of renewable energy resources on the Atlantic OCS. The initiative focuses on the identification and refinement of areas on the OCS that are most suitable for renewable energy development, known as Wind Energy Areas (WEAs), and utilizes coordinated environmental studies, large-scale planning processes, and expedited review procedures within these areas to achieve an efficient and responsible renewable energy leasing process.

In consultation with other Federal agencies and the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Task Force, BOEM has identified an area for consideration for potential future wind energy leasing offshore Massachusetts (Call Area). This Call Area is identified in the document entitled Commercial Leasing for Wind Power on the Outer Continental Shelf Offshore Massachusetts-Call for Information and Nominations (Call), which is being published concurrently with this Notice. This is the first public step in the potential leasing process which requires several more opportunities for public involvement before leasing can occur, including a proposed sale notice. A commercial lease gives the lessee the exclusive right to subsequently seek BOEM approval for the development of the leasehold. The lease does not grant the lessee the right to construct any facilities; rather, the lease grants the lessee the right to use the leased area to develop its plans, which BOEM must approve before the lessee can move on to the next stage of the process. See 30 CFR 585.600 and 585.601.

More information on the renewable energy task forces and the “Smart from the Start” initiative can be found at: http:boem.gov/Renewable-Energy-Program/Smart-from-the-Start/Index.aspx and at: http://www.doi.gov/news/pressreleases/Salazar-Launches-Smart-from-the-Start Initiative-to-Speed-Offshore-Wind-Energy-Development-off-the-Atlantic-Coast.cfim.

BOEM intends to prepare an environmental assessment (EA), which is the subject of this Notice, that will consider the environmental consequences associated with issuing commercial wind leases and approving site assessment activities on those leases (within all or some of this Call Area). If a lessee proposes development activity, the specific proposal will be given full environmental review at that time. BOEM is seeking public input regarding the identification of the alternatives to be considered in the EA, as well as the environmental and/or socioeconomic issues to be analyzed.

Furthermore, Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470f), and it's implementing regulations (36 CFR 800), require Federal agencies to consider the effects of their actions on historic properties. Therefore, BOEM will conduct Section 106 review for the issuance of leases and approval of site assessment activities within some or all of the Call Area, in coordination with its environmental review. As part of this Section 106 review, BOEM will initiate consultation with state historic preservation officers, tribal officials, and others. BOEM is now reaching out to the general public for comments regarding the identification of historic properties or potential effects to historic properties from leasing and site assessment activities in the Call Area. Submitted information will allow BOEM to consider the views of the public and document historic preservation concerns early in the Section 106 process.

Authority: This Notice of Intent to prepare an environmental assessment is published pursuant to 43 CFR 46.305.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Michelle Morin, BOEM Office of Renewable Energy Programs, 381 Elden Street, HM 1328, Herndon, Virginia 20170-4817, (703) 787-1340 or michelle.morin@BOEM.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

1. The OCS Wind Energy Leasing and Development Process

There are three key phases in the wind energy leasing and development process on the OCS: (1) Lease issuance; (2) approval of a site assessment plan (SAP); and (3) approval of a construction and operation plan (COP). The first phase, issuance of a commercial renewable energy lease, gives the lessee an exclusive right to apply for approval of subsequent plans, the approval of which is necessary for a lessee to advance to the next stage of the renewable energy development process. We are at the beginning of this phase offshore Massachusetts. The second phase is the applicant's submission and BOEM's subsequent review and approval of a SAP. Approval of a SAP allows the lessee to construct and install equipment on the leasehold, such as a meteorological tower and/or buoys, to perform site assessment functions. See 30 CFR 585.600-585.601; 585.605-585.618. Although BOEM does not authorize site characterization activities (i.e., geological and geophysical surveys and core samples), a lessee must submit the results of such surveys with the supporting data in its SAP. See 30 CFR 585.610. The submission of a SAP is separate from the submission of a COP. After the lessee has collected the further site characterization and assessment data necessary for a COP, the lessee may submit its COP, the approval of which could authorize the actual construction and operation of a renewable energy facility on the lease. See 30 CFR 585.620-585.629.

2. Proposed Action and Scope of Analysis

The proposed action that will be the subject of the EA is the issuance of renewable energy leases within all or some of the Call Area described in this Notice, and the approval of site assessment activities on those leases (i.e., Phases l and 2 of the wind energy leasing and development process). BOEM will also consider in the EA the environmental impacts associated with the site characterization activities that it anticipates lessees might eventually undertake to fulfill the SAP and COP information requirements at 30 CFR 585.610 and 585.626, respectively.

Additional analysis under NEPA will be required before any future decision is made regarding the approval of the construction or operation of any wind energy facility on leases that may be issued within all or some of this Call Area. If and when a lessee is ready to begin this third phase of renewable energy development, it will submit a COP. BOEM is not currently considering any such COP, nor has any COP been submitted for this Call Area. If, in the future, a COP is submitted for a particular project on a lease, a separate site- and project-specific NEPA analysis would be prepared. This specific NEPA analysis would likely take the form of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and would provide additional opportunities for public involvement pursuant to NEPA and the CEQ regulations at 40 CFR Parts 1500-1508. Such an EIS process would provide the public and Federal officials with comprehensive site- and project-specific information, and the EIS would consider the reasonably foreseeable environmental impacts of the specific project the lessee is proposing. These potential impacts will be taken into account when deciding whether to approve, approve with modification, or deny the COP pursuant to 30 CFR 585.628.

Based on the information submitted in response to this Notice and the Call, BOEM would identify the areas within the Call Area in which interest exists, and which will be subject to environmental analysis in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies, states, local governments, tribes and other interested parties. The areas identified will constitute WEA(s) under the “Smart from the Start” initiative, and will be the area(s) analyzed in the EA.

The EA will consider the environmental consequences associated with reasonably foreseeable leasing scenarios (not development itself), reasonably foreseeable site characterization scenarios within these lease areas (including geophysical, geotechnical, archaeological, and biological surveys), and reasonably foreseeable site assessment scenarios (including the installation and operation of meteorological towers and buoys) on the leases that may be issued within all or some of the Call Area. At a minimum, two alternatives will be considered: no action (i.e., no issuance of leases or approval of site assessment activities); and the issuance of leases and approval of site assessment activities within the identified portion(s) of the Call Area. BOEM is therefore soliciting input on these and/or other alternatives, and on the environmental and socioeconomic issues to be considered in the EA related to the potential environmental effects of the activities listed above.

Federal, state, and local government agencies, tribal governments, and other interested parties may assist BOEM in determining the issues, and any additional alternatives, to be analyzed in the EA. Input is also requested on measures (e.g., limitations on activities based on technology, distance from shore, or timing) that could mitigate impacts to environmental resources and socioeconomic conditions that could result from leasing, site characterization, and site assessment activities taking place in the Call Area or from support activities taking place outside the Call Area itself. Consultation with other Federal agencies, tribal governments, and affected states will be carried out during the EA process and will be completed before a final decision is made on whether any particular lease will be issued or site assessment activities on those leases approved.

If BOEM determines during the EA process that issuing leases and conducting site characterization and assessment activities within the Call Area would result in significant environmental impacts, BOEM will publish a Notice of Intent to prepare an EIS for the issuance of renewable energy leases and approval of site assessment activities within all or some of this Call Area. If BOEM determines during the EA process that issuing leases and conducting site characterization and assessment activities within the Call Area would not result in significant environmental impacts, BOEM will issue a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). After either a FONSI is issued or the EIS process is completed, BOEM may issue one or more renewable energy leases within all or some of this Call Area. In the event that a particular lease is issued, and the lessee submits a SAP, BOEM will determine whether the EA adequately considers the environmental impacts of the activities proposed in the lessee's SAP. If the analysis in the EA adequately addresses these impacts, then no further NEPA analysis would be required before the SAP is approved. If the EA analysis is inadequate, additional NEPA analysis would be conducted before the SAP could be approved.

3. Information That Will Be Incorporated Into the EA

On November 6, 2007, BOEM published a Notice of Availability (NOA) in the Federal Register (72 FR 62,672) of the Programmatic EIS for Alternative Energy Development and Production and Alternate Use of Facilities on the Outer Continental Shelf, Final EIS (OCS Report MMS 2007-046) (Programmatic EIS). On June 26, 2009, BOEM published a NOA in the Federal Register (74 FR 30,616) of the EA for Issuance of Leases for Wind Resource Data Collection on the Outer Continental Shelf Offshore Delaware and New Jersey (OCS EIS/EA MMS 2009-025) (Interim Policy EA), which addressed activities similar to those to be addressed in the EA for which this Notice is being published.

BOEM will incorporate the environmental and socioeconomic analyses of site characterization and assessment activities from the Programmatic EIS, Interim Policy EA, and other public information to help inform its analysis in the EA. The EA will be developed using the principles of coastal and marine spatial planning, such as comprehensive interagency coordination, to identify information necessary for future decision making regarding wind energy development.

4. Description of the Call Area

A detailed description of the Call Area can be found in the Call that is being published concurrently with this Notice.

Map of the Call Area

A map of the Call Area can be found at the following URL: http://boem.gov/Renewable-Energy-Program/State-Activities/Massachusetts.aspx

A large-scale map of the Call Area showing its boundaries and with numbered blocks is available from BOEM at the following address: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Office of Renewable Energy Programs, 381 Elden Street, HM 1328, Herndon, Virginia 20170-4817, Phone: (703) 787-1320.

5. Cooperating Agencies

BOEM invites Federal, state, and local government agencies, as well as tribal governments, to consider becoming cooperating agencies in the preparation of this EA. CEQ regulations implementing the procedural provisions of NEPA define cooperating agencies as those with “jurisdiction by law or special expertise” (40 CFR 1508.5). Potential cooperating agencies should consider their authority and capacity to assume the responsibilities of a cooperating agency and remember that an agency's role in the environmental analysis neither enlarges nor diminishes the final decision-making authority of any other agency involved in the NEPA process.

Upon request, BOEM will provide potential cooperating agencies with a draft Memorandum of Agreement that includes a schedule with critical action dates and milestones, mutual responsibilities, designated points of contact, and expectations for handling predecisional information. Agencies should also consider the ”Factors for Determining Cooperating Agency Status” in Attachment 1 to CEQ's January 30, 2002, Memorandum for the Heads of Federal Agencies: Cooperating Agencies in Implementing the Procedural Requirements of the NEPA. A copy of this document is available at: http://ceg.hss.doe.gov/nepa/regs/cooperating/cooperatingagenciesmemorandum.html and at: http://ceg.hss.doe.gov/nepa/regs/cooperating/cooperatingagencymemofactors.html.

BOEM, as the lead agency, will not provide financial assistance to cooperating agencies. Even if an organization is not a cooperating agency, opportunities will exist to provide information and comments to BOEM during the normal public input phases of the NEPA/EA process.

6. Comments

Federal, state, local government agencies, tribal governments, and other interested parties are requested to send their written comments regarding environmental issues and the identification of reasonable alternatives related to the proposed action described in this Notice in one of the following ways:

1. Electronically: http://www.regulations.gov. In the entry titled “Enter Keyword or ID,” enter BOEM-2011-0116, then click “search.” Follow the instructions to submit public comments and view supporting and related materials available for this document.

2. In written form, delivered by hand or by mail, enclosed in an envelope labeled “Comments on Massachusetts EA” to Program Manager, Office of Renewable Energy Programs, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 381 Elden Street, HM 1328, Herndon, Virginia 20170-4817. Comments should be submitted no later than March 22, 2012.

Dated: February 1, 2012.

Tommy P. Beaudreau,

Director, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.

[FR Doc. 2012-2649 Filed 2-3-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-VH-P