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Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation for Nitroglycerin Metered Spray/Sublingual Products and Metered Aerosol/Sublingual Products; Availability

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of two draft guidances for industry entitled “Bioequivalence Recommendations for Nitroglycerin,” one for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products and one for nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products. The recommendations provide specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for these products. The draft guidances are revised versions of previously published draft guidances on the subject.

DATES:

Although you can comment on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)), to ensure that the Agency considers your comment on the draft guidances before it begins work on the final versions of the guidances, submit either electronic or written comments on the draft guidances by April 13, 2012.

ADDRESSES:

Submit written requests for single copies of the draft guidances to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 2201, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the draft guidance documents.

Submit electronic comments on the draft guidances to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Doan T. Nguyen, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (HFD-600), Food and Drug Administration, 7519 Standish Pl., Rockville, MD 20855, 240-276-8608.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

In the Federal Register sof June 11, 2010 (75 FR 33311), FDA announced the availability of a guidance for industry, “Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,” which explained the process that would be used to make product-specific BE recommendations available to the public on FDA's Web site at http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/default.htm. As described in that guidance, FDA adopted this process as a means to develop and disseminate product-specific BE recommendations and provide a meaningful opportunity for the public to consider and comment on those recommendations. This document announces the availability of two revised draft BE recommendations, one for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products and one for nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products.

Nitrolingual Pumpspray (nitroglycerin lingual spray), approved by FDA in October 1985, is a metered dose spray indicated for acute relief of an attack or prophylaxis of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. Nitromist (nitroglycerin lingual aerosol), approved by FDA in November 2006, is another metered dose spray indicated for acute relief of an attack or acute prophylaxis of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. Nitrolingual Pumpspray and Nitromist are designated as reference listed drugs (RLDs), and therefore any ANDAs for generic nitroglycerin lingual spray or generic nitroglycerin lingual aerosol must demonstrate BE to the relevant RLD prior to approval. There are no approved ANDAs for these products.

In February 2010, FDA posted on its Web site a draft guidance for industry on the Agency's recommendations for BE studies to support ANDAs for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products (Draft Nitroglycerin Spray BE Recommendations of February 2010). In that draft guidance, FDA recommended three studies to demonstrate BE of generic nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products: An in vivo fasting study, an in vitro study of unit dose and uniformity of unit dose, and an in vitro study of priming and tail off.

In March 2010, FDA posted on its Web site a draft guidance for industry on the Agency's recommendations for BE studies to support ANDAs for nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products (Draft Nitroglycerin Aerosol BE Recommendations of March 2010). In that draft guidance, FDA recommended three studies to demonstrate BE of generic nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products: An in vivo fasting study, an in vitro study of unit dose and uniformity of unit dose, and an in vitro study of priming and tail off.

FDA has reconsidered the recommendations for both of these draft guidances and has decided to revise them. In November 2011, FDA withdrew the Draft Nitroglycerin Spray BE Recommendations of February 2010 and the Draft Nitroglycerin Aerosol BE Recommendations of March 2010. FDA is now issuing revised draft guidances for industry on BE recommendations for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products (Revised Draft Nitroglycerin Spray BE Recommendations) and nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products (Revised Draft Nitroglycerin Aerosol BE Recommendations). In these revised draft guidances, FDA recommends one study (an in vivo fasting study) to demonstrate BE of generic nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products and generic nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products. In both of the revised draft guidances, FDA notes that even though we have not requested comparative in vitro studies, in vitro studies outlined in the 2002 guidance for industry, “Nasal Spray and Inhalation Solution, Suspension, and Spray Drug Products—Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Documentation,” should still be submitted for chemistry, manufacturing, and controls evaluation.

In December 2010, G. Pohl-Boskamp GmbH and Company KG (Pohl), manufacturer of the RLD Nitrolingual Pumpspray, filed a citizen petition challenging FDA's Draft Nitroglycerin Spray BE Recommendations of February 2010 (Docket No. FDA-2010-P-0648). FDA is reviewing the issues raised in the petition and will consider any comments on the Revised Draft Nitroglycerin Spray BE Recommendations before responding to Pohl's citizen petition and finalizing its BE recommendation for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products.

These draft guidances are being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The draft guidances, when finalized, will represent the Agency's current thinking on the design of BE studies to support ANDAs for nitroglycerin metered spray/sublingual products and nitroglycerin metered aerosol/sublingual products. They do not create or confer any rights for or on any person and do not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.

II. Comments

Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) either electronic or written comments regarding this document. It is only necessary to send one set of comments. Identify comments with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

III. Electronic Access

Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the documents at either http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/default.htm or http://www.regulations.gov.

Dated: February 7, 2012.

Leslie Kux,

Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

[FR Doc. 2012-3233 Filed 2-10-12; 8:45 am]

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