The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 milligrams (mg), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for phenacemide tablet, 500 mg, if all other legal and regulatory requirements are met.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Howard P. Muller, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, Rm. 6234, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-3602.
In 1984, Congress enacted the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Pub. L. 98-417) (the 1984 amendments), which authorized the approval of duplicate versions of drug products approved under an ANDA procedure. ANDA applicants must, with certain exceptions, show that the drug for which they are seeking approval contains the same active ingredient in the same strength and dosage form as the “listed drug,” which is a version of the drug that was previously approved. ANDA applicants do not have to repeat the extensive clinical testing otherwise necessary to gain approval of a new drug application (NDA). The only clinical data required in an ANDA are data to show that the drug that is the subject of the ANDA is bioequivalent to the listed drug.
The 1984 amendments include what is now section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)), which requires FDA to publish a list of all approved drugs. FDA publishes this list as part of the “Approved Drug Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations,” which is known generally as the “Orange Book.” Under FDA regulations, drugs are removed from the list if the Agency withdraws or suspends approval of the drug's NDA or ANDA for reasons of safety or effectiveness or if FDA determines that the listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162).
A person may petition the Agency to determine, or the Agency may determine on its own initiative, whether a listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination may be made at any time after the drug has been withdrawn from sale, but must be made prior to approving an ANDA that refers to the listed drug (§ 314.161 (21 CFR 314.161)). FDA may not approve an ANDA that does not refer to a listed drug.
PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, is the subject of NDA 007707, held by Abbott Laboratories, and initially approved on June 28, 1951. PHENURONE is an oral anticonvulsant indicated for the treatment of epilepsy.
In a letter dated May 14, 2003, Abbott Laboratories requested withdrawal of NDA 007707 for PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet. In the Federal Register of May 5, 2004 (69 FR 25124), FDA announced that it was withdrawing approval of NDA 007707, effective June 4, 2004.
Schiff & Company submitted a citizen petition dated October 16, 2008 (Docket No. FDA-2008-P-0558), under 21 CFR 10.30, requesting that the Agency determine whether PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.
After considering the citizen petition and reviewing Agency records, FDA has determined under § 314.161 that PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, was not withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The petitioner has identified no data or other information suggesting that PHENURONE (phenacemide) tablet, 500 mg, was withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. We have carefully reviewed our files for records concerning the withdrawal of PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, from sale. We have also independently evaluated relevant literature and data for possible postmarketing adverse events. We have found no information that would indicate that this product was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.
Accordingly, the Agency will continue to list PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, in the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book. The “Discontinued Drug Product List” delineates, among other items, drug products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to PHENURONE (phenacemide) Tablet, 500 mg, may be approved by the Agency as long as they meet all other legal and regulatory requirements for the approval of ANDAs. If FDA determines that labeling for this drug product should be revised to meet current standards, the Agency will advise ANDA applicants to submit such labeling.
Dated: February 23, 2012.
Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2012-4783 Filed 2-28-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-01-P