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Notice

Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2013-2014 Award Year: Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, and TEACH Grant Programs

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ACTION:

Notice.

Overview Information: Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers: 84.063 Federal Pell Grant Program; 84.038 Federal Perkins Loan Program; 84.033 Federal Work-Study Programs; 84.007 Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Program; 84.268 William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program; 84.379 TEACH Grant Program.

SUMMARY:

The Secretary announces the annual updates to the tables that will be used in the statutory “Federal Need Analysis Methodology” to determine a student's expected family contribution (EFC) for award year 2013-2014 for the student financial aid programs authorized under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA). An EFC is the amount that a student and his or her family may reasonably be expected to contribute toward the student's postsecondary educational costs for purposes of determining financial aid eligibility. The title IV programs include the Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, and the Teach Grant Programs (title IV, HEA programs).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ms. Marya Dennis, Management and Program Analyst, U.S. Department of Education, room 63G2, Union Center Plaza, 830 First Street NE., Washington, DC 20202-5454. Telephone: (202) 377-3385.

If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll free, at 1-800-877-8339.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Part F of title IV of the HEA specifies the criteria, data elements, calculations, and tables used in the Federal Need Analysis Methodology EFC calculations.

Section 478 of part F of title IV of the HEA requires the Secretary to adjust four of the tables—the Income Protection Allowance, the Adjusted Net Worth of a Business or Farm, the Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance, and the Assessment Schedules and Rates—each award year for general price inflation. The changes are based, in general, upon increases in the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

For award year 2013-2014, the Secretary is charged with updating the income protection allowance for parents of dependent students, adjusted net worth of a business or farm, and the assessment schedules and rates to account for inflation that took place between December 2011 and December 2012. However, because the Secretary must publish these tables before December 2012, the increases in the tables must be based upon a percentage equal to the estimated percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for 2012. The Secretary must also account for any misestimation of inflation for the prior year. In developing the table values for the 2012-13 award year, the Secretary assumed a 0.8 percent increase in the CPI-U for the period December 2010 through December 2011. Actual inflation for this time period was 2.9 percent. The Secretary estimates that the increase in the CPI-U for the period December 2011 through December 2012 will be 2.2 percent. Additionally, section 601 of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 (CCRAA, Pub. L. 110-84) amended sections 475 through 478 of the HEA by updating the procedures for determining the income protection allowance for dependent students, as well as the income protection allowance tables for both independent students with dependents other than a spouse, and independent students without dependents other than a spouse. As amended by the CCRAA, the HEA now includes new 2013-2014 award year values for these income protection allowances. The updated tables are in sections 1, 2, and 4 of this notice.

The Secretary must also revise, for each award year, the education savings and asset protection allowances as provided for in section 478(d) of the HEA. The Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance table for award year 2013-2014 has been updated in section 3 of this notice.

Section 478(h) of the HEA also requires the Secretary to increase the amount specified for the Employment Expense Allowance, adjusted for inflation. This calculation is based upon increases in the Bureau of Labor Statistics budget of the marginal costs for a two-worker family compared to a one-worker family for food away from home, apparel, transportation, and household furnishings and operations. The Employment Expense Allowance table for award year 2013-2014 has been updated in section 5 of this notice.

The HEA provides for the following annual updates:

1. Income Protection Allowance (IPA). This allowance is the amount of living expenses associated with the maintenance of an individual or family that may be offset against the family's income. It varies by family size. The IPA for the dependent student is $6,130. The IPAs for parents of dependent students for award year 2013-2014 are:

Parents of Dependent Students

Family sizeNumber in college
12345
2$17,100$14,170
321,29018,38015,450
426,29023,37020,46017,530
531,02028,10025,19022,26019,350
636,29033,36030,45027,53024,620

For each additional family member add $4,100.

For each additional college student subtract $2,910.

The IPAs for independent students with dependents other than a spouse for award year 2013-14 are:

Independent Students With Dependents Other Than a Spouse

Family sizeNumber in college
12345
2$24,150$20,020
330,07025,96021,830
437,13033,01028,90024,760
543,81039,67035,57031,45027,340
651,23047,11043,02038,87034,770

For each additional family member add $5,780.

For each additional college student subtract $4,110.

The IPAs for single independent students and independent students without dependents other than a spouse for award year 2013-14 are:

Marital statusNumber in collegeIPA
Single1$9,540
Married29,540
Married115,290

2. Adjusted Net Worth (NW) of a Business or Farm. A portion of the full net worth (assets less debts) of a business or farm is excluded from the calculation of an expected contribution because—(1) the income produced from these assets is already assessed in another part of the formula; and (2) the formula protects a portion of the value of the assets. The portion of these assets included in the contribution calculation is computed according to the following schedule. This schedule is used for parents of dependent students, independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and independent students with dependents other than a spouse.

If the net worth (NW) of a business or farm is—Then the adjusted net worth is—
Less than $1$0.
$1 to $120,0000 + 40% of NW.
$120,001 to $365,00048,000 + 50% of NW over $120,000.
$365,001 to $610,000170,500 + 60% of NW over $365,000.
$610,001 or more317,500 + 100% of NW over $610,000.

3. Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance. This allowance protects a portion of net worth (assets less debts) from being considered available for postsecondary educational expenses. There are three asset protection allowance tables—one for parents of dependent students, one for independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and one for independent students with dependents other than a spouse.

Parents of Dependent Students

If the age of the older parent isAnd they are
MarriedSingle
Then the education savings and asset protection allowance is—
25 or less00
262,100600
274,3001,300
286,4001,900
298,6002,500
3010,7003,200
3112,8003,800
3215,0004,400
3317,1005,100
3419,3005,700
3521,4006,300
3623,5007,000
3725,7007,600
3827,8008,200
3930,0008,900
4032,1009,500
4132,9009,700
4233,7009,900
4334,50010,100
4435,40010,300
4536,20010,600
4637,10010,800
4738,00011,100
4839,00011,300
4939,90011,600
5040,90011,900
5142,10012,200
5243,10012,500
5344,20012,800
5445,50013,100
5546,80013,400
5647,90013,700
5749,30014,100
5850,80014,400
5952,20014,800
6053,50015,100
6155,00015,600
6256,90016,000
6358,50016,400
6460,10016,900
65 or older61,80017,400

Independent Students Without Dependents Other Than a Spouse

If the age of the older student isAnd they are
MarriedSingle
Then the education savings and asset protection allowance is—
25 or less00
262,100600
274,3001,300
286,4001,900
298,6002,500
3010,7003,200
3112,8003,800
3215,0004,400
3317,1005,100
3419,3005,700
3521,4006,300
3623,5007,000
3725,7007,600
3827,8008,200
3930,0008,900
4032,1009,500
4132,9009,700
4233,7009,900
4334,50010,100
4435,40010,300
4536,20010,600
4637,10010,800
4738,00011,100
4839,00011,300
4939,90011,600
5040,90011,900
5142,10012,200
5243,10012,500
5344,20012,800
5445,50013,100
5546,80013,400
5647,90013,700
5749,30014,100
5850,80014,400
5952,20014,800
6053,50015,100
6155,00015,600
6256,90016,000
6358,50016,400
6460,10016,900
65 or older61,80017,400

Independent Students With Dependents Other Than a Spouse

If the age of the older student isAnd they are
MarriedSingle
Then the education savings and asset protection allowance is—
25 or less00
262,100600
274,3001,300
286,4001,900
298,6002,500
3010,7003,200
3112,8003,800
3215,0004,400
3317,1005,100
3419,3005,700
3521,4006,300
3623,5007,000
3725,7007,600
3827,8008,200
3930,0008,900
4032,1009,500
4132,9009,700
4233,7009,900
4334,50010,100
4435,40010,300
4536,20010,600
4637,10010,800
4738,00011,100
4839,00011,300
4939,90011,600
5040,90011,900
5142,10012,200
5243,10012,500
5344,20012,800
5445,50013,100
5546,80013,400
5647,90013,700
5749,30014,100
5850,80014,400
5952,20014,800
6053,50015,100
6155,00015,600
6256,90016,000
6358,50016,400
6460,10016,900
65 or older61,80017,400

4. Assessment Schedules and Rates. Two schedules that are subject to updates, one for parents of dependent students and one for independent students with dependents other than a spouse, are used to determine the EFC toward educational expenses from family financial resources. For dependent students, the EFC is derived from an assessment of the parents' adjusted available income (AAI). For independent students with dependents other than a spouse, the EFC is derived from an assessment of the family's AAI. The AAI represents a measure of a family's financial strength, which considers both income and assets.

Parents' contribution for a dependent student is computed according to the following schedule:

If AAI is—Then the contribution is—
Less than −$3,409−$750
($3,409) to $15,30022% of AAI
$15,301 to $19,200$3,366 + 25% of AAI over $15,300
$19,201 to $23,100$4,341 + 29% of AAI over $19,200
$23,101 to $27,000$5,472 + 34% of AAI over $23,100
$27,001 to $30,900$6,798 + 40% of AAI over $27,000
$30,901 or more$8,358 + 47% of AAI over $30,900

The contribution for an independent student with dependents other than a spouse is computed according to the following schedule:

If AAI is—Then the contribution is—
Less than −$3,409−$750
($3,409) to $15,30022% of AAI
$15,301 to $19,200$3,366 + 25% of AAI over $15,300
$19,201 to $23,100$4,341 + 29% of AAI over $19,200
$23,101 to $27,000$5,472 + 34% of AAI over $23,100
$27,001 to $30,900$6,798 + 40% of AAI over $27,000
$30,901 or more$8,358 + 47% of AAI over $30,900

5. Employment Expense Allowance. This allowance for employment-related expenses, which is used for the parents of dependent students and for married independent students, recognizes additional expenses incurred by working spouses and single-parent households. The allowance is based upon the marginal differences in costs for a two-worker family compared to a one-worker family for food away from home, apparel, transportation, and household furnishings and operations.

The employment expense allowance for parents of dependent students, married independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and independent students with dependents other than a spouse is the lesser of $3,900 or 35 percent of earned income.

6. Allowance for State and Other Taxes. The allowance for State and other taxes protects a portion of the parents' and students' income from being considered available for postsecondary educational expenses. There are four categories for State and other taxes, one each for parents of dependent students, independent students with dependents other than a spouse, dependent students, and independent students without dependents other than a spouse. Section 478(g) of the HEA directs the Secretary to update the tables for State and other taxes after reviewing the Statistics of Income file data maintained by the Internal Revenue Service.

StateParents of dependents and independents with dependents other than a spouseDependents and independents without dependents other than a spouse
Percent of total incomeAll
Under $15,000$15,000 & Up
Alabama322
Alaska210
Arizona432
Arkansas433
California875
Colorado543
Connecticut875
Delaware543
District of Columbia765
Florida321
Georgia653
Hawaii433
Idaho543
Illinois542
Indiana433
Iowa543
Kansas543
Kentucky544
Louisiana322
Maine654
Maryland876
Massachusetts764
Michigan543
Minnesota654
Mississippi323
Missouri543
Montana543
Nebraska543
Nevada321
New Hampshire541
New Jersey984
New Mexico322
New York986
North Carolina654
North Dakota321
Ohio653
Oklahoma433
Oregon765
Pennsylvania543
Rhode Island764
South Carolina543
South Dakota211
Tennessee211
Texas321
Utah543
Vermont653
Virginia654
Washington431
West Virginia322
Wisconsin764
Wyoming211
Other212

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Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1087rr.

Dated: May 23, 2012.

James W. Runcie,

Chief Operating Officer, Federal Student Aid.

[FR Doc. 2012-12939 Filed 5-25-12; 8:45 am]

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