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Colorectal Cancer Control Program Indirect/Non-Medical Cost Study—New—National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, following lung cancer. Based on scientific evidence which indicates that regular screening with fecal occult blood testing (FOBT), fecal immunochemical testing (FIT), flexible sigmoidoscopy, and/or colonoscopy is effective in reducing CRC incidence and mortality, regular CRC screening is now recommended for average-risk persons. In 2009, by applying lessons learned from a four-year e demonstration program, CDC designed and initiated the larger population-based Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) at 29 sites with the goals of reducing health disparities in CRC screening, incidence and mortality.
To date there has been no comprehensive assessment of all the costs associated with CRC screening, especially indirect and non-medical costs that may act as barriers to screening, incurred by the low-income population served by the CRCCP. CDC proposes to address this gap by collecting information from a subset of patients enrolled in the program. CDC plans to conduct the information collection in partnership with providers in five states (Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, New York, and Pennsylvania).
Each provider site will administer the survey to patients who undergo screening by FIT or colonoscopy until it reaches a target number of responses. Targets for each site range between 75 and 150 completed questionnaires, depending on the volume of patients screened. Patients who undergo fecal immunochemical testing will be asked to complete the FIT questionnaire, which is estimated to take about 10 minutes. Patients who undergo colonoscopy will be asked to complete the Colonoscopy questionnaire, which includes additional questions about the preparation and recovery associated with this procedure. The estimated burden per response for the Colonoscopy questionnaire is 25 minutes. Demographic information will be collected from all patients who participate in the study. Participation in the study is voluntary, but patients will be offered an incentive in the form of a gift card. Each participating provider will make patient navigators available to assist patients with coordinating the screening process and completing the questionnaires. Providers will be reimbursed for patient navigator time and administrative expense associated with data collection.
This information collection will be used to produce estimates of the personal costs incurred by patients who undergo CRC screening by FIT or colonoscopy, and to improve understanding of these costs as potential barriers to participation. Study findings will be disseminated through reports, presentations, and publications. Results will also be used by participating sites, CDC, and other federal agencies to improve delivery of CRC screening services and to increase screening rates among low-income adults over 50 years of age who have no health insurance or inadequate health insurance for CRC screening.
OMB approval is requested for one year. Each respondent will have the option of completing a hardcopy questionnaire (in English or Spanish) or an on-line questionnaire. No identifiable information will be collected by CDC or CDC's data collection contractor. There are no costs to respondents other than their time. The total estimated annualized burden hours are 181.
Estimated Annualized Burden Hours
|Type of respondents||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per
respondent||Average burden per response (in hr)|
|Patients Served by the Colorectal Cancer Control Program||FIT Questionnaire||300||1||10/60|
| ||Colonoscopy Questionnaire||315||1||25/60|
Dated: November 19, 2012.
Ron A. Otten,
Director, Office of Scientific Integrity (OSI), Office of the Associate Director for Science (OADS), Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2012-28727 Filed 11-26-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P