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In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-7570 and send comments to Ron Otten, at 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an email to email@example.com.
Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.
Formative Research, Messages and Materials Development for Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Human Development and Disabilities, and Blood Disorders—NEW—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).
Background and Brief Description
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD), requests approval for a new generic information collection package that supports formative research in birth defects and developmental disabilities; human development and disabilities, and blood disorders. Identified priority diseases, disorders, and conditions included in this information collection activity include but are not limited to preconception health; autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental disabilities; fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs); neural tube defects (spina bifida, anencephaly); muscular dystrophy; fragile X; deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism (DVT/PE); sickle cell disease (SCD); attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); and Tourette syndrome.
The Children's Health Act of 2000 required the establishment of NCBDDD. The Center is organized into three divisions, which are focused on birth defects and developmental disabilities, human development and disabilities, and blood disorders. NCBDDD promotes the health of babies, children and adults and focuses on identifying the causes of and prevention of birth defects and developmental disabilities; helping children to develop and reach their potential for full, productive living; and optimizing the health outcomes among people of all ages with disabilities. These goals are accomplished through research, partnerships, and prevention and education programs.
Birth defects affect 1 in 33 babies and are a leading cause of infant death in the United States. More than 5,500 infants die each year due to birth defects. Additionally, over 500,000 children are diagnosed with a developmental disability. With more information, the causes of these birth defects and developmental disabilities can be identified and action can be taken to protect children and to develop new ways to help women have healthy babies.
Disabilities can affect anyone of any age. About 1 in 5 Americans report having some level of disability. People with disabilities need health care and health programs to stay well, active, and a part of the community. To be healthy, people with disabilities require health care that meets their needs as a whole person, not just as a person with a disability.
Blood disorders such as sickle cell disease, anemia, and hemophilia—affect millions of people each year in the United States, cutting across the boundaries of age, race, sex, and socioeconomic status. Men, women, and children of all backgrounds live with the complications associated with these conditions, many of which are painful and potentially life-threatening. With proper preventive actions and early intervention, many of these disorders and their complications could, to a large extent, be eliminated. NCBDDD is dedicated to reducing the public health burden resulting from these conditions by contributing to a better understanding of blood disorders and their complications; ensuring that prevention programs are developed, implemented, and evaluated; ensuring that information is accessible to consumers and health care providers; and encouraging action to improve the quality of life for people living with or affected by these conditions.
The behavioral, clinical, and surveillance projects implemented by NCBDDD are the foundation upon which recommendations and guidelines are revised and updated. Formative research is the mechanism by which evidence is obtained for priority diseases in these three (3) health condition groups and by which recommendations and guidelines are revised and updated.
NCBDDD conducts formative research for developing new messages, materials, and strategies that respond to the changing epidemiology of these priority health conditions. A generic clearance mechanism would increase productivity of CDC programs and improve the quality of public health interventions and health communication programs.
The data collection and evidence are developed using a multitude of information sources including internal and external subject matter experts, field experience, consultation with external colleagues, piloting activities, and formal evaluations. The involvement of external and internal subject matter experts produces scientifically valid instruments, interventions, and methods that enable NCBDDD to be responsive to the changing epidemiology and community needs of these priority diseases. Targeted audience members or representatives provide the information for developing clear and influential health messages, materials, and strategies that promote health and well-being. An integrated research effort is needed to fill in gaps of knowledge, awareness, screening, and prevention behaviors and could simultaneously work to reduce stigma surrounding these topics within special populations, explore cultural issues, and increase the demand for, and uptake of screening by health care providers.
Overall, these formative research activities are intended to provide information that will increase the success of the surveillance or research project through increasing response rates and decreasing response error thereby decreasing future data collection burden to the public.
This request is submitted to obtain OMB clearance for three years. The estimates of annualized burden hours are based on past experience with recruitment and the administration of Start Printed Page 14554similar surveys and focus groups. It is estimated that 80,500 respondents will have to be screened annually to recruit the appropriate number of respondents for this data collection activity. Specific information will be provided with each individual project submission. The estimated annualized burden hours for this data collection activity is 49,667. There is no cost to respondents other than their time.
|Type of respondent||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average hours per response||Total response burden (hours)|
|General public and health care providers||Screener||80,500||1||10/60||13,417|
|General public and health care providers||Consent Forms||30,000||1||5/60||2,500|
|General public and health care providers||Moderator's Guide||30,000||1||1||30,000|
|General public and health care providers||Surveys||15,000||1||15/60||3,750|
Dated: February 28, 2013.
Ron A. Otten,
Director, Office of Scientific Integrity (OSI), Office of the Associate Director for Science (OADS), Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2013-05236 Filed 3-5-13; 8:45 am]
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