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Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 56 Species in California and Nevada

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Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.


Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.


We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act), of 18 animal species and 38 plant species. A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for the species. In this notice, we also announce 5-year reviews that were completed for 27 species in California and Nevada between March 1, 2012, and January 31, 2013.


To ensure consideration, we are requesting submission of new information no later than May 31, 2013. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time.


For how to submit information, see Request for Information and “How Do I Ask Questions or Provide Information?” in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section.

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For information on a particular species, contact the appropriate person or office listed in the table in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section.

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Why do we conduct a 5-year review?

Under the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (which we collectively refer to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species under active review. For additional information about 5-year reviews, go to​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html, scroll down to “Learn More about 5-Year Reviews,” and click on our factsheet.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for the species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the species listed in the table below.Start Printed Page 19511

Common nameScientific nameListing statusWhere listedFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Contact person, phone, emailContact person's U.S. mail address
Beetle, delta green groundElaphrus viridisThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)45 FR 52807; 08/08/1980Josh Hull, Recovery Division Chief, 916-414-6600 (phone); fw1sfo5year@ (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office, 2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2605, Sacramento, CA 95825.
Butterfly, bay checkerspotEuphydryas editha bayensisThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)49 FR 45160; 11/15/1984Josh Hull (above).
Butterfly, callippe silverspotSpeyeria callippe callippeEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 64306; 12/05/1997Josh Hull (above).
Butterfly, Myrtle's silverspotSpeyeria zerene myrtleaeEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)57 FR 27848; 06/22/1992Josh Hull (above).
Chub, Mohave tuiGila bicolor mohavensis = Siphaletes bicolor mohavensisEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Mike McCrary, Listing and Recovery Coordinator—Wildlife, 805-644-1766 (phone); fw8vfwo5year@ (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, CA 93003.
Chub, Owens tuiSiphateles bicolor snyderi = Gila bicolor snyderiEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)50 FR 31592; 09/05/1985Mike McCrary (above).
Crayfish, ShastaPacifastacus fortisEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)53 FR 38460; 09/30/1988Josh Hull (above).
Mountain beaver, Point ArenaAplodontia rufa nigraEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)56 FR 64716; 12/12/1991John Hunter, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, 707-822-7201 (phone); (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521.
Pupfish, OwensCyprinodon radiosusEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967Mike McCrary (above).
Rail, light-footed clapperRallus longirostris levipesEndangeredU.S.A. (CA), Mexico (Baja California)34 FR 5034; 03/08/1969Bradd Baskerville-Bridges, 760-431-9440 (phone); fw8cfwocomments@ (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 6010 Hidden Valley Road, Suite 101, Carlsbad, CA 92011.
Salamander, desert slenderBatrachoseps aridusEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)38 FR 14678; 06/04/1973Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Salamander, Santa Cruz long-toedAmbystoma macrodactylum croceumEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)32 FR 4001; 03/11/1967Mike McCrary (above).
Shrike, San Clemente loggerheadLanius ludovicianus mearnsiEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)42 FR 40682; 08/11/1977Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Sparrow, San Clemente sageAmphispiza belli clementeaeThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)42 FR 40682; 08/11/1977Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Springfish, Railroad ValleyCrenichthys nevadaeThreatenedWherever found51 FR 10857; 3/31/1987Ted Koch, Field Supervisor, 775-861-6300 (phone); (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 1340 Financial Blvd., Suite 234, Reno, Nevada 89502.
Stickleback, unarmored threespineGasterosteus aculeatus williamsoniEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Mike McCrary (above).
Trout, Lahontan cutthroatOncorhynchus clarkii henshawiThreatenedWherever found40 FR 29863; 07/16/1975Ted Koch (above).
Vole, AmargosaMicrotus californicus scirpensisEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)49 FR 45160; 11/15/1984Mike McCrary (above).
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Scientific nameCommon nameListing statusWhere listedFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Contact person, phone, emailContact person's U.S. mail address
Acanthomintha ilicifoliaSan Diego thornmintThreatenedU.S.A. (CA), Mexico63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Acanthoscyphus (Oxytheca) parishii var. goodmanianaCushenbury oxythecaEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 43562; 08/24/1994Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Allium munziiMunz's onionEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Amsinckia grandifloraLarge-flowered fiddleneckEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)50 FR 19374; 05/08/1985Josh Hull (above).
Astragalus albensCushenbury milk-vetchEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 43562; 08/24/1994Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Astragalus brauntoniiBraunton's milk-vetchEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 4172; 12/01/1997Connie Rutherford, Listing and Recovery Coordinator—Plants, 805-644-1766 (phone); (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, CA 93003.
Astragalus clarianusClara Hunt's milk-vetchEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997Josh Hull (above).
Astragalus lentiginosus var. piscinensisFish slough milk-vetchEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)63 FR 53596, 06/10/1998Connie Rutherford (above).
Astragalus phoenixAsh Meadows milk-vetchThreatenedWherever found50 FR 20777; 05/20/1985Ted Koch (above).
Astragalus tener var. titiCoastal dunes milk-vetchEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)63 FR 43100; 08/12/1998Connie Rutherford (above).
Camissonia benitensisSan Benito evening-primroseEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)50 FR 5755; 02/12/1985Connie Rutherford (above).
Carex albidaWhite sedgeEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997Josh Hull (above).
Centaurium namophilumSpring-loving centauryThreatenedWherever found50 FR 20777; 0/20/1985Ted Koch (above).
Chamaesyce hooveriHoover's spurgeThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 14338; 03/26/1997Josh Hull (above).
Chorizanthe pungens var. pungensMonterey spineflowerThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 5499; 04/02/1994Connie Rutherford (above).
Cirsium hydrophilum var. hydrophilumSuisun thistleEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 61916; 11/20/1997Josh Hull (above).
Clarkia speciosa var. immaculataPismo clarkiaEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994Connie Rutherford (above).
Clarkia springvillensisSpringville clarkiaThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)63 FR 49022; 09/14/1998Josh Hull (above).
Cordylanthus maritimus subsp. maritimusSalt marsh bird's beakEndangeredU.S.A. (CA), Mexico (Baja California)43 FR 44810; 09/29/1978Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Cordylanthus mollis subsp. mollisSoft bird's-beakEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 61916; 11/20/1997Josh Hull (above).
Cordylanthus palmatusPalmate-bracted bird's-beakEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)51 FR 23765; 04/01/1986Josh Hull (above).
Deinandra (Hemizonia) conjugensOtay tarplantThreatenedU.S.A. (CA), Mexico63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Dudleya abramsii subsp. parvaConejo dudleyaEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 4172; 01/29/1997Connie Rutherford (above).
Erigeron parishiiParish's daisyThreatenedU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 43562; 08/24/1994Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
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Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineumCushenbury buckwheatEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 43562; 08/24/1994Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Eriogonum ovalifolium var. williamsiaeSteamboat buckwheatEndangeredWherever found51 FR 24669; 07/08/1986Ted Koch (above).
Eryngium constanceiLoch Lomond coyote-thistleEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)51 FR 45904; 12/23/1986Josh Hull (above).
Lilium occidentaleWestern lilyEndangeredU.S.A. (CA, OR)59 FR 42171; 08/17/1994Gary Falxa, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, 707-822-7201 (phone); (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521.
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinensePitkin Marsh lilyEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997Josh Hull (above).
Navarretia fossalisSpreading navarretiaThreatenedU.S.A. (CA), Mexico (Baja California)63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Navarretia leucocephala subsp. plieanthaMany-flowered navarretiaEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 33029; 06/18/1997Josh Hull (above).
Orcuttia pilosaHairy Orcutt grassEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 14338; 03/26/1997Josh Hull (above).
Parvisedum leiocarpumLake County stonecropEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 33029; 06/18/1997Josh Hull (above).
Physaria (Lesquerella) kingii subsp. bernardinaSan Bernardino Mountains bladderpodEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)59 FR 43562; 08/24/1994Bradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Potentilla hickmaniiHickman's potentillaEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)63 FR 43100; 08/08/1998Connie Rutherford (above).
Sidalcea oregana subsp. validaKenwood Marsh checker-mallowEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997Josh Hull (above).
Thysanocarpus conchuliferusSanta Cruz Island fringepodEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)61 FR 40954; 07/31/1997Connie Rutherford (above).
Tuctoria mucronataSolano grassEndangeredU.S.A. (CA)43 FR 44810; 09/28/1978Josh Hull (above).

Request for Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See “What Information Do We Consider in Our Review?” for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

How do I ask questions or provide information?

If you wish to provide information for any species listed above, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in the table above. You may also direct questions to those contacts. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

Public Availability of Submissions

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted.

Completed 5-Year Reviews

We also take this opportunity to inform the public of 5-year reviews that we completed between March 1, 2012, and January 31, 2013, for 27 species in California and Nevada. Reviews for these 27 species can be found at​endangered/​species/​index.html. Start Printed Page 19514

Common nameScientific nameLead fish and wildlife officeContact
Butterfly, Behren's silverspotSpeyeria zerene behrensiiArcataKathleen Brubaker, 707-822-7201 (phone).
Dace, Clover Valley speckledRhinichthys osculus oligoporusNevadaTed Koch, 775-861-6300 (phone).
Dace, desertEremichthys acrosNevadaTed Koch (above).
Fairy shrimp, ConservancyBranchinecta conservatioSacramentoJosh Hull, 916-414-6600 (phone).
Fairy shrimp, longhornBranchinecta longiantennaSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Frog, mountain yellow-leggedRana muscosaCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges, 760-431-9440 (phone).
Lizard, Island nightXantusia riversianaCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Skipper, Carson wanderingPseudocopaeodes eunus obscurusNevadaTed Koch (above).
Snake, giant garterThamnophis gigasSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Springfish, Hiko White RiverCrenichthys baileyi grandisNevadaTed Koch (above).
Springfish, White RiverCrenichthys baileyi baileyiNevadaTed Koch (above).
Woodrat, riparianNeotoma fuscipes ripariaSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Arctostaphylos hookeri var. raveniiPresidio manzanitaSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Brodiaea pallidaChinese Camp brodiaeaSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Castilleja affinis ssp. neglectaTiburon paintbrushSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Castilleja griseaSan Clemente Island Indian paintbrushCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Delphinium bakeriBaker's larkspurSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Dudleya traskiaeSanta Barbara Island liveforever (dudleya)SacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Lessingia germanorum var . germanorumSan Francisco lessingiaSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Lotus dendroideus var . traskiaeSan Clemente Island broom (lotus)CarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Malacothamnus clementinusSan Clemente Island bush-mallowCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Malacothamnus fasciculatus var . nesioticusSanta Cruz Island bush-mallowVenturaConnie Rutherford, 805-644-1766 (phone).
Sibara filifolaSanta Cruz Island rock-cressCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).
Sidalcea keckiiKeck's checkermallowSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Trifolium amoenumShowy Indian cloverSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Verbena californicaRed Hills vervainSacramentoJosh Hull (above).
Monardella vimineaWillowy monardellaCarlsbadBradd Baskerville-Bridges (above).


This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: March 26, 2013.

Alexandra Pitts,

Regional Director, Pacific Southwest Region.

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[FR Doc. 2013-07495 Filed 3-29-13; 8:45 am]