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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Food and Drug Administration Approval To Market a New Drug: Patent Submission and Listing Requirements

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on the reporting requirements for submission and listing of patent information associated with a new drug application (NDA), an amendment, or a supplement.

DATES:

Submit either electronic or written comments on the collection of information by August 16, 2013.

ADDRESSES:

Submit electronic comments on the collection of information to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ila S. Mizrachi, Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration, 1350 Piccard Dr., P150-400B, Rockville, MD 20850, 301-796-7726, Ila.Mizrachi@fda.hhs.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal Agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes Agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal Agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Applications for FDA Approval To Market a New Drug: Patent Submission and Listing Requirements and Application of 30-Month Stays on Approval of Abbreviated New Drug Applications Certifying That a Patent Claiming a Drug Is Invalid or Will Not Be Infringed—(OMB Control Number 0910-0513)—Extension

Section 505(b)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 355(b)(1)) requires all NDA applicants to file, as part of the NDA, “the patent number and the expiration date of any patent which claims the drug for which the applicant submitted the application or which claims a method of using such drug and with respect to which a claim of patent infringement could reasonably be asserted if a person not licensed by the owner engaged in the manufacture, use, or sale of the drug.” Section 505(c)(2) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 355(c)(2)) imposes a similar patent submission obligation on holders of approved NDAs when the NDA holder could not have submitted the patent information with its application. Under section 505(b)(1) of the FD&C Act, we publish patent information after approval of an NDA in the list entitled “Approved Drug Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations” (the Orange Book). If patent information is submitted after NDA approval, section 505(c)(2) of the FD&C Act directs us to publish the information upon its submission.

FDA regulations at §§ 314.50(h) (21 CFR 314.50(h)) and 314.53 (21 CFR 314.53) clarify the types of patent information that must and must not be submitted to FDA as part of an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement, and require persons submitting an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement, or submitting information on a patent after NDA approval, to make a detailed patent declaration using Forms FDA 3542 and 3542a.

The reporting burden for submitting an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement in accordance with § 314.50 Start Printed Page 36194(a) through (f) and (k) has been estimated by FDA and the collection of information has been approved by OMB under OMB control number 0910-0001. We are not reestimating these approved burdens in this document. Only the reporting burdens associated with patent submission and listing, as explained in the following paragraphs, are estimated in this document.

The information collection reporting requirements are as follows:

Section 314.50(h) requires that an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement contain patent information described under § 314.53.

Section 314.53 requires that an applicant submitting an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement, except as provided in § 314.53(d)(2), submit on Forms FDA 3542 and 3542a, the required patent information described in this section.

Compliance with the information collection burdens under §§ 314.50(h) and 314.53 consists of submitting with an NDA, an amendment, or a supplement (collectively referred to as “application”) the required patent declaration(s) on Form FDA 3542a for each “patent that claims the drug or a method of using the drug that is the subject of the new drug application or amendment or supplement to it and with respect to which a claim of patent infringement could reasonably be asserted if a person not licensed by the owner of the patent engaged in the manufacture, use, or sale of the drug product” (§ 314.53(b)). Such patents claim the drug substance (active ingredient), drug product (formulation and composition), or method of use. If a patent is issued after the application is filed with FDA, but before the application is approved, the applicant must submit the required patent information on Form FDA 3542a as an amendment to the application, within 30 days of the date of issuance of the patent.

Within 30 days after the date of approval of an application, the applicant must submit Form FDA 3542 for each patent that claims the drug substance (active ingredient), drug product (formulation and composition), or approved method of use for listing in the Orange Book. In addition, for patents issued after the date of approval of an application, Form FDA 3542 must be submitted within 30 days of the date of issuance of the patent.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden 1

21 CFR 314.50 (citing § 314.53)Number of respondentsNumber of responses per respondentTotal annual responsesAverage burden per responseTotal hours
Form FDA 35421832.851252,560
Form FDA 3542a2012.85632011,260
Total13,820
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

The numbers of patents submitted to FDA for listing in the Orange Book in 2010, 2011, and 2012 were 351, 329, and 458, respectively, for an annual average of 379 (351 patents + 329 patents + 458 patents)/3 years = 379 patents/year). Because many of these individual patents are included in multiple NDA submissions, there could be multiple declarations for a single patent. From our previous review of submissions, we believe that approximately 14 percent of the patents submitted are included in multiple NDA submissions, and thus require multiple patent declarations. Therefore, we estimate that 53 (379 patents × 14 percent) patents will be multiple listings, and there will be a total of 432 patents (379 patents + 53 patents = 432 patents) declared on Form FDA 3542. We approved 84, 93, and 86 NDAs in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively, of which approximately 71 percent submitted patent information for listing in the Orange Book. The remaining NDAs submitted Form FDA 3542 as required and declared that there were no relevant patents. We also approved approximately 101, 83, and 101 NDA supplements in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively, for which submission of a patent declaration would be required. We estimate there will be 183 instances (based on an average of 88 NDA approvals and 95 supplement approvals per year) where an NDA holder would be affected by the patent declaration requirements, and that each of these NDA holders would, on average, submit 2.8 declarations (432 patent declarations + 76 no relevant patent declarations)/183 instances = 2.8 declarations per instance) on Form FDA 3542. We filed 96, 91, and 112 NDAs in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively, and 100, 91, and 112 NDA supplements in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively, for which submission of a patent declaration would be required. We estimate there will be 201 instances (based on an average of 100 NDAs filed and 101 NDA supplements filed per year) where an NDA holder would be affected by the patent declaration requirements. We estimate, based on a proportional increase from the number of declarations for approved NDAs, that there will be an annual total of 563 declarations (201 instances × 2.8 declarations per instance = 563 declarations) on Form FDA 3542a submitted with these applications. Based upon information provided by regulated entities and other information, we previously estimated that the information collection burden associated with § 314.50(h) (citing § 314.53) and Forms FDA 3542 and 3542a will be approximately 5 hours and 20 hours per response, respectively.

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Dated: June 11, 2013.

Leslie Kux,

Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2013-14299 Filed 6-14-13; 8:45 am]

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