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Rule

Migratory Bird Hunting; Early Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds in the Contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands

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Start Preamble Start Printed Page 53200

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits of mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves; band-tailed pigeons; rails; moorhens and gallinules; woodcock; common snipe; sandhill cranes; sea ducks; early (September) waterfowl seasons; migratory game birds in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; youth waterfowl day; and some extended falconry seasons. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits taking of designated species during the 2013-14 season.

DATES:

This rule is effective on September 1, 2013.

ADDRESSES:

You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in Room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2013-0057.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Regulations Schedule for 2013

On April 9, 2013, we published in the Federal Register (78 FR 21200) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2013-14 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were also identified in the April 9 proposed rule. Further, we explained that all sections of subsequent documents outlining hunting frameworks and guidelines were organized under numbered headings. Subsequent documents will refer only to numbered items requiring attention. Therefore, it is important to note that we omit those items requiring no attention, and remaining numbered items might be discontinuous or appear incomplete.

On June 14, 2013, we published in the Federal Register (78 FR 35844) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The June 14 supplement also provided detailed information on the 2013-14 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and Flyway Council meetings.

On June 19 and 20, 2013, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2013-14 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; special September waterfowl seasons in designated States; special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway; and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2013-14 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 26, 2013, we published in the Federal Register (78 FR 45376) a third document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. In late August 2013, we published in the Federal Register a final rule which contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits.

On July 31-August 1, 2013, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2013-14 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. We published the proposed frameworks for late-season regulations (primarily hunting seasons that start after October 1 and most waterfowl seasons not already established) in an August 22, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 52338).

The final rule described here is the sixth in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves; band-tailed pigeons; rails; moorhens and gallinules; woodcock; common snipe; sandhill cranes; sea ducks; early (September) waterfowl seasons; migratory game birds in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; youth waterfowl hunting day; and some extended falconry seasons.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

The programmatic document, “Second Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (EIS 20130139),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on May 24, 2013, addresses NEPA compliance by the Service for issuance of the annual framework regulations for hunting of migratory game bird species. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on May 31, 2013 (78 FR 32686), and our Record of Decision on July 26, 2013 (78 FR 45376). We also address NEPA compliance for waterfowl hunting frameworks through the annual preparation of separate environmental assessments, the most recent being “Duck Hunting Regulations for 2013-14,” with its corresponding August 19, 2013, finding of no significant impact. In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the caption FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out . . . is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in Start Printed Page 53201the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat. . . .” Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has reviewed this rule and has determined that this rule is significant because it would have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy.

Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2013-14 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2012-13 season, (2) issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2012-13 season. For the 2013-14 season, we chose Alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $317.8-$416.8 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10, the 2010-11, the 2012-13, and the 2012-13 seasons. The 2013-14 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2013-0057.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, 2008, and 2013. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2013 Analysis was based on the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.5 billion at small businesses in 2013. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​NewReportsPublications/​SpecialTopics/​SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2013-0057.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we are not deferring the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

This final rule does not contain any new information collection that requires approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. OMB has reviewed and approved the information collection requirements associated with migratory bird surveys and assigned the following OMB control numbers:

  • 1018-0010—Mourning Dove Call Count Survey (expires 4/30/2015).
  • 1018-0019—North American Woodcock Singing Ground Survey (expire 4/30/2015).
  • 1018-0023—Migratory Bird Surveys (expires 4/30/2014). Includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program, Migratory Bird Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and Parts Collection Survey.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-711), does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order Start Printed Page 5320212866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally-recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 9 Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2013-14 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 2, 2013, proposed rule (78 FR 47136). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that, when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: August 12, 2013.

Rachel Jacobson,

Principal Assistant Deputy Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

End Signature

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 20—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742 a-j, Pub. L. 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

End Authority

Note:

The following annual hunting regulations provided for by §§ 20.101 through 20.106 and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature.

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 20.101 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset.

CHECK COMMONWEALTH REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

(a) Puerto Rico.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Doves and Pigeons:
Zenaida, white-winged, and mourning doves 1Sept. 7-Nov. 42020
Scaly-naped pigeonsSept. 7-Nov. 455
DucksNov. 16-Dec. 23 &612
Jan. 11-Jan. 27612
Common MoorhensNov. 16-Dec. 23 &612
Jan. 11-Jan. 27612
Common SnipeNov. 16-Dec. 23 &816
Jan. 11-Jan. 27816
1 Not more than 10 Zenaida and 3 mourning doves in the aggregate.
Start Printed Page 53203

Restrictions: In Puerto Rico, the season is closed on the ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, purple gallinule, American coot, Caribbean coot, white-crowned pigeon, and plain pigeon.

Closed Areas: Closed areas are described in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

(b) Virgin Islands.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Zenaida dovesSept. 1-Sept. 301010
DucksCLOSED

Restrictions: In the Virgin Islands, the seasons are closed for ground or quail doves, pigeons, ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, and purple gallinule.

Closed Areas: Ruth Cay, just south of St. Croix, is closed to the hunting of migratory game birds. All Offshore Cays under jurisdiction of the Virgin Islands Government are closed to the hunting of migratory game birds.

Start Amendment Part

3. Section 20.102 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Alaska.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Area seasonsDates
North ZoneSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Gulf Coast ZoneSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Southeast ZoneSept. 16-Dec. 31.
Pribilof & Aleutian Islands ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 22.
Kodiak ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 22.

Daily Bag and Possession Limits

AreaDucks 1Dark geese 2 3 4Light geese 2Brant 2Common snipeSandhill cranes 5
North Zone10-304-124-122-68-243-9
Gulf Coast Zone8-244-124-122-68-242-6
Southeast Zone7-214-124-122-68-242-6
Pribilof and Aleutian Islands Zone7-214-124-122-68-242-6
Kodiak Zone7-214-124-122-68-242-6
1 The basic duck bag limits may include no more than 1 canvasback daily, 3 in possession, and may not include sea ducks. In addition to the basic duck limits, sea duck limits of 10 daily, 20 in possession, singly or in the aggregate, including no more than 6 each of either harlequin or long-tailed ducks, are allowed. Special sea duck limits will be available to nonresidents, but at lower daily limits than residents, and they may take no more than a possession limit of 20 per season, including no more than 4 each of harlequin and long-tailed ducks, black, surf, and white-winged scoters, and king and common eiders. In Unit 15C, Kachemak Bay east of a line from Point Pogibshi to Anchor Point, the special sea duck daily bag limit for residents and nonresidents is 2 per day, 4 in possession, for harlequin and long-tailed ducks, and 1 per day, 2 in possession, for eiders (king and common collectively). Sea ducks include scoters, common and king eiders, harlequin ducks, long-tailed ducks, and common and red-breasted mergansers. The season for Steller's and spectacled eiders is closed.
2 Dark geese include Canada and white-fronted geese. Light geese include snow geese and Ross' geese. Separate limits apply to brant. The season for emperor geese is closed Statewide.
3 In Units 5 and 6, the taking of Canada geese is only permitted from September 28 through December 16. In the Middleton Island portion of Unit 6, the taking of Canada geese is by special permit only, with a maximum of 10 permits for the season and a daily bag and possession limit of 1. The season shall close if incidental harvest includes 5 dusky Canada geese. In Unit 6-C and on Hinchinbrook and Hawkins Islands in Unit 6-D, a special, permit-only Canada goose season may be offered. Hunters must have all harvested geese checked and classified to subspecies. The daily bag limit is 4 daily and 8 in possession. The Canada goose season will close in all of the permit areas if the total dusky goose harvest reaches 40.
4 In Units 9, 10, 17 and 18, dark goose limits are 6 per day, 12 in possession.
5 In Unit 17, the daily bag limit for sandhill cranes is 2 and the possession limit is 4.

Falconry: The total combined bag and possession limit for migratory game birds taken with the use of a falcon under a falconry permit is 3 per day, 9 in possession, and may not exceed a more restrictive limit for any species listed in this subsection.

Special Tundra Swan Season: In Units 17, 18, 22, and 23, there will be a tundra swan season from September 1 through October 31 with a season limit of 3 tundra swans per hunter. This season is by registration permit only; hunters will be issued 1 permit allowing the take of up to 3 tundra swans. Hunters will be required to file a harvest report after the season is completed. Up to 500 permits may be issued in Unit 18; 300 permits each in Units 22 and 23; and 200 permits in Unit 17.

Start Amendment Part

4. Section 20.103, including the heading, is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for doves and pigeons.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.Start Printed Page 53204

(a) Doves.

Note:

Unless otherwise noted, the seasons listed below are for mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate.

Season DatesLimits
BagPoss.
EASTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT
Alabama:
North Zone12 noon to sunsetSept. 7 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 8-Oct. 6 & Oct. 19-Nov. 2 & Dec. 7-Dec. 3115 15 1545 45 45
South Zone12 noon to sunsetSept. 21 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 22-Sept 29 & Oct. 12-Oct. 27 & Nov. 29-Jan. 1215 15 1545 45 45
DelawareSept. 2-Sept. 28 &1545
Oct. 21-Nov. 2 &1545
Dec. 13-Jan. 111545
Florida12 noon to sunsetOct. 5-Oct. 281545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetNov. 16-Dec. 1 & Dec. 14-Jan. 1215 1545 45
Georgia12 noon to sunsetSept. 7 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 8-Sept. 22 Oct. 12-Oct. 20 & Nov. 28-Jan. 1115 15 1545 45 45
Illinois1Sept. 1-Oct. 27 &1545
Nov. 2-Nov. 141545
IndianaSept. 1-Oct. 13 &1545
Nov. 8-Dec. 41545
Kentucky11 a.m. to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Oct. 24 & Nov. 28-Dec. 6 & Dec. 28-Jan. 315 15 1545 45 45
Louisiana:
North Zone12 noon to sunsetSept. 7 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 8-Sept. 22 & Oct. 12-Nov. 10 & Dec. 14-Jan. 615 15 1545 45 45
South Zone12 noon to sunsetSept. 7 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 8-Sept. 15 & Oct. 19-Dec. 1 & Dec. 21-Jan. 615 15 1545 45 45
Maryland12 noon to sunsetSept. 2-Oct. 51545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetNov. 6-Nov. 29 & Dec. 21-Jan. 115 1545 45
Mississippi:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 22 &1545
Oct. 12-Nov. 4 &1545
Dec. 20-Jan. 121545
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 9 &1545
Oct. 5-Nov. 4 &1545
Dec. 14-Jan. 121545
North CarolinaSept. 2-Oct. 5 &1545
Nov. 25-Nov. 30 &1545
Dec. 13-Jan. 111545
OhioSept. 1-Oct. 21 &1545
Dec. 15-Jan. 21545
Pennsylvania12 noon to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 28 &1545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetOct. 26-Nov. 30 & Dec. 26-Jan. 115 1545 45
Rhode Island12 noon to sunsetSept. 14-Oct. 131224
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetOct. 19-Nov. 9 & Dec. 18-Jan. 412 1224 24
South Carolina12 noon to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 71545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 8-Oct. 5 & Nov. 23-Nov. 30 & Dec. 19-Jan. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Tennessee12 noon to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 26 & Oct. 12-Oct. 27 & Dec. 19-Jan. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Virginia12 noon to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 61545
Start Printed Page 53205
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 7-Oct. 14 & Oct. 19-Nov. 2 & Dec. 31-Jan. 1115 15 1545 45 45
West Virginia12 noon to sunsetSept. 2 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 3-Oct. 5 & Oct. 21-Nov. 9 & Dec. 23-Jan. 415 15 1545 45 45
WisconsinSept. 1-Nov. 91545
CENTRAL MANAGEMENT UNIT
ArkansasSept. 1-Oct. 20 &1545
Dec. 21-Jan. 91545
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 91545
IowaSept. 1-Nov. 91545
KansasSept. 1-Oct. 31 &1545
Nov. 2-Nov. 101545
MinnesotaSept. 1-Nov. 91545
MissouriSept. 1-Nov 91545
MontanaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
NebraskaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
New Mexico:
North ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 91545
South ZoneSept. 1-Oct. 9 & Dec. 1-Dec. 3115 1545 45
North DakotaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
OklahomaSept. 1-Oct. 31 &1545
Dec. 21-Dec. 291545
South DakotaSept. 1-Nov. 91530
Texas:2
North ZoneSept. 1-Oct. 23 &1545
Dec. 20-Jan. 51545
Central ZoneSept. 1-Oct. 23 &1545
Dec. 20-Jan. 51545
South ZoneSpecial AreaSept. 20-Oct. 23 &1545
Dec. 20-Jan. 201545
(Special Season)Sept. 1-Sept. 2 &1545
12 noon to sunsetSept. 7-Sept. 81545
Remainder of the South ZoneSept. 20-Oct. 27 & Dec. 20-Jan. 2015 1545 45
WyomingSept. 1-Nov. 91530
WESTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT
Arizona3Sept. 1-Sept. 15 &1030
Nov. 22-Jan. 51030
CaliforniaSept. 1-Sept. 15 &1030
Nov. 9-Dec. 231030
IdahoSept. 1-Sept. 301030
NevadaSept. 1-Sept. 301030
OregonSept. 1-Sept. 301030
UtahSept. 2-Sept. 301030
WashingtonSept. 1-Sept. 301030
OTHER POPULATIONS
Hawaii4Nov. 2-Nov. 29 &1010
Dec. 1-Dec. 28 &1010
Jan. 1-Jan. 191010
1 In Illinois, shooting hours are sunrise to sunset.
2 In Texas, the daily bag limit is either 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be white-tipped doves with a maximum 70-day season. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit. During the special season in the Special White-winged Dove Area of the South Zone, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be mourning doves and 2 may be white-tipped doves. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit.
3 In Arizona, during September 1 through 15, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate of which no more than 6 may be white-wing doves. During November 22 through January 5, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning doves. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
4 In Hawaii, the season is only open on the island of Hawaii. The daily bag and possession limits are 10 mourning doves, spotted doves and chestnut-bellied sandgrouse in the aggregate. Shooting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise through one-half hour after sunset. Hunting is permitted only on weekends and State Holidays.
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(b) Band-tailed Pigeons.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ArizonaSept. 6-Sept. 2926
California:
North ZoneSept. 14-Sept. 2226
South ZoneDec. 14-Dec. 2226
ColoradoSept. 1-Sept. 30515
New Mexico:1
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 20515
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 20515
OregonSept. 15-Sept. 2326
Utah2Sept. 2-Sept. 3026
WashingtonSept. 15-Sept. 2324
(1) In New Mexico, each band-tailed pigeon hunter must have a band-tailed pigeon hunting permit issued by the State.
(2) In Utah, each band-tailed pigeon hunter must have either a band-tailed pigeon hunting permit or a special bird permit stamp issued by the State.
Start Amendment Part

5. Section 20.104 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and common snipe.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Note:

States with deferred seasons will select those seasons at the same time they select waterfowl seasons in August. Consult late-season regulations for further information.

Sora and Virginia railsClapper and King railsWoodcockCommon snipe
Daily bag limit25 115 238.
Possession limit75 145 2924.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut3Sept. 3-Nov. 11Sept. 3-Nov. 11Oct. 23-Nov. 23 & Nov. 25-Dec. 7Oct. 23-Nov. 23 & Nov. 25-Dec. 7.
DelawareSept. 2-Nov. 9Sept. 2-Nov. 9Nov. 25-Dec. 7 & Dec. 14-Jan. 14Nov. 25-Dec. 7 & Dec. 14-Jan. 14.
FloridaSept. 1-Nov. 9Sept. 1-Nov. 9Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 1-Feb. 15.
GeorgiaSept. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 15-Dec. 5Sept. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 15-Dec. 5Dec. 7-Jan. 20Nov. 15-Feb. 28.
Maine4Sept. 2-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Sept. 2-Dec. 15.
Maryland5Sept. 2-Nov. 9Sept. 2-Nov. 9Oct. 31-Nov. 29 & Jan. 11-Jan. 25Sept. 25-Nov. 29 & Dec. 16-Jan. 25.
Massachusetts6Sept. 2-Nov. 9ClosedDeferredSept. 2-Dec. 16.
New HampshireClosedClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Sept. 15-Nov. 14.
New Jersey:7
North ZoneSept. 2-Nov. 10Sept. 2-Nov. 10Oct. 19-Nov. 23Sept. 17-Jan. 1.
South ZoneSept. 2-Nov. 10Sept. 2-Nov. 10Nov. 9-Nov. 30 & Dec. 19-Jan. 1Sept. 17-Jan. 1.
New York8Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
North CarolinaSept. 7-Sept. 28 & Oct. 5-Nov. 21Sept. 7-Sept. 28 & Oct. 5-Nov. 21Dec. 12-Jan. 25Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
Pennsylvania9Sept. 2-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 19-Nov. 30Oct. 19-Nov. 30.
Rhode Island10Sept. 1-Nov. 9Sept. 1-Nov. 9Oct. 19-Dec. 2Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
South CarolinaSept. 18-Sept. 22 & Oct. 5-Dec. 8Sept. 18-Sept. 22 & Oct. 5-Dec. 8Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
VermontClosedClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Oct. 1-Nov. 14.
VirginiaSept. 7-Sept. 28 & Sept. 30-Nov. 16Sept. 7-Sept. 28 & Sept. 30-Nov. 16Oct. 26-Nov. 1 & Dec. 5-Jan. 11Oct. 10-Oct. 14 & Oct. 22-Jan. 31.
West Virginia11Sept. 2-Nov. 2ClosedOct. 12-Nov. 25Sept. 2-Dec. 7.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 7-Sept. 22 & Nov. 28-Jan. 20Sept. 7-Sept. 22 & Nov. 28-Jan. 20Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
ArkansasSept. 7-Nov. 15ClosedNov. 2-Dec. 16Nov. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois12Sept. 7-Nov. 15ClosedOct. 19-Dec. 2Sept. 7-Dec. 22.
Indiana13Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 15-Nov. 28Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
Iowa14Sept. 7-Nov. 15ClosedOct. 5-Nov. 18Sept. 7-Nov. 30.
KentuckySept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedNov. 1-Dec. 15Sept. 18-Oct. 27 & Nov. 28-Feb. 2.
Start Printed Page 53207
Louisiana15Sept. 14-Sept. 29Sept. 14-Sept. 29Dec. 18-Jan. 31Deferred.
Michigan16Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedSept. 21-Nov. 4Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
MinnesotaSept. 1-Nov. 4ClosedSept. 21-Nov. 4Sept. 1-Nov. 4.
MississippiSept. 14-Nov. 22Sept. 14-Nov. 22Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
Missouri4Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 15-Nov. 28Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
OhioSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 12-Nov. 25Sept. 1-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Jan. 4.
TennesseeDeferredClosedOct. 26-Dec. 9Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
WisconsinDeferredClosedSept. 21-Nov. 4Deferred.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
KansasSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 12-Nov. 25Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
MontanaClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
NebraskaSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedSept. 21-Nov. 4Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
New Mexico17Sept. 14-Nov. 22ClosedClosedOct. 12-Jan. 26.
North DakotaClosedClosedSept. 21-Nov. 4Sept. 14-Dec. 1.
OklahomaSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedNov. 1-Dec. 15Oct. 1-Jan. 15.
South Dakota18ClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Oct. 31.
TexasSept. 14-Sept. 29 & Nov. 2-Dec. 25Sept. 14-Sept. 29 & Nov. 2-Dec. 25Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 2-Feb. 16.
Wyoming11Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ArizonaClosedClosedClosedDeferred.
CaliforniaClosedClosedClosedOct. 19-Jan. 26.
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Idaho:
Area 1ClosedClosedClosedDeferred.
Area 2ClosedClosedClosedDeferred
MontanaClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
NevadaClosedClosedClosedDeferred.
New Mexico17Sept. 14-Nov. 22ClosedClosedOct. 12-Jan. 26.
OregonClosedClosedClosedDeferred.
UtahClosedClosedClosedOct. 5-Jan. 18.
WashingtonClosedClosedClosedDeferred.
Wyoming (11)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
1 The bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of these species.
2 All bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. In Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 30 in possession.
3 In Connecticut, the daily bag and possession limits may not contain more than 1 king rail.
4 In Maine and Missouri, the daily bag and possession limit for sora and Virginia rails is 25.
5 In Maryland, no more than 1 king rail may be taken per day.
6 In Massachusetts, the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 5 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 10 in possession.
7 In New Jersey, the season for king rails is closed by State regulation.
8 In New York, the rail daily bag and possession limits are 8 and 24, respectively. Seasons for sora and Virginia rails and common snipe are closed on Long Island.
9 In Pennsylvania, the daily bag and possession limits for rails are 3 and 9, respectively.
10 In Rhode Island, the sora and Virginia rails limits are 3 daily and 6 in possession, singly or in the aggregate; the clapper and king rail limits are 1 daily and 2 in possession, singly or in the aggregate; the woodcock limit is 3 daily and 6 in possession; the common snipe limits are 5 daily and 10 in possession.
11 In West Virginia and Wyoming, the daily bag and possession limit for sora and Virginia rails is 25; the possession limit for snipe is 16.
12 In Illinois, shooting hours are from sunrise to sunset.
13 In Indiana, the sora rail limits are 12 daily and 36 in possession. The season on Virginia rails are closed.
14 In Iowa, the limits for sora and virginia rails are 12 daily and 24 in possession.
15 Additional days occurring after September 30 will be published with the late season selections.
16 In Michigan, the possession limit for woodstock is 6.
17 In New Mexico, the rail limits are 10 daily and 20 in possession.
18 In South Dakota, the snipe limits are 5 daily and 10 in possession.
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 20.105 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for waterfowl, coots, and gallinules.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Note:

States with deferred seasons may select those seasons at the same time they select waterfowl seasons in August. Consult late-seasons regulations for further information.

(a) Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules. Start Printed Page 53208

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
DelawareSept. 2-Nov. 91545
Florida1Sept. 1-Nov.91545
GeorgiaDeferred
New JerseySept. 2-Nov. 101030
New York
Long IslandClosed
Remainder of StateSept. 1-Nov. 9824
North CarolinaSept. 7-Sept. 28 &1545
Oct. 5-Nov. 211545
PennsylvaniaSept. 2-Nov. 939
South CarolinaSept. 18-Sept. 22 &1545
Oct. 5-Dec. 81545
VirginiaSept. 7-Sept. 28 &1545
Sept. 30-Nov. 161545
West VirginiaDeferred
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 7-Sept. 22 &1545
Nov. 28-Jan. 201545
ArkansasSept. 1-Nov. 91545
KentuckySept. 1-Nov. 91545
Louisiana2Sept. 14-Sept. 291545
MichiganSept. 1-Nov. 913
MinnesotaDeferred
MississippiSept. 14-Nov. 221545
OhioSept. 1-Nov. 91545
TennesseeDeferred
WisconsinDeferred
CENTRAL FLYWAY
New Mexico
Zone 1Sept. 28-Dec. 613
Zone 2Sept. 28-Dec. 613
OklahomaSept. 1-Nov. 91545
TexasSept. 14-Sept. 29 &1545
Nov. 2-Dec. 251545
PACIFIC FLYWAY
All StatesDeferred
1 The season applies to common moorhens only.
2 Additional days occurring after September 30 will be published with the late season selections.

(b) Sea Ducks (scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks in Atlantic Flyway). Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 7 scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks, singly or in the aggregate, of which no more than 4 may be scoters. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck bag limits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Connecticut1Sept. 21-Jan. 20515
DelawareSept. 24-Jan. 25721
GeorgiaDeferred
Maine2Oct. 1-Jan. 31721
MarylandDeferred
MassachusettsDeferred
New Hampshire3Oct. 1-Jan. 15721
New JerseySept. 24-Jan. 25721
New YorkOct. 17-Jan. 31721
North CarolinaDeferred
Rhode IslandOct. 5-Jan. 19510
South CarolinaDeferred
VirginiaDeferred
Note: Notwithstanding the provisions of this Part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted in Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia in those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas.
1 In Connecticut, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 long-tailed ducks.
2 In Maine, the daily bag limit for eiders is 4, and the possession limit is 12.
3 In New Hampshire, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 eiders or 4 long-tailed ducks.
Start Printed Page 53209

(c) Early (September) Duck Seasons.

Note:

Unless otherwise specified, the seasons listed below are for teal only.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware1Sept. 12-Sept. 30618
Florida2Sept. 21-Sept. 25412
GeorgiaSept. 14-Sept. 29618
Maryland1Sept. 16-Sept. 30618
North Carolina1Sept. 7-Sept. 25618
South Carolina3Sept. 14-Sept. 29618
Virginia1Sept. 16-Sept. 30618
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 7-Sept. 22618
Arkansas3Sept. 7-Sept. 22618
Illinois3Sept. 7-Sept. 22618
Indiana3Sept. 7-Sept. 22618
Iowa4
North ZoneSept. 21-Sept. 25
Missouri River ZoneSept. 21-Sept. 25
South ZoneSept. 21-Sept. 25
Kentucky2Sept. 18-Sept. 22412
LouisianaSept. 14-Sept. 29618
MississippiSept. 14-Sept. 29618
Missouri3Sept. 7-Sept. 22618
Ohio3Sept. 7-Sept. 22618
Tennessee2Sept. 14-Sept. 18412
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Colorado1Sept. 14-Sept. 22618
Kansas
Low PlainsSept. 7-Sept. 22618
High PlainsSept. 14-Sept. 22618
Nebraska1
Low PlainsSept. 7-Sept. 22618
High PlainsSept. 7-Sept. 15618
New MexicoSept. 14-Sept. 22618
OklahomaSept. 14-Sept. 29618
Texas
High PlainsSept. 14-Sept. 29618
Rest of StateSept. 14-Sept. 29618
1 Area restrictions. See State regulations.
2 In Florida, Kentucky, and Tennessee, the daily bag limit is 4 wood ducks and teal in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
3 Shooting hours are from sunrise to sunset.
4 In Iowa, the September season is part of the regular season, and limits will conform to those set for the regular season.
dSpecial Early Canada Goose Seasons.
Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut1
North ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 301545
South ZoneSept. 14-Sept. 301545
DelawareSept. 2-Sept. 251545
FloridaSept. 7-Sept. 25515
GeorgiaSept. 7-Sept. 29515
Maine
Northern ZoneSept. 2-Sept. 25618
Southern ZoneSept. 2-Sept. 25824
Coastal ZoneSept. 2-Sept. 25824
Maryland1 2
Eastern UnitSept. 2-Sept. 14824
Western UnitSept. 2-Sept. 25824
Massachusetts
Central ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 25721
Coastal ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 25721
Western ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 25721
New HampshireSept. 3-Sept. 25515
New Jersey1 2 3Sept. 2-Sept. 301545
New York4
Lake Champlain ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 25515
Start Printed Page 53210
Northeastern ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
Western ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
Southeastern ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
Western Long Island ZoneClosed
Central Long Island ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 301545
Eastern Long Island ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 301545
North Carolina5 6Sept. 2-Sept. 301545
Pennsylvania7
SJBP Zone 8Sept. 2-Sept. 2539
Rest of State 9Sept. 2-Sept. 25824
Rhode Island1Sept. 1-Sept. 301530
South Carolina
Early-Season Hunt UnitSept. 1-Sept. 301545
Vermont
Lake Champlain Zone 10Sept. 3-Sept. 25515
Interior Vermont ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 25515
Connecticut River Zone 11Sept. 3-Sept. 25515
Virginia12Sept. 2-Sept. 251030
West VirginiaSept. 2-Sept. 14515
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 1-Sept. 15515
Arkansas13Sept. 1-Sept. 1526
Illinois
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15515
Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15515
South Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 1526
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 1526
IndianaSept. 1-Sept. 15515
Iowa
South Goose Zone:
Des Moines Goose ZoneSept. 7-Sept. 15515
Cedar Rapids/Iowa City Goose ZoneSept. 7-Sept. 15515
Remainder of South ZoneClosed
North Goose Zone:
Cedar Falls/Waterloo ZoneSept. 7-Sept. 15515
Remainder of North ZoneClosed
Kentucky13Sept. 1-Sept. 1539
Michigan
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 10515
Middle ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15515
South Zone:
Huron, Saginaw, and Tuscola CountiesSept. 1-Sept. 10515
Rest of South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15515
Minnesota
Northwest ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 20515
Intensive Harvest ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 201030
Remainder of StateSept. 1-Sept. 20515
MississippiSept. 1-Sept. 15515
OhioSept. 1-Sept. 15515
TennesseeSept. 1-Sept. 15515
WisconsinSept. 1-Sept. 15515
CENTRAL FLYWAY
North Dakota
Missouri River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 71545
Remainder of StateSept. 1-Sept. 151545
OklahomaSept. 14-Sept. 23824
South Dakota13Sept. 1-Sept. 301545
Texas
East ZoneSept. 14-Sept. 2939
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ColoradoSept. 1-Sept. 9412
Oregon
Northwest ZoneSept. 7-Sept. 15515
Southwest Zone 14Sept. 7-Sept. 11515
East Zone 14Sept. 7-Sept. 11515
Washington
Mgmt. Area 2BSept. 1-Sept. 15510
Mgmt. Areas 1 & 3Sept. 10-Sept. 15510
Mgmt. Area 4 & 5Sept. 14-Sept. 1536
Mgmt. Area 2ASept. 10-Sept. 1536
Wyoming
Teton CountySept. 1-Sept. 836
Start Printed Page 53211
Rest of StateSept. 1-Sept. 824
1 Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
2 The use of shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells is allowed.
3 The use of electronic calls is allowed.
4 In New York, in all areas except the Northeastern Goose Hunting Area, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, the use of shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells is allowed, and the use of electronic calls is allowed. In the Northeastern Goose Hunting Area, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells are allowed, and electronic calls are allowed only from September 1 to September 20 and September 23 to September 25. On September 21 and September 22, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, shotguns must be capable of holding no more than 3 shotshells, and electronic calls are not allowed.
5 In North Carolina, the use of unplugged guns and electronic calls is allowed in that area west of U.S. Highway 17 only.
6 In North Carolina, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset in that area west of U.S. Highway 17 only.
7 In Pennsylvania, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 2 to September 13, September 15 to September 20, and September 22 to September 25. On September 14 and September 21, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset.
8 In Pennsylvania, in the area south of SR 198 from the Ohio State line to intersection of SR 18, SR 18 south to SR 618, SR 618 south to US Route 6, US Route 6 east to US Route 322/SR 18, US Route 322/SR 18 west to intersection of SR 3013, SR 3013 south to the Crawford/Mercer County line, not including the Pymatuning State Park Reservoir and an area to extend 100 yards inland from the shoreline of the reservoir, excluding the area east of SR 3011 (Hartstown Road), the daily bag limit is one goose with a possession limit of 3 geese. The season is closed on State Game Lands 214. However, during the youth waterfowl hunting days on September 14 and 21, regular season regulations apply.
9 In Pennsylvania, in the area of Lancaster and Lebanon Counties north of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, east of SR 501 to SR 419, south of SR 419 to the Lebanon-Berks County line, west of the Lebanon-Berks County line and the Lancaster-Berks County line to SR 1053, west of SR 1053 to the Pennsylvania Turnpike I-76, the daily bag limit is 1 goose with a possession limit of 3 geese. On State Game Lands No. 46 (Middle Creek Wildlife Mgmt Area), the season is closed. However, during the youth waterfowl hunting days on September 14 and 21, regular season regulations apply.
10 In Vermont, in Addison County north of Route 125, the daily bag and possession limit is 2 and 4, respectively.
11 In Vermont, the season in the Connecticut River Zone is the same as the New Hampshire Inland Zone season, set by New Hampshire.
12 In Virginia, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 2 to September 14, and one-half hour before sunrise to sunset from September 16 to September 25 in the area east of I-95 where the September teal season is open. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 1 to September 21, and one-half hour before sunrise to sunset from September 23 to September 25 in the area west of I-95.
13 See State regulations for additional information and restrictions.
14 In Oregon, the season is closed in the Southcoast Zone and the Klamath County Zone.

(e) Regular Goose Seasons.

Note:

Bag and possession limits will conform to those set for the regular season. Additional season dates occurring after September 30 will be published with the late season selections.

Season dates
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
MichiganDeferred.
Wisconsin
North ZoneSept. 16-Sept. 30.
South ZoneSept. 16-Sept. 30.
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 21-Sept. 30

(f) Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days.

The following seasons are open only to youth hunters. Youth hunters must be accompanied into the field by an adult at least 18 years of age. This adult cannot duck hunt but may participate in other open seasons.

Definitions

Youth Hunters: Includes youths 15 years of age or younger.

The Atlantic Flyway: Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway: Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway: Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all Counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway: Includes Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).

Note:

Bag and possession limits will conform to those set for the regular season unless there is a special season already open (e.g., September Canada goose season), in which case, that season's daily bag limit will prevail.

Start Printed Page 53212
Season dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
ConnecticutDeferred.
DelawareDucks, geese, brant, mergansers, and cootsOct. 5 & Feb. 8.
FloridaDeferred.
GeorgiaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 16 & 17.
MaineDucks, geese, mergansers, and coots
North ZoneSept. 14 & Dec. 7.
South ZoneSept. 21 & Oct. 26.
Coastal ZoneSept. 21 & Nov. 9.
Maryland1Deferred.
MassachusettsDeferred.
New HampshireDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 28 & 29.
New JerseyDeferred.
New York2Ducks, mergansers, coots, brant, and Canada geese
Long Island ZoneNov. 9 & 10.
Lake Champlain ZoneSept. 28 & 29.
Northeastern ZoneSept. 21 & 22.
Southeastern ZoneSept. 28 & 29.
Western ZoneOct. 12 & 13.
North CarolinaDeferred.
PennsylvaniaDucks, mergansers, Canada geese, coots, and moorhensSept. 14 & 21.
Rhode IslandDucks, mergansers and cootsOct. 19 & 20.
South CarolinaDeferred.
VermontDucks, geese, mergansers and cootsSept. 28 & 29.
VirginiaDeferred.
West Virginia3Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 21 & Nov. 9.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaDucks, mergansers, coots, geese, moorhens, and gallinulesFeb. 8 & 9.
ArkansasDeferred.
IllinoisDeferred.
IndianaDeferred.
IowaDeferred.
KentuckyDeferred.
LouisianaDeferred.
MichiganDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 14 & 15.
MinnesotaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 7.
MississippiDeferred.
MissouriDeferred.
OhioDeferred.
TennesseeDeferred.
WisconsinDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 14 & 15.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
ColoradoDucks, dark geese, mergansers, and coots
Mountain/Foothills ZoneSept. 28 & 29.
Northeast ZoneOct. 5 & 6.
Southeast ZoneOct. 19 & 20.
Kansas4Deferred.
MontanaDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 21 & 22.
Nebraska5Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsDeferred.
New MexicoDucks, mergansers, coots, and moorhens
North ZoneSept. 28 & 29.
South ZoneOct. 12 & 13.
North DakotaDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 14 & 15.
OklahomaDeferred.
South Dakota6Ducks, Canada geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 21 & 22.
TexasDeferred.
WyomingDucks, geese, mergansers, and coots
Zone 1Sept. 28 & 29.
Zone 2Sept. 14 & 15.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ArizonaDeferred.
CaliforniaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and brantDeferred.
ColoradoDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsOct. 12 & 13.
IdahoDucks, Canada geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 28 & 29.
MontanaDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 21 & 22.
NevadaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
Northeast ZoneSept. 14 & 15.
Rest of StateDeferred.
New MexicoDucks, mergansers, moorhens, and cootsOct. 5 & 6.
Oregon7Ducks, Canada geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 21 & 22.
UtahDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 28.
WashingtonDucks, Canada geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 21 & 22.
Start Printed Page 53213
WyomingDucks, dark geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 14 & 15.
1 In Maryland, the accompanying adult must be at least 21 years of age and possess a valid Maryland hunting license (or be exempt from the license requirement). This accompanying adult may not shoot or possess a firearm.
2 In New York, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 2.
3 In West Virginia, the accompanying adult must be at least 21 years of age.
4 In Kansas, the adult accompanying the youth must possess any licenses and/or stamps required by law for that individual to hunt waterfowl.
5 In Nebraska, see State regulations for additional information on the daily bag limit.
6 In South Dakota, the limit for Canada geese is 3, except in areas where the Special Early Canada goose season is open. In those areas, the limit is the same as for that special season.
7 In Oregon, the goose season is closed for the youth hunt in the Northwest Special Permit Goose Zone and the Northwest General Zone.
Start Amendment Part

7. Section 20.106 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for sandhill cranes.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376).

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Note:

States with deferred seasons may select those seasons at the same time they select waterfowl seasons in August. Consult late-season regulations for further information.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
KentuckyDeferred
Minnesota1
NW Goose ZoneSept. 14-Oct. 2026
Tennessee1Deferred
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Colorado1Oct. 5-Dec. 139
Kansas123Nov. 6-Jan. 239
Montana
Regular Season Area 1Sept. 28-Nov. 243*9
Special Season Area 4Sept. 7-Sept. 29*2*2
New Mexico
Regular Season Area 1Oct. 31-Jan. 3136
Middle Rio Grande ValleyOct. 26-Oct. 27 &*2*2
Area 45Nov. 9-Nov. 10 &*2*2
Nov. 16-Nov. 17 &*2*2
Nov. 30-Dec. 1 &*2*2
Jan. 11-Jan. 12*2*2
Southwest Area 4Oct. 26-Nov. 3 &*2*2
Jan. 4-Jan. 5*2*2
Estancia Valley 4Oct. 26-Nov. 3*2*2
North Dakota1
Area 1Sept. 14-Nov. 1039
Area 2Sept. 14-Nov. 1026
Oklahoma1Deferred
South Dakota1Sept. 28-Nov. 2436
Texas1Deferred
Wyoming
Regular Season (Area 7) 1Sept. 14-Nov. 1036
Riverton-Boysen Unit (Area 4) 4Sept. 14-Oct. 6*1*1
Big Horn, Hot Springs, Park, and Washakie Counties (Area 6) 4Sept. 14-Oct. 6*1*1
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona4
Special Season AreaNov. 8-Nov. 10 &*2*2
Nov. 15-Nov. 17 &*2*2
Nov. 19-Nov. 21 &*2*2
Nov. 23-Nov. 25 &*2*2
Nov. 27-Nov. 29 &*22
Dec. 6-Dec. 8*2*2
Lower CO River Hunt AreaClosed
Start Printed Page 53214
Idaho4
Areas 1-6Sept. 1-Sept. 15*2*4
Montana
Special Season Area 4Sept. 7-Sept. 29*2*2
Utah4
Rich CountySept. 7-Sept. 15*1*1
Cache CountySept. 7-Sept. 15*1*1
Eastern Box Elder CountySept. 7-Sept. 15*1*1
Uintah CountySept. 21-Oct. 20*1*1
Wyoming4
Bear River Area (Area 1)Sept. 1-Sept. 8*1*1
Salt River Area (Area 2)Sept. 1-Sept. 8*1*1
Eden-Farson Area (Area 3)Sept. 1-Sept. 8*1*1
Uinta County (Area 5)Sept. 1-Sept. 8*1*1
1 Each person participating in the regular sandhill crane seasons must have a valid sandhill crane hunting permit and/or a State-issued Harvest Information Survey Program (HIP) certification for game bird hunting in their possession while hunting.
2 In Kansas, shooting hours are from sunrise until sunset.
3 In Kansas, each person desiring to hunt sandhill cranes is required to pass an annual, online sandhill crane identification examination.
4 Hunting is by State permit only. See State regulations for further information.
5 In New Mexico, in the Middle Rio Grande Valley Area, the season is only open for youth hunters on November 9. See State regulations for further details.
* Per season.
Start Amendment Part

8. Section 20.109 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Extended seasons, limits, and hours for taking migratory game birds by falconry.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the July 26, 2013, Federal Register (78 FR 45376). For those extended seasons for ducks, mergansers, and coots, area descriptions were published in an August 22, 2013 Federal Register and will be published again in a late-September 2013, Federal Register.

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Daily bag limit—3 migratory birds, singly or in the aggregate.

Possession limit—9 migratory birds, singly or in the aggregate.

These limits apply to falconry during both regular hunting seasons and extended falconry seasons—unless further restricted by State regulations. The falconry bag and possession limits are not in addition to regular season limits. Unless otherwise specified, extended falconry for ducks does not include sea ducks within the special sea duck areas. Only extended falconry seasons are shown below. Many States permit falconry during the gun seasons. Please consult State regulations for details.

For ducks, mergansers, coots, geese, and some moorhen seasons; additional season days occurring after September 30 will be published with the late-season selections. Some States have deferred selections. Consult late-season regulations for further information.

Extended falconry dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware
DovesSept. 30-Oct. 19 & Jan. 13-Jan. 29.
RailsNov. 11-Dec. 18.
Woodcock and snipeSept. 30-Oct. 5 & Jan. 15-Mar. 10.
Florida
DovesOct. 29-Nov. 15 & Dec. 2-Dec. 13 & Jan. 13-Jan. 19.
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
WoodcockNov. 24-Dec. 17 & Feb. 1-Mar. 10.
Common moorhensNov. 10-Dec. 14.
Georgia
Moorhens, gallinules, and sea ducksDec. 2-Dec. 6 & Jan. 27-Jan. 29.
Maryland
DovesOct. 6-Oct. 31 & Jan. 2-Jan. 12.
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 17.
WoodcockOct. 1-Oct. 30 & Feb. 7-Mar. 10.
North Carolina
DovesOct. 12-Nov. 16.
Rails, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 23-Dec. 28.
WoodcockNov. 4-Dec. 7 & Feb. 1-Feb. 28.
Pennsylvania
DovesSept. 30-Oct. 25 & Dec. 2-Dec. 12.
RailsNov. 11-Dec. 18.
Woodcock and snipeSept. 2-Oct. 18 & Dec. 2-Dec. 18.
Moorhens and gallinulesNov. 11-Dec. 18.
Start Printed Page 53215
Virginia
DovesOct. 15-Oct. 18 & Dec. 18-Dec. 30 & Jan. 12-Jan. 31.
WoodcockOct. 17-Oct. 25 & Nov. 2-Dec. 4 & Jan. 12-Jan. 31.
Rails, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 29 & Nov. 17-Dec. 22.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Illinois
DovesOct. 28-Nov. 1 & Nov. 15-Dec. 16.
RailsSept. 1-Sept. 6 & Nov. 16-Dec. 16.
WoodcockSept. 1-Oct. 18 & Dec. 3-Dec. 16.
Indiana
DovesOct. 23-Nov. 7 & Jan. 1-Jan. 21.
WoodcockSept. 20-Oct. 14 & Nov. 29-Jan. 4.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
North Zone 1Sept. 27-Sept. 30.
Louisiana
DovesSept. 16-Oct. 2.
WoodcockOct. 28-Dec. 17 & Feb. 1-Feb. 11.
Minnesota
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 20 & Nov. 5-Dec. 16.
Rails and snipeNov. 5-Dec. 16.
DovesNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Missouri
DovesNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 7-Sept. 22.
Ohio
Ducks, coots, and geeseSept. 1-Sept. 22.
Tennessee
DovesSept. 27-Oct. 11 & Oct. 28-Nov. 14.
Ducks 1Sept. 15-Oct. 20.
Wisconsin
Rails, snipe, moorhens, and gallinules 1Sept. 1-Sept. 20.
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 20.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 14-Sept. 15.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Montana2
Ducks, mergansers, and coots 1Sept. 18-Sept. 27.
Nebraska
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
Zone 1Sept. 7-Sept. 22.
Zone 2:
Low PlainsSept. 7-Sept. 22.
High PlainsSept. 7-Sept. 15.
Zone 3Sept. 7-Sept. 15.
Zone 4Sept. 7-Sept. 22
New Mexico
Doves
North ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 12 & Nov. 28-Dec. 31.
South ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 12 & Nov. 28-Nov. 30.
Band-tailed pigeons
North ZoneSept. 21-Dec. 16.
South ZoneOct. 21-Jan. 15.
Ducks and cootsSept. 14-Sept. 22.
Sandhill cranes
Regular Season AreaOct. 17-Oct. 30.
Estancia Valley Area 3Nov. 4-Dec. 24.
Common moorhensDec. 8-Jan. 13.
Sora and Virginia railsNov. 24-Dec. 30.
North Dakota
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and snipeSept. 2-Sept. 6 & Sept. 9-Sept. 13.
South Dakota
Ducks, mergansers, and coots 1
High PlainsSept. 1-Sept. 8
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 18-Sept. 22.
Middle ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 16-Sept. 20.
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 18-Sept. 22.
Texas
DovesNov. 9-Dec. 15.
Rails, gallinules, and woodcockJan. 27-Feb. 10.
Wyoming
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
Start Printed Page 53216
Zone 1Oct. 23-Oct. 30.
Zone 2 & 3Sept. 16-Sept. 20 & Dec. 2-Dec. 4.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona
DovesSept. 16-Nov. 1.
New Mexico
Doves
North ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 12 & Nov. 28-Dec. 31.
South ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 12 & Nov. 28-Nov. 30.
Band-tailed pigeons
North ZoneSept. 21-Dec. 16.
South ZoneOct. 21-Jan. 15.
Oregon
DovesOct. 1-Dec. 16.
Band-tailed pigeons 4Sept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 24-Dec. 16.
Utah
Doves and band-tailed pigeonsOct. 1-Dec. 16.
Washington
DovesOct. 1-Dec. 16.
Wyoming
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots 1Sept. 14-Sept. 15.
1 Additional days occurring after September 30 will be published with the late-season selections.
2 In Montana, the bag limit is 2 and the possession limit is 6.
3 In New Mexico, the bag limit for sandhill cranes in the Estancia Valley Area is 2 per day and the possession limit is 2 per season.
4 In Oregon, no more than 1 pigeon daily in bag or possession.
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2013-20984 Filed 8-27-13; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-55-P