Skip to Content

Rule

Determination of Rates and Terms for Business Establishment Services

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from Regulations.gov provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Copyright Royalty Board, Library of Congress.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Copyright Royalty Judges are publishing final regulations setting the rates and terms for the making of an ephemeral recording of a sound recording by a business establishment service for the period January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2018.

DATES:

Effective date: January 1, 2014.

Start Further Info Start Printed Page 66277

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Richard Strasser, Senior Attorney, or Gina Giuffreda, Attorney Advisor. Telephone: (202) 707-8658. Email: crb@loc.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In 1995, Congress enacted the Digital Performance in Sound Recordings Act, Public Law 104-39, which created an exclusive right for copyright owners of sound recordings, subject to certain limitations, to perform publicly sound recordings by means of certain digital audio transmissions. Among the limitations on the performance right was the creation of a statutory license for nonexempt, noninteractive digital subscription transmissions. 17 U.S.C. 114(d).

Congress expanded the scope of the section 114 statutory license in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (DMCA), Public Law 105-34. The DMCA authorizes the public performance of a sound recording when the sound recording is made by a preexisting satellite digital audio radio service or as part of an eligible nonsubscription transmission in accordance with the terms and rates of the statutory license. See 17 U.S.C. 114(d). The DMCA also created a statutory license for the making of an “ephemeral recording” of a sound recording by certain transmitting organizations. 17 U.S.C. 112(e). This license allows entities that transmit performances of sound recordings to business establishments, pursuant to the limitations set forth in section 114(d)(1)(C)(iv), to make an ephemeral recording to facilitate transmission of a public performance of a sound recording. Id. The license also provides a means by which a transmitting entity with a statutory license under section 114(f) can make more than one phonorecord permitted under the exemption set forth in section 112(a). Id.

The Copyright Act requires the Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) to conduct proceedings every five years to determine the rates and terms for “the activities described in section 112(e)(1) relating to the limitation on exclusive rights specified by section 114(d)(1)(C)(iv).” 17 U.S.C. 801(b)(1), 804(b)(2).[1] Thus, the Judges, in accordance with 17 U.S.C. 804(b)(2), published a notice in the Federal Register commencing the current proceeding to set rates and terms for the section 112(e) license and requesting interested parties to submit their petitions to participate. 77 FR 133 (Jan. 3, 2012). In response to the notice, the Judges received petitions to participate from: Pandora Media, Inc.; Music Choice; DMX, Inc.; Muzak, LLC; Music Reports, Inc.; Clear Channel Broadcasting, Inc.; SoundExchange, Inc.; and Sirius XM Radio, Inc. The Judges set the timetable for the three-month negotiation period, see 17 U.S.C. 803(b)(3), as well as a deadline of November 16, 2012, for the participants' submission of written direct statements. Subsequently, the Judges granted the participants' request to extend the deadline to November 29, 2012, in order to allow the participants to finalize a settlement agreement. See Order Granting Joint Motion for Extension of Time for Filing Written Direct Statements, Docket No. 2012-1 CRB Business Establishments II (Nov. 14, 2012). On November 29, 2012, the Judges received a Motion to Adopt Settlement stating that all participants had reached a settlement obviating the need for a hearing.

Section 801(b)(7)(A) of the Copyright Act authorizes the Judges to adopt rates and terms negotiated by “some or all of the participants in a proceeding at any time during the proceeding” provided they are submitted to the Judges for approval. This section provides in part that the Judges must provide to both non-participants and participants to the rate proceeding who “would be bound by the terms, rates, or other determination set by any agreement * * * an opportunity to comment on the agreement.” 17 U.S.C. 801(b)(7)(A)(i). Participants to the proceeding may also “object to [the agreement's] adoption as a basis for statutory terms and rates.” Id.

The Judges “may decline to adopt the agreement as a basis for statutory terms and rates for participants that are not parties to the agreement,” only “if any participant [to the proceeding] objects to the agreement and the [Judges] conclude, based on the record before them if one exists, that the agreement does not provide a reasonable basis for setting statutory terms or rates.” 17 U.S.C. 801(b)(7)(A)(ii). Accordingly, on July 19, 2013, the Judges published a notice requesting comment on the proposed rates and terms. 78 FR 43094. The Judges received no comments or objections in response to the July 19 notice.

Having received no comments or objections to the proposal, the Judges, by this notice, are adopting as final regulations the rates and terms for the making of an ephemeral recording by a business establishment service for the period January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2018.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 37 CFR Part 384

End List of Subjects

Final Regulations

For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Copyright Royalty Judges amend Part 384 of Chapter III of title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:

Start Part

PART 384—RATES AND TERMS FOR THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL RECORDINGS BY BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 384 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 17 U.S.C. 112(e), 801(b)(1).

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. Section 384.1 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. In paragraph (a), by removing “§ 384.2(a)” and adding “§ 384.2” in its place, and by removing “2009-2013” and adding “January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2018” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. In paragraph (b), by removing “licenses set forth in

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. In paragraph (c), by removing “services” and adding “Licensees” in its place.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

3. Section 384.2 is amended by revising the definition for “

End Amendment Part
Definitions.
* * * * *

Copyright Owners are sound recording copyright owners who are entitled to royalty payments made under this part pursuant to the statutory license under 17 U.S.C. 112(e).

* * * * *
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

4. Section 384.3 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. In paragraph (a), by removing “service pursuant to the limitation on exclusive rights specified by

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. In paragraph (b), by removing “$10,000 for each calendar year” and adding “$10,000 for each calendar year of the License Period” in its place.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

5. Section 384.4 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. By revising the paragraph heading for paragraph (a);

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. In paragraph (b)(2)(i), by removing “condition precedent in paragraph (b)(2) of this section” and adding “condition precedent in this paragraph (b)(2)” in its place, and by removing “authorized such Collective” and adding “authorized the Collective” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. By revising paragraphs (c) through (e);

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

d. By revising introductory text of paragraph (f);

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

e. In paragraph (f)(2), by removing “facsimile number” and adding “facsimile number (if any)” in its place, and by removing “individual or individuals” and adding “person” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

f. In paragraph (f)(3), by removing “handwritten”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

g. In paragraph (f)(3)(i), by removing “a corporation” and adding “corporation” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

h. In paragraph (f)(6), by removing “a corporation” and adding “corporation” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

i. In paragraph (f)(8), by removing “if the Licensee is a corporation or partnership,”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

j. By revising paragraphs (g) and (h); and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

k. By removing paragraph (i).

End Amendment Part

The revisions read as follows:

Terms for making payment of royalty fees and statements of account.

(a) Payment to the Collective. * * *

* * * * *

(c) Monthly payments. A Licensee shall make any payments due under § 384.3(a) on a monthly basis on or before the 45th day after the end of each month for that month. All monthly payments shall be rounded to the nearest cent.

(d) Minimum payments. A Licensee shall make any minimum payment due under § 384.3(b) by January 31 of the applicable calendar year, except that payment by a Licensee that has not previously made Ephemeral Recordings pursuant to the license under 17 U.S.C. 112(e) shall be due by the 45th day after the end of the month in which the Licensee commences to do so.

(e) Late payments. A Licensee shall pay a late fee of 1.0% per month, or the highest lawful rate, whichever is lower, if either or both a required payment or statement of account for a required payment is received by the Collective after the due date. Late fees shall accrue from the due date until both the payment and statement of account are received by the Collective.

(f) Statements of account. For any part of the License Period during which a Licensee operates a Business Establishment Service, at the time when a minimum payment is due under paragraph (d) of this section, and by 45 days after the end of each month during the period, the Licensee shall deliver to the Collective a statement of account containing the information set forth set forth in this paragraph (f) on a form prepared, and made available to Licensees, by the Collective. In the case of a minimum payment, or if a payment is owed for such month, the statement of account shall accompany the payment. A statement of account shall contain only the following information:

* * * * *

(g) Distribution of royalties. (1) The Collective shall promptly distribute royalties received from Licensees directly to Copyright Owners, or their designated agents, that are entitled to such royalties. The Collective shall only be responsible for making distributions to those Copyright Owners or their designated agents who provide the Collective with such information as is necessary to identify the correct recipient. The Collective shall distribute royalties on a basis that values all Ephemeral Recordings by a Licensee equally based upon the information provided under the reports of use requirements for Licensees contained in § 370.4 of this chapter.

(2) If the Collective is unable to locate a Copyright Owner entitled to a distribution of royalties under paragraph (g)(1) of this section within 3 years from the date of payment by a Licensee, such royalties shall be handled in accordance with § 384.8.

(h) Retention of records. Books and records of a Licensee and of the Collective relating to payments of and distributions of royalties shall be kept for a period of not less than the prior 3 calendar years.

[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 384.5 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. In paragraph (a), by removing “part” and adding “section” in its place, and by removing “account, any information” and adding “account and any information” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. In paragraph (b), by removing “The Collective shall have” and adding “The party claiming the benefit of this provision shall have” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. In paragraph (c), by removing “activities directly related thereto” and adding “activities related directly thereto” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

d. In paragraph (d)(1), by removing “work, require access to the records” and adding “work require access to Confidential Information” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

e. In paragraph (d)(2), by removing “Collective committees” and adding “the Collective committees” in its place, and by removing “confidential information” and adding “Confidential Information” in its place each place it appears;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

f. In paragraph (d)(3), by removing “respect to the verification of a Licensee's royalty payments” and adding “respect to verification of a Licensee's statement of account” in its place;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

g. In paragraph (d)(4), by removing “Copyright owners whose works” and adding “Copyright Owners, including their designated agents, whose works” in its place, by removing “, or agents thereof”, and by removing “confidential information” and adding “Confidential Information” in its place; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

h. In paragraph (e), by removing “to safeguard all Confidential Information” and adding “to safeguard against unauthorized access to or dissemination of any Confidential Information” in its place, and by removing “belonging to such Collective” and adding “belonging to the Collective” in its place.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

7. Section 384.6 is amended by revising paragraph (d) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Verification of royalty payments.
* * * * *

(d) Acquisition and retention of report. The Licensee shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain or to provide access to any relevant books and records maintained by third parties for the purpose of the audit. The Collective shall retain the report of the verification for a period of not less than 3 years.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

8. Section 384.7 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. In paragraph (a), by removing “Provided” and adding “provided” in its place; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. By revising paragraph (d).

End Amendment Part

The revision reads as follows:

Verification of royalty distributions.
* * * * *

(d) Acquisition and retention of record. The Collective shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain or to provide access to any relevant books and records maintained by third parties for the purpose of the audit. The Copyright Owner requesting the verification procedure shall retain the report of the verification for a period of not less than 3 years.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

9. Section 384.8 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Start Printed Page 66279
Unclaimed funds.

If the Collective is unable to identify or locate a Copyright Owner who is entitled to receive a royalty distribution under this part, the Collective shall retain the required payment in a segregated trust account for a period of 3 years from the date of distribution. No claim to such distribution shall be valid after the expiration of the 3-year period. After expiration of this period, the Collective may apply the unclaimed funds to offset any costs deductible under 17 U.S.C. 114(g)(3). The foregoing shall apply notwithstanding the common law or statutes of any State.

Start Signature

Dated: September 18, 2013.

Suzanne M. Barnett,

Chief Copyright Royalty Judge.

Approved by:

James H. Billington,

Librarian of Congress.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  The Judges commenced a proceeding in 2007, as directed by section 804(b)(2) of the Copyright Act, and published final regulations in the Federal Register on March 27, 2008. 73 FR 16199. Therefore, commencement of the next proceeding—the current proceeding—was to occur in January 2012. 17 U.S.C. 804(b)(2).

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 2013-26382 Filed 11-4-13; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 1410-72-P