The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”),
established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) to oversee the audits of companies that are subject to the securities laws, and related matters, in order to protect the interests of investors and further the public interest in the preparation of informative, accurate and independent audit reports. The PCAOB is to accomplish these goals through registration of public accounting firms and standard setting, inspection, and disciplinary programs. The PCAOB is subject to the comprehensive oversight of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”).
Section 109 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act provides that the PCAOB shall establish a reasonable annual accounting support fee, as may be necessary or appropriate to establish and maintain the PCAOB. Under Section 109(f) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the aggregate annual accounting support fee shall not exceed the PCAOB's aggregate “recoverable budget expenses,” which may include operating, capital and accrued items. The PCAOB's annual budget and accounting support fee is subject to approval by the Commission.
Section 982 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) 
amended the Sarbanes-Oxley Act to provide the PCAOB with explicit authority to oversee auditors of broker-dealers registered with the Commission. In addition, the PCAOB must allocate the annual accounting support fee among issuers and among brokers and dealers.
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Section 109(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act directs the PCAOB to establish a budget for each fiscal year in accordance with the PCAOB's internal procedures, subject to approval by the Commission. Rule 190 of Regulation P facilitates the Commission's review and approval of PCAOB budgets and annual accounting support fees.
This budget rule provides, among other things, a timetable for the preparation and submission of the PCAOB budget and for Commission actions related to each budget, a description of the information that should be included in each budget submission, limits on the PCAOB's ability to incur expenses and obligations except as provided in the approved budget, procedures relating to supplemental budget requests, requirements for the PCAOB to furnish on a quarterly basis certain budget-related information, and a list of definitions that apply to the rule and to general discussions of PCAOB budget matters.
In accordance with the budget rule, in March 2013 the PCAOB provided the Commission with a narrative description of its program issues and outlook for the 2014 budget year. In response, the Commission provided the PCAOB with economic assumptions and budgetary guidance for the 2014 budget year. The PCAOB subsequently delivered a preliminary budget and budget justification to the Commission. Staff from the Commission's Offices of the Chief Accountant and Financial Management dedicated a substantial amount of time to the review and analysis of the PCAOB's programs, projects and budget estimates; reviewed the PCAOB's estimates of 2013 actual spending; and attended several meetings with management and staff of the PCAOB to further develop an understanding of the PCAOB's budget and operations. During the course of this review, Commission staff relied upon representations and supporting documentation from the PCAOB. Based on this review, the Commission issued a “pass back” letter to the PCAOB. On November 25, 2013, the PCAOB approved its 2014 budget during an open meeting, and subsequently submitted that budget to the Commission for approval.
After considering the above, the Commission did not identify any proposed disbursements in the 2014 budget adopted by the PCAOB that are not properly recoverable through the annual accounting support fee, and the Commission believes that the aggregate proposed 2014 annual accounting support fee does not exceed the PCAOB's aggregate recoverable budget expenses for 2014. The Commission also acknowledges the PCAOB's updated strategic plan and is supportive of the Board's continued work on its six new near-term priority projects. The Commission encourages the PCAOB to continue keeping the Commission and its staff apprised of developments throughout the implementation of these near-term projects and looks forward to providing views to the PCAOB as future updates are made to the plan.
The Commission understands that in recent years the PCAOB has taken significant and productive steps to improve its information technology (“IT”) program. These steps include IT staffing changes, implementing stronger IT governance structures, and strengthening Board oversight over its IT program. Based upon updates provided by the PCAOB, the Commission also understands that these efforts are ongoing; and directs the Board to continue to provide in its quarterly reports to the Commission detailed information about the state of the PCAOB's IT program, including planned, estimated, and actual costs for IT projects, and the level of involvement of consultants. These reports also should continue to include: (a) a discussion of the Board's assessment of the progress and implementation of the Board actions mentioned above; and (b) the quarterly IT report that will be prepared by PCAOB staff and submitted to the Board.
The Commission also directs the PCAOB during the 2014 budget cycle to continue to include in its quarterly reports to the Commission information about the PCAOB's inspections program. Such information is to include: (a) statistics relative to the numbers and types of firms budgeted and expected to be inspected in 2014, including by location and by year the inspections that are required to be conducted in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and PCAOB rules; (b) information about the timing of the issuance of inspections reports for domestic and non-U.S. inspections; and (c) updates on the PCAOB's efforts to establish cooperative arrangements with respective non-U.S. authorities for inspections required in those countries.
The Commission understands that the Office of Management and Budget (“OMB”) has determined the 2014 budget of the PCAOB to be sequestrable under the Budget Control Act of 2011.
Unless legislation occurs that avoids sequestration, the PCAOB's 2014 spending level would be reduced. In the event that sequestration is not avoided, we expect the PCAOB to work with the Commission and Commission staff, as appropriate, regarding the impact of sequestration on the PCAOB's 2014 spending.
The Commission has determined that the PCAOB's 2014 budget and annual accounting support fee are consistent with Section 109 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Accordingly,
It is ordered, pursuant to Section 109 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, that the PCAOB budget and annual accounting support fee for calendar year 2014 are approved.
By the Commission.
Elizabeth M. Murphy,
[FR Doc. 2014-02899 Filed 2-10-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P