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Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This action announces the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) approval of alternative testing methods for use in measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) authorizes EPA to approve the use of alternative testing methods through publication in the Federal Register. EPA is using this streamlined authority to make 21 additional methods available for analyzing drinking water samples. This expedited approach provides public water systems, laboratories, and primacy agencies with more timely access to new measurement techniques and greater flexibility in the selection of analytical methods, thereby reducing monitoring costs while maintaining public health protection.

DATES:

This action is effective June 19, 2014.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800) 426-4791 or Glynda Smith, Technical Support Center, Standards and Risk Management Division, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (MS 140), Environmental Protection Agency, 26 West Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268; telephone number: (513) 569-7652; email address: smith.glynda@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

Public water systems are the regulated entities required to measure contaminants in drinking water samples. In addition, EPA Regions as well as States and Tribal governments with authority to administer the regulatory program for public water systems under SDWA may measure contaminants in water samples. When EPA sets a monitoring requirement in its national primary drinking water regulations for a given contaminant, the agency also establishes in the regulations standardized test procedures for analysis of the contaminant. This action makes alternative testing methods available for particular drinking water contaminants beyond the testing methods currently established in the regulations. EPA is providing public water systems required to test water samples with a choice of using either a test procedure already established in the existing regulations or an alternative test procedure that has been approved in this action or in prior expedited approval actions. Categories and entities that may ultimately be affected by this action include:Start Printed Page 35082

CategoryExamples of potentially regulated entitiesNAICS 1
State, Local, & Tribal GovernmentsStates, local and Tribal governments that analyze water samples on behalf of public water systems required to conduct such analysis; States, local and Tribal governments that themselves operate community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor924110
IndustryPrivate operators of community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor221310
MunicipalitiesMunicipal operators of community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor924110
1 North American Industry Classification System.

This table is not exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. This table lists the types of entities that EPA is now aware could potentially be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in the table could also be impacted. To determine whether your facility is affected by this action, you should carefully examine the applicability language in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 40 CFR 141.2 (definition of public water system). If you have questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed in the preceding FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

B. How can I get copies of this document and other related information?

Docket. EPA established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2014-0408. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Water Docket in the EPA Docket Center, (EPA/DC) William Jefferson Clinton West Building, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC. Copyrighted materials are available only in hard copy. The EPA DC Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the Water Docket is (202) 566-2426.

Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in This Action

APHA: American Public Health Association

ATP: Alternate Test Procedure

CFR: Code of Federal Regulations

DPD: N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine

EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency

GWR: Ground Water Rule

NAICS: North American Industry Classification System

NEMI: National Environmental Methods Index

PRFC: Planar Reagent-Filled Cuvette(s)

QC: Quality Control

RTCR: Revisions to the Total Coliform Rule

SDWA: The Safe Drinking Water Act

TCR: Total Coliform Rule

VCSB: Voluntary Consensus Standard Bodies

II. Background

A. What is the purpose of this action?

In this action, EPA is approving 21 analytical methods for determining contaminant concentrations in samples collected under SDWA. Regulated parties required to sample and monitor may use either the testing methods already established in existing regulations or the alternative testing methods being approved in this action or in prior expedited approval actions. The new methods are listed along with other methods similarly approved through previous expedited actions in 40 CFR Part 141 Appendix A to Subpart C and on EPA's drinking water methods Web site at http://water.epa.gov/​scitech/​drinkingwater/​labcert/​analyticalmethods_​expedited.cfm.

B. What is the basis for this action?

When EPA determines that an alternative analytical method is “equally effective” (i.e., as effective as a method that has already been promulgated in the regulations), SDWA allows EPA to approve the use of the alternative method through publication in the Federal Register. (See Section 1401(1) of SDWA.) EPA is using this streamlined approval authority to make 21 additional methods available for determining contaminant concentrations in samples collected under SDWA. EPA has determined that, for each contaminant or group of contaminants listed in Section III, the additional testing methods being approved in this action are as effective as one or more of the testing methods already approved in the regulations for those contaminants. Section 1401(1) of SDWA states that the newly approved methods “shall be treated as an alternative for public water systems to the quality control and testing procedures listed in the regulation.” Accordingly, this action makes these additional 21 analytical methods legally available as options for meeting EPA's monitoring requirements.

This action does not add regulatory language, but does, for informational purposes, update an appendix to the regulations at 40 CFR Part 141 that lists all methods approved under Section 1401(1) of SDWA. Accordingly, while this action is not a rule, it is updating CFR text and therefore is being published in the “Final Rules” section of the Federal Register.

III. Summary of Approvals

EPA is approving 21 methods that are equally effective relative to methods previously promulgated in the regulations. By means of this rule, these 21 methods are added to Appendix A to Subpart C of 40 CFR Part 141.

A. Methods Developed by Voluntary Consensus Standard Bodies (VCSB)

1. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (Standard Methods). EPA compared the most recent online versions of 14 Standard Methods to earlier versions of those methods that are currently approved in 40 CFR parts 141 and 143. Changes between the approved version and the most recent version of each method are summarized in Smith and Wendelken (2013a). The revisions primarily involve editorial changes (e.g., corrections of errors, procedural clarifications, and reorganization of text). The updated online versions listed in the following table are the same as the earlier approved versions with respect to the chemistry and microbiology, sample handling protocols, and method performance data. For all of these reasons, EPA has concluded that the updated online versions are equally effective relative to those that are currently approved in the regulations. Therefore, EPA is approving the use of the 14 updated Standard Methods for the contaminants and their respective regulations listed in the following table:Start Printed Page 35083

Standard method revised versionApproved methodContaminantRegulation
2550-10, online version (APHA 2010a)2550-00, online version (APHA 2000a)Temperature40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
3113 B-10, online version (APHA 2010b)3113 B-99, online version (APHA 1999)Antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel, selenium, aluminum, iron, manganese, silver40 CFR 141.23(k)(1); 40 CFR 143.4(b).
5910 B-11, online version (APHA 2011)5910 B-00, online version (APHA 2000b)UV Absorption at 254 nm40 CFR 141.131(d).
6251 B-07, online version (APHA 2007)6251 B-94, online version (APHA 1994)HAA540 CFR 141.131(b)(1).
6640 B-06, online version (APHA 2006a)EPA Method 515.4, Rev. 1.0 (USEPA 2000)2,4-D; 2,4,5-TP; Dalapon; Dinoseb; Pentachlorophenol; Picloram40 CFR 141.24(e)(1).
6651 B-05, online version (APHA 2005a)6651 B, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Glyphosate40 CFR 141.24(e)(1).
9221 A-06, online version (APHA 2006b)9221 A, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Total Coliforms40 CFR 141.21(f)(3); 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).
9221 B-06, online version (APHA 2006c)9221 B, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Total Coliforms40 CFR 141.21(f)(3); 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).
9221 B.1, B.2-06, online version (APHA 2006c)9221 B.1, B.2, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Total Coliforms40 CFR 141.852(a)(5).
9221 C-06, online version (APHA 2006d)9221 C, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Total Coliforms40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).
9221 E-06, online version (APHA 2006e)9221 E, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Fecal Coliforms40 CFR 141.21(f)(5); 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).
9221 F-06, online version (APHA 2006f)9221 F, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)E. coli40 CFR 141.402(c)(2).
9221 F.1-06, online version (APHA 2006f)9221 F.1, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)E. coli40 CFR 141.852(a)(5).
9222 D-06, online version (APHA 2006g)9222 D, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Fecal Coliforms40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).
9223 B-04, online version (APHA 2004a)9223, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Total Coliforms40 CFR 141.21(f)(3); 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1); 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5).
9223 B-04, online version (APHA 2004a)9223 B, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)E. coli40 CFR 141.21(f)(6); 40 CFR 141.402(c)(2); 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5).
9215 B-04, online version (APHA 2004b)9215 B, 20th Edition (APHA 1998)Heterotrophic Bacteria40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).

The online versions of Standard Methods are available at http://www.standardmethods.org.

2. ASTM International. EPA compared the most recent versions of three ASTM International methods (ASTM Methods D512-12 B, D3223-12, and D4327-11) to the earlier versions of those methods that are currently approved in 40 CFR 141 and 143. Changes between the earlier approved version and the most recent version of each method are summarized in Smith (2013). The revisions primarily involve editorial changes (e.g., updated references, definitions, terminology, procedural clarifications, and reorganization of text). The revised methods are the same as the approved versions with respect to sample collection and handling protocols, sample preparation, analytical methodology, and method performance data; thus, EPA finds they are equally effective relative to the approved methods.

EPA is thus approving the use of the following ASTM methods for the contaminants and their respective regulations listed in the following table:

ASTM Revised versionApproved methodContaminantRegulation
D512-12 B (ASTM 2012a)D512-89 B (reapproved 1999) (ASTM 1989)Chloride40 CFR 143.4(b).
D3223-12 (ASTM 2012b)D3223-02 (ASTM 2002)Mercury40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D4327-11 (ASTM 2011)D4327-03 (ASTM 2003)Fluoride, nitrate, nitrite, orthophosphate, chloride, sulfate40 CFR 141.23(k)(1); 40 CFR 143.4(b).

The ASTM methods are available from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 or http://www.astm.org.

B. Methods Developed by Vendors

1. IDEXX Laboratories, Inc. Colilert-18®. Colilert-18® is an approved commercial medium capable of simultaneous detection of total coliform and Escherichia coli bacteria. The use of this medium is described in Standard Method 9223 B, 21st edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (APHA 2005b). Standard Method 9223 B is approved for determination of total coliform bacteria and E. coli under the Revisions to the Total Coliform Rule (RTCR) (USEPA 2013) as cited at 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5). Colilert-18® is a minor variation of an already approved medium, and was determined to be applicable to the Total Coliform Rule (TCR) (Dougherty 1996). EPA is using today's action to clarify that Colilert-18® is itself an approved medium when used as described in Standard Method 9223 B for determining total coliform bacteria and E. coli in drinking water under the RTCR. Accordingly, EPA is adding the Colilert-18® medium and methodology as described in Standard Method 9223 B to the list of alternative testing methods in Appendix A to Subpart C of Part 141. Colilert-18® is Start Printed Page 35084available from IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., One IDEXX Drive, Westbrook, ME 04092, and also at http://www.idexx.com.

2. Hach Company Method 10260—Determination of Chlorinated Oxidants (Free and Total) in Water using Disposable Planar Reagent-Filled Cuvettes and Mesofluidic Channel Colorimetry (Hach Company 2013a). The Hach Company Method 10260 uses disposable planar reagent-filled cuvettes (PRFC) to measure free, total and combined chlorine as an optional alternate test procedure to Standard Method 4500-Cl G (APHA 1998) which is approved in the drinking water regulations at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2) for determination of free and total chlorine, and at 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1) for determination of free, total and combined chlorine. In this method, a mesofluidic pump system draws a water sample through a cuvette that is prefilled with the reagents required to perform DPD (N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine) colorimetric chlorine tests. The sample is then drawn to an optical channel where the chlorine level is measured at a wavelength between 490 and 530 nm. Automation of the DPD determination relative to the manual procedure described in the approved method reduces errors associated with reagent addition, mixing and color development. Three laboratories analyzed a variety of drinking water matrices (e.g., low ionic strength, high ionic strength, and tap water samples derived from both surface water and ground water sources). The performance characteristics of the Hach Method 10260 were compared to the performance characteristics of the approved method. The validation study report (Hach 2013b) summarizes the results obtained from the multi-laboratory study and indicates that Hach Method 10260 is equally as effective as Standard Method 4500-Cl G for the colorimetric determination of free and total chlorine in drinking water. The basis for this determination is discussed in Smith and Wendelken (2013b). EPA is thus approving Hach Method 10260 as an alternate method to Standard Method 4500-Cl G for the analysis of free and total chlorine in drinking water. Hach Method 10260 is available from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539, and also at www.hach.com.

3. Palintest Ltd ChlordioX Plus Method—Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Amperometry using Disposable Sensors (Palintest Ltd 2013). The Palintest Ltd ChlordioX Plus uses recyclable disposable sensors for amperometric detection of chlorine dioxide and the disinfection byproduct, chlorite, in drinking water. Standard Method 4500-ClO2 E (APHA 1998) is an amperometric titration method that is currently approved in the regulations at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2) and 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1) for determination of chlorine dioxide in drinking water; it is also cited in the regulations at 40 CFR 141.131(b)(1) for routine daily monitoring of chlorite. The approved method requires experienced analysts and is not portable, which limits options for field and site testing. The ChlordioX Plus method is associated with a portable sensor driven instrument and chlorine dioxide standards are available, which can be used with the instrument. Chlorine dioxide is reduced at the surface of the sensor and the current produced is directly proportional to the chlorine dioxide level in the sample. The chlorite level can be determined from a sample duplicate by oxidation of iodide to iodine. The method performance of the ChlordioX Plus method was compared to the performance of Standard Method 4500-ClO2 E at three public drinking water utilities that use chlorine dioxide for primary disinfection. A variety of samples, including drinking water samples from both surface and ground water sources, were fortified with known chlorine dioxide and chlorite concentrations and then analyzed by each method. The results of the validation study are summarized in Smith and Wendelken (2013c). EPA has determined that the ChlordioX Plus method is equally as effective as the approved method, Standard Method 4500-ClO2 E. The basis for this determination is discussed in Smith and Wendelken (2013c). Therefore, EPA is approving the ChlordioX Plus method for determining chlorine dioxide and chlorite in drinking water. A copy of the method can be obtained by contacting Palintest Ltd, 1455 Jamike Avenue (Suite 100), Erlanger, KY 41018.

4. Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies Tecta EC/TC Method—Presence/Absence Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Total Coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Drinking Water (Veolia 2014a). Tecta EC/TC is a microbiological method for the simultaneous detection of total coliforms and E. coli in drinking water by broth enrichment of samples. Total coliforms and E. coli are detected as being present or absent in 100 mL samples of drinking water by enzymatic cleavage of fluorogenic substances with the formation of fluorescent compounds after incubation. Approved drinking water methods for total coliforms are listed at 40 CFR 141.21(f)(3) under the Total Coliform Rule (TCR) and at 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5) under the Revisions to the Total Coliform Rule (RTCR). Methods approved for E. coli in drinking water are listed at 40 CFR 141.21(f)(6) under the TCR, at 40 CFR 141.402(c)(2) under the Ground Water Rule (GWR), and at 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5) under the RTCR. Tecta EC/TC is similar to other approved drinking water methods except that it uses hydrophobic fluorogens for total coliforms and E. coli which adhere to a hydrophobic plastic stub. These fluorogens emit fluorescent light into the interior of the stub when illuminated by ultraviolet light. The fluorescence from the fluorogens is detected by a photometer adjacent to the stub. The incubation temperature maintenance, incubation timing, and fluorescence detection and results recording are all performed by an automated instrument. Tecta EC/TC is able to detect total coliforms and E. coli in 18 hours. Reagents and sample incubation containers are available, which can be used with the Tecta EC/TC incubator/detector. An Alternative Test Procedure (ATP) study was conducted to compare the method performance of Tecta EC/TC to the performance of the approved methods Standard Methods 9221 B (LTB/BGLB for total coliforms) and 9221 F (LTB/EC-MUG for E. coli) (APHA 1998). The comparison study involved analyses of 200 drinking water samples—20 replicate samples that were inoculated with very low densities of chlorine-stressed total coliforms or E. coli obtained from 10 geographically dispersed waste waters. Method specificity was evaluated using approximately 100 positive and 100 negative cultures as determined from analyses by the reference methods. The ATP validation study report (Veolia 2014b) details the study design and method data evaluation. EPA has determined that Tecta EC/TC is equally effective relative to the approved Standard Method 9221 B for total coliforms under the TCR and RTCR, and Standard Method 9221 F for E. coli under the TCR, GWR, and RTCR. The basis for this determination is discussed in Sinclair (2014). Therefore, EPA is approving the Tecta EC/TC method for determining total coliforms and E. coli in drinking water. Tecta EC/TC is an automated and self-contained method, but is subject to the requirements for certified laboratories described in CFR 141.28.

A copy of the Tecta EC/TC method is available from Veolia Water Solutions Start Printed Page 35085and Technologies, Suite 4697, Biosciences Complex, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

As noted in Section II, under the terms of SDWA Section 1401(1), this streamlined method approval action is not a rule. Accordingly, the Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, does not apply because this action is not a rule for purposes of 5 U.S.C. 804(3). Similarly, this action is not subject to the Regulatory Flexibility Act because it is not subject to notice and comment requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute. In addition, because this approval action is not a rule but simply makes alternative testing methods available as options for monitoring under SDWA, EPA has concluded that other statutes and executive orders generally applicable to rulemaking do not apply to this approval action.

V. References

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1994. Standard Method 6251 B-94. Disinfection By-Products: Haloacetic Acids and Trichlorophenol. Micro Liquid—Liquid Extraction Gas Chromatographic Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 1994. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1998. 20th Edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1999. Standard Method 3113 B-99. Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 1999. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2000a. Standard Method 2550-00. Temperature. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2000. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2000b. Standard Method 5910 B-00. UV-Absorbing Organic Constituents. Ultraviolet Absorption Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2000. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2004a. Standard Method 9223 B-04. Enzyme Substrate Test. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2004. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2004b. Standard Method 9215 B-04. Heterotrophic Plate Count—Pour Plate Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2004. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2005a. Standard Method 6651 B-05. Glyphosate Herbicide—Liquid Chromatographic Post-Column Fluorescence Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2005. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2005b. 21st Edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006a. Standard Method 6640 B-06. Acidic Herbicide Compounds—Micro Liquid—Liquid Extraction Gas Chromatographic Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006b. Standard Method 9221 A-06. Multiple-Tube Fermentation Technique for Members of the Coliform Group—Introduction. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006c. Standard Method 9221 B-06. Standard Total Coliform Fermentation Technique. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006d. Standard Method 9221 C-06. Estimation of Bacterial Density. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006e. Standard Method 9221 E-06. Fecal Coliform Procedure. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006f. Standard Method 9221 F-06. Escherichia coli Procedure Using Fluorogenic Substrate. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2006g. Standard Method 9222 D-06. Thermotolerant (Fecal) Coliform Membrane Filter Procedure. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2006. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2007. Standard Method 6251 B-07. Disinfection By-Products: Haloacetic Acids and Trichlorophenol. Micro Liquid—Liquid Extraction Gas Chromatographic Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2007. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2010a. Standard Method 2550-10. Temperature. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2010. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2010b. Standard Method 3113 B-10. Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2010. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2011. Standard Method 5910 B-11. UV-Absorbing Organic Constituents. Ultraviolet Absorption Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2011. Standard Methods Online. (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org.)

ASTM International. 1989. ASTM D512-89 B (reapproved 1999). Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion in Water—Silver Nitrate Titration. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2002. ASTM D3223-02. Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2003. ASTM D4327-03. Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2011. ASTM D4327-11. Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2012a. ASTM D512-12 B. Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion in Water—Silver Nitrate Titration. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2012b. ASTM D3223-12. Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

Dougherty, C. C. 1996. Letter to Joe O'Donnell, Senior Regulatory Affairs Specialist, IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., Sept. 10, 1996.

Hach Company. 2013a. Hach Company Method 10260—Determination of Chlorinated Oxidants (Free and Total) in Water using Disposable Planar Reagent-Filled Cuvettes and Mesofluidic Channel Colorimetry. April 2013. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)Start Printed Page 35086

Hach Company. 2013b. Hach Company Method 10260—Alternate Test Procedure (ATP) Validation Study Report for Free and Total Chlorine using Disposable “Planar” Reagent-Filled Cuvettes. August 2013. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Palintest Ltd. 2013. Palintest ChlordioX Plus Method—Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Amperometry using Disposable Sensors. November 2013. 1455 Jamike Avenue (Suite 100), Erlanger, KY 41018.

Sinclair, J. 2014. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Tecta EC/TC. April 9, 2014.

Smith, G. 2013. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of updated methods from ASTM International. December 1, 2013.

Smith, G. and Wendelken, S. 2013a. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of online Standard Methods. December 3, 2013.

Smith, G. and Wendelken, S. 2013b. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Hach Company Method 10260 for determination of chlorinated oxidants (free and total) in water using disposable planar reagent-filled cuvettes and mesofluidic channel colorimetry. November 4, 2013.

Smith, G. and Wendelken, S. 2013c. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Palintest Ltd. ChlordioX Plus Method. November 20, 2013.

USEPA. 2000. EPA Method 515.4, Revision 1.0, “Determination of Chlorinated Acids in Drinking Water by Liquid-Liquid Microextraction, Derivatization and Fast Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection,” EPA/815/B-00/001, April 2000. (Available at https://www.nemi.gov.)

USEPA. 2013. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Revisions to the Total Coliform Rule; Final Rule. 78 FR 10270. February 13, 2013.

Veolia. 2014a. Presence/Absence Method for Simultaneous Detection of Total Coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Drinking Water. April 2014. Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, Suite 4697, Biosciences Complex, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6.

Veolia. 2014b. ATP Study Report for the Proposed US EPA Approval of ENDETEC (Tecta EC/TC), an Automated Method for Detecting Total Coliforms and E. coli in Drinking Water, under the USEPA Microbiological Alternate Test Procedure (ATP) Study Report ATP Case Number D11-0005. Originally submitted June 12, 2013, revised January 30, 2014. Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, Suite 4697, Biosciences Complex, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 141

  • Environmental protection
  • Chemicals
  • Indians-lands
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Radiation protection
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Water supply
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: June 3, 2014.

Peter Grevatt,

Director, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water.

End Signature

For the reasons stated in the preamble, 40 CFR part 141 is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 141—NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 141 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 300f, 300g-1, 300g-2, 300g-3, 300g-4, 300g-5, 300g-6, 300j-4, 300j-9, and 300j-11.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Appendix A to Subpart C of Part 141 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

d. By revising entries for “Antimony,” “Arsenic,” “Barium,” “Beryllium,” “Cadmium,” “Chromium,” “Copper,” “Fluoride,” “Lead,” “Mercury,” “Nickel,” “Nitrate,” “Nitrite,” “Orthophosphate,” “Selenium,” and “Temperature” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

e. By revising entries for “2,4-D,” “2,4,5-TP (Silvex),” “Dalapon,” “Dinoseb,” “Glyphosate,” “Pentachlorophenol,” and “Picloram” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

f. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

g. By revising entries for “Free Chlorine,” “Total Chlorine,” and “Chlorine Dioxide” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR DISINFECTANT RESIDUALS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

h. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

i. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR DISINFECTANT RESIDUALS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

j. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR PARAMETERS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

k. By revising the entry for “E. coli” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

l. By revising the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

m. By revising entries for “Aluminum,” “Chloride,” “Iron,” “Manganese,” “Silver,” and “Sulfate” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

n. By revising footnotes 17 and 23.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

o. By adding footnotes 31 through 33 to the table.

End Amendment Part

The additions and revisions read as follows:

Start Appendix

APPENDIX A TO SUBPART C OF PART 141—ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS APPROVED FOR ANALYSES UNDER THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT

* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.21(f)(3)

OrganismMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3Other
Total ColiformsTotal Coliform Fermentation Technique9221 A, B9221 A, B9221 A,B-06
Total Coliform Membrane Filter Technique9222 A, B, C
Start Printed Page 35087
Presence-Absence (P-A) Coliform Test9221 D
ONPG-MUG Test92239223 B9223 B-04
Colitag TMModified ColitagTM13
Tecta EC/TC 33

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.21(f)(5)

OrganismMethodologySM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3
Fecal ColiformsFecal Coliform Procedure9221 E9221 E-06

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.21(f)(6)

OrganismMethodologySM 20th Edition 6SM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3Other
E.coliONPG-MUG Test9223 B9223 B9223 B9223 B-97, B-04
Colitag TMModified ColitagTM13
Tecta EC/TC 33

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1)

ContaminantMethodologyEPA MethodSM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3ASTM 4Other
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
AntimonyHydride—Atomic AbsorptionD 3697-07
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
ArsenicAtomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 2972-08 C
Hydride Atomic Absorption3114 B3114 B3114 B-09D 2972-08 B
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
BariumInductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 D3111 D
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
Start Printed Page 35088
BerylliumInductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 3645-08 B
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
CadmiumAtomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
ChromiumInductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
CopperAtomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 1688-07 C
Atomic Absorption; Direct Aspiration3111 B3111 BD 1688-07 A
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
FluorideIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Manual Distillation; Colorimetric SPADNS4500-F B, D4500-F B, D
Manual Electrode4500-F C4500-F CD 1179-04, 10 B
Automated Alizarin4500-F E4500-F E
Arsenite-Free Colorimetric SPADNSHach SPADNS 2 Method 10225 22
LeadAtomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 3559-08 D
Start Printed Page 35089
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MercuryManual, Cold Vapor3112 B3112 B3112 B-09D 3223-12
NickelInductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 B3111 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
NitrateIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Automated Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3 F4500-NO3 F
Manual Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3 E4500-NO3 E
Ion Selective Electrode4500-NO3 D4500-NO3 D
Reduction/ColorimetricSystea Easy (1-Reagent) 8
Colorimetric; DirectHach TNTplusTM 835/836 Method 10206 23
NitriteIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Automated Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3 F4500-NO3 F
Manual Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3 E4500-NO3 E
Spectrophotometric4500-NO2 B4500-NO2 B
Reduction/ColorimetricSystea Easy (1-Reagent) 8
OrthophosphateIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Colorimetric, ascorbic acid, single reagent4500-P E4500-P E4500-P E-99
Colorimetric, Automated, Ascorbic Acid4500-P F4500-P F4500-P F-99
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
SeleniumHydride-Atomic Absorption3114 B3114 B3114 B-09D 3859-08 A
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 3859-08 B
Start Printed Page 35090
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
TemperatureThermometric255025502550-10

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.24 (e)(1)

ContaminantMethodologyEPA methodSM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
2,4-DGas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)Gas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
DalaponIon Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS)55714
Gas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
DinosebGas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
GlyphosateHigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Post-Column Derivatization and Fluorescence Detection6651 B6651 B6651 B-00, B-05.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PentachlorophenolGas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
Solid Phase Extraction/Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)525.324
PicloramGas Chromatography/Electron Capture Detection (GC/ECD)6640 B6640 B6640 B-01, B-06.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1)

OrganismMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3Other
Total ColiformTotal Coliform Fermentation Technique9221 A, B, C9221 A, B, C9221 A,B,C-06
Total Coliform Membrane Filter Technique9222 A, B, C
ONPG-MUG Test92239223 B9223 B-04
Fecal ColiformsFecal Coliform Procedure9221 E9221 E9221 E-06
Start Printed Page 35091
Fecal Coliform Filter Procedure9222 D9222 D9222 D-06
Heterotrophic bacteriaPour Plate Method9215 B9215 B9215 B-04
TurbidityNephelometric Method2130 B2130 B
Laser Nephelometry (on-line)Mitchell M5271.10
LED Nephelometry (on-line)Mitchell M5331.11
LED Nephelometry (on-line)AMI Turbiwell.15
LED Nephelometry (portable)Orion AQ4500.12

Alternative Testing Methods for Disinfectant Residuals Listed at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2)

ResidualMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28ASTM 4Other
Free ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Syringaldazine (FACTS)4500-Cl H4500-Cl H
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
Total ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08
Amperometric Titration (Low level measurement)4500-Cl E4500-Cl E
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Iodometric Electrode4500-Cl I4500-Cl I
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
Chlorine DioxideAmperometric Titration4500-ClO2 C4500-ClO2 C
Amperometric Titration4500-ClO2 E4500-ClO2 E
Amperometric SensorChlordioX Plus.32
*         *         *         *         *         *         *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.131(b)(1)

ContaminantMethodologyEPA MethodASTM 4SM Online 3SM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28Other
TTHMP&T/GC/MS524.3 9, 524.4 29
HAA5LLE (diazomethane)/GC/ECD6251 B-076251 B6251 B
Ion Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS)557 14
BromateTwo-Dimensional Ion Chromatography (IC)302.0 18
Start Printed Page 35092
Ion Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS)557 14
Chemically Suppressed Ion ChromatographyD 6581-08 A
Electrolytically Suppressed Ion ChromatographyD 6581-08 B
ChloriteChemically Suppressed Ion ChromatographyD 6581-08 A
Electrolytically Suppressed Ion ChromatographyD 6581-08 B
Chlorite—daily monitoring as prescribed in 40 CFR 141.132(b)(2)(i)(A)Amperometric Titration4500-ClO2 E4500-ClO2 E
Amperometric SensorChlordioX Plus.32

Alternative Testing Methods for Disinfectant Residuals Listed at 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1)

ResidualMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28ASTM 4Other
Free ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260 31.
Syringaldazine (FACTS)4500-Cl H4500-Cl H
Amperometric SensorChloroSense 17.
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0 16.
Combined ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260 31.
Total ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08
Low level Amperometric Titration4500-Cl E4500-Cl E
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260 31.
Iodometric Electrode4500-Cl I4500-Cl I
Amperometric SensorChloroSense 17.
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0 16.
Chlorine DioxideAmperometric Method II4500-ClO2 E4500-ClO2 E
Amperometric SensorChlordioX Plus 32.
Start Printed Page 35093
* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Parameters Listed at 40 CFR 141.131(d)

ParameterMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3EPA
Total Organic Carbon (TOC)High Temperature Combustion5310 B5310 B415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Persulfate-Ultraviolet or Heated Persulfate Oxidation5310 C5310 C415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Wet Oxidation5310 D5310 D415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Specific Ultraviolet Absorbance (SUVA)Calculation using DOC and UV254 data415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC)High Temperature Combustion5310 B5310 B415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Persulfate-Ultraviolet or Heated Persulfate Oxidation5310 C5310 C415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Wet Oxidation5310 D5310 D415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
Ultraviolet absorption at 254 nm (UV254)Spectrophotometry5910 B5910 B5910 B-11415.3, Rev 1.2 19.
* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.402(c)(2)

OrganismMethodologySM 20th Edition 6SM 21st Edition1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3Other
E. coliColilert®9223 B9223 B922 3 B-97, B-04
Colisure®9223 B9223 B9223 B-97, B-04
Colilert-189223 B9223 B9223 B9223 B-97, B-04
Readycult®Readycult® 20.
ColitagModified ColitagTM13.
Chromocult®Chromocult® 21.
EC-MUG9221 F9221 F-06
Tecta EC/TC 33
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.852(a)(5)

OrganismMethodology CategoryMethodSM 20th, 21st Editions 1,6SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3
Total ColiformsLactose Fermentation MethodsStandard Total Coliform Fermentation Technique9221 B.1, B.29221 B.1, B.2-06.
Enzyme Substrate MethodsColilert®9223 B9223 B-04.
Colilert-18Colisure®9223 B9223 B-04.
Tecta EC/TC 33
Escherichia coliEscherichia coli Procedure (following Lactose Fermentation Methods)EC-MUG medium9221 F.19221 F.1-06.
Enzyme Substrate MethodsColilert®9223 B9223 B-04.
Colisure®9223 B9223 B-04.
Colilert-18®9223 B9223 B9223 B-04.
Tecta EC/TC 33
Start Printed Page 35094

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 143.4(b)

ContaminantMethodologyEPA MethodASTM 4SM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3
AluminumAxially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 D3111 D
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10.
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
ChlorideSilver Nitrate TitrationD 512-04 B, 12 B4500-Cl B4500-Cl B
Ion ChromatographyD 4327-114110 B4110 B
Potentiometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl D
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
IronAxially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 B3111 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10.
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
ManganeseAxially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 B3111 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10.
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
SilverAxially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2 2
Atomic Absorption; Direct3111 B3111 B
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10.
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
SulfateIon ChromatographyD 4327-114110 B4110 B
Gravimetric with ignition of residue4500-SO42− C4500-SO42− C4500-SO42− C-97
Start Printed Page 35095
Gravimetric with drying of residue4500-SO42− D4500-SO42− D4500-SO42− D-97
Turbidimetric methodD 516-07, 114500-SO42− E4500-SO42− E4500-SO42− E-97
Automated methylthymol blue method4500-SO42− F4500-SO42− F4500-SO42− F-97
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
1Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st edition (2005). Available from American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.
2 EPA Method 200.5, Revision 4.2. “Determination of Trace Elements in Drinking Water by Axially Viewed Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry.” 2003. EPA/600/R-06/115. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/​nerlcwww/​ordmeth.htm.)
3 Standard Methods Online are available at http://www.standardmethods.org. The year in which each method was approved by the Standard Methods Committee is designated by the last two digits in the method number. The methods listed are the only online versions that may be used.
4 Available from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 or http://astm.org. The methods listed are the only alternative versions that may be used.
* * * * *
6Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th edition (1998). Available from American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.
* * * * *
8 Systea Easy (1-Reagent). “Systea Easy (1-Reagent) Nitrate Method,” February 4, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Systea Scientific, LLC., 900 Jorie Blvd., Suite 35, Oak Brook, IL 60523.
9 EPA Method 524.3, Version 1.0. “Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry,” June 2009. EPA 815-B-09-009. Available at http://water.epa.gov/​drink/​.
10 Mitchell Method M5271, Revision 1.1. “Determination of Turbidity by Laser Nephelometry,” March 5, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81507.
11 Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1. “Determination of Turbidity by LED Nephelometry,” March 5, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81507.
12 Orion Method AQ4500, Revision 1.0. “Determination of Turbidity by LED Nephelometry,” May 8, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Thermo Scientific, 166 Cummings Center, Beverly, MA 01915, http://www.thermo.com.
13 Modified ColitagTM Method. “Modified ColitagTM Test Method for the Simultaneous Detection of E. coli and other Total Coliforms in Water (ATP D05-0035),” August 28, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from CPI International, 5580 Skylane Boulevard, Santa Rosa, CA 95403.
14 EPA Method 557. “Determination of Haloacetic Acids, Bromate, and Dalapon in Drinking Water by Ion Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS),” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-012. Available at http://water.epa.gov/​drink/​.
15 AMI Turbiwell, “Continuous Measurement of Turbidity Using a SWAN AMI Turbiwell Turbidimeter,” August 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Markus Bernasconi, SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG, Studbachstrasse 13, CH-8340 Hinwil, Switzerland.
16 EPA Method 334.0. “Determination of Residual Chlorine in Drinking Water Using an On-line Chlorine Analyzer,” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-013. Available at http://water.epa.gov/​drink/​.
17 ChloroSense. “Measurement of Free and Total Chlorine in Drinking Water by Palintest ChloroSense,” August 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Palintest Ltd, 1455 Jamike Avenue (Suite 100), Erlanger, KY 41018.
18 EPA Method 302.0. “Determination of Bromate in Drinking Water using Two-Dimensional Ion Chromatography with Suppressed Conductivity Detection,” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-014. Available at http://water.epa.gov/​drink/​.
19 EPA 415.3, Revision 1.2. “Determination of Total Organic Carbon and Specific UV Absorbance at 254 nm in Source Water and Drinking Water,” September 2009. EPA/600/R-09/122. Available at http://www.epa.gov/​nerlcwww/​ordmeth.htm.
20 Readycult® Method, “Readycult® Coliforms 100 Presence/Absence Test for Detection and Identification of Coliform Bacteria and Escherichia coli in Finished Waters,” January, 2007. Version 1.1. Available from EMD Millipore (division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany), 290 Concord Road, Billerica, MA 01821.
21 Chromocult® Method, “Chromocult® Coliform Agar Presence/Absence Membrane Filter Test Method for Detection and Identification of Coliform Bacteria and Escherichia coli in Finished Waters,” November, 2000. Version 1.0. EMD Millipore (division of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany), 290 Concord Road, Billerica, MA 01821.
22 Hach Company. “Hach Company SPADNS 2 (Arsenite-Free) Fluoride Method 10225—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Fluoride in Water and Wastewater,” January 2011. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)
23 Hach Company. “Hach Company TNTplusTM 835/836 Nitrate Method 10206—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Nitrate in Water and Wastewater,” January 2011. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)
24 EPA Method 525.3. “Determination of Semivolatile Organic Chemicals in Drinking Water by Solid Phase Extraction and Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS),” February 2012. EPA/600/R-12/010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/​nerlcwww/​ordmeth.htm.
* * * * *
28Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd edition (2012). Available from American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.
29 EPA Method 524.4, Version 1.0. “Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry using Nitrogen Purge Gas,” May 2013. EPA 815-R-13-002. Available at http://water.epa.gov/​drink.
* * * * *
31 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10260—Determination of Chlorinated Oxidants (Free and Total) in Water Using Disposable Planar Reagent-filled Cuvettes and Mesofluidic Channel Colorimetry,” April 2013. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)
32 ChlordioX Plus. “Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Amperometry using Disposable Sensors,” November 2013. Available from Palintest Ltd, Jamike Avenue (Suite 100), Erlanger, KY 41018.
33 Tecta EC/TC. “Presence/Absence Method for Simultaneous Detection of Total Coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Drinking Water,” April 2014. Available from Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, Suite 4697, Biosciences Complex, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6.
End Appendix Start Printed Page 35096 End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2014-14369 Filed 6-18-14; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P