The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as part of its continuing effort to reduce public burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. To request more information on the below proposed project or to obtain a copy of the information collection plan and instruments, call 404-639-7570 or send comments to Leroy A. Richardson, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an email to email@example.com.
Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or included in the request for Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval. Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information. Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, disclose or provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time needed to review instructions; to develop, acquire, install and utilize technology and systems for the purpose of collecting, validating and verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information; to train personnel and to be able to respond to a collection of information, to search data sources, to complete and review the collection of information; and to transmit or otherwise disclose the information. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.
Returning Our Veterans to Employment and Reintegration (ROVER): Work Stress and Assistance Animals—New—National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face barriers that prevent many of them from successfully reintegrating into society and returning to the work force. Various reports claim that higher unemployment rates and increased healthcare costs and utilization are associated with PTSD.
Symptoms associated with PTSD include diminished interest or participation in significant activities, feelings of detachment or estrangement from others, difficulty falling or staying asleep, hyper vigilance, exaggerated startle response, difficulty with concentration or attention, and a restricted range of affect. Amelioration of PTSD symptoms is necessary to facilitate reintegration of veterans into society and the workforce; these benefits may also contribute positively to veterans' overall physical and psychological health.
A review of mostly anecdotal evidence suggests that animal-assisted interventions may have general therapeutic benefits for individuals with PTSD. Although a few reports tout the benefits of human-animal companionship, no studies have focused specifically on investigating the elements of human-animal interactions that might be therapeutic for individuals with PTSD or other stress-related disorders. Furthermore, there is scant evidence supporting the notion that service dogs or therapy dogs may directly improve functioning and, thereby, ease an individual's reintegration into society and employment.
NIOSH is seeking a 3-year approval from OMB on a research study aimed at understanding the benefits of human-animal interactions for the purpose of facilitating the reintegration and employment of veterans with PTSD. The efficacy of using service dogs or other types of assistance dogs to help veterans with disabilities return to work has not been established in well-controlled scientific studies, and fundamental empirical evidence is scant. As a step toward a greater understanding, a laboratory-based work-simulation study will be conducted to investigate the influence of the presence of and interactions with a dog on the reactivity and performance of veterans with and without PTSD to work-related and startle stressors. Results of the laboratory-based study will complement the findings of another project (OMB No. 09200985), which is gathering information about veterans perceptions Start Printed Page 53429of the barriers and facilitators to reintegration through two national Web-based surveys. There is no duplication of effort or burden because the research objectives and research methods are substantial different.
This study will be conducted at the NIOSH research facility in Morgantown, WV, which includes state-of-the-art laboratories and equipment to simulate work-related stress under controlled conditions and will use a small-n experimental design with multiple, repeated assessments over time to measure the behavioral (work performance), psychological, and physiological responses of participants. The role of dogs in potentially moderating the effects of the stressors will be investigated with either the absence or presence of a dog in some conditions and a dog that is either familiar or unfamiliar to the veteran in other conditions. The general working hypothesis is that the presence of, and/or interaction with, a familiar dog reduces stress and enhances work performance for both veterans with and without PTSD, with a greater benefit to veterans with PTSD.
U.S. Veterans, with and without PTSD, and veterans with service dogs will be recruited with the assistance of various veterans' organizations to participate in this research study. During the initial recruitment phase, veterans who receive and respond to the recruitment announcements will complete several Web-based prescreening questionnaires, and eligible veterans, who are enrolled into the research study, will complete additional questionnaires and tasks in multi-day assessment sessions at the NIOSH Morgantown facility. An estimated 400 persons in various veterans' agencies will receive email announcements of the research study and follow-up phone calls. The work activity associated with reading the email, answering the phone calls, and distributing a study announcement/flyer to additional individuals is estimated to take up to 10 minutes for each occurrence. Approximately 200 veterans are expected to see the recruitment flyers and complete the initial Web-based contact form and several pre-screening forms, including the Pet Attitude Scale, the Combat Exposure Scale, PTSD Checklist, Medication List, Drug Abuse Screening Test, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Tool, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Index Brief. A total of 64 eligible veterans from this pool are expected to be enrolled in the laboratory portion of the study, including at least 16 veterans who own a service dog. Upon entering the study, all enrolled veterans will complete the Positive and Negative Affect Scale on site, and veterans with service dogs will complete the Big Five Inventory (BFI), the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (CBARQ), the Pet Attachment and Life Impact Scale (PALS), Dog Personality Scale (DPQ), and the Social Style-Self and the Social Style-Service Dog questionnaires.
There are no costs to respondents other than their time.
Estimated Annualized Burden Hours
|Type of respondent||Form name||Number of
respondents||Number of responses per
respondent||Average burden per
(in hours)||Total burden
|Representatives of veterans organizations||Veterans Study Announcement Email/Phone Contact||400||1||10/60||67|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Pet Attitude Scale||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Combat Exposure Scale||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening PTSD Checklist||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Medication List||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Drug Abuse Screening Test||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Center for Epidemiolo-gical Studies Depression Scale||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Tool||64||1||5/60||5|
|Veterans||Pre-Screening World Health Organization Quality of Life Index Brief||64||1||10/60||11|
|Enrolled Veterans without Service Dogs||Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS)||48||3||2/60||5|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||PANAS||16||6||2/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans without Service Dogs||NASA Task Load Index (NASA TLX)||48||2||2/60||5|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||NASA TLX||16||4||2/60||2|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Big Five Inventory (BFI)||16||1||10/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (CBARQ)||16||1||10/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Pet Attachment and Life Impact Scale (PALS)||16||1||10/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Dog Personality Scale (DPQ)||16||1||10/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Social Style-Self||16||1||10/60||3|
|Enrolled Veterans with Service Dogs||Social Style-Service Dog||16||1||10/60||3|
Start Printed Page 53430
Leroy A. Richardson,
Chief, Information Collection Review Office, Office of Scientific Integrity, Office of the Associate Director for Science, Office of the Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2014-21379 Filed 9-8-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P