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Notice

Notice of Final Decision To Reissue the Vickery Environmental, Inc. Land-Ban Exemption

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Notice of Final Decision on a Request by Vickery Environmental, Inc. of Vickery, Ohio to Reissue its Exemption from the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.

SUMMARY:

Notice is hereby given by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA or Agency) that an exemption to the land disposal restrictions under the 1984 Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) has been granted to Vickery Environmental, Inc. (VEI) of Vickery, Ohio for four Class I injection wells located in Vickery, Ohio. As required by 40 CFR part 148, VEI has demonstrated, to a reasonable degree of certainty, that there will be no migration of hazardous constituents out of the injection zone or into an underground source of drinking water (USDW) for at least 10,000 years. This final decision allows the continued underground injection by VEI of only those hazardous wastes designated by the codes in Table 1 through its four Class I hazardous waste injection wells identified as #2, #4, #5 and #6. This decision constitutes a final U.S. EPA action for which there is no administrative appeal.

DATES:

This action is effective as of March 27, 2015.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Stephen Roy, Lead Petition Reviewer, U.S. EPA, Region 5, Water Division, Underground Injection Control Branch, WU-16J, Environmental Protection Agency, 77 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60604-3590; telephone number: (312) 886-6556; fax number (312) 692-2951; email address: roy.stephen@epa.gov. Copies of the petition and all pertinent information are on file and are part of the Administrative Record. It is recommended that you contact the lead reviewer prior to reviewing the Administrative Record.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

VEI submitted a request for reissuance of its existing exemption from the land disposal restrictions of hazardous waste in September, 2007. U.S. EPA staff reviewed all data pertaining to the petition, including, but not limited to, well construction, well operations, regional and local geology, seismic activity, penetrations of the confining zone, and computational models of the injection zone. U.S. EPA has determined that the hydrogeological and geochemical conditions at the site and the nature of the waste streams are such that reliable predictions can be made that fluid movement conditions are such that injected fluids will not migrate out of the injection zone within 10,000 years, as set forth at 40 CFR part 148. The injection zone includes the injection interval into which fluid is directly emplaced and the overlying arrestment interval into which it may diffuse. The injection interval for the VEI facility is composed of the Mt. Simon Sandstone between 2791 and 2950 feet below ground level. The arrestment interval for the VEI facility is composed of the Rome, Conasauga, Kerbel and Knox Formations between 2360 and 2791 feet below ground level. The confining zone at the VEI facility is composed of the Black River and Wells Creek Formations between 1816 and 2360 feet below ground level. The confining zone is separated from the lowermost underground source of drinking water (at a depth of 574 feet below ground level) by a sequence of permeable and less permeable sedimentary rocks. This sequence provides additional protection from fluid migration into drinking water sources.

U.S. EPA issued a draft decision, which described the reasons for granting this exemption in more detail, a fact sheet, which summarized these reasons, and a public notice on December 5, 2014, pursuant to 40 CFR 124.10. U.S. EPA held a public hearing on January 8, 2015, but no one elected to comment on the draft decision at the hearing. The public comment period ended on January 20, 2015. U.S. EPA received comments from VEI but no other parties during the comment period. U.S. EPA has prepared a response to VEI's comments, which can be viewed at the following URL: http://www.epa.gov/​region5/​water/​uic/​pubpdf/​vei-response-to-comments.pdf. This document is part of the Administrative Record for this decision. U.S. EPA is issuing the final exemption with the changes identified in the response to comments.

Conditions

This exemption is subject to the following conditions. Non-compliance with any of these conditions is grounds for termination of the exemption:

(1) The exemption applies to the four existing hazardous waste injection wells, #2, #4, #5, and #6 located at the VEI facility at 3956 State Route 412, Vickery, Ohio.

(2) Injection of restricted hazardous waste is limited to the part of the Mt. Simon Sandstone at depths between 2791 and 2950 feet below the surface level.

(3) Only restricted wastes designated by the RCRA waste codes found in Table 1 may be injected.

(4) Maximum concentrations of chemicals that are allowed to be injected are listed in Table 2.

(5) The average specific gravity of the injected waste stream must be no less than 1.08 over a one-year period.

(6) VEI may inject up to a combined total of 240 gallons per minute into Well #2, #4, #5, and #6, based on a monthly average.

(7) This exemption is approved for the 20-year modeled injection period, which ends on June 30, 2027. VEI may petition U.S. EPA for a reissuance of the Start Printed Page 16375exemption beyond that date, provided that a new and complete petition and no-migration demonstration is received at U.S. EPA, Region 5, by January 31, 2027.

(8) VEI must submit, within 90 days after the exemption is granted, an approvable plan to demonstrate that chemicals listed in Table 2 are not or cannot be injected above the listed limits. Upon U.S. EPA's approval of this plan, VEI shall implement the plan per the schedule in the approved plan.

(9) VEI must submit copies of the reports on the annual bottom-hole pressure surveys conducted in well #2, #4, #5 or #6 to U.S. EPA when these reports are submitted to the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (Ohio EPA). The reports must include a comparison of reservoir parameters determined from the fall-off test, such as permeability and long-term shut-in pressure, with parameters used in the approved no-migration petition.

(10) VEI must submit copies of the reports on the annual radioactive tracer surveys and annulus pressure tests for wells #2, #4, #5 and #6 to U.S. EPA when these reports are submitted to Ohio EPA.

(11) VEI shall notify U.S. EPA in writing if any injection well loses mechanical integrity, prior to any workover or plugging when these notifications are submitted to Ohio EPA.

(12) The petitioner must fully comply with all requirements set forth in Underground Injection Control Permits 03-72-009-PTO-I, 03-72-011-PTO-I, 03-72-012-PTO-I, and 03-72-013-PTO-I issued by Ohio EPA.

(13) Upon the expiration, cancellation, reissuance, or modification of the permits referenced above, this exemption is subject to review.

(14) Whenever U.S. EPA determines that the basis for approval of a petition under 40 CFR §§ 148.23 and 148.24 may no longer be valid, U.S. EPA may terminate this exemption and will require a new demonstration in accordance with 40 CFR § 148.20.Start Printed Page 16376

Table 1—List of RCRA Waste Codes Approved for Injection

D001D002D003D004D005D006D007D008D009D010D011D012
D013D014D015D016D017D018D019D020D021D022D023D024
D025D026D027D028D029D030D031D032D033D034D035D036
D037D038D039D040D041D042D043F001F002F003F004F005
F006F007F008F009F010F011F012F019F020F021F022F023
F024F025F026F027F028F032F034F035F037F038F039K001
K002K003K004K005K006K007K008K009K010K011K013K014
K015K016K017K018K019K020K021K022K023K024K025K026
K027K028K029K030K031K032K033K034K035K036K037K038
K039K040K041K042K043K044K045K046K047K048K049K050
K051K052K060K061K062K069K071K073K083K084K085K086
K087K088K093K094K095K096K097K098K099K100K101K102
K103K104K105K106K107K108K109K110K111K112K113K114
K115K116K117K118K123K124K125K126K131K132K136K140
K141K142K143K144K145K147K148K149K150K151K156K157
K158K159K161K169K170K171K172K174K175K176K177K178
K181P001P002P003P004P005P006P007P008P009P010P011
P012P013P014P015P016P017P018P020P021P022P023P024
P026P027P028P029P030P031P033P034P036P037P038P039
P040P041P042P043P044P045P046P047P048P049P050P051
P054P056P057P058P059P060P062P063P064P065P066P067
P068P069P070P071P072P073P074P075P076P077P078P081
P082P084P085P087P088P089P092P093P094P095P096P097
P098P099P101P102P103P104P105P106P108P109P110P111
P112P113P114P115P116P118P119P120P121P122P123P127
P128P185P188P189P190P191P192P194P196P197P198P199
P201P202P203P204P205U001U002U003U004U005U006U007
U008U009U010U011U012U014U015U016U017U018U019U020
U021U022U023U024U025U026U027U028U029U030U031U032
U033U034U035U036U037U038U039U041U042U043U044U045
U046U047U048U049U050U051U052U053U055U056U057U058
U059U060U061U062U063U064U066U067U068U069U070U071
U072U073U074U075U076U077U078U079U080U081U082U083
U084U085U086U087U088U089U090U091U092U093U094U095
U096U097U098U099U101U102U103U105U106U107U108U109
U110U111U112U113U114U115U116U117U118U119U120U121
U122U123U124U125U126U127U128U129U130U131U132U133
U134U135U136U137U138U139U140U141U142U143U144U145
U146U147U148U149U150U151U152U153U154U155U156U157
U158U159U160U161U162U163U164U165U166U167U168U169
U170U171U172U173U174U176U177U178U179U180U181U182
U183U184U185U186U187U188U189U190U191U192U193U194
U196U197U200U201U202U203U204U205U206U207U208U209
U210U211U213U214U215U216U217U218U219U220U221U222
U223U225U226U227U228U234U235U236U237U238U239U240
U243U244U246U247U248U249U271U278U279U280U328U353
U359U364U367U372U373U387U389U394U395U404U409U410
U411
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Table 2—Maximum Concentrations of Chemical Contaminants That are Hazardous at Less Than One Part per Billion

Chemical constituentHealth based limit (mg/L)Maximum allowable initial concentration (mg/L)Vickery limit (%)
Acetyl chloride2.00E-042.00E+0520
Acrylamide (2-Propenamide)8.00E-068.00E+030.80
Acrylonitrile (2-Propenenitrile or Vinyl Cyanide)6.00E-056.00E+046.00
Aldrin2.00E-072.00E+020.02
Allyl Chloride ( 3-chloroprop(yl)ene)3.00E-053.00E+043.00
Bendiocarb (2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol methylcarbamate)3.00E-043.00E+0530
Benzal chloride2.00E-052.00E+042.0
Benz[a]anthracene (1,2-Benzanthracene)1.30E-041.30E+0513
Benzidine2.00E-072.00E+020.02
Benzo[b]fluoranthene1.80E-041.80E+0518
Benzo[k]fluoranthene1.70E-041.70E+0517
Benzo[g,h,I]-perylene7.60E-047.60E+0576
Benzo[a]pyrene2.00E-042.00E+0520
Benzotrichloride3.00E-063.00E+030.30
Benzyl chloride ((Chloromethyl)benzene)2.00E-042.00E+0520
alpha BHC (see Lindane) alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane6.00E-066.00E+030.60
beta BHC (see Lindane) beta-hexachlorocyclohexane2.00E-052.00E+042
delta BHC (see Lindane) delta-hexachlorocyclohexane2.00E-042.00E+0520
Bromoacetone (1-Bromo-2-propanone)3.00E-053.00E+043
Bromodichloromethane (Trihalomethane)6.00E-046.00E+0560
Brucine (2,3-Dimethoxystrychnidin-10-one)3.00E-043.00E+0530
Carbendazim (1H-benzimidazol-2-yl carbamic acid methyl ester)4.00E-044.00E+0540
Carbon oxyfluoride5.00E-045.00E+0550
Chlorinated fluorocarbons, not otherwise specified5.00E-045.00E+0550
Chloroacetaldehyde5.90E-045.90E+0559
Chlorodibromomethane4.00E-044.00E+0540
Chloroethers3.00E-053.00E+043
2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether3.00E-053.00E+043
Chloromethyl methyl ether3.00E-053.00E+043
Chloroprene3.00E-053.00E+043
m-Cumenyl methylcarbamate3.00E-043.00E+0530
Cyclohexane9.00E-059.00E+049
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), salts, esters2.00E-042.00E+0520
p,p′-Dichlorodipheyldichloroethane (p,p′-DDD)1.00E-041.00E+0510
p,p′-Dichlorodipheyldichloroethylene (p,p′-DDE)1.00E-041.00E+0510
p,p′-Dichlorodiphehylotrichloroethane (p,p′-DDT)1.00E-041.00E+0510
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene3.00E-043.00E+0530
Dibromochloropropane2.00E-042.00E+0520
2,3-Dibromo-1-propanol phosphate(3:1)3.00E-043.00E+0530
Dichlorobenzene2.00E-042.00E+0520
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine8.00E-058.00E+048
sym-Dichloroethyl ether3.00E-053.00E+043
sym-Dichloromethyl ether1.60E-071.60E+020.016
Dichloropropane6.00E-056.00E+046
Dichloropropanol6.00E-056.00E+046
Dichloropropene3.00E-053.00E+043
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene3.00E-053.00E+043
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene3.00E-053.00E+043
Dieldrin2.00E-062.00E+030.2
Diethylene glycol, dicarbamate3.00E-043.00E+0530
O,O-Diethyl O-pyrazinyl phosphorothioate4.00E-044.00E+0540
Dimetilan3.00E-043.00E+0530
2,6-Dinitrotoluene3.10E-043.10E+0531
Di-n-octyl phthalate4.90E-044.90E+0549
Di-n-propylnitrosamine5.00E-065.00E+030.5
1,2-Diphenylhydrazine5.00E-055.00E+045
Dithiocarbamates (total)9.00E-049.00E+0590
Ethylene dibromide5.00E-055.00E+045
Ethylidene chloride7.00E-047.00E+0570
Famphur3.00E-043.00E+0530
Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt7.00E-047.00E+0570
Formetanate hydrochloride3.00E-043.00E+0530
Formparanate3.00E-043.00E+0530
Heptachlor (and its epoxide)2.00E-042.00E+0520
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzofuran2.50E-052.50E+042.5
1,2,3,4,7,8,9-Heptachlorodibenzofuran2.50E-052.50E+042.5
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin2.50E-052.50E+042.5
Hexachlorobutadiene5.00E-045.00E+0550
Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins2.50E-052.50E+042.5
Start Printed Page 16378
Hexaethyl tetraphosphate4.00E-044.00E+0540
Hydrazine1.00E-051.00E+041
Indeno[1,2,3-cd] pyrene4.30E-044.30E+0543
Isolan3.00E-043.00E+0530
Lindane (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexa-chlorocyclohexane, gamma isomer)2.00E-042.00E+0520
Manganese dimethyldithiocarbamate9.00E-049.00E+0590
Mercury fulminate1.00E-041.00E+0510
Methiocarb5.00E-045.00E+0550
Methyl chlorocarbonate5.90E-045.90E+0559
Metolcarb3.00E-043.00E+0530
N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG)1.50E-041.50E+0515
Naphthalene6.00E-046.00E+0560
p-Nitrophenol1.30E-041.30E+0513
N-Nitrosodiethanolamine1.00E-051.00E+041
N-Nitrosodiethylamine2.00E-072.00E+020.02
N-Nitrosodimethylamine7.00E-077.00E+020.07
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine6.00E-066.00E+030.6
N-Nitrosomethylethylamine2.00E-062.00E+030.2
N-Nitrosomethylvinylamine1.50E-041.50E+0515
N-Nitroso-N-methylurea1.50E-041.50E+0515
N-Nitroso-N-methlurethane1.50E-041.50E+0515
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine2.00E-052.00E+042
1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9-Octachlorodibenzofuran5.00E-055.00E+045
1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9-Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin5.00E-055.00E+045
Parathion6.00E-046.00E+0560
Pebulate8.00E-048.00E+0580
Pentachlorodibenzofurans, total2.50E-052.50E+042.5
Pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, total2.50E-052.50E+042.5
Pentachlorophenols and their chlorophenoxy derivative acids, esters amines and salts7.60E-057.60E+047.6
1,3-Pentadiene3.00E-053.00E+043
Phorate3.00E-043.00E+0530
Phosgene2.00E-042.00E+0520
Phosphorithioic and phosphordithioic acid esters3.00E-043.00E+0530
Physostigmine3.00E-043.00E+0530
Physostigmine salicylate3.00E-043.00E+0530
Polychlorinated Biphenyls5.00E-045.00E+0550
Prosulfocarb6.00E-046.00E+0560
Reserpine3.00E-043.00E+0530
Streptozotocin1.50E-041.50E+0515
Sulfur phosphide3.00E-043.00E+0530
Tars3.00E-043.00E+0530
Tetrachlorodibenzofurans1.00E-051.00E+041
Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins3.00E-083.00E+010.003
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane2.00E-042.00E+0520
Tetraethyl lead3.50E-063.50E+030.35
Thiodicarb3.00E-043.00E+0530
Thiofanox3.00E-043.00E+0530
Tirpate3.00E-043.00E+0530
Trichlorobenzene1.20E-041.20E+0512
Trichloromethanethiol2.00E-042.00E+0520
Triethylamine5.00E-045.00E+0550

Electronic Access. You may access this Federal Register document electronically from the Government Printing Office under the “Federal Register” listings at FDSys (http://www.gpo.gov/​fdsys/​browse/​collection.action?​collectionCode=​FR).

Start Signature

Dated: March 10, 2015.

Kevin M. Pierard,

Acting Director, Water Division.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2015-06970 Filed 3-26-15; 8:45 am]

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