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Notice

Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2016

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AGENCY:

Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Justice.

ACTION:

Notice with request for comments.

SUMMARY:

The Drug Enforcement Administration proposes to establish the 2016 aggregate production quotas for controlled substances in schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act and assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine.

DATES:

Interested persons may file written comments on or objections to this notice in accordance with 21 CFR 1303.11(c) and 1315.11(d). Electronic comments must be submitted, and written comments must be postmarked, on or before August 17, 2015. Commenters should be aware that the electronic Federal Docket Management System will not accept comments after 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the last day of the comment period.

The Administrator may hold a public hearing on one or more issues raised by the comments received in response to this notice. In the event the Administrator decides in his sole discretion to hold such a hearing, the Administrator will publish a notice of any such hearing in the Federal Register. After consideration of any comments and after a hearing, if one is held, the Administrator will publish in the Federal Register a final order establishing the 2016 aggregate production quotas for schedule I and II controlled substances, and an assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine.

ADDRESSES:

To ensure proper handling of comments, please reference “Docket No. DEA-420N” on all correspondence, including any attachments. The Drug Enforcement Administration encourages that all comments be submitted electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal which provides the ability to type short comments directly into the comment field on the Web page or attach a file for lengthier comments. Please go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions at that site for submitting comments. Upon completion of your submission you will receive a Comment Tracking Number for your comment. Please be aware that submitted comments are not instantaneously available for public view on Regulations.gov. If you have received a Comment Tracking Number, your comment has been successfully submitted and there is no need to resubmit the same comment. Paper comments that duplicate electronic submissions are not necessary and are discouraged. Should you wish to mail a paper comment in lieu of an electronic comment, it should be sent via regular or express mail to: Drug Enforcement Administration, Attention: DEA Federal Register Representative/ODL, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

John R. Scherbenske, Office of Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration; Mailing Address: 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, Telephone: (202) 598-6812.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Posting of Public Comments

Please note that all comments received in response to this docket are considered part of the public record. They will, unless reasonable cause is given, be made available for public inspection online at http://www.regulations.gov. Such information includes personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) voluntarily submitted by the commenter. The Freedom of Information Act applies to all comments received. If you want to submit personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) as part of your comment, but do not want it to be posted online or made available in the public docket, you must include the phrase “PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION” in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also place all the personal identifying information you do not want publicly available in the first paragraph of your comment and identify what information you want redacted.

If you want to submit confidential business information as part of your comment, but do not want it to be made publicly available, you must include the phrase “CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION” in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also prominently identify confidential business information to be redacted within the comment.

Comments containing personal identifying information or confidential business information identified and located as directed above will generally be made available in redacted form. If a comment contains so much personal identifying information or confidential business information that it cannot be effectively redacted, all or part of that comment may not be made publicly available. Comments posted to http://www.regulations.gov may include any personal identifying information (such as name, address, and phone number) included in the text of your electronic submission that is not identified as directed above as personal.

An electronic copy of this document is available at http://www.regulations.gov for easy reference.

Legal Authority

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) implements and enforces titles II and III of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, as amended. 21 U.S.C. 801-971. Titles II and III are referred to as the “Controlled Substances Act” and the “Controlled Substances Import and Export Act,” respectively, and are collectively referred to as the “Controlled Substances Act” or the “CSA” for the purpose of this action. The DEA publishes the implementing regulations for these statutes in title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), chapter II. The CSA and its implementing regulations are designed to prevent, detect, and eliminate the diversion of controlled substances and listed chemicals into the illicit market while ensuring an adequate supply is available for the legitimate medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States. Controlled substances have the potential for abuse and dependence and are controlled to protect the public health and safety.

Section 306 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 826) requires the Attorney General to establish aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in schedules I and II and to establish the assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. The Attorney General has delegated this function to the Administrator of the DEA pursuant to 28 CFR 0.100.

Analysis for Proposed 2016 Aggregate Production Quotas and Assessment of Annual Needs

The proposed year 2016 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs represent those quantities Start Printed Page 42541of schedule I and II controlled substances, and the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, to be manufactured in the United States in 2016 to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, lawful export requirements, and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. These proposals include estimated imports of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine but do not include estimated imports of controlled substances for use in industrial processes.

In determining the proposed 2016 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs, the Administrator has taken into account the criteria that is required to be considered in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 826(a), 21 CFR 1303.11 (aggregate production quotas for controlled substances), and 21 CFR 1315.11 (assessment of annual needs for ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine). The Administrator estimates the aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs for 2016 by considering the following factors: (1) Total net disposal of each class or chemical by all manufacturers and chemical importers during the current and two preceding years; (2) trends in the national rate of net disposal of the class or chemical; (3) total actual (or estimated) inventories of the class or chemical and of all substances manufactured from the class or chemical, and trends in inventory accumulation; (4) projected demand for each class or chemical as indicated by procurement and chemical import quotas requested in accordance with 21 CFR 1303.12, 1315.32, and 1315.34; and (5) other factors affecting the medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, lawful export requirements, and reserve stocks, as the Administrator finds relevant.

Other factors the Administrator considered in calculating the aggregate production quotas, but not the assessment of annual needs, include product development requirements of both bulk and finished dosage form manufacturers, and other pertinent information. In determining the proposed 2016 assessment of annual needs, the DEA used the calculation methodology previously described in the 2010 and 2011 assessments of annual needs (74 FR 60294, Nov. 20, 2009, and 75 FR 79407, Dec. 20, 2010, respectively).

The Administrator also specifically considered that inventory allowances granted to individual manufacturers may not always result in the availability of sufficient quantities to maintain an adequate reserve stock pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 826(a), as intended. See 21 CFR 1303.24. This would be of concern if a natural disaster or other unforeseen event resulted in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need. As such, the Administrator proposes to include in all schedule II aggregate production quotas, and certain schedule I aggregate production quotas (difenoxin, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, and tetrahydrocannabinols), an additional 25% of the estimated medical, scientific, and research needs as part of the amount necessary to ensure the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. The proposed aggregate production quotas reflect these included amounts. This action will not affect the ability of manufacturers to maintain inventory allowances as specified by regulation. The Administrator expects that maintaining this reserve in certain established aggregate production quotas will mitigate adverse public effects if an unforeseen event results in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need, as determined by the Administrator. The Administrator does not anticipate utilizing the reserve in the absence of these circumstances.

The Administrator, therefore, proposes to establish the 2016 aggregate production quotas for the following basic classes of schedule I and II controlled substances and assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, expressed in grams of anhydrous acid or base, as follows:

Basic classProposed 2016 quotas (g)
Schedule I
(1-Pentyl-1 H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144)25
[1-(5-Fluoro-pentyl)-1 H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR11)25
[1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazol-3-yl](naphthalen-1-yl)methanone (THJ-2201)15
1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone)25
1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone)25
1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine10
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201)45
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694)45
1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine15
1-[2-(4-Morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200)45
1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073)45
1-Cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18 and RCS-8)45
1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019)45
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine2
1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678)45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203)45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250)45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398)45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122)45
1-Pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19, RCS-4)45
1-Pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081)45
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P)30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E)30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D)30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N)30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H)30
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2-(4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B-NBOMe; 2C-B-NBOMe; 25B; Cimbi-36)25
2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C)30
2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25C-NBOMe; 2C-C-NBOMe; 25C; Cimbi-82)25
2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I)30
2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25I-NBOMe; 2C-I-NBOMe; 25I; Cimbi-5)15
2-(Methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone)25
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET)25
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylthiophenethylamine25
2,5-Dimethoxyamphetamine25
2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2)30
2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4)30
3,4,5-Trimethoxyamphetamine25
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA)55
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)50
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA)40
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone)50
3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV)35
3-Fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC)25
3-Methylfentanyl2
3-Methylthiofentanyl2
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB)25
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2-CB)25
4-Fluoro-N-methylcathinone (4-FMC)25
4-Methoxyamphetamine150
4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM)25
4-Methylaminorex25
4-Methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4-MEC)25
4-Methyl-N-methylcathinone (mephedrone)45
4-Methyl-α-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP)25
5-(1,1-Dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1 R, 3 S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol68
5-(1,1-Dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1 R, 3 S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog)53
5-Methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine25
5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine25
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine25
Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl2
Acetyldihydrocodeine2
Acetylmethadol2
Allylprodine2
Alphacetylmethadol2
alpha-Ethyltryptamine25
Alphameprodine2
Alphamethadol2
alpha-Methylfentanyl2
alpha-Methylthiofentanyl2
alpha-Methyltryptamine (AMT)25
alpha-Pyrrolidinobutiophenone (α-PBP)25
alpha-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone (α-PVP)25
Aminorex25
Benzylmorphine2
Betacetylmethadol2
beta-Hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl2
beta-Hydroxyfentanyl2
Betameprodine2
Betamethadol4
Betaprodine2
Bufotenine3
Cathinone70
Codeine methylbromide5
Codeine-N-oxide305
Desomorphine25
Diethyltryptamine25
Difenoxin11,000
Dihydromorphine3,000,000
Dimethyltryptamine35
Dipipanone5
Fenethylline5
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid70,250,000
Heroin50
Hydromorphinol2
Hydroxypethidine2
Ibogaine5
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)40
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Marihuana200,000
Mescaline25
Methaqualone10
Methcathinone25
Methyldesorphine5
Methyldihydromorphine2
Morphine methylbromide5
Morphine methylsulfonate5
Morphine-N-oxide350
N-(1-Adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48)25
N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-PINACA)25
N-(1-Amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA)25
N-(1-Amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-CHMINACA)15
N-(1-Amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1 H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-PINACA)15
N,N-Dimethylamphetamine25
Naphthylpyrovalerone (naphyrone)25
N-Benzylpiperazine25
N-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine5
N-Ethylamphetamine24
N-Hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine24
Noracymethadol2
Norlevorphanol52
Normethadone2
Normorphine40
Para-fluorofentanyl5
Parahexyl5
Phenomorphan2
Pholcodine5
Psilocybin30
Psilocyn50
Quinolin-8-yl 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1 H-indole-3-carboxylate (5-fluoro-PB-22; 5F-PB-22)25
Quinolin-8-yl 1-pentyl-1 H-indole-3-carboxylate (PB-22; QUPIC)25
Tetrahydrocannabinols511,250
Thiofentanyl2
Tilidine25
Trimeperidine2
Schedule II
1-Phenylcyclohexylamine5
1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile5
4-Anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP)2,950,000
Alfentanil17,750
Alphaprodine3
Amobarbital25,125
Amphetamine (for conversion)15,000,000
Amphetamine (for sale)37,500,000
Carfentanil19
Cocaine200,000
Codeine (for conversion)50,000,000
Codeine (for sale)63,900,000
Dextropropoxyphene45
Dihydrocodeine226,375
Diphenoxylate (for conversion)31,250
Diphenoxylate (for sale)1,337,500
Ecgonine125,000
Ethylmorphine3
Fentanyl2,300,000
Glutethimide3
Hydrocodone (for conversion)235,000
Hydrocodone (for sale)88,500,000
Hydromorphone7,000,000
Isomethadone5
Levo-alphacetylmethadol (LAAM)4
Levomethorphan30
Levorphanol7,125
Lisdexamfetamine29,750,000
Meperidine5,450,000
Meperidine Intermediate-A6
Meperidine Intermediate-B11
Meperidine Intermediate-C6
Metazocine19
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Methadone (for sale)31,875,000
Methadone Intermediate34,375,000
Methamphetamine2,061,375
[1,250,000 grams of levo-desoxyephedrine for use in a non-controlled, non-prescription product; 750,000 grams for methamphetamine mostly for conversion to a schedule III product; and 61,375 grams for methamphetamine (for sale)]
Methylphenidate87,500,000
Morphine (for conversion)91,250,000
Morphine (for sale)62,500,000
Nabilone18,750
Noroxymorphone (for conversion)17,500,000
Noroxymorphone (for sale)1,475,000
Opium (powder)112,500
Opium (tincture)687,500
Oripavine30,000,000
Oxycodone (for conversion)6,250,000
Oxycodone (for sale)139,150,000
Oxymorphone (for conversion)29,000,000
Oxymorphone (for sale)7,750,000
Pentobarbital38,125,000
Phenazocine6
Phencyclidine50
Phenmetrazine3
Phenylacetone50
Racemethorphan3
Remifentanil3,750
Secobarbital215,003
Sufentanil6,255
Tapentadol25,500,000
Thebaine125,000,000
List I Chemicals
Ephedrine (for conversion)100,000
Ephedrine (for sale)4,000,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for conversion)22,400,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for sale)8,500,000
Pseudoephedrine (for conversion)7,000
Pseudoephedrine (for sale)224,500,000

The Administrator further proposes that the aggregate production quotas for all other basic classes of schedule I and II controlled substances included in 21 CFR 1308.11 and 1308.12 remain at zero. In accordance with 21 CFR 1303.13 and 21 CFR 1315.13, upon consideration of the relevant factors, the Administrator may adjust the 2016 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs as necessary.

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Dated: July 13, 2015.

Chuck Rosenberg,

Acting Administrator.

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[FR Doc. 2015-17561 Filed 7-16-15; 8:45 am]

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