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Considerations for Use of Histopathology and Its Associated Methodologies To Support Biomarker Qualification; Guidance for Industry; Availability

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice of availability.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Considerations for Use of Histopathology and Its Associated Methodologies to Support Biomarker Qualification.” This guidance is intended to assist submitters of a biomarker for qualification that conduct nonclinical biomarker qualification studies in which histopathology is used as a reference or truth standard. This guidance discusses the processes that we recommend be considered when generating histopathology data to be included in biomarker studies and outlines the scientific standards recommended for histopathology used in nonclinical biomarker characterization and qualification. The recommendations in this guidance are intended for confirmatory studies in nonclinical biomarker qualification that justify the proposed context of use, where scientifically rigorous evaluation of biomarker performance in relation to histopathologic changes is essential. The principles outlined in this guidance are also applicable to exploratory nonclinical biomarker studies. This guidance finalizes the draft guidance “Use of Histology in Biomarker Qualification Studies,” issued in December 2011.

DATES:

Submit either electronic or written comments on Agency guidances at any time.

ADDRESSES:

You may submit comments as follows:

Electronic Submissions

Submit electronic comments in the following way:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Comments submitted electronically, including attachments, to http://www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your comment will be made public, you are solely responsible for ensuring that your comment does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else's Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your comments, that information will be posted on http://www.regulations.gov.
  • If you want to submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the comment as a written/paper submission and in the manner detailed (see “Written/Paper Submissions” and “Instructions”).

Written/Paper Submissions

Submit written/paper submissions as follows:

  • Mail/Hand delivery/Courier (for written/paper submissions): Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
  • For written/paper comments submitted to the Division of Dockets Management, FDA will post your comment, as well as any attachments, except for information submitted, marked and identified, as confidential, if submitted as detailed in “Instructions.”

Instructions: All submissions received must include the Docket No. FDA-2011-D-0872 for “Considerations for Use of Histopathology and Its Associated Methodologies to Support Biomarker Qualification; Guidance for Industry; Availability.” Received comments will be placed in the docket and, except for those submitted as “Confidential Submissions,” publicly viewable at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

  • Confidential Submissions—To submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made publicly available, submit your comments only as a written/paper submission. You should submit two copies total. One copy will include the information you claim to be confidential with a heading or cover note that states “THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.” The Agency will review this copy, including the claimed confidential information, in its consideration of comments. The second copy, which will have the claimed confidential information redacted/blacked out, will be available for public viewing and posted on http://www.regulations.gov. Submit both copies to the Division of Dockets Management. If you do not wish your name and contact information to be made publicly available, you can provide this information on the cover sheet and not in the body of your comments and you must identify this information as “confidential.” Any information marked as “confidential” will not be disclosed except in accordance with 21 CFR 10.20 and other applicable disclosure law. For more information about FDA's posting of comments to public dockets, see 80 FR 56469, September 18, 2015, or access the information at: http://www.fda.gov/​regulatoryinformation/​dockets/​default.htm.

Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or the electronic and written/paper comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Division of Dockets Management, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

Submit written requests for single copies of this guidance to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10001 New Hampshire Ave., Hillandale Building, 4th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing Start Printed Page 30311your requests. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Elizabeth Hausner, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, Rm. 4145, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-1084.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

FDA is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Considerations for Use of Histopathology and Its Associated Methodologies to Support Biomarker Qualification.” The FDA Critical Path Initiative identified the discovery, characterization, qualification, and use of biomarkers as important for improving the efficiency and success rate of medical product development. Biomarkers have been broadly applied to describe the following:

  • Structural features from the molecular to the anatomic level (e.g., genetic composition, receptor expression patterns, radiographic appearances);
  • Biochemical measurements (e.g., serum levels of electrolytes, cardiac troponins); and
  • Physiologic organ system function tests (e.g., creatinine clearance, pulmonary function tests, cardiac ejection fraction, electrocardiography).

The type of study reports to be submitted in support of a biomarker qualification will depend upon the proposed context of use and the ultimate goal of the submission. The proposed context of use dictates the depth, extent, and rigor of the supporting data for the biomarker. If a biomarker becomes qualified, analytically valid measurements of it can be relied upon to have a specific and interpretable meaning (e.g., physiologic, toxicologic, pharmacologic, or clinical) in drug development and regulatory decision-making. Industry can then employ the biomarker for the qualified context of use during premarketing drug development, and FDA reviewers can be confident about its qualified context of use without the need to reconfirm its applicability or utility. Accordingly, data supporting qualification of a nonclinical biomarker should be reliable, repeatable, and of assured integrity.

In the Federal Register of December 30, 2011 (76 FR 82306), FDA announced the availability of a draft guidance entitled “Use of Histology in Biomarker Qualification Studies.” The Agency received several comments from the pharmaceutical industry and others. We have carefully considered the comments and have made the following changes in response to the comments: (1) Changed the title of the guidance to “Considerations for Use of Histopathology and Its Associated Methodologies to Support Biomarker Qualification”; (2) clarified the scope of the guidance; (3) added more information concerning data used to support biomarker qualification; (4) confirmed and clarified the rationale for assessment of outcomes without knowledge of group assignments in confirmatory studies; and (5) clarified the distinction between biomarker sensitivity and specificity. In addition we have made editorial changes to improve clarity. This guidance finalizes the draft guidance issued in December 2011.

This guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents the current thinking of FDA on considerations for the use of histopathology and its associated methodologies to support biomarker qualification. It does not establish any rights for any person and is not binding on FDA or the public. You can use an alternative approach if it satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.

II. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

This guidance contains information collection provisions that are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in this guidance were approved under OMB control numbers 0910-0001 for submissions related to 21 CFR 314, and 0910-0014 for submissions related to 21 CFR 312.

III. Electronic Access

Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the document at either http://www.fda.gov/​Drugs/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​default.htm or http://www.regulations.gov.

Start Signature

Dated: May 10, 2016.

Leslie Kux,

Associate Commissioner for Policy.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2016-11438 Filed 5-13-16; 8:45 am]

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