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Rule

Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This action announces the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) approval of alternative testing methods for use in measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act authorizes EPA to approve the use of alternative testing methods through publication in the Federal Register. EPA is using this streamlined authority to make 16 additional methods available for analyzing drinking water samples. This expedited approach provides public water systems, laboratories, and primacy agencies with more timely access to new measurement techniques and greater flexibility in the selection of analytical methods, thereby reducing monitoring costs while maintaining public health protection.

DATES:

This action is effective July 19, 2016.

ADDRESSES:

The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-2016-0281. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available electronically through http://www.regulations.gov.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

The Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800) 426-4791 or Glynda Smith, Technical Support Center, Standards and Risk Management Division, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (MS 140), Environmental Protection Agency, 26 West Martin Luther King Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45268; telephone number: (513) 569-7652; email address: smith.glynda@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

Public water systems are the regulated entities required to measure contaminants in drinking water samples. In addition, EPA Regions as well as states and tribal governments with authority to administer the regulatory program for public water systems under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) may measure contaminants in water samples. When EPA sets a monitoring requirement in its national primary drinking water regulations for a given contaminant, the Agency also establishes in the regulations standardized test procedures for analysis of the contaminant. This action makes alternative testing methods available for particular drinking water contaminants beyond the testing methods currently established in the regulations. EPA is providing public water systems required to test water samples with a choice of using either a test procedure already established in the existing regulations or an alternative test procedure that has been approved in this action or in prior expedited approval actions. Categories and entities that may ultimately be affected by this action include:

CategoryExamples of potentially regulated entitiesNAICS 1
State, local, & tribal governmentsState, local and tribal governments that analyze water samples on behalf of public water systems required to conduct such analysis; state, local and tribal governments that directly operate community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor924110
IndustryPrivate operators of community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor221310
MunicipalitiesMunicipal operators of community and non-transient non-community water systems required to monitor924110
1 North American Industry Classification System.

This table is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. This table lists the types of entities that EPA is now aware could potentially be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in the table could also be impacted. To determine whether your facility is affected by this action, you should carefully examine the applicability language in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 40 CFR 141.2 (definition of public water system). If you have questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed in the preceding FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in This Action

APHA: American Public Health Association

ATP: Alternate Test Procedure

CFR: Code of Federal Regulations

DPD: N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine

EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency

LED: Light Emitting Diode

NAICS: North American Industry Classification System

NEMI: National Environmental Methods Index

NTU: Nephelometric Turbidity Unit

QC: Quality Control

SDWA: The Safe Drinking Water Act

TOC: Total Organic Carbon

VCSB: Voluntary Consensus Standard Bodies

II. Background

A. What is the purpose of this action?

In this action, EPA is approving 16 analytical methods for determining contaminant concentrations in drinking water samples collected under SDWA. Regulated parties required to sample and monitor may use either the testing methods already established in existing regulations or the alternative testing methods being approved in this action or in prior expedited approval actions. The new methods are listed along with other methods similarly approved through previous expedited actions in 40 CFR part 141, appendix A to subpart C and on EPA's drinking water methods Web site at https://www.epa.gov/​dwanalyticalmethods.Start Printed Page 46840

B. What is the basis for this action?

When EPA determines that an alternative analytical method is “equally effective” (i.e., as effective as a method that has already been promulgated in the regulations), SDWA allows EPA to approve the use of the alternative method through publication in the Federal Register (see Section 1401(1) of SDWA). EPA is using this streamlined approval authority to make 16 additional methods available for determining contaminant concentrations in drinking water samples collected under SDWA. EPA has determined that, for each contaminant or group of contaminants listed in Section III, the additional testing methods being approved in this action are as effective as one or more of the testing methods already approved in the regulations for those contaminants. Section 1401(1) of SDWA states that the newly approved methods “shall be treated as an alternative for public water systems to the quality control and testing procedures listed in the regulation.” Accordingly, this action makes these additional 16 analytical methods legally available as options for meeting EPA's monitoring requirements.

This action does not add regulatory language, but does, for informational purposes, update an appendix to the regulations at 40 CFR part 141 that lists all methods approved under Section 1401(1) of SDWA. Accordingly, while this action is not a rule, it is updating CFR text and therefore is being published in the “Final Rules” section of the Federal Register.

III. Summary of Approvals

EPA is approving 16 methods that are equally effective relative to methods previously promulgated in the regulations. By means of this rule, these 16 methods are added to appendix A to subpart C of 40 CFR part 141.

A. Methods developed by Voluntary Consensus Standard Bodies (VCSB)

ASTM International. EPA compared the most recent versions of seven ASTM International methods to the earlier versions of those methods that are currently approved in 40 CFR part 141. Changes between the earlier approved version and the most recent version of each method are summarized in Smith (2015). The revisions primarily involve editorial changes (e.g., updated references, definitions, terminology, procedural clarifications, and reorganization of text). The revised methods are the same as the approved versions with respect to sample collection and handling protocols, sample preparation, analytical methodology, and method performance data; thus, EPA finds they are equally effective relative to the approved methods.

EPA is thus approving the use of the following ASTM methods for the contaminants and their respective regulations listed in the following table:

ASTM revised versionApproved methodContaminantRegulation
D 1253-14 (ASTM 2014a)D 1253-03 (ASTM 2003a)Free Chlorine; Total Chlorine40 CFR 141.74(a)(2); 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1).
D 1253-14 (ASTM 2014a)D 1253-03 (ASTM 2003a)Combined Chlorine40 CFR 141.131(c)(1).
D 1125-14 A (ASTM 2014b)D 1125-95 A (ASTM 1995)Conductivity40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D 511-14 A (ASTM 2014c)D 511-03 A (ASTM 2003b)Calcium; Magnesium40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D 511-14 B (ASTM 2014c)D 511-03 B (ASTM 2003b)Calcium; Magnesium40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D 1688-12 A (ASTM 2012a)D 1688-02 A (ASTM 2002a)Copper40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D 1688-12 C (ASTM 2012a)D 1688-02 C (ASTM 2002a)Copper40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).
D 3697-12 (ASTM 2012b)D 3697-02 (ASTM 2002b)Antimony40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).

The ASTM methods are available from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 or http://www.astm.org.

B. Methods Developed by Vendors

1. Hach Method 10241—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Free Chlorine (Cl2) in Finished Drinking Water (Hach Company 2015a). In Hach Method 10241, free chlorine is converted to monochloramine by addition of an ammonia solution to a drinking water sample. In the presence of a cyanoferrate catalyst, monochloramine reacts with a substituted phenol to form an intermediate monoamine compound. The intermediate monoamine compound couples with excess substituted phenol to form a green indophenol compound. Spectrophotometric measurement of absorbance at 655 nm (610 nm for colorimeters) is directly proportional to the concentration of free chlorine in the sample.

The currently approved methods for free chlorine in drinking water are listed in the tables at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2) and 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1). One of the most widely used approved methods is Standard Method 4500-Cl G-00 (APHA 2000a), which uses a N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) indicator for spectrophotometric determination of residual chlorine concentrations in drinking water. The DPD methodology can be subject to interferences associated with the presence of manganese, chloramines, and other oxidants. Hach Method 10241 is not subject to such interferences.

A multi-laboratory study compared the performance characteristics of Hach Method 10241 to the performance characteristics of the approved Standard Method 4500-Cl G-00. A variety of samples, including drinking water samples from both surface water and ground water sources, were fortified with known chlorine concentrations and analyzed by each method. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2015b). EPA has determined that Hach Method 10241 is equally as effective as the approved Standard Method 4500-Cl G-00. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 10241 for determining free chlorine concentrations in drinking water. Hach Method 10241 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com.)

2. Hach Method 8026—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water (Hach Company 2015c). In Hach Method 8026, cuprous copper is measured colorimetrically by complexation with bicinchoninic acid. The intensity in color is proportional to the copper concentration, and spectrophotometer measurements are taken at 560 nm. Cupric copper present in samples is chemically reduced to cuprous copper. Metal and hardness interferences in samples are mitigated through the use of a chelating agent. The method is performed by the addition of Start Printed Page 46841powder pillows containing reagents to the water samples.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of copper in drinking water are listed in the table at 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1). The approved methods are based on atomic spectroscopy technologies. Hach Method 8026 employs a spectrophotometer, and is based on known complexation principles and simple color/absorbance measurements to determine copper concentrations.

A multi-laboratory validation study was conducted to compare the performance of Hach Method 8026 to EPA Method 200.7 (USEPA 1994), one of the approved methods for the analysis of copper in drinking water. Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of copper standards. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2015d). EPA has determined that Hach Method 8026 is equally as effective as the approved EPA Method 200.7. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 8026 for the analysis of copper in drinking water. Hach Method 8026 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com).

3. Hach Method 10261—Total Organic Carbon in Finished Drinking Water by Catalyzed Ozone Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation Infrared Analysis (Hach Company 2015e). Hach Method 10261 is a method for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) in drinking water using an advanced oxidation process and non-dispersive infrared spectroscopy. In this method, ozone and a base are added to water to produce hydroxyl radicals. The hydroxyl radicals oxidize organic carbon to produce carbon dioxide and sodium oxalate. The sodium oxalate is further oxidized to carbon dioxide using acidification and a manganese catalyst. The carbon dioxide produced by both oxidation processes is then measured using non-dispersive infrared spectroscopy.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of TOC in drinking water are listed in 40 CFR 141.131(d)(3). The approved oxidation method, Standard Method 5310 C-00 (APHA 2000b), may not completely oxidize certain organic compounds. Hach Method 10261 uses a more efficient advanced oxidation process to ensure more complete oxidation.

A multi-laboratory validation study was conducted to compare the performance of Hach Method 10261 to the approved Standard Method 5310 C-00. Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of TOC. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2015f). EPA has determined that Hach Method 10261 is equally as effective as the approved Standard Method 5310 C-00. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 10261 for the analysis of TOC in drinking water. Hach Method 10261 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com).

4. Hach Method 10267—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in Finished Drinking Water (Hach Company 2015g). Hach Method 10267 is used for the determination of TOC in drinking water using acid persulfate digestion and visible spectrum spectrophotometry. In this method, samples are oxidized using acid persulfate digestions to convert TOC into carbon dioxide. The generated carbon dioxide is passed through a gas-permeable membrane into an indicator solution that is measured spectrophotometrically at 435 nm. Hach Method 10267 uses pre-packaged reagents to simplify sample preparation and quickly perform the analysis. Interfering inorganic carbon is removed from the sample prior to digestion by acidification and agitation.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of TOC in drinking water are listed in 40 CFR 141.131(d)(3). A multi-laboratory validation study was conducted to compare the performance of Hach Method 10267 to the approved Standard Method 5310 C-00 (APHA 200b). Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of TOC. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2015h). EPA has determined that Hach Method 10267 is equally as effective as the approved Standard Method 5310 C-00. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 10267 for the analysis of TOC in drinking water. Hach Method 10267 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com).

5. Hach Method 10272—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water (Hach Company 2015i). In Hach Method 10272, cuprous copper is measured colorimetrically by complexation with bicinchoninic acid. The intensity in color is proportional to the copper concentration, and spectrophotometer measurements are taken at 560 nm. Cupric copper present in samples is chemically reduced to cuprous copper. Metal and hardness interferences in samples are mitigated through the use of a chelating agent. The method is performed through the use of a copper Chemkey and portable analyzer.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of copper in drinking water are listed in the table at 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1). The approved methods are based on atomic spectroscopy technologies. Hach Method 10272 uses a spectrophotometer, simple color/absorbance measurements to determine copper concentrations, and incorporates portability and streamlining into the analysis.

A multi-laboratory validation study was conducted to compare the performance of Hach Method 10272 to EPA Method 200.7 (USEPA 1994), one of the approved methods for the analysis of copper in drinking water. Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of copper standards. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2015j). EPA has determined that Hach Method 10272 is equally as effective as the approved EPA Method 200.7. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 10272 for the analysis of copper in drinking water. Hach Method 10272 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com).

6. Hach Method 10258—Determination of Turbidity by 360° Nephelometry (Hach Company 2016). In Hach Method 10258 turbidity is determined in conventional-filtered and membrane-filtered treated drinking water using a 360 degree nephelometer. Start Printed Page 46842In this method, a non-incandescent light source operates at a wavelength of 660 + 30 nm and light scattered by the sample is collected and detected at an angle 90 degrees to the incident light, 360 degrees around the sample vial. This design offers improved sensitivity (minimum quantitation limit of 0.0005 Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU) and resolution (0.0001 NTU) relative to the approved methods.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of turbidity in treated drinking water are listed in the regulations at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1). A multi-facility validation study was conducted to compare the performance of Hach Method 10258 to the approved Hach FilterTrak Method 10133 (Hach Company 2000) for the analysis of turbidity in treated drinking water. Seven public drinking water facilities participated in the study. Three facilities produced treated water using both conventional-filtration and membrane-filtration, two facilities produced only conventional-filtration treated water, and two facilities produced only membrane-filtration treated water. Source waters encompassed both surface waters and ground waters under the direct influence of surface water. Turbidity comparison data were collected at each facility by operating the instrument collecting the Hach Method 10258 turbidity data in parallel with an instrument collecting turbidity data using the approved Hach FilterTrack Method 10133. Precision and accuracy (based on recovery of matrix spike injections) data were collected over a range of spike levels (0.0015-0.500 NTU) and calibration verification data were collected from each facility. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Hach Company 2014). EPA has determined that Hach Method 10258 is equally as effective as the approved Hach FilterTrak Method 10133. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Hach Method 10258 for the analysis of turbidity in treated drinking water. Hach Method 10258 can be obtained from Hach Company, 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (http://www.hach.com).

7. Nitrate Elimination Company, Inc. (NECi)—Method for Nitrate Reductase Nitrate-Nitrogen Analysis of Drinking Water (NECi 2016a). The NECi nitrate reductase method is used for the determination of nitrate plus nitrite (as nitrogen) in drinking water. In this method, a eukaryotic nitrate reductase is used to catalyze the conversion of nitrate to nitrite in the presence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as a reductant in a buffer with a near neutral pH. The combined nitrite (both the original and reduced nitrate) is reacted with sulfanilamide and N-(1-napthyl) ethylenediamine dihydrochloride to produce a chromophore. The combined nitrite concentration is then measured spectrophotometrically at ~540 nm. The method entails the use of a discrete analyzer that incorporates a spectrophotometric detector.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of nitrate and nitrite in drinking water are listed in 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1). The approved EPA Method 353.2 (USEPA 1993a) uses cadmium to reduce nitrate to nitrite and subsequently measures the combined nitrite colorimetrically. The NECi nitrate reductase method provides an environmentally friendly approach to nitrate-nitrogen analysis by eliminating the use of toxic cadmium and requires only a fraction of the sample volume used in the approved EPA method.

A multi-laboratory validation study was conducted to compare the performance of the NECi nitrate reductase method to the approved EPA Method 353.2. Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of nitrate standards. The results are summarized in the validation study report (NECi 2016b). EPA has determined that the NECi nitrate reductase method is equally as effective as the approved EPA Method 353.2. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams and Wendelken (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving the NECi nitrate reductase method for the analysis of nitrate and nitrite in drinking water. The NECi nitrate reductase method can be obtained from the Nitrate Elimination Company, Inc. (NECi) at Superior Enzymes, Inc., 334 Hecla St., Lake Linden, Michigan 49945.

8. Thermo Fisher Scientific Drinking Water Orthophosphate Method for Thermo Scientific Gallery Discrete Analyzer (Thermo Fisher 2016a). The Thermo Fisher orthophosphate drinking water method employing Thermo Scientific Gallery discrete analyzers is used for the colorimetric determination of orthophosphate in drinking water. In this method, orthophosphate is reacted with ammonium molybdate and antimony potassium tartrate in an acidic medium to form an antimony-phospho-molybdate complex. The complex is subsequently reduced by ascorbic acid to form an intensely blue complex that can be measured spectrophotometrically at 880 nm.

The currently approved methods for the analysis of orthophosphate in drinking water are listed in 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1). Standard Methods 4500-P E (APHA, 1995) is an approved method that uses ascorbic acid to reduce reacted orthophosphate into a complex that can be measured spectrophotometrically. The Thermo Fisher orthophosphate method incorporates an automated discrete analyzer, which minimizes the use of chemical reagents, generation of waste and human handling errors.

A validation study was conducted to compare the performance of the automated Thermo Fisher orthophosphate discrete analyzer method to the approved Standard Method 4500-P E. Multiple finished drinking water samples drawn from both ground water and surface water sources were used in the validation study. Precision, accuracy and sensitivity data were collected by analyzing drinking water samples fortified with varying concentrations of orthophosphate standards. The results are summarized in the validation study report (Thermo Fisher 2016b). EPA has determined that the Thermo Fisher discrete analyzer method for orthophosphate is equally as effective as the approved Standard Method 4500-P E. Therefore, EPA is approving the Thermo Fisher method for the analysis of orthophosphate in treated drinking water. The basis for this determination is discussed in Adams (2016). The Thermo Fisher discrete analyzer method for orthophosphate can be obtained from Thermo Fisher Scientific, Ratastie 2, 01620 Vantaa, Finland.

9. Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.2—Determination of Turbidity by LED or Laser Nephelometry (Mitchell 2016). Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1 (Mitchell 2009) was approved for the determination of turbidity in drinking water by light emitting diode (LED) nephelometry in the August 2009 expedited methods approval action (USEPA 2009). The currently approved methods for turbidity are listed in 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1) and different sources, including lasers, have been approved. The Mitchell Method M5331 has been updated to incorporate the option of using a solid-state laser in place of a LED as the light source for the turbidimeter. The vendor cites multiple advantages associated with the use of lasers relative to LEDs (Mitchell 2015). Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1 specifies a light source of 525 ± 15 nm, and now lasers at 520 nm and 532 nm are readily available. In addition to Start Printed Page 46843meeting the specified wavelength range, solid-state lasers can offer longer source lifetimes, greater stability, and improved stray light rejection. The updated method is the same as the approved Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1 relative to the divergence of the light source measurement area, the detector, and all other instrumental features. EPA has determined that the updated method is equally as effective as the promulgated EPA Method 180.1 (USEPA 1993b), which established the criteria for nephelometric determination of turbidity. The basis for this determination is discussed in Wendelken and Smith (2016). Therefore, EPA is approving Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.2 for the determination of turbidity in drinking water. Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.2 can be obtained from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Drive, Grand Junction, Colorado 81507.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

As noted in Section II, under the terms of SDWA Section 1401(1), this streamlined method approval action is not a rule. Accordingly, the Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, does not apply because this action is not a rule for purposes of 5 U.S.C. 804(3). Similarly, this action is not subject to the Regulatory Flexibility Act because it is not subject to notice and comment requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute. In addition, because this approval action is not a rule but simply makes alternative testing methods available as options for monitoring under SDWA, EPA has concluded that other statutes and executive orders generally applicable to rulemaking do not apply to this approval action.

V. References

Adams. 2016. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Thermo Fisher discrete analyzer method for orthophosphate. February 18, 2016.

Adams and Smith. 2016. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Hach Company methods. February 29, 2016.

Adams and Wendelken. 2016. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of Nitrate Elimination Company Inc. (NECi) nitrate reductase method. February 9, 2016.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1995. 19th Edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, 800 I Street NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2000a. Standard Method 4500-Cl G-00, Chlorine (Residual)—DPD Colorimetric Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2000. Standard Methods Online (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org).

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2000b. Standard Method 5310 C-00, Total Organic Carbon (TOC)—Persulfate-Ultraviolet or Heated Persulfate Oxidation Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee 2000. Standard Methods Online (Available at http://www.standardmethods.org).

ASTM International. 1995. ASTM D 1125-95 A. Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2002a. ASTM D 1688-02 A, C. Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2002b. ASTM D 3697-02. Standard Test Method for Antimony in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2003a. ASTM D 1253-03. Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2003b. ASTM D 511-03 A, B. Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2012a. ASTM D 1688-12 A, C. Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2012b. ASTM D 3697-12. Standard Test Method for Antimony in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2014a. ASTM D 1253-14. Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2014b. ASTM D 1125-14 A. Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

ASTM International. 2014c. ASTM D 511-14 A, B. Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. (Available at http://www.astm.org.)

Hach Company. 2000. Hach FilterTrak Method 10133—Determination of Turbidity by Laser Nephelometry. January 2000. Revision 2.0. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2014. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 10258—Measurement of Turbidity in Drinking Water by 360 Degree Nephelometry. December 2014. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2015a. Hach Method 10241—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Free Chlorine (Cl2) in Finished Drinking Water. November 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2015b. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 10241—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Free Chlorine in Drinking Water. November 2015. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2015c. Hach Method 8026—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water. December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2015d. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 8026—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Drinking Water. November 2015. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2015e. Hach Method 10261—Total Organic Carbon in Finished Drinking Water by Catalyzed Ozone Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation Infrared Analysis. December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2015f. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 10261—Total Organic Carbon in Finished Drinking Water by Catalyzed Ozone Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation Infrared Analysis. December 2015. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2015g. Hach Method 10267—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in Finished Drinking Water. December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2015h. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 10267—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in Finished Drinking Water. December 2015. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado Start Printed Page 4684480539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2015i. Hach Method 10272—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water. December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Hach Company. 2015j. Validation Study Report for Hach Method 10272—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water. December 2015. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Hach Company. 2016. Hach Method 10258—Determination of Turbidity by 360° Nephelometry. January 2016. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

Mitchell, L. and Mitchell, P. 2009. Mitchell Method M5331—Determination of Turbidity by LED Nephelometry. March 2009. Revision 1.1. Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Drive, Grand Junction, CO 81507. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Mitchell, L. 2015. Mitchell ATP Submission with Justification for Revision to Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1. September 2015. Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Drive, Grand Junction, CO 81507. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Mitchell, L. and Mitchell, P. 2016. Mitchell Method M5331—Determination of Turbidity by LED or Laser Nephelometry. February 2016. Revision 1.2. Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Drive, Grand Junction, CO 81507. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Nitrate Elimination Company, Inc. (NECi). 2016a. Method for Nitrate Reductase Nitrate-Nitrogen Analysis of Drinking Water. February 2016. Version 1.0. Revision 2.0. Superior Enzymes, Inc., 334 Hecla Street, Lake Linden, Michigan 49945. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Nitrate Elimination Company, Inc. (NECi). 2016b. Validation Study Report for NECi Nitrate-Reductase Nitrate plus Nitrite Nitrogen Method. January 2016. Superior Enzymes, Inc., 334 Hecla Street, Lake Linden, Michigan 49945. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Smith, G. 2015. Memo to the record describing basis for expedited approval of updated methods from ASTM International. December 30, 2015.

Thermo Fisher. 2016a. Thermo Fisher Scientific Drinking Water Orthophosphate Method for Thermo Scientific Gallery Discrete Analyzer. February 2016. Revision 5. Thermo Fisher Scientific, Ratastie 2, 01620 Vantaa, Finland. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

Thermo Fisher. 2016b. Validation Study Report for Thermo Fisher Orthophosphate Discrete Analyzer Method. February 2016. Thermo Fisher Scientific, Ratastie 2, 01620 Vantaa, Finland. (Available at http://www.regulations.gov;​ docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OW-2016-0281.)

USEPA. 1993a. EPA Method 353.2. Revision 2.0, “Determination of Nitrate-Nitrite Nitrogen by Automated Colorimetry,” August 1993. (Available at https://www.nemi.gov.)

USEPA. 1993b. EPA Method 180.1. Revision 2.0, “Determination of Turbidity by Nephelometry,” August 1993. (Available at https://www.nemi.gov.)

USEPA. 1994. EPA Method 200.7. Revision 4.4, “Determination of Metals and Trace Elements in Water and Wastes by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry,” May 1994. (Available at https://www.nemi.gov.)

USEPA. 2009. Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures, 74 FR 38348, August 3, 2009.

Wendelken and Smith. 2016. Memo to record describing basis for expedited approval of Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.2. February 24, 2016.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 141

  • Environmental protection
  • Chemicals
  • Indians-lands
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Water supply
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: July 7, 2016.

Peter Grevatt,

Director, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water.

End Signature

For the reasons stated in the preamble, 40 CFR part 141 is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 141—NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 141 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 300f, 300g-1, 300g-2, 300g-3, 300g-4, 300g-5, 300g-6, 300j-4, 300j-9, and 300j-11.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Appendix A to subpart c of part 141 is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. By revising entries for “Antimony,” “Calcium,” “Copper,” “Conductivity,” “Magnesium,” “Nitrate,” “Nitrite,” and “Orthophosphate,” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1).”

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. By revising the entry for “Turbidity” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR CONTAMINANTS LISTED AT 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1).”

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. By revising entries for “Free Chlorine” and “Total Chlorine” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR DISINFECTANT RESIDUALS LISTED AT 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2).”

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

d. By revising the entries for “Free Chlorine”, “Combined Chlorine,” and “Total Chlorine” in the table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR DISINFECTANT RESIDUALS LISTED AT 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1).”

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

e. By revising the entire table entitled “ALTERNATIVE TESTING METHODS FOR PARAMETERS LISTED AT 40 CFR 141.131(d).”

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

f. By revising footnotes 2, 9, 14, 16, 18, 19, 24-27, 29, and 33.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

g. By adding footnotes 34-42 to the table.

End Amendment Part

The revisions and additions read as follows:

Start Appendix

Appendix A to Subpart C of Part 141—Alternative Testing Methods Approved for Analyses Under the Safe Drinking Water Act

* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.23(k)(1)

ContaminantMethodologyEPA methodSM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3ASTM 4Other
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
AntimonyHydride-Atomic AbsorptionD 3697-07, -12
Atomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10
Start Printed Page 46845
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2.2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CalciumEDTA Titrimetric3500-Ca B3500-Ca BD 511-09, -14 A
Atomic Absorption; Direct Aspiration3111 B3111 BD 511-90, -14 B
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2.2
Ion ChromatographyD 6919-09
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CopperAtomic Absorption; Furnace3113 B3113 B3113 B-04, B-10D 1688-07, -12 C
Atomic Absorption; Direct Aspiration3111 B3111 BD 1688-07, -12 A
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2.2
ColorimetricHach Method 8026 35 Hach Method 10272.36
ConductivityConductance2510 B2510 BD 1125-14 A
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MagnesiumAtomic Absorption3111 B3111 BD 511-09, −14 B
Inductively Coupled Plasma3120 B3120 B
Complexation Titrimetric Methods3500-Mg B3500-Mg BD 511-09, -14 A
Axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (AVICP-AES)200.5, Revision 4.2.2
Ion ChromatographyD 6919-09
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
NitrateIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Automated Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3- F4500-NO3- F
Manual Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3- E4500-NO3- E
Ion Selective Electrode4500-NO3- D4500-NO3- D
Reduction/ColorimetricSystea Easy (1-Reagent) 8 NECi Nitrate-Reductase.40
Colorimetric; DirectHach TNTplus TM 835/836 Method 10206.23
NitriteIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Automated Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3- F4500-NO3- F
Manual Cadmium Reduction4500-NO3- E4500-NO3- E
Spectrophotometric4500-NO2- B4500-NO2- B
Reduction/ColorimetricSystea Easy (1-Reagent) 8 NECi Nitrate-Reductase.40
OrthophosphateIon Chromatography4110 B4110 BD 4327-11
Colorimetric, ascorbic acid, single reagent4500-P E4500-P E4500-P E-99
Colorimetric, Automated, Ascorbic Acid4500-P F4500-P F4500-P F-99Thermo-Fisher Discrete Analyzer.41
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
Start Printed Page 46846

Alternative Testing Methods for Contaminants Listed at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(1)

OrganismMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3Other
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
TurbidityNephelometric Method2130 B2130 B
Laser Nephelometry (on-line)Mitchell M5271,10 Mitchell M5331, Rev. 1.2.42
LED Nephelometry (on-line)Mitchell M5331,11 Mitchell M5331, Rev. 1.2.42
LED Nephelometry (on-line)AMI Turbiwell.15
LED Nephelometry (portable)Orion AQ4500.12
360° NephelometryHach Method 10258.39

Alternative Testing Methods for Disinfectant Residuals Listed at 40 CFR 141.74(a)(2)

ResidualMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28ASTM 4Other
Free ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08, −14
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Syringaldazine (FACTS)4500-Cl H4500-Cl H
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
Indophenol ColorimetricHach Method 10241.34
Total ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08, −14
Amperometric Titration (Low level measurement)4500-Cl E4500-Cl E
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Iodometric Electrode4500-Cl I4500-Cl I
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

Alternative Testing Methods for Disinfectant Residuals Listed at 40 CFR 141.131(c)(1)

ResidualMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28ASTM 4Other
Free ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08, −14
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Syringaldazine (FACTS)4500-Cl H4500-Cl H
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
Indophenol ColorimetricHach Method 10241.34
Combined ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08, −14
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Total ChlorineAmperometric Titration4500-Cl D4500-Cl DD 1253-08, −14
Low level Amperometric Titration4500-Cl E4500-Cl E
DPD Ferrous Titrimetric4500-Cl F4500-Cl F
DPD Colorimetric4500-Cl G4500-Cl GHach Method 10260.31
Iodometric Electrode4500-Cl I4500-Cl I
Amperometric SensorChloroSense.17
On-line Chlorine AnalyzerEPA 334.0.16
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
Start Printed Page 46847

Alternative Testing Methods for Parameters Listed at 40 CFR 141.131(d)

ParameterMethodologySM 21st Edition 1SM 22nd Edition 28SM Online 3EPAOther
Total Organic Carbon (TOC)High Temperature Combustion5310 B5310 B415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Persulfate-Ultraviolet or Heated Persulfate Oxidation5310 C5310 C415.3, Rev 1.2 19Hach Method 10267.38
Wet Oxidation5310 D5310 D415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Ozone OxidationHach Method 10261.37
Specific Ultraviolet Absorbance (SUVA)Calculation using DOC and UV254 data415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC)High Temperature Combustion5310 B5310 B415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Persulfate-Ultraviolet or Heated Persulfate Oxidation5310 C5310 C415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Wet Oxidation5310 D5310 D415.3, Rev 1.2.19
Ultraviolet absorption at 254 nm (UV254)Spectrophotometry5910 B5910 B5910 B-11415.3, Rev 1.2.19
* * * * *
End Appendix

1Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 21st edition (2005). Available from American Public Health Association, 800 I Street, NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.

2 EPA Method 200.5, Revision 4.2. “Determination of Trace Elements in Drinking Water by Axially Viewed Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry.” 2003. EPA/600/R-06/115. (Available at http://www.epa.gov/​water-research/​epa-drinking-water-research-methods.)

3 Standard Methods Online are available at http://www.standardmethods.org. The year in which each method was approved by the Standard Methods Committee is designated by the last two digits in the method number. The methods listed are the only online versions that may be used.

4 Available from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 or http://astm.org. The methods listed are the only alternative versions that may be used.

* * * * *

8 Systea Easy (1-Reagent). “Systea Easy (1-Reagent) Nitrate Method,” February 4, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Systea Scientific, LLC., 900 Jorie Blvd., Suite 35, Oak Brook, IL 60523.

9 EPA Method 524.3, Version 1.0. “Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry,” June 2009. EPA 815-B-09-009. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815B09009”.

10 Mitchell Method M5271, Revision 1.1. “Determination of Turbidity by Laser Nephelometry,” March 5, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81507.

11 Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.1. “Determination of Turbidity by LED Nephelometry,” March 5, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81507.

12 Orion Method AQ4500, Revision 1.0. “Determination of Turbidity by LED Nephelometry,” May 8, 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Thermo Scientific, 166 Cummings Center, Beverly, MA 01915, http://www.thermo.com.

* * * * *

14 EPA Method 557. “Determination of Haloacetic Acids, Bromate, and Dalapon in Drinking Water by Ion Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS),” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-012. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815B09012”.

15 AMI Turbiwell, “Continuous Measurement of Turbidity Using a SWAN AMI Turbiwell Turbidimeter,” August 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Markus Bernasconi, SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG, Studbachstrasse 13, CH-8340 Hinwil, Switzerland.

16 EPA Method 334.0. “Determination of Residual Chlorine in Drinking Water Using an On-line Chlorine Analyzer,” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-013. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815B09013”.

17 ChloroSense. “Measurement of Free and Total Chlorine in Drinking Water by Palintest ChloroSense,” August 2009. Available at https://www.nemi.gov or from Palintest Ltd, 1455 Jamike Avenue (Suite 100), Erlanger, KY 41018.

18 EPA Method 302.0. “Determination of Bromate in Drinking Water using Two-Dimensional Ion Chromatography with Suppressed Conductivity Detection,” September 2009. EPA 815-B-09-014. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815B09014”.

19 EPA 415.3, Revision 1.2. “Determination of Total Organic Carbon and Specific UV Absorbance at 254 nm in Source Water and Drinking Water,” September 2009. EPA/600/R-09/122. Available at http://www.epa.gov/​water-research/​epa-drinking-water-research-methods.

* * * * *

23 Hach Company. “Hach Company TNTplus TM 835/836 Nitrate Method 10206—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Nitrate in Water and Wastewater,” January 2011. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, Colorado 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

24 EPA Method 525.3. “Determination of Semivolatile Organic Chemicals in Drinking Water by Solid Phase Extraction and Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS),” February 2012. EPA/600/R-12/010. Available at http://www.epa.gov/​water-research/​epa-drinking-water-research-methods.

25 EPA Method 536. “Determination of Triazine Pesticides and their Degradates in Drinking Water by Liquid Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS),” October 2007. EPA 815-B-07-002. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815B07002”.

26 EPA Method 523. “Determination of Triazine Pesticides and their Degradates in Drinking Water by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS),” February 2011. EPA 815-R-11-002. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815R11002”.

27 EPA Method 1623.1. “Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Water by Filtration/IMS/FA,” 2012. EPA-816-R-12-001. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “816R12001”.

28Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd edition (2012). Available from American Public Health Association, 800 I Street, NW., Washington, DC 20001-3710.

29 EPA Method 524.4, Version 1.0. “Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry using Nitrogen Purge Gas,” May 2013. EPA 815-R-13-002. Available at the National Service Center for Environmental Publications (www.epa.gov/​nscep). Search “815R13002”.

* * * * *

31 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10260—Determination of Chlorinated Oxidants (Free and Total) in Water Using Disposable Planar Reagent-filled Cuvettes and Mesofluidic Channel Colorimetry,” April 2013. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

33 Tecta EC/TC. “TechtaTM EC/TC Medium and TechtaTM Instrument: A Presence/Absence Method for the Simultaneous Detection of Total Coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Drinking Water,” version 1.0, May 2014. Available from Veolia Water Solutions and Technologies, Suite 4697, Start Printed Page 46848Biosciences Complex, 116 Barrie Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6.

34 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10241—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Free Chlorine (Cl2) in Finished Drinking Water,” November 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

35 Hach Company. “Hach Method 8026—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water,” December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

36 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10272—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Copper in Finished Drinking Water,” December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

37 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10261—Total Organic Carbon in Finished Drinking Water by Catalyzed Ozone Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation Infrared Analysis,” December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

38 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10267—Spectrophotometric Measurement of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in Finished Drinking Water,” December 2015. Revision 1.2. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

39 Hach Company. “Hach Method 10258—Determination of Turbidity by 360° Nephelometry,” January 2016. 5600 Lindbergh Drive, P.O. Box 389, Loveland, CO 80539. (Available at http://www.hach.com.)

40 Nitrate Elimination Company, Inc. (NECi). “Method for Nitrate Reductase Nitrate-Nitrogen Analysis of Drinking Water,” February 2016. Superior Enzymes, Inc., 334 Hecla Street, Lake Linden, Michigan 49945.

41 Thermo Fisher. “Thermo Fisher Scientific Drinking Water Orthophosphate Method for Thermo Scientific Gallery Discrete Analyzer,” February 2016. Revision 5. Thermo Fisher Scientific, Ratastie 2, 01620 Vantaa, Finland.

42 Mitchell Method M5331, Revision 1.2. “Determination of Turbidity by LED or Laser Nephelometry,” February 2016. Available from Leck Mitchell, Ph.D., PE, 656 Independence Valley Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81507.

End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2016-16516 Filed 7-18-16; 8:45 am]

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