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Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Amending the Formats of the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants

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Start Preamble Start Printed Page 51550

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, amend the format of the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (Lists) to reflect current practices and standards that will make the regulations and Lists easier to understand. The Lists, in the new format, are included in their entirety and have been updated to correct identified errors.

DATES:

This rule is effective August 4, 2016.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Don Morgan, Ecological Services Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041; telephone 703-358-2171. If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 800-877-8339.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (Lists), found in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 for wildlife and 50 CFR 17.12 for plants, contain the names of endangered species and threatened species officially listed pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq., (ESA)). The most recent compilation of Lists appeared in the 2015 edition of title 50 CFR, which was issued in early 2016. That compilation included regulatory amendments effective as of October 1, 2015.

The species were placed on the Lists as the result of rulemaking promulgated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or by both agencies via joint rulemaking actions. References to “Services” in the text of §§ 17.11 and 17.12 refer to both of these agencies.

The Lists represent the official Federal Government record of which species are listed and where they are considered listed under the ESA. The Lists also contain information regarding other designations and regulations issued under specific provisions of the ESA, such as section 4(d) regarding threatened species, section 10(j) regarding experimental populations, and critical habitat.

Over time, we have noted numerous unintentional errors, ambiguous entries, and confusing format and column titles in the Lists. After detailed research on the origin, history, and purpose of the Lists, we determined that the format, references, and standards needed to be updated to better reflect current practices and standards. Consequently, we published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on August 5, 2008, to address these observed problems and make corrections to enhance the clarity of the Lists (73 FR 45383). In the rule portion of this document, we set forth the corrected Lists in entirety in the new format.

Summary of Changes From Proposed Rule

The following adjustments have been made which are different from the proposed document. We have decreased the total columns to 5 instead of 8 for both Lists by removing the “Historical range” columns, and combining the “When listed”, “Critical habitat” and “Special rules” columns.

History of the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Species

The first endangered species list was published March 11, 1967 (32 FR 4001), pursuant to the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966, and included only two columns, Common Name and Scientific Name. In 1970, after passage of the Endangered Species Conservation Act in 1969, that list was added to title 50 CFR in the newly created part 17. In 1971, that list was divided into two separate lists with appendix A being the “U.S. List of Endangered Foreign Fish and Wildlife” with three columns (Common Name, Scientific Name, and Where Found) and appendix D being the “United States' List of Endangered Native Fish and Wildlife” with only the original two columns (Common Name and Scientific Name).

In 1974, after enactment of the ESA, the two appendices were moved to § 17.11 and § 17.12, with appendix A becoming § 17.11 (Foreign) and appendix D becoming § 17.12 (Native). In 1975, the two lists were combined into one list at § 17.11 (Wildlife), and the columns were expanded from three to eight (Common Name, Scientific Name, Population, Known Distribution, Portion of Range Where Endangered or Threatened, Status, When Listed, and Special Rules). See figure 1, below. The footnote system denoting “When Listed” found in the current CFR was created with 11 footnotes. Section 17.12 was reserved for “Endangered and Threatened Plants”.

Figure 1—Format for the ESA List for Wildlife in the 1975 Version of 50 CFR 17.11

SpeciesPopulationRangeStatusWhen listedSpecial rules
Common nameScientific nameKnown distributionPortion of range where endangered or threatened

In 1977, § 17.12 was populated with only seven columns (Common Name, Scientific Name, Known Distribution, Portion of Range Where Threatened or Endangered, Status, When Listed, and Special Rules). See figure 2, below. The § 17.12 List had its own footnote system, which was only one footnote at that time.Start Printed Page 51551

Figure 2—Format for the ESA List for Plants in the 1977 Version of 50 CFR 17.12

SpeciesRangeStatusWhen listedSpecial rules
Common nameScientific nameKnown distributionPortion of range where threatened or endangered

In 1980, the Lists underwent the last major formatting change prior to this current rulemaking action. A proposed rule was published on August 15, 1979 (44 FR 47862), proposing to include the following columns for § 17.11 (Wildlife): Common name, Scientific name, Historic range, Population where endangered or threatened, Status, When listed, Critical habitat, and Special rules; and the following columns for § 17.12 (Plants): Scientific name, Common name, Historic range, Status, When listed, Critical habitat, and Special rules. A final rule that published on February 27, 1980 (45 FR 13010), set forth the following columns for § 17.11: Common name, Scientific name, Historic range, Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened, Status, When listed, Critical habitat, and Special rules. The final rule adopted the columns for § 17.12 as they had appeared in the proposed rule. See figures 3 and 4.

Figure 3—Format for the ESA List for Wildlife in the 1980 Version of 50 CFR 17.11

SpeciesHistoric rangeVertebrate population where endangered or threatenedStatusWhen listedCritical habitatSpecial rules
Common nameScientific name

Figure 4—Format for the ESA List for Plants in the 1980 Version of 50 CFR 17.12

SpeciesHistoric RangeStatusWhen listedCritical habitatSpecial rules
Common nameScientific name

Neither the August 1979 proposed rule nor the February 1980 final rule included the entire contents of the Lists. The Lists in their entirety were published in the new format with corrections to technical errors on May 20, 1980 (45 FR 33767). On September 30, 1994 (59 FR 49848), the family grouping of the plants, which had resided in the scientific name column, was moved to a new column named “Family.” See figure 5.

Figure 5—Format for the ESA List for Plants in the 1994 Version of 50 CFR 17.12

SpeciesHistoric rangeFamilyStatusWhen listedCritical habitatSpecial rules
Common nameScientific name

Rule Purpose

Through this rulemaking, we are changing the format of the Lists to include current practices and standards, thereby ensuring that the regulations and Lists are easy for the public to understand. We are also standardizing entries and correcting numerous errors and ambiguous entries. Technical corrections in this rulemaking include updating or correcting footnotes, references to certain other applicable portions of title 50 CFR, synonyms, and the spelling of species' names. We also provide more current common names. Textual descriptions of the List format, such as the meaning of the column titles, are included within these changes to the regulations at §§ 17.11 and 17.12. None of the changes are regulatory in nature with respect to the entities on the List; these changes are for the purpose of clarity. These revisions do not alter species' protections or status in any way. Such actions would require separate rulemaking actions following the procedures of 50 CFR part 424.

Renaming and Reorganizing the Lists' Columns

With this rule, we are renaming, reorganizing, and removing columns in the Lists to clarify the types of information being presented. The following paragraphs describe the new columns.

Changing “When Listed” to “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules”

For both Lists, we are replacing the column heading “When listed” with “Listing citations and applicable rules.” This column currently contains footnote numbers referencing a table of citations for final listing rules. When we proposed the changes to the format of the Lists in 1979 that instituted this footnote system, the Lists contained only 44 footnotes. The Lists now have more than 800 footnotes, and, consequently, the footnote system has become hard for us to manage and for the public to use. To correct this situation, we are replacing the footnote numbers that currently populate this column with the actual Federal Register citation (volume and document starting page number) and publication date of the listing rule and other applicable rulemaking actions. We are also correcting any errors contained in the previous footnotes or referenced citations. For example, some existing footnotes included the wrong date, wrong page numbers, or were missing a citation reference. Please note that all the referenced citations are available through the Services' Web sites for each listed species (http://www.fws.gov/​Start Printed Page 51552endangered/​ and http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/​pr/​species/​esa/​listed.htm).

Moving “Critical Habitat” and “Special Rules” Entries Into New “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” Column

These columns provide the citations for pertinent regulations for the listed species and were created solely for the convenience of the public. To consolidate these purely navigational columns, we are combining the “Special rules,” “Critical habitat,” and “When listed” columns into the renamed “Listing citations and applicable rules” column. Superscripts utilized in this column are identified in the revised regulatory text at §§ 17.11(f)(1) and 17.12(f)(1). For additional information concerning these entries and downloadable maps of proposed and designated critical habitat, please visit the Services' Web sites (http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​ and http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/​pr/​species/​esa/​listed.htm).

Changing “Vertebrate Population Where Endangered or Threatened” and “Family” to “Where Listed”

We originally published the entries for invertebrate species indicating “not applicable” (shown as “NA”) in the column “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” because that column applied only to distinct population segments of vertebrate species. In the October 1, 2000, edition of the CFR, in the Lists found at § 17.11(h), all of the entries for invertebrate species within the column “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” were erroneously changed to “Entire.” While it is generally true that the invertebrate species are listed wherever found thus, throughout their entire range, except where listed as experimental populations, it is more accurate to state that this column is not applicable since it pertains to vertebrate populations. The error was purely editorial; it in no way changed any of the applicable provisions of law. As indicated in the prior regulations at § 17.11(e), all individuals of the invertebrate species are protected wherever found, regardless of whether “NA” or “Entire” appeared in the column. However, amendments to the Act in 1982 included the addition of section 10(j) which allows for the designation of reintroduced populations of listed species as “experimental populations.” Under section 10(j) of the Act and our regulations at 50 CFR 17.81, the Service may designate as an experimental population a population of endangered or threatened species that has been or will be released into suitable natural habitat outside the species' current natural range. The format of the Lists published in 1980, prior to the 1982 amendments, did not envision this change and therefore did not provide specifically for indicating experimental population designations. When the Service published regulations regarding experimental population at 50 CFR 17.80 (49 FR 33885, August 27, 1984), we stated that experimental population designations would be indicated by a separate line in the Lists at §§ 17.11 and 17.12. Thus, the location information for experimental population designations of listed species began to be placed in the column originally intended to indicate species listed as distinct population segments of vertebrate species. Additionally, as the Service began to expand our use of section 10(j) in recovery of listed species, we also included location information for experimental population designations of invertebrate species, causing an inconsistency between the column's title and its application.

To address these issues, for the wildlife list (§ 17.11(h)) only, we are replacing the column heading “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” with “Where listed,” to more broadly accommodate the information regarding the geographic specificity of both distinct population segments of vertebrate species and experimental population designations. Thus, the new name “Where listed” better reflects the data within the column. We are also changing all the current “NA” entries to “Wherever found” to reflect the change in the column title. All current entries that have the word “Entire” will be changed to “Wherever found” to standardize all entries to the same format. And, lastly, we will no longer use the “ditto” system (shown as “do” in the current tables) to indicate duplicative information.

For the plants list (§ 17.12(h)), we are replacing the “Family” column with a “Where listed” column to standardize both Lists to identical columns and structure. We are also populating each entry for that column with “Wherever found” because the ESA protection for all of the plants currently on the list applies to all individuals of a plant species wherever found. Future additions to the list may have a more limited entry under the “Where listed” column if experimental populations of plant species are designated. Including the “Where listed” column in the List of plants facilitates our ability to provide more specific information in the future, if applicable. While we are no longer including a plant species' taxonomic family in order to standardize the format between the Lists, information regarding a species taxonomy is readily available through links provided on our species profile pages. A link to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), which displays the taxonomic hierarchy of a species, including its family name, is provided on each species' profile page accessible through the Services' Web sites (http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​ and http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/​pr/​species/​esa/​listed.htm) or information is available directly through the ITIS. (These amendments to the Lists are editorial in nature and involve no substantive changes to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife found at 50 CFR 17.11(h) or the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants found at 50 CFR 17.12(h), nor to any applicable regulations. While we have changed the name of the column to better reflect its current content, we do not intend to change the use of this column. Unless the column is used to define a distinct population segment of a vertebrate species or an experimental population designation of any taxa, the entry in this column will be “Wherever found,” indicating that the protections of the Act will apply to all individuals of the species wherever found.

Adding ESU and DPS Subtitles to “Common Name”

The ESA defines “species” to include any “distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate fish or wildlife which interbreeds when mature.” (16 U.S.C. 1532(16)). NMFS's Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) policy (56 FR 58612, November 20, 1991) defines how it will apply this definition of “species” in evaluating Pacific salmon stocks for listing under the ESA. The Services' interagency Policy Regarding the Recognition of Distinct Vertebrate Population Segments (DPS) (61 FR 4721, February 7, 1996) clarifies their interpretation of the phrase “distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate fish or wildlife” for the purpose of listing, delisting, and reclassifying species under the ESA. Currently, the “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” column distinguishes the different ESU and DPS entries for the same species by describing the geographic area where it is found, but without providing a name for the population or indicating it is an ESU or DPS listing. We are adding the ESU or DPS subtitle to the Common Start Printed Page 51553Name column in brackets to clarify when it is an ESU or DPS listing.

Removing Historic Range Columns

The “Historic range” column is not required by the ESA (see section 4(c)(1)) and is part of the “other data in the list” currently referenced in 50 CFR 17.11(d) and 17.12(d) as “nonregulatory in nature” and “provided for the information of the reader.” However, since its creation in 1980, it has been a source of contention and confusion, leading to questions of how it is defined; its regulatory use; what time period it represents; and should it instead be changed to “Historical Range”. These and similar concerns were raised in the 1980 reformat (see 45 FR 13011, February 27, 1980), for which the Services took the following position regarding suggestions for specific criteria to define this column: “In light of this broad diversity and the guidance of both the Act and the legislative history, the Services find it inadvisable to establish new criteria as suggested. The Services will continue to consider this issue, however, and will propose criteria at a later date, if warranted.” Given prior concerns regarding this column in the 1980 reformat and continued long-standing confusion regarding its use and meaning, we revisited this issue in making our final determination on this action. The Services have consistently indicated that information provided regarding historic range is purely informational and does not alter or imply any limitation on the application of the prohibitions in the Act or implementing rules. Additionally, historic range information often only represented the Service's best approximation of historic range based on the scientific literature, given that past range was not always well or thoroughly documented for many species. We also indicated that only the columns entitled “Common Name,” “Scientific Name,” and “Vertebrate Population Where Endangered or Threatened” define the species of wildlife for purposes of implementing the Act. Despite this, the column “Historic range” column continued to be a point of confusion with regard to where protections of the Act apply to a species. Based on concerns raised by commenters on the 2008 proposed rule (See “Summary of Comments Received”) and to help alleviate confusion to the public, the Services have decided to remove the “Historic range” column from both tables. However, to provide further clarification regarding where protections of the Act apply, we state in our revised §§ 17.11(d) and 17.12(d) that unless the new “where listed” column indicates a distinct population segment of a vertebrate species, or an experimental population, prohibitions of the Act apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found. Please note that the general information regarding the historic range of a species, as previously provided in this column, is discussed in listing determinations and is available in the listing rule documents provided in the “Listing citations and applicable rules” column. See figures 6 and 7 for the new format of the tables.

Figure 6—New Format for the ESA List for Wildlife (Column Headings) in 50 CFR 17.11

Common nameScientific nameWhere listedStatusListing citations and applicable rules

Figure 7—New Format for the ESA List for Plants (Column Headings) in 50 CFR 17.12

Scientific nameCommon nameWhere listedStatusListing citations and applicable rules

Updating Standards for Scientific Nomenclature References

For species' nomenclature (scientific and common names), we are changing the primary source upon which we rely. The current text introducing the lists in §§ 17.11 and 17.12 references two standards for scientific nomenclature: The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Respectfully, instead of referencing those International Codes, the Service now relies, to the extent practicable, on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), which incorporates both of the International Code standards and the standard references adopted for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

ITIS is an authoritative taxonomic database (http://www.itis.gov) maintained by a partnership of U.S., Canadian, and Mexican agencies; other organizations; and taxonomic specialists. The U.S. partners include the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce; the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Park Service of the Department of the Interior; the Environmental Protection Agency; the Agricultural Research Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service of the Department of Agriculture; the Smithsonian Institution; and NatureServe (a nonprofit organization representing the Natural Heritage programs in the States).

CITES is an international convention among 182 signatory countries (Parties) to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival (50 CFR part 23). The CITES Parties have adopted standard nomenclatural and taxonomic references for species included in the CITES Appendices, which are listed in the most recent CITES resolution on standard nomenclature. (http://www.cites.org/​eng/​res/​index.shtml)

Removing Unnecessary Examples, Updating Regulations, and Removing Entries Pursuant to Court Order

Upon review of the regulations connected to the Lists, we noted that § 17.50 had three examples that were pre-1980 table format. Rather than update them to the new format, we determined that these examples are not necessary and are, therefore, removing them. We have also determined that the introductory paragraph of § 17.52 should read as set forth in the rule portion of this document to provide more specific cross-references within part 17. The revised language specifies the sections in part 17 that may include language that differs from the provisions in § 17.52. These changes to the regulations are nonsubstantive.Start Printed Page 51554

Additionally, in 50 CFR 17.11(h), the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife, we are removing the Beringia DPS of the bearded seal to comply with the U.S. District Court for the District of Alaska's decision vacating the December 28, 2012, final rule by NMFS that listed the Beringia DPS of the Erignathus barbatus nauticus subspecies of the bearded seal as a threatened species (77 FR 76740) (Alaska Oil & Gas Ass'n v. Pritzker, 4:13-cv-00018-RRB, 2014 WL 3726121, 2014 U.S. Dist. Lexis 101446 (D. Alaska July 25, 2014), appeal docketed, No. 14-35806 (9th Cir. 2014)). NMFS has appealed the district court's decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, but as a result of the court decision the species is not currently listed. Depending on the outcome of that litigation, we may issue a technical rule to reinstate the listing.

We are removing the Arctic subspecies of the ringed seal to comply with the U.S. District Court for the District of Alaska's decision vacating the December 28, 2012, final rule by NMFS that listed the Arctic subspecies of the ringed seal, Phoca hispida hispida, as a threatened species (77 FR 76706) (Alaska Oil & Gas Ass'n v. NMFS, 4:14-cv-00029-RRB, 2016 WL 1125744, 2016 U.S. Dist. Lexis 34848 (D. Alaska Mar. 17, 2016), appeal docketed, No. 16-35380 (9th Cir. 2016)). NMFS has appealed the district court's decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, but as a result of the court decision the species is not currently listed. Depending on the outcome of that litigation, we may issue a technical rule to reinstate the listing.

We are removing slickspot peppergrass from the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants to comply with the decision of the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho (Otter v. Salazar, Case No. 1:11-cv-358-CWD, 2012 U.S. Dist. Lexis 111743 (D. Idaho Aug. 8, 2012)) vacating the previous listing rule (74 FR 52014; October 8, 2009). The Service has already proposed to reinstate the listing (79 FR 8416; February 12, 2014) and will make a final determination shortly. This is a clerical change to comply with a court order, and not a final listing determination on the outstanding new proposal to list.

Summary of Comments Received

In our proposed rule (73 FR 45383, August 5, 2008), we requested that all interested parties submit information, data, and comments regarding the format of the Lists. The comment period ended September 4, 2008. During the 30-day comment period, we received a total of 14 comments, of which we consider 8 to be substantive. The following paragraphs discuss the comments received.

Solicitor's Opinion and “Where Listed”

Several commenters were concerned that changing the “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” and “Family” columns to “Where listed” would allow for applying the protections of the Act to only limited geographic areas of a species' range. Commenters expressed concern that the proposed rule was an attempt to codify the March 16, 2007, opinion of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior regarding “The Meaning of `In Danger of Extinction Throughout All or a Significant Portion of the Range',” which would have allowed in some cases applying protections to less than all members of the species (i.e., applying protections only to a portion of a species' range). As explained above, the intent of altering the column heading was to better align the column's title and definition with the current use of the column to indicate both distinct population segments of vertebrate species and experimental population designations for all taxa (invertebrates and plants as well as vertebrate species); we did not intend to alter its use. While this rulemaking never attempted to “codify” the 2007 opinion of the Solicitor, we believe the underlying concerns of the commenters have nevertheless been resolved by subsequent developments. Two district court decisions have addressed whether the ESA's language allows the Services to list or protect less than all members of a defined species: Defenders of Wildlife v. Salazar, 729 F. Supp. 2d 1207 (D. Mont. 2010), concerning FWS's delisting of the Northern Rocky Mountain gray wolf (74 FR 15123, Apr. 12, 2009); and WildEarth Guardians v. Salazar, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105253 (D. Ariz. Sept. 30, 2010), concerning the Service's 2008 finding on a petition to list the Gunnison's prairie dog (73 FR 6660, Feb. 5, 2008). The courts concluded that reading the ESA's language to allow protecting only a portion of a species' range is inconsistent with the definition of “species,” which forecloses listing any population that does not qualify as a taxonomic species, subspecies, or DPS. These two decisions held that the “significant portion of its range” language may not be used as a basis for listing less than all members of a species. Rather, the ESA's language requires rangewide listing of species whenever they are endangered or threatened in a significant portion of the range, even if they are healthy in other areas.

On May 4, 2011, the Solicitor of the U.S. Department of the Interior (“Interior”) withdrew the 2007 opinion. On July 1, 2014, the Service published a new policy to clarify the interpretation of the phrase “significant portion of its range” in the ESA as it applies to decisions to list species as threatened or endangered (79 FR 37578). This policy stated that if a species is determined to be neither endangered nor threatened throughout all its range and a subsequent analysis reveals it is endangered or threatened within a significant portion of that range, then the entire species will be listed as an endangered species or threatened species and the Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species wherever found. To address this concern and to further clarify how the “Where listed” column will be used and protections applied, we have added language to §§ 17.11(d) and 17.12(d) to indicate that except when providing a geographic description of a DPS or ESU, or an experimental population designation, “Wherever found” will be used to indicate the Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found.

Historic Range Column

One commenter suggested that the “Historic range” column is not “nonregulatory” nor “for informational purposes only” because it reinforced that a listed species may only receive protections in a portion of its range if it were found to be threatened or endangered in a significant portion of its current range.

Response: We disagree. The “Historic range” column is not required by the ESA (see section 4(c)(1)) and is part of the “other data in the list” currently referenced in 50 CFR 17.11(d) and 17.12(d) as “nonregulatory in nature” and “provided for the information of the reader.” Similar concerns were addressed in the 1980 reformat (see 45 FR 13011, February 27, 1980.). Please note that the general information regarding the historic range of a species, as previously provided in this column, is discussed in listing determinations and is available in the listing rule documents provided in the “Listing citations and applicable rules” column.

Where Listed Column

Several commenters suggested that, by changing “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” to “Where Listed,” the Service was limiting the protection of the listed species.Start Printed Page 51555

Response: We disagree. None of the changes encompassed in this rule are substantive in nature or in any way alter protections for listed species. As noted earlier in this rule, such actions would require separate rulemaking actions following the procedures of 50 CFR part 424. As stated previously, by changing “Vertebrate population where endangered or threatened” to “Where Listed,” the Service is allowing for the inclusion of invertebrate species and invertebrate experimental population entries that have been in the table since 2001. Also, by replacing “endangered or threatened” with “listed,” the Service is allowing for all the statuses recognized by the “Status” column. See §§ 17.11(d) and 17.12(d).

Several commenters also suggested that defining the “Where listed” column as “the geographic area where the species is listed for purposes of the Act” also narrowed the protection of the listed species.

Response: While we understand the concern, this was not our intent. This column is intended only to provide a geographic description for distinct population segments of vertebrate, and invertebrate, vertebrate and plant experimental population designations. We added this column to § 17.12 to allow for indicating plant experimental population designations. Again, as we explain above, except for DPSs and experimental population designations, entries in this column will be “Wherever found.” None of the changes encompassed in this rule are substantive in nature or in any way alter protections for listed species. Such actions would require separate rulemaking actions following the procedures of 50 CFR part 424.

ITIS and CITES

One commenter suggested that relying on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) could pose problems by being more limiting than, and not as comprehensive as, the previous standards, especially for foreign species.

Response: We addressed the adoption of the previous standards in our rule of February 27, 1980 (45 FR 13010, 13012). At that time, we stated that: “In deciding which alternative taxonomic interpretations to accept, the Director will rely on the professional judgment available both within the Service and the scientific community and from the most recent taxonomic studies available pertaining to the subject species. However, no criteria other than these very general ones can be established for acceptance of taxonomic treatments. As a matter of practice, the Services review current taxonomic literature in considering the appropriateness of present and proposed listings. Although professional societies maintain lists of accepted taxa for some taxonomic groups, this is not true of all groups. The Services will rely on the generally accepted lists of taxa when they are available.” This is still the Services' current standard, as indicated in our regulations. See 50 CFR 424.11(a), which states that the Secretary must rely on standard taxonomic distinctions and the biological expertise of the Department and the scientific community in determining whether a particular taxon or population is a species for the purposes of the Act. To the cases where ITIS may not be sufficiently comprehensive, we may consult other sources or experts regarding appropriate taxonomic interpretations.

The Services have determined that ITIS is a reviewer of current taxonomic literature and maintains generally accepted lists of taxa that are determined to be both valid and verified. As such, to the extent practicable, the Services, in combination with the professional judgment available both within the Services and the scientific community (§ 424.11(a)), will utilize ITIS and, for international species not covered by ITIS, the taxonomic nomenclature adopted for use under CITES. In cases where taxonomy is in dispute or there is a newly described taxa that might not be updated in ITIS, we will use our own best professional judgment and the expertise of the scientific community.

Need for Immediate Effective Date

We find good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to make this rule effective upon the date set forth in DATES due to the continual changes being made to the Lists via new rulemaking actions. To ensure that we provide the most accurate and up-to-date information to the public, we must set forth the Lists in their entirety as soon as possible. The public would not be served by a 30-day delay in the effective date, particularly because this rule does not affect any legal rights.

Required Determinations

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rule is not significant.

Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends.

The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this final rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Department of the Interior certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). The changes we are making are intended primarily to update the standards of scientific naming used in the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants and to clarify language in our regulations. These changes will not have a substantive impact on the scope of the regulation, and thus would not affect businesses or other small entities as defined in the RFA.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA)

This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule:

1. Will not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more.

2. Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers; individual industries; Federal, State, or local government agencies; or geographic regions.

3. Will not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

This rule will not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector of more than $100 million per year. This rule will not have a significant or unique effect on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector. Our rule simply reorganizes and clarifies Start Printed Page 51556existing regulations and provides new standard references for species' nomenclature. A statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.

Takings (E.O. 12630)

In accordance with E.O. 12630, this rule will not have significant takings implications. We are only reorganizing and clarifying existing regulations and providing new standard references for species' nomenclature. This action will, therefore, not interfere with constitutionally protected private property rights. A takings implication assessment is not required.

Federalism (E.O. 13132)

In accordance with E.O. 13132, this rule does not have sufficient Federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment. As our rule involves reorganizing and clarifying existing regulations, and providing new standard references for species' nomenclature, we do not expect it will have any effect on State or local governments or their activities. A Federalism Assessment is not required.

Civil Justice Reform (E.O. 12988)

In accordance with E.O. 12988, the Department of the Interior has determined that this rule does not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of the Order.

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA)

This rule does not contain any information collection requirements for which Office of Management and Budget approval is required under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). We may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

National Environmental Policy Act

We have analyzed this rule in accordance with the criteria of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the Department of the Interior Manual. This rule does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. We have determined this rule is categorically excluded under the Department of the Interior's NEPA regulations in 43 CFR 46.210(i). This categorical exclusion addresses policies, directives, regulations, and guidelines that are of an administrative, financial, legal, technical, or procedural nature.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

Under the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), and the Department of the Interior's Manual at 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on federally recognized Indian Tribes and have determined that there are no effects. Our rule will simply reorganize and clarify existing regulations and provide new standards references for species' nomenclature.

Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, and use. This rule revises the formats of the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants and will not significantly affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action, and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Author

Michael Franz, Ecological Services, Headquarters, compiled this document.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17

  • Endangered and threatened species
  • Exports
  • Imports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Transportation
End List of Subjects

Regulation Promulgation

For the reasons set forth in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set forth below:

Start Part

PART 17—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1361-1407; 1531-1544; and 4201-4245, unless otherwise noted.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Revise § 17.11 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Endangered and threatened wildlife.

(a) The list in paragraph (h) of this section contains the wildlife species determined by the Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (hereafter in this section referred to as “the Services”) to be endangered species or threatened species. It also contains the wildlife species treated as endangered species or threatened species because they are similar in appearance to and may be confused with endangered or threatened species (see §§ 17.50 through 17.52). The “Common name,” “Scientific name,” “Where listed,” and “Status” columns provide regulatory information; together, they identify listed wildlife species within the meaning of the Act and describe where they are protected. When a taxon has more than one entry, the “Where listed” or “Status” column will identify its status in each relevant geographic area. The listing of a particular taxon includes all lower taxonomic units.

(b) “Common name” column. Although common names are included, they cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may vary greatly in local usage. In cases where confusion might arise, one or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the “Common name” column. If a species has been listed as an Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) or a Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment (DPS), the ESU or DPS names will be provided in brackets “[ ]” following the common name.

(c) “Scientific name” column. The Services use the most recently accepted scientific name. In cases where confusion might arise, one or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the “Scientific name” column. The Services rely, to the extent practicable, on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) to determine a species' scientific name. ITIS incorporates the naming principles established by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (see paragraph (g) of this section). If the scientific name in ITIS differs from the scientific name adopted for use under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the CITES nomenclature is provided in brackets “[ ]” within the “Scientific name” column following the ITIS nomenclature.

(d) “Where listed” column. The “Where listed” column sets forth the geographic area where the species is listed for purposes of the Act. Except when providing a geographic description of a DPS or ESU, or an experimental population designation, “Wherever found” will be used to indicate the Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found.

(e) “Status” column. Within the “Status” column, the following abbreviations are used:Start Printed Page 51557

AbbreviationRegulatory status the abbreviation represents
EEndangered species.
TThreatened species.
E (S/A)Endangered based on similarity of appearance to an existing listed species.
T (S/A)Threatened based on similarity of appearance to an existing listed species.
XEEssential experimental population (See subpart H of this part).
XNNonessential experimental population (See subpart H of this part).

(f) “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column. The “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column is nonregulatory in nature and is provided for informational and navigational purposes only.

(1) Within the “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column, the following superscripts are used:

SuperscriptDescription of citation or rule
NNMFS listing citation (NMFS Lead).
JBoth FWS and NMFS listing citation (Joint Jurisdiction).
CHCritical habitat rule.
4dSpecies-specific “4(d)” rule (a rule issued under the authority of section 4(d) of the Act).
10jSpecies-specific “10(j)” rule (a rule issued under the authority of section 10(j) of the Act).

(2) Listing citations contain the volume, document starting page number, and publication date of the Federal Register publication(s) in which a species was given status, listed, or reclassified. At least since 1973, these documents have included a statement indicating the basis for the listing, as well as the effective date(s) of the listing or other rules that changed how the species was identified in the List in paragraph (h) of this section.

(3) “Critical habitat” and “Species-specific” rules superscripts provide cross-references to other sections in this part or part 222, 223, or 226 of chapter II of this title where critical habitat and species-specific rules are found. The species-specific superscripts also identify experimental populations. Experimental populations (superscript “10j”) are a separate citation, with one of the following symbols in the “Status” column: “XE” for an essential experimental population and “XN” for a nonessential experimental population.

(4) This column is for reference and navigational purposes only. All other appropriate rules in this part, parts 217 through 226 of chapter II of this title, and part 402 of chapter IV of this title apply, if no species-specific rules are referenced. In addition, other rules in this title could relate to such species (for example, port-of-entry requirements). The references in the “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column do not comprise a comprehensive list of all regulations that the Services might apply to the species or to the regulations of other Federal agencies or State or local governments.

(g) The Services will rely to the extent practicable on ITIS (http://www.itis.gov) and standard references adopted for CITES (http://cites.org).

(h) The “List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife” is provided in the table in this paragraph (h):

Common nameScientific nameWhere listedStatusListing citations and applicable rules
Mammals
AddaxAddax nasomaculatusWherever foundE70 FR 52319; 9/2/2005.
Anoa, lowlandBubalus depressicornisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Anoa, mountainBubalus quarlesiWherever foundE41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976.
Antelope, giant sableHippotragus niger varianiWherever foundE41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976.
Antelope, TibetanPanthalops hodgsoniiWherever foundE71 FR 15620; 3/29/2006.
Argali [All populations except Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan]Ovis ammonWherever found except Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and TajikistanE41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976, 57 FR 28014; 6/23/1992.
Argali [Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan]Ovis ammonKyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and TajikistanT41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976, 57 FR 28014; 6/23/1992, 50 CFR 17.40(j) 4d.
Armadillo, giantPriodontes maximusWherever foundE41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976.
Armadillo, pink fairyChlamyphorus truncatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Ass, African wildEquus africanusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 42 FR 15971; 3/24/1977.
Ass, Asian wildEquus hemionusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
AvahiAvahi laniger (=entire genus)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Aye-ayeDaubentonia madagascariensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
BabirusaBabyrousa babyrussaWherever foundE41 FR 24061; 6/14/1976.
Baboon, geladaTheropithecus geladaWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Bandicoot, barredPerameles bougainvilleWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Bandicoot, desertPerameles eremianaWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Bandicoot, lesser rabbitMacrotis leucuraWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Bandicoot, pig-footedChaeropus ecaudatusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Bandicoot, rabbitMacrotis lagotisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
BantengBos javanicusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bat, Bulmer's fruit (flying fox)Aproteles bulmeraeWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Bat, bumblebeeCraseonycteris thonglongyaiWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Bat, Florida bonnetedEumops floridanusWherever foundE78 FR 61003; 10/2/2013.
Bat, grayMyotis grisescensWherever foundE41 FR 17736; 4/28/1976.
Bat, Hawaiian hoaryLasiurus cinereus semotusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Bat, IndianaMyotis sodalisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Bat, lesser long-nosedLeptonycteris curasoae yerbabuenaeWherever foundE53 FR 38456; 9/30/1988.
Bat, little Mariana fruitPteropus tokudaeWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984.
Fruit Bat, Mariana (=fanihi, Mariana flying fox)Pteropus mariannus mariannusWherever foundT49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984, 70 FR 1190; 1/6/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Bat, Mexican long-nosedLeptonycteris nivalisWherever foundE53 FR 38456; 9/30/1988.
Bat, northern long-earedMyotis septentrionalisWherever foundT80 FR 17973; 4/2/2015, 50 CFR 17.40(o) 4d.
Bat, Ozark big-earedCorynorhinus (=Plecotus) townsendii ingensWherever foundE44 FR 69206; 11/30/1979.
Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed (Mariana subspecies) (Payeyi, Paischeey)Emballonura semicaudata rotensisWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Bat, Rodrigues fruit (flying fox)Pteropus rodricensisWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Bat, Singapore roundleaf horseshoeHipposideros ridleyiWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Bat, Virginia big-earedCorynorhinus (=Plecotus) townsendii virginianusWherever foundE44 FR 69206; 11/30/1979, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Bear, BaluchistanUrsus thibetanus gedrosianusWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Bear, brown [Italy]Ursus arctos arctosItalyE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976, 41 FR 26019; 6/24/1976.
Bear, brownUrsus arctos pruinosusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Start Printed Page 51558
Bear, grizzly [Lower 48 States DPS]Ursus arctos horribilisU.S.A., conterminous (lower 48) States, except where listed as an experimental populationT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 40 FR 31734; 7/28/1975, 72 FR 14866; 3/29/2007, 50 CFR 17.40(b) 4d.
Bear, grizzlyUrsus arctos horribilisU.S.A. (portions of ID and MT, see § 17.84(l))XN70 FR 69854; 11/17/2005, 50 CFR 17.84(l) 10j.
Bear, Mexican grizzlyUrsus arctosMexicoE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bear, polarUrsus maritimusWherever foundT73 FR 28212; 5/15/2008, 50 CFR 17.40(q) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Beaver (Mongolia)Castor fiber birulaiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Bison, woodBison bison athabascaeWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationT35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 77 FR 26191; 5/3/2012.
Bison, woodBison bison athabascaeU.S.A. (Alaska)XN79 FR 26175; 5/7/2014, 50 CFR 17.84(x) 10j.
Bobcat, MexicanLynx (=Felis) rufus escuinapaeWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Bontebok (antelope)Damaliscus pygarus (=dorcas) dorcasWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Camel, BactrianCamelus bactrianusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Caribou, woodland [Southern Selkirk Mountains DPS]Rangifer tarandus caribouCanada (southeastern British Columbia bounded by the Canada-U.S. border, Columbia River, Kootenay River, Kootenay Lake, and Kootenai River), U.S. (ID, WA)E48 FR 1722; 1/14/1983, 48 FR 49245; 10/25/1983, 49 FR 7390; 2/29/1984, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Cat, AndeanFelis jacobitaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, Asian golden (=Temminck's)Catopuma (=Felis) temminckiiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, black-footedFelis nigripesWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, flat-headedPrionailurus (=Felis) planicepsWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, IriomotePrionailurus (=Felis) bengalensis iriomotensisWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Cat, leopardPrionailurus (=Felis) bengalensis bengalensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, marbledPardofelis (=Felis) marmorataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cat, Pakistan sandFelis margarita scheffeliWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Cat, tigerLeopardus (=Felis) tigrinusWherever foundE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
Chamois, ApennineRupicapra rupicapra ornataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
CheetahAcinonyx jubatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
ChimpanzeePan troglodytesWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 55 FR 9129; 3/12/1990, 80 FR 34500; 6/16/2015.
Chimpanzee, pygmyPan paniscusWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 55 FR 9129; 3/12/1990.
ChinchillaChinchilla brevicaudata bolivianaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Civet, Malabar large-spottedViverra civettina (=megaspila c.)Wherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, BactrianCervus elaphus bactrianusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, BarbaryCervus elaphus barbarusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, Calamianes (=Philippine)Axis porcinus calamianensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Deer, Cedros Island muleOdocoileus hemionus cedrosensisWherever foundE40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Deer, Columbian white-tailed [Columbia River DPS]Odocoileus virginianus leucurusColumbia River (Clark, Cowlitz, Pacific, Skamania, and Wahkiakum Counties, WA, and Clatsop, Columbia, and Multnomah Counties, OR)E32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 68 FR 43647; 7/24/2003.
Deer, Corsican redCervus elaphus corsicanusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, Eld's brow-antleredCervus eldiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, Formosan sikaCervus nippon taiouanusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, Indochina hogAxis (=Cervus) porcinus annamiticusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Deer, keyOdocoileus virginianus claviumWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Deer, Kuhl's (=Bawean)Axis porcinus kuhliWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, marshBlastocerus dichotomusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, McNeill'sCervus elaphus macneiliiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, muskMoschus spp. (all species)Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, China (Tibet, Yunnan), India, Nepal, Pakistan, SikkimE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Deer, North China sikaCervus nippon mandarinusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, pampasOzotoceros bezoarticusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Deer, Persian fallowDama mesopotamica (=dama m.)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, Ryukyu sikaCervus nippon keramaeWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, Shansi sikaCervus nippon grassianusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, South China sikaCervus nippon kopschiWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Deer, swampCervus duvauceliWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Deer, VisayanCervus alfrediWherever foundE53 FR 33990; 9/1/1988.
Deer, YarkandCervus elaphus yarkandensisWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
DholeCuon alpinusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
DibblerAntechinus apicalisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Dog, African wildLycaon pictusWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Dolphin, Chinese riverLipotes vexilliferWherever foundE54 FR 22906; 5/30/1989 N, 54 FR 22905; 5/30/1989.
Dolphin, South Asian River (Indus River subspecies)Platanista gangetica minorWherever foundE55 FR 50835; 12/11/1990 N, 56 FR 1463; 1/14/1991.
DrillMandrillus (=Papio) leucophaeusWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
DugongDugong dugonWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970, 68 FR 70185; 12/17/2003.
Duiker, Jentink'sCephalophus jentinkiWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Eland, western giantTaurotragus derbianus derbianusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Elephant, AfricanLoxodonta africanaWherever foundT43 FR 20499; 5/12/1978, 50 CFR 17.40(e) 4d.
Elephant, AsianElephas maximusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Ferret, black-footedMustela nigripesWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 56 FR 41473; 9/21/1979, 59 FR 42682; 8/18/1994, 59 FR 42696; 8/18/1994, 61 FR 11320/3/20/1996, 63 FR 52824; 10/1/1998, 65 FR 60879; 10/13/2000, 68 FR 26498; 5/16/2003, 80 FR 66821; 10/30/2015.
Start Printed Page 51559
Ferret, black-footedMustela nigripesU.S.A. (WY and specified portions of AZ, CO, MT, SD, and UT, see § 17.84(g)(9))XN56 FR 41473; 8/21/1991, 59 FR 42682; 8/18/1994, 59 FR 42696; 8/18/1994, 61 FR 11320; 3/20/1996, 63 FR 52824; 10/1/1998, 65 FR 60879; 10/13/2000, 68 FR 26498; 5/16/2003, 80 FR 66821; 10/30/2015, 50 CFR 17.84(g) 10j.
Fox, northern swiftVulpes velox hebesCanadaE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Fox, San Joaquin kitVulpes macrotis muticaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Fox, San Miguel IslandUrocyon littoralis littoralisWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Fox, Santa Catalina IslandUrocyon littoralis catalinaeWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Fox, Santa Cruz IslandUrocyon littoralis santacruzaeWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Fox, Santa Rosa IslandUrocyon littoralis santarosaeWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Fox, SimienCanis simensisWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Gazelle, ArabianGazella gazellaWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Gazelle, Clark'sAmmodorcas clarkeiWherever foundE35 FR 8491, 6/2/1970.
Gazelle, damaGazella damaWherever foundE70 FR 52319; 9/2/2005, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gazelle, MoroccanGazella dorcas massaesylaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gazelle, mountain (=Cuvier's)Gazella cuvieriWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gazelle, Pelzeln'sGazella dorcas pelzelniWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Gazelle, sandGazella subgutturosa maricaWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Gazelle, Saudi ArabianGazella dorcas saudiyaWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Gazelle, slender-hornedGazella leptocerosWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
GibbonsHylobates spp. (including Nomascus )Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
GoralNemorhaedus goralWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
GorillaGorilla gorillaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Hare, hispidCaprolagus hispidusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hartebeest, Swayne'sAlcelaphus buselaphus swayneiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hartebeest, ToraAlcelaphus buselaphus toraWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hog, pygmySus salvaniusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Horse, Przewalski'sEquus przewalskiiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Huemul, north AndeanHippocamelus antisensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Huemul, south AndeanHippocamelus bisulcusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hutia, Cabrera'sCapromys angelcabreraiWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Hutia, dwarfCapromys nanaWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Hutia, large-earedCapromys auritusWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Hutia, little earthCapromys sanfelipensisWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Hyena, BarbaryHyaena hyaena barbaraWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Hyena, brownParahyaena (=Hyaena) brunneaWherever foundE35 FR 8491, 6/2/1970.
Ibex, PyreneanCapra pyrenaica pyrenaicaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Ibex, WaliaCapra walieWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Impala, black-facedAepyceros melampus petersiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
IndriIndri indri (=entire genus)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
JaguarPanthera oncaWherever foundE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972, 62 FR 39147; 7/22/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Jaguarundi, GuatemalanHerpailurus (=Felis) yagouaroundi fossataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Jaguarundi, Gulf CoastHerpailurus (=Felis) yagouaroundi cacomitliWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Jaguarundi, PanamanianHerpailurus (=Felis) yagouaroundi panamensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Jaguarundi, SinaloanHerpailurus (=Felis) yagouaroundi toltecaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Kangaroo rat, FresnoDipodomys nitratoides exilisWherever foundE50 FR 4222; 1/30/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Kangaroo rat, giantDipodomys ingensWherever foundE52 FR 283; 1/5/1987.
Kangaroo rat, Morro BayDipodomys heermanni morroensisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Kangaroo rat, San Bernardino Merriam'sDipodomys merriami parvusWherever foundE63 FR 3835; 1/27/1988, 63 FR 51005; 9/24/1988, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Kangaroo rat, Stephens'Dipodomys stephensi (incl. D. cascus)Wherever foundE53 FR 38465; 9/30/1988.
Kangaroo rat, TiptonDipodomys nitratoides nitratoidesWherever foundE53 FR 25608; 7/8/1988.
Kangaroo, Tasmanian foresterMacropus giganteus tasmaniensisWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
KoalaPhascolarctos cinereusAustraliaT65 FR 26762; 5/9/2000.
KoupreyBos sauveliWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Langur, cappedTrachypithecus (=Presbytis) pileatusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Langur, DoucPygathrix nemaeusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Langur, Francois'Trachypithecus (=Presbytis) francoisiWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Langur, goldenTrachypithecus (=Presbytis) geeiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Langur, gray (=entellus)Semnopithecus (=Presbytis) entellusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Langur, long-tailedPresbytis potenzianiWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Langur, Pagi IslandNasalis concolorWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Langur, purple-facedPresbytis senexWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Lechwe, redKobus lecheWherever foundT35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976, 45 FR 65132; 10/1/1980.
LemursLemuridae (incl. genera Lemur, Phaner, Hapalemur, Lepilemur, Microcebus, Allocebus, Cheirogaleus, Varecia )Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976, 41 FR 26019; 6/24/1976.
LeopardPanthera pardusWherever found, except where it is listed as threatenedE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972, 47 FR 4204; 1/28/1982.
Leopard [Southern Africa populations]Panthera pardusIn Africa, in the wild, south of, and including, the following countries: Gabon, Congo, Zaire, Uganda, KenyaT35 FR 8491: 6/2/1970, 37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972, 47 FR 4204; 1/28/1982, 50 CFR 17.40(f) 4d.
Leopard, cloudedNeofelis nebulosaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Leopard, snowUncia (=Panthera) unciaWherever foundE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
Linsang, spottedPrionodon pardicolorWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
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LionPanthera leo leoWherever foundE80 FR 79999; 12/23/2015.
LionPanthera leo melanochaitaWherever foundT80 FR 79999; 12/23/2015, 50 CFR 17.40(r) 4d.
Loris, lesser slowNycticebus pygmaeusWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Lynx, Canada [Contiguous U.S. DPS]Lynx canadensisWhere found within contiguous U.S.A.T65 FR 16053; 3/24/2000, 50 CFR 17.40(k) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Lynx, SpanishFelis pardinaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Macaque, Formosan rockMacaca cyclopisWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Macaque, JapaneseMacaca fuscataWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Macaque, lion-tailedMacaca silenusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Macaque, stump-tailedMacaca arctoidesWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Macaque, ToqueMacaca sinicaWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Manatee, AmazonianTrichechus inunguisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Manatee, West AfricanTrichechus senegalensisWherever foundT44 FR 42910; 7/20/1979.
Manatee, West IndianTrichechus manatusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 50 CFR 17.108(a), 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
MandrillMandrillus (=Papio) sphinxWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Mangabey, Tana RiverCercocebus galeritus galeritusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Mangabey, white-collaredCercocebus torquatusWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
MargayLeopardus (=Felis) wiediiMexico southwardE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
Markhor, chiltan (=wild goat)Capra falconeri (=aegagrus) chiltanensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Markhor, straight-hornedCapra falconeri megacerosWherever foundT41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976, 79 FR 60365; 10/7/2014, 50 CFR 17.40(d) 4d.
Marmoset, buff-headedCallithrix flavicepsWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Marmoset, cotton-topSaguinus oedipusWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Marmoset, Goeldi'sCallimico goeldiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Marmoset, white-eared (=buffy tufted-ear)Callithrix aurita (=jacchus a.)Wherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Marmot, Vancouver IslandMarmota vancouverensisWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Marsupial, eastern jerboaAntechinomys lanigerWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 6/2/1970.
Marsupial-mouse, large desertSminthopsis psammophilaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 6/2/1970.
Marsupial-mouse, long-tailedSminthopsis longicaudataWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 6/2/1970.
Marten, Formosan yellow-throatedMartes flavigula chrysospilaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, black colobusColobus satanasWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, black howlerAlouatta pigraWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Monkey, DianaCercopithecus dianaWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, Guizhou snub-nosedRhinopithecus brelichiWherever foundE55 FR 39414; 9/27/1990.
Monkey, L'hoest'sCercopithecus lhoestiWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, mantled howlerAlouatta palliataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monkey, Preuss' red colobusProcolobus (=Colobus) preussi (=badius p.)Wherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Monkey, proboscisNasalis larvatusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monkey, red-backed squirrelSaimiri oerstediiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, red-belliedCercopithecus erythrogasterWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, red-eared nose-spottedCercopithecus erythrotisWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, Sichuan snub-nosedRhinopithecus roxellanaWherever foundE55 FR 39414; 9/27/1990.
Monkey, spiderAteles geoffroyi frontatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, spiderAteles geoffroyl panamensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, Tana River red colobusProcolobus (=Colobus) rufomitratus (=badius r.)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, Tonkin snub-nosedRhinopithecus avunculusWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 55 FR 39414; 9/27/1990.
Monkey, woolly spiderBrachyteles arachnoidesWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Monkey, yellow-tailed woollyLagothrix flavicaudaWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Monkey, Yunnan snub-nosedRhinopithecus bietiWherever foundE55 FR 39414; 9/27/1990.
Monkey, Zanzibar red colobusProcolobus (=Colobus) pennantii (=kirki) kirkiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Mountain beaver, Point ArenaAplodontia rufa nigraWherever foundE56 FR 64716; 12/12/1991.
Mouse, Alabama beachPeromyscus polionotus ammobatesWherever foundE50 FR 23872; 6/6/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, Anastasia Island beachPeromyscus polionotus phasmaWherever foundE54 FR 20598; 5/12/1989.
Mouse, Australian nativeNotomys aquiloWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Mouse, Australian nativeZyzomys pedunculatusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Mouse, Choctawhatchee beachPeromyscus polionotus allophrysWherever foundE50 FR 23872; 6/6/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, Field'sPseudomys fieldiWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Mouse, Gould'sPseudomys gouldiiWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Mouse, Key Largo cottonPeromyscus gossypinus allapaticolaWherever foundE48 FR 43040; 9/21/1983, 49 FR 34504; 8/31/1984.
Mouse, New HollandPseudomys novaehollandiaeWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Mouse, New Mexico meadow jumpingZapus hudsonius luteusWherever foundE79 FR 33119; 6/10/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, Pacific pocketPerognathus longimembris pacificusWherever foundE59 FR 5306; 2/3/1994, 59 FR 49752; 9/29/1994.
Mouse, Perdido Key beachPeromyscus polionotus trissyllepsisWherever foundE50 FR 23872; 6/6/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, Preble's meadow jumpingZapus hudsonius prebleiWherever foundT63 FR 26517; 5/13/1998, 78 FR 31679; 5/24/2013, 50 CFR 17.40(l) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, salt marsh harvestReithrodontomys raviventrisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Mouse, Shark BayPseudomys praeconisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Mouse, Shortridge'sPseudomys shortridgeiWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Mouse, smokyPseudomys fumeusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Mouse, southeastern beachPeromyscus polionotus niveiventrisWherever foundT54 FR 20598; 5/12/1989.
Mouse, St. Andrew beachPeromyscus polionotus peninsularisWherever foundE63 FR 70053; 12/18/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Mouse, westernPseudomys occidentalisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Muntjac, Fea'sMuntiacus feaeWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Native-cat, easternDasyurus viverrinusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
NumbatMyrmecobius fasciatusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970, 38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
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OcelotLeopardus (=Felis) pardalisWherever foundE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972, 47 FR 31670; 7/21/1982.
OrangutanPongo pygmaeusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Oryx, ArabianOryx leucoryxWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Oryx, scimitar-hornedOryx dammahWherever foundE70 FR 52319; 9/2/2005.
Otter, Cameroon clawlessAonyx congicus (=congica) microdonWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Otter, giantPteronura brasiliensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Otter, long-tailedLontra (=Lutra) longicaudis (incl. platensis )Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/24/1976.
Otter, marineLontra (=Lutra) felinaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/24/1976.
Otter, northern sea [Southwest Alaska DPS]Enhydra lutris kenyoniSouthwest Alaska, from Attu Island to Western Cook Inlet, including Bristol Bay, the Kodiak Archipelago, and the Barren IslandsT70 FR 46366; 8/9/2005, 50 CFR 17.40(p) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Otter, southern riverLontra (=Lutra) provocaxWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Otter, southern seaEnhydra lutris nereisWherever foundT42 FR 2965; 1/14/1977.
Panda, giantAiluropoda melanoleucaWherever foundE49 FR 2779; 1/23/1984.
Pangolin, Temnick's groundManis temminckiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Panther, FloridaPuma (=Felis) concolor coryiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Planigale, littlePlanigale ingrami subtilissimaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Planigale, southernPlanigale tenuirostrisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2. 1970.
Pocket gopher, OlympiaThomomys mazama pugetensisWherever foundT79 FR 19759; 4/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.40(a) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Pocket gopher, Roy PrairieThomomys mazama glacialisWherever foundT79 FR 19759; 4/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.40(a) 4d.
Pocket gopher, TeninoThomomys mazama tumuliWherever foundT79 FR 19759; 4/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.40(a) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Pocket gopher, YelmThomomys mazama yelmensisWherever foundT79 FR 19759; 4/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.40(a) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Porcupine, thin-spinedChaetomys subspinosusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Porpoise, Gulf of California harbor (cochito, vaquita)Phocoena sinusWherever foundE50 FR 1056; 1/9/1985 N, 50 FR 1056; 1/9/1985.
Possum, Leadbeater'sGymnobelideus leadbeateriWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Possum, mountain pygmyBurramys parvusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Possum, scaly-tailedWyulda squamicaudataWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Prairie dog, MexicanCynomys mexicanusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Prairie dog, UtahCynomys parvidensWherever foundT38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973, 49 FR 22330; 5/29/1984, 50 CFR 17.40(g) 4d.
Pronghorn, peninsularAntilocapra americana peninsularisWherever foundE40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Pronghorn, SonoranAntilocapra americana sonoriensisWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pronghorn, SonoranAntilocapra americana sonoriensisIn Arizona, an area north of Interstate 8 and south of Interstate 10, bounded by the Colorado River on the west and Interstate 10 on the east; and an area south of Interstate 8, bounded by Highway 85 on the west, Interstates 10 and 19 on the east, and the U.S.-Mexico border on the southXN76 FR 25593; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.84(v) 10j.
PuduPudu puduWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Puma (=mountain lion)Puma (=Felis) concolor (all subsp. except coryi )U.S.A. (FL)T(S/A)56 FR 40265; 8/14/1991, 50 CFR 17.40(h) 4d.
Puma, Costa RicanPuma (=Felis) concolor costaricensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Puma (=cougar), easternPuma (=Felis) concolor couguarWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
QuokkaSetonix brachyurusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Rabbit, Columbia Basin pygmy [Columbia Basin DPS]Brachylagus idahoensisU.S.A. (WA—Douglas, Grant, Lincoln, Adams, Benton Counties)E68 FR 10388; 3/5/2003.
Rabbit, Lower KeysSylvilagus palustris hefneriWherever foundE55 FR 25588; 6/21/1990.
Rabbit, riparian brushSylvilagus bachmani ripariusWherever foundE65 FR 8881; 2/23/2000.
Rabbit, RyukyuPentalagus furnessiWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Rabbit, volcanoRomerolagus diaziWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rat, false waterXeromys myoidesWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rat, stick-nestLeporillus conditorWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1970.
Rat-kangaroo, brush-tailedBettongia penicillataWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rat-kangaroo, desert (=plain)Caloprymnus campestrisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rat-kangaroo, Gaimard'sBettongia gaimardiWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1970.
Rat-kangaroo, Lesuer'sBettongia lesueurWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rat-kangaroo, QueenslandBettongia tropicaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rhinoceros, blackDiceros bicornisWherever foundE45 FR 47352; 7/14/1980.
Rhinoceros, great IndianRhinoceros unicornisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Rhinoceros, JavanRhinoceros sondaicusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rhinoceros, northern whiteCeratotherium simum cottoniWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rhinoceros, southern whiteCeratotherium simum simumWherever foundT(S/A)79 FR 28847; 5/20/2014.
Rhinoceros, SumatranDicerorhinus sumatrensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rice rat [Lower FL Keys DPS]Oryzomys palustris natatorLower FL Keys (west of Seven Mile Bridge)E56 FR 19809; 4/30/1990, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Saiga, Mongolian (antelope)Saiga tatarica mongolicaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Saki, southern beardedChiropotes satanas satanasWherever foundE51 FR 17977; 5/16/1986.
Saki, white-nosedChiropotes albinasusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Sea lion, Steller [Western DPS]Eumetopias jubatusWestern DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E55 FR 13488; 4/10/1990, 55 FR 50005; 12/4/1990, 62 FR 24345; 5/5/1997 N, 62 FR 30772; 6/5/1997, 50 CFR 226.202CH, 50 CFR 224.103.
Seal, bearded [Beringia DPS]Erignathus barbatus nauticusBeringia DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T77 FR 76739; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, bearded [Okhotsk DPS]Erignathus barbatus nauticusOkhotsk DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T77 FR 76739; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, Guadalupe furArctocephalus townsendiWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 FR 51251; 12/16/1985, 55 FR 14051; 3/23/1999 N, 50 CFR 223.2014d.
Seal, Hawaiian monkNeomonachus schauinslandi (=Monachus schauinslandi)Wherever foundE41 FR 51611; 11/23/1976, 55 FR 14051; 3/23/1999 N, 50 CFR 226.201CH.
Seal, Mediterranean monkMonachus monachusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 55 FR 14051; 3/23/1999 N.
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Seal, ringed (Arctic subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida hispidaWherever foundT77 FR 76705; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, ringed (Baltic subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida botnicaWherever foundT77 FR 76705; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, ringed (Ladoga subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida ladogensisWherever foundE77 FR 76705; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, ringed (Okhotsk subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida ochotensisWherever foundT77 FR 76705; 12/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Seal, ringed (Saimaa subspecies)Phoca hispida saimensisWherever foundE58 FR 26920; 5/6/1993 N, 58 FR 40538; 7/28/1993.
Seal, spotted [Southern DPS]Phoca larghaSouthern DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T75 FR 65239; 10/22/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2124d.
SeledangBos gaurusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
SerowNaemorhedus (=Capricornis) sumatraensisWherever foundE41 FR 26019; 6/24/1976.
Serval, BarbaryLeptailurus (=Felis) serval constantinaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
ShapoOvis vignei vigneiWherever foundE41 FR 26019; 6/24/1976.
Sheep, Peninsular bighorn [Peninsular CA DPS]Ovis canadensis nelsoniU.S.A. (CA) Peninsular RangesE63 FR 13134; 3/18/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Sheep, Sierra Nevada bighornOvis canadensis sierraeU.S.A. (CA)—Sierra NevadaE64 FR 19300; 4/20/1999, 65 FR 20; 1/3/2000, 73 FR 45534; 8/5/2008, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
ShouCervus elaphus wallichiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Shrew, Buena Vista LakeSorex ornatus relictusWherever foundE67 FR 10101; 3/6/2002, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
SiamangSymphalangus syndactylusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
SifakasPropithecus spp.Wherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Sloth, Brazilian three-toedBradypus torquatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Solenodon, CubanSolenodon cubanusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Solenodon, HaitianSolenodon paradoxusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Squirrel, Carolina northern flyingGlaucomys sabrinus coloratusWherever foundE50 FR 26999; 7/1/1985.
Squirrel, Mount Graham redTamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensisWherever foundE52 FR 20994; 6/3/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Squirrel, northern Idaho groundSpermophilus brunneus brunneusWherever foundT65 FR 17780; 4/5/2000.
Stag, BarbaryCervus elaphus barbarusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Stag, KashmirCervus elaphus hangluWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Suni, ZanzibarNeotragus moschatus moschatusWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Tahr, ArabianHemitragus jayakariWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
TamarawBubalus mindorensisWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Tamarin, golden-rumpedLeontopithecus spp.Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tamarin, piedSaguinus bicolorWherever foundE41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976.
Tamarin, white-footedSaguinus leucopusWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
Tapir, AsianTapirus indicusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Tapir, Central AmericanTapirus bairdiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tapir, mountainTapirus pinchaqueWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tapir, South American (=Brazilian)Tapirus terrestrisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tarsier, PhilippineTarsius syrichtaWherever foundT41 FR 45990; 10/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.40(c) 4d.
TigerPanthera tigrisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
Tiger, TasmanianThylacinus cynocephalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Uakari (all species)Cacajao spp.Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
UrialOvis musimon ophionWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Vicuna [Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru]Vicugna vicugnaWherever found, except EcudatorT35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 67 FR 37695; 5/30/2002, 50 CFR 17.40(m) 4d.
Vicuna [Ecuador DPS]Vicugna vicugnaEcuadorE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 67 FR 37695; 5/30/2002.
Vole, AmargosaMicrotus californicus scirpensisWherever foundE49 FR 45160; 11/15/1984, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Vole, Florida salt marshMicrotus pennsylvanicus dukecampbelliWherever foundE56 FR 1457; 1/14/1991.
Vole, Hualapai MexicanMicrotus mexicanus hualpaiensisWherever foundE52 FR 36776; 10/1/1987.
Wallaby, banded hareLagostrophus fasciatusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wallaby, brindled nail-tailedOnychogalea fraenataWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wallaby, crescent nail-tailedOnychogalea lunataWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wallaby, ParmaMacropus parmaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wallaby, western hareLagorchestes hirsutusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wallaby, yellow-footed rockPetrogale xanthopusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Whale, beluga [Cook Inlet DPS]Delphinapterus leucasCook Inlet DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E73 FR 62919; 10/22/2008 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.220CH.
Whale, blueBalaenoptera musculusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Whale, bowheadBalaena mysticetusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Whale, false killer [Main Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS]Pseudorca crassidensMain Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E77 FR 70915; 11/28/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Whale, finbackBalaenoptera physalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Whale, gray [Western North Pacific DPS]Eschrichtius robustusWestern North Pacific DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 59 FR 31094; 6/16/1994 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Whale, humpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 50 CFR 224.103.
Whale, killer [Southern Resident DPS]Orcinus orcaSouthern Resident DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E70 FR 69903; 11/18/2005 N, 72 FR 16284; 4/4/2007, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 80 CFR 7380; 2/10/2015 N, 50 CFR 224.103, 50 CFR 226.206CH.
Whale, North Atlantic rightEubalaena glacialisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 73 FR 12024; 3/6/2008 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 224.103, 50 CFR 226.203CH.
Whale, North Pacific rightEubalaena japonicaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 73 FR 12024; 3/6/2008 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.215CH.
Whale, seiBalaenoptera borealisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Whale, Southern rightEubalaena australisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 73 FR 12024; 3/6/2008 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011.
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Whale, spermPhyseter catodon (=macrocephalus)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Wolf, grayCanis lupusU.S.A.: All of AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IN, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, and WV; and portions of AZ, NM, OR, UT, and WA as follows:E32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973, 41 FR 17736; 4/28/1976, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976, 43 FR 9607; 3/9/1978, 80 FR 9218; 2/20/2015, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
(1) Northern AZ (that portion north of the centerline of Interstate Highway 40);
(2) Northern NM (that portion north of the centerline of Interstate Highway 40);
(3) Western OR (that portion of OR west of the centerline of Highway 395 and Highway 78 north of Burns Junction and that portion of OR west of the centerline of Highway 95 south of Burns Junction);
(4) Most of Utah (that portion of UT south and west of the centerline of Highway 84 and that portion of UT south of Highway 80 from Echo to the UT/WY Stateline); and
(5) Western WA (that portion of WA west of the centerline of Highway 97 and Highway 17 north of Mesa and that portion of WA west of the centerline of Highway 395 south of Mesa). Mexico.
Wolf, gray [MN DPS]Canis lupusU.S.A. (MN)T43 FR 9607; 3/9/1978, 50 CFR 17.40(d) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(a) CH.
Wolf, gray [Northern Rocky Mountain DPS]Canis lupusNorthern Rocky Mountain DPS—U.S.A. (WY—see § 17.84(i) and (n))XN59 FR 60252; 11/22/1994, 59 FR 60266; 11/22/1994, 70 FR 1286; 1/16/2005, 73 FR 4720; 1/28/2008, 50 CFR 17.84(i) 10j, 50 CFR 17.84(n) 10j.
Wolf, manedChrysocyon brachyurusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Wolf, MexicanCanis lupus baileyiWherever found, except where included in an experimental population as set forth in § 17.84(k)E40 FR 17590; 4/21/1975, 80 FR 2488; 1/16/2015.
Wolf, MexicanCanis lupus baileyiU.S.A. (portions of AZ and NM)—see § 17.84(k)XN63 FR 1752; 1/12/1998, 80 FR 2512; 1/16/2015, 50 CFR 17.84(k) 10j.
Wolf, redCanis rufusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 51 FR 41790; 11/19/1986, 56 FR 56325; 11/4/1991, 60 FR 18941; 4/13/1995.
Wolf, redCanis rufusU.S.A. (portions of NC and TN—see § 17.84(c)(9))XN51 FR 41790; 11/19/1986, 56 FR 56325; 11/4/1991, 60 FR 18941; 4/13/1995, 50 CFR 17.84(c) 10j.
Wombat, Queensland hairy-nosed (incl. Barnard's)Lasiorhinus krefftii (formerly L. barnardi and L. gillespiei )Wherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970, 38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Woodrat, Key LargoNeotoma floridana smalliWherever foundE48 FR 43040; 9/21/1983, 49 FR 34504; 8/31/1984.
Woodrat, riparian (San Joaquin Valley)Neotoma fuscipes ripariaWherever foundE65 FR 8881; 2/23/2000.
Yak, wildBos mutus (=grunniens m.)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Zebra, Grevy'sEquus grevyiWherever foundT44 FR 49218; 8/21/1979.
Zebra, Hartmann's mountainEquus zebra hartmannaeWherever foundT44 FR 49218; 8/21/1979 46 FR 11665; 2/10/1981.
Zebra, mountainEquus zebra zebraWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 46 FR 11665; 2/10/1981.
Birds
Adjutant, greaterLeptoptilos dubiusWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Akekee (honeycreeper)Loxops caeruleirostrisWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Akepa, HawaiiLoxops coccineusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Akepa, MauiLoxops ochraceusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Akialoa, KauaiHemignathus stejnegeriWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
AkiapolaauHemignathus wilsoniWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Akikiki (honeycreeper)Oreomystis bairdiWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Albatross, AmsterdamDiomedea amsterdamensisWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Albatross, short-tailedPhoebastria (=Diomedea) albatrusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 65 FR 46643; 7/31/2000.
Alethe, ThyoloAlethe choloensisWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Antpitta, brown-bandedGrallaria milleriWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Antwren, black-hoodedFormicivora erythronotosWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Blackbird, yellow-shoulderedAgelaius xanthomusWherever foundE41 FR 51019; 11/19/1976, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Bobwhite, masked (quail)Colinus virginianus ridgwayiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Booby, Abbott'sPapasula (=Sula) abbottiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Bristlebird, westernDasyornis longirostris (=brachypterus l.)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bristlebird, western rufousDasyornis broadbenti littoralisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Bulbul, Mauritius olivaceousHypsipetes borbonicus olivaceusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bullfinch, Sao Miguel (finch)Pyrrhula pyrrhula murinaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bush-shrike, UluguraMalaconotus aliusWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Bushwren, New ZealandXenicus longipesWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bustard, great IndianArdeotis (=Choriotis) nigricepsWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
CahowPterodroma cahowWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Capercaillie, CantabrianTetrao urogallus cantabricusWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Caracara, crested, (Audubon's) [FL DPS]Polyborus plancus auduboniiU.S.A. (FL)T52 FR 25229; 7/6/1987.
Cinclodes, royalCinclodes aricomaeWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Cockatoo, PhilippineCacatua haematuropygiaWherever foundE79 FR 35870; 6/24/2014.
Cockatoo, salmon-crestedCacatua moluccensisWherever foundT76 FR 30758; 5/26/2011 50 CFR 17.41(c) 4d.
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Cockatoo, whiteCacatua albaWherever foundT79 FR 35870; 6/24/2014 50 CFR 17.41(c) 4d.
Cockatoo, yellow-crestedCacatua sulphureaWherever foundE79 FR 35870; 6/24/2014.
Condor, AndeanVultur gryphusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Condor, CaliforniaGymnogyps californianusU.S.A. only, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 61 FR 54045; 10/16/1996, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Condor, CaliforniaGymnogyps californianusU.S.A. (specific portions of Arizona, Nevada, and Utah)—see § 17.84(j)XN61 FR 54045; 10/16/1996, 50 CFR 17.84(j) 10j.
Coot, HawaiianFulica americana alaiWherever foundE35 FR 16047/10/13/1970.
Cotinga, bandedCotinga maculataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Cotinga, white-wingedXipholena atropurpureaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Courser, Jerdon'sRhinoptilus bitorquatusWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Crane, black-neckedGrus nigricollisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crane, Cuba sandhillGrus canadensis nesiotesWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crane, hoodedGrus monachaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Crane, JapaneseGrus japonensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Crane, Mississippi sandhillGrus canadensis pullaWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Crane, Siberian whiteGrus leucogeranusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Crane, white-napedGrus vipioWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crane, whoopingGrus americanaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 3/9/1978 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Crane, whoopingGrus americanaU.S.A. (AL, AR, CO, FL, GA, ID, IL, IN, IA, KY, LA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NC, NM, OH, SC, TN, UT, VA, WI, WV, western half of WY)XN58 FR 5561; 1/22/1993, 62 FR 38932; 7/21/1997, 66 FR 33903; 6/26/2001, 76 FR 6066; 2/3/2011, 50 CFR 17.84(h) 10j.
Creeper, HawaiiOreomystis manaWherever foundE40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Creeper, MolokaiParoreomyza flammeaWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Creeper, OahuParoreomyza maculataWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Crow, HawaiianCorvus hawaiiensisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Crow, MarianaCorvus kubaryiWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Crow, white-neckedCorvus leucognaphalusWherever foundE56 FR 13598; 4/3/1991.
Cuckoo, yellow-billed [Western DPS]Coccyzus americanusWestern DPS: U.S.A. (AZ, CA, CO (western), ID, MT (western), NM (western), NV, OR, TX (western), UT, WA, WY (western)); Canada (British Columbia (southwestern); Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango (western), Sinaloa, Sonora)T79 FR 59991; 10/3/2014.
Cuckoo-shrike, MauritiusCoquus typicusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Cuckoo-shrike, ReunionCoquus newtoniWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Curassow, blue-billedCrax albertiWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Curassow, razor-billedMitu mitu mituWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Curassow, red-billedCrax blumenbachiiWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Curassow, Trinidad white-headedPipile pipile pipileWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Curlew, EskimoNumenius borealisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Curlew, slender-billedNumenius tenuirostrisWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Dove, cloven-featheredDrepanoptila holosericeaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Dove, Grenada gray-frontedLeptotila rufaxilla wellsiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Duck, HawaiianAnas wyvillianaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Duck, LaysanAnas laysanensisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Duck, pink-headedRhodonessa caryophyllaceaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Duck, white-winged woodCairina scutulataWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Eagle, Greenland white-tailedHaliaeetus albicilla groenlandicusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Eagle, harpyHarpia harpyjaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Eagle, Madagascar seaHaliaeetus vociferoidesWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Eagle, Madagascar serpentEutriorchis asturWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Eagle, PhilippinePithecophaga jefferyiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Eagle, Spanish imperialAquila heliaca adalbertiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Egret, ChineseEgretta eulophotesWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Eider, spectacledSomateria fischeriWherever foundT58 FR 27474; 5/10/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Eider, Steller's [AK Breeding DPS]Polysticta stelleriU.S.A. (AK breeding population only)T62 FR 31748; 6/11/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Elepaio, OahuChasiempis ibidisWherever foundE65 FR 20760; 4/18/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Falcon, Eurasian peregrineFalco peregrinus peregrinusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Falcon, northern aplomadoFalco femoralis septentrionalisWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE51 FR 6686; 2/25/1986.
Falcon, northern aplomadoFalco femoralis septentrionalisU.S.A. (AZ, NM)XN71 FR 42298; 7/26/2006, 50 CFR 17.84(p) 10j.
Finch, Laysan (honeycreeper)Telespyza cantansWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Finch, Nihoa (honeycreeper)Telespyza ultimaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Fire-eye, fringed-backedPyriglena atraWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Flamingo, AndeanPhoenicoparrus andinusWherever foundE75 FR 50814; 8/17/2010.
Flycatcher, Euler'sEmpidonax euleri johnstoneiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Flycatcher, Seychelles paradiseTerpsiphone corvinaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Flycatcher, southwestern willowEmpidonax traillii extimusWherever foundE60 FR 10695; 2/27/1995, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Flycatcher, TahitiPomarea nigraWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Fody, MauritiusFoudia rubraWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Fody, RodriguesFoudia flavicansWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Fody, Seychelles (weaver-finch)Foudia sechellarumWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Francolin, DjiboutiFrancolinus ochropectusWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Frigatebird, Andrew'sFregata andrewsiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Gallinule, Hawaiian common (Alae ula)Gallinula chloropus (=galeata) sandvicensisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Gnatcatcher, coastal CaliforniaPolioptila californica californicaWherever foundT58 FR 16742; 3/30/1993, 50 CFR 17.41(b) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Goose, HawaiianBranta (=Nesochen) sandvicensisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Goshawk, Christmas IslandAccipiter fasciatus natalisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Goshawk, Queen Charlotte [British Columbia DPS]Accipiter gentilis laingiBritish Columbia, CanadaT77 FR 45870; 8/1/2012.
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Grackle, slender-billedQuisicalus palustrisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Grasswren, Eyrean (flycatcher)Amytornis goyderiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Grebe, AlaotraTachybaptus rufoflavatusWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Grebe, AtitlanPodilymbus gigasWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Grebe, JunínPodiceps taczanowskiiWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Greenshank, Nordmann'sTringa guttiferWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Ground-cuckoo, southeastern rufous-ventedNeomorphus geoffroyi dulcisWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Guan, caucaPenelope perspicaxWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Guan, hornedOreophasis derbianusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Guan, white-wingedPenelope albipennisWherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
Guineafowl, white-breastedAgelastes meleagridesWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Gull, Audouin'sLarus audouiniiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gull, relictLarus relictusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hawk, GalapagosButeo galapagoensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Hawk, HawaiianButeo solitariusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Hawk, Puerto Rican broad-wingedButeo platypterus brunnescensWherever foundE59 FR 46710; 9/9/1994.
Hawk, Puerto Rican sharp-shinnedAccipiter striatus venatorWherever foundE59 FR 46710; 9/9/1994.
Hermit, hook-billed (hummingbird)Ramphodon (=Glaucis) dohrniiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hermit, Margaretta'sPhaethornis malaris margarettaeWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Honeycreeper, crested (Akohekohe)Palmeria doleiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Honeyeater, helmetedLichenostomus melanops cassidix (=Meliphaga c.)Wherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Hornbill, helmetedBuceros (=Rhinoplax) vigilWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Hummingbird, Honduran emeraldAmazilia luciaeWherever foundE80 FR 45086; 7/29/2015.
Ibis, giantPseudibis giganteaWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Ibis, Japanese crestedNipponia nipponWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Ibis, northern baldGeronticus eremitaWherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
KaguRhynochetos jubatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
KakapoStrigops habroptilusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Kestrel, MauritiusFalco punctatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Kestrel, SeychellesFalco araeaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Kingfisher, Guam MicronesianHalcyon cinnamomina cinnamominaWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984, 69 FR 62943; 10/28/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Kite, Cuba hook-billedChondrohierax uncinatus wilsoniiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Kite, Grenada hook-billedChondrohierax uncinatus mirusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Kite, snail (Everglade)Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeusU.S.A. (FL)E32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Knot, rufa redCalidris canutus rufaWherever foundT79 FR 73705; 12/11/2014.
Kokako (wattlebird)Callaeas cinereaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Lark, RasoAlauda razaeWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Lark, streaked hornedEremophila alpestris strigataWherever foundT78 FR 61451; 10/3/2013, 50 CFR 17.41(a) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Macaw, blue-throatedAra glaucogularisWherever foundE78 FR 61208; 10/3/2013.
Macaw, glaucousAnodorhynchus glaucusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Macaw, great greenAra ambiguusWherever foundE80 FR 59975; 10/2/2015.
Macaw, indigoAnodorhynchus leariWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Macaw, little blueCyanopsitta spixiiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Macaw, militaryAra militarisWherever foundE80 FR 59975; 10/2/2015.
Magpie-robin, Seychelles (thrush)Copsychus sechellarumWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Malimbe, IbadanMalimbus ibadanensisWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Malkoha, red-faced (cuckoo)Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Megapode, MaleoMacrocephalon maleoWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Megapode, Micronesian (=La Perouse's)Megapodius laperouseWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Merganser, BrazilianMergus octosetaceusWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Millerbird, Nihoa (old world warbler)Acrocephalus familiaris kingiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Mockingbird, SocorroMimus GraysoniWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Moorhen, Mariana commonGallinula chloropus guamiWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984.
Murrelet, marbled [CA, OR, WA DPS]Brachyramphus marmoratusU.S.A. (CA, OR, WA)T57 FR 45337; Oct 1/1992, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Nightjar, Puerto RicanCaprimulgus noctitherusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Nukupuu, KauaiHemignathus hanapepeWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Nukupuu, MauiHemignathus affinisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Nuthatch, AlgerianSitta ledantiWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
`O`o, Kauai (honeyeater)Moho braccatusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Ostrich, ArabianStruthio camelus syriacusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Ostrich, West AfricanStruthio camelus spatziWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
`O`u (honeycreeper)Psittirostra psittaceaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Owl, Anjouan scopsOtus rutilus capnodesWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Owl, giant scopsMimizuku (=Otus) gurneyiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Owl, Madagascar redTyto soumagneiWherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
Owl, Mexican spottedStrix occidentalis lucidaWherever foundT58 FR 14248; 3/16/1993 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Owl, northern spottedStrix occidentalis caurinaWherever foundT55 FR 26114; 6/26/1990, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Owl, Seychelles scopsOtus magicus (=insularis) insularisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Owlet, Morden'sOtus ireneaeWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Oystercatcher, Canarian blackHaematopus meadewaldoiWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Palila (honeycreeper)Loxioides bailleuiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Paradise-flycatcher, caeruleanEutrichomyias rowleyiWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Parakeet, blue-throated (=ochre-marked)Pyrrhura cruentataWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parakeet, Forbes'Cyanoramphus auriceps forbesiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parakeet, goldenAratinga guaroubaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Parakeet, golden-shoulderedPsephotus chrysopterygiusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parakeet, MauritiusPsittacula echoWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parakeet, Norfolk IslandCyanoramphus cookii (=novaezelandiae c.)Wherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
Parakeet, orange-belliedNeophema chrysogasterWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Parakeet, paradisePsephotus pulcherrimusWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Parakeet, scarlet-chestedNeophema splendidaWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Parakeet, turquoiseNeophema pulchellaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, Bahaman or CubanAmazona leucocephalaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Parrot, groundPezoporus wallicusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
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Parrot, imperialAmazona imperialisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, night (=Australian)Geopsittacus occidentalisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, Puerto RicanAmazona vittataWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Parrot, red-browedAmazona rhodocorythaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, red-cappedPionopsitta pileataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Parrot, red-neckedAmazona arausiacaWherever foundE44 FR 37124; 6/25/1979.
Parrot, red-spectacledAmazona pretrei pretreiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Parrot, red-tailedAmazona brasiliensisWherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
Parrot, Seychelles lesser vasaCoracopsis nigra barklyiWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Parrot, St. VincentAmazona guildingiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, St. LuciaAmazona versicolorWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, thick-billedRhynchopsitta pachyrhynchaMexicoE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Parrot, vinaceous-breastedAmazona vinaceaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Parrot, yellow-billedAmazona collariaWherever foundT78 FR 15624; 3/12/2013, 50 CFR 17.41(c) 4d.
Parrotbill, Maui (Kiwikiu)Pseudonestor xanthophrysWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Penguin, AfricanSpheniscus demersusWherever foundE75 FR 59645; 9/28/2010.
Penguin, erect-crestedEudyptes sclateriWherever foundT75 FR 45497; 8/3/2010.
Penguin, Fiordland crestedEudyptes pachyrhynchusWherever foundT75 FR 45497; 8/3/2010.
Penguin, GalapagosSpheniscus mendiculusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Penguin, HumboldtSpheniscus humboldtiWherever foundT75 FR 45497; 8/3/2010.
Penguin, southern rockhopper [New Zealand-Australia DPS]Eudyptes chrysocomeNew Zealand-Australia DPS, associated with the Campbell Plateau and Macquarie IslandT76 FR 9681; 2/22/2011.
Penguin, white-flipperedEudyptula minor albosignataWherever foundT75 FR 45497; 8/3/2010.
Penguin, yellow-eyedMegadyptes antipodesWherever foundT75 FR 45497; 8/3/2010.
Petrel, ChathamPterodroma axillarisWherever foundE74 FR 46914; 9/14/2009.
Petrel, FijiPseudobulweria macgillivrayiWherever foundE74 FR 46914; 9/14/2009.
Petrel, GalapagosPterodroma phaeopygiaWherever foundT75 FR 235; 1/5/2010.
Petrel, HawaiianPterodroma sandwichensisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Petrel, MadeiraPterodroma madeiraWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Petrel, magentaPterodroma magentaeWherever foundE74 FR 46914; 9/14/2009.
Petrel, Mascarene blackPterodroma aterrimaWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Pheasant, bar-tailedSyrmaticus humaieWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Blyth's tragopanTragopan blythiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, brown earedCrossoptilon mantchuricumWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Cabot's tragopanTragopan cabotiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, cheerCatreus wallichiiWherever foundE55 FR 39858; 9/28/1990.
Pheasant, Chinese monalLophophorus lhuysiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Edward'sLophura edwardsiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Elliot'sSyrmaticus elliotiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pheasant, imperialLophura imperialisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, MikadoSyrmaticus mikadoWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Palawan peacockPolyplectron emphanumWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Sclater's monalLophophorus sclateriWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, Swinhoe'sLophura swinhoiiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, western tragopanTragopan melanocephalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pheasant, white earedCrossoptilon crossoptilonWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Pigeon, Azores woodColumba palumbus azoricaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pigeon, Chatham IslandHemiphaga novaeseelandiae chathamensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pigeon, Marquesan imperialDucula galeataWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Pigeon, Mindoro imperial (=zone-tailed)Ducula mindorensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pigeon, pinkColumba mayeriWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Pigeon, Puerto Rican plainColumba inornata wetmoreiWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Pigeon, white-tailed laurelColumba junoniaeWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Piping-guan, black-frontedPipile jacutingaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pitta, Gurney'sPitta gurneyiWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Pitta, Koch'sPitta kochiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Plantcutter, PeruvianPhytotoma raimondiiWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Plover, New Zealand shoreThinornis novaeseelandiaeWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Plover, piping [Great Lakes watershed DPS]Charadrius melodusGreat Lakes, watershed in States of IL, IN, MI, MN, NY, OH, PA, and WI and Canada (Ont.)E50 FR 50726; 12/11/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Plover, piping [Atlantic Coast and Northern Great Plains populations]Charadrius melodusWherever found, except those areas where listed as endangeredT50 FR 50726; 12/11/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Plover, western snowy [Pacific Coast population DPS]Charadrius alexandrinus nivosusPacific Coast population DPS—U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA), Mexico (within 50 miles of Pacific coast)T58 FR 12864; 3/5/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Pochard, MadagascarAythya innotataWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Po`ouli (honeycreeper)Melamprosops phaeosomaWherever foundE40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Prairie-chicken, Attwater's greaterTympanuchus cupido attwateriWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Puffleg, black-breastedEriocnemis nigrivestisWherever foundE75 FR 43844; 7/27/2010.
Quail, Merriam's MontezumaCyrtonyx montezumae merriamiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Quetzel, resplendentPharomachrus mocinnoWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Rail, Aukland IslandRallus pectoralis muelleriWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rail, California clapperRallus longirostris obsoletusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Rail, GuamRallus owstoniWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE49 FR 14354; 4/11/1984, 49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984, 54 FR 43966; 10/30/1989.
Rail, GuamRallus owstoniRotaXN54 FR 43966; 10/30/1989, 50 CFR 17.84(f) 10j.
Rail, JunínLaterallus tuerosiWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Rail, light-footed clapperRallus longirostris levipesU.S.A. onlyE34 FR 5034; 3/8/1969, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Rail, Lord Howe woodGallirallus (=Tricholimnas) sylvestrisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Rail, Yuma clapperRallus longirostris yumanensisU.S.A. onlyE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Rhea, lesser (incl. Darwin's)Rhea (=Pterocnemia) pennataWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Robin, Chatham IslandPetroica traversiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Robin, dappled mountainArcanator orostruthusWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Robin, scarlet-breasted (flycatcher)Petroica multicolor multicolorWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rockfowl, grey-neckedPicathartes oreasWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Rockfowl, white-neckedPicathartes gymnocephalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Roller, long-tailed groundUratelornis chimaeraWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Sage-grouse, GunnisonCentrocercus minimusWherever foundT79 FR 69191; 11/20/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
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Scrub-bird, noisyAtrichornis clamosusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Scrub-jay, FloridaAphelocoma coerulescensWherever foundT52 FR 20715; 6/3/1987.
Shama, Cebu black (thrush)Copsychus niger cebuensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Shearwater, Heinroth'sPuffinus heinrothiWherever foundT75 FR 235; 1/5/2010.
Shearwater, Newell's Townsend'sPuffinus auricularis newelliWherever foundT40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Shrike, San Clemente loggerheadLanius ludovicianus mearnsiWherever foundE42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977.
Siskin, redCarduelis cucullataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Sparrow, Cape Sable seasideAmmodramus maritimus mirabilisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Sparrow, Florida grasshopperAmmodramus savannarum floridanusWherever foundE51 FR 27492; 7/31/1986.
Sparrow, San Clemente sageAmphispiza belli clementeaeWherever foundT42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977.
Sparrowhawk, Anjouan IslandAccipiter francesii pusillusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Starling, Ponape mountainAplonis pelzelniWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Starling, Rothschild's (myna)Leucopsar rothschildiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Stilt, blackHimantopus novaezelandiaeWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Stilt, HawaiianHimantopus mexicanus (=himantopus) knudseniWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Stork, oriental whiteCiconia boyciana (=ciconia b.)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Stork, wood [Southeast U.S. DPS]Mycteria americanaU.S.A. (AL, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC)T49 FR 7332; 2/28/1984, 79 FR 37077; 6/30/2014.
Sunbird, MarunguNectarinia prigogineiWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Swiftlet, Mariana grayAerodramus vanikorensis bartschiWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984.
Tanager, cherry-throatedNemosia roureiWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Teal, Campbell Island flightlessAnas aucklandica nesiotisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Tern, California leastSterna antillarum browniWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tern, least [Interior DPS]Sterna antillarumU.S.A. (AR, CO, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA—Miss. R. and tribs. N of Baton Rouge, MS—Miss. R., MO, MT, ND, NE, NM, OK, SD, TN, TX—except within 50 miles of coast)E50 FR 21784; 5/28/1985.
Tern, roseate [Northeast U.S. nesting population DPS]Sterna dougallii dougalliiU.S.A. (Atlantic Coast south to NC), Canada (Newf., N.S, Que.), BermudaE52 FR 42064; 11/2/1987.
Tern, roseate [Western Hemisphere DPS]Sterna dougallii dougalliiWestern Hemisphere and adjacent oceans, incl. U.S.A. (FL, PR, VI), where not listed as endangeredT52 FR 42064; 11/2/1987.
Thicketbird, long-leggedTrichocichla rufaWherever foundE73 FR 3146; 1/16/2008.
Thrasher, white-breastedRamphocinclus brachyurusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Thrush, large KauaiMyadestes myadestinusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Thrush, MolokaiMyadestes lanaiensis ruthaWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Thrush, New Zealand (wattlebird)Turnagra capensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Thrush, small KauaiMyadestes palmeriWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Thrush, St. Lucia forestCichlherminia lherminieri sanctaeluciaeWherever foundE75 FR 50814; 8/17/2010.
Thrush, TaitaTurdus olivaceous helleriWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Tinamou, solitaryTinamus solitariusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Tit-spinetail, white-browedLeptasthenura xenothoraxWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Tit-tyrant, ash-breastedAnairetes alpinusWherever foundE77 FR 43434; 7/24/2012.
Tody-tyrant, Kaempfer'sHemitriccus kaempferiWherever foundE75 FR 81794; 12/28/2010.
Towhee, Inyo CaliforniaPipilo crissalis eremophilusWherever foundT52 FR 28780; 8/3/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Tree-finch, mediumCamarhynchus pauperWherever foundE75 FR 43853; 7/27/2010.
Trembler, Martinique (thrasher)Cinclocerthia ruficauda gutturalisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Turaco, Bannerman'sTauraco bannermaniWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Turtle-dove, SeychellesStreptopelia picturata rostrataWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Vanga, Pollen'sXenopirostris polleniWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Vanga, Van Dam'sXenopirostris damiiWherever foundT60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Vireo, black-cappedVireo atricapillusWherever foundE52 FR 37420; 10/6/1987.
Vireo, least Bell'sVireo bellii pusillusWherever foundE51 FR 16474; 5/2/1986, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
Wanderer, plain (collared-hemipode)Pedionomous torquatusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Warbler, Aldabra (old world warbler)Nesillas aldabranusWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Warbler (wood), Bachman'sVermivora bachmaniiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Warbler (wood), Barbados yellowDendroica petechia petechiaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Warbler, elfin-woodsSetophaga angelaeWherever foundT81 FR 40534; 6/22/2016, 50 CFR 17.41(e) 4d.
Warbler (wood), golden-cheekedDendroica chrysopariaWherever foundE55 FR 18844; 5/4/1990, 55 FR 53153; 12/27/1990.
Warbler (wood), Kirtland'sDendroica kirtlandiiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Warbler, Eiao Marquesas reed-Acrocephalus percernis aquilonisWherever foundE76 FR 50052; 8/11/2011.
Warbler, nightingale reed, (old world warbler)Acrocephalus lusciniaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970.
Warbler, Rodrigues (old world warbler)Bebrornis rodericanusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Warbler (wood), Semper'sLeucopeza semperiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Warbler, Seychelles (old world warbler)Bebrornis sechellensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Wattle-eye, bandedPlatysteira laticinctaWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Weaver, Clarke'sPloceus golandiWherever foundE60 FR 2899; 1/12/1995.
Whipbird, westernPsophodes nigrogularisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
White-eye, bridledZosterops conspicillatus conspicillatusWherever foundE49 FR 33881; 8/27/1984.
White-eye, Norfolk IslandZosterops albogularisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
White-eye, Ponape greaterRukia longirostraWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
White-eye, Rota bridledZosterops rotensisWherever foundE69 FR 3022; 1/22/2004, 50 CFR 17.95(b) CH.
White-eye, SeychellesZosterops modestaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Woodpecker, imperialCampephilus imperialisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Woodpecker, ivory-billedCampephilus principalisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Woodpecker, red-cockadedPicoides borealisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Woodpecker, Tristam'sDryocopus javensis richardsiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Wood-quail, gorgetedOdontophorus strophiumWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Woodstar, ChileanEulidia yarrelliiWherever foundE75 FR 50814; 8/17/2010.
Woodstar, EsmeraldasChaetocercus berlepschiWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Wren, Guadeloupe houseTroglodytes aedon guadeloupensisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Wren, St. Lucia houseTroglodytes aedon mesoleucusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
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Reptiles
Alligator, AmericanAlligator mississippiensisWherever foundT(S/A)32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 40 FR 44412; 9/26/1975, 42 FR 2071; 1/10/1977, 44 FR 37130; 6/25/1979, 44 FR 59080; 10/12/1979, 46 FR 40664; 8/10/1981, 48 FR 46332; 10/12/1983, 50 FR 25672; 6/20/1985, 52 FR 21059; 6/4/1987, 50 CFR 17.42(a) 4d.
Alligator, ChineseAlligator sinensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Anole, Culebra Island giantAnolis rooseveltiWherever foundE42 FR 37371; 7/21/1977, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Boa, JamaicanEpicrates subflavusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Boa, MonaEpicrates monensis monensisWherever foundT43 FR 4618; 2/3/1978, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Boa, Puerto RicanEpicrates inornatusWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Boa, Round Island (unnamed)Bolyeria multocarinataWherever foundE45 FR 18009; 3/20/1980.
Boa, Round Island (unnamed)Casarea dussumieriWherever foundE45 FR 18009; 3/20/1980.
Boa, Virgin Islands treeEpicrates monensis grantiWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 44 FR 70677; 12/7/1979.
Caiman, Apaporis RiverCaiman crocodilus apaporiensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Caiman, blackMelanosuchus nigerWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Caiman, broad-snouted [Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay DPS]Caiman latirostrisBolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, UruguayE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Caiman, broad-snouted [Argentina DPS]Caiman latirostrisArgentinaT78 FR 38162; 6/25/2013, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Caiman, brownCaiman crocodilus fuscus (includes Caiman crocodilus chiapasius )Wherever foundT(S/A)65 FR 25867; 5/4/2000, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Caiman, commonCaiman crocodilus crocodilusWherever foundT(S/A)65 FR 25867; 5/4/2000, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Caiman, yacareCaiman yacareWherever foundT35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 65 FR 25867; 5/4/2000, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Chuckwalla, San Esteban IslandSauromalus variusWherever foundE45 FR 18009; 3/20/1980.
Crocodile, African dwarfOsteolaemus tetraspis tetraspisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crocodile, African slender-snoutedCrocodylus cataphractusWherever foundE37 FR 6476; 3/30/1972.
Crocodile, American [Non-U.S. populations]Crocodylus acutusWherever found, except in U.S.A. (FL)E40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975, 44 FR 75074; 12/18/1979 72 FR 13027; 3/20/2007.
Crocodile, American [FL DPS]Crocodylus acutusU.S.A. (FL)T40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975, 72 FR 13027; 3/20/2007, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Crocodile, Ceylon muggerCrocodylus palustris kimbulaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crocodile, Congo dwarfOsteolaemus tetraspis osborniWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crocodile, CubanCrocodylus rhombiferWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Crocodile, muggerCrocodylus palustris palustrisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crocodile, NileCrocodylus niloticusWherever foundT35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 52 FR 23148; 6/17/1987, 53 FR 38451; 9/30/1988, 58 FR 49870; 9/23/1993, 61 FR 32356; 6/24/1996, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Crocodile, OrinocoCrocodylus intermediusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Crocodile, PhilippineCrocodylus novaeguineae mindorensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Crocodile, saltwater [All populations except Papua New Guinea and Australia]Crocodylus porosusWherever found, except Papua New Guinea and AustraliaE44 FR 75074; 12/18/1979, 61 FR 32356;6/24/1996.
Crocodile, saltwater [Australia DPS]Crocodylus porosusAustraliaT44 FR 75074; 12/18/1979, 61 FR 32356; 6/24/1996, 50 CFR 17.42(c) 4d.
Crocodile, SiameseCrocodylus siamensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/4/1976.
Gartersnake, narrow-headedThamnophis rufipunctatusWherever foundT79 FR 38677; 7/8/2014.
Gartersnake, northern MexicanThamnophis eques megalopsWherever foundT79 FR 38677; 7/8/2014, 50 CFR 17.42(g) 4d.
GavialGavialis gangeticusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gecko, dayPhelsuma edwardnewtoniWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gecko, MonitoSphaerodactylus micropithecusWherever foundE47 FR 46090; 10/15/1982, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Gecko, Round Island dayPhelsuma guentheriWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Gecko, Serpent IslandCyrtodactylus serpensinsulaWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Acklins groundCyclura rileyi nuchalisWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Allen's CayCyclura cychlura inornataWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Andros Island groundCyclura cychlura cychluraWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Anegada groundCyclura pinguisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Iguana, Barrington landConolophus pallidusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Iguana, Cayman Brac groundCyclura nubila caymanensisWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Cuban groundCyclura nubila nubilaWherever found (exluding population introduced in Puerto Rico)T48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Exuma IslandCyclura cychlura figginsiWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Fiji bandedBrachylophus fasciatusWherever foundE45 FR 18009; 3/20/1980.
Iguana, Fiji crestedBrachylophus vitiensisWherever foundE45 FR 18009; 3/20/1980.
Iguana, Grand Cayman groundCyclura nubila lewisiWherever foundE48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, JamaicanCyclura colleiWherever foundE48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, MayaguanaCyclura carinata bartschiWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Mona groundCyclura stejnegeriWherever foundT43 FR 4618; 2/3/1978, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Iguana, Turks and CaicosCyclura carinata carinataWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, Watling Island groundCyclura rileyi rileyiWherever foundE48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Iguana, White Cay groundCyclura rileyi cristataWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Lizard, blunt-nosed leopardGambelia silusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Lizard, Coachella Valley fringe-toedUma inornataWherever foundT45 FR 63812; 9/25/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Lizard, Hierro giantGallotia simonyi simonyiWherever foundE49 FR 7394; 2/29/1984.
Lizard, Ibiza wallPodarcis pityusensisWherever foundT49 FR 7394; 2/29/1984.
Lizard, Maria Island groundCnemidophorus vanzoiWherever foundE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
Lizard, St. Croix groundAmeiva polopsWherever foundE42 FR 28543; 6/3/1977, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Monitor, desertVaranus griseusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monitor, Indian (=Bengal)Varanus bengalensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monitor, Komodo IslandVaranus komodoensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monitor, yellowVaranus flavescensWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pinesnake, blackPituophis melanoleucus lodingiWherever foundT80 FR 60467; 10/6/2015, 50 CFR 17.42(h) 4d.
Python, IndianPython molurus molurusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
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Rattlesnake, Aruba IslandCrotalus unicolorWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Rattlesnake, New Mexican ridge-nosedCrotalus willardi obscurusWherever foundT43 FR 34476; 8/4/1978, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Sea turtle, green [Central North Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Central North Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 41° N., 169° E. in the northwest; 41° N., 143° W. in the northeast; 9° N., 125° W. in the southeast; and 9° N., 175° W. in the southwest Pacific coast of MexicoT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [Central South Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Central South Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 9° N., 175° W. in the northwest; 9° N., 125° W. in the northeast; 40° S., 96° W. in the southeast; 40° S., 176° E. in the southwest; and 13° S., 171° E. in the westE81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 224.104.
Sea turtle, green [Central West Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Central West Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 41° N., 146° E. in the northwest; 41° N., 169° E. in the northeast; 9° N., 175° W. in the east; 13° S., 171° E. in the southeast; along the northern coast of the island of New Guinea; and 4.5° N., 129° E. in the westE81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 224.104.
Sea turtle, green [East Indian—West Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Eastern Indian and Western Pacific Oceans, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 41° N. Lat. in the north, 41° N., 146° E. in the northeast; 4.5° N., 129° E. in the southeast; along the southern coast of the island of New Guinea; along the western coast of Australia (west of 142° E. Long.); 40° S. Lat. in the south; and 84° E. Long. in the eastT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [East Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the East Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 41° N., 143° W. in the northwest; 41° N. Lat. in the north; along the western coasts of the Americas; 40° S. Lat. in the south; and 40° S., 96° W. in the southwestT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [Mediterranean DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by 5.5° W. Long. in the westE81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 224.104.
Sea turtle, green [North Atlantic DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the North Atlantic Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 48° N. Lat. in the north, along the western coasts of Europe and Africa (west of 5.5° W. Long.); north of 19° N. Lat. in the east; bounded by 19° N., 65.1° W. to 14° N., 65.1° W. then 14° N., 77° W. in the south and west; and along the eastern coasts of the Americas (north of 7.5° N., 77° W.)T81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [North Indian DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the North Indian Ocean, bounded by: Africa and Asia in the west and north; 84° E. Long. in the east; and the equator in the southT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [South Atlantic DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the South Atlantic Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: along the northern and eastern coasts of South America (east of 7.5° N., 77° W.); 14° N., 77° W. to 14° N., 65.1° W. to 19° N., 65.1° W. in the north and west; 19° N. Lat. in the northeast; 40° S., 19° E. in the southeast; and 40° S. Lat. in the southT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [Southwest Indian DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Southwest Indian Ocean, bounded by the following lines: the equator to the north; 84° E. Long. to the east; 40° S. Lat. to the south; and 19° E. Long (and along the eastern coast of Africa) in the westT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, green [Southwest Pacific DPS]Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Southwest Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: along the southern coast of the island of New Guinea and the Torres Strait (east of 142° E Long.); 13° S., 171° E. in the northeast; 40° S., 176° E. in the southeast; and 40° S., 142° E. in the southwestT81 FR 20057; 4/6/2016 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, hawksbillEretmochelys imbricataWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH, 50 CFR 226.209CH.
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Sea turtle, Kemp's ridleyLepidochelys kempiiWherever foundE35 FR 18319; 12/2/1970 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, leatherbackDermochelys coriaceaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH, 50 CFR 226.207CH.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Mediterranean Sea DPS]Caretta carettaMediterranean Sea DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Mediterranean Sea east of 5°36′ W. LongE76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [North Indian Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaNorth Indian Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the North Indian Ocean north of the equator and south of 30° N. LatE76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [North Pacific Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaNorth Pacific Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the North Pacific north of the equator and south of 60° N. LatE76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaNortheast Atlantic Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Northeast Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, south of 60° N. Lat., and east of 40° W. Long., except in the vicinity of the Strait of Gibraltar where the eastern boundary is 5°36′ W. LongE76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Northwest Atlantic Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaNorthwest Atlantic Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, south of 60° N. Lat., and west of 40° W. Long.T76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH, 50 CFR 226.223CH.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [South Atlantic Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaSouth Atlantic Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the South Atlantic Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., west of 20° E. Long., and east of 67° W. LongT76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [South Pacific Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaSouth Pacific Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the South Pacific south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., west of 67° W. Long., and east of 141° E. LongE76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Southeast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaSoutheast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Southeast Indian Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., and east of 80° E. Long.; South Pacific Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., and west of 141° E. LongT76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Southwest Indian Ocean DPS]Caretta carettaSouthwest Indian Ocean DPS—Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Southwest Indian Ocean north of the equator, south of 30° N. Lat., east of 20° E. Long., and west of 80° E. LongT76 FR 58868; 9/22/2011 J, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Sea turtle, olive ridley [Pacific coast of Mexico breeding DPS]Lepidochelys olivaceaBreeding colony populations on Pacific coast of MexicoE43 FR 32800; 7/28/1978 J, 50 CFR 224.1044d.
Sea turtle, olive ridleyLepidochelys olivaceaWherever found except when listed as endangered under 50 CFR 224.101T43 FR 32800; 7/28/1978 J, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d, 50 CFR 223.205, 50 CFR 223.206, 50 CFR 223.207.
Skink, blue-tail moleEumeces egregius lividusWherever foundT52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d.
Skink, Round IslandLeiolopisma telfairiWherever foundT48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Skink, sandNeoseps reynoldsiWherever foundT52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987, 50 CFR 17.42(b) 4d.
Skink, Slevin's (Gualiik halumtanu, Gholuuf)Emoia sleviniWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Snake, Atlantic salt marshNerodia clarkii taeniataWherever foundT42 FR 60743; 11/29/1977.
Snake, copperbelly water [Northern DPS]Nerodia erythrogaster neglectaU.S.A. (IN north of 40° N. Lat., MI, OH)T62 FR 4183; 1/29/1997.
Snake, eastern indigoDrymarchon corais couperiWherever foundT43 FR 4026; 1/31/1978.
Snake, giant garterThamnophis gigasWherever foundT58 FR 54053; 10/20/1993.
Snake, Maria IslandLiophus ornatusWherever foundE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
Snake, San Francisco garterThamnophis sirtalis tetrataeniaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
TartarugaPodocnemis expansaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Terrapin, riverBatagur baskaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
TomistomaTomistoma schlegeliiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Tortoise, angulatedGeochelone yniphoraWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Tortoise, BolsonGopherus flavomarginatusWherever foundE44 FR 23062; 4/17/1979.
Tortoise, desert [Mojave DPS]Gopherus agassiziiWherever found, except AZ south and east of Colorado R., and MexicoT45 FR 55654; 8/20/1980, 54 FR 32326; 8/4/1989, 55 FR 12178; 4/2/1990, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Tortoise, desertGopherus agassiziiAZ south and east of Colorado R., and Mexico, when found outside of Mexico or said range in AZT(S/A)55 FR 12178; 4/2/1990, 50 CFR 17.42(e) 4d.
Tortoise, GalapagosGeochelone nigra (=elephantopus)Wherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Tortoise, gopher [West of Mobile and Tombigbee Rivers DPS]Gopherus polyphemusWherever found west of Mobile and Tombigbee Rivers in AL, MS, and LAT52 FR 25376; 7/7/1987.
Tortoise, Madagascar radiatedGeochelone radiataWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
TracajaPodocnemis unifilisWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
TuataraSphenodon punctatusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 65 FR 16053; 3/24/2000.
Tuatara, Brother's IslandSphenodon guntheriWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970, 65 FR 16053; 3/24/2000.
Turtle, Alabama redbelliedPseudemys alabamensisWherever foundE52 FR 22939; 6/16/1987.
Turtle, aquatic boxTerrapene coahuilaWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Turtle, black softshellTrionyx nigricansWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, bog (=Muhlenberg) [Northen DPS]Clemmys muhlenbergiiWherever found, except GA, NC, SC, TN, VAT62 FR 59605; 11/4/1997.
Turtle, bog (=Muhlenberg)Clemmys muhlenbergiiU.S.A. (GA, NC, SC, TN, VA)T(S/A)62 FR 59605; 11/4/1997, 50 CFR 17.42(f) 4d.
Turtle, Brazilian sideneckPhrynops hogeiWherever foundE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
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Turtle, Burmese peacockMorenia ocellataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, Cat IslandTrachemys terrapenCat Island in the BahamasE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
Turtle, Central American riverDermatemys mawiiWherever foundE48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Turtle, Cuatro Cienegas softshellTrionyx aterWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, flattened musk [Black Warrior River DPS]Sternotherus depressusBlack Warrior R. system upstream from Bankhead DamT52 FR 22418; 6/11/1987.
Turtle, geometricPsammobates geometricusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, Inagua IslandTrachemys stejnegeri maloneiWherever foundE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
Turtle, Indian sawbackKachuga tecta tectaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, Indian softshellTrionyx gangeticusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, peacock softshellTrionyx hurumWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, Plymouth redbellyPseudemys rubriventris bangsiWherever foundE45 FR 21828; 4/2/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Turtle, ringed mapGraptemys oculiferaWherever foundT51 FR 45907; 12/23/1986.
Turtle, short-necked or western swampPseudemydura umbrinaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Turtle, South American red-linedTrachemys scripta callirostrisWherever foundE56 FR 49469; 9/30/1991.
Turtle, spotted pondGeoclemys hamiltoniiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, three-keeled AsianMelanochelys tricarinataWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Turtle, yellow-blotched mapGraptemys flavimaculataWherever foundT56 FR 1459; 1/14/1991.
Viper, Lar ValleyVipera latifiiWherever foundE48 FR 28460; 6/22/1983.
Whipsnake, Alameda (=striped racer)Masticophis lateralis euryxanthusWherever foundT62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997 50 CFR 17.95(c) CH.
Amphibians
Coqui, goldenEleutherodactylus jasperiWherever foundT42 FR 58756; 11/11/1977, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Coqui, llaneroEleutherodactylus juanariveroiWherever foundE77 FR 60777; 10/4/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Frog, California red-leggedRana draytoniiWherever foundT61 FR 25813; 5/23/1996, 50 CFR 17.43(b) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Frog, Chiricahua leopardRana chiricahuensisWherever foundT67 FR 40790; 6/13/2002, 50 CFR 17.43(b) 4d.
Frog, dusky gopherRana sevosa (= Lithobates sevosus)Wherever foundE66 FR 63002; 12/4/2001, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Frog, GoliathConraua goliathWherever foundT59 FR 63261; 12/8/1994.
Frog, Israel paintedDiscoglossus nigriventerWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Frog, mountain yellow-legged [Northern California DPS]Rana muscosaNorthern California DPS—U.S.A., northern CaliforniaE79 FR 24255; 4/29/2014.
Frog, mountain yellow-legged [Southern California DPS]Rana muscosaSouthern California DPS—U.S.A., southern CaliforniaE67 FR 44382; 7/2/2002, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Frog, Oregon spottedRana pretiosaWherever foundT79 FR 51657; 8/29/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Frog, Panamanian goldenAtelopus varius zetekiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Frog, Sierra Nevada yellow-leggedRana sierraeWherever foundE79 FR 24255; 4/29/2014.
Frog, Stephen IslandLeiopelma hamiltoniWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
GuajónEleutherodactylus cookiWherever foundT62 FR 31757; 6/11/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Hellbender, OzarkCryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopiWherever foundE76 FR 61956; 10/6/2011.
Salamander, Austin blindEurycea waterlooensisWherever foundE78 FR 51277; 8/20/2013 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, Barton SpringsEurycea sosorumWherever foundE62 FR 23377; 4/30/1997.
Salamander, California tiger [Santa Barbara County DPS]Ambystoma californienseSanta Barbara County DPS—U.S.A. (CA-Santa Barbara County)E65 FR 3109; 1/19/2000, 65 FR 57242; 9/21/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, California tiger [Central California DPS]Ambystoma californienseCentral California DPS—U.S.A. (CA-Central California)T69 FR 47248; 8/4/2004, 50 CFR 17.43(c) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, California tiger [Sonoma County DPS]Ambystoma californienseSonoma County DPS—U.S.A. (CA-Sonoma County)E67 FR 47739; 7/22/2002, 68 FR 13520; 3/19/2003, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, Cheat MountainPlethodon nettingiWherever foundT54 FR 34464; 8/18/1989.
Salamander, Chinese giantAndrias davidianus (=davidianus d.)Wherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Salamander, desert slenderBatrachoseps aridusWherever foundE38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973.
Salamander, frosted flatwoodsAmbystoma cingulatumWherever foundT64 FR 15691; 4/1/1999, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, GeorgetownEurycea naufragiaWherever foundT79 FR 20107; 4/11/2014, 50 CFR 17.43(e) 4d.
Salamander, Japanese giantAndrias japonicus (=davidianus j.)Wherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Salamander, Jemez MountainsPlethodon neomexicanusWherever foundE78 FR 55599; 9/10/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, Jollyville PlateauEurycea tonkawaeWherever foundT78 FR 51277; 8/20/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, Red HillsPhaeognathus hubrichtiWherever foundT41 FR 53032; 12/3/1976.
Salamander, reticulated flatwoodsAmbystoma bishopiWherever foundE74 FR 6700; 2/10/2009, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, SaladoEurycea chisholmensisWherever foundT79 FR 20107; 4/11/2014.
Salamander, San MarcosEurycea nanaWherever foundT45 FR 47355; 7/14/1980, 50 CFR 17.43(a) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Salamander, Santa Cruz long-toedAmbystoma macrodactylum croceumWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Salamander, ShenandoahPlethodon shenandoahWherever foundE54 FR 34464; 8/18/1989.
Salamander, Sonoran tigerAmbystoma tigrinum stebbinsiWherever foundE62 FR 665; 1/6/1997.
Salamander, Texas blindTyphlomolge rathbuniWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Toad, arroyo (=arroyo southwestern)Anaxyrus californicusWherever foundE59 FR 64859; 12/16/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Toad, CameroonBufo superciliarisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Toad, HoustonBufo houstonensisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 CFR 17.95(d) CH.
Toad, Monte Verde goldenBufo periglenesWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Toad, Puerto Rican crestedPeltophryne lemurWherever foundT52 FR 28828; 8/4/1987.
Toad, WyomingBufo hemiophrys baxteriWherever foundE49 FR 1992; 1/17/1984.
Toad, YosemiteAnaxyrus canorusWherever foundT79 FR 24255; 4/29/2014.
Toads, African viviparousNectophrynoides spp.Wherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Fishes
Ala Balik (trout)Salmo platycephalusWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Ayumodoki (loach)Hymenophysa curtaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Blindcat, Mexican (catfish)Prietella phreatophilaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Bocaccio [Puget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS]Sebastes paucispinisPuget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E75 FR 22276; 4/28/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.224CH.
Bonytongue, AsianScleropages formosusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
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Catfish (Thailand)Pangasius sanitwongseiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Catfish, Thailand giantPangasianodon gigasWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Catfish, YaquiIctalurus priceiWherever foundT49 FR 34490; 8/31/1984, 50 CFR 17.44(h) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Cavefish, AlabamaSpeoplatyrhinus poulsoniWherever foundE42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977, 53 FR 37968; 9/28/1988, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Cavefish, OzarkAmblyopsis rosaeWherever foundT49 FR 43965; 11/1/1984.
Chub, bonytailGila elegansWherever foundE45 FR 27710; 4/23/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, Borax LakeGila boraxobiusWherever foundE45 FR 35821; 5/28/1980, 47 FR 43957; 10/5/1982, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, ChihuahuaGila nigrescensWherever foundT48 FR 46053; 10/11/1983, 50 CFR 17.44(g) 4d.
Chub, GilaGila intermediaWherever foundE70 FR 66664; 11/2/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, humpbackGila cyphaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, Hutton tuiGila bicolor ssp.Wherever foundT50 FR 12302; 3/28/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(j) 4d.
Chub, Mohave tuiGila bicolor mohavensisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Chub, Owens tuiGila bicolor snyderiWherever foundE50 FR 31592; 8/5/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, Pahranagat roundtailGila robusta jordaniWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Chub, slenderErimystax cahniWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationT42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977, 50 CFR 17.44(c) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, slenderErimystax cahniU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.84(s)(1)(i))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.84(sr) 10j.
Chub, SonoraGila ditaeniaWherever foundT51 FR 16042; 4/30/1986, 50 CFR 17.44(o) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, spotfinErimonax monachusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationT42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977, 50 CFR 17.44(c) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, spotfinErimonax monachusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the Tellico River; see § 17.84(m)(1)(i))XN67 FR 52420; 8/12/2002, 50 CFR 17.84(m) 10j.
Chub, spotfinErimonax monachusU.S.A. (AL, TN—specified portions of Shoal Creek; see § 17.84(m)(1)(ii))XN70 FR 1286; 1/6/2005, 50 CFR 17.84(m) 10j.
Chub, spotfinErimonax monachusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.84(m)(1)(iii))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.84(m) 10j.
Chub, Virgin RiverGila robusta semidnudaWherever foundE54 FR 35305; 8/24/1989, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Chub, YaquiGila purpureaWherever foundE49 FR 34490; 8/31/1984, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Cicek (minnow)Acanthorutilus handlirschiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Cui-uiChasmistes cujusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Dace, Ash Meadows speckledRhinichthys osculus nevadensisWherever foundE47 FR 19995; 5/10/1982, 48 FR 608; 1/5/1983, 48 FR 40178; 9/2/1983, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Dace, blacksidePhoxinus (=Chrosomus), cumberlandensisWherever foundT52 FR 22580; 6/12/1987.
Dace, Clover Valley speckledRhinichthys osculus oligoporusWherever foundE54 FR 41448; 10/10/1989.
Dace, desertEremichthys acrosWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 FR 50304; 12/10/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(m) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Dace, Foskett speckledRhinichthys osculus ssp.Wherever foundT50 FR 12302; 3/28/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(j) 4d.
Dace, Independence Valley speckledRhinichthys osculus lethoporusWherever foundE54 FR 41448; 10/10//1989, 54 FR 47861; 11/17/1989.
Dace, Kendall Warm SpringsRhinichthys osculus thermalisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Dace, laurelChrosomus sayloriWherever foundE76 FR 48722; 8/9/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Dace, MoapaMoapa coriaceaWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Darter, amberPercina antesellaWherever foundE50 FR 31597; 8/5/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, bayouEtheostoma rubrumWherever foundT40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975, 50 CFR 17.44(b) 4d.
Darter, bluemaskEtheostoma akatuloWherever foundE58 FR 68480; 12/27/1993.
Darter, boulderEtheostoma wapitiWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE53 FR 33996; 9/1/1988.
Darter, boulderEtheostoma wapitiShoal Creek (from Shoal Creek mile 41.7 (66.7 km)) at the mouth of Long Branch, Lawrence County, TN, downstream to the backwaters of Wilson Reservoir (Shoal Creek mile 14 (22 km)) at Goose Shoals, Lauderdale County, AL, including the lower 5 miles (8 km) of all tributaries that enter this reachXN70 FR 1286; 1/6/2005, 50 CFR 17.84(o) 10j.
Darter, CherokeeEtheostoma scottiWherever foundT59 FR 65505; 12/20/1994.
Darter, CumberlandEtheostoma susanaeWherever foundE76 FR 48722; 8/9/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, diamondCrystallaria cincottaWherever foundE78 FR 45074; 7/26/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, duskytailEtheostoma percnurumWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993.
Darter, duskytailEtheostoma percnurumU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the Tellico River; see § 17.84(p)(1)(i))XN67 FR 52420; 8/12/2002, 50 CFR 17.84(q) 10j.
Darter, duskytailEtheostoma percnurumU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.84(q)(1)(ii))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.84(q) 10j.
Darter, EtowahEtheostoma etowahaeWherever foundE59 FR 65505; 12/20/1994.
Darter, fountainEtheostoma fonticolaWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, goldlinePercina aurolineataWherever foundT57 FR 14786; 4/22/1992.
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Darter, leopardPercina pantherinaWherever foundT43 FR 3711; 1/27/1978, 50 CFR 17.44(d) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, MarylandEtheostoma sellareWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, NianguaEtheostoma nianguaeWherever foundT50 FR 24649; 6/12/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(k) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, OkaloosaEtheostoma okaloosaeWherever foundT38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973, 76 FR 18087; 4/1/2011, 50 CFR 17.44(bb) 4d.
Darter, relictEtheostoma chienenseWherever foundE58 FR 68480; 12/27/1993.
Darter, rushEtheostoma phytophilumWherever foundE76 FR 48722; 8/9/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, slackwaterEtheostoma boschungiWherever foundT42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977, 50 CFR 17.44(c) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, snailPercina tanasiWherever foundT40 FR 47505; 10/9/1975, 49 FR 27510; 7/5/1984.
Darter, vermilionEtheostoma chermockiWherever foundE66 FR 59367; 11/28/2001, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Darter, watercressEtheostoma nuchaleWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Darter, yellowcheekEtheostoma mooreiWherever foundE76 FR 48722; 8/9/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Eulachon [Southern DPS]Thaleichthys pacificusSouthern DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T75 FR 13012; 3/18/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.222CH.
Gambusia, Big BendGambusia gaigeiWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Gambusia, Clear CreekGambusia heterochirWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Gambusia, PecosGambusia nobilisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Gambusia, San MarcosGambusia georgeiWherever foundE45 FR 47355; 7/14/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Goby, tidewaterEucyclogobius newberryiWherever foundE59 FR 5494; 2/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Logperch, ConasaugaPercina jenkinsiWherever foundE50 FR 31597; 8/5/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Logperch, RoanokePercina rexWherever foundE54 FR 34468; 8/18/1989.
Madtom, ChuckyNoturus crypticusWherever foundE76 FR 48722; 8/9/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Madtom, NeoshoNoturus placidusWherever foundT55 FR 21148; 5/22/1990.
Madtom, pygmyNoturus stanauliWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993.
Madtom, pygmyNoturus stanauliU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.84(t)(1)(i))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.84(t) 10j.
Madtom, SciotoNoturus trautmaniWherever foundE40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975.
Madtom, smokyNoturus baileyiWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE49 FR 43065; 10/26/1984, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Madtom, smokyNoturus baileyiU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the Tellico River; see § 17.84(r)(1)(i))XN67 FR 52420; 8/12/2002, 50 CFR 17.84(r) 10j.
Madtom, yellowfinNoturus flavipinnisWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationT42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977, 50 CFR 17.44(c) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Madtom, yellowfinNoturus flavipinnisU.S.A. (TN, VA—specified portions of the Holston River and watershed; see § 17.84(e)(1)(i))XN53 FR 29335; 8/4/1988, 50 CFR 17.84(e) 10j.
Madtom, yellowfinNoturus flavipinnisU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the Tellico River; see § 17.84(e)(1)(ii))XN67 FR 52420; 8/12/2002, 50 CFR 17.84(e) 10j.
Madtom, yellowfinNoturus flavipinnisU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.84(e)(1)(iii))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.84(e) 10j.
Minnow, Devils RiverDionda diaboliWherever foundT64 FR 56596; 10/20/1999, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Minnow, loachRhinichthys cobitisWherever foundE51 FR 39468; 10/28/1986, 77 FR 10810; 2/23/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Minnow, Rio Grande silveryHybognathus amarusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE59 FR 36988; 7/20/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Minnow, Rio Grande silveryHybognathus amarusRio Grande, from Little Box Canyon (approximately 10.4 river miles downstream of Fort Quitman, TX) to Amistad Dam; and on the Pecos River, from its confluence with Independence Creek to its confluence with the Rio GrandeXN73 FR 74357; 12/8/2008, 50 CFR 17.84(u) 10j.
Nekogigi (catfish)Coreobagrus ichikawaiWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Pikeminnow, ColoradoPtychocheilus luciusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 50 FR 30188; 7/24/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Pikeminnow, ColoradoPtychocheilus luciusSalt and Verde R. drainages, AZXN50 FR 30188; 7/24/1985, 50 CFR 17.84(b) 10j.
Poolfish, PahrumpEmpetrichthys latosWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Pupfish, Ash Meadows AmargosaCyprinodon nevadensis mionectesWherever foundE47 FR 19995; 5/10/1982, 48 FR 608; 1/5/1983, 48 FR 40178; 9/2/1983, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Pupfish, Comanche SpringsCyprinodon elegansWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Pupfish, desertCyprinodon maculariusWherever foundE51 FR 10842; 3/31/1986, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Pupfish, Devils HoleCyprinodon diabolisWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Pupfish, Leon SpringsCyprinodon bovinusWherever foundE45 FR 54678; 8/15/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Pupfish, OwensCyprinodon radiosusWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Pupfish, Warm SpringsCyprinodon nevadensis pectoralisWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Rockfish, canary [Puget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS]Sebastes pinnigerPuget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T75 FR 22276; 4/28/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Rockfish, yelloweye [Puget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS]Sebastes ruberrimusPuget Sound-Georgia Basin DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T75 FR 22276; 4/28/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Salmon, Atlantic [Gulf of Maine DPS]Salmo salarGulf of Maine DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E65 FR 69459; 11/17/2000 J, 74 FR 29344; 6/19/2009 J, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.217CH.
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Salmon, Chinook [California Coastal ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaCalifornia Coastal ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 50394; 9/16/1999 N, 64 FR 72960; 12/29/1999, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Central Valley spring-run ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaCentral Valley spring-run ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 50394; 9/16/1999 N, 64 FR 72960; 12/29/1999, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Central Valley spring-run ESU—XN]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaCentral Valley spring-run ESU-XN—see 50 CFR 223.102XN78 FR 79622; 12/31/2013 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.30110j.
Salmon, Chinook [Lower Columbia River ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaLower Columbia River ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14308; 3/24/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Puget Sound ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaPuget Sound ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14308; 3/24/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Sacramento River winter-run ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaSacramento River winter-run ESU—see 50 CFR 224.101E55 FR 12191; 4/2/1990 N, 55 FR 12831; 4/6/1990, 55 FR 46515; 11/4/1990 N, 55 FR 49623; 11/30/1990, 59 FR 440; 1/4/1994 N, 59 FR 13836; 3/23/1994, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.204CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Snake River fall-run ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaSnake River fall-run ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T57 FR 14653; 4/22/1992 N, 58 FR 49880; 9/23/1993, 59 FR 42529; 8/18/1994 N, 59 FR 54840; 11/2/1994, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.205CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Snake River spring/summer-run ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaSnake River spring/summer-run ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T57 FR 14653; 4/22/1992 N, 58 FR 49880; 9/23/1993, 59 FR 42529; 8/18/1994 N, 59 FR 54840; 11/2/1994, 70 FR 37160, 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.205CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaUpper Columbia River spring-run ESU—see 50 CFR 224.101E64 FR 14308; 3/24/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU-XN]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaUpper Columbia River spring-run ESU-XN—see 50 CFR 223.102XN79 FR 40004, 7/11/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014, 50 CFR 223.30110j.
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Willamette River ESU]Oncorhynchus tshawytschaUpper Willamette River ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14308; 3/24/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, chum [Columbia River ESU]Oncorhynchus ketaColumbia River ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14508; 3/25/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, chum [Hood Canal summer-run ESU]Oncorhynchus ketaHood Canal summer-run ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14508; 3/25/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, coho [Central California Coast ESU]Oncorhynchus kisutchCentral California Coast ESU—see 50 CFR 224.101E61 FR 56138; 10/31/1996 N, 61 FR 59028; 11/20/1996, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 77 FR 19552; 4/2/2012 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.210CH.
Salmon, coho [Lower Columbia River ESU]Oncorhynchus kisutchLower Columbia River ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d.
Salmon, coho [Oregon Coast ESU]Oncorhynchus kisutchOregon Coast ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T75 FR 29489; 5/26/2010 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 76 FR 35755; 6/20/2011 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, coho [Southern Oregon-Northern California Coast ESU]Oncorhynchus kisutchSouthern Oregon—Northern California Coast ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T62 FR 24588; 5/6/1997 N, 62 FR 33038; 6/18/1997, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.210CH.
Salmon, sockeye [Ozette Lake ESU]Oncorhynchus nerkaOzette Lake ESU—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14528; 3/25/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Salmon, sockeye [Snake River ESU]Oncorhynchus nerkaSnake River ESU—see 50 CFR 224.101E56 FR 58619; 11/20/1991 N, 57 FR 212; 1/3/1992, 70 FR 37160; 6/28/2005 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.205CH.
Sawfish, dwarfPristis clavataWherever foundE79 FR 73978; 12/12/2014 N, 79 FR 3914; 1/26/2015.
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Sawfish, greenPristis zijsronWherever foundE79 FR 73978; 12/12/2014 N, 79 FR 3914; 1/26/2015.
Sawfish, largetoothPristis pristis (formerly Pristis perotteti, Pristis pristis, and Pristis microdon)Wherever foundE76 FR 40822; 9/12/2011 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 79 FR 73978; 12/12/2014 N, 79 FR 3914; 1/26/2015.
Sawfish, narrowAnoxypristis cuspidataWherever foundE79 FR 73978; 12/12/2014 N, 79 FR 3914; 1/26/2015.
Sawfish, smalltooth [Non-U.S. DPS]Pristis pectinataNon-U.S. DPS—Smalltooth sawfish originating from non-U.S. watersE79 FR 73978; 12/12/2014 N, 79 FR 3914; 1/26/2015.
Sawfish, smalltooth [U.S. DPS]Pristis pectinataU.S. DPS—Smalltooth sawfish originating from U.S. watersE68 FR 15674; 4/1/2003 N, 70 FR 69464; 11/16/2005, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.218CH.
Sculpin, grottoCottus specusWherever foundE78 FR 58938; 9/25/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sculpin, pygmyCottus pygmaeusWherever foundT54 FR 39846; 9/28/1989, 50 CFR 17.44(u) 4d.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead [Central & SW Atlantic DPS]Sphyrna lewiniCentral & SW Atlantic DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T79 FR 38214; 7/3/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead [Eastern Atlantic DPS]Sphyrna lewiniEastern Atlantic DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E79 FR 38214; 7/3/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead [Eastern Pacific DPS]Sphyrna lewiniEastern Pacific DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E79 FR 38214; 7/3/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead [Indo-West Pacific DPS]Sphyrna lewiniIndo-West Pacific DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T79 FR 38214; 7/3/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Shiner, Arkansas River [Arkansas River Basin DPS]Notropis girardiArkansas River Basin (AR, KS, NM, OK, TX)T63 FR 64772; 11/23/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, beautifulCyprinella formosaWherever foundT49 FR 34490; 8/31/1984, 50 CFR 17.44(h) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, blueCyprinella caeruleaWherever foundT57 FR 14786; 4/22/1992.
Shiner, CahabaNotropis cahabaeWherever foundE55 FR 42961; 10/25/1990.
Shiner, Cape FearNotropis mekistocholasWherever foundE52 FR 36034; 9/25/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, palezoneNotropis albizonatus.Wherever foundE58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993.
Shiner, Pecos bluntnoseNotropis simus pecosensisWherever foundT52 FR 5295; 2/20/1987, 50 CFR 17.44(r) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, sharpnoseNotropis oxyrhynchusWherever foundE79 FR 45273; 8/4/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, smalleyeNotropis bucculaWherever foundE79 FR 45273; 8/4/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, TopekaNotropis topekaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE63 FR 69008; 12/15/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Shiner, TopekaNotropis topekaU.S.A. (MO—specified portions of Little Creek, Big Muddy Creek, and Spring Creek watersheds in Adair, Gentry, Harrison, Putnam, Sullivan, and Worth Counties; see § 17.84(d)(1)(i))XN78 FR 42702; 7/17/2013, 50 CFR 17.84(d) 10j.
Silverside, WaccamawMenidia extensaWherever foundT52 FR 11277; 4/8/1987, 50 CFR 17.44(s) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Smelt, deltaHypomesus transpacificusWherever foundT58 FR 12854; 3/5/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
SpikedaceMeda fulgidaWherever foundE51 FR 23769; 7/1/1986, 77 FR 10810; 2/23/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Spinedace, Big SpringLepidomeda mollispinis pratensisWherever foundT50 FR 12298; 3/28/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(i) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Spinedace, Little ColoradoLepidomeda vittataWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 52 FR 35034; 9/16/1987, 50 CFR 17.44(t) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Spinedace, White RiverLepidomeda albivallisWherever foundE50 FR 37194; 9/12/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Springfish, Hiko White RiverCrenichthys baileyi grandisWherever foundE50 FR 39123; 9/27/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Springfish, Railroad ValleyCrenichthys nevadaeWherever foundT51 FR 10857; 3/31/1986, 50 CFR 17.44(n) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Springfish, White RiverCrenichthys baileyi baileyiWherever foundE50 FR 39123; 9/27/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Steelhead [California Central Valley DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissCalifornia Central Valley DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T63 FR 13347; 3/19/1998 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Steelhead [Central California Coast DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissCentral California Coast DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T62 FR 43937; 8/18/1997 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Steelhead [Lower Columbia River DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissLower Columbia River DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T63 FR 13347; 3/19/1998 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Steelhead [Middle Columbia River DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissMiddle Columbia River DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14517; 3/25/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Steelhead [Middle Columbia River DPS—XN]Oncorhynchus mykissMiddle Columbia River DPS—XN—see 50 CFR 223.102XN78 FR 2893, 1/15/2013 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.30110j.
Steelhead [Northern California DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissNorthern California DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T65 FR 36075; 6/7/2000 N, 65 FR 54177; 9/7/2000, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Steelhead [Puget Sound DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissPuget Sound DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T72 FR 26722; 5/11/2007 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d.
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Steelhead [Snake River Basin DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissSnake River Basin DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T62 FR 43937; 8/18/1997 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Steelhead [South Central California Coast DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissSouth-Central California Coast DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T62 FR 43937; 8/18/1997 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Steelhead [Southern California DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissSouthern California DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E62 FR 43937; 8/18/1997 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.211CH.
Steelhead [Upper Columbia River DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissUpper Columbia River DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T62 FR 43937; 8/18/1997 N, 63 FR 32996; 6/17/1998, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Steelhead [Upper Willamette River DPS]Oncorhynchus mykissUpper Willamette River DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T64 FR 14517; 3/25/1999 N, 64 FR 41835; 8/2/1999, 71 FR 834; 1/5/2006 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2034d, 50 CFR 226.212CH.
Stickleback, unarmored threespineGasterosteus aculeatus williamsoniWherever foundE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970.
Sturgeon, AdriaticAcipenser naccariiWherever foundE79 FR 31222; 6/2/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Sturgeon, AlabamaScaphirhynchus suttkusiWherever foundE65 FR 26438; 5/5/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies)[Carolina DPS]Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusCarolina DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E77 FR 5914; 2/6/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies)[Chesapeake Bay DPS]Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusChesapeake Bay DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E77 FR 5880; 2/6/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies)[Gulf of Maine DPS]Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusGulf of Maine DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T77 FR 5880; 2/6/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2114d.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies)[New York Bight DPS]Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusNew York Bight DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E77 FR 5880; 2/6/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies)[South Atlantic DPS]Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusSouth Atlantic DPS—see 50 CFR 224.101E77 FR 5914; 2/6/2012 N, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Gulf subspecies)Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoiWherever foundT56 FR 49653; 9/30/1991 N, 56 FR 49658; 9/30/1991, 50 CFR 17.444d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH, 50 CFR 226.214CH.
Sturgeon, belugaHuso husoWherever foundT69 FR 18499; 4/8/2004, 50 CFR 17.44(y) 4d.
Sturgeon, ChineseAcipenser sinensisWherever foundE79 FR 31222; 6/2/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Sturgeon, EuropeanAcipenser sturioWherever foundE79 FR 31222; 6/2/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Sturgeon, green [Southern DPS]Acipenser medirostrisSouthern DPS—see 50 CFR 223.102T71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 223.2104d, 50 CFR 226.219CH.
Sturgeon, KalugaHuso dauricusWherever foundE79 FR 31222; 6/2/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Sturgeon, pallidScaphirhynchus albusWherever foundE55 FR 36641; 9/6/1990.
Sturgeon, SakhalinAcipenser mikadoiWherever foundE79 FR 31222; 6/2/2014 N, 79 FR 52576; 9/4/2014.
Sturgeon, shortnoseAcipenser brevirostrumWherever foundE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Sturgeon, shovelnoseScaphirhynchus platorynchusWherever foundT (S/A)75 FR 53598; 9/1/2010, 50 CFR 17.44(aa) 4d.
Sturgeon, white [Kootenai River DPS]Acipenser transmontanusKootenai River DPS—U.S.A. (ID, MT), Canada (BC), (Kootenai R. system)E59 FR 45989; 9/6/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, JuneChasmistes liorusWherever foundE51 FR 10851; 3/31/1986, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, Lost RiverDeltistes luxatusWherever foundE53 FR 27130; 7/18/1988, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, razorbackXyrauchen texanusWherever foundE56 FR 54957; 10/23/1991, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, Santa Ana [Three CA river basins DPS]Catostomus santaanaeLos Angeles River basin, San Gabriel River basin, Santa Ana River basinT65 FR 19686; 4/12/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, shortnoseChasmistes brevirostrisWherever foundE53 FR 27130; 7/18/1988, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, WarnerCatostomus warnerensisWherever foundT50 FR 39117; 9/27/1985, 50 CFR 17.44(l) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sucker, Zuni blueheadCatostomus discobolus yarrowiWherever foundE79 FR 43131; 7/24/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Sunfish, spring pygmyElassoma alabamaeWherever foundT78 FR 60766; 10/2/2013.
Tango, Miyako (Tokyo bitterling)Tanakia tanagoWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
Temoleh, Ikan (minnow)Probarbus jullieniWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Topminnow, Gila (incl. Yaqui)Poeciliopsis occidentalisU.S.A. onlyE32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
Totoaba (seatrout or weakfish)Cynoscion macdonaldiWherever foundE44 FR 29478; 5/21/1979.
Trout, ApacheOncorhynchus apacheWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 40 FR 29863; 7/16/1975, 50 CFR 17.44(a) 4d.
Trout, bull [Lower 48 States DPS]Salvelinus confluentusU.S.A., coterminous (lower 48 states), except where listed as an experimental populationT63 FR 31647; 6/10/1998, 63 FR 42757; 8/11/1998, 64 FR 17110; 4/8/1999, 64 FR 58910; 11/1/1999, 50 CFR 17.44(w) 4d, 50 CFR 17.44(x) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Trout, bullSalvelinus confluentusClackamas River subbasin and the mainstem Willamette River, from Willamette Falls to its points of confluence with the Columbia River, including Multnomah ChannelXN76 FR 35979; 6/21/2011, 50 CFR 17.84(v) 10j.
Trout, GilaOncorhynchus gilaeWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 71 FR 40657; 7/18/2006, 50 CFR 17.44(z) 4d.
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Trout, greenback cutthroatOncorhynchus clarkii stomiasWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 43 FR 16343; 4/18/1978, 50 CFR 17.44(f) 4d.
Trout, Lahontan cutthroatOncorhynchus clarkii henshawiWherever foundT35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 40 FR 29863; 7/16/1975, 50 CFR 17.44(a) 4d.
Trout, Little Kern goldenOncorhynchus aguabonita whiteiWherever foundT43 FR 15427; 4/13/1978, 50 CFR 17.44(e) 4d, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
Trout, Paiute cutthroatOncorhynchus clarkii selenirisWherever foundT32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967, 40 FR 29863; 7/16/1975, 50 CFR 17.44(a) 4d.
WoundfinPlagopterus argentissimusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970, 50 FR 30188; 7/24/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(e) CH.
WoundfinPlagopterus argentissimusGila R. drainage, AZ, NMXN50 FR 30188; 7/24/1985, 50 CFR 17.84(b) 10j.
Clams
Acornshell, southernEpioblasma othcaloogensisWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Bankclimber, purpleElliptoideus sloatianusWherever foundT63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Bean, ChoctawVillosa choctawensisWherever foundE77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Bean, CumberlandVillosa trabalisWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Bean, CumberlandVillosa trabalisU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Bean, CumberlandVillosa trabalisU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Bean, PurpleVillosa perpurpureaWherever foundE62 FR 1647; 1/10/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Blossom, greenEpioblasma torulosa gubernaculumWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Blossom, tubercledEpioblasma torulosa torulosaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Blossom, tubercledEpioblasma torulosa torulosaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Blossom, turgidEpioblasma turgidulaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Blossom, turgidEpioblasma turgidulaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Blossom, yellowEpioblasma florentina florentinaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Blossom, yellowEpioblasma florentina florentinaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Purple cat's paw (pearlymussel)Epioblasma obliquata obliquataWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE55 FR 28209; 7/10/1990.
Purple cat's paw (pearlymussel)Epioblasma obliquata obliquataU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Catspaw, white (pearlymussel)Epioblasma obliquata perobliquaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
ClubshellPleurobema clavaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE58 FR 5638; 1/22/1993.
ClubshellPleurobema clavaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Clubshell, blackPleurobema curtumWherever foundE52 FR 11162; 4/7/1987.
Clubshell, ovatePleurobema perovatumWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Clubshell, southernPleurobema decisumWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Combshell, CumberlandianEpioblasma brevidensWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE62 FR 1647; 1/10/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Combshell, CumberlandianEpioblasma brevidensU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Combshell, CumberlandianEpioblasma brevidensU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1)XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Combshell, southernEpioblasma (=Dysnomia) penitaWherever foundE52 FR 11162; 4/7/1987.
Combshell, uplandEpioblasma metastriataWherever foundE77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Ebonyshell, roundFusconaia rotulataWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Elktoe, AppalachianAlasmidonta ravenelianaWherever foundE59 FR 60324; 11/23/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Elktoe, CumberlandAlasmidonta atropurpureaWherever foundE62 FR 1647; 1/10/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
FanshellCyprogenia stegariaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE55 FR 25591; 6/21/1990.
FanshellCyprogenia stegariaU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Fatmucket, ArkansasLampsilis powelliWherever foundT55 FR 12797; 4/5/1990.
Heelsplitter, inflatedPotamilus inflatusWherever foundT55 FR 39868; 9/28/1990.
Heelsplitter, CarolinaLasmigona decorataWherever foundE58 FR 34926; 6/30/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Higgins eye (pearlymussel)Lampsilis higginsiiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Kidneyshell, flutedPtychobranchus subtentusWherever foundE78 FR 59269; 9/26/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Kidneyshell, southernPtychobranchus jonesiWherever foundE77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Kidneyshell, triangularPtychobranchus greeniiWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Lampmussel, AlabamaLampsilis virescensWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Lampmussel, AlabamaLampsilis virescensU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Lilliput, paleToxolasma cylindrellusWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Mapleleaf, winged (mussel)Quadrula fragosaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE56 FR 28345; 6/20/1991.
Mapleleaf, winged (mussel)Quadrula fragosaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
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Moccasinshell, AlabamaMedionidus acutissimusWherever foundT58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Moccasinshell, CoosaMedionidus parvulusWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Moccasinshell, GulfMedionidus penicillatusWherever foundE63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Moccasinshell, OchlockoneeMedionidus simpsonianusWherever foundE63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel)Quadrula sparsaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monkeyface, Appalachian (pearlymussel)Quadrula sparsaU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Monkeyface, CumberlandQuadrula intermediaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Monkeyface, CumberlandQuadrula intermediaU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Monkeyface, CumberlandQuadrula intermediaU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Mucket, NeoshoLampsilis rafinesqueanaWherever foundE78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Mucket, orangenacreLampsilis perovalisWherever foundT58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Mucket, pink (pearlymussel)Lampsilis abruptaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Mussel, oysterEpioblasma capsaeformisWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE62 FR 1647; 1/10/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Mussel, oysterEpioblasma capsaeformisU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Mussel, oysterEpioblasma capsaeformisU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Mussel, rayed beanVillosa fabalisWherever foundE77 FR 8632; 2/14/2012.
Mussel, scaleshellLeptodea leptodonWherever foundE66 FR 51322; 10/9/2001.
Pearlshell, AlabamaMargaritifera marrianaeWherever foundE77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pearlshell, LouisianaMargaritifera hembeliWherever foundT53 FR 3567; 2/5/1988, 58 FR 49935; 9/24/1993.
Pearlymussel, birdwingLemiox rimosusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pearlymussel, birdwingLemiox rimosusU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Pearlymussel, birdwingLemiox rimosusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pearlymussel, crackingHemistena lataWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE54 FR 39850; 9/28/1989.
Pearlymussel, crackingHemistena lataU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Pearlymussel, crackingHemistena lataU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pearlymussel, CurtisEpioblasma florentina curtisiiWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pearlymussel, dromedaryDromus dromasWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pearlymussel, dromedaryDromus dromasU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Pearlymussel, dromedaryDromus dromasU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pearlymussel, littlewingPegias fabulaWherever foundE53 FR 45861; 11/14/1988.
Pearlymussel, Nicklin'sMegalonaias nicklineanaWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pearlymussel, slabsidePleuronaia dolabelloidesWherever foundE78 FR 59269; 9/26/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pearlymussel, TampicoCyrtonaias tampicoensis tecomatensisWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pigtoe, CumberlandPleurobema gibberumWherever foundE56 FR 21084; 5/7/1991.
Pigtoe, darkPleurobema furvumWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, finerayedFusconaia cuneolusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pigtoe, finerayedFusconaia cuneolusU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Pigtoe, finerayedFusconaia cuneolusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pigtoe, flatPleurobema marshalliWherever foundE52 FR 11162; 4/7/1987.
Pigtoe, fuzzyPleurobema strodeanumWherever foundT77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, GeorgiaPleurobema hanleyianumWherever foundE75 FR 67512; 11/2/2010, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, heavyPleurobema taitianumWherever foundE52 FR 11162; 4/7/1987.
Pigtoe, narrowFusconaia escambiaWherever foundT77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, ovalPleurobema pyriformeWherever foundE63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, roughPleurobema plenumWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pigtoe, roughPleurobema plenumU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pigtoe, shinyFusconaia corWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pigtoe, shinyFusconaia corU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
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Pigtoe, shinyFusconaia corU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pigtoe, southernPleurobema georgianumWherever foundE58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pigtoe, taperedFusconaia burkeiWherever foundT77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pimpleback, orangefootPlethobasus cooperianusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pimpleback, orangefootPlethobasus cooperianusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pink, ringObovaria retusaWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE54 FR 40109; 9/29/1989.
Pink, ringObovaria retusaU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Pocketbook, fatPotamilus capaxWherever foundE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Pocketbook, finelinedLampsilis altilisWherever foundT58 FR 14330; 3/17/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Rock-pocketbook, OuachitaArkansia wheeleriWherever foundE56 FR 54950; 10/23/1991.
Pocketbook, shinyrayedLampsilis subangulataWherever foundE63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Pocketbook, speckledLampsilis streckeriWherever foundE54 FR 8339; 2/28/1989.
RabbitsfootQuadrula cylindrica cylindricaWherever foundT78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Rabbitsfoot, roughQuadrula cylindrica strigillataWherever foundE62 FR 1647; 1/10/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Riffleshell, northernEpioblasma torulosa rangianaWherever foundE58 FR 5638; 1/22/1993.
Riffleshell, tanEpioblasma florentina walkeri (=E. walkeri)Wherever foundE42 FR 42351; 8/23/1977.
Sandshell, southernHamiota australisWherever foundT77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
SheepnosePlethobasus cyphyusWherever foundE77 FR 14914;3/13/2012.
Slabshell, ChipolaElliptio chipolaensisWherever foundT63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Snuffbox (mussel)Epioblasma triquetraWherever foundE77 FR 8632; 2/14/2012.
SpectaclecaseCumberlandia monodontaWherever foundE77 FR 14914; 3/13/2012.
Spinymussel, AltamahaElliptio spinosaWherever foundE76 FR 62928; 10/11/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Spinymussel, JamesPleurobema collinaWherever foundE53 FR 27689; 7/22/1988.
Spinymussel, Tar RiverElliptio steinstansanaWherever foundE50 FR 26572; 6/27/1985.
StirrupshellQuadrula stapesWherever foundE52 FR 11162; 4/7/1987.
Threeridge, fatAmblema neisleriiWherever foundE63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Wartyback, whitePlethobasus cicatricosusWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976.
Wartyback, whitePlethobasus cicatricosusU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Wedgemussel, dwarfAlasmidonta heterodonWherever foundE55 FR 9447; 3/14/1990.
Snails
Abalone, BlackHaliotis cracherodiiWherever foundE74 FR 1937; 1/14/2009 N, 76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 50 CFR 226.221CH.
Abalone, whiteHaliotis sorenseniWherever foundE66 FR 29054; 5/29/2001 N, 70 FR 69464; 11/16/2005.
Ambersnail, KanabOxyloma haydeni kanabensisWherever foundE56 FR 37668; 8/8/1991, 57 FR 13657; 4/17/1992, 57 FR 44340; 9/25/1992.
Campeloma, slenderCampeloma decampiWherever foundE65 FR 10033; 2/25/2000.
Cavesnail, Tumbling CreekAntrobia culveriWherever foundE67 FR 52879; 8/14/2002, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Elimia, lacyElimia crenatellaWherever foundT63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Hornsnail, roughPleurocera foremaniWherever foundE75 FR 67512; 11/2/2010, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Limpet, Banbury SpringsLanx sp.Wherever foundE57 FR 59244; 12/14/1992.
Lioplax, cylindricalLioplax cyclostomaformisWherever foundE63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Marstonia, armored (snail)Pyrgulopsis (=Marstonia) pachytaWherever foundE65 FR 10033; 2/25/2000.
Marstonia, royalPyrgulopsis ogmorhapheWherever foundE59 FR 17994; 4/15/1994.
Pebblesnail, flatLepyrium showalteriWherever foundE63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Pecos assimineaAssiminea pecosWherever foundE76 FR 33036; 6/7/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Riversnail, Anthony'sAthearnia anthonyiWherever found, except where listed as an experimental populationE59 FR 17994; 4/15/1994.
Riversnail, Anthony'sAthearnia anthonyiU.S.A. (AL—specified portions of the Tennessee River; see § 17.85(a)(1))XN66 FR 32250; 6/14/2001, 50 CFR 17.85(a) 10j.
Riversnail, Anthony'sAthearnia anthonyiU.S.A. (TN—specified portions of the French Broad and Holston Rivers; see § 17.85(b)(1))XN72 FR 52434; 9/13/2007, 50 CFR 17.85(b) 10j.
Rocksnail, interruptedLeptoxis foremaniWherever foundE75 FR 67512; 11/2/2010, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Rocksnail, paintedLeptoxis taeniataWherever foundT63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Rocksnail, plicateLeptoxis plicataWherever foundE63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Rocksnail, roundLeptoxis amplaWherever foundT63 FR 57610; 10/28/1998.
Snail, Bliss RapidsTaylorconcha serpenticolaWherever foundT57 FR 59244; 12/14/1992.
Snail, Chittenango ovate amberSuccinea chittenangoensisWherever foundT43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, flat-spired three-toothedTriodopsis platysayoidesWherever foundT43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, fragile tree (Akaleha dogas, Denden)Samoana fragilisWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Snail, Guam tree (Akaleha, Denden)Partula radiolataWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Snail, humped tree (Akaleha, Denden)Partula gibbaWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Snail, Iowa PleistoceneDiscus macclintockiWherever foundE43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, Lanai treePartulina semicarinataWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013.
Snail, Lanai treePartulina variabilisWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013.
Snail, Langford's tree (Akaleha, Denden)Partula langfordiWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Snail, Manus Island treePapustyla pulcherrimaWherever foundE35 FR 8491; 6/2/1970.
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Snail, Morro shoulderband (=Banded dune)Helminthoglypta walkerianaWherever foundE59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Snail, Newcomb'sErinna newcombiWherever foundT65 FR 4162; 1/26/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Snail, Newcomb's treeNewcombia cumingiWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Snail, noondayMesodon clarki nantahalaWherever foundT43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, painted snake coiled forestAnguispira pictaWherever foundT43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, Snake River physaPhysa natricinaWherever foundE57 FR 59244; 12/14/1992.
Snail, Stock Island treeOrthalicus reses (not incl. nesodryas )Wherever foundT43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snail, tulotomaTulotoma magnificaWherever foundT56 FR 797; 1/9/1991, 76 FR 31866; 6/2/2011.
Snail, Virginia fringed mountainPolygyriscus virginianusWherever foundE43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978.
Snails, Oahu treeAchatinella spp.Wherever foundE46 FR 3178; 1/13/1981, 46 FR 40025; 8/6/1981.
Springsnail, AlamosaTryonia alamosaeWherever foundE56 FR 49646; 9/30/1991.
Springsnail, Bruneau HotPyrgulopsis bruneauensisWherever foundE58 FR 5938; 1/25/1993.
Springsnail, ChupaderaPyrgulopsis chupaderaeWherever foundE77 FR 41088; 7/12/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Springsnail, Koster'sJuturnia kosteriaWherever foundE76 FR 33036; 6/7/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Springsnail, PhantomPyrgulopsis texanaWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Springsnail, RoswellPyrgulopsis roswellensisWherever foundE76 FR 33036; 6/7/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Springsnail, San BernardinoPyrgulopsis bernardinaWherever foundT77 FR 23060; 4/17/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Springsnail, SocorroPyrgulopsis neomexicanaWherever foundE56 FR 49646; 9/30/1991.
Springsnail, Three ForksPyrgulopsis trivialisWherever foundE77 FR 23060; 4/17/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Tryonia, DiamondPseudotryonia adamantinaWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Tryonia, GonzalesTryonia circumstriataWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Tryonia, PhantomTryonia cheatumiWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(f) CH.
Insects
Beetle, American buryingNicrophorus americanusEntire, except where listed as an experimental populationE54 FR 29652; 7/13/1989.
Beetle, American buryingNicrophorus americanusIn southwestern Missouri, the counties of Cedar, St. Clair, Bates, and VernonXN77 FR 16712; 3/22/2012, 50 CFR 17.85(c) 10j.
Beetle, Casey's JuneDinacoma caseyiWherever foundE76 FR 58954; 9/22/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Coffin Cave moldBatrisodes texanusWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988, 58 FR 43818; 8/18/1993.
Beetle, Comal Springs dryopidStygoparnus comalensisWherever foundE62 FR 66295; 12/18/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Comal Springs riffleHeterelmis comalensisWherever foundE62 FR 66295; 12/18/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, delta green groundElaphrus viridisWherever foundT45 FR 52807; 8/8/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Helotes moldBatrisodes venyiviWherever foundE70 FR 69854; 11/17/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Hungerford's crawling waterBrychius hungerfordiWherever foundE59 FR 10580; 3/7/1994.
Beetle, Kretschmarr Cave moldTexamaurops reddelliWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988, 58 FR 43818; 8/18/1993.
Beetle, Mount Hermon JunePolyphylla barbataWherever foundE62 FR 3616; 1/24/1997.
Beetle, (no common name)Rhadine exilisWherever foundE70 FR 69854; 11/17/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, (no common name)Rhadine infernalisWherever foundE70 FR 69854; 11/17/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Northeastern beach tigerCicindela dorsalis dorsalisWherever foundT55 FR 32088; 8/7/1990.
Beetle, Ohlone tigerCicindela ohloneWherever foundE66 FR 50340; 8/3/2001.
Beetle, Puritan tigerCicindela puritanaWherever foundT55 FR 32088; 8/7/1990.
Beetle, Salt Creek tigerCicindela nevadica lincolnianaWherever foundE70 FR 58335; 10/6/2005, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Beetle, Tooth Cave groundRhadine persephoneWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988.
Beetle, valley elderberry longhornDesmocerus californicus dimorphusWherever foundT45 FR 52803; 8/8/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Bartram's scrub-hairstreakStrymon acis bartramiWherever foundE79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, bay checkerspotEuphydryas editha bayensisWherever foundT52 FR 35366; 9/18/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Behren's silverspotSpeyeria zerene behrensiiWherever foundE62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997.
Butterfly, callippe silverspotSpeyeria callippe callippeWherever foundE62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997.
Butterfly, cassius blueLeptotes cassius theonusCoastal south and central FLT (S/A)77 FR 20948; 4/6/2012.
Butterfly, ceraunus blueHemiargus ceraunus antibubastusCoastal south and central FLT (S/A)77 FR 20948; 4/6/2012.
Butterfly, Corsican swallowtailPapilio hospitonWherever foundE58 FR 4356; 1/14/1993.
Butterfly, El Segundo blueEuphilotes battoides allyniWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, Fender's blueIcaricia icarioides fenderiWherever foundE65 FR 3875; 1/25/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Florida leafwingAnaea troglodyta floridalisWherever foundE79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Homerus swallowtailPapilio homerusWherever foundE58 FR 4356; 1/14/1993.
Butterfly, Karner blueLycaeides melissa samuelisWherever foundE57 FR 59236; 12/14/1992.
Butterfly, Lange's metalmarkApodemia mormo langeiWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, lotis blueLycaeides argyrognomon lotisWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, Luzon peacock swallowtailPapilio chikaeWherever foundE58 FR 4356; 1/14/1993.
Butterfly, Mariana eight-spot (Ababbang, Libweibwogh)Hypolimnas octocula marianensisWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Butterfly, Mariana wandering (Ababbang, Libweibwogh)Vagrans egistinaWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Butterfly, Miami blueCyclargus thomasi bethunebakeriWherever foundE77 FR 20948; 4/6/2012.
Butterfly, mission blueIcaricia icarioides missionensisWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, Mitchell's satyrNeonympha mitchellii mitchelliiWherever foundE56 FR 28825; 6/25/1991, 57 FR 21564; 5/20/1992.
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Butterfly, Mount Charleston blueIcaricia (Plebejus) shasta charlestonensisWherever foundE78 FR 57749; 9/19/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Myrtle's silverspotSpeyeria zerene myrtleaeWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Butterfly, nickerbean blueCyclargus ammonCoastal south and central FLT (S/A)77 FR 20948; 4/6/2012, 50 CFR 17.47(a) 4d.
Butterfly, Oregon silverspotSpeyeria zerene hippolytaWherever foundT45 FR 44935; 7/2/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Palos Verdes blueGlaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensisWherever foundE45 FR 44935; 7/2/1980, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Queen Alexandra's birdwingTroides alexandraeWherever foundE54 FR 38950; 9/21/1989.
Butterfly, Quino checkerspotEuphydryas editha quinoWherever foundE62 FR 2313; 1/16/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Saint Francis' satyrNeonympha mitchellii francisciWherever foundE59 FR 18324; 4/18/1994, 60 FR 5264; 1/26/1995.
Butterfly, San Bruno elfinCallophrys mossii bayensisWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, Schaus swallowtailHeraclides aristodemus ponceanusWherever foundE41 FR 17736; 4/28/1976, 49 FR 34501; 8/31/1984.
Butterfly, Smith's blueEuphilotes enoptes smithiWherever foundE41 FR 22041; 6/14/1976.
Butterfly, Taylor's checkerspotEuphydryas editha tayloriWherever foundE78 FR 61451; 10/3/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Butterfly, Uncompahgre fritillaryBoloria acrocnemaWherever foundE56 FR 28712; 6/24/1991.
Damselfly, blackline HawaiianMegalagrion nigrohamatum nigrolineatumWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Damselfly, crimson HawaiianMegalagrion leptodemasWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Damselfly, flying earwig HawaiianMegalagrion nesiotesWherever foundE52 FR 21481; 6/5/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Damselfly, oceanic HawaiianMegalagrion oceanicumWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Damselfly, Pacific HawaiianMegalagrion pacificumWherever foundE52 FR 21481; 6/5/1987, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Damselfly, Rota blue (Dulalas Luta, Dulalas Luuta)Ischnura lutaWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Dragonfly, Hine's emeraldSomatochlora hineanaWherever foundE60 FR 5267; 1/26/1995, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Delhi Sands flower-lovingRhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalisWherever foundE58 FR 49881; 9/23/1993.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila aglaiaWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila differensWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila digressaWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila hemipezaWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila heteroneuraWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila montgomeryiWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila mulliWherever foundT71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila musaphiliaWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila neoclavisetaeWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila obataiWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila ochrobasisWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila sharpiWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila substenopteraWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila tarphytrichiaWherever foundE71 FR 26835; 5/9/2006, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Grasshopper, Zayante band-wingedTrimerotropis infantilisWherever foundE62 FR 3616; 1/24/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Moth, Blackburn's sphinxManduca blackburniWherever foundE65 FR 4770; 2/1/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Moth, Kern primrose sphinxEuproserpinus euterpeWherever foundT45 FR 24088; 4/8/1980.
Naucorid, Ash MeadowsAmbrysus amargosusWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Skipper, Carson wanderingPseudocopaeodes eunus obscurusU.S.A., (Lassen County, CA; Washoe County, NV)E67 FR 51116; 8/7/2002.
Skipper, DakotaHesperia dacotaeWherever foundT79 FR 63671;10/24/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH, 50 CFR 17.47(b) 4d.
Skipper, Laguna MountainsPyrgus ruralis lagunaeWherever foundE62 FR 2313; 1/16/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Skipper, Pawnee montaneHesperia leonardus montanaWherever foundT52 FR 36176; 9/25/1987.
Skipperling, PoweshiekOarisma poweshiekWherever foundE79 FR 63671;10/24/2014, 50 CFR 17.95(i) CH.
Arachnids
Harvestman, Bee Creek CaveTexella reddelliWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988, 58 FR 43818; 8/18/1993.
Harvestman, Bone CaveTexella reyesiWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988, 58 FR 43818; 8/18/1993.
Harvestman, Cokendolpher caveTexella cokendolpheriWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Meshweaver, Braken Bat CaveCircurina veniiWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Meshweaver, Government Canyon Bat CaveCircurina vesperaWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Meshweaver, Madla CaveCicurina madlaWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Meshweaver, Robber Baron CaveCicurina baroniaWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Pseudoscorpion, Tooth CaveTartarocreagris texanaWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988.
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Spider, Government Canyon Bat CaveNeoleptoneta micropsWherever foundE65 FR 69624; 11/17/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Spider, Kauai cave wolfAdelocosa anopsWherever foundE65 FR 2348; 1/14/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Spider, spruce-fir mossMicrohexura montivagaWherever foundE60 FR 6968; 2/6/1995, 50 CFR 17.95(g) CH.
Spider, Tooth CaveNeoleptoneta myopicaWherever foundE53 FR 36029; 9/16/1988.
Crustaceans
Amphipod, diminutiveGammarus hyalleloidesWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Amphipod, Hay's SpringStygobromus hayiWherever foundE47 FR 5425; 2/5/1982.
Amphipod, Illinois CaveGammarus acherondytesWherever foundE63 FR 46900; 9/3/1998.
Amphipod, Kauai caveSpelaeorchestia koloanaWherever foundE65 FR 2348; 1/14/2000, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Amphipod, Noel'sGammarus desperatusWherever foundE76 FR 33036; 6/7/2011, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Amphipod, Peck's caveStygobromus (=Stygonectes) PeckiWherever foundE62 FR 66295; 12/18/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Amphipod, PecosGammarus pecosWherever foundE78 FR 41227; 7/9/2013, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Crayfish, Big SandyCambarus callainusWherever foundT81 FR 20449; 4/7/2016.
Crayfish, caveCambarus aculabrumWherever foundE58 FR 25742; 4/27/1993.
Crayfish, caveCambarus zophonastesWherever foundE52 FR 11170; 4/7/1987.
Crayfish, Guyandotte Riverambarus veteranusWherever foundE81 FR 20449; 4/7/2016.
Crayfish, NashvilleOrconectes shoupiWherever foundE51 FR 34410; 9/3/1986.
Crayfish, ShastaPacifastacus fortisWherever foundE53 FR 38460; 9/30/1988.
Fairy shrimp, ConservancyBranchinecta conservatioWherever foundE59 FR 48136; 9/19/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Fairy shrimp, longhornBranchinecta longiantennaWherever foundE59 FR 48136; 9/19/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Fairy shrimp, RiversideStreptocephalus woottoniWherever foundE58 FR 41384; 8/3/1993, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Fairy shrimp, San DiegoBranchinecta sandiegonensisWherever foundE62 FR 4925; 2/3/1997, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Fairy shrimp, vernal poolBranchinecta lynchiWherever foundE59 FR 48136; 9/19/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Isopod, Lee County caveLirceus usdagalunWherever foundE57 FR 54722; 11/20/1992.
Isopod, Madison CaveAntrolana liraWherever foundT47 FR 43699; 10/4/1982, 50 CFR 17.46(a) 4d.
Isopod, SocorroThermosphaeroma thermophilusWherever foundE43 FR 12690; 3/27/1978.
Shrimp, Alabama cavePalaemonias alabamaeWherever foundE53 FR 34696; 9/7/1988.
Shrimp, anchialine poolVetericaris chaceorumWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Shrimp, California freshwaterSyncaris pacificaWherever foundE53 FR 43884; 10/31/1988.
Shrimp, Kentucky cavePalaemonias ganteriWherever foundE48 FR 46337; 10/12/1983, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Shrimp, Squirrel Chimney cavePalaemonetes cummingiWherever foundT55 FR 25588; 6/21/1990.
Tadpole shrimp, vernal poolLepidurus packardiWherever foundE59 FR 48136; 9/19/1994, 50 CFR 17.95(h) CH.
Corals
Coral, (no common name)Acropora globicepsWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora jacquelineaeWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora lokaniWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora pharaonisWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora retusaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora rudisWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora speciosaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Acropora tenellaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Anacropora spinosaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Euphyllia paradivisaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Isopora crateriformisWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Montipora australiensisWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Pavona diffluensWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Porites napoporaWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, (no common name)Seriatopora aculeataWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, boulder starOrbicella franksiWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, elkhornAcropora palmataWherever foundT76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014, 50 CFR 223.2084d, 50 CFR 226.216CH.
Coral, lobed starOrbicella annularisWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, mountainous starOrbicella faveolataWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, pillarDendrogyra cylindrusWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
Coral, rough cactusMycetophyllia feroxWherever foundT79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014.
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Coral, staghornAcropora cervicornisWherever foundT76 FR 20558; 4/13/2011, 79 FR 42687; 7/23/2014, 79 FR 53852; 9/10/2014 N, 79 FR 67356; 11/13/2014, 50 CFR 223.2084d, 50 CFR 226.216CH.
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3. Revise § 17.12 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Endangered and threatened plants.

(a) The list in paragraph (h) of this section contains the plant species determined by the Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (hereafter in this section referred to as “the Services”) to be endangered species or threatened species. It also contains the plant species treated as endangered or threatened because they are similar in appearance to and may be confused with endangered or threatened species (see §§ 17.50 through 17.52). The “Common name,” “Scientific name,” “Where listed,” and “Status” columns provide regulatory information; together, they identify listed plant species within the meaning of the Act and describe where they are protected. When a taxon has more than one entry, the “Where listed” or “Status” column will identify its status in each relevant geographic area. The listing of a particular taxon includes all lower taxonomic units.

(b) “Scientific name” column. The Services use the most recently accepted scientific name. In cases where confusion might arise, one or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the “Scientific name” column. The Services will rely to the extent practicable on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) to determine a species' scientific name. ITIS incorporates the naming principles established by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (see paragraph (g) of this section). If the scientific name in ITIS differs from the scientific name adopted for use under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the CITES nomenclature will be provided in brackets “[ ]” within the “Scientific name” column following the ITIS nomenclature.

(c) “Common name” column. Although common names are included, they cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may vary greatly in local usage. In cases where confusion might arise, one or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the “Common name” column.

(d) “Where listed” column. The “Where listed” column sets forth the geographic area where the species is listed for purposes of the Act. Except when providing a geographic description of an experimental population designation, “Wherever found” will be used to indicate the Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species, wherever found.

(e) “Status” column. Within the “Status” column, the following abbreviations are used:

AbbreviationRegulatory status the abbreviation represents
EEndangered species.
TThreatened species.
E (S/A)Endangered based on similarity of appearance to an existing listed species.
T (S/A)Threatened based on similarity of appearance to an existing listed species.
XEEssential experimental population (See subpart H of this part).
XNNonessential experimental population (See subpart H of this part).

(f) “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column. The “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column is nonregulatory in nature and is provided for informational and navigational purposes only. Please note that the sections of part 17 that include designations of critical habitat for plants are organized by family name. A link to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), which displays the taxonomic hierarchy of a species, including its family name, is provided on each species' profile page accessible through the Service's Web site (http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​) or information is available directly through the ITIS (http://www.itis.gov/​).

(1) Within the “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column, the following superscripts are used:

@

SuperscriptDescription of citation or rule
NNMFS listing citation (NMFS Lead).
JBoth FWS and NMFS listing citation (Joint Jurisdiction).
CHCritical habitat rule.
4dSpecies-specific “4(d)” rule (a rule issued under the authority of section 4(d) of the Act).
10jSpecies-specific “10(j)” rule (a rule issued under the authority of section 10(j) of the Act).

(2) Listing citations contain the volume, document starting page number, and publication date of the Federal Register publication(s) in which a species' status was assessed. At least since 1973, these documents have included a statement indicating the basis for the listing or reclassification, as well as the effective date(s) of the listing or other rules that changed how the species was identified in the list in paragraph (h) of this section.

(3) “Critical habitat” and “Species-specific” rules superscripts provide cross-references to other sections in part 17 or part 222, 223, or 226 of chapter II of this title where critical habitat and species-specific rules are found. The species-specific superscripts also identify experimental populations. Experimental populations (superscript “10j”) are a separate citation, with one of the following symbols in the “Status” column: “XE” for an essential experimental population and “XN” for a nonessential experimental population.Start Printed Page 51584

(4) This column is for reference and navigational purposes only. All other appropriate rules in part 17, parts 217 through 226 of chapter II of this title, and part 402 of chapter IV of this title apply, if no species-specific rules are referenced. In addition, other rules in this title could relate to such species (for example, port-of-entry requirements). The references in the “Listing Citations and Applicable Rules” column do not comprise a comprehensive list of all regulations that the Services might apply to the species or to the regulations of other Federal agencies or State or local governments.

(g) The Services will rely to the extent practicable on ITIS (http://www.itis.gov) and standard references adopted for CITES (http://cites.org).

(h) The “List of Endangered and Threatened Plants” is provided in the table in this paragraph (h):

Scientific nameCommon nameWhere listedStatusListing citations and applicable rules
Flowering Plants
Abronia macrocarpaLarge-fruited sand-verbenaWherever foundE53 FR 37975; 9/28/1988.
Abutilon eremitopetalumNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 47686; 9/20/1991.
Abutilon menziesiiKo`oloa`ulaWherever foundE51 FR 34412; 9/26/1986.
Abutilon sandwicenseNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Acaena exiguaLiliwaiWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Acanthomintha ilicifoliaSan Diego thornmintWherever foundT63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Acanthomintha obovata ssp. duttoniiSan Mateo thornmintWherever foundE50 FR 37858; 9/18/1985.
Achyranthes muticaNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Achyranthes splendens var. rotundataRound-leaved chaff-flowerWherever foundE51 FR 10518; 3/26/1986, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Acmispon dendroideus var. traskiaeSan Clemente Island lotusWherever foundT42 FR 40685; 8/11/1977.
Aconitum noveboracenseNorthern wild monkshoodWherever foundT43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978.
Aeschynomene virginicaSensitive joint-vetchWherever foundT57 FR 21569; 5/20/1992.
Agalinis acutaSandplain gerardiaWherever foundE53 FR 34701; 9/7/1988.
Agave eggersianaNo common nameWherever foundE79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Alectryon macrococcusMahoeWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Allium munziiMunz's onionWherever foundE63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Alopecurus aequalis var. sonomensisSonoma alopecurusWherever foundE62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997.
Amaranthus browniiNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 43178; 8/21/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(g)CH.
Amaranthus pumilusSeabeach amaranthWherever foundT58 FR 18035; 4/7/1993.
Ambrosia cheiranthifoliaSouth Texas ambrosiaWherever foundE59 FR 43648; 8/24/1994.
Ambrosia pumilaSan Diego ambrosiaWherever foundE67 FR 44372; 7/2/2002, 50 CFR 17.96CH.
Amorpha crenulataCrenulate lead-plantWherever foundE50 FR 29345; 7/18/1985.
Amphianthus pusillusLittle amphianthusWherever foundT53 FR 3560; 2/5/1988.
Amsinckia grandifloraLarge-flowered fiddleneckWherever foundE50 FR 19374; 5/8/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Amsonia kearneyanaKearney's blue-starWherever foundE54 FR 2131; 1/19/1989.
Ancistrocactus tobuschiiTobusch fishhook cactusWherever foundE44 FR 64736; 11/7/1979.
Apios priceanaPrice's potato-beanWherever foundT55 FR 429; 1/5/1990.
Arabis georgianaGeorgia rockcressWherever foundT79 FR 54627; 9/12/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Arabis hoffmanniiHoffmann's rock-cressWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Arabis mcdonaldianaMcDonald's rock-cressWherever foundE43 FR 44810; 9/28/1978.
Arabis (=Boechera) perstellataBraun's Rock-cressWherever foundE60 FR 56; 1/3/1995, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Arabis serotinaShale barren rock-cressWherever foundE54 FR 29655; 7/13/1989.
Arctomecon humilisDwarf bear-poppyWherever foundE44 FR 64250; 11/6/1979.
Arctostaphylos confertifloraSanta Rosa Island manzanitaWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Arctostaphylos franciscanaFranciscan manzanitaWherever foundE77 FR 54434; 9/5/2012, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa ssp. crassifoliaDel Mar manzanitaWherever foundE61 FR 52370; 10/7/1996.
Arctostaphylos hookeri var. raveniiPresidio manzanitaWherever foundE44 FR 61910; 10/26/1979.
Arctostaphylos morroensisMorro manzanitaWherever foundT59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994.
Arctostaphylos myrtifoliaIone manzanitaWherever foundT64 FR 28403; 5/26/1999.
Arctostaphylos pallidaPallid manzanitaWherever foundT63 FR 19842; 4/22/1998.
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Arenaria cumberlandensisCumberland sandwortWherever foundE53 FR 23745; 6/23/1988.
Arenaria paludicolaMarsh sandwortWherever foundE58 FR 41378; 8/3/1993.
Arenaria ursinaBear Valley sandwortWherever foundT63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Argemone pleiacantha ssp. pinnatisectaSacramento prickly-poppyWherever foundE54 FR 35302; 8/24/1989.
Argyroxiphium kauenseMauna Loa silverswordWherever foundE58 FR 18029; 4/7/1993, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Argyroxiphium sandwicense ssp. macrocephalum`AhinahinaWherever foundT57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Argyroxiphium sandwicense ssp. sandwicense`AhinahinaWherever foundE51 FR 9814; 3/1/1986.
Aristida chaseaeNo common nameWherever foundE58 FR 25755; 4/27/1993.
Aristida portoricensisPelos del diabloWherever foundE55 FR 32255; 8/8/1990.
Asclepias meadiiMead's milkweedWherever foundT53 FR 33992; 9/1/1988.
Asclepias welshiiWelsh's milkweedWherever foundT52 FR 41435; 10/28/1987, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Asimina tetrameraFour-petal pawpawWherever foundE51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986.
Astelia waialealaePainiuWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Astragalus albensCushenbury milk-vetchWherever foundE59 FR 43652; 8/24/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus ampullarioidesShivwits milkvetchWherever foundE66 FR 49560; 9/28/2001, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus applegateiApplegate's milk-vetchWherever foundE58 FR 40547; 7/28/1993.
Astragalus bibullatusGuthrie's (=Pyne's) ground-plumWherever foundE56 FR 48748; 9/26/1991.
Astragalus brauntoniiBraunton's milk-vetchWherever foundE62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus clarianusClara Hunt's milk-vetchWherever foundE62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997.
Astragalus cremnophylax var. cremnophylaxSentry milk-vetchWherever foundE55 FR 50184; 12/5/1990.
Astragalus desereticusDeseret milkvetchWherever foundT64 FR 56590; 10/20/1999.
Astragalus holmgreniorumHolmgren milkvetchWherever foundE66 FR 49560; 9/28/2001, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus humillimusMancos milk-vetchWherever foundE50 FR 26568; 6/27/1985.
Astragalus jaegerianusLane Mountain milk-vetchWherever foundE63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus lentiginosus var. coachellaeCoachella Valley milk-vetchWherever foundE63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus lentiginosus var. piscinensisFish Slough milk-vetchWherever foundT63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus magdalenae var. peirsoniiPeirson's milk-vetchWherever foundT63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus montiiHeliotrope milkvetchWherever foundT52 FR 42652; 11/6/1987, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus osterhoutiiKremmling Osterhout milkvetchWherever foundE54 FR 29658; 7/13/1989.
Astragalus phoenixAsh Meadows milk-vetchWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimusVentura Marsh milk-vetchWherever foundE66 FR 27901; 5/21/2001, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Astragalus robbinsii var. jesupiJesup's milk-vetchWherever foundE52 FR 21481; 6/5/1987.
Astragalus tener var. titiCoastal dunes milk-vetchWherever foundE63 FR 43100; 8/12/1998.
Astragalus tricarinatusTriple-ribbed milk-vetchWherever foundE63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998.
Astrophytum asteriasStar cactusWherever foundE58 FR 53804; 10/18/1993.
Atriplex coronata var. notatiorSan Jacinto Valley crownscaleWherever foundE63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Auerodendron pauciflorumNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 9935; 3/2/1994.
Ayenia limitarisTamaulipan KidneypetalWherever foundE59 FR 43648; 8/24/1994.
Baccharis vanessaeEncinitas baccharisWherever foundT61 FR 52370; 10/7/1996.
Banara vanderbiltiiPalo de RamónWherever foundE52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987.
Baptisia arachniferaHairy rattleweedWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978.
Berberis neviniiNevin's barberryWherever foundE63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Berberis pinnata ssp. insularisIsland barberryWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Betula uberVirginia round-leaf birchWherever foundT43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978, 59 FR 59173; 11/16/1994.
Bidens amplectensKookoolauWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Bidens campylotheca ssp. pentameraKookoolauWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Bidens campylotheca ssp. waihoiensisKookoolauWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
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Bidens conjunctaKookoolauWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Bidens hillebrandiana ssp. hillebrandianaKookoolauWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013.
Bidens micrantha ssp. ctenophyllaKookoolauWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Bidens micrantha ssp. kalealahaKookoolauWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Bidens wiebkeiKookoolauWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Blennosperma bakeriSonoma sunshineWherever foundE56 FR 61173; 12/2/1991.
Boltonia decurrensDecurrent false asterWherever foundT53 FR 45858; 11/14/1988.
Bonamia grandifloraFlorida bonamiaWherever foundT52 FR 42068; 11/2/1987.
Bonamia menziesiiNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Brickellia mosieriFlorida Brickell-bushWherever found79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Brighamia insignisOluluWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(2)CH.
Brighamia rockiiPua alaWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Brodiaea filifoliaThread-leaved brodiaeaWherever foundT63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Brodiaea pallidaChinese Camp brodiaeaWherever foundT63 FR 49022; 9/14/1998.
Bulbophyllum guamenseSiboyas halumtanu, Siboyan halom tanoWherever foundT80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Buxus vahliiVahl's boxwoodWherever foundE50 FR 32572; 8/13/1985.
Calamagrostis hillebrandiiNo common nameWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 05/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Callicarpa amplaCapá rosaWherever foundE57 FR 14782; 4/22/1992.
Callirhoe scabriusculaTexas poppy-mallowWherever foundE46 FR 3184; 1/13/1981, 46 FR 40025; 8/6/1981.
Calochortus tiburonensisTiburon mariposa lilyWherever foundT60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Calyptranthes thomasianaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 8138; 2/18/1994.
Calyptridium pulchellumMariposa pussypawsWherever foundT63 FR 49022; 9/14/1998.
Calyptronoma rivalisPalma de manacaWherever foundT55 FR 4157; 2/6/1990.
Calystegia stebbinsiiStebbins' morning-gloryWherever foundE61 FR 54346; 10/18/1996.
Camissonia benitensisSan Benito evening-primroseWherever foundT50 FR 5755; 2/12/1985.
Campanula robinsiaeBrooksville bellflowerWherever foundE54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989.
Canavalia molokaiensisAwikiwikiWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Canavalia napaliensisAwikiwikiWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Canavalia pubescensAwikiwikiWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cardamine micrantheraSmall-anthered bittercressWherever foundE54 FR 38947; 9/21/1989.
Carex albidaWhite sedgeWherever foundE62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997.
Carex luteaGolden sedgeWherever foundE67 FR 3120; 1/23/2002, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Carex specuicolaNavajo sedgeWherever foundT50 FR 19370; 5/8/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Castilleja affinis ssp. neglectaTiburon paintbrushWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Castilleja campestris ssp. succulentaFleshy owl's-cloverWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Castilleja cinereaAsh-gray Indian paintbrushWherever foundT63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Castilleja griseaSan Clemente Island paintbrushWherever foundE42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977.
Castilleja levisectaGolden paintbrushWherever foundT62 FR 31740; 6/11/1997.
Castilleja mollisSoft-leaved paintbrushWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Catesbaea melanocarpaNo common nameWherever foundE64 FR 13116; 3/17/1999, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Caulanthus californicusCalifornia jewelflowerWherever foundE55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990.
Ceanothus ferrisaeCoyote ceanothusWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Ceanothus ophiochilusVail Lake ceanothusWherever foundT63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Ceanothus roderickiiPine Hill ceanothusWherever foundE61 FR 54346; 10/18/1996.
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Cenchrus agrimonioidesKamanomanoWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Centaurium namophilumSpring-loving centauryWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Cercocarpus traskiaeCatalina Island mountain-mahoganyWherever foundE62 FR 42692; 8/8/1997.
Cereus eriophorus var. fragransFragrant prickly-appleWherever foundE50 FR 45618; 11/1/1985.
Chamaecrista glandulosa var. mirabilisNo common nameWherever foundE55 FR 12788; 4/5/1990.
Chamaesyce deltoidea ssp. deltoideaDeltoid spurgeWherever foundE50 FR 29345; 7/18/1985.
Chamaesyce garberiGarber's spurgeWherever foundT50 FR 29345; 7/18/1985.
Chamaesyce hooveriHoover's spurgeWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Chamaesyce skottsbergii var. skottsbergiiAkoko (Ewa Plains akoko)Wherever foundE47 FR 36846; 8/24/1982, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Charpentiera densifloraPapalaWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Chionanthus pygmaeusPygmy fringe-treeWherever foundE52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.
Chlorogalum purpureumPurple amole (Camatta Canyon amole)Wherever foundT65 FR 14878; 3/20/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Chorizanthe howelliiHowell's spineflowerWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Chorizanthe orcuttianaOrcutt's spineflowerWherever foundE61 FR 52370; 10/7/1996.
Chorizanthe pungens var. hartwegianaBen Lomond spineflowerWherever foundE59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994.
Chorizanthe pungens var. pungensMonterey spineflowerWherever foundT59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Chorizanthe robusta var. hartwegiiScotts Valley spineflowerWherever foundE59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Chorizanthe robusta var. robustaRobust spineflowerWherever foundE59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(b)CH.
Chorizanthe validaSonoma spineflowerWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Chromolaena frustrataCape Sable thoroughwortWherever foundE78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH, 50 CFR 17.96(h)CH.
Chrysopsis floridanaFlorida golden asterWherever foundE51 FR 17974; 5/16/1986.
Cirsium fontinale var. fontinaleFountain thistleWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Cirsium fontinale var. obispoenseChorro Creek bog thistleWherever foundE59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994.
Cirsium hydrophilum var. hydrophilumSuisun thistleWherever foundE62 FR 61916; 11/20/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Cirsium loncholepisLa Graciosa thistleWherever foundE65 FR 14888; 3/20/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Cirsium pitcheriPitcher's thistleWherever foundT53 FR 27137; 7/18/1988.
Cirsium vinaceumSacramento Mountains thistleWherever foundT52 FR 22933; 6/16/1987.
Clarkia franciscanaPresidio clarkiaWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Clarkia imbricataVine Hill clarkiaWherever foundE62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997.
Clarkia speciosa ssp. immaculataPismo clarkiaWherever foundE59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994.
Clarkia springvillensisSpringville clarkiaWherever foundT63 FR 49022; 9/14/1998.
Clematis morefieldiiMorefield's leather-flowerWherever foundE57 FR 21562; 5/20/1992.
Clematis socialisAlabama leather-flowerWherever foundE51 FR 34420; 9/26/1986.
Clermontia drepanomorphaOha waiWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Clermontia lindseyanaOha waiWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Clermontia oblongifolia ssp. brevipesOha waiWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Clermontia oblongifolia ssp. mauiensisOha waiWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Clermontia peleanaOha waiWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Clermontia pyrulariaOha waiWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Clermontia samueliiOha waiWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Clitoria fragransPigeon wingsWherever foundT58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993.
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Colubrina oppositifoliaKauilaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Conradina brevifoliaShort-leaved rosemaryWherever foundE58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993.
Conradina etoniaEtonia rosemaryWherever foundE58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993.
Conradina glabraApalachicola rosemaryWherever foundE58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993.
Conradina verticillataCumberland rosemaryWherever foundT56 FR 60937; 11/29/1991.
Consolea corallicolaCactus, Florida semaphoreWherever foundE78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Cordia bellonisNo common nameWherever foundE62 FR 1645; 1/10/1997.
Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimusSalt marsh bird's-beakWherever foundE43 FR 44810; 9/28/1978.
Cordylanthus mollis ssp. mollisSoft bird's-beakWherever foundE62 FR 61916; 11/20/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Cordylanthus palmatusPalmate-bracted bird's-beakWherever foundE51 FR 23765; 7/1/1986.
Cordylanthus tenuis ssp. capillarisPennell's bird's-beakWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Cornutia obovataPalo de niguaWherever foundE53 FR 11610; 4/7/1988.
Coryphantha minimaNellie's cory cactusWherever foundE44 FR 64738; 11/7/1979.
Coryphantha ramillosaBunched cory cactusWherever foundT44 FR 64247; 11/6/1979.
Coryphantha robbinsorumCochise pincushion cactusWherever foundT51 FR 952; 1/9/1986.
Coryphantha scheeri var. robustispinaPima pineapple cactusWherever foundE58 FR 49875; 9/23/1993.
Coryphantha sneedii var. leeiLee pincushion cactusWherever foundT44 FR 61554 ; 10/25/1979.
Coryphantha sneedii var. sneediiSneed pincushion cactusWherever foundE44 FR 64741; 11/7/1979.
Cranichis ricartiiNoneWherever foundE56 FR 60933; 11/29/1991.
Crescentia portoricensisHiguero de SierraWherever foundE52 FR 46085; 12/4/1987.
Crotalaria avonensisAvon Park harebellsWherever foundE58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993.
Cryptantha crassipesTerlingua Creek cats-eyeWherever foundE56 FR 49634; 9/30/1991.
Cucurbita okeechobeensis ssp. okeechobeensisOkeechobee gourdWherever foundE58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993.
Cyanea acuminataHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea asarifoliaHahaWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Cyanea asplenifoliaHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea calycinaHahaWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea copelandii ssp. copelandiiHahaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994.
Cyanea copelandii ssp. haleakalaensisHahaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea crispaHahaWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea dolichopodaHahaWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyanea dunbariaeHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53130; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea duvalliorumHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea eleeleensisHahaWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyanea gibsoniiNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 47686; 9/20/1991.
Cyanea glabraHahaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea grimesiana ssp. grimesianaHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obataeHahaWherever foundE59 FR 32932; 6/27/1994, 78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea hamatiflora ssp. carlsoniiHahaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyanea hamatiflora ssp. hamatifloraHahaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea horridaHaha nuiWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea humboltianaHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
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Cyanea kolekoleensisHahaWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyanea koolauensisHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea kuhihewaHahaWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyanea kunthianaHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea lanceolataHahaWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea lobataHahaWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea longifloraHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea magnicalyxHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea manniiHahaWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea maritaeHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea marksiiHahaWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Cyanea mauiensisHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013.
Cyanea mceldowneyiHahaWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea munroiHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea obtusaHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyanea pinnatifidaHahaWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea platyphyllaHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyanea proceraHahaWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea profugaHahaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea purpurellifoliaHahaWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012.
Cyanea rectaHahaWherever foundT61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Cyanea remyiHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Cyanea shipmaniiHahaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyanea solanaceaPopoloWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyanea st.-johniiHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea stictophyllaHahaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyanea superbaNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 46235; 9/11/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea tritomanthaAkuWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Cyanea truncataHahaWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyanea undulataNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 47695; 9/20/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Cycladenia humilis var. jonesiiJones cycladeniaWherever foundT51 FR 16526; 5/5/1986.
Cycas micronesicaFadang, FaadangWherever foundT80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Cyperus faurieiNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyperus pennatiformisNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(g)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyperus trachysanthosPuukaaWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Cyrtandra crenataHa`iwaleWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994.
Cyrtandra cyaneoidesMapeleWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
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Cyrtandra dentataHaiwaleWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra ferripilosaHaiwaleWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyrtandra filipesHaiwaleWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyrtandra giffardiiHaiwaleWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyrtandra gracilisHaiwaleWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra kaulanthaHaiwaleWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra limahuliensisHaiwaleWherever foundT59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Cyrtandra munroiHaiwaleWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyrtandra nanawaleensisHaiwaleWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Cyrtandra oenobarbaHaiwaleWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyrtandra oxybaphaHaiwaleWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Cyrtandra palikuHaiwaleWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Cyrtandra polyanthaHaiwaleWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra sessilisHaiwaleWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra subumbellataHaiwaleWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra tintinnabulaHaiwaleWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Cyrtandra viridifloraHaiwaleWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Cyrtandra wagneriHaiwaleWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Cyrtandra waiolaniHaiwaleWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Dalea foliosaLeafy prairie-cloverWherever foundE56 FR 19953; 5/1/1991.
Daphnopsis helleranaNo common nameWherever foundE53 FR 23740; 6/23/1988.
Deeringothamnus pulchellusBeautiful pawpawWherever foundE51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986.
Deeringothamnus rugeliiRugel's pawpawWherever foundE51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986.
Deinandra (= Hemizonia) conjugensOtay tarplantWherever foundT63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Deinandra increscens ssp. villosaGaviota tarplantWherever foundE65 FR 14888; 3/20/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Delissea rhytidospermaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Delissea rivularisHahaWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 68 FR 9115; 2/27/2003, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Delissea subcordataOhaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Delissea undulataNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53124; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Delphinium bakeriBaker's larkspurWherever foundE65 FR 4156; 1/26/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Delphinium luteumYellow larkspurWherever foundE65 FR 4156; 1/26/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Delphinium variegatum ssp. kinkienseSan Clemente Island larkspurWherever foundE42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977.
Dendrobium guamenseNo common nameWherever foundT80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Dicerandra christmaniiGarrett's mintWherever foundE50 FR 45621; 11/1/1985, 54 FR 38946; 9/21/1989.
Dicerandra cornutissimaLongspurred mintWherever foundE50 FR 45621; 11/1/1985.
Dicerandra frutescensScrub mintWherever foundE50 FR 45621;11/1/1985, 54 FR 38946; 9/21/1989.
Dicerandra immaculataLakela's mintWherever foundE50 FR 20212; 5/15/1985.
Diplacus vandenbergensisVandenberg monkeyflowerWherever foundE79 FR 50844; 8/26/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Dodecahema leptocerasSlender-horned spineflowerWherever foundE52 FR 36265; 9/28/1987.
Dubautia herbstobataeNaenaeWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
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Dubautia imbricata ssp. imbricataNaenaeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Dubautia kalalauensisNaenaeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Dubautia kenwoodiiNaenaeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Dubautia latifoliaKoholapehuWherever foundE57 FR 20580; 5/13/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Dubautia pauciflorulaNaenaeWherever foundE56 FR 47695; 9/20/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Dubautia plantaginea ssp. humilisNaenaeWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Dubautia plantaginea ssp. magnifoliaNaenaeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Dubautia waialealaeNaenaeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Dudleya abramsii ssp. parvaConejo dudleyaWherever foundT62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997.
Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescensMarcescent dudleyaWherever foundT62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997.
Dudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifoliaSanta Monica Mountains dudleyaWherever foundT62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997.
Dudleya nesioticaSanta Cruz Island dudleyaWherever foundT62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Dudleya setchelliiSanta Clara Valley dudleyaWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Dudleya stoloniferaLaguna Beach liveforeverWherever foundT63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998.
Dudleya traskiaeSanta Barbara Island liveforeverWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978.
Dudleya verityiVerity's dudleyaWherever foundT62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997.
Echinacea laevigataSmooth coneflowerWherever foundE57 FR 46340; 10/8/1992.
Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholiiNichol's Turk's head cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61927; 10/26/1979.
Echinocereus chisoensis var. chisoensisChisos hedgehog cactusWherever foundT53 FR 38453; 9/30/1988.
Echinocereus fendleri var. kuenzleriKuenzler hedgehog cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61924; 10/26/1979.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertiiBlack lace cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61918; 10/26/1979.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. arizonicusArizona hedgehog cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61556; 10/25/1979.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. davisiiDavis's green pitayaWherever foundE44 FR 64738; 11/7/1979.
Echinomastus erectocentrus var. acunensisacuña cactusWherever foundE78 FR 60607; 10/1/2013.
Echinomastus mariposensisLloyd's Mariposa cactusWherever foundT44 FR 64247; 11/6/1979.
Enceliopsis nudicaulis var. corrugataAsh Meadows sunrayWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eragrostis fosbergiiFosberg's love grassWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Eremalche kernensisKern mallowWherever foundE55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990.
Eriastrum densifolium ssp. sanctorumSanta Ana River woolly-starWherever foundE52 FR 36265; 9/28/1987.
Erigeron decumbensWillamette daisyWherever foundE65 FR 3875; 1/25/2000, 50 CFR 17.96CH.
Erigeron parishiiParish's daisyWherever foundT59 FR 43652; 8/24/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Erigeron rhizomatusZuni fleabaneWherever foundT50 FR 16680; 4/26/1985.
Eriodictyon altissimumIndian Knob mountain balmWherever foundE59 FR 64613; 12/15/1994.
Eriodictyon capitatumLompoc yerba santaWherever foundE65 FR 14888; 3/20/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriogonum apricum (incl. var. prostratum)Ione (incl. Irish Hill) buckwheatWherever foundE64 FR 28403; 5/26/1999.
Eriogonum codiumUmtanum desert buckwheatWherever foundT78 FR 23983; 4/23/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriogonum gypsophilumGypsum wild-buckwheatWherever foundT46 FR 5730; 1/19/1981, 46 FR 40025; 8/6/1981, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriogonum kennedyi var. austromontanumSouthern mountain wild-buckwheatWherever foundT63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriogonum longifolium var. gnaphalifoliumScrub buckwheatWherever foundT58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993.
Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineumCushenbury buckwheatWherever foundE59 FR 43652; 8/24/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriogonum ovalifolium var. williamsiaeSteamboat buckwheatWherever foundE51 FR 24669; 7/8/1986.
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Eriogonum pelinophilumClay-loving wild buckwheatWherever foundE49 FR 28562; 7/13/1984, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Eriophyllum latilobumSan Mateo woolly sunflowerWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Eryngium aristulatum var. parishiiSan Diego button-celeryWherever foundE58 FR 41384; 8/3/1993.
Eryngium constanceiLoch Lomond coyote-thistleWherever foundE50 FR 31187; 8/1/1985, 51 FR 45904; 12/23/1986.
Eryngium cuneifoliumSnakerootWherever foundE52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.
Erysimum capitatum var. angustatumContra Costa wallflowerWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Erysimum menziesiiMenzies' wallflowerWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Erysimum teretifoliumBen Lomond wallflowerWherever foundE59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994.
Erythronium propullansMinnesota dwarf trout lilyWherever foundE51 FR 10521; 3/26/1986.
Eugenia bryaniiNo common nameWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Eugenia haematocarpaUvilloWherever foundE59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994.
Eugenia koolauensisNioiWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Eugenia woodburyanaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 46715; 9/9/1994.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) celastroides var. kaenanaAkokoWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) deppeanaAkokoWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) eleanoriaeAkokoWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Euphorbia haeleeleanaAkokoWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) halemanuiAkokoWherever foundE57 FR 20580; 5/13/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) herbstiiAkokoWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) kuwaleanaAkokoWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) remyi var . kauaiensisAkokoWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) remyi var . remyiAkokoWherever foundE76 FR 15609; 5/5/2011, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) rockiiAkokoWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Euphorbia telephioidesTelephus spurgeWherever foundT57 FR 19813; 5/8/1992.
Eutrema penlandiiMosquito Range mustardWherever foundT58 FR 40539; 7/28/1993.
Exocarpos luteolusHeauWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Festuca molokaiensisNo common nameWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Flueggea neowawraeaMehamehameWherever foundE59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Fremontodendron californicum ssp. decumbensPine Hill flannelbushWherever foundE61 FR 54346; 10/18/1996.
Fremontodendron mexicanumMexican flannelbushWherever foundE63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Fritillaria gentneriGentner's fritillaryWherever foundE64 FR 69195; 12/10/1999.
Galactia smalliiSmall's milkpeaWherever foundE50 FR 29345; 7/18/1985.
Galium buxifoliumIsland bedstrawWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Galium californicum ssp. sierraeEl Dorado bedstrawWherever foundE61 FR 54346; 10/18/1996.
Gardenia brighamiiHawaiian gardenia (Na`u)Wherever foundE50 FR 33728; 8/21/1985.
Gardenia manniiNanuWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Gaura neomexicana ssp. coloradensisColorado butterfly plantWherever foundT65 FR 62302; 10/18/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Geocarpon minimumNo common nameWherever foundT52 FR 22930; 6/16/1987.
Start Printed Page 51593
Geranium arboreumNohoanuWherever foundE57 FR 20589; 5/13/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Geranium hanaenseNohoanuWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Geranium hillebrandiiNohoanuWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Geranium kauaienseNohoanuWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Geranium multiflorumNohoanuWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Gesneria paucifloraNo common nameWherever foundT60 FR 12483; 3/7/1995.
Geum radiatumSpreading avensWherever foundE55 FR 12793; 4/5/1990.
Gilia tenuiflora ssp. arenariaMonterey giliaWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Gilia tenuiflora ssp. hoffmanniiHoffmann's slender-flowered giliaWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Goetzea elegansBeautiful goetzea or matabueyWherever foundE50 FR 15564; 4/19/1985.
Gonocalyx concolorNo common nameWherever foundE79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Gouania hillebrandiiNo common nameWherever foundE49 FR 44753; 11/19/1984, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(2)CH, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Gouania meyeniiNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Gouania vitifoliaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 32932; 6/27/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Grindelia fraxino-pratensisAsh Meadows gumplantWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Hackelia venustaShowy stickseedWherever foundE67 FR 5515; 2/6/2002.
Halophila johnsoniiJohnson's seagrassWherever foundT63 FR 49035 9/14/1998N, 64 FR 28392; 5/26/1999, 50 CFR 226.213CH.
Haplostachys haplostachyaNo common nameWherever foundE44 FR 62468; 10/30/1979.
Harperocallis flavaHarper's beautyWherever foundE44 FR 56862; 10/2/1979.
Harrisia aboriginumPrickly-apple, aboriginalWherever foundE78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Harrisia portoricensisHigo chumboWherever foundT55 FR 32252; 8/8/1990.
Hedeoma todseniiTodsen's pennyroyalWherever foundE46 FR 5730; 1/19/1981, 46 FR 40025; 8/6/1981, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Hedyotis cookianaAwiwiWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Hedyotis megalanthaPau dedu, Pao dooduWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Hedyotis purpurea var. montanaRoan Mountain bluetWherever foundE55 FR 12793; 4/5/1990.
Helenium virginicumVirginia sneezeweedWherever foundT63 FR 59239; 11/3/1998.
Helianthemum greeneiIsland rush-roseWherever foundT62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Helianthus paradoxusPecos (=puzzle, =paradox) sunflowerWherever foundT64 FR 56583; 10/20/1999, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Helianthus schweinitziiSchweinitz's sunflowerWherever foundE56 FR 21087; 5/7/1991.
Helianthus verticillatusWhorled sunflowerWherever foundE79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014.
Helonias bullataSwamp pinkWherever foundT53 FR 35076; 9/9/1988.
Heritiera longipetiolataUfa halumtanu, Ufa halom tanoWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Hesperolinon congestumMarin dwarf-flaxWherever foundT60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Hesperomannia arborescensNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Hesperomannia arbusculaNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Hesperomannia lydgateiNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 47695; 9/20/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Hexastylis nanifloraDwarf-flowered heartleafWherever foundT54 FR 14964; 4/14/1989.
Hibiscadelphus distansKauai hau kuahiwiWherever foundE51 FR 15903; 4/29/1986.
Hibiscadelphus giffardianusHau kuahiwiWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Hibiscadelphus hualalaiensisHau kuahiwiWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Hibiscadelphus woodiiHau kuahiwiWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
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Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. immaculatusKokio keokeoWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Hibiscus brackenridgeiMao hau heleWherever foundE59 FR 5633; 11/11/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(2)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Hibiscus clayiClay's hibiscusWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Hibiscus dasycalyxNeches River rose-mallowWherever foundT78 FR 56025; 9/11/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Hibiscus waimeae ssp. hanneraeKokio keokeoWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Hoffmannseggia tenellaSlender rush-peaWherever foundE50 FR 45621; 11/1/1985.
Holocarpha macradeniaSanta Cruz tarplantWherever foundT65 FR 14898; 3/20/2000, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Howellia aquatilisWater howelliaWherever foundT59 FR 35860; 7/14/1994.
Hudsonia montanaMountain golden heatherWherever foundT45 FR 69360; 10/20/1980, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Hymenoxys herbaceaLakeside daisyWherever foundT53 FR 23742; 6/23/1988.
Hymenoxys texanaTexas prairie dawn-flowerWherever foundE51 FR 8681; 3/13/1986.
Hypericum cumulicolaHighlands scrub hypericumWherever foundE52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.
Ilex cookiiCook's hollyWherever foundE52 FR 22936; 6/16/1986.
Ilex sintenisiiNoneWherever foundE57 FR 14782; 4/22/1992.
Iliamna coreiPeter's Mountain mallowWherever foundE51 FR 17343; 5/12/1986.
Ipomopsis polyanthaPagosa skyrocketWherever foundE76 FR 45053; 7/27/2011, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Ipomopsis sancti-spiritusHoly Ghost ipomopsisWherever foundE59 FR 13836; 3/23/1994.
Iris lacustrisDwarf lake irisWherever foundT53 FR 37972; 9/28/1988.
Ischaemum byroneHilo ischaemumWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Isodendrion hosakaeAupakaWherever foundT56 FR 1454; 1/14/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Isodendrion laurifoliumAupakaWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Isodendrion longifoliumAupakaWherever foundT61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Isodendrion pyrifoliumWahine noho kulaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Isotria medeoloidesSmall whorled pogoniaWherever foundT47 FR 39827; 9/9/1982, 59 FR 50852; 10/6/1994.
Ivesia kingii var. eremicaAsh Meadows ivesiaWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Ivesia webberiWebber's ivesiaWherever foundT79 FR 31878; 6/3/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Jacquemontia reclinataBeach jacquemontiaWherever foundE58 FR 62046; 11/24/1993.
Jatropha costaricensisCosta Rican jatrophaWherever foundE49 FR 30199; 7/27/1984.
Juglans jamaicensisNogal or West Indian walnutWherever foundE62 FR 1691; 1/13/1997.
Justicia cooleyiCooley's water-willowWherever foundE54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989.
Kadua cordata ssp. remyiKopaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999.
Kadua coriaceaKioeleWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Kadua degeneriNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Kadua laxifloraPiloWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Kadua parvulaNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Kadua (=Hedyotis) st.-johniiNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 49639; 9/30/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Kanaloa kahoolawensisKohe malama malama o kanaloaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(2)CH.
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Keysseria ericiNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Keysseria helenaeNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Kokia cookeiCooke's koki`oWherever foundE44 FR 62470; 10/30/1979, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Kokia drynarioidesKoki`oWherever foundE49 FR 47397; 12/4/1984, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Kokia kauaiensisKoki`oWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Korthalsella degeneriHulumoaWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Labordia cyrtandraeKamakahalaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Labordia helleriKamakahalaWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Labordia lydgateiKamakahalaWherever foundE56 FR 47695; 9/20/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Labordia pumilaKamakahalaWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Labordia tinifolia var. lanaiensisKamakahalaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999.
Labordia tinifolia var. wahiawaensisKamakahalaWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Labordia trifloraKamakahalaWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Lasthenia burkeiBurke's goldfieldsWherever foundE56 FR 61173; 12/2/1991.
Lasthenia conjugensContra Costa goldfieldsWherever foundE62 FR 33029; 6/18/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Layia carnosaBeach layiaWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Leavenworthia crassafleshy-fruit gladecressWherever foundE79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014.
Leavenworthia exigua var. laciniataKentucky glade cressWherever foundT79 FR 25683; 5/6/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Leavenworthia texanaTexas golden gladecressWherever foundE78 FR 56025; 9/11/2013, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lembertia congdoniiSan Joaquin wooly-threadsWherever foundE55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990.
Lepanthes eltoroensisNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 60933; 11/29/1991.
Lepidium arbusculaAnaunauWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lepidium barnebyanumBarneby ridge-cressWherever foundE55 FR 39860; 9/28/1990.
Leptocereus grantianusNo common nameWherever foundE58 FR 11550; 2/26/1993.
Lespedeza leptostachyaPrairie bush-cloverWherever foundT52 FR 781; 1/9/1987.
Lesquerella congestaDudley Bluffs bladderpodWherever foundT55 FR 4152; 2/6/1990.
Lesquerella kingii ssp. bernardinaSan Bernardino Mountains bladderpodWherever foundE59 FR 43652; 8/24/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lesquerella lyrataLyrate bladderpodWherever foundT55 FR 39864; 9/28/1990.
Lesquerella pallidaWhite bladderpodWherever foundE52 FR 7424; 3/11/1987.
Lesquerella perforataSpring Creek bladderpodWherever foundE61 FR 67493; 12/23/1996.
Lesquerella thamnophilaZapata bladderpodWherever foundE64 FR 63745; 11/22/1999, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lesquerella tumulosaKodachrome bladderpodWherever foundE58 FR 52027; 10/6/1993.
Lessingia germanorum (=L. g. var. germanorum)San Francisco lessingiaWherever foundE62 FR 33368; 6/19/1997.
Liatris helleriHeller's blazingstarWherever foundT52 FR 44397; 11/19/1987.
Liatris ohlingeraeScrub blazingstarWherever foundE54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989.
Lilaeopsis schaffneriana var. recurvaHuachuca water-umbelWherever foundE62 FR 665; 1/6/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lilium occidentaleWestern lilyWherever foundE59 FR 42171; 8/17/1994.
Lilium pardalinum ssp. pitkinensePitkin Marsh lilyWherever foundE62 FR 54791; 10/22/1997.
Limnanthes floccosa ssp. californicaButte County meadowfoamWherever foundE57 FR 24192; 6/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Limnanthes floccosa ssp. grandifloralarge-flowered woolly meadowfoamWherever foundE67 FR 68004; 11/7/2002, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Limnanthes vinculansSebastopol meadowfoamWherever foundE56 FR 61173; 12/2/1991.
Lindera melissifoliaPondberryWherever foundE51 FR 27495; 7/31/1986.
Linum carteri var. carteriCarter's small-flowered flaxWherever foundE79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lipochaeta faurieiNeheWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Lipochaeta lobata var. leptophyllaNeheWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lipochaeta micranthaNeheWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
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Lipochaeta venosaNo common nameWherever foundE44 FR 62468; 10/30/1979.
Lipochaeta waimeaensisNeheWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Lithophragma maximumSan Clemente Island woodland-starWherever foundE62 FR 42692; 8/8/1997.
Lobelia (gaudichaudii ssp.) koolauensisNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lobelia monostachyaNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lobelia niihauensisNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lobelia oahuensisNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lomatium bradshawiiBradshaw's desert-parsleyWherever foundE53 FR 38448; 9/30/1988.
Lomatium cookiiCook's lomatium (Cook's desert parsley)Wherever foundE67 FR 68004; 11/7/2002 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Lupinus aridorumScrub lupineWherever foundE52 FR 11172; 4/7/1987.
Lupinus nipomensisNipomo Mesa lupineWherever foundE65 FR 14888; 3/20/2000.
Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidiiKincaid's lupineWherever foundT65 FR 3875; 3/25/2000, 50 CFR 17.96CH.
Lupinus tidestromiiClover lupineWherever foundE57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992.
Lyonia truncata var. proctoriiNo common nameWherever foundE58 FR 25755; 4/27/1993.
Lysimachia asperulaefoliaRough-leaved loosestrifeWherever foundE52 FR 22585; 6/12/1987.
Lysimachia daphnoidesLehua makanoeWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Lysimachia filifoliaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Lysimachia inikiNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Lysimachia lydgateiNo common nameWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Lysimachia maximaNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53130; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Lysimachia pendensNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Lysimachia scopulensisNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Lysimachia venosaNo common nameWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Macbridea albaWhite birds-in-a-nestWherever foundT57 FR 19813; 5/8/1992.
Maesa walkeriNo common nameWherever foundT80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Malacothamnus clementinusSan Clemente Island bush-mallowWherever foundE42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticusSanta Cruz Island bushmallowWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Malacothrix indecoraSanta Cruz Island malacothrixWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Malacothrix squalidaIsland malacothrixWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Manihot walkeraeWalker's maniocWherever foundE56 FR 49850; 10/2/1991.
Marshallia mohriiMohr's Barbara's buttonsWherever foundT53 FR 34698; 9/7/1988.
Melanthera kamolensisNeheWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melanthera tenuifoliaNeheWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope adscendensAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 62346; 12/5/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melicope ballouiAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 62346; 12/5/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melicope christopherseniiAlaniWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope degeneriAlaniWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Melicope haupuensisAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Melicope hiiakaeAlaniWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope knudseniiAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melicope lydgateiAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 14482; 3/28/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
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Melicope makahaeAlaniWherever foundE77 FR 57647; 9/18/2012, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope mucronulataAlaniWherever foundE57 FR 20772; 5/15/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melicope munroiAlaniWherever foundE64 FR 48307; 9/3/1999, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Melicope ovalisAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 62346; 12/5/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Melicope pallidaAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope paniculataAlaniWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Melicope puberulaAlaniWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Melicope quadrangularisAlaniWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994.
Melicope reflexaAlaniWherever foundE57 FR 46325; 10/8/1992, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Melicope saint-johniiAlaniWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Melicope zahlbruckneriAlaniWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Mentzelia leucophyllaAsh Meadows blazing-starWherever foundT50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Mezoneuron kavaienseUhi uhiWherever foundE51 FR 24672; 7/8/1986.
Mimulus michiganensis (=Mimulus glabratus var. michiganensis )Michigan monkey-flowerWherever foundE55 FR 25596; 6/21/1990, 75 FR 55686; 9/14/2010.
Mirabilis macfarlaneiMacFarlane's four-o'clockWherever foundT44 FR 61912; 10/26/1979, 61 FR 10693; 3/15/1996.
Mitracarpus maxwelliaeNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 46715; 9/9/1994.
Mitracarpus polycladusNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 46715; 9/9/1994.
Monardella vimineaWillowy monardellaWherever foundE63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Mucuna sloanei var. persericeaSea beanWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Myrcia paganiiNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 8138; 2/18/1994.
Myrsine juddiiKoleaWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Myrsine knudseniiKoleaWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Myrsine linearifoliaKoleaWherever foundT61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Myrsine meziiKoleaWherever foundE75 FR 18960; 4/13/2010, 50 CFR 17.99(a)CH.
Myrsine vaccinioidesKoleaWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Navarretia fossalisSpreading navarretiaWherever foundT63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Navarretia leucocephala ssp. pauciflora (=N. pauciflora)Few-flowered navarretiaWherever foundE62 FR 33029; 6/18/1997.
Navarretia leucocephala ssp. plieanthaMany-flowered navarretiaWherever foundE62 FR 33029; 6/18/1997.
Neostapfia colusanaColusa grassWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Neraudia angulataNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Neraudia ovataNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53137; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Neraudia sericeaNo common nameWherever foundE59 FR 56333; 11/10/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(2)CH.
Nervilia jacksoniaeNo common nameWherever foundT80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Nesogenes rotensisNo common nameWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004.
Nitrophila mohavensisAmargosa niterwortWherever foundE50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Nolina brittonianaBritton's beargrassWherever foundE58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993.
Nothocestrum breviflorumAieaWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(k)CH.
Nothocestrum peltatumAieaWherever foundE59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Start Printed Page 51598
Nototrichium humileKuluiWherever foundE56 FR 55770; 10/29/1991, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Ochrosia kilaueaensisHoleiWherever foundE59 FR 10305; 3/4/1994.
Oenothera avita ssp. eurekensisEureka Valley evening-primroseWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978.
Oenothera deltoides ssp. howelliiAntioch Dunes evening-primroseWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Opuntia treleaseiBakersfield cactusWherever foundE55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990.
Orcuttia californicaCalifornia Orcutt grassWherever foundE58 FR 41384; 8/3/1993.
Orcuttia inaequalisSan Joaquin Valley Orcutt grassWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Orcuttia pilosaHairy Orcutt grassWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Orcuttia tenuisSlender Orcutt grassWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Orcuttia viscidaSacramento Orcutt grassWherever foundT62 FR 14338; 3/26/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Osmoxylon mariannenseNo common nameWherever foundE69 FR 10335; 3/5/2004.
Ottoschulzia rhodoxylonPalo de rosaWherever foundE55 FR 13488; 4/10/1990.
Oxypolis canbyiCanby's dropwortWherever foundE51 FR 6690; 2/25/1986.
Oxytheca parishii var. goodmanianaCushenbury oxythecaWherever foundE59 FR 43652; 8/24/1994, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Oxytropis campestris var. chartaceaFassett's locoweedWherever foundT53 FR 37970; 9/28/1988.
Panicum fauriei var. carteriCarter's panicgrassWherever foundE48 FR 46328; 10/12/1983, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Panicum niihauenseLau ehuWherever foundE61 FR 53108; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH.
Paronychia chartaceaPapery whitlow-wortWherever foundT52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987.
Parvisedum leiocarpumLake County stonecropWherever foundE62 FR 33029; 6/18/1997.
Pedicularis furbishiaeFurbish lousewortWherever foundE43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978.
Pediocactus bradyiBrady pincushion cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61784; 10/26/1979.
Pediocactus despainiiSan Rafael cactusWherever foundE52 FR 34914; 9/16/1987.
Pediocactus knowltoniiKnowlton cactusWherever foundE44 FR 62244; 10/29/1979.
Pediocactus peeblesianus var. fickeiseniaeFickeisen plains cactusWherever foundE78 FR 60607; 10/1/2013.
Pediocactus peeblesianus var. peeblesianusPeebles Navajo cactusWherever foundE44 FR 61922; 10/26/1979.
Pediocactus sileriSiler pincushion cactusWherever foundT44 FR 61786; 10/26/1979, 58 FR 68476; 12/27/1993.
Pediocactus winkleriWinkler cactusWherever foundT63 FR 44587; 8/20/1998.
Penstemon debilisParachute beardtongueWherever foundT76 FR 45053; 7/27/2011, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Penstemon haydeniiBlowout penstemonWherever foundE52 FR 32926; 9/1/1987.
Penstemon penlandiiKremmling beardtongueWherever foundE54 FR 29658; 7/13/1989.
Pentachaeta bellidifloraWhite-rayed pentachaetaWherever foundE60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995.
Pentachaeta lyoniiLyon's pentachaetaWherever foundE62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Peperomia subpetiolataAlaala wai nuiWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Peperomia wheeleriWheeler's peperomiaWherever foundE52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987.
Peucedanum sandwicenseMakouWherever foundT59 FR 9304; 2/25/1994, 50 CFR 17.99(a)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Phacelia argillaceaClay phaceliaWherever foundE43 FR 44810; 9/28/1978.
Phacelia formosulaNorth Park phaceliaWherever foundE47 FR 38540; 9/1/1982.
Phacelia insularis ssp. insularisIsland phaceliaWherever foundE62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997.
Phacelia submuticaDeBeque phaceliaWherever foundT76 FR 45053; 7/27/2011, 50 CFR 17.96(a)CH.
Phlox hirsutaYreka phloxWherever foundE65 FR 5268; 2/3/2000.
Phlox nivalis ssp. texensisTexas trailing phloxWherever foundE56 FR 49636; 9/30/1991.
Phyllanthus saffordiiNo common nameWherever foundE80 FR 59423; 10/1/2015.
Phyllostegia bracteataNo common nameWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
Phyllostegia floribundaNo common nameWherever foundE78 FR 64637; 10/29/2013.
Phyllostegia glabra var. lanaiensisNo common nameWherever foundE56 FR 47686; 9/20/1991.
Phyllostegia haliakalaeNo common nameWherever foundE78 FR 32013; 5/28/2013, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH, 50 CFR 17.99(e)(1)CH.
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Phyllostegia hirsutaNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Phyllostegia hispidaNo common nameWherever foundE74 FR 11319; 3/17/2009, 50 CFR 17.99(c)CH.
Phyllostegia kaalaensisNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53089; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(i)CH.
Phyllostegia knudseniiNo common nameWherever foundE61 FR 53070; 10/10/1996, 50 CFR 17.99(a)