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Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance Equipment the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML)

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This final rule describes how articles the President determines no longer warrant control under Category XII (Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance Equipment) of the United States Munitions List (USML) of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) will be controlled under the Commerce Control List (CCL) of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by amending Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 7A611 and creating new “600 series” ECCNs 7B611, 7D611, and 7E611. In addition, for certain dual-use infrared detection items, this final rule expands controls for certain software and technology, eliminates the use of some license exceptions, revises licensing policy, and expands license requirements for certain transactions involving military end users or foreign military commodities. This final rule also harmonizes provisions within the EAR by revising controls related to certain quartz rate sensors.

DATES:

This rule is effective December 31, 2016.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For questions regarding the ECCNs included in this rule, contact Dennis Krepp, Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls, Bureau of Industry and Security, Telephone: 202-482-1309, Email: Start Printed Page 70321 Dennis.Krepp@bis.doc.gov. For general questions regarding the regulatory changes, contact Steven Emme, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Export Administration, Telephone: 202-482-5491, Email: Steven.Emme@bis.doc.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

This final rule is part of the Administration's Export Control Reform Initiative (the “Initiative”), the objective of which is to protect and enhance U.S. national security interests. The Initiative began in August 2009 when President Obama directed the Administration to conduct a broad-based review of the U.S. export control system to identify additional ways to enhance national security. The Department of State's International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and its U.S. Munitions List (USML) are being amended to control only the items that provide the United States with a critical military or intelligence advantage or otherwise warrant such controls, and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are being amended to control military items that do not warrant USML controls. These changes will enhance national security by (i) improving interoperability of U.S. military forces with allied countries, (ii) strengthening the U.S. industrial base by, among other things, reducing incentives for foreign manufacturers to design out and avoid U.S.-origin content and services, and (iii) allowing export control officials to focus government resources on transactions that pose greater concern.

Pursuant to section 38(f) of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), the President is obligated to review the USML “to determine what items, if any, no longer warrant export controls under” the AECA. The President must report the results of the review to Congress and wait 30 days before removing any such items from the USML. The report must “describe the nature of any controls to be imposed on that item under any other provision of law.” 22 U.S.C. 2778(f)(1).

Following the structure set forth in the final rule entitled “Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: Initial Implementation of Export Control Reform” (78 FR 22660, April 16, 2013), BIS published a proposed rule entitled “Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Fire Control, Range Finder, Optical, and Guidance and Control Equipment the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML)” (80 FR 25798, May 5, 2015) (“May 2015 rule”). That proposed rule was published in conjunction with a proposed rule published by the Department of State's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) to propose controls for the ITAR's USML Category XII. After reviewing public comments to the May 2015 rule, BIS published a second proposed rule entitled “Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance and Control Equipment the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML)” (81 FR 8421) (“February 2016 rule”). This second proposed rule was also published in conjunction with a second proposed rule published by DDTC to propose new controls for USML Category XII.

In response to the February 2016 rule, BIS received twenty public comments. Eleven commenters believed that the February 2016 rule was an improvement over the May 2015 rule, while no commenters believed that the February 2016 rule was worse than the May 2015 rule. The commenters supported the efforts, including the greater use of “specially designed,” to reduce controlling items in normal commercial use in USML Category XII or the corresponding 600 series entries in the CCL. Further, many commenters noted that the revisions in the February 2016 rule created a more transparent and predictable structure and reduced confusion and complexity associated with terminology proposed in the May 2015 rule. With the changes made in the February 2016 rule, many commenters believed that the proposals would better balance national security concerns while reflecting technological advancement and the increasing commercial market demand for many items in the laser, photonics, optics, infrared detection, and related industries. Consequently, some commenters stated that the February 2016 rule would help reduce current and future competitive disadvantages for U.S. industry and reduce the incentive to offshore production and research activities.

Some commenters also expressed general concerns regarding the February 2016 rule. Many commenters believed that the increased controls proposed for infrared detection items were still too strict, overly complicated, and not reflective of foreign availability and licensing policies of Wassenaar-member countries and non-Wassenaar countries. To address some of these concerns, BIS is amending some of the proposed controls, as described further herein. Additionally, to address concerns on complexity and increased costs of compliance, especially for small businesses, BIS will continue to conduct extensive outreach to assist organizations in their compliance efforts. A summary of the public comments and changes made to the proposed rule are addressed below.

In this final rule, all references to the USML are to the list of defense articles that are controlled for the purpose of export or temporary import pursuant to the ITAR, and not to the defense articles on the USML that are controlled by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) for the purpose of permanent import under its regulations (see 27 CFR part 447). Pursuant to § 38(a)(1) of the AECA, all defense articles controlled for export or import are part of the USML under the AECA. For the sake of clarity, the list of defense articles controlled by ATF for the purpose of permanent import is the United States Munitions Import List (USMIL). The transfer of defense articles from the ITAR's USML to the EAR's CCL for the purpose of export controls does not affect the list of defense articles controlled on the USMIL under the AECA for the purpose of permanent import.

Revisions To Further Harmonize and Simplify the EAR

The February 2016 rule included two proposed changes to harmonize provisions in the EAR—removing controls related to certain QRS-11 sensors and revising license requirements related to certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras. This final rule adopts the proposed changes for QRS-11 sensors but does not adopt the proposed changes for license requirements related to uncooled thermal imaging cameras.

Removal of Controls Specific to QRS-11 Sensors

As described in the February 2016 rule, BIS published a final rule in 2007 to control certain QRS-11 sensors that were previously subject to the ITAR. These sensors were originally designed for military application but began to be used in civil aircraft, which would have required State Department authorization for exports and reexports, as the ITAR does not contain a de minimis level or a general exception for controlled content embedded within uncontrolled systems. Since ECR accounts for the movement of items from control on the ITAR to control on the EAR, BIS proposed to remove special controls related to such QRS-11 sensors, including removing the RS Column 1 control and references to such sensors Start Printed Page 70322from ECCN 7A994, the 0% de minimis level for such sensors in § 734.4(a)(3), the restriction on the availability of license exceptions for such sensors in § 740.2(a)(9), references to the sensors in ECCNs 7E994 (Related Controls) and 9A991 (License Requirement Notes and Related Controls), and the reference to such sensors in Note 1 to the definition of “specially designed” in part 772.

BIS did not receive any public comments on QRS-11 sensors and thus adopts the changes as proposed in this final rule. To the extent that such sensors are not described on the USML (and the agencies do not believe that any of the sensors are described on the revised USML), one would follow the Order of Review in Supplement No. 4 to part 774 to determine whether the sensors may be captured under a 600 series ECCN or under a dual-use ECCN.

Retention of License Requirements and License Exception Eligibility for Certain Uncooled Thermal Imaging Cameras Controlled in ECCN 6A003

The February 2016 rule proposed to revise license requirements and license exception eligibility for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras. Under the current provisions of § 742.6, the RS Column 1 reason for control in ECCN 6A003 does not apply to exports or reexports to countries in Country Group A:1 if certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras are fully packaged for use as consumer ready civil products or if such cameras with not more than 111,000 elements are to be embedded in civil products by authorized companies. Additionally, paragraph (b) of License Exception APR is available for such cameras when reexported to and among countries in Country Group A:1. In the February 2016 rule, BIS proposed to remove this license requirement and license exception structure (which for ease of reference is described in this rule as an authorization construct). As part of this proposed removal, BIS proposed to make all cameras in ECCN 6A003 subject to an RS1 control, because the agency believed that License Exception STA would be available for such transactions and thus the complexity of this authorization structure was no longer needed.

Two commenters expressed concerns about these proposed changes. One commenter stated that removing this authorization construct for such cameras would put U.S. industry at a competitive disadvantage with respect to companies in the European Union and Japan. The commenter noted that License Exception APR is not available for items exported under License Exception STA, and the commenter pointed out that exports to Mexico for these cameras would now require a license and STA would not be available for such transactions. BIS agrees that there is a distinct difference between this authorization construct and License Exception STA. Consequently, this final rule retains the current provisions in §§ 742.6(a)(2) and (a)(4)(ii), the reporting requirement in § 743.3, endnotes 2 and 4 used in the Commerce Country Chart (Supplement No. 1 to part 738), and the provision in paragraph (b) of License Exception APR for such cameras (see further below for additional revisions to License Exception APR).

Two commenters also recommended revising the scope of RS1 and RS2 controls that apply to ECCN 6A003. One commenter suggested making all 6A003 cameras with a frame rate of less than or equal to 60 Hz subject to RS2 controls in order to harmonize U.S. controls with other Wassenaar countries. In addition, another commenter suggested revising Note 3 to 6A003.b.4.b so that 6A003 does not control imaging cameras with a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 60 Hz and a focal plane array with not more than 328,000 elements. The commenter further noted if that change was not possible, then all items in 6A003 should be subject to an RS2 control rather than RS1 control due to foreign availability for such items and that the industry standard for number of elements has increased to 328,000. At this time, BIS is electing to maintain the current RS1 and RS2 controls for ECCN 6A003. BIS notes that the use of specially designed in USML Category XII reduces the likelihood of the ITAR controlling items in normal commercial use, and this clearer jurisdictional line should greatly benefit industry. That change, coupled with the retention of the authorization construct in § 742.6 for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras, is sufficient at this time to address the commenters' concerns.

Revisions To Increase Controls for Infrared Detection Items Subject to the EAR

To address the sensitivity of certain dual-use items related to infrared detection capability, the February 2016 rule included proposed restrictions for the export or reexport of several sensors and cameras, and related software and technology, that provide important night vision capability for military use but are also widely used in civil products and applications. This final rule adopts many of those proposals, with changes noted below, by amending §§ 734.4, 740.2, 740.16, 740.20, 742.6, and 744.9 of the EAR. In addition, this final rule adds ECCN 0E987 and revises parts of ECCNs 0A987, 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, 6A993, 6D002, 6D003, 6D991, 6E001, 6E002, and 6E990.

Revisions to End-Use/End-User Controls in § 744.9

Section 744.9 requires a license for the export or reexport to any destination other than Canada for cameras controlled by ECCNs 6A003.b.3, 6A003.b.4.b, or 6A003.b.4.c when the exporter or reexporter knows or is informed that the item is intended to be used by a military end-user or to be incorporated into a military commodity controlled by ECCN 0A919, in addition to other applicable license requirements in the EAR.

The February 2016 rule proposed to revise § 744.9 to require a license for exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of commodities controlled by ECCNs 0A987 (incorporating items in ECCNs 6A002 and 6A003, or certain cameras in 6A993.a), 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, 6A993.a (commodities meeting the criterion of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4), 8A002.d.1.c, and 8A002.d.2, when the exporter, reexporter, or transferor knows or is informed that the item is intended to be used by a military end user or to be incorporated into a military commodity controlled by ECCN 0A919. This final rule adopts these changes to § 744.9 with changes described below.

Three commenters made recommendations to address concerns regarding the proposed expansion of § 744.9. Two commenters requested that 9 Hz cameras in 6A993.a be removed from the scope of § 744.9. They asserted that including 9 Hz cameras would put U.S. companies at a competitive disadvantage since all other countries do not consider them to be dual use. Also, one of the commenters mentioned that adding 9 Hz cameras would greatly increase complexity and burden since such cameras are often low-cost consumer goods available through distributors and retail. Also, the commenter was unaware of any 9 Hz cameras being used in military commodities and recommended focusing § 744.9 only on those commodities that are easily incorporated into other items. BIS notes that while the commenter's 9 Hz cameras may not be ideal for incorporation into a foreign military commodity, the U.S. Government is aware of 9 Hz cameras being used and advertised in foreign military commodities. Also, BIS believes that the end-use and end-user based controls in § 744.9 are sufficiently tailored to have less impact on U.S. companies as one must know or have reason to know that such items will be used by a military Start Printed Page 70323end user or incorporated into a foreign military commodity. However, to further narrow the scope of the control and provide greater clarity, BIS is adding new paragraph (a)(2) to note that the license requirement of § 744.9 does not apply to exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) when the items described above are being exported, reexported, or transferred as part of a military deployment by a unit of the government of a country in Country Group A:1 (see Supplement No. 1 to part 740). Similar language is currently used in § 742.6(a)(3).

One commenter recommended removing the license requirement based on military end user but maintaining the license requirement based on incorporation into a foreign military commodity. The commenter noted that the control based on military end user can be confusing since the same item being used for the same purpose would not require a license in one scenario (e.g., security camera for a factory) but would require a license in another scenario (e.g., security camera for a military installation). BIS believes that the addition of paragraph (a)(2) will help partially address this concern. However, BIS is maintaining the license requirement based on military end user since it is a defined term, and BIS believes it is appropriate to require a license in such circumstances.

This final rule also makes additional conforming changes to § 744.9. On September 20, 2016, BIS published a final rule (81 FR 64656) revising the CCL to implement changes to the Wassenaar Arrangement's List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies. As part of these revisions, BIS amended ECCN 8A002 to remove items previously controlled in 8A002.d.1.c and redesignate items previously controlled in 8A002.d.2 as 8A002.d. Since the February 2016 rule proposed that 8A002.d.1.c and d.2 items be subject to the license requirement of § 744.9, this final rule revises § 744.9 to refer to 8A002.d rather than 8A002.d.1.c and d.2. Further, this final rule makes one clarifying change to § 744.9. In order to more accurately describe the scope of the license requirement, this final rule revises the title of § 744.9 to “[r]estrictions on exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) of certain cameras, systems, or related components.”

Revisions to ECCN 0A919 and § 734.4 for Foreign Military Commodities

ECCN 0A919 controls “military commodities” produced and located outside the United States that are not subject to the ITAR and incorporate one or more cameras controlled under ECCNs 6A003.b.3, 6A003.b.4.b, or 6A003.b.4.c. In addition, ECCN 0A919 controls such “military commodities” if they incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin 600 series content or are the direct products of U.S.-origin 600 series technology or software.

The February 2016 rule proposed to control the reexport of such military commodities that incorporate a wider group of infrared detection items on the CCL. Thus, the February 2016 rule proposed to re-structure the sub-paragraphs in the Items paragraph in that ECCN and expand 0A919 to control military commodities produced outside the United States that are not subject to the ITAR and incorporate commodities classified under ECCNs 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A993.a (having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz as and thus meeting the criterion specified in Note 3.a to ECCN 6A003.b.4.b). BIS received no public comments on these changes, and this final rule maintains the proposed expansion of the scope of ECCN 0A919 with the clarification described below.

Section 734.4(a)(5) of the EAR currently provides that there is no de minimis level for foreign military commodities, i.e., those described in ECCN 0A919, that incorporate certain infrared detection items. The February 2016 rule proposed to amend the de minimis treatment for 0A919 items incorporating infrared detection content to make them consistent with 0A919 items incorporating 600 series content by limiting the 0% de minimis level to Country Group D:5 only. BIS received no public comments on this proposed revision. Thus, this final rule amends § 734.4(a)(5) to provide that there is no de minimis level for foreign-made military commodities incorporating one or more of the commodities described in ECCN 0A919.a.1 when destined for a country in Country Group D:5. When destined for a country outside of Country Group D:5, such 0A919 commodities would be subject to the 25% de minimis threshold. To reflect this change to § 734.4(a)(5), this final rule also revises 0A919.a.1 to clarify that the sub-paragraph captures foreign-made military commodities that “[i]ncorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin controlled content classified under ECCNs 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A993.a (having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz and thus meeting the criterion of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4).”

Revisions to ECCN 0A987 and Establishment of ECCN 0E987

ECCN 0A987 controls certain optical devices for firearms and related components. The February 2016 rule proposed to revise ECCN 0A987.f to specify that the entry controls laser aiming devices or laser illuminators “specially designed” for use on firearms, and having an operational wavelength exceeding 400 nm but not exceeding 710 nm. A proposed note to ECCN 0A987.f further specified that the entry does not control laser boresighting devices that must be placed in the bore or chamber to provide a reference for aligning the firearms sights. BIS received no public comments on these proposed changes and thus adopts them in this final rule.

The February 2016 rule also proposed to revise the Related Controls to refer readers to applicable controls in USML Category XII as well as the proposed license requirement for certain 0A987 items under § 744.9. BIS received no public comments on revisions to the Related Controls. This final rule amends the Related Controls paragraph to reflect revisions in the Department of State's final rule regarding controls for weapons sights to advise that sighting devices using second generation image intensifier tubes having luminous sensitivity greater than 350 µA/lm, or third generation or higher image intensifier tubes, are subject to the ITAR. Moreover, this final rule adds a reference in the Related Controls to riflescopes subject to the ITAR under USML Category I(f). This final rule also retains the reference to the § 744.9 license requirement since that license requirement is being adopted under this final rule.

The February 2016 rule further proposed creating a new ECCN for technology required for the “development” or “production” of commodities controlled by ECCN 0A987, if such commodities incorporate a focal plane array or image intensifier tube. Such technology would be subject to RS Column 1 and Anti-Terrorism (AT) Column 1 controls. BIS received no public comments on this proposal and thus adopts the establishment of ECCN 0E987 as proposed.

Revisions to ECCN 6A002

ECCN 6A002 controls specified optical sensors or equipment and components therefor. The February 2016 rule proposed to maintain the existing reasons for control and did not include a worldwide RS control that was first proposed in the May 2015 rule. Also, the February 2016 rule proposed Start Printed Page 70324to add a reference to corresponding controls for focal plane arrays, image intensifier tubes, and related parts and components in USML Category XII(e) and a reference to the proposed license requirement in § 744.9. This final rule makes those changes to 6A002, but clarifies that the type of focal plane arrays controlled in Category XII(e) are primarily infrared focal plane arrays. This final rule also adds a reference in the Related Controls to refer readers to space-qualified focal plane arrays subject to the ITAR in USML Category XV(e) to help readers understand the potential jurisdiction of various types of focal plane arrays. Additional limitations on the use of license exceptions for 6A002 items are addressed further herein.

BIS received five public comments on proposed changes to ECCN 6A002. One commenter supported the removal of the aforementioned worldwide RS control. Another commenter stated that it was unclear what two-dimensional focal plane arrays will be EAR99 or controlled on the CCL. Focal plane arrays are controlled based on the technical parameters in ECCN 6A002.

Two commenters requested that BIS evaluate whether square pixel one-dimensional focal plane arrays with a peak response in the wavelength range exceeding 1200 nm but not exceeding 3000 nm should continue to be controlled in 6A002.a.3.d since they are used almost exclusively for commercial applications and are similar to other focal plane arrays that are EAR99. Removing these square pixel focal plane arrays from 6A002 would require multilateral agreement at the Wassenaar Arrangement and thus exceeds the scope of this rule. However, commenters are welcome to submit additional information to BIS to help inform further discussion on whether a Wassenaar proposal to amend this ECCN is warranted.

Two commenters stated that BIS should carve out civil automotive focal plane arrays from being controlled under ECCN 6A002. The commenters asserted that this change would be consistent with other CCL technologies when used for civil automotive applications and would help ensure further research and development into collision avoidance systems. BIS does not accept this recommendation because such a change would require agreement with Wassenaar members and thus exceeds the scope of this rule. However, commenters are welcome to submit additional information to BIS to help inform further discussion on whether a Wassenaar proposal to amend this ECCN is warranted.

Revisions to ECCN 6A003

ECCN 6A003 controls specified cameras, systems or equipment and components therefor. As previously described, this final rule does not adopt the proposed changes to the authorization construct for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras. Thus, this final rule does not amend the reasons for control in 6A003.

The February 2016 rule proposed to include additional changes to 6A003, such as adding a reference to USML Category XII and revising the reference to the license requirement in § 744.9. BIS received no comments on these changes, and thus adopts them in this final rule. However, this final rule updates the reference to the ITAR in order to point out that cameras subject to the ITAR are found in USML Category XII(c) and (e). In addition, BIS is adding a License Requirement Note to provide further clarification on what constitutes a “camera” for purposes of classifying items under 6A003. The License Requirement Note provides that “[c]ommodities that are not subject to the ITAR but are of the type described in USML Category XII(c) are controlled as cameras in ECCN 6A003 when they incorporate a camera controlled in this ECCN.” This note is consistent with Interpretation 2 in § 770.2, confirms BIS's existing classification practice for items in 6A003, and is intended to link the more specific terminology of USML Category XII with the Wassenaar-based terminology of 6A003.

Three commenters also provided feedback and recommendations on other aspects of 6A003. One commenter was concerned that researchers may be burdened with additional license requirements for items deployed internationally for field research due to the removal of STA. BIS notes that this final rule does not remove STA availability for 6A003 items being exported or reexported to countries in Country Group A:5. The commenter also supported keeping the related technology control for “use” technology unchanged. While this rule does affect STA availability for related technology (see further below), the commenter is correct that all six elements of the definition of “use” technology must be met for that control to apply.

One commenter also requested that BIS revise 6A003 so that certain linescan cameras incorporating one-dimensional square pixel focal plane arrays would not be controlled under 6A003. The commenter stated that such cameras are generally intended for commercial use. Another commenter requested that BIS add a note to exclude civil automotive infrared focal plane array systems from control under ECCN 6A003. As with the comments regarding similar items in 6A002, these changes to 6A003 would require agreement with Wassenaar members and exceed the scope of this rule. However, commenters are welcome to submit additional information to BIS to help inform further discussion on whether a Wassenaar proposal to amend this ECCN is warranted.

Revisions to ECCNs 6A990 and 6E990

ECCN 6A990 controls certain read-out integrated circuits (ROICs) that enable 3D automotive imaging and ranging. The February 2016 rule proposed to expand the scope of ROICs controlled under that ECCN by controlling ROICs that are specially designed for focal plane arrays controlled under ECCN 6A002.a.3. Such ROICs would be subject to an RS1 control but would be eligible for License Exception LVS. However, under the proposed rule, ROICs specially designed for civil automotive applications would not be controlled under 6A990.

One commenter expressed support for controlling ROICs “specially designed” for 6A002.a.3 focal plane arrays under the EAR rather than the ITAR. However, three commenters also expressed concerns or requested clarification on the proposals for ROICs in 6A990. One commenter opposed expanding the scope of 6A990 to include certain non-ITAR ROICs that are currently EAR99. The commenter cited foreign availability for such ROICs that today may be exported without a license. BIS believes that expanding the scope of 6A990 is warranted to address military applications of dual-use ROICs. Also, BIS believes that industry will benefit from the clearer bright line control for ROICs in the State Department's final rule, which should reduce the possibility of commercial ROICs becoming controlled under the ITAR. With respect to foreign availability, BIS plans to work with its interagency colleagues to propose a control for ROICs on the Wassenaar Arrangement Dual-Use List.

One commenter expressed confusion regarding the proposed note carving out ROICs specially designed for civil automotive applications from control under 6A990. The commenter believed that most or all ROICs used in civil automotive applications are part of general purpose infrared focal plane arrays that are used in numerous applications. Thus, it was unclear how a ROIC could be specially designed for only civil automotive applications. As a result of reviewing commodity Start Printed Page 70325jurisdiction determinations, BIS believes that there are ROICs that have been specially designed for civil automotive applications. To the extent that a ROIC is specially designed for a general purpose focal plane array controlled under 6A002, then it would be controlled under 6A990.

One commenter also recommended that all ROICs specially designed for civil applications be excluded from control under 6A990. For the reasons described above regarding concern over military applications and the added benefit of clarity of the potential impact of the ITAR on commercial ROICs, BIS does not accept this recommendation.

One commenter stated that commercial ROICs should be EAR99 and requested clarification on how commercial ROICs would be controlled under the February 2016 rule. Under this final rule, ROICs that are not ITAR controlled (i.e., are not infrared focal plane array ROICs specially designed for a defense article) would be controlled under 6A990 if they are specially designed for a focal plane array in 6A002.a.3. If a ROIC is not specially designed for a 6A002.a.3 focal plane array, then the ROIC would be designated EAR99. Also, if a ROIC is specially designed for civil automotive applications, then the ROIC would also be designated EAR99.

One commenter also stated that the $500 LVS exception is reasonable but requested clarification on whether the value limit would apply to each ROIC or to a wafer of ROICs. The $500 value limit does not apply to an individual ROIC or a wafer of ROICs but rather to the actual total selling price of all 6A990 ROICs in the same order. Section 740.3 describes the terms and conditions of using License Exception LVS, including the requirements for valuing the commodities at issue. In addition to properly valuing the order, orders may not be split to meet the applicable value limit, and the total value of exports per calendar year to the same ultimate or intermediate consignee may not exceed twelve times the value limit.

For the reasons stated above, this final rule revises ECCN 6A990 as proposed in the February 2016 rule, with one addition to the Related Controls paragraph. Since the ITAR also controls ROICs under Category XV(e)(3), this final rule adds a reference to those ROICs as well as those controlled under Category XII(e). Also, since this final rule adopts the changes to § 744.9 and 0A919, this final rule also maintains reference to those provisions in the Related Controls of this ECCN. Finally, additional limitations on the use of license exceptions for this ECCN are addressed further herein.

ECCN 6E990 controls technology required for the development or production of ROICs controlled in 6A990. The February 2016 rule proposed to revise the Related Controls paragraph to reference the corresponding USML control for technical data directly related to ROICs described in Category XII. BIS received no public comments on this revision and adopts it in this final rule, but makes one corresponding change. Since this final rule revises the Related Controls paragraph of 6A990 to refer to ROICs controlled under Category XV, this final rule also refers to the applicable technical data control in Category XV for such ROICs.

Revisions to 6A993

ECCN 6A993 controls cameras in 6A993.a having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz and thus meeting the criterion specified in Note 3.a to ECCN 6A003.b.4.b. The February 2016 rule proposed to revise the Related Controls paragraph to remind readers of the applicability of § 744.9 and ECCN 0A919 to 9 Hz cameras. Since this final rule revises § 744.9 and ECCN 0A919 to add 9 Hz cameras to those provisions, this final rule adopts the proposal to add references to those provisions in the Related Controls paragraph of 6A993.

BIS did not receive public comments on the Related Controls paragraph, but did receive two comments related to 6A993. One commenter stated that 6A993 should control cameras having an operating speed of 60 Hz or less and incorporating a focal plane array in 6A003.b.4.b with a maximum of 328,000 elements or less. BIS rejects this recommendation as this would require agreement with Wassenaar members and is beyond the scope of this rule. One commenter expressed concerns that 6A993 items could be pulled into the ITAR due to the use of specially designed for infrared focal plane arrays in the State Department's second proposed rule. While the State Department's final rule addresses this issue, BIS notes that the intent was to control uniquely military infrared detection items (even comparatively lower performing military items) on the ITAR; therefore the EAR controls the commercial and dual-use infrared detection items. Thus, the commenter's concern is correct, but that was intended under the February 2016 rules as well as under these final rules.

Revisions to ECCNs 6D002, 6D003, and 6D991

The Wassenaar Arrangement's List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies imposes limited controls on software related to commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 and 6A003. As a result, the CCL currently has the following multilateral and unilateral software controls related to such items: ECCN 6D002 (software specially designed for the use of commodities controlled under ECCN 6A002.b), ECCN 6D003.c (software designed or modified for cameras incorporating focal plane arrays specified by ECCN 6A002.a.3.f and designed or modified to remove a frame rate restriction and allow the camera to exceed the frame rate specified in ECCN 6A003.b.4 Note 3.a), and ECCN 6D991 (software, n.e.s., specially designed for the development, production, or use of commodities controlled under ECCN 6A002.a.1.d or 6A990).

To address concerns regarding the lack of comprehensive software controls related to commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 and 6A003, the February 2016 rule proposed to consolidate existing, unilateral software controls and expand them to revise ECCN 6D991 to also control software, not elsewhere specified, that is specially designed for the development, production, or use of commodities controlled by ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003. The February 2016 rule proposed to make such software subject to the RS Column 1 reason for control. Also, the February 2016 rule proposed to remove eligibility to use License Exception TSR for the software described above in ECCNs 6D002 and 6D003.c. To prevent confusion over multiple ECCNs potentially controlling the same software, the February 2016 rule proposed to add language to the Related Controls paragraphs of ECCN 6D991 to confirm that software currently controlled under ECCNs 6D002 and 6D003.c would remain controlled under those provisions. To reflect this understanding, the February 2016 rule also proposed to revise the Related Controls paragraphs of ECCNs 6D002 and 6D003 to provide references to ECCNs 6D991.

Four commenters expressed concerns about the proposed revisions to the software controls described above. Two commenters recommended removing “use” software for 6A002 and 6A003 commodities from the scope of ECCN 6D991. One of those commenters stated that software field upgrades would be more challenging and costly, which would put U.S. suppliers at a competitive disadvantage. The other commenter mentioned that even though Start Printed Page 70326typical operation software would be unlikely to meet all six elements of the definition of “use,” the control could create confusion. BIS agrees with the second commenter that it is unlikely that operation software would meet all six elements of “use.” Further, BIS believes that it is unlikely that software for field upgrades, which would likely be focused on camera maintenance, would include all six elements of “use” and thus be controlled. Therefore, BIS does not accept this recommendation.

Another commenter expressed concerns that the proposed expansion of 6D991 could affect software used in the production and testing of 6A003 and possibly 6A993 items, but the commenter noted it was unclear the extent to which the controls would apply to certain types of software due to difficulty in applying the definition of “specially designed” in the context of software. The commenter also expressed concerns on needing to get a license to provide field testing software to service centers. BIS notes that the intent of expanding 6D991, among other things, was to include software specially designed for the production of 6A003 cameras. This does not include software used for testing 6A003 cameras for purposes outside of the production or development process. Therefore, BIS believes that the scope of control in 6D991 is appropriate. With respect to applying the definition of “specially designed” to software, BIS notes that any software would be caught by paragraph (a) if it achieves the parameters described in the relevant USML or CCL entry as a result of “development” or if it is used in or with a commodity enumerated on the CCL or USML. Software is, however, eligible for the paragraph (b) releases. For example, if software used for the production of a controlled item has the same function, performance capabilities, and the same or equivalent form and fit, as software used in the production of an item controlled for AT reasons only, then such software would qualify for the release under paragraph (b)(3). Note 3 to paragraph (b)(3) also provides guidance on interpreting “form,” “fit,” “function,” and “performance capability” with respect to software. Finally, with respect to software for field testing centers, such software would have to meet all six elements of the definition of “use” in order to be controlled in 6D991.

One commenter stated that software used to operate a camera should be EAR99 and further expressed concern that a license would be required for software that interfaces with the arrays for either manufacturing or testing applications. Under the February 2016 proposed rule and this final rule, software simply used to operate a camera would not be controlled under 6D991 and would be EAR99. Again, all six elements of the “use” definition must be met in order to be considered “use” software under 6D991. In addition, BIS reiterates that software used for testing outside of the production or development process would not be captured by 6D991. Software that is used to test during the production or development process and that meets the definition of “specially designed” would be controlled by 6D991.

One commenter opposed removing the ability to use License Exception TSR for 6D002 (software “specially designed” for the “use” of commodities controlled under ECCN 6A002.b) and 6D003.c. The commenter cited concerns about U.S. competitiveness and working cooperatively in Wassenaar countries. BIS believes that U.S. competitiveness will be greatly improved by the bright line approach in the State Department's final rule for USML Category XII, which makes clear that commercial items (and related technology and software) are not generally intended to be controlled under the ITAR. BIS believes that removing TSR eligibility for these ECCNs is warranted.

BIS received no comments related to other aspects of the changes to ECCNs 6D002, 6D003, and 6D991. For the reasons described above, this final rule adopts the proposed changes to those ECCNs without revision.

Revisions to ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002

ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002 control development and production technology, respectively, related to multiple ECCNs in Category 6, including items related to infrared detection in ECCNs 6A002 and 6A003. The February 2016 rule proposed to remove eligibility to use License Exception TSR for all 6E001 or 6E002 technology related to commodities controlled under 6A002 or 6A003. Further, the February 2016 rule proposed to add guidance to the Related Controls paragraphs in those ECCNs to provide clarity on technology controls related to commodities subject to the ITAR.

BIS received two public comments in response to the proposed changes to 6E001 and 6E002. One commenter stated that the February 2016 rule would put restrictions on the commodities related to manufacturing a focal plane array, including “substrates, epitaxial grown materials, zinc diffusion, software, and firmware in cameras.” The controls in 6E001 and 6E002 apply to technology for the development or production of certain commodities (and software in the case of 6E001). Those controls do not apply to the commodities themselves, which are found in ECCNs 6A002 and 6A003. In addition, the applicable software controls are found in ECCNs 6D002, 6D003, and 6D991.

One public commenter expressed concerns about the removal of License Exception TSR due to concerns about U.S. competitiveness and working cooperatively in Wassenaar countries. As previously mentioned, BIS believes that U.S. competitiveness will be greatly improved by the bright line approach in the State Department's final rule for USML Category XII, which makes clear that commercial items (and related technology and software) are not generally intended to be controlled under the ITAR. BIS believes that removing TSR eligibility for these ECCNs is warranted.

This final rule revises ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002 as proposed, but amends the availability of License Exception TSR for certain technology related to 6A003 cameras. That change is described further below in response to public comments regarding License Exception STA.

Addition to Section 740.2

Section 740.2 sets forth restrictions on all license exceptions, and the February 2016 rule proposed a new restriction in § 740.2(a)(7) that would apply to 6E001 or 6E002 technology required for the development or production of the following focal plane arrays: Photon detector, microbolometer detector, pyroelectric, or multispectral detector infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs), described in ECCN 6A002, having a peak response within the wavelength range exceeding 900 nm but not exceeding 30,000 nm, excluding lead sulfide or lead selenide infrared focal plane arrays having a peak response within the wavelength range exceeding 1,000 nm but not exceeding 5,000 nm and not exceeding 16 detector elements. Moreover, under the February 2016 rule, § 740.2(a)(7) would apply to 6E001 or 6E002 technology required for the development or production of third generation image intensifier tubes or image intensifier tubes greater than third generation (e.g., EBAPS). BIS received no public comments on this provision and adopts it in this final rule. To provide further clarity, this final rule includes the full name for EBAPS, Electron Bombarded Active Pixel Sensor. As mentioned in the February 2016 rule and adopted in this final rule, Start Printed Page 70327the 6E001 and 6E002 technology described above will be eligible for License Exception GOV under § 740.11(b)(2) of the EAR.

Restrictions on the Use of License Exception APR

License Exception APR currently authorizes specified reexports of items subject to the EAR by certain countries to specified destinations without individual licenses from BIS. The February 2016 rule proposed to increase the number of items ineligible for § 740.16(b) by including all items in ECCNs 6A002, 6A003, and 6A990 in the restrictions found in paragraph (a)(2) of that section. BIS received one general comment that opposed any reduction in the availability of license exceptions, but the commenter did not address any specific concerns regarding APR. Consequently, BIS adopts the changes proposed for paragraph (a) of APR in this final rule and makes only slight revisions to that paragraph for clarity.

As previously mentioned, this final rule retains the license requirement and license exception construct for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras. This construct includes provisions in paragraph (b) of APR. However, this final rule adopts the non-substantive changes to paragraph (b) that were proposed in the February 2016 rule and rearranges the list of items to make the text clearer. BIS received no comments on the clarifying, non-substantive changes to § 740.16(b) and adopts them in this final rule while keeping the existing special provision for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras in § 740.16(b)(3).

Restrictions on the Use of License Exception STA

Section 740.20(b)(2)(x) restricts the use of License Exception STA for specific commodities controlled by ECCN 6A002, as well as related technology controlled by 6E001 or 6E002. The February 2016 rule proposed to expand that restriction to include all items in the following ECCNs: 6A002; 6A990; 6D002 (for the use of commodities controlled under ECCN 6A002.b); 6D003.c; 6D991 (for the development, production, or use of commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002, 6A003, or 6A990); 6E001 (for the development of commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003); 6E002 (for the production of commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003); and 6E990. Additionally, the February 2016 rule proposed to add new ECCN 0E987 to the list of items restricted from STA under § 740.20(b)(2)(ii).

Three commenters expressed concerns with those proposed restrictions. One commenter recommended that STA be allowed for all items in 6A002 and 6A990. The commenter noted that doing so would be consistent with continuing to allow STA for 6A003 cameras. Also, the commenter believed this restriction would put U.S. companies at a competitive disadvantage due to foreign availability for such items for which there are less restrictive controls, and that some development technology for 6A990 read-out integrated circuits (ROICs) is already publicly available. The commenter also noted that ROICs not subject to the ITAR have historically been EAR99. BIS does not accept this recommendation at this time. Items controlled in 6A002 and 6A990, while dual use, have important military applications, and thus removal of STA eligibility is warranted. However, after the effective date of this rule, BIS will assess licensing volumes and re-evaluate whether a change to STA eligibility is necessary. Further, BIS notes that some items in 6A002 are only subject to NS2 and AT controls, so STA would not be needed to export or reexport to countries in Country Group A:1.

In addition to opposing the removal of STA for 6A002 and 6A990, one commenter also opposed the license exception's removal for ECCNs 6D002, 6D003, 6D991, 6E001, and 6E002. The commenter stated removing STA would hurt U.S. competitiveness, harm the ability to work internally and cooperatively within affiliates in Wassenaar countries, increase administrative burden, and could require licenses for providing field testing software to service centers. As previously mentioned, BIS believes that this software and technology has important military applications, and thus excluding the use of STA is warranted. Also, BIS believes that U.S. competitiveness will be greatly improved by the bright line approach in the State Department's final rule for USML Category XII, which makes clear that commercial items (and related technology and software) are not generally intended to be controlled under the ITAR. With respect to providing field testing software, BIS believes that such software is unlikely to meet the definition of “use” and unlikely to be controlled under ECCNs 6D002, 6D003, or 6D991.

One commenter requested that BIS allow STA for 6E001 and 6E002 technology for civil automotive far infrared night vision systems at the camera level. The commenter mentioned that the company has used STA when civil automotive vehicle manufacturers have required audits on products and manufacturing, which includes sharing design and manufacturing technology with non-U.S. nationals. BIS accepts this recommendation in part. This final rule revises § 740.20(b)(2)(x) to remove STA eligibility as described in the February 2016 rule. However, this final rule revises the eligibility to use License Exception TSR under ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002 to allow technology for the integration of 6A003 cameras into camera systems specially designed for civil automotive applications. Under this change, this technology may be released to Country Group B destinations or nationals so long as all terms and conditions of TSR are complied with, including obtaining a written assurance. This ability to use TSR is limited to specific 6E001 or 6E002 technology related to 6A003 cameras, and does not apply to 6E001 or 6E002 technology related to 6A002 items within the 6A003 cameras.

Revisions to Licensing Policy

As previously mentioned, this final rule retains the provisions in § 742.6 that apply to the authorization construct for certain uncooled thermal imaging cameras. However, the February 2016 rule also proposed revisions to licensing policy for items controlled for RS reasons by revising § 742.6(b)(1) to include new licensing policy for 6E001 or 6E002 technology for the development or production of focal plane arrays or image intensifier tubes described in 6A002, or for 6E990 technology. Under the February 2016 rule, such technology would be subject to a presumption of denial for license applications for exports or reexports to countries in Country Group D:5. BIS received no public comments on this proposal and is adopting the proposed changes to § 742.6(b)(1) in this final rule.

BIS is also removing the heading in § 742.6(b)(1)(i), which was proposed in the February 2016 rule to read “9x515 and `600 series' ECCNs.” BIS is making this change because that paragraph applies to more than just 9x515 and 600 series items. Finally, as described below under ECCN 7E611, this final rule removes the proposed worldwide RS control for 7E611.a, and thus removes proposed § 742.6(a)(8) and references to that paragraph in § 742.6(b)(1).Start Printed Page 70328

Establishment of “600 Series” for Military Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance Items Under ECCNs 7A611, 7B611, 7D611, and 7E611

The May 2015 rule proposed establishing two separate 600 series controls in 6x615 and 7x611. The February 2016 rule proposed to consolidate those entries and establish a single “600 series” by revising ECCN 7A611 and adding new ECCNs 7B611, 7D611, and 7E611 for military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance and control commodities, software, and technology. Two commenters supported this simplified structure, and this final rule adopts the proposed consolidation of 600 series controls under 7x611 ECCNs.

Since categories 6 and 7 of the CCL currently control certain laser, imaging, and guidance items, the February 2016 rule also proposed to amend ECCN 6A611 to refer readers to Category 7 to locate the appropriate controls. BIS received no comments on this revision. This final rule revises 6A611 to add the reference to 7A611, but this final rule revises the term “guidance and control” to “guidance” to conform to changes made in the State Department's final rule. References to “control” are similarly removed throughout these 600 series entries to conform to the State Department's final rule.

Three commenters provided comments on these proposed 600 series entries. Revisions to the proposed 600 series ECCNs are described below.

Establishment of ECCN 7A611

As described in the February 2016 rule, ECCN 7A611 would control military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance and control equipment that would be removed from USML Category XII and that are not covered by an existing ECCN subject to controls for reasons other than AT reasons. This included controlling certain guidance, navigation, or control systems; inertial measurement units; accelerometers; gyros or angular rate sensors; and gravity meters (gravimeters) in paragraphs .a through .e. Paragraph .x would control parts, components, accessories, and attachments that are specially designed for a commodity controlled by ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or a defense article in USML Category XII and not controlled elsewhere on the USML or in 7A611.y or 3A611.y. All items that would be controlled under 7A611.a-.x would be controlled for NS, RS, AT, and UN reasons. Paragraph .y, which would be controlled for AT reasons, would control specific parts, components, accessories, and attachments specially designed for a commodity subject to control in ECCN 7A611, or a defense article in USML Category XII and not elsewhere specified on the USML or in the CCL, and parts, components, accessories, and attachments specially designed therefor. The February 2016 rule did not include any items in 7A611.y. This final rule revises ECCN 7A611 with revisions to the February 2016 proposed rule as described below.

Two commenters provided recommendations or requested clarification on ECCN 7A611. One commenter pointed out that certain dual-use items controlled in CCL Category 7 may become controlled under 7A611 because such dual-use items would not qualify for the release in paragraph (b)(3) of the definition of “specially designed,” which applies to parts, components, accessories, or attachments that have the same function, performance capabilities, and the same or equivalent form and fit, as a commodity used in or with an item that is or was in production and is either not enumerated on the CCL or USML, or is described in an ECCN controlled only for AT reasons. Since many of the Category 7 parts and components are incorporated into Category 7 higher-level assemblies that are subject to NS or MT reasons, such parts and components would not be eligible for the (b)(3) release of specially designed.

To address this concern, BIS is revising and restructuring 7A611.x to specify that 7A611.x does not control items described in ECCNs 6A007, 6A107, 7A001, 7A002, 7A003, 7A101, 7A102, or 7A103. Essentially, this revision is an exception to the normal process of the Order of Review in which 600 series entries normally take precedence over dual-use entries in the CCL. BIS believes this change is warranted to address the concern raised by the commenter, and BIS believes that the dual-use controls provide sufficient levels of control to capture military items previously in USML Category XII that meet the parameters in one of the dual-use ECCNs listed above. As part of this change, BIS is also removing the entries that were proposed in 7A611.b-.e for inertial measurement units, accelerometers, gyros or angular rate sensors, and gravity meters (gravimeters). These items will be controlled under 7A611.x to the extent that they are specially designed and not controlled under the list of dual-use ECCNs described above. To ensure clarity on where such items are controlled, BIS is also adding text to 7A611.x to specifically name such items.

One commenter also questioned why 7A611 does not include the missile technology (MT) reason for control. BIS concurs that MT should be added to 7A611, and this final rule adds that control to the ECCN for commodities in 7A611.a that meet or exceed the parameters in 7A103.b or .c. Also, with the change described above to 7A611.x, ECCNs 6A107, 7A101, 7A102, and 7A103 will address those other items potentially controlled for MT reasons.

One commenter recommended that infrared optical elements, such as optical blanks and lenses, should not be controlled using “specially designed” under 7A611.x. Instead, the commenter believed that only certain germanium blanks and infrared lenses with certain resistivity should be controlled in 7A611. The commenter believed that all other optics blanks and infrared lenses should be EAR99. To support these recommendations, the commenter stated that applying “specially designed” would be burdensome since many of these products are made according to customer specifications and may have overlapping size, curvature, and fit requirements among both military and commercial customers. The commenter also believed that such controls would be more restrictive than the EU's export control regime. BIS believes that the commenter's recommended controls would not capture all optical blanks and infrared lenses that warrant control. Further, it is BIS's understanding that such items would be controlled under ML 15 of the Wassenaar Arrangement if they are specially designed. Therefore, BIS does not accept this recommendation. To the extent that optical blanks or infrared lenses meet the definition of “specially designed,” they would be controlled under 7A611.x.

BIS is also making additional conforming changes. This final rule revises the Related Controls paragraph to add references to ECCNs 6A107 and 7A103 since those ECCNs control related items. Also, this final rule removes the sentence in the Related Controls regarding navigation and avionics equipment specially designed for military application. In the February 2016 rule, that sentence referred readers to ECCN 3A611, which is incorrect. Such equipment is currently controlled in ECCN 9A610. Additionally, this final rule removes the word “control” from “guidance, navigation, and control systems” in 7A611.a and from the first sentence in the Related Controls to conform with changes made in the State Department's final rule.Start Printed Page 70329

Establishment of 7B611

The February 2016 rule proposed creating ECCN 7B611 to impose controls on test, inspection, and production equipment and related commodities specially designed for military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance and control equipment. Paragraph .a would control such equipment specially designed for the development, production, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of items controlled in ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or commodities in USML Category XII that are not enumerated in USML Category XII or controlled by a 600 series ECCN. Paragraph .b would control environmental test facilities specially designed for certification, qualification, or testing of commodities controlled in ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or commodities in USML Category XII that are not enumerated in USML Category XII or a 600 series ECCN. Paragraph .c would control field test equipment specially designed to evaluate or calibrate the operation of systems described in USML Category XII(a), (b), or (c). Paragraph .x would control parts, components, accessories, and attachments that are specially designed for such test, inspection and production equipment that are not enumerated on the USML or controlled by another 600 series ECCN. Items in ECCN 7B611 would be controlled for NS, RS, AT, and UN reasons.

BIS did not receive any public comments specific to ECCN 7B611. This final rule adopts the proposal to add 7B611 to the CCL, with three conforming changes. First, as previously mentioned, this final rule is revising references to “guidance and control” to just “guidance.” This final rule makes that change in the heading of the ECCN. Second, this final rule adds an MT control for 7B611.a commodities specially designed for 7A611.a commodities controlled for MT reasons. This change is being made to correspond to the addition of an MT control in 7A611. Third, paragraphs .b and .c now specify that those paragraphs control items not controlled by another 600 series to bring them into conformity with prior language used in other 600 series ECCNs for test, inspection, and production equipment.

Establishment of 7D611

The February 2016 rule proposed adding ECCN 7D611 to control software specially designed for the development, production, operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled by 7A611 or 7B611. Such software would be controlled for NS, RS, AT, and UN reasons. Any software added to 7D611.y would be controlled for AT reasons only.

BIS did not receive any public comments specific to ECCN 7D611. Thus, this final rule adopts the proposal to add 7D611 to the CCL with one conforming change. This final rule adds an MT control for 7D611.a software specially designed for 7A611.a commodities controlled for MT reasons. This change is being made to correspond to the addition of an MT control in 7A611.

Establishment of 7E611 and Revisions to § 742.6 for Licensing 600 Series Items

The February 2016 rule proposed adding ECCN 7E611 to control technology required for the development, production, operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of items controlled by 7A611, 7B611, or 7D611. Such technology would be controlled for NS, RS, AT, and UN reasons, but certain technology described in proposed 7E611.a (technology required for the development or production of commodities controlled by proposed 7A611.a-.e) would be subject to a worldwide RS reason for control, pursuant to proposed text added to § 742.6(a)(8). All other technology in 7E611, other than 7E611.y, would be subject to an RS Column 1 control. Any technology added to 7E611.y would be controlled for AT reasons only.

When adding the worldwide RS control to 7E611 in the February 2016 rule, BIS believed that the worldwide RS control would only affect technical data currently controlled in USML Category XII(f) that is not eligible for the Canadian exemption under Supplement No. 1 to part 126 of the ITAR. As described in proposed § 742.6(b)(1), proposed 7E611.a technology would be subject to the same licensing policy as other 600 series items. In addition, License Exception STA would not be available for 7E611.a technology but would be available for technology in 7E611.b or .c for exports or reexports to Country Group A:5.

BIS received one public comment pertaining to ECCN 7E611, and that commenter supported limiting a worldwide RS control to technology proposed to be controlled in 7E611.a. However, by revising 7A611.x so that it does not control items described in ECCNs 6A007, 6A107, 7A001, 7A002, 7A003, 7A101, 7A102, or 7A103, this final rule significantly reduces the scope of items in 7A611 and related technology in 7E611. Consequently, BIS believes that the proposed worldwide RS control is no longer warranted. This final rule removes the worldwide RS control in 7E611 and § 742.6(a)(8), removes the restriction on the use of License Exception STA for Country Group A:5, and restructures the Items paragraph to match the normal structure for a 600 series technology ECCN. ECCN 7E611.a will control technology required for the development, production, operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities or software controlled by ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y), 7B611, or 7D611 (except 7D611.y). ECCN 7E611.y will control specific technology required for the production, development, operation, installation, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of commodities or software controlled by ECCNs 7A611.y or 7D611.y.

This final rule also adds an MT control for technology for 7E611.a technology if required for items controlled for MT reasons in 7A611.a, 7B611.a, or 7D611.a. This change is being made to correspond to the addition of an MT control in 7A611, 7B611, and 7D611.

BIS received no public comments regarding the description of the license requirement for 7E611.a in § 742.6(a)(1) or the revisions to § 742.6(b)(1) describing licensing policy for RS Column 1 items and ECCN 7E611.a. Consequently, this final rule revises those sections consistent with the February 2016 rule.

Revisions to Other Existing ECCNs

The February 2016 rule proposed to revise many existing dual-use ECCNs to provide cross references to USML Category XII for similar items subject to the ITAR. BIS received no public comments on the proposed changes to the Related Controls paragraphs of those dual-use ECCNs. Therefore, this final rule revises the Related Controls to cross-reference similar items subject to the ITAR in ECCNs 6A004, 6A005, 6A007, 6A107, 7A001, 7A002, 7A003, 7A005, 7A101, and 7A102. The February 2016 rule also proposed to revise the Related Controls paragraph in ECCN 8A002 to refer readers to the potential license requirement in § 744.9, which would apply to commodities in 8A002.d.1.c or .d.2. Since this final rule adopts the proposed increase in scope of § 744.9 for 8A002.d items, this final rule also revises the Related Controls reference to that section in 8A002.

BIS also proposed to revise the Related Controls paragraph of ECCN 2A984, which controls certain concealed object detection equipment. This final rule maintains the cross reference to USML Category XII(c) for Start Printed Page 70330related terahertz imaging systems subject to the ITAR, but moves the reference to the first sentence of the Related Controls paragraph. Additionally, this final rule also revises the scope of control of ECCN 2A984. The State Department's February 2016 rule proposed to change the scope of terahertz imaging systems subject to the ITAR by controlling those that have a peak response in the frequency range exceeding 30 GHz but not exceeding 3000 GHz, and having a resolution less (better) than 0.1 milliradians at a standoff range of 100 m. This would have led to an inadvertent result where terahertz imaging systems having a peak response in the frequency range exceeding 30 GHz but not exceeding 3000 GHz, and having a resolution of 0.1 to 0.5 milliradians at a standoff range of 100 m would be designated EAR99, while less capable terahertz imaging systems would be controlled under 2A984. To address this gap, this final rule amends the heading of 2A984 to control concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution of 0.1 milliradian up to and including 1 milliradian at a standoff distance of 100 meters (and parts and components not elsewhere specified), and makes conforming changes to the related controls section.

Finally, BIS proposed to revise ECCN 6A008 to add a sentence to the Related Controls paragraph for certain laser detection and ranging (LADAR), light detection and ranging (LIDAR), or range-gated systems subject to the ITAR. One commenter recommended that BIS expand an existing sentence in the Related Controls on car radar designed for collision avoidance to provide that 6A008 does not control civil automotive radar or LIDAR. BIS does not accept this recommendation as making this change would require agreement with other Wassenaar members. Therefore, this final rule revises the Related Controls paragraph as proposed.

Export Administration Act

Although the Export Administration Act expired on August 20, 2001, the President, through Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783 (2002), as amended by Executive Order 13637 of March 8, 2013, 78 FR 16129 (March 13, 2013) and as extended by the Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016), has continued the Export Administration Regulations in effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act. BIS continues to carry out the provisions of the Export Administration Act, as appropriate and to the extent permitted by law, pursuant to Executive Order 13222, as amended by Executive Order 13637.

Rulemaking Requirements

1. Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distribute impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. This rule has been designated a “significant regulatory action,” although not economically significant, under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the rule has been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).

2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person is required to respond to, nor is subject to a penalty for failure to comply with, a collection of information, subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) (PRA), unless that collection of information displays a currently valid OMB control number. This proposed rule would affect two approved collections: Simplified Network Application Processing + System (control number 0694-0088), which includes, among other things, license applications, and License Exceptions and Exclusions (0694-0137).

As stated in a proposed rule published on July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41958) (“July 15 proposed rule”), BIS initially believed that the combined effect of all rules to be published adding items to the EAR that will be removed from the ITAR as part of the Administration's Export Control Reform Initiative would increase the number of license applications to be submitted by approximately 16,000 annually. As the review of the USML has progressed, the interagency group has gained more specific information about the number of items that will come under BIS jurisdiction and whether those items would be eligible for export under license exceptions. As of June 21, 2012, BIS revised that estimate to an increase in license applications of 30,000 annually, resulting in an increase in burden hours of 8,500 (30,000 transactions at 17 minutes each) under control number 0694-0088. BIS continues to believe that its revised estimate is accurate.

Some items formerly on the USML would become eligible for License Exception STA under this rule. As stated in the July 15 proposed rule, BIS believes that the increased use of License Exception STA resulting from the combined effect of all rules to be published adding items to the EAR that would be removed from the ITAR as part of the Administration's Export Control Reform Initiative would increase the burden associated with control number 0694-0137 by about 23,858 hours (20,450 transactions at 1 hour and 10 minutes each).

BIS expects that this increase in burden would be more than offset by a reduction in burden hours associated with approved collections related to the ITAR. This proposed rule addresses controls on fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance and control items. With few exceptions, most exports of such items, even when destined to NATO member states and other close allies, require State Department authorization. In addition, the exports of technology necessary to produce such items in the inventories of the United States and its NATO and other close allies require State Department authorizations. Under the EAR, as proposed, such technology that would be subject to the EAR would become eligible for export to NATO member states and other close allies under License Exception STA unless otherwise specifically excluded. Use of License Exception STA imposes a paperwork and compliance burden because, for example, exporters must furnish information about the item being exported to the consignee and obtain from the consignee an acknowledgement and commitment to comply with the EAR. However, the Administration believes that complying with the requirements of STA is likely less burdensome than applying for licenses. For example, under License Exception STA, a single consignee statement can apply to an unlimited number of products, need not have an expiration date, and need not be submitted to the government in advance for approval. Suppliers with regular customers can tailor a single statement and assurance to match their business relationship rather than applying repeatedly for licenses with every purchase order to supply reliable customers in countries that are close allies or members of export control regimes or both.

3. This rule does not contain policies with Federalism implications as that term is defined under E.O. 13132.

4. The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Start Printed Page 70331Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to the notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553) or any other statute, unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Under section 605(b) of the RFA, however, if the head of an agency (or his or her designee) certifies that a rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities, the statute does not require the agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis. Pursuant to section 605(b), the Chief Counsel for Regulation, Department of Commerce, submitted a memorandum to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy, Small Business Administration, certifying that the May 5 proposed rule would not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. The rationale for that certification was set forth in the preamble to that proposed rule. Although BIS received no comments on that rationale, and has accordingly made no changes to the proposed rule based on the RFA certification, BIS has determined that, in the interest of openness and transparency, it will briefly restate the rationale behind the certification here.

This proposed rule is part of the Administration's Export Control Reform Initiative, which seeks to revise the USML to a positive list—one that does not use generic, catch-all controls for items listed—and to move some items that the President has determined no longer merit control under the ITAR to control under the CCL.

Although BIS does not collect data on the size of entities that apply for and are issued export licenses, and is therefore unable to estimate the exact number of small entities—as defined by the Small Business Administration's regulations implementing the RFA—BIS acknowledges that some small entities may be affected by this proposed rule.

The main effects on small entities resulting from this rule will be in application times, costs, and delays in receiving licenses to export goods subject to the CCL. However, while small entities may experience some costs and time delays for exports due to the license requirements of the CCL, these costs and delays will likely be significantly less than they were for items previously subject to the USML. BIS believes that in fact this rule will result in significantly reduced administrative costs and delays for exports of items that will, upon this rule's implementation, be subject to the EAR rather than the ITAR. Currently, USML applicants must pay to use the USML licensing procedure even if they never actually are authorized to export. Registration fees for manufacturers and exporters of articles on the USML start at $2,250 per year, increase to $2,750 for organizations applying for one to ten licenses per year and further increases to $2,750 plus $250 per license application (subject to a maximum of three percent of total application value) for those who need to apply for more than ten licenses per year. By contrast, BIS is statutorily prohibited from imposing licensing fees. In addition, exporters and reexporters of goods that would become subject to the EAR under this rule would need fewer licenses because their transactions would become eligible for license exceptions that were not available under the ITAR. Additionally, the ITAR controls parts and components even when they are incorporated—in any amount—into a foreign-made product. That limitation on the use of US-made goods subject to the ITAR discouraged foreign manufacturers from importing US goods. However, the EAR has a de minimis exception for US-manufactured goods that are incorporated into foreign-made products. This exception may benefit small entities by encouraging foreign producers to use more US-made items in their goods.

Even where an exporter or reexporter would need to obtain a license under the EAR, that process is both cheaper and more flexible than obtaining a license under the ITAR. For example, unlike the ITAR, the EAR does not require license applicants to provide BIS with a purchase order with the application, meaning that small (or any) entities can enter into negotiations or contracts for the sale of goods without having to caveat any sale presentations with a reference to the need to obtain a license under the ITAR before shipment can occur. Second, the EAR allows license applicants to obtain licenses to cover all expected exports or reexports to a particular consignee over the life of a license, rather than having to obtain a new license for every transaction.

In short, BIS expects that the changes to the EAR proposed in this rule will have a positive effect on all affected entities, including small entities. While BIS acknowledges that this rule may have some cost impacts to small (and other) entities, those costs are more than offset by the benefits to the entities from the licensing procedures under the EAR, which are much less costly and less time consuming than the procedures under the ITAR. Accordingly, the Chief Counsel for Regulation for the Department of Commerce has certified that this rule, if implemented, will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Accordingly, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required, and none has been prepared.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

15 CFR Part 734

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Exports
  • Inventions and patents
  • Research
  • Science and technology

15 CFR Part 740

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Exports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

15 CFR Part 742

  • Exports
  • Terrorism

15 CFR Part 744

  • Exports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Terrorism

15 CFR Part 772

  • Exports

15 CFR Part 774

  • Exports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
End List of Subjects

For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR parts 730-774) are amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 734—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 734 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; E.O. 12938, 59 FR 59099, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 950; E.O. 13020, 61 FR 54079, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 219; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; E.O. 13637, 78 FR 16129, 3 CFR, 2014 Comp., p. 223; Notice of November 12, 2015, 80 FR 70667 (November 13, 2015); Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Section 734.4 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (a)(3) and revising paragraph (a)(5).

End Amendment Part

The revision reads as follows:

De minimis U.S. content.

(a) * * *

(5) There is no de minimis level for foreign-made “military commodities” incorporating one or more of the commodities described in ECCN 0A919.a.1 when destined for a country listed in Country Group D:5 of Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR.

* * * * *
Start Part Start Printed Page 70332

PART 740—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

3. The authority citation for part 740 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

4. Section 740.2 is amended by adding paragraph (a)(7) and removing and reserving paragraph (a)(9).

End Amendment Part

The addition reads as follows:

Restrictions on All License Exceptions.

(a) * * *

(7) With the exception of License Exception GOV (§ 740.11(b)(2)), license exceptions are not available for the following 6E001 or 6E002 technology:

(i) Technology required for the “development” or “production” of photon detector, microbolometer detector, pyroelectric, or multispectral detector, infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs), described in ECCN 6A002, having a peak response within the wavelength range exceeding 900 nm but not exceeding 30,000 nm, excluding lead sulfide or lead selenide IRFPAs having a peak response within the wavelength range exceeding 1,000 nm but not exceeding 5,000 nm and not exceeding 16 detector elements; or

(ii) Technology required for the “development” or “production” of third generation or greater (e.g., Electron Bombarded Active Pixel Sensor (EBAPS)) image intensifier tubes described in ECCN 6A002.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

5. Section 740.16 is amended by revising paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(1) through (3) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Additional permissive reexports (APR).

(a) * * *

(2) The commodities being reexported are not controlled for NP, CB, MT, SI or CC reasons or described in ECCNs 0A919, 3A001.b.2 or b.3 (except those that are being reexported for use in civil telecommunications applications), 6A002, 6A003, or 6A990; and

* * * * *

(b) * * *

(1) Eligible commodities may be reexported to and among destinations in Country Group A:1 and Hong Kong for use or consumption within a destination in Country Group A:1 (see Supplement No. 1 to part 740) or Hong Kong, or for reexport from such country in accordance with other provisions of the EAR.

(2) Commodities not eligible for reexport under paragraph (b)(1) are:

(i) Commodities controlled for nuclear nonproliferation or missile technology reasons;

(ii) Commodities in 3A001.b.2 or b.3 (except those that are being reexported for use in civil telecommunications applications);

(iii) “Military commodities” described in ECCN 0A919;

(iv) Commodities described in ECCN 0A987 that incorporate an image intensifier tube; or

(v) Commodities described in ECCNs 6A002 or 6A990.

(3) Cameras described in ECCNs 6A003 may be exported or reexported to and among countries in Country Group A:1 (see Supplement No. 1 to this part) if:

(i) Such cameras are fully packaged for use as consumer ready civil products; or

(ii) Such cameras with not more than 111,000 elements are to be embedded in civil products.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 740.20 is amended by revising paragraphs (b)(2)(ii) and (b)(2)(x), to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
License Exception Strategic Trade Authorization (STA).
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(2) * * *

(ii) License Exception STA may not be used for any item controlled under ECCNs 0A981, 0A982, 0A983, 0A985, 0E982, or 0E987.

* * * * *

(x) License Exception STA may not be used for items controlled by ECCNs 6A002; 6A990; 6D002 (software “specially designed” for the “use” of commodities controlled under 6A002.b); 6D003.c; 6D991 (software “specially designed” for the “development,” “production,” or “use” of commodities controlled under 6A002, 6A003, or 6A990); 6E001 (“technology” for the “development” of commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003); 6E002 “technology” (for the “production” of commodities controlled under ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003); or 6E990.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 742—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

7. The authority citation for part 742 continues to read as follows: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 3201 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7210; Sec. 1503, Pub. L. 108-11, 117 Stat. 559; E.O. 12058, 43 FR 20947, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 179; E.O. 12851, 58 FR 33181, 3 CFR, 1993 Comp., p. 608; E.O. 12938, 59 FR 59099, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 950; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Presidential Determination 2003-23, 68 FR 26459, 3 CFR, 2004 Comp., p. 320; Notice of November 12, 2015, 80 FR 70667 (November 13, 2015); Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

8. Section 742.6 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(1) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Regional stability.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(1) Licensing policy for RS Column 1 items. (i) Applications for exports and reexports of 9x515 and “600 series” items will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis to determine whether the transaction is contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States, including the foreign policy interest of promoting the observance of human rights throughout the world. Other applications for exports and reexports described in paragraph (a)(1), (2), (6), or (7) of this section will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis to determine whether the export or reexport could contribute directly or indirectly to any country's military capabilities in a manner that would alter or destabilize a region's military balance contrary to the foreign policy interests of the United States. Applications for reexports of items described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section will be reviewed applying the policies for similar commodities that are subject to the ITAR. Applications for export or reexport of items classified under any 9x515 or “600 series” ECCN requiring a license in accordance with paragraph (a)(1) of this section will also be reviewed consistent with United States arms embargo policies in § 126.1 of the ITAR if destined to a country set forth in Country Group D:5 in Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR. Applications for export or reexport of “parts,” “components,” “accessories,” “attachments,” “software,” or “technology” “specially designed” or otherwise required for the F-14 aircraft will generally be denied. When destined to the People's Republic of China or a country listed in Country Group E:1 in Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR, items classified under any 9x515 ECCN will be subject to a policy of denial.

(ii) Applications for exports and reexports to a country listed in Country Group D:5 (in Supplement No. 1 to part Start Printed Page 70333740 of the EAR) of technology controlled under 6E001 for the development of focal plane arrays or image intensifier tubes described in 6A002, technology controlled under 6E002 for the production of focal plane arrays or image intensifier tubes described in 6A002, or technology controlled under 6E990 will be reviewed with a presumption of denial.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 744—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

9. The authority citation for part 744 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 3201 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7210; E.O. 12058, 43 FR 20947, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 179; E.O. 12851, 58 FR 33181, 3 CFR, 1993 Comp., p. 608; E.O. 12938, 59 FR 59099, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 950; E.O. 12947, 60 FR 5079, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 356; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13099, 63 FR 45167, 3 CFR, 1998 Comp., p. 208; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; E.O. 13224, 66 FR 49079, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 786; Notice of September 18, 2015, 80 FR 57281 (September 22, 2015); Notice of November 12, 2015, 80 FR 70667 (November 13, 2015); Notice of January 20, 2016, 81 FR 3937 (January 22, 2016); Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

10. Section 744.9 is amended by revising the section heading and paragraphs (a) and (b) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Restrictions on exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) of certain cameras, systems, or related components.

(a) General prohibitions. (1) In addition to the applicable license requirements for national security, regional stability, anti-terrorism and United Nations embargo reasons in §§ 742.4, 742.6, 742.8, 746.1(b), and 746.3 of the EAR, a license is required to export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) to any destination other than Canada commodities described in ECCNs 0A987 (incorporating commodities controlled by ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003, or commodities controlled by 6A993.a that meet the criterion of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4), 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A993.a (having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz and thus meeting the criteria of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4), or 8A002.d if at the time of export, reexport, or transfer, the exporter, reexporter, or transferor knows or is informed that the item will be or is intended to be:

(i) Used by a “military end-user,” as defined in paragraph (d) of this section; or

(ii) Incorporated into a “military commodity” controlled by ECCN 0A919.

(2) The license requirement described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section does not apply to exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of items described in that paragraph when such items are being reexported or transferred as part of a military deployment by a unit of the government of a country in Country Group A:1 (see Supplement No. 1 to part 740).

(b) Additional prohibition on exporters, reexporters, or transferors informed by BIS. BIS may inform an exporter, reexporter, or transferor, either individually by specific notice or through amendment to the EAR, that a license is required for the export, reexport, or transfer of commodities described in ECCNs 0A987 (incorporating commodities controlled by ECCNs 6A002 or 6A003, or commodities controlled by 6A993.a that meet the criterion of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4), 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A993.a (having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz and thus meeting the criteria of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4), or 8A002.d to specified end users, because BIS has determined that there is an unacceptable risk of diversion to the users or unauthorized incorporation into the “military commodities” described in paragraph (a) of this section. Specific notice is to be given only by, or at the direction of, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Administration. When such notice is provided orally, it will be followed by a written notice within two working days signed by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 772—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

11. The authority citation for part 772 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

12. Section 772.1 is amended by revising the last sentence in Note 1 to the definition of “specially designed,” to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Definitions of terms as used in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
* * * * *

Specially designed. * * *

Note 1:

* * * For purposes of “specially designed,” ECCNs 0B986, 0B999, 0D999, 1B999, 1C992, 1C995, 1C997, 1C999, 6A998 (except for .b), and 9A991 are treated as ECCNs controlled exclusively for AT reasons.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 774—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

13. The authority citation for part 774 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 10 U.S.C. 7420; 10 U.S.C. 7430(e); 22 U.S.C. 287c, 22 U.S.C. 3201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6004; 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 15 U.S.C. 1824a; 50 U.S.C. 4305; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7210; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; Notice of August 4, 2016, 81 FR 52587 (August 8, 2016).

End Authority

Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 [Amended]

Start Amendment Part

14. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 0, ECCN 0A919 is amended by revising the Items paragraph of the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
* * * * *

0A919 “Military commodities” located and produced outside the United States as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Items:

a. “Military commodities” produced and located outside the United States that are not subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CFR parts 120-130) and having any of the following characteristics:

a.1. Incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin controlled content classified under ECCNs 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A993.a (having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz and thus meeting the criterion of Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4);

a.2. Incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S.-origin “600 series” controlled content (see § 734.4 of the EAR); or

a.3. Are direct products of U.S.-origin “600 series” technology or software (see § 736.2(b)(3) of the EAR).

b. [Reserved]

Start Amendment Part

15. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 0, ECCN 0A987 is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Revising paragraph f. in the Items paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Adding a note to 0A987.f.

End Amendment Part

The revisions and addition read as follows:

0A987 Optical sighting devices for firearms (including shotguns controlled by 0A984); and “components” as follows (See List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *
Start Printed Page 70334

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category I(f) for riflescopes subject to the ITAR that are not night sighting devices. (2) See USML Category XII(c) for sighting devices using second generation image intensifier tubes having luminous sensitivity greater than 350 µA/lm, or third generation or higher image intensifier tubes, that are subject to the ITAR. (3) See USML Category XII(b) for laser aiming or laser illumination systems subject to the ITAR. (4) Section 744.9 imposes a license requirement on certain commodities described in 0A987 if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into an item controlled by ECCN 0A919.

* * * * *

Items:

* * * * *

f. Laser aiming devices or laser illuminators “specially designed” for use on firearms, and having an operational wavelength exceeding 400 nm but not exceeding 710 nm.

Note:

0A987.f does not control laser boresighting devices that must be placed in the bore or chamber to provide a reference for aligning the firearms sights.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

16. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 0, add ECCN 0E987 between ECCN 0E984 and EAR99 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

0E987 “Technology” “required” for the “development,” or “production” of commodities controlled by 0A987 that incorporate a focal plane array or image intensifier tube.

License Requirements

Reason for Control: RS, AT

Control(s)Country chart (See supp. No. 1 to part 738)
RS applies to entire entryRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

CIV: N/A

TSR: N/A

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: N/A

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.

Start Amendment Part

17. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 2, ECCN 2A984 is amended by revising the heading and Note 1 of the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

2A984 Concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution of 0.1 milliradian up to and including 1 milliradian at a standoff distance of 100 meters; and “parts” and “components,” n.e.s.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) Concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution less than 0.1 milliradian (a lower milliradian number means a more accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is “subject to the ITAR” under USML Category XII(c). * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

18. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A002 is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Removing the “Special Conditions for STA” section; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section.

End Amendment Part

The revision reads as follows:

6A002 Optical sensors and equipment and “components” therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(e)for infrared focal plane arrays, image intensifier tubes, and related parts and components, subject to the ITAR. (2) See USML Category XV(e) for space-qualified focal plane arrays subject to the ITAR. (3) See also ECCNs 6A102, 6A202, and 6A992. (4) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made military commodities that incorporate commodities described in 6A002. (5) Section 744.9 imposes a license requirement on commodities described in ECCN 6A002 if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into an item controlled by ECCN 0A919.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

19. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A003 is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Adding a License Requirement Note in the License Requirements section;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Revising notes 3 and 4 in the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Adding note 5 to the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section.

End Amendment Part

The additions and revisions read as follows:

6A003 Cameras, systems or equipment, and “components” therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

* * * * *

License Requirement Note: Commodities that are not subject to the ITAR but are of the type described in USML Category XII(c) are controlled as cameras in ECCN 6A003 when they incorporate a camera controlled in this ECCN.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: * * * (3) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made military commodities that incorporate cameras described in 6A003. (4) Section 744.9 imposes a license requirement on cameras described in 6A003 if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into a commodity controlled by ECCN 0A919. (5) See USML Category XII(c) and (e) for cameras subject to the ITAR.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

20. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A004 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A004 Optical equipment and “components,” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) For optical mirrors or `aspheric optical elements' “specially designed” for lithography “equipment,” see ECCN 3B001. (2) See USML Category XII(e) for gimbals “subject to the ITAR.” (3) See also 6A994.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

21. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A005 is amended by revising the last two sentences in the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A005 “Lasers,” “components” and optical equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled), excluding items that are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: * * * (6) See USML Category XII(b) and (e) for laser systems or lasers subject to the ITAR. (7) See USML Category XVIII for certain laser-based directed energy weapon systems, equipment, and components subject to the ITAR.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

22. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A007 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Printed Page 70335

6A007 Gravity meters (gravimeters) and gravity gradiometers, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(d) for certain gravity meters (gravimeters) and gravity gradiometers subject to the ITAR. (2) See also ECCNs 6A107, 6A997, and 7A611.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

23. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A008 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A008 Radar systems, equipment and assemblies, having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled), and “specially designed” “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) This entry does not control: Secondary surveillance radar (SSR); Car radar designed for collision prevention; Displays or monitors used for Air Traffic Control (ATC) having no more than 12 resolvable elements per mm; Meteorological (weather) radar. (2) See also ECCNs 6A108 and 6A998. ECCN 6A998 controls, inter alia, the Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) equipment excluded by the note to paragraph j of this ECCN (6A008). (3) See USML Category XII(b) for certain LIDAR, Laser Detection and Ranging (LADAR), or range-gated systems subject to the ITAR.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

24. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A107 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A107 Gravity meters (gravimeters) or gravity gradiometers, other than those controlled by 6A007, designed or modified for airborne or marine use, as follows, (see List of Items Controlled) and “specially designed” “parts” and “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: See USML Category XII(d) for certain gravity meters (gravimeters) or gravity gradiometers subject to the ITAR. See also ECCN 7A611.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

25. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A611 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A611 Acoustic systems and equipment, radar, and “parts,” “components,” “accessories,” and “attachments” “specially designed” therefor, “specially designed” for a military application that are not enumerated in any USML category or other ECCN are controlled by ECCN 3A611. Military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance equipment that are not enumerated in any USML category or ECCN are controlled by ECCN 7A611.

Start Amendment Part

26. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A990 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A990 Read-out integrated circuits, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: RS, AT

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
RS applies to entire entryRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

LVS: $500

GBS: N/A

CIV: N/A

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Categories XII(e) and XV(e)(3) for read-out integrated circuits “subject to the ITAR.” (2) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made military commodities that incorporate commodities described in 6A990. (3) Section 744.9 imposes a license requirement on commodities described in 6A990 if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into a commodity controlled by ECCN 0A919.

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

a. Read-out integrated circuits “specially designed” for “focal plane arrays” controlled by 6A002.a.3;

Note: 6A990.a does not control read-out integrated circuits “specially designed” for civil automotive applications.

b. [RESERVED]

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

27. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6A993 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6A993  Cameras, not controlled by 6A003 or 6A203, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign made military commodities that incorporate cameras described in 6A993.a that meet the criteria specified in Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4.b (i.e., having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz). (2) Section 744.9 imposes license requirements on cameras described in 6A993.a as a result of meeting the criteria specified in Note 3.a to 6A003.b.4.b (i.e., having a maximum frame rate equal to or less than 9 Hz) if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into a commodity controlled by ECCN 0A919.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

28. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6D002 is amended by revising the TSR paragraph in the List Based License Exceptions section and the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6D002 “Software” “specially designed” for the “use” of equipment controlled by 6A002.b, 6A008 or 6B008.

* * * * *

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

* * * * *

TSR: Yes, except N/A for the following: (1) Items controlled for MT reasons; (2) “Software” “specially designed” for the “use” of “space qualified” “laser” radar or Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) equipment defined in 6A008.j.1; or (3) “Software” “specially designed” for the “use” of commodities controlled by 6A002.b.

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) “Software” “specially designed” for the “use” of “space-qualified” LIDAR “equipment” “specially designed” for surveying or for meteorological observation, released from control under the note in 6A008.j, is controlled in 6D991. (2) See also ECCNs 6D102, 6D991, and 6D992.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

29. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6D003 is amended by revising the TSR paragraph in the List Based License Exceptions section and the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6D003 Other “software” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

* * * * *

TSR: Yes, except for 6D003.c and exports or reexports to destinations outside of those countries listed in Country Group A:5 (See Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR) of “software” for items controlled by 6D003.a.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *
Start Printed Page 70336

Related Controls: See also ECCNs 6D103, 6D991, and 6D993.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

30. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6D991 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6D991 “Software,” n.e.s., “specially designed” for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of commodities controlled by 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, 6A991, 6A996, 6A997, or 6A998.

License Requirements

Reason for Control: RS, AT

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
RS applies to “software” for commodities controlled by 6A002, 6A003, 6A990, or 6A998.bRS Column 1
RS applies to “software” for commodities controlled by 6A998.cRS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry, except “software” for commodities controlled by 6A991AT Column 1
AT applies to “software” for commodities controlled by 6A991AT Column 2

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a description of all license exceptions)

CIV: N/A

TSR: N/A

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 6D002 for “software” “specially designed” for the “use” of commodities controlled under ECCN 6A002.b. (2) See ECCN 6D003.c for “software” “specially designed” for cameras incorporating “focal plane arrays” specified by 6A002.a.3.f and “specially designed” to remove a frame rate restriction and allow the camera to exceed the frame rate specified in 6A003.b.4 Note 3.a.

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.

Start Amendment Part

31. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6E001 is amended by revising the TSR paragraph in the List Based License Exceptions section and the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6E001 “Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” of equipment, materials or “software” controlled by 6A (except 6A990, 6A991, 6A992, 6A994, 6A995, 6A996, 6A997, 6A998, or 6A999.c), 6B (except 6B995), 6C (except 6C992 or 6C994), or 6D (except 6D991, 6D992, or 6D993).

* * * * *

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

* * * * *

TSR: Yes, except for the following: (1) Items controlled for MT reasons; (2) “Technology” for commodities controlled by 6A002, 6A004.e or 6A008.j.1; (3) “Technology” for 6A003 cameras, unless for “technology” for the integration of 6A003 cameras into camera systems “specially designed” for civil automotive applications; (4) “Technology” for “software” “specially designed” for “space qualified” “laser” radar or Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) equipment defined in 6A008.j.1 and controlled by 6D001 or 6D002; or (5) Exports or reexports to destinations outside of those countries listed in Country Group A:5 (See Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR) of “technology” for the “development” of the following: (a) Items controlled by 6A001.a.1.b, 6A001.a.1.e, 6A001.a.2.a.1, 6A001.a.2.a.2, 6A001.a.2.a.3, 6A001.a.2.a.5, 6A001.a.2.a.6, 6A001.a.2.b, 6A001.a.2.d, 6A001.a.2.e., 6A004.c, 6A004.d,, 6A006.a.2, 6A006.c.1, 6A006.d, 6A006.e, 6A008.d, 6A008.h, 6A008.k, 6B008, or 6D003.a; (b) Equipment controlled by 6A001.a.2.c or 6A001.a.2.f when “specially designed” for real time applications; or (c) “Software” controlled by 6D001 and “specially designed” for the “development” or “production” of equipment controlled by 6B008, or 6D003.a.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) Technical data directly related to satellites and all other items described in USML Category XV are subject to the ITAR under USML Category XV(f). (2) Technical data directly related to laser systems, infrared imaging systems, and all other items described in USML Category XII are subject to the ITAR under USML Category XII(f). (3) See also 6E101, 6E201, and 6E991.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

32. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6E002 is amended by revising the TSR paragraph in the List Based License Exceptions section and the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6E002 “Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “production” of equipment or materials controlled by 6A (except 6A990, 6A991, 6A992, 6A994, 6A995, 6A996, 6A997, 6A998 or 6A999.c), 6B (except 6B995) or 6C (except 6C992 or 6C994).

* * * * *

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

* * * * *

TSR: Yes, except for the following:

(1) Items controlled for MT reasons;

(2) “Technology” for commodities controlled by 6A002, 6A004.e, or 6A008.j.1;

(3) “Technology” for 6A003 cameras, unless for “technology” for the integration of 6A003 cameras into camera systems “specially designed” for civil automotive applications ; or

(4) Exports or reexports to destinations outside of those countries listed in Country Group A:5 (See Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR) of “technology” for the “production” of the following: (a) Items controlled by 6A001.a.1.b, 6A001.a.1.e, 6A001.a.2.a.1, 6A001.a.2.a.2, 6A001.a.2.a.3, 6A001.a.2.a.5, 6A001.a.2.a.6, 6A001.a.2.b, 6A004.c, 6A004.d, 6A006.a.2, 6A006.c.1, 6A006.d, 6A006.e, 6A008.d, 6A008.h, 6A008.k, or 6B008; and (b) Items controlled by 6A001.a.2.c or 6A001.a.2.f when “specially designed” for real time applications.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) Technical data directly related to satellites and all other items described in USML Category XV are subject to the ITAR under USML Category XV(f). (2) Technical data directly related to laser systems, infrared imaging systems, and all other items described in USML Category XII are subject to the ITAR under USML Category XII(f). (3) See also 6E992.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

33. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 6, ECCN 6E990 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

6E990 “Technology” “required” for the “development” or “production” of commodities controlled by ECCN 6A990.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: Technical data directly related to read-out integrated circuits described in USML Categories XII(e) or XV(e)(3) is subject to the ITAR under USML Categories XII(f) or XV(f), respectively.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

34. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A001 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A001 Accelerometers as follows (see List of Items Controlled) and “specially designed” “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(e) for accelerometers subject to the ITAR. (2) See also ECCNs 7A101, 7A611, and 7A994. (3) For angular or rotational accelerometers, see ECCN7A001.b. (4) MT Start Printed Page 70337controls do not apply to accelerometers that are “specially designed” and developed as Measurement While Drilling (MWD) sensors for use in downhole well service applications.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

35. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A002 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A002 Gyros or angular rate sensors, having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled) and “specially designed” “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(e) for gyros or angular rate sensors subject to the ITAR. (2) See also ECCNs 7A102, 7A611, and 7A994. (3) For angular or rotational accelerometers, see ECCN 7A001.b.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

36. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A003 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section, to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A003 `Inertial measurement equipment or systems,' having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See also ECCNs 7A103, 7A611, and 7A994. (2) See USML Category XII(d) for guidance or navigation systems subject to the ITAR.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

37. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, amend ECCN 7A005 by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A005 Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receiving equipment having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled) and “specially designed” “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See also ECCNs 7A105 and 7A994. Typically commercially available GNSS receivers do not employ decryption or adaptive antennas and are classified as 7A994. (2) See USML Category XII(d) for GNSS receiving equipment subject to the ITAR.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

38. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A101 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A101 Accelerometers, other than those controlled by 7A001 (see List of Items Controlled), and “specially designed” “parts” and “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(e) for accelerometers subject to the ITAR. (2) See also ECCNs 7A001 and 7A611. (3) This entry does not control accelerometers that are “specially designed” and developed as MWD (Measurement While Drilling) sensors for use in downhole well service operations.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

39. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A102 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A102 Gyros, other than those controlled by 7A002 (see List of Items Controlled), and “specially designed” “parts” and “components” therefor.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) See USML Category XII(e) for gyros or angular rate sensors subject to the ITAR. (2) See also ECCNs 7A002, 7A611, and 7A994.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

40. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A611 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A611 Military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
NS applies to entire entry except 7A611.yNS Column 1
MT applies to commodities in 7A611.a that meet or exceed the parameters in 7A103.b or .cMT Column 1
RS applies to entire entry except 7A611.yRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry except 7A611.ySee § 746.1(b) for UN controls

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

LVS: $1500

GBS: N/A

CIV: N/A

Special Conditions for STA

STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (§ 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 7A611.

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: (1) Military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance equipment that are enumerated in USML Category XII, and technical data (including software) directly related thereto, are subject to the ITAR. (2) See Related Controls in ECCNs 0A987, 2A984, 6A002, 6A003, 6A004, 6A005, 6A007, 6A008, 6A107, 7A001, 7A002, 7A003, 7A005, 7A101, 7A102, and 7A103. (3) See ECCN 3A611 and USML Category XI for controls on countermeasure equipment. (4) See ECCN 0A919 for foreign-made “military commodities” that incorporate more than a de minimis amount of U.S. origin “600 series” controlled content.

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

a. Guidance or navigation systems, not elsewhere specified on the USML, that are “specially designed” for a defense article on the USML or for a 600 series item.

b. to w. [RESERVED]

x. “Parts,” “components,” “accessories,” and “attachments,” including accelerometers, gyros, angular rate sensors, gravity meters (gravimeters), and inertial measurement units (IMUs), that are “specially designed” for defense articles controlled by USML Category XII or items controlled by 7A611, and that are NOT:

1. Enumerated or controlled in the USML or elsewhere within ECCN 7A611;

2. Described in ECCNs 6A007, 6A107, 7A001, 7A002, 7A003, 7A101, 7A102 or 7A103; or

3. Elsewhere specified in ECCN 7A611.y or 3A611.y.

y. Specific “parts,” “components,” “accessories,” and “attachments” “specially designed” for a commodity subject to control in this ECCN or a defense article in Category XII and not elsewhere specified on the USML or in the CCL, as follows, and “parts,” “components,” “accessories,” and “attachments” “specially designed” therefor:

y.1 [RESERVED]

Start Amendment Part

41. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7A994 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7A994 Other navigation direction finding equipment, airborne communication equipment, all aircraft inertial navigation systems not controlled under 7A003 or 7A103, and other avionic equipment, including “parts” and “components,” n.e.s.

License Requirements

Reason for Control: AT

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1
Start Printed Page 70338

License Requirement Notes:

Typically commercially available GPS do not employ decryption or adaptive antenna and are classified as 7A994.

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

LVS: N/A

GBS: N/A

CIV: N/A

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: See 7A005 and 7A105.

Related Definitions: N/A

Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

42. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, add ECCN 7B611 between ECCNs 7B103 and 7B994 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7B611 Test, inspection, and production commodities “specially designed” for military fire control, laser, imaging, and guidance equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
NS applies to entire entryNS Column 1
MT applies to 7B611.a commodities “specially designed” for 7A611.a commodities controlled for MT reasonsMT Column 1
RS applies to entire entryRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1
UN applies to entire entrySee § 746.1(b) for UN controls

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

LVS: $1500

GBS: N/A

CIV: N/A

Special Conditions for STA

STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (§ 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be used for any item in 7B611.

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: N/A

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

a. Test, inspection, and production end items and equipment “specially designed” for the “development,” “production,” repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities controlled in ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or commodities in USML Category XII that are not enumerated in USML Category XII or controlled by another “600 series” ECCN.

b. Environmental test facilities “specially designed” for the certification, qualification, or testing of commodities controlled in ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or guidance equipment in USML Category XII that are not enumerated in USML Category XII or controlled by another “600 series” ECCN.

c. Field test equipment “specially designed” to evaluate or calibrate the operation of systems described in USML Category XII(a), (b), or (c).

d. to w. [RESERVED]

x. “Parts,” “components,” “accessories,” and “attachments” that are “specially designed” for a commodity listed in this entry and that are not enumerated on the USML or controlled by another “600 series” ECCN.

Start Amendment Part

43. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, add ECCN 7D611 between ECCNs 7D103 and 7D994 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7D611 “Software” “specially designed” for commodities controlled by 7A611 or equipment controlled by 7B611, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
NS applies to entire entry except 7D611.yNS Column 1
MT applies to 7D611.a “software” “specially designed” for 7A611.a commodities controlled for MT reasonsMT Column 1
RS applies to entire entry except 7D611.yRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry except 7D611.ySee § 746.1(b) for UN controls

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

CIV: N/A

TSR: N/A

Special Conditions for STA

STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (§ 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be used for any software in 7D611.

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: “Software” directly related to articles enumerated in USML Category XII is subject of USML paragraph XII(f).

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

a. “Software” “specially designed” for the “development,” “production,” operation, or maintenance of commodities controlled by ECCNs 7A611 (except 7A611.y) or 7B611.

b. to x. [RESERVED]

y. Specific “software” “specially designed” for the “development,” “production,” operation, or maintenance of commodities described in 7A611.y.

Start Amendment Part

44. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, add ECCN 7E611 between ECCNs 7E104 and 7E994 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

7E611 “Technology” “required” for the “development,” “production,” operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul or refurbishing of commodities controlled by 7A611, commodities controlled by 7B611, or software controlled by 7D611, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

License Requirements

Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN

Control(s)Country chart (see supp. No. 1 to part 738)
NS applies to entire entry except 7E611.yNS Column 1
MT applies to “technology” in 7E611.a if “required” for items controlled for MT reasons in 7A611.a, 7B611.a, or 7D611.aMT Column 1
RS applies to entire entry except 7E611.yRS Column 1
AT applies to entire entryAT Column 1
UN applies to entire entry except 7E611.ySee § 746.1(b) for UN controls

List Based License Exceptions (See Part 740 for a Description of All License Exceptions)

CIV: N/A

TSR: N/A

Special Conditions for STA

STA: Paragraph (c)(2) of License Exception STA (§ 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR) may not be used for any technology in 7E611.

List of Items Controlled

Related Controls: Technical data directly related to articles enumerated in USML Category XII are subject to the control of USML Category XII(f).

Related Definitions: N/A

Items:

a. “Technology” “required” for the “development,” “production,” operation, installation, maintenance, repair, overhaul, or refurbishing of commodities or “software” controlled by ECCN 7A611 (except 7A611.y), 7B611, or 7D611 (except 7D611.y).

b. through .x [RESERVED]

y. Specific “technology” “required” for the “production,” “development,” operation, installation, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of commodities or software controlled by ECCNs 7A611.y or 7D611.y.

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45. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 7, ECCN 7E994 is amended by revising the Related Controls paragraph Start Printed Page 70339in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

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7E994 “Technology,” n.e.s., for the “development,” “production”, or “use” of navigation, airborne communication, and other avionics equipment.

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: N/A

* * * * *
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46. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 8, ECCN 8A002 is amended by adding a sentence to the end of the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section to read as follows:

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8A002 Marine systems, equipment, “parts” and “components,” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: * * * (5) Section 744.9 imposes a license requirement on commodities described in 8A002.d if being exported, reexported, or transferred (in-country) for use by a military end-user or for incorporation into an item controlled by ECCN 0A919.

* * * * *
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47. In Supplement No. 1 to part 774, Category 9, ECCN 9A991 is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Removing the License Requirement Notes paragraph in the License Requirements section, and

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b. Revising the Related Controls paragraph in the List of Items Controlled section.

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The revision reads as follows:

9A991 “Aircraft”, n.e.s., and gas turbine engines not controlled by 9A001 or 9A101 and “parts” and “components,” n.e.s. (see List of Items Controlled).

* * * * *

List of Items Controlled

* * * * *

Related Controls: N/A

* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: September 15, 2016.

Kevin J. Wolf,

Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2016-24220 Filed 10-11-16; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3510-33-P