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Voting Rights Act Amendments of 2006, Determinations Under Section 203

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Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


Notice of determination.


As required by Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended, this notice publishes the Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau) Director's determinations as to which political subdivisions are subject to the minority language assistance provisions of the Act. As of this date, those jurisdictions that are listed as covered by Section 203 have a legal obligation to provide the minority language assistance prescribed by the Act.


This notice is effective on December 5, 2016.

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For information regarding this notice, please contact Mr. James Whitehorne, Chief, Census Redistricting and Voting Rights Data Office, Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce, Room 4H057, 4600 Silver Hill Rd, Washington, DC 20233, by telephone at 301-763-4039, or visit the Redistricting & Voting Rights Data Office Internet site at​rdo/​.

For information regarding the applicable provisions of the Act, please contact T. Christian Herren, Jr., Chief, Voting Section, Civil Rights Division, United States Department of Justice, Room 7254-NWB, 950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20530, by telephone at (800) 253-3931 or visit the Voting Section Internet site at​crt/​voting-section.

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In July 2006, Congress amended the Voting Rights Act of 1965, now codified at Title 52, United States Code (U.S.C.), § , 10301 et seq. (See Pub. L. 109-246, 120 Stat. 577 (2006)). Among other changes, the sunset date for minority language assistance provisions set forth in Section 203 of the Act was extended to August 5, 2032.

Section 203 mandates that a state or political subdivision must provide language assistance to voters if more than five (5) percent of voting age citizens are members of a single-language minority group and do not “speak or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process” and if the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade. When a state is covered for a particular language minority group, an exception is made for any political subdivision in which less than five (5) percent of the voting age citizens are members of the minority group and are limited in English proficiency, unless the political subdivision is covered independently. A political subdivision is also covered if more than 10,000 of the voting age citizens are members of a single-language minority group, do not “speak Start Printed Page 87533or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process,” and the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade.

Finally, if more than five (5) percent of the American Indian or Alaska Native voting age citizens residing within an American Indian Area, as defined for the purposes of the decennial census, are members of a single language minority group, do not “speak or understand English adequately enough to participate in the electoral process,” and the rate of those citizens who have not completed the fifth grade is higher than the national rate of voting age citizens who have not completed the fifth grade, any political subdivision, such as a county, which contains all or any part of that American Indian Area, is covered by the minority language assistance provision set forth in Section 203. For the 2010 Census, American Indian areas and Alaska Native Regional Corporations were identified by the federally recognized tribal governments, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and state governments. The Census Bureau worked with American Indians and Alaska Natives to identify statistical areas, such as Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Areas (OTSA), Tribal Designated Statistical Areas (TDSA), State Designated Tribal Statistical Areas (SDTSA), and Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas (ANVSA).

Pursuant to Section 203, the Census Bureau Director has the responsibility to determine which states and political subdivisions are subject to the minority language assistance provisions of Section 203. The state and political subdivisions obligated to comply with the requirements are listed in the attachment to this Notice.

Section 203 also provides that the “determinations of the Director of the Census under this subsection shall be effective upon publication in the Federal Register and shall not be subject to review in any court.” Therefore, as of this date, those jurisdictions that are listed as covered by Section 203 have legal obligation to provide the minority language assistance prescribed in Section 203 of the Act. In the cases where a state is covered, those counties or county equivalents not displayed in the attachment are exempt from the obligation. Those jurisdictions subject to Section 203 of the Act previously, but not included on the list below, are no longer obligated to comply with Section 203.

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Dated: November 22, 2016.

John H. Thompson,

Director, Bureau of the Census.

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Covered Areas for Voting Rights Bilingual Election Materials—2015

State and political subdivisionLanguage minority group
Aleutians East BoroughFilipino.
Aleutians East BoroughHispanic.
Aleutians East BoroughYup'ik.
Aleutians West Census AreaAleut.
Aleutians West Census AreaFilipino.
Bethel Census AreaInupiat.
Bethel Census AreaYup'ik.
Bristol Bay BoroughYup'ik.
Dillingham Census AreaYup'ik.
Kenai Peninsula BoroughYup'ik.
Kodiak Island BoroughYup'ik.
Lake and Peninsula BoroughYup'ik.
Nome Census AreaInupiat.
Nome Census AreaYup'ik.
North Slope BoroughInupiat.
Northwest Arctic BoroughInupiat.
Southeast Fairbanks Census AreaAlaskan Athabascan.
Valdez-Cordova Census AreaAlaskan Athabascan.
Wade Hampton Census AreaInupiat.
Wade Hampton Census AreaYup'ik.
Yukon-Koyukuk Census AreaAlaskan Athabascan.
Yukon-Koyukuk Census AreaInupiat.
Apache CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Coconino CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Gila CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Graham CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Maricopa CountyHispanic.
Navajo CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Pima CountyHispanic.
Pinal CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Santa Cruz CountyHispanic.
Yuma CountyHispanic.
State CoverageHispanic.
Alameda CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Alameda CountyFilipino.
Alameda CountyHispanic.
Alameda CountyVietnamese.
Colusa CountyHispanic.
Contra Costa CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Contra Costa CountyHispanic.
Del Norte CountyAmerican Indian (All other American Indian Tribes).
Fresno CountyHispanic.
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Glenn CountyHispanic.
Imperial CountyHispanic.
Kern CountyHispanic.
Kings CountyHispanic.
Los Angeles CountyCambodian.
Los Angeles CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Los Angeles CountyFilipino.
Los Angeles CountyHispanic.
Los Angeles CountyKorean.
Los Angeles CountyVietnamese.
Madera CountyHispanic.
Merced CountyHispanic.
Monterey CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Orange CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyKorean.
Orange CountyVietnamese.
Riverside CountyHispanic.
Sacramento CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Sacramento CountyHispanic.
San Benito CountyHispanic.
San Bernardino CountyHispanic.
San Diego CountyAmerican Indian (All other American Indian Tribes).
San Diego CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
San Diego CountyFilipino.
San Diego CountyHispanic.
San Diego CountyVietnamese.
San Francisco CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
San Francisco CountyHispanic.
San Joaquin CountyHispanic.
San Mateo CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
San Mateo CountyHispanic.
Santa Barbara CountyHispanic.
Santa Clara CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Santa Clara CountyFilipino.
Santa Clara CountyHispanic.
Santa Clara CountyVietnamese.
Stanislaus CountyHispanic.
Tulare CountyHispanic.
Ventura CountyHispanic.
Conejos CountyHispanic.
Costilla CountyHispanic.
Denver CountyHispanic.
La Plata CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Montezuma CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Saguache CountyHispanic.
Bridgeport townHispanic.
East Hartford townHispanic.
Hartford townHispanic.
Kent townAmerican Indian (All other American Indian Tribes).
Meriden townHispanic.
New Britain townHispanic.
New Haven townHispanic.
New London townHispanic.
Waterbury townHispanic.
Windham townHispanic.
State CoverageHispanic.
Broward CountyHispanic.
DeSoto CountyHispanic.
Hardee CountyHispanic.
Hendry CountyHispanic.
Hillsborough CountyHispanic.
Lee CountyHispanic.
Miami-Dade CountyHispanic.
Orange CountyHispanic.
Osceola CountyHispanic.
Palm Beach CountyHispanic.
Pinellas CountyHispanic.
Polk CountyHispanic.
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Seminole CountyHispanic.
Gwinnett CountyHispanic.
Honolulu CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Honolulu CountyFilipino.
Lincoln CountyHispanic.
Cook CountyAsian Indian.
Cook CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Cook CountyHispanic.
Kane CountyHispanic.
Lake CountyHispanic.
Buena Vista CountyHispanic.
Tama CountyAmerican Indian (All other American Indian Tribes).
Finney CountyHispanic.
Ford CountyHispanic.
Grant CountyHispanic.
Haskell CountyHispanic.
Seward CountyHispanic.
Montgomery CountyHispanic.
Boston cityHispanic.
Chelsea cityHispanic.
Holyoke cityHispanic.
Lawrence cityHispanic.
Lowell cityCambodian.
Lowell cityHispanic.
Lynn cityHispanic.
Malden cityChinese (including Taiwanese).
Quincy cityChinese (including Taiwanese).
Revere cityHispanic.
Southbridge townHispanic.
Springfield cityHispanic.
Worcester cityHispanic.
Colfax townshipHispanic.
Fennville cityHispanic.
Hamtramck cityBangladeshi.
Attala CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Jackson CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Jones CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Kemper CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Leake CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Neshoba CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Newton CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Noxubee CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Scott CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Winston CountyAmerican Indian (Choctaw).
Colfax CountyHispanic.
Dakota CountyHispanic.
Dawson CountyHispanic.
Clark CountyFilipino.
Clark CountyHispanic.
New Jersey:
Bergen CountyHispanic.
Bergen CountyKorean.
Camden CountyHispanic.
Cumberland CountyHispanic.
Essex CountyHispanic.
Hudson CountyHispanic.
Middlesex CountyAsian Indian.
Middlesex CountyHispanic.
Passaic CountyHispanic.
Union CountyHispanic.
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New Mexico:
Bernalillo CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Bernalillo CountyHispanic.
Chaves CountyHispanic.
Cibola CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Doña Ana CountyHispanic.
Guadalupe CountyHispanic.
Hidalgo CountyHispanic.
Lea CountyHispanic.
Lincoln CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Luna CountyHispanic.
McKinley CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Mora CountyHispanic.
Otero CountyAmerican Indian (Apache).
Rio Arriba CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
San Miguel CountyHispanic.
Sandoval CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Sandoval CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Santa Fe CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
Socorro CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
Socorro CountyHispanic.
Union CountyHispanic.
Valencia CountyHispanic.
New York:
Bronx CountyHispanic.
Kings CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Kings CountyHispanic.
Nassau CountyHispanic.
New York CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
New York CountyHispanic.
Queens CountyAsian Indian.
Queens CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Queens CountyHispanic.
Queens CountyKorean.
Suffolk CountyHispanic.
Westchester CountyHispanic.
Texas CountyHispanic.
Berks CountyHispanic.
Lehigh CountyHispanic.
Philadelphia CountyHispanic.
Rhode Island:
Central Falls cityHispanic.
Pawtucket cityHispanic.
Providence cityHispanic.
State CoverageHispanic.
Andrews CountyHispanic.
Atascosa CountyHispanic.
Bailey CountyHispanic.
Bee CountyHispanic.
Bexar CountyHispanic.
Brooks CountyHispanic.
Caldwell CountyHispanic.
Calhoun CountyHispanic.
Cameron CountyHispanic.
Castro CountyHispanic.
Cochran CountyHispanic.
Crane CountyHispanic.
Crockett CountyHispanic.
Crosby CountyHispanic.
Culberson CountyHispanic.
Dallam CountyHispanic.
Dallas CountyHispanic.
Dawson CountyHispanic.
Deaf Smith CountyHispanic.
Dimmit CountyHispanic.
Duval CountyHispanic.
Ector CountyHispanic.
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Edwards CountyHispanic.
El Paso CountyAmerican Indian (Pueblo).
El Paso CountyHispanic.
Floyd CountyHispanic.
Fort Bend CountyHispanic.
Frio CountyHispanic.
Gaines CountyHispanic.
Garza CountyHispanic.
Glasscock CountyHispanic.
Hale CountyHispanic.
Hansford CountyHispanic.
Harris CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
Harris CountyHispanic.
Harris CountyVietnamese.
Hidalgo CountyHispanic.
Hockley CountyHispanic.
Hudspeth CountyHispanic.
Jeff Davis CountyHispanic.
Jim Hogg CountyHispanic.
Jim Wells CountyHispanic.
Jones CountyHispanic.
Karnes CountyHispanic.
Kenedy CountyHispanic.
Kinney CountyHispanic.
Kleberg CountyHispanic.
Knox CountyHispanic.
La Salle CountyHispanic.
Lamb CountyHispanic.
Live Oak CountyHispanic.
Lynn CountyHispanic.
Martin CountyHispanic.
Matagorda CountyHispanic.
Maverick CountyAmerican Indian (All other American Indian Tribes).
Maverick CountyHispanic.
McMullen CountyHispanic.
Medina CountyHispanic.
Menard CountyHispanic.
Midland CountyHispanic.
Moore CountyHispanic.
Nolan CountyHispanic.
Nueces CountyHispanic.
Ochiltree CountyHispanic.
Parmer CountyHispanic.
Pecos CountyHispanic.
Presidio CountyHispanic.
Reagan CountyHispanic.
Reeves CountyHispanic.
Refugio CountyHispanic.
San Patricio CountyHispanic.
Schleicher CountyHispanic.
Scurry CountyHispanic.
Sherman CountyHispanic.
Starr CountyHispanic.
Sterling CountyHispanic.
Sutton CountyHispanic.
Swisher CountyHispanic.
Tarrant CountyHispanic.
Tarrant CountyVietnamese.
Terry CountyHispanic.
Titus CountyHispanic.
Travis CountyHispanic.
Upton CountyHispanic.
Uvalde CountyHispanic.
Val Verde CountyHispanic.
Ward CountyHispanic.
Webb CountyHispanic.
Willacy CountyHispanic.
Winkler CountyHispanic.
Yoakum CountyHispanic.
Zapata CountyHispanic.
Zavala CountyHispanic.
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San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Navajo).
San Juan CountyAmerican Indian (Ute).
Fairfax CountyHispanic.
Fairfax CountyVietnamese.
Adams CountyHispanic.
Franklin CountyHispanic.
King CountyChinese (including Taiwanese).
King CountyVietnamese.
Yakima CountyHispanic.
Arcadia cityHispanic.
Madison townHispanic.
Milwaukee cityHispanic.
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[FR Doc. 2016-28969 Filed 12-2-16; 8:5 am]