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Safety Standard for Magnet Sets; Removal of Final Rule Vacated by Court

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Consumer Product Safety Commission.


Final rule.


This final rule removes from the Code of Federal Regulations the final rule published on October 3, 2014, titled, “Safety Standard for Magnet Sets.” This action responds to a decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit that vacated the rule.


The action is effective on March 7, 2017. However, the court order had legal effect immediately upon its filing on November 22, 2016.

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Todd A. Stevenson, Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Office of the Secretary, 4330 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814-4408, Room 820; telephone: 301-504-7923; email:

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On October 3, 2014, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or Commission) published a final rule titled, “Safety Standard for Magnet Sets” (magnet set rule) under the authority of the Consumer Product Safety Act. 79 FR 59962. The rule established requirements for magnet sets and individual magnets that are intended or marketed to be used with or as magnet sets. As defined in the rule, “magnet sets” are aggregations of separable magnetic objects that are marketed or commonly used as a manipulative or construction item for entertainment, such as puzzle working, sculpture building, mental stimulation, or stress relief. Under the rule, if a magnet set contains a magnet that fits within the CPSC's small parts cylinder, each magnet in the magnet set must have a flux index of 50 kG2 mm2 or less; an individual magnet that is marketed or intended for use as part of a magnet set also must meet these requirements. The rule provided that the flux index is Start Printed Page 12717determined by the method described in ASTM F963-11, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety.

On December 2, 2014, Zen Magnets, LLC (Zen) filed a petition in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit challenging the magnet set rule. The Tenth Circuit concluded that the Commission's rule provided incomplete and inadequately explained findings. The court vacated and remanded the rule to the Commission. Zen Magnets, LLC v. Consumer Product Safety Comm'n, No.14-9610 (10th Cir. Nov. 22, 2016). Consistent with that decision, this rule removes the magnet set rule at 16 CFR part 1240 and reserves that part.

This rule is not subject to the requirement to provide notice and an opportunity for public comment because it falls under the good cause exception at 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). The good cause exception is satisfied when notice and comment is “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.” Id. This rule is an administrative step that implements the court's order vacating the magnet set rule. Additionally, because this rule implements a court order already in effect, the Commission has good cause to waive the 30-day effective date under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3).

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List of Subjects in 16 CFR Part 1240

  • Consumer protection
  • Imports
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Infants and children
  • Law enforcement
  • Safety
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For the reasons stated above, under the authority of 15 U.S.C. 2056 and 2058, the Commission amends 16 CFR chapter II by removing and reserving part 1240.

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Dated: March 2, 2017.

Todd A. Stevenson,

Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

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[FR Doc. 2017-04381 Filed 3-6-17; 8:45 am]