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Release of VA Records Relating to HIV

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Department of Veterans Affairs.


Final rule.


The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations governing the release of VA medical records. Specifically, VA is eliminating the restriction on sharing a negative test result for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with veterans' outside providers. HIV testing is a common practice today in healthcare and the stigma of testing that may have been seen in the 1980s when HIV was first discovered is no longer prevalent. Continuing to protect negative HIV tests causes delays and an unnecessary burden on veterans when VA tries to share electronic medical information with the veterans' outside providers through electronic health information exchanges. For this same reason, VA will also eliminate restrictions on negative test results of sickle cell anemia. This final rule eliminates the current barriers to electronic medical information exchange.


This final rule is effective April 24, 2017.

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Stephania H. Griffin, Director, Information Access and Privacy Office (10P2C), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20420; (704) 245-2492. (This is not a toll-free number.)

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In a document published in the Federal Register on August 5, 2016, VA proposed to revise its regulations that govern the release of VA medical records, specifically eliminating the restriction on protecting a negative test result for HIV and sickle cell anemia. 81 FR 51836. VA provided a 60-day comment period, which ended on October 4, 2016. We received 5 comments on the proposed rule.

Section 7332 of 38 United States Code (U.S.C.) states that records of the identity, diagnosis, prognosis, or treatment of any patient or subject which are maintained in connection with the performance of any program or activity (including education, training, treatment, rehabilitation, or research) of any patient or subject relating to drug abuse, alcoholism or alcohol abuse, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or sickle cell anemia shall only be disclosed under certain circumstances. The intent of section 7332 is to protect the medical records of those veterans who are undergoing treatment or have a positive diagnosis for the conditions stated in this section. Due to the stigma that was associated with HIV and HIV testing at the time the regulation was first published, VA determined that the results of HIV testing should be protected regardless of the outcome of the test. Currently, HIV testing is considered part of routine health care under VA policy, similar to other types of diagnostic laboratory testing, and while oral informed consent is still required, no pre-testing counseling is required.

The continued protection of negative HIV tests has posed significant obstacles to the sharing of medical information between VA and non-VA medical providers, and also places an undue burden on veterans. If VA conducts an HIV test on a veteran, VA is prevented from electronically disclosing the veteran's medical information to the veteran's non-VA medical provider, even if the test result is negative, unless VA first obtains a specific written authorization that meets title 38 regulatory requirements from the veteran to share the medical information. Medical information sharing is crucial to treating a veteran who has outside medical providers and is significant in making certain that a veteran is not prescribed a medication that may negatively interact with other medications. Under section 7332, information about sickle cell anemia is also considered protected medical information. As with negative HIV test results, the prohibition on sharing negative test results for sickle cell anemia has posed challenges for the timely provision of medical care. This rulemaking eliminates the current restrictions on sharing with community providers negative test results of veterans for HIV and sickle cell anemia and is in line with the intent of the statute. As for positive HIV or sickle cell anemia test results, VA will continue to require a qualifying written authorization from the veteran prior to disclosure of such information.

We received five comments in support of the proposed rule. All commenters agreed that the electronic exchange of negative HIV and sickle cell anemia test results between medical providers is a critical to adequately address patient care. A commenter stated “By removing the restriction on disclosure of negative test result for HIV, this proposed rule will play a significant role in ensuring that all veterans, including LGBT veterans, have access to efficient care, while also helping combat the stigma associated with HIV testing.” We thank the commenters for their support of the rule.

Based on the rationale set forth in the Supplementary Information to the proposed rule and in this final rule, VA is adopting the proposed rule with no edits.

Effect of Rulemaking

Title 38 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as revised by this final rulemaking, represents VA's implementation of its legal authority on this subject. Other than future amendments to this regulation or governing statutes, no contrary guidance or procedures are authorized. All existing or subsequent VA guidance must be read to conform with this rulemaking if possible or, if not possible, such guidance is superseded by this rulemaking.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This final rule contains no provisions constituting a collection of information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521).

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Secretary hereby certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities as they are defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601-612. This final rule will impose no burden on small entities. Therefore, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 605(b), this rulemaking would be exempt from the initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis requirements of 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604.

Executive Order 12866 and 13563

Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, when regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity). Executive Order 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review) emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility. Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review) defines a “significant regulatory action,” requiring review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), unless OMB waives such review, as “any regulatory action that is likely to result in a rule that may: (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or communities; (2) Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an action taken or planned by another agency; (3) Materially alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; or (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles set forth in this Executive Order.”

The economic, interagency, budgetary, legal, and policy implications of this regulatory action have been examined, and it has been determined not to be a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866. VA's impact analysis can be found as a supporting document at, usually within 48 hours after the rulemaking document is published. Additionally, a copy of the rulemaking and its impact analysis are available on VA's Web site at​orpm/​, by following the link for “VA Regulations Published From FY 2004 Through Fiscal Year to Date.”Start Printed Page 14822

Unfunded Mandates

The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires, at 2 U.S.C. 1532, that agencies prepare an assessment of anticipated costs and benefits before issuing any rule that may result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more (adjusted annually for inflation) in any one year. This final rule will have no such effect on State, local, and tribal governments, or on the private sector.

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance numbers and titles for the programs affected by this document are 64.007, Blind Rehabilitation Centers; 64.008, Veterans Domiciliary Care; 64.009, Veterans Medical Care Benefits; 64.010, Veterans Nursing Home Care; 64.011, Veterans Dental Care; 64.012, Veterans Prescription Service; 64.014, Veterans State Domiciliary Care; 64.015, Veterans State Nursing Home Care; 64.018, Sharing Specialized Medical Resources; 64.019, Veterans Rehabilitation Alcohol and Drug Dependence; 64.022, Veterans Home Based Primary Care; and 64.024, VA Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program.

Signing Authority

The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, or designee, approved this document and authorized the undersigned to sign and submit the document to the Office of the Federal Register for publication electronically as an official document of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Gina S. Farrisee, Deputy Chief of Staff, Department of Veterans Affairs, approved this document on March 16, 2017, for publication.

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List of Subjects in 38 CFR Part 1

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Archives and records
  • Cemeteries
  • Claims
  • Courts
  • Crime
  • Flags
  • Freedom of information
  • Government contracts
  • Government employees
  • Government property
  • Infants and children
  • Inventions and patents
  • Parking
  • Penalties
  • Privacy
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Seals and insignia
  • Security measures
  • Wages
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For the reasons set out in the preamble, Department of Veterans Affairs is amending 38 CFR part 1 as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 38 U.S.C. 501(a), and as noted in specific sections.

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2. Amend § 1.460 by revising the last sentence of the definition of “Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)” and the definitions of “Patient” and “Treatment” to read as follows:

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Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). * * * The term does not include negative results from the testing of an individual for the presence of the virus or antibodies to the virus, or such testing of an individual where the results are negative.

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Patient. The term “patient” means any individual or subject who has been given a diagnosis or treatment for drug abuse, alcoholism or alcohol abuse, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or sickle cell anemia and includes any individual who, after arrest on a criminal charge, is interviewed and/or tested in connection with drug abuse, alcoholism or alcohol abuse, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or sickle cell anemia in order to determine that individual's eligibility to participate in a treatment or rehabilitation program if the result of such testing is positive. The term “patient” includes an individual who has been diagnosed or treated for alcoholism, drug abuse, HIV infection, or sickle cell anemia for purposes of participation in a VA program or activity relating to those four conditions, including a program or activity consisting of treatment, rehabilitation, education, training, evaluation, or research. For the purpose of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus or sickle cell anemia, the term “patient” includes one tested positive for the disease even if no treatment is provided, offered, or requested. The term does not include a patient who has tested negative for the disease.

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Treatment. The term “treatment” means the management and care of a patient for drug abuse, alcoholism or alcohol abuse, or the diagnosis, management and care of a patient for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or sickle cell anemia, or a condition which is identified as having been caused by one or more of these conditions, in order to reduce or eliminate the adverse effects upon the patient. The term does not include negative test results for the human immunodeficiency virus, antibodies to the virus, or sickle cell anemia, or such testing of an individual where the results are negative.

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3. Revising § 1.461(a)(1)(i) to read as follows.

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(a) * * *

(1) * * *

(i) Would identify a patient as an alcohol or drug abuser, an individual who tested positive for or is infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hereafter referred to as HIV, or an individual who tested positive for or has sickle cell anemia, either directly, by reference to other publicly available information, or through verification of such an identification by another person; and

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Dated: March 16, 2017.

Jeffrey Martin,

Office Program Manager, Office of Regulation Policy & Management, Office of the Secretary, Department of Veterans Affairs.

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[FR Doc. 2017-05799 Filed 3-22-17; 8:45 am]