Skip to Content

Rule

Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act for a Violation of a Federal Railroad Safety Law, Federal Railroad Administration Safety Regulation or Order, or the Hazardous Material Transportation Laws or Regulations, Orders, Special Permits, and Approvals Issued Under Those Laws

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from Regulations.gov provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

To comply with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, FRA is adjusting the minimum, maximum, and aggravated maximum penalties it will apply when assessing a civil penalty for a violation of a railroad safety statute, regulation, or order under its authority. FRA is also adjusting the minimum penalty, ordinary maximum penalty, and aggravated maximum penalty that it will apply when assessing a civil monetary penalty for a knowing violation of the Federal hazardous material transportation laws or a regulation, special permit, order, or approval issued under those laws. The aggravated maximum penalty under the hazardous material transportation laws is available only for a violation that results in death, serious illness, or severe injury to any person or substantial destruction of property.

DATES:

This final rule is effective April 3, 2017.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Veronica Chittim, Trial Attorney, Office of Chief Counsel, FRA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Mail Stop 10, Washington, DC 20590 (telephone 202-493-0273), veronica.chittim@dot.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On November 2, 2015, President Barack Obama signed the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (the 2015 Inflation Act). Public Law 114-74, sec. 701. This amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Inflation Act) that required each agency to (1) adjust by regulation each maximum civil monetary penalty (CMP), or range of minimum and maximum CMPs, within that agency's jurisdiction by October 23, 1996, and (2) adjust those penalty amounts once every four years thereafter, to reflect inflation. See Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, 28 U.S.C. 2461, note, as amended by sec. 31001(s)(1) of the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, Public Law 104-134, April 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321-373. Under the 2015 Inflation Act, agencies must make annual inflation adjustments, starting January 15, 2017, based on Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance.

In the 2015 Inflation Act, Congress recognized the important role CMPs play in deterring violations of Federal laws, regulations, and orders and determined that inflation has diminished the impact of these penalties. In the Inflation Act, Congress countered the effect that inflation has had on the CMPs by having the agencies charged with enforcement responsibility administratively adjust the CMPs.

FRA is authorized as the delegate of the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) to enforce the Federal railroad safety statutes, regulations, and orders, including the civil penalty provisions codified primarily at 49 U.S.C. ch. 213. See 49 U.S.C. 103 and 49 CFR 1.89; 49 U.S.C. chs. 201-213. FRA currently has safety regulations in 34 parts of the CFR that contain Start Printed Page 16128provisions establishing the agency's authority to impose civil penalties if a person violates any requirement in the pertinent portion of a statute or the CFR. In this final rule, FRA is amending each of the separate regulatory provisions and the corresponding footnotes in each Schedule of Civil Penalties appended to those regulations to raise the minimum CMP to $853, ordinary maximum CMP to $27,904, and aggravated maximum CMP to $111,616. Where applicable, FRA is also amending the corresponding appendices to those regulatory provisions which outline FRA enforcement policy. See 49 CFR part 209, app. A; 49 CFR part 228, app. A.

FRA is also publishing this final rule under 49 U.S.C. 5123 and 5124, which authorize civil and criminal penalties for violations of the Federal hazardous material transportation laws or a regulation, order, special permit, or approval issued under those laws. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) issues the hazardous material transportation regulations. 49 CFR 1.96(b)(1). However, FRA is authorized, as the Secretary's delegate, to enforce the hazardous material statutes, regulations and orders, including the civil penalty provisions codified primarily at 49 U.S.C. 5123. 49 CFR 1.89(j). In this final rule, FRA amends all references to the minimum and maximum civil penalties in 49 CFR part 209, app. B, to raise the minimum CMP for hazardous materials training violations [1] from $463 to $471; the ordinary maximum CMP per violation from $77,114 to $78,376; and the aggravated maximum CMP from $179,933 to $182,877.

Description of the Adjustment Calculation

The 2015 Inflation Act requires FRA to calculate the inflation adjustment by increasing the maximum CMP, or the range of minimum and maximum CMPs, based on the Consumer Price Index for the month of October 2016, not seasonally adjusted. OMB guidance, M-17-11, “Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015,” dated Dec. 16, 2016, states that after applying the multiplier of 1.01636, FRA must round the penalty levels to the nearest dollar.[2]

As the following calculations show, after calculating the inflation adjustment, FRA determined the minimum CMP for rail safety violations should increase to $853; the ordinary maximum CMP should increase to $27,904; and the aggravated maximum CMP should increase to $111,616. FRA also determined the minimum CMP for hazardous materials training violations should increase to $471; the ordinary maximum CMP per hazardous material violation should increase to $78,376; and the aggravated maximum CMP per hazardous material violation should increase to $182,877.

Calculations To Determine CMP Updates for 2017

1. Minimum Rail Safety CMP of $839 Raised to $853

FRA evaluated the minimum rail safety CMP as the 2015 Inflation Act requires. Based on the following calculations, FRA concluded it should increase from $839 to $853. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $839 equals $852.73, or $853 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted minimum penalty is $853, and applies to all the rail safety statutes, regulations, and orders. This new FRA minimum penalty will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

2. Ordinary Maximum Rail Safety CMP of $27,455 Raised to $27,904

FRA evaluated the ordinary maximum rail safety CMP as the 2015 Inflation Act requires. Based on the following calculations, FRA determined it should increase from $27,455 to $27,904. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $27,455 equals $27,904.16, or $27,904 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted ordinary maximum penalty is $27,904, and applies to all the rail safety statutes, regulations, and orders. This new FRA ordinary maximum penalty will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

3. Aggravated Maximum Rail Safety CMP of $109,819 Raised to $111,616

FRA also evaluated the maximum CMP for an aggravated rail safety violation and determined it should increase from $109,819 to $111,616, as the following calculations show. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $109,819 equals $111,615.64, or $111,616 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted aggravated maximum penalty is $111,616, and applies to all the rail safety statutes, regulations, and orders. This new FRA aggravated maximum penalty will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

4. Minimum CMP of $463 for Hazardous Materials Training Violations Raised to $471

FRA evaluated the minimum CMP for hazardous materials training violations and determined it should increase from $463 to $471 as the following calculations show. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $463 equals $470.57, or $471 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted minimum penalty for hazardous materials training violations is $471, and applies to all violations of the hazardous materials statutes, regulations, special permits, approvals, and orders related to training. This new FRA minimum penalty for training violations will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

5. Ordinary Maximum Hazardous Materials CMP of $77,114 Raised to $78,376

FRA evaluated the ordinary maximum hazardous materials CMP as the 2015 Inflation Act requires. Based on the following calculations, FRA determined it should increase from $77,114 to $78,376. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $77,114 equals $78,375.59, or $78,376 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted ordinary maximum penalty is $78,376, and applies to all violations of the hazardous materials transportation statutes, regulations, special permits, approvals, and orders. This new FRA ordinary maximum penalty will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

6. Aggravated Maximum Hazardous Materials CMP of $179,933 Raised to $182,877

FRA also evaluated the maximum hazardous materials CMP for an aggravated violation and determined, based on the following calculations, it should increase from $179,933 to $182,877. The 2016 multiplier of 1.01636 times $179,933 equals $182,876.70, or $182,877 rounded to the nearest dollar. The inflation adjusted aggravated maximum penalty is $182,877, and applies to all violations of the hazardous materials transportation statutes, regulations, special permits, approvals, and orders. This new FRA aggravated maximum penalty will apply to penalties assessed on or after January 15, 2017.

Public Participation

FRA is proceeding to a final rule without a notice of proposed rulemaking or an opportunity for public Start Printed Page 16129comment. The adjustments the 2015 Inflation Act requires are ministerial acts over which FRA has no discretion, making public comment unnecessary. As such, notice and comment procedures are “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest” under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). FRA is issuing these amendments as a final rule applicable to all future rail safety and hazardous materials transportation civil penalty cases under its authority to cite for violations that occur on or after the effective date of this final rule.

Regulatory Impact

A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

FRA evaluated this final rule consistent with Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review), Executive Order 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review), and DOT policies and procedures. In this final rule, FRA solely implements the annual inflation adjustment following the guidance in OMB memorandum M-17-11. As such, OMB has determined that agency regulations like this final rule are not considered a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Further, this rule is not significant under the Regulatory Policies and Procedures of the Department of Transportation (44 FR 11034, Feb. 26, 1979) because it is limited to ministerial acts over which the agency has no discretion, and the economic impact of the final rule is minimal to the extent that preparation of a regulatory evaluation is not warranted.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act and Executive Order 13272

The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (RFA), Public Law 96-354, as amended, and codified as amended at 5 U.S.C. 601-612, and Executive Order 13272 (Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency Rulemaking), require agency review of proposed and final rules to assess their impact on “small entities” for purposes of the RFA. An agency must prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis unless it determines and certifies that a rule is not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. FRA does not expect this final rule will have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Although this final rule will apply to railroads, hazardous materials shippers, and others that are considered small entities, there is no economic impact on any person who complies with the Federal railroad safety laws and the regulations and orders issued under those laws, and the Federal hazardous materials laws and the regulations, special permits, approvals, and orders issued under those laws.

In addition, FRA has determined the RFA does not apply to this rulemaking. The 2015 Inflation Act requires FRA to make annual adjustments and does not require FRA to publish an NPRM or provide for notice and comment under the APA. The Small Business Administration's A Guide for Government Agencies: How to Comply with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (2003), provides that:

If, under the APA or any rule of general applicability governing federal grants to state and local governments, the agency is required to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), the RFA must be considered [citing 5 U.S.C. 604(a)] . . . . If an NPRM is not required, the RFA does not apply.

Therefore, because the 2015 Inflation Act does not require an NPRM for this rulemaking, the RFA does not apply.

C. Federalism

This final rule will not have a substantial effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Thus, consistent with Executive Order 13132 (Federalism), FRA is not required to prepare a Federalism assessment.

D. Paperwork Reduction Act

There are no new information collection requirements in this final rule to submit for OMB review under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

This final rule will not result in the expenditure, in the aggregate, of $156,000,000 or more in any one year by State, local, or Indian Tribal governments, or the private sector. Thus, consistent with Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4, 2 U.S.C. 1532), FRA is not required to prepare a written statement detailing the effect of such an expenditure.

F. Environmental Impact

FRA has evaluated this final rule under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), other environmental statutes, related regulatory requirements, and its “Procedures for Considering Environmental Impacts” (FRA's NEPA Procedures) (64 FR 28545, May 26, 1999). FRA has determined that this final rule is categorically excluded from detailed environmental review pursuant to section 4(c)(20) of FRA's NEPA Procedures, “Promulgation of railroad safety rules and policy statements that do not result in significantly increased emissions of air or water pollutants or noise or increased traffic congestion in any mode of transportation.” See 64 FR 28547, May 26, 1999. Categorical exclusions (CEs) are actions identified in an agency's NEPA implementing procedures that do not normally have a significant impact on the environment and therefore do not require either an environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS). See 40 CFR 1508.4.

In analyzing the applicability of a CE, the agency must also consider whether extraordinary circumstances warrant a more detailed environmental review through the preparation of an EA or EIS. See id. The purpose of this rulemaking is to comply with the Inflation Act, as amended by the 2015 Inflation Act. Specifically, FRA is adjusting the minimum, maximum, and aggravated maximum penalty that it will apply when assessing a civil penalty for a violation of a railroad safety statute, regulation, or order under its authority. FRA is also adjusting the minimum, maximum, and aggravated maximum penalty that it will apply when assessing a civil penalty for a violation of a Federal hazardous materials law, regulation, special permit, approval, or order. Under section 4(c) and (e) of FRA's NEPA Procedures, FRA has concluded no extraordinary circumstances exist with respect to this regulation that might trigger the need for a more detailed environmental review.

FRA does not anticipate any environmental impacts from this requirement and finds there are no extraordinary circumstances present in connection with this final rule.

G. Executive Order 12898 (Environmental Justice)

Executive Order 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations, and DOT Order 5610.2(a) (91 FR 27534, May 10, 2012) require DOT agencies to achieve environmental justice as part of their mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects, including interrelated social and economic effects, Start Printed Page 16130of their programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations. The DOT Order instructs DOT agencies to address compliance with Executive Order 12898 and requirements within the DOT Order in rulemaking activities, as appropriate. FRA has evaluated this final rule under Executive Order 12898 and the DOT Order and has determined that it would not cause disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects on minority populations or low-income populations.

H. Executive Order 13175 (Tribal Consultation)

FRA has evaluated this final rule under the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments, dated November 6, 2000. The final rule would not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, would not impose substantial direct compliance costs on Indian tribal governments, and would not preempt tribal laws. Therefore, the funding and consultation requirements of Executive Order 13175 do not apply, and FRA is not required to prepare a tribal summary impact statement.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

49 CFR Part 209

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Hazardous materials transportation
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 213

  • Bridges
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 214

  • Bridges
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 215

  • Freight
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 216

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 217

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 218

  • Occupational safety and health
  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 219

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Drug abuse
  • Drug testing
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Safety
  • Transportation

49 CFR Part 220

  • Penalties
  • Radio
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 221

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 222

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 223

  • Glazing standards
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 224

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 225

  • Investigations
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 227

  • Noise control
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 228

  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 229

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 230

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 231

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety

49 CFR Part 232

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 233

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 234

  • Highway safety
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • State and local governments

49 CFR Part 235

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Railroad signals
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 236

  • Penalties
  • Positive train control
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 237

  • Bridges
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 238

  • Fire prevention
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 239

  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 240

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 241

  • Communications
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 242

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 243

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 244

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
  • Railroad safety
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements

49 CFR Part 270

  • Penalties; Railroad safety; Reporting and recordkeeping requirements; and System safety

49 CFR Part 272

  • Penalties
  • Railroad employees
  • Railroad safety
  • Railroads
  • Safety
  • Transportation
End List of Subjects

The Final Rule

In consideration of the foregoing, parts 209, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, Start Printed Page 16131219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 270, and 272 of subtitle B, chapter II of title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations are amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 209—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 209 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5123, 5124, 20103, 20107, 20111, 20112, 20114; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Revise § 209.103(a) and (c) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Minimum and maximum penalties.

(a) A person who knowingly violates a requirement of the Federal hazardous materials transportation laws, an order issued thereunder, subchapter A or C of chapter I, subtitle B, of this title, or a special permit or approval issued under subchapter A or C of chapter I, subtitle B, of this title is liable for a civil penalty of not more than $78,376 for each violation, except that—

(1) The maximum civil penalty for a violation is $182,877 if the violation results in death, serious illness, or severe injury to any person, or substantial destruction of property and

(2) A minimum $471 civil penalty applies to a violation related to training.

* * * * *

(c) The maximum and minimum civil penalties described in paragraph (a) of this section apply to violations occurring on or after April 3, 2017.

Start Amendment Part

3. Revise the last sentence of § 209.105(c) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Notice of probable violation.

(c) * * * In an amended notice, FRA may change the civil penalty amount proposed to be assessed up to and including the maximum penalty amount of $78,376 for each violation, except that if the violation results in death, serious illness or severe injury to any person, or substantial destruction of property, FRA may change the penalty amount proposed to be assessed up to and including the maximum penalty amount of $182,877.

[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

4. Amend § 209.409 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

5. In appendix A to part 209, amend the section “Penalty Schedules; Assessment of Maximum Penalties” by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Adding a sentence to the end of the sixth paragraph;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Revising the third sentence of the seventh paragraph; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Revising the first sentence of the tenth paragraph.

End Amendment Part

The revisions and additions read as follows:

Appendix A to Part 209—Statement of Agency Policy Concerning Enforcement of the Federal Railroad Safety Laws

* * * * *

Penalty Schedules; Assessment of Maximum Penalties

* * * * *

* * * Under the 2015 Inflation Act, effective April 3, 2017, the minimum civil monetary penalty was raised from $839 to $853, the ordinary maximum civil monetary penalty was raised from $27,455 to $27,904, and the aggravated maximum civil monetary penalty was raised from $109,819 to $111,616.

* * * For each regulation or order, the schedule shows two amounts within the $853 to $27,904 range in separate columns, the first for ordinary violations, the second for willful violations (whether committed by railroads or individuals). * * *

* * * * *

Accordingly, under each of the schedules (ordinarily in a footnote), and regardless of the fact that a lesser amount might be shown in both columns of the schedule, FRA reserves the right to assess the statutory maximum penalty of up to $111,616 per violation where a pattern of repeated violations or a grossly negligent violation has created an imminent hazard of death or injury or has caused death or injury. * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

6. Amend appendix B to part 209 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. In the introductory text, revise the second sentence of the first paragraph, the last sentence of the second paragraph, and the fifth sentence of the third paragraph; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. In the table “CIVIL PENALTY ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES”:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

i. Revise footnote 1;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

ii. Under the heading “PART 173—SHIPPERS—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGES,” revise the entry for “173.24(b)(1) and 173.24(b)(2) and 173.24(f)(1) and 173.24(f)(1)(ii)” and the introductory text for entry “173.24(c)”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

iii. Revise footnote 2.

End Amendment Part

The revisions read as follows:

Appendix B to Part 209—Federal Railroad Administration Guidelines for Initial Hazardous Materials Assessments

* * * The guideline penalty amounts reflect the best judgment of the FRA Office of Railroad Safety (RRS) and of the Safety Law Division of the Office of Chief Counsel (RCC) on the relative severity of the various violations routinely encountered by FRA inspectors on a scale of amounts up to the maximum $78,376 penalty, except the maximum civil penalty is $182,877 if the violation results in death, serious illness or severe injury to any person, or substantial destruction of property, and a minimum $471 penalty applies to a violation related to training. * * *

* * * When a violation of the Federal hazardous material transportation law, an order issued thereunder, the Hazardous Materials Regulations or a special permit, approval, or order issued under those regulations results in death, serious illness or severe injury to any person, or substantial destruction of property, a maximum penalty of at least $78,376 and up to and including $182,877 shall always be assessed initially.

* * * In fact, FRA reserves the express authority to amend the NOPV to seek a penalty of up to $78,376 for each violation, and up to $182,877 for any violation resulting in death, serious illness or severe injury to any person, or substantial destruction of property, at any time prior to issuance of an order. * * *

CIVIL PENALTY ASSESSMENT GUIDELINES

* * * * *

1 Any person who violates an emergency order issued under the authority of 49 U.S.C. Ch. 201 is subject to a civil penalty of at least $853 and not more than $27,904 per violation, except that where a grossly negligent violation or a pattern of repeated violations has created an imminent hazard of death or injury to persons, or has caused a death or injury, a penalty not to exceed $111,616 per violation may be assessed. Each day that the violation continues is a separate offense. 49 U.S.C. 21301; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note.

Start Printed Page 16132
49 CFR sectionDescriptionGuideline amount 2
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PART 173—SHIPPERS—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGES
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
173.24(b)(1) and 173.24(b)(2) andSecuring closures: These subsections are the general “no leak” standard for all packagings. Sec. 173.24(b) deals primarily with packaging as a whole, while § 173.24(f) focuses on closures. Use § 173.31(d) for tank cars, when possible.
173.24(f)(1) and 173.24(f)(1)(ii)Cite the sections accordingly, using both the leak/non-leak criteria and the package size considerations to reach the appropriate penalty. Any actual leak will aggravate the guideline by, typically, 50%; a leak with contact with a human being will aggravate by at least 100%, up to the maximum of $78,376, and up to $182,877 if the violation results in death, serious illness or injury or substantial destruction of property. For intermodal (IM) portable tanks and other tanks of that size range, use the tank car penalty amounts, as stated in § 173.31.
—Small bottle or box1,000
—55-gallon drum2,500
—Larger container, e.g., IBC; not portable tank or tank car5,000
—IM portable tank, cite § 173.24(f) and use the penalty amounts for tank cars: Residue, generally, § 173.29(a) and, loaded, § 173.31(d).
—Residue adhering to outside of package (i.e., portable tanks, tank cars, etc.)5,000
173.24(c)Use of package not meeting specifications, including required stencils and markings. The most specific section for the package involved should be cited (see below). The penalty guideline should be adjusted for the size of the container. Any actual leak will aggravate the guideline by, typically, 50%; a leak with contact with a human being will aggravate by at least 100%, up to the maximum of $78,376, and up to $182,877 if the violation results in death, serious illness or injury or substantial destruction of property.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
2 A person who knowingly violates the hazardous material transportation law or a regulation, order, special permit, or approval issued thereunder, is subject to a civil penalty of up to $78,376 for each violation, except that the maximum civil penalty for a violation is $182,877 if the violation results in death, serious illness, or severe injury to any person or substantial destruction of property; and a minimum $471 civil penalty applies to a violation related to training. Each day that the violation continues is a separate offense. 49 U.S.C. 5123; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note.
Start Part

PART 213—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

7. The authority citation for part 213 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20114 and 20142; Sec. 403, Div. A, Public Law 110-432, 122 Stat. 4885; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

8. In § 213.15, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 214—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

9. The authority citation for part 214 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 21301, 31304, 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

10. Amend § 214.5 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 215—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

11. The authority citation for part 215 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

12. Amend § 215.7 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part

Appendix B to Part 215—[Amended]

Start Amendment Part

13. In appendix B to part 215, footnote 1, remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 216—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

14. The authority citation for part 216 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20104, 20107, 20111, 20133, 20701-20702, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

15. Amend § 216.7 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part Start Printed Page 16133

PART 217—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

16. The authority citation for part 217 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

17. Amend § 217.5 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 218—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

18. The authority citation for part 218 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

19. Amend § 218.9 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 219—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

20. The authority citation for part 219 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20107, 20140, 21301, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

21. In § 219.9, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 220—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

22. The authority citation for part 220 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20103, note, 20107, 21301-21302, 20701-20703, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

23. Amend § 220.7 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 221—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

24. The authority citation for part 221 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

25. Amend § 221.7 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 222—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

26. The authority citation for part 222 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20153, 21301, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

27. Amend § 222.11 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 223—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

28. The authority citation for part 223 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20133, 20701-20702, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

29. Amend § 223.7 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 224—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

30. The authority citation for part 224 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20148 and 21301; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

31. In § 224.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 225—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

32. The authority citation for part 225 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 103, 322(a), 20103, 20107, 20901-20902, 21301, 21302, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

33. Amend § 225.29 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 227—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

34. The authority citation for part 227 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20103, note, 20701-20702; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

35. In § 227.9, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 228—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

36. The authority citation for part 228 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 103, 20103, 20107, 21101-21109; Sec. 108, Div. A, Public Law 110-432, 122 Stat. 4860-4866, 4893-4894; 49 U.S.C. 21301, 21303, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
Start Printed Page 16134
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

37. In § 228.6, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

38. In appendix A to part 228, below the heading “GENERAL PROVISIONS,” amend the “Penalty” paragraph by adding a sentence at the end of the paragraph to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

Appendix A to Part 228—Requirements of the Hours of Service Act: Statement of Agency Policy and Interpretation

* * * * *

GENERAL PROVISIONS

* * * * *

Penalty. * * * Under the 2015 Inflation Act, effective April 3, 2017, the minimum civil monetary penalty was raised from $839 to $853, the ordinary maximum civil monetary penalty was raised from $27,455 to $27,904, and the aggravated maximum civil monetary penalty was raised from $109,819 to $111,616.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 229—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

39. The authority citation for part 229 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 103, 322(a), 20103, 20107, 20901-02, 21301, 21301, 21302, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

40. In § 229.7, amend paragraph (b) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part

Appendix B to Part 229—[Amended]

Start Amendment Part

41. In appendix B to part 229, footnote 1, remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 230—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

42. The authority citation for part 230 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20702; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

43. In § 230.4, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 231—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

44. The authority citation for part 231 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20107, 20131, 20301-20303, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

45. In § 231.0, amend paragraph (f) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 232—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

46. The authority citation for part 232 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20107, 20133, 20141, 20301-20303, 20306, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

47. In § 232.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part

Appendix A to Part 232—[Amended]

Start Amendment Part

48. In appendix A to part 232, footnote 1, remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 233—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

49. The authority citation for part 233 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 504, 522, 20103, 20107, 20501-20505, 21301, 21302, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

50. Amend § 233.11 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 234—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

51. The authority citation for part 234 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20152, 20160, 21301, 21304, 21311, 22501 note; Pub. L. 110-432, Div. A., Sec. 202, 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

52. In § 234.6, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 235—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

53. The authority citation for part 235 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

54. Amend § 235.9 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 236—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

55. The authority citation for part 236 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20107, 20133, 20141, 20157, 20301-20303, 20306, 20501-20505, 20701-20703, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

56. In § 236.0, amend paragraph (f) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”; Start Printed Page 16135

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 237—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

57. The authority citation for part 237 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20114; Public Law 110-432, Div. A, Sec. 417; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

58. In § 237.7, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 238—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

59. The authority citation for part 238 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20133, 20141, 20302-20303, 20306, 20701-20702, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

60. In § 238.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part

Appendix A to Part 238—[Amended]

Start Amendment Part

61. In appendix A to part 238, footnote 1, remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 239—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

62. The authority citation for part 239 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20102-20103, 20105-20114, 20133, 21301, 21304, and 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

63. Amend § 239.11 as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 240—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

64. The authority citation for part 240 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20135, 21301, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

65. In § 240.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 241—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

66. The authority citation for part 241 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 21301, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

67. In § 241.15, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 242—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

68. The authority citation for part 242 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20135, 20138, 20162, 20163, 21301, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

69. In § 242.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 243—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

70. The authority citation for part 243 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20131-20155, 20162, 20301-20306, 20701-20702, 21301-21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

71. In § 243.7, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$869” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 244—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

72. The authority citation for part 244 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 21301; 5 U.S.C. 553 and 559; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

73. In § 244.5, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 270—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

74. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20106-20107, 20118-20119, 20156, 21301, 21304, 21311; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

75. In § 270.7, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

76. In appendix A to part 270, footnote 1 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

Appendix A to Part 270—Schedule of Civil Penalties

* * * * *
Start Printed Page 16136

1 A penalty may be assessed against an individual only for a willful violation. The Administrator reserves the right to assess a penalty of up to the statutory maximum for any violation where circumstances warrant. See 49 CFR part 209, appendix A.

Start Part

PART 272—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

77. The authority citation for part 272 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20109, note; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; 49 CFR 1.89; and sec. 410, Div. A, Pub. L. 110-432, 122 Stat. 4888.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

78. In § 272.11, amend paragraph (a) as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Remove the numerical amount “$839” and add in its place the numerical amount “$853”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Remove the numerical amount “$27,455” and add in its place the numerical amount “$27,904”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Remove the numerical amount “$109,819” and add in its place the numerical amount “$111,616”.

End Amendment Part Start Signature

Patrick Warren,

Acting Administrator.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  There is no minimum CMP for other hazardous materials violations not related to training. See Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, Public Law 112-141, July 6, 2012, sec. 33010; 78 FR 9845, Feb. 12, 2013.

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 2017-06220 Filed 3-31-17; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-06-P