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Daimler Trucks North America, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

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AGENCY:

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Grant of petition.

SUMMARY:

Daimler Trucks North America (DTNA), has determined that certain model year (MY) 2016-2017 Freightliner and Western Star trucks do not fully comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 101, Controls and Displays. DTNA filed a noncompliance report dated September 22, 2016, Defect and Noncompliance Responsibility and Reports. DTNA also petitioned NHTSA on September 22, 2016, for a decision that the subject noncompliance is inconsequential as it relates to motor vehicle safety.

ADDRESSES:

For further information on this decision contact Stu Seigel, Office of Vehicle Safety Compliance, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), telephone (202) 366-5287, facsimile (202) 366-3081.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Overview

Daimler Trucks North America (DTNA), has determined that certain model year (MY) 2016-2017 Freightliner and Western Star trucks do not fully comply with Table 2 of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 101, Controls and Displays. DTNA filed a noncompliance report dated September 22, 2016, pursuant to 49 CFR part 573, Defect and Noncompliance Responsibility and Reports. DTNA also petitioned NHTSA on September 22, 2016, pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 30118(d) and 30120(h), 49 CFR part 556, for an exemption from the notification and remedy requirements of 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301 on the basis that this noncompliance is inconsequential as it relates to motor vehicle safety.

Notice of receipt of the petition was published with a 30-day public comment period, on November 7, 2016, in the Federal Register (81 FR 78259). No comments were received. To view the petition and all supporting documents log onto the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Web site at: https://www.regulations.gov/​. Then follow the online search instructions to locate docket number “NHTSA-2016-0103.”

II. Vehicles Involved

Affected are approximately 36,959 MY 2016-2017 versions of the following trucks, manufactured between September 28, 2015 and July 30, 2016:

  • Freightliner Cascadia
  • Freightliner 122SD
  • Freightliner Coronado
  • Western Star 5700

III. Noncompliance

DTNA explains that the noncompliance is that the Low Brake Air Pressure telltale for air brake systems displays the word “BRAKE” and a red International Standards Organization (ISO) symbol for brake malfunction when a low air brake pressure condition exists, rather than the words “BRAKE AIR,” as specified in Table 2 of FMVSS No. 101. DTNA states that the telltale is accompanied by an audible alert and low pressure gauge reading.

IV. Rule Text

Paragraph S5 of FMVSS No. 101 provides: “Each passenger car, multipurpose passenger vehicle, truck and bus that is fitted with a control, a telltale, or an indicator listed in Table 1 or Table 2 must meet the requirements of this standard for the location, identification, color, and illumination of that control, telltale or indicator.”

Paragraph S5.2.1 of FMVSS No. 101 provides, in pertinent part: “. . . each control, telltale and indicator that is listed in column 1 and 2 of Table 1 or Table 2 must be identified by the symbol specified for it in column 2 or the word or abbreviation specified for it in column 3 of Table 1 or Table 2.”

Table 2 appears as follows:

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V. Summary of DTNA's Petition

DTNA described the subject noncompliance and stated its belief that the noncompliance is inconsequential as it relates to motor vehicle safety.

In support of its petition, DTNA submitted the following reasoning:

1. DTNA notes that the purpose of the low brake air pressure telltale is to alert the driver to a low air condition, consistent with the requirements of FMVSS No. 121, S5.1.5 (warning signal). The word “BRAKE” instead of “BRAKE AIR,” together with the audible alert that occurs in the subject vehicles would still alert the driver to an issue with the brake system. Once alerted, the driver can check the actual air pressure by reading the primary and secondary air gauges and seeing the contrasting color on the gauges indicating low pressure.

2. NHTSA stated in a 2005 FMVSS No. 101 rulemaking that the reason for including vehicles over 10,000 pounds in the requirements of FMVSS No. 101 is that there is a need for drivers of heavier vehicles to see and identify their displays, just as there is for drivers of lighter vehicles. See 70 FR 48295, 48298 (Aug. 17, 2005). The telltale in the subject vehicles saying “BRAKE” would allow the driver to see and identify the improper functioning system as was the intent of the rule, thus serving the purpose of the FMVSS No. 101 requirement.

3. There are two scenarios when a low brake air pressure condition would exist: A parked vehicle and a moving vehicle. Each of these are discussed separately below; in each scenario, there is ample warning provided to the driver of low brake air pressure.

a. Parked Vehicle

The driver of an air-braked vehicle must ensure that the vehicle has enough brake air pressure to operate safely. At startup, the vehicle will likely be in a low air condition. When in a low air condition the following warnings would occur, conditioning the driver over time as to the purpose of the telltale and audible alerts and under what conditions they are activated.

  • Red contrasting color of the telltale saying “BRAKE”
  • Red contrasting color of the ISO symbol for brake malfunction
  • Audible alert to the driver as long as the vehicle has low airStart Printed Page 17086
  • Air gauges for the primary and secondary air tanks clearly showing the air pressure in the system
  • Red contrasting color on the air gauges indicating when the pressure is low
  • Difficulty/inability of releasing the parking brakes with low air
  • Reduced drivability if the driver attempts to drive with the parking brakes applied

b. Moving Vehicle

If a low brake air pressure situation occurs while driving, the function of the service brakes may be reduced or lost and, eventually if the pressure gets low enough, the parking brakes will engage. The driver must pull to the side of the road and apply the parking brakes as soon as possible. A loss of brake air pressure while driving represents a malfunctioning brake system and requires immediate action from the driver. Drivers recognize that a telltale illuminated in red represents a malfunction which needs to be remedied.

The following warning would occur if a low air condition occurred while driving.

  • Red contrasting color of the telltale saying “BRAKE”
  • Red contrasting color of the ISO symbol for brake malfunction
  • Audible alert to the driver as long as the vehicle has low air
  • Air gauges for the primary and secondary air tanks clearly showing the air pressure in the system
  • Red contrasting color on the air gauges indicating when the pressure is low

The functionality of both the parking brake system and the service brake system remains unaffected by the “BRAKE” telltale used in the subject vehicles.

4. NHTSA Precedents—DTNA notes that NHTSA has previously granted petitions for decisions of inconsequential noncompliance for similar brake telltale issues, in which the ISO symbol in combination with other available warnings was deemed sufficient to provide the necessary driver warning. See Docket No. NHTSA-2012-0004, 78 FR 69931 (November 21, 2013) (grant of petition for Ford Motor Company) and Docket No. NHTSA-2014-0046, 79 FR 78559 (December 30, 2014 (grant of petition for Chrysler Group, LLC). In both of these instances, the vehicles at issue displayed an ISO symbol for the brake telltale instead of the wording required under FMVSS No. 101. The ISO symbol in combination with other available warnings was deemed sufficient to provide the necessary driver warning. DTNA respectfully suggests that the same is true for the subject vehicles: the ISO symbol, together with other warnings and alerts, are fully sufficient to warn the driver of a low brake air pressure situation.

DTNA concluded by expressing the belief that the subject noncompliance is inconsequential as it relates to motor vehicle safety, and that its petition to be exempted from providing notification of the noncompliance, as required by 49 U.S.C. 30118, and a remedy for the noncompliance, as required by 49 U.S.C. 30120, should be granted.

NHTSA's Decision

NHTSA's Analysis: NHTSA has reviewed DTNA's analyses that the subject noncompliance is inconsequential to motor vehicle safety. Specifically, the telltale marking for low brake air pressure says “Brake” instead of “Brake Air” as required in table 2 of FMVSS No. 101 and FMVSS No. 121. We believe that this incomplete labeling poses no risk to motor vehicle safety because multiple sources of information, as discussed below, are simultaneously activated to properly warn the driver of the condition.

1. When a low air pressure situation exists, for both a parked or moving vehicle, the “Brake” telltale will activate in red letters with a black background. There are no requirements in FMVSS No. 101 or 121 for the color of the telltale, but DTNA's use of red, which is an accepted color representing an urgent condition, provides a definitive indication of a situation that needs attention.

2. The “Brake” telltale illumination is accompanied by activation of the International Standards Organization (ISO) symbol for brake malfunction. This ISO symbol is readily understood as it has been used on U.S.-certified vehicles for many years in conjunction with the required text. The ISO symbol is also red on a black background depicting an urgent warning. Both the “Brake” telltale and ISO symbol are in clear view of the driver and when activated will alert the driver of a brake system malfunction, including a low air pressure condition.

3. Simultaneous to both “Brake” telltale and ISO symbol illumination, is activation of an audible alert, further notifying the operator that a malfunction exists requiring corrective action. Although the alert would not in and of itself identify the problem, a driver would instinctively react to the warning tone and review the information available noting telltales activated in the instrument cluster (i.e. “Brake” and ISO symbol).

4. In a low pressure situation, the operator is provided additional feedback by the primary and secondary instrument cluster air gauges which have PSI marked numerical values along with red delineated sections where the needle pointer would be positioned for a low pressure condition.

5. NHTSA agrees with DTNA that for a vehicle that is parked, if a low air condition were present, along with the operator feedback indicators described above, there would be difficulty or an inability to release the parking brake and/or reduced drivability, as sufficient air in the system is required to release the parking brake.

6. Further, NHTSA agrees with DTNA's statement that the functionality of both the parking brake system and the service brake system remains unaffected by the “Brake” telltale used in the subject vehicles.

NHTSA believes that the combination of the red contrasting color of the “Brake” telltale and the ISO symbol, simultaneous activation of “Brake” telltale, the Brake ISO symbol and audible alert for a low air pressure condition, the primary and secondary air gauge indicators, and the reduced drivability of the vehicles under a low air pressure condition, provides adequate notification to the operator that a brake malfunction exists. The manufacturer has shown that the discrepancy with the labeling requirement is unlikely to lead to any misunderstanding especially since other sources of correct information beyond the “Brake” telltale, are available.

NHTSA's Decision: In consideration of the foregoing, NHTSA finds that DTNA has met its burden of persuasion that the FMVSS No. 101 noncompliance is inconsequential as it relates to motor vehicle safety. Accordingly, DTNA's petition is hereby granted and DTNA is consequently exempted from the obligation to provide notification of, and a remedy for, the subject noncompliance under 49 U.S.C. 30118 and 30120.

NHTSA notes that the statutory provisions (49 U.S.C. 30118(d) and 30120(h)) that permit manufacturers to file petitions for a determination of inconsequentiality allow NHTSA to exempt manufacturers only from the duties found in sections 30118 and 30120, respectively, to notify owners, purchasers, and dealers of a defect or noncompliance and to remedy the defect or noncompliance. Therefore, this decision only applies to the subject vehicles that DTNA no longer controlled at the time it determined that the noncompliance existed. However, the Start Printed Page 17087granting of this petition does not relieve vehicle distributors and dealers of the prohibitions on the sale, offer for sale, or introduction or delivery for introduction into interstate commerce of the noncompliant vehicles under their control after DTNA notified them that the subject noncompliance existed.

Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 30118, 30120: delegations of authority at 49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8.

End Authority Start Signature

Jeffrey M. Giuseppe,

Director, Office of Vehicle Safety Compliance.

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[FR Doc. 2017-06956 Filed 4-6-17; 8:45 am]

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