Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.
The Department of Commerce (Commerce) determines that carton-closing staples from the People's Republic of China (China) are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value (LTFV). The final dumping margin of sales at LTFV is shown in the “Final Determination” section of this notice.
Applicable March 28, 2018.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Irene Gorelik, AD/CVD Operations, Office VIII, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-6905.
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On November 3, 2017, Commerce published in the Federal Register its preliminary affirmative determination in the LTFV investigation of carton-closing staples from China.
For a complete description of the events that followed the Preliminary Determination, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum that is dated concurrently with this determination and hereby adopted by this notice.
Commerce exercised its discretion to toll deadlines affected by the closure of the Federal Government from January 20 through 22, 2018. If the new deadline falls on a non-business day, in accordance with Commerce's practice, the deadline will become the next business day. The revised deadline for the final Start Printed Page 13237determination of this investigation is now March 21, 2018.
A summary of the events that occurred since Commerce published the Preliminary Determination, as well as a full discussion of the issues raised by parties for this final determination, may be found in the Issues and Decision Memorandum. The Issues and Decision Memorandum is a public document and is on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to registered users at http://access.trade.gov, and is available to all parties in the Central Records Unit, Room B8024 of the main Department of Commerce building. In addition, a complete version of the Issues and Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly at http://enforcement.trade.gov/frn/. The signed Issues and Decision Memorandum and the electronic version are identical in content.
Period of Investigation
The period of investigation (POI) is July 1, 2016, through December 31, 2016.
Scope of the Investigation 
The products covered by this investigation are carton-closing staples from China. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see the “Scope of the Investigation,” in Appendix I of this notice. The scope in Appendix I reflects the final scope language.
Analysis of Comments Received
All issues raised in the case and rebuttal briefs that were submitted by parties in this investigation are addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum accompanying this notice, which is hereby adopted by this notice. A list of the issues addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum is attached to this notice at Appendix II.
For the final determination, Commerce continues to rely upon facts otherwise available, with adverse inferences based on adverse facts available (AFA), for the China-wide entity, including Zhejiang Best Nail Industrial Co., Ltd. (Best Nail), pursuant to sections 776(a)-(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). Furthermore, as discussed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum, Commerce continues to find, pursuant to sections 771(33)(A) and (F) of the Act, that the mandatory respondent, Shanghai Yueda Nails Co., Ltd., is affiliated with Qiushan Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., Fastnail Products Limited, and Wuhan FOPO Trading Co., Ltd., and that these companies should be treated as a single entity pursuant 19 CFR 351.401(f), hereinafter referred to as Yueda Group. However, for the final determination, we find that another company, China Dinghao Co., Limited (Dinghao), is affiliated within the meaning of section 771(33)(G) of the Act, and should, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.401(f)(2)(iii), also be treated as part of this single entity, pursuant to our verification of the Yueda Group. Based on Commerce's verification of the Yueda Group, we continue to find it entitled to a separate rate, but determine it appropriate to base Yueda Group's estimated dumping margin on AFA, pursuant to sections 776(a)-(b) of the Act.
For the final determination, we continue to find, in accordance with section 776(a) of the Act, that the China-wide entity, which includes certain Chinese exporters and/or producers 
that did not respond to Commerce's requests for information, failed to provide necessary information, failed to provide information in a timely manner, and significantly impeded this proceeding by not submitting the requested information. We also continue to find, in accordance with section 776(b) of the Act, that the China-wide entity failed to cooperate. As a result, we continue to assign to the China-wide entity a dumping margin on the basis of AFA.
In selecting the AFA rate for Yueda Group and the China-wide entity, Commerce's practice is to select a rate that is sufficiently adverse to ensure that the uncooperative party does not obtain a more favorable result by failing to cooperate than if it had fully cooperated.
Specifically, it is Commerce's practice to select, as an AFA rate, the higher of: (a) The highest dumping margin alleged in the petition; or (b) the highest calculated dumping margin of any respondent in the investigation.
As there are no respondents for which we are calculating a separate dumping margin for the final determination, we relied upon the rates found in the Petition, which is the only information regarding the carton-closing staples industry reasonably at Commerce's disposal to determine a rate that is sufficiently adverse to induce cooperation.
Thus, as AFA, Commerce assigned to Yueda Group and the China-wide entity the rate of 263.40 percent, which is the highest dumping margin alleged in the Petition.
For the final determination, because there were no margins calculated for the mandatory respondents, to corroborate the 263.40 percent margin used as AFA for Yueda Group and the China-wide entity, to the extent appropriate information was available, we are affirming our pre-initiation analysis of the adequacy and accuracy of the information in the Start Printed Page 13238Petition.
Accordingly, we find that the rate of 263.40 percent is corroborated within the meaning of section 776(c) of the Act.
For the final determination, we continue to find that Hangzhou Huayu Machinery Co., Ltd. and The Stanley Works (Langfang) Fastening Systems Co., Ltd. are entitled to a separate rate, as noted below. In the Preliminary Determination, we assigned, as the separate rate, the margin calculated for the single remaining mandatory respondent (Yueda Group), consistent with our practice.
However, because we have determined to base Yueda Group's final dumping margin on AFA, we can no longer rely on Yueda Group's preliminary calculated rate as the separate rate. Therefore, because we are determining Yueda Group's rate and the China-wide rate based on AFA, we are looking to section 735(c)(5)(A)-(B) of the Act for guidance and are, consistent with that provision, using “any reasonable method” to determine the rate for exporters that are not being individually examined and found to be entitled to a separate rate, as we did in the Preliminary Determination. As “any reasonable method,” we find it appropriate to assign the simple average of the Petition rates 
(i.e., 115.65 percent) to the separate rate applicants not individually examined.
In the Initiation Notice,
Commerce stated that it would calculate producer/exporter combination rates for the respondents that are eligible for a separate rate in this investigation. Policy Bulletin 05.1 describes this practice.
Commerce determines that carton-closing staples from China are being, or is likely to be, sold in the United States at LTFV, and that the following dumping margins exist:
|Producer||Exporter||Estimated dumping margin
|Yueda Group: 17||Yueda Group:|
|Shanghai Yueda Nails Co., Ltd., or Qiushan Printing Machinery Co., Ltd||Shanghai Yueda Nails Co., Ltd., or Fastnail Products Limited, or Wuhan FOPO Trading Co., Ltd., or China Dinghao Co., Limited||263.40|
|Hangzhou Huayu Machinery Co., Ltd.||Hangzhou Huayu Machinery Co., Ltd.||115.65|
|The Stanley Works (Langfang) Fastening Systems Co., Ltd.||The Stanley Works (Langfang) Fastening Systems Co., Ltd.||115.65|
|China-Wide Entity 18||263.40|
Normally, Commerce discloses to interested parties the calculations performed in connection with a final determination within five days of any public announcement or, if there is no public announcement, within five days of the date of publication of the notice of final determination in the Federal Register, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.224(b). Because Commerce applied total AFA to the sole individually examined company, Yueda Group, in accordance with section 776 of the Act, and the applied AFA rate is based solely on at rate from the Petition, there are no calculations to disclose for Yueda Group. However, we will disclose the calculation of the simple average of the Petition margins, which we applied to the non-individually examined companies receiving a separate rate (i.e., 115.65 percent), within five days of the date of publication of this notice to parties in this proceeding, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.224(b).
Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation
In accordance with section 735(c)(1)(B) of the Act, we will direct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to continue to suspend liquidation of all entries of carton-closing staples from China, as described in Appendix I of this notice, which are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after November 3, 2017, the date of publication in the Federal Register of the affirmative Preliminary Determination. Pursuant to section 735(c)(1) of the Act, we will instruct CBP to require a cash deposit equal to the margins indicated in the chart above.
These suspension of liquidation instructions will remain in effect until further notice.
International Trade Commission Notification
In accordance with section 735(d) of the Act, we intend to notify the International Trade Commission (ITC) of the final affirmative determination of sales at LTFV. As Commerce's final determination is affirmative, in accordance with section 735(b)(2) of the Act, the ITC will determine, within 45 days, whether the domestic industry in the United States is materially injured, or threatened with material injury, by reason of imports of carton-closing staples from China, or sales (or the likelihood of sales) for importation, of carton-closing staples from China. If the ITC determines that such injury does not exist, this proceeding will be terminated, and all securities posted Start Printed Page 13239will be refunded or canceled. If the ITC determines that such injury does exist, Commerce intends to issue an antidumping duty order directing CBP to assess, upon further instruction by Commerce, antidumping duties on all imports of the subject merchandise entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after the effective date of the suspension of liquidation.
Notification Regarding Administrative Protective Orders
This notice will serve as a reminder to the parties subject to administrative protective order (APO) of their responsibility concerning the disposition of propriety information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305. Timely written notification of return or destruction of APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and terms of an APO is a sanctionable violation.
We intend to issue and publish this determination in accordance with sections 735(d) and 777(i)(1) of the Act.
Dated: March 21, 2018.
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.
Scope of the Investigation
The scope of this investigation is carton-closing staples. Carton-closing staples may be manufactured from carbon, alloy, or stainless steel wire, and are included in the scope of the investigation regardless of whether they are uncoated or coated, regardless of the type of coating.
Carton-closing staples are generally made to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specification ASTM D1974/D1974M-16, but can also be made to other specifications. Regardless of specification, however, all carton-closing staples meeting the scope description are included in the scope. Carton-closing staples include stick staple products, often referred to as staple strips, and roll staple products, often referred to as coils. Stick staples are lightly cemented or lacquered together to facilitate handling and loading into stapling machines. Roll staples are taped together along their crowns. Carton-closing staples are covered regardless of whether they are imported in stick form or roll form.
Carton-closing staples vary by the size of the wire, the width of the crown, and the length of the leg. The nominal leg length ranges from 0.4095 inch to 1.375 inches and the nominal crown width ranges from 1.125 inches to 1.375 inches. The size of the wire used in the production of carton-closing staples varies from 0.029 to 0.064 inch (nominal thickness) by 0.064 to 0.100 inch (nominal width).
Carton-closing staples subject to this investigation are currently classifiable under subheadings 8305.20.00.00 and 7317.00.65.60 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS). While the HTSUS subheadings and ASTM specification are provided for convenience and for customs purposes, the written description of the subject merchandise is dispositive.
List of Topics Discussed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum
III. Changes from the Preliminary Determination
IV. Discussion of the Issues
Comment 1: Whether To Assign Total Adverse Facts Available to Yueda Group
B. Verification and Timing
C. Reliance on Unverified Information
D. Commerce's Conduct Regarding the Toller
E. Application of Facts Available and Adverse Facts Available
F. Selection and Corroboration of the AFA Rate
Comment 2: Reliance on Toller's Reported FOP Data
Comment 3: Separate Rate Assigned to Non-Individually Examined Respondents
Comment 4: Whether To Find Affirmative Critical Circumstances
Additional Arguments Regarding Calculations
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[FR Doc. 2018-06206 Filed 3-27-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P