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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Extension

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Trade Commission (“FTC” or “Commission”).

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The FTC intends to ask the Office of Management and Budget (“OMB”) to extend for an additional three years the current Paperwork Reduction Act (“PRA”) clearance for the FTC's enforcement of the information collection requirements in four consumer financial regulations enforced by the Commission. Those clearances expire on July 31, 2018.

DATES:

Comments must be filed by June 4, 2018.

ADDRESSES:

Interested parties may file a comment online or on paper, by following the instructions in the Request for Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write “Regs BEMZ, PRA Comments, P084812” on your comment and file your comment online at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/​ftc/​RegsBEMZpra by following the instructions on the web-based form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, mail your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Suite CC-5610 (Annex J), Washington, DC 20580, or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW, 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex J), Washington, DC 20024.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Requests for additional information or copies of the proposed information requirements should be addressed to Carole Reynolds or Stephanie Rosenthal, Attorneys, Division of Financial Practices, Bureau of Consumer Protection, Federal Trade Commission, 600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20580, (202) 326-3224.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The four regulations covered by this notice are:

(1) Regulations promulgated under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, 15 U.S.C. 1691 et seq. (“ECOA”) (“Regulation B”) (OMB Control Number: 3084-0087);

(2) Regulations promulgated under the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, 15 U.S.C. 1693 et seq. (“EFTA”) (“Regulation E”) (OMB Control Number: 3084-0085);

(3) Regulations promulgated under the Consumer Leasing Act, 15 U.S.C. 1667 et seq. (“CLA”) (“Regulation M”) (OMB Control Number: 3084-0086); and

(4) Regulations promulgated under the Truth-In-Lending Act, 15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq. (“TILA”) (“Regulation Z”) (OMB Control Number: 3084-0088).

The FTC enforces these statutes as to all businesses engaged in conduct these laws cover unless these businesses (such as federally chartered or insured depository institutions) are subject to the regulatory authority of another federal agency.

Under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank Act”), Public Law 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010), almost all rulemaking authority for the ECOA, EFTA, CLA, and TILA transferred from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board) to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) on July 21, 2011 (“transfer date”). To implement this transferred authority, the CFPB published interim final rules for new regulations in 12 CFR part 1002 (Regulation B), 12 CFR part 1005 (Regulation E), 12 CFR part 1013 (Regulation M), and 12 CFR 1026 (Regulation Z) for those entities under its rulemaking jurisdiction, which were issued as final rules thereafter.[1] Although the Dodd-Frank Act transferred most rulemaking authority under ECOA, EFTA, CLA, and TILA to the CFPB, the Board retained rulemaking authority for certain motor vehicle dealers [2] under all of these statutes and also for certain interchange-related requirements under EFTA.[3]

As a result of the Dodd-Frank Act, the FTC and the CFPB generally share the authority to enforce Regulations B, E, M, and Z for entities for which the FTC had enforcement authority before the Act, except for certain motor vehicle dealers.[4] Because of the generally shared enforcement jurisdiction, the two agencies have divided the FTC's previously-cleared PRA burden Start Printed Page 14274estimates between them,[5] except that the FTC has assumed all of the burden estimates associated with motor vehicle dealers [6] and now is also doing the same regarding estimated burden for state-chartered credit unions (both reflected in the burden summaries below as a “carve-out”). The division of PRA burden hours not attributable to motor vehicle dealers and, as appropriate, to state-chartered credit unions, is reflected in the CFPB's PRA clearance requests to OMB, as well as in the FTC's burden estimates below.

Through the Dodd-Frank Act, the FTC generally has sole authority to enforce Regulations B, E, M, and Z regarding certain motor vehicle dealers predominantly engaged in the sale and servicing of motor vehicles, the leasing and servicing of motor vehicles, or both, that, among other things, assign their contracts to unaffiliated third parties.[7] Because the FTC has exclusive jurisdiction to enforce these rules for such motor vehicle dealers and retains its concurrent authority with the CFPB for other types of motor vehicle dealers, and in view of the different types of motor vehicle dealers, the FTC is including for itself the entire PRA burden for all motor vehicle dealers in the burden estimates below.

The regulations impose certain recordkeeping and disclosure requirements associated with providing credit or with other financial transactions. Under the PRA, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3521, Federal agencies must get OMB approval for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” includes agency requests or requirements to submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. See 44 U.S.C. 3502(3); 5 CFR 1320.3(c).

All four of these regulations require covered entities to keep certain records, but FTC staff believes these records are kept in the normal course of business even absent the particular recordkeeping requirements.[8] Covered entities, however, may incur some burden associated with ensuring that they do not prematurely dispose of relevant records (i.e., during the time span they must retain records under the applicable regulation).

The regulations also require covered entities to make disclosures to third-parties. Related compliance involves set-up/monitoring and transaction-specific costs. “Set-up” burden, incurred only by covered new entrants, includes their identifying the applicable required disclosures, determining how best to comply, and designing and developing compliance systems and procedures. “Monitoring” burden, incurred by all covered entities, includes their time and costs to review changes to regulatory requirements, make necessary revisions to compliance systems and procedures, and to monitor the ongoing operation of systems and procedures to ensure continued compliance. “Transaction-related” burden refers to the time and cost associated with providing the various required disclosures in individual transactions, thus, generally, of much lesser magnitude than “monitoring” (or “setup”) burden. The FTC's estimates of transaction time and volume are intended as averages. The population of affected motor vehicle dealers is one component of a much larger universe of such entities.

The required disclosures do not impose PRA burden on some covered entities because they make those disclosures in their normal course of activities. For other covered entities that do not, their compliance burden will vary widely depending on the extent to which they have developed effective computer-based or electronic systems and procedures to communicate and document required disclosures.[9]

Calculating the burden associated with the four regulations' disclosure requirements is very difficult because of the highly diverse group of affected entities. The “respondents” included in the following burden calculations consist of, among others, credit and lease advertisers, creditors, owners (such as purchasers and assignees) of credit obligations, financial institutions, service providers, certain government agencies and others involved in delivering electronic fund transfers (“EFTs”) of government benefits, and lessors.[10] The burden estimates represent FTC staff's best assessment, based on its knowledge and expertise relating to the financial services industry, of the average time to complete the aforementioned tasks associated with recordkeeping and disclosure. Staff considered the wide variations in covered entities' (1) size and location; (2) credit or lease products offered, extended, or advertised, and their particular terms; (3) EFT types used; (4) types and frequency of adverse actions taken; (5) types of appraisal reports utilized; and (6) computer systems and electronic features of compliance operations.

The cost estimates that follow relate solely to labor costs, and they include the time necessary to train employees how to comply with the regulations. Staff calculated labor costs by multiplying appropriate hourly wages by the burden hours described above. The hourly wages used were $56 for managerial oversight, $42 for skilled technical services, and $17 for clerical work. These figures are averages drawn from Bureau of Labor Statistics data.[11] Further, the FTC cost estimates assume the following labor category apportionments, except where otherwise indicated below: Recordkeeping—10% skilled technical, 90% clerical; disclosure—10% managerial, 90% skilled technical.

The applicable PRA requirements impose minimal capital or other non-labor costs. Affected entities generally already have the necessary equipment for other business purposes. Similarly, FTC staff estimates that compliance with these rules entails minimal printing and copying costs beyond that associated with documenting financial transactions in the normal course of business.

The following discussion and tables present FTC estimates under the PRA of recordkeeping and disclosure average Start Printed Page 14275time and labor costs, excluding that which the FTC believes entities incur customarily in the normal course of business [12] and information compiled and produced in response to FTC law enforcement investigations or prosecutions.[13]

1. Regulation B

The ECOA prohibits discrimination in the extension of credit. Regulation B implements the ECOA, establishing disclosure requirements to assist customers in understanding their rights under the ECOA and recordkeeping requirements to assist agencies in enforcement. Regulation B applies to retailers, mortgage lenders, mortgage brokers, finance companies, and others.

Recordkeeping

FTC staff estimates that Regulation B's general recordkeeping requirements affect 530,762 credit firms subject to the Commission's jurisdiction, at an average annual burden of 1.25 hours per firm for a total of 663,453 hours.[14] Staff also estimates that the requirement that mortgage creditors monitor information about race/national origin, sex, age, and marital status imposes a maximum burden of one minute each (of skilled technical time) for approximately 2.6 million credit applications (based on industry data regarding the approximate number of mortgage purchase and refinance originations), for a total of 43,333 hours.[15] Staff also estimates that recordkeeping of self-testing subject to the regulation would affect 1,500 firms, with an average annual burden of one hour (of skilled technical time) per firm, for a total of 1,500 hours, and that recordkeeping of any corrective action as a result of self-testing would affect 10% of them, i.e., 150 firms, with an average annual burden of four hours (of skilled technical time) per firm, for a total of 600 hours.[16] Keeping associated records of race/national origin, sex, age, and marital status requires an estimated one minute of skilled technical time.

Disclosure

Regulation B requires that creditors (i.e., entities that regularly participate in the decision whether to extend credit under Regulation B) provide notices whenever they take adverse action, such as denial of a credit application. It requires entities that extend mortgage credit with first liens to provide a copy of the appraisal report or other written valuation to applicants.[17] Finally, Regulation B also requires that for accounts which spouses may use or for which they are contractually liable, creditors who report credit history must do so in a manner reflecting both spouses' participation. Further, it requires creditors that collect applicant characteristics for purposes of conducting a self-test to disclose to those applicants that: (1) Providing the information is optional; (2) the creditor will not take the information into account in any aspect of the credit transactions; and (3) if applicable, the information will be noted by visual observation or surname if the applicant chooses not to provide it.[18]

Burden Totals

Recordkeeping: 708,886 hours (631,281 + 77,605 carve-out); $14,845,512 ($13,316,477 + $1,529,035 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Disclosures: 1,088,912 hours (961,224 + 127,688 carve-out); $47,258,792 ($41,717,144 + $5,541,648 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Regulation B—Disclosures—Burden Hours

DisclosuresRespondentsSetup/Monitoring 1Number of transactionsTransaction-related 2Total burden (hours)
Average burden per respondent (hours)Total setup/ monitoring burden (hours)Average burden per transaction (minutes)Total transaction burden (hours)
Credit history reporting133,553.2533,38860,098,850.25250,412283,800
Adverse action notices530,762.75398,07292,883,350.25387,014785,086
Appraisal reports/written valuations4,65014,6501,725,150.5014,37619,026
Self-test disclosures1,500.575060,000.252501,000
Total1,088,912
1 The estimates assume that all applicable entities would be affected, with respect to appraisal reports and other written valuations. These entities have decreased slightly, while credit history, adverse action and self-test entities have increased slightly, from prior FTC estimates, based on market changes.
2 Applicable transactions have increased for appraisal reports; however, credit history, adverse action and self-test transactions have decreased, based on market changes. Taken together, the overall total disclosure burden has decreased.
Start Printed Page 14276

Regulation B—Recordkeeping and Disclosures—Cost

Required TaskManagerialSkilled TechnicalClericalTotal cost ($)
Time (hours)Cost ($56/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($47/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($17/hr.)
General recordkeeping0$066,345$2,786,490597,108$10,150,836$12,937,326
Other recordkeeping0043,3331,819,986001,819,986
Recordkeeping of self-test001,50063,0000063,000
Recordkeeping of corrective action0060025,2000025,200
Total Recordkeeping14,845,512
Disclosures:
Credit history reporting28,3801,589,280255,42010,727,6400012,316,920
Adverse action notices78,5094,396,504706,57729,676,2340034,072,738
Appraisal reports1,903106,56817,123719,16600825,734
Self-test disclosure1005,60090037,8000043,400
Total Disclosures47,258,792
Total Recordkeeping and Disclosures62,104,304

2. Regulation E

The EFTA requires that covered entities provide consumers with accurate disclosure of the costs, terms, and rights relating to EFT and certain other services. Regulation E implements the EFTA, establishing disclosure and other requirements to aid consumers and recordkeeping requirements to assist agencies with enforcement. It applies to financial institutions, retailers, gift card issuers and others that provide gift cards, service providers, various federal and state agencies offering EFTs, prepaid account entities, etc. Staff estimates that Regulation E's recordkeeping requirements affect 251,053 firms offering EFT and certain other services to consumers and that are subject to the Commission's jurisdiction, at an average annual burden of one hour per firm, for a total of 251,053 hours. This represents a decrease from prior figures, reflecting a decrease in entities under FTC jurisdiction engaged in applicable activities.

Burden Totals

Recordkeeping: 251,053 hours (233,947 + 17,106 carve-out); $4,895,526 ($4,561,949 + $333,577 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Disclosures: 7,184,903 hours (7,165,929 + 18,974 carve-out); $311,824,800 ($310,999,734 + $825,066 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Regulation E—Disclosures—Burden Hours

Disclosures 1Setup/MonitoringTransaction-relatedTotal burden (hours)
RespondentsAverage burden per respondentTotal setup/monitoring burden (hours)Number of TransactionsAverage burden per transaction (minutes)Total transaction burden (hours)
Initial terms27,300.513,650273,000.029113,741
Change in terms8,550.54,27511,286,000.023,7628,037
Periodic statements27,300.513,650327,600,000.02109,200122,850
Error resolution27,300.513,650273,000522,75036,400
Transaction receipts27,300.513,6501,375,000,000.02458,333471,983
Preauthorized transfers 2258,553.5129,2776,463,825.2526,933156,210
Service provider notices20,000.255,000200,000.258335,833
ATM notices125.253125,000,000.25104,167104,198
Electronic check conversion 348,553.524,277728,295.0224324,520
Overdraft services15,000.57,5001,500,000.025008,000
Gift cards15,000.57,500750,000,000.02250,000257,500
Remittance transfers:
Disclosures4,8001.256,00096,000,000.91,440,0001,446,000
Error resolution4,8001.256,000120,960,000.91,814,4001,820,400
Agent compliance4,8001.256,00096,000,000.91,440,0001,446,000
Prepaid accounts and gov't benefits: 4
Disclosures55040x10 5220,0002,750,000,000.02916,6671,136,667
Disclosures—updates1381x101,380 6N/A1,380
Access to account information55020x10 7110,0001,100,000.01183110,183
Error resolution3004x44,800275,00029,16713,967
Error resolution—followup 8N/A1,38030690690
Submission of agreements1382x1276690111287
Updates to agreements 9N/A69055757
Total7,184,903
1 Except as noted below, most respondent tallies in this table have decreased due to business shifts and other market changes that result in fewer entities under FTC jurisdiction. Accordingly, related transactions under FTC jurisdiction have also decreased.
2 Preauthorized transfers rules apply to “persons” and entities. The number of respondents and transactions by such persons have increased, as these preauthorized transfers are used more commonly than previously.
3 The total number of electronic check conversion respondents and transactions has decreased, particularly due to declining check usage.
4 Prepaid accounts are now covered by Regulation E (and payroll cards are included in this area). Government benefit notices are included also in this area, although some separate requirements for government benefits remain; these factors are accounted for in the estimates. The number of government benefit entities also have declined given business shifts that have reduced the number of entities under FTC jurisdiction (and prepaid entities under FTC jurisdiction are also few in number).
5 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.Start Printed Page 14277
6 This reflects prepaid accounts' updates of additional fee type disclosures. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
7 Burden hours are on a per program basis; individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
8 This pertains to prepaid accounts.
9 This pertains to prepaid accounts' agreements.

Regulation E—Recordkeeping and Disclosures—Cost

Required taskManagerialSkilled TechnicalClericalTotal cost ($)
Time (hours)Cost ($56/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($42/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($17/hr.)
Recordkeeping0$025,105$1,054,410225,948$3,841,116$4,895,526
Disclosures:
Initial terms1,37476,94412,367519,41400596,358
Change in terms80445,0247,233303,78600348,810
Periodic statements12,285687,960110,5654,643,730005,331,690
Error resolution3,640203,84032,7601,375,920001,579,760
Transaction receipts47,1982,643,088424,78517,840,9700020,484,058
Preauthorized transfers15,621874,776140,5895,904,738006,779,514
Service provider notices58332,6485,250220,50000253,148
ATM notices10,420583,52093,7783,938,676004,522,196
Electronic check conversion2,452137,31222,068926,856001,064,168
Overdraft services80044,8007,200302,40000347,200
Gift cards25,7501,442,000231,7509,733,5000011,175,500
Remittance transfers:
Disclosures144,6008,097,6001,301,40054,658,8000062,756,400
Error resolution182,04010,194,2401,638,36068,811,1200079,005,360
Agent compliance144,6008,097,6001,301,40054,658,8000062,756,400
Prepaid accounts and gov't. benefits:
Disclosures113,6676,365,3521,023,00042,966,0000049,331,352
Disclosures—updates1387,7281,24252,1640059,892
Access to account information11,018617,00899,1654,164,930004,781,938
Error resolution1,39778,23212,570527,94000606,172
Error resolution—followup693,86462126,0820029,946
Submission of agreements291,62425810,8360012,460
Updates to agreements6336512,142002,478
Total Disclosures311,824,800
Total Recordkeeping and Disclosures316,720,326

3. Regulation M

The CLA requires that covered entities provide consumers with accurate disclosure of the costs and terms of leases. Regulation M implements the CLA, establishing disclosure requirements to help consumers comparison shop and understand the terms of leases and recordkeeping requirements. It applies to vehicle lessors (such as auto dealers, independent leasing companies, and manufacturers' captive finance companies), computer lessors (such as computer dealers and other retailers), furniture lessors, various electronic commerce lessors, diverse types of lease advertisers, and others.

Staff estimates that Regulation M's recordkeeping requirements affect approximately 30,203 firms within the FTC's jurisdiction leasing products to consumers at an average annual burden of one hour per firm, for a total of 30,203 hours.

Burden Totals [19]

Recordkeeping: 30,203 hours (3,513 + 26,690 carve-out); $1,649,088 ($191,814 + $1,457,274 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Disclosures: 71,750 hours (2,094 + 69,656 carve-out); $3,917,550 ($114,394 + $3,803,156 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Regulation M—Disclosures—Burden Hours

DisclosuresSetup/MonitoringTransaction-relatedTotal burden (hours)
RespondentsAverage burden per respondent (hours)Total setup/ monitoring burden (hours)Number of transactionsAverage burden per transaction (minutes)Total transaction burden (hours)
Motor Vehicle Leases 126,690126,6904,000,000.5033,33360,023
Other Leases 23,513.501,75760,000.252502,007
Advertising 314,615.507,308578,960.252,4129,720
Total71,750
1 This category focuses on consumer vehicle leases. Vehicle leases are subject to more lease disclosure requirements (pertaining to computation of payment obligations) than other lease transactions. (Only consumer leases for more than four months are covered.) See 15 U.S.C. 1667(1); 12 CFR 1013.2(e)(1). While the number of respondents for vehicle leases has decreased with market changes, the number of vehicle lease transactions has remained about the same, compared to past FTC estimates. Leases up to $55,800 plus an annual adjustment are now covered. The resulting total burden has decreased.Start Printed Page 14278
2 This category focuses on all types of consumer leases other than vehicle leases. It includes leases for computers, other electronics, small appliances, furniture, and other transactions. (Only consumer leases for more than four months are covered.) See 15 U.S.C. 1667(1); 12 CFR 1013.2(e)(1). The number of respondents has decreased, based on market changes in companies and types of transactions they offer; the number of such transactions has also declined, based on types of transactions offered that are covered by the CLA. Leases up to $55,800 plus an annual adjustment are now covered. The resulting total burden has decreased.
3 Respondents for advertising have decreased as have lease advertisements, based on market changes, from past FTC estimates. The resulting total burden has decreased.

Regulation M—Recordkeeping and Disclosures—Cost

Required taskManagerialSkilled TechnicalClericalTotal cost ($)
Time (hours)Cost ($56/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($42/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($17/hr.)
Recordkeeping27,183$1,522,2483,020$126,84000$1,649,088
Disclosures:
Motor Vehicle Leases54,0213,025,1766,002252,084003,277,260
Other Leases1,806101,1362018,44200109,578
Advertising8,748489,88897240,82400530,712
Total Disclosures3,917,550
Total Recordkeeping and Disclosures5,566,638

4. Regulation Z

The TILA was enacted to foster comparison credit shopping and informed credit decision making by requiring creditors and others to provide accurate disclosures regarding the costs and terms of credit to consumers. Regulation Z implements the TILA, establishing disclosure requirements to assist consumers and recordkeeping requirements to assist agencies with enforcement. These requirements pertain to open-end and closed-end credit and apply to various types of entities, including mortgage companies; finance companies; auto dealerships; private education loan companies; merchants who extend credit for goods or services; credit advertisers; acquirers of mortgages; and others. Additional requirements also exist in the mortgage area, including for high cost mortgages, higher-priced mortgage loans,[20] ability to pay of mortgage consumers, mortgage servicing, loan originators, and certain integrated mortgage disclosures.

FTC staff estimates that Regulation Z's recordkeeping requirements affect approximately 430,762 entities subject to the Commission's jurisdiction, at an average annual burden of 1.25 hours per entity with .25 additional hours per entity for 3,650 entities (ability to pay), and 5 additional hours per entity for 4,500 entities (loan originators).

Burden Totals

Recordkeeping: 561,866 hours (484,961 + 76,905 carve-out); $10,956,397 ($9,456,749 + $1,499,648 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Disclosures: 7,854,575 hours ($6,838,256 + 1,016,319 carve-out; $318,601,732 ($274,493,500 + $44,108,232 carve-out), associated labor costs.

Regulation Z—Disclosures—Burden Hours

Disclosures 1Setup/MonitoringTransaction-relatedTotal burden (hours)
RespondentsAverage burden per respondent (hours)Total setup/ monitoring burden (hours)Number of transactionsAverage burden per transaction (minutes)Total transaction burden (hours)
Open-end credit:
Initial terms23,650.7517,73810,500,600.37565,62983,367
Initial terms—prepaid accounts32 4x1123 3x78,667.125492504
Rescission notices750.53753,750.2516391
Subsequent disclosures4,650.753,48823,250,000.18872,85076,338
Subsequent disclosures—prepaid accounts34 4x1125 3x78,667.0625246258
Periodic statements23,650.7517,738788,325,450.09381,232,4151,250,153
Periodic statements—prepaid accounts36 40x11207 3x944,000.031251,4751,595
Error resolution23,650.7517,7382,104,8506210,485228,223
Error resolution—prepaid accounts followup38 4x1129 3x1,18015885897
Credit and charge card accounts10,250.757,6885,125,000.37532,03139,719
Start Printed Page 14279
Credit and charge card accounts—prepaid accounts310 4x11211 3x12240144156
Settlement of estate debts23,650.7517,738496,650.3753,10420,842
Special credit card requirements10,250.757,6885,125,000.37532,03139,719
Home equity lines of credit750.53755,250.2522397
Home equity lines of credit high-cost mortgages25025001,500250550
College student credit card marketing—ed. institutions1,350.567581,000.253381,013
College student credit card marketing—card issuer reports150.751134,500.7556169
Posting and reporting of credit card agreements10,250.757,6885,125,000.37532,03139,719
Posting and reporting of prepaid account agreements312 .75x1213 3x52.513
Advertising38,650.7528,988115,950.751,44930,437
Advertising—prepaid accounts314 20x160N/A60
Advertising—prepaid accounts Updates315 0.2x53N/A3
Sale, transfer, or assignment of mortgages500.5250500,000.252,0832,333
Appraiser misconduct reporting301,150.75225,8636,023,000.37537,644263,507
Mortgage servicing 161,500.751,125150,000.51,2502,375
Loan originators2,25024,50022,50051,8756,375
Closed-end credit:
Credit disclosures280,762.75210,572112,304,8002.254,211,4304,422,002
Rescission notices3,650.51,8255,475,000191,25093,075
Redisclosures101,150.550,575505,7502.2518,96669,541
Integrated mortgage disclosures3,6501036,50010,950,0003.5638,750675,250
Variable rate mortgages3,65013,650365,0001.7510,64614,296
High cost mortgages1,75011,75043,75021,4583,208
Higher priced mortgages1,75011,75014,00024672,217
Reverse mortgages3,025.51,51315,12512521,765
Advertising205,762.5102,8812,057,620134,294137,175
Private education loans75.53830,0001.5750788
Sale, transfer, or assignment of mortgages48,850.524,4252,442,500.2510,17734,602
Ability to pay/qualified mortgage3,650.752,7380002,738
Appraiser misconduct reporting301,150.75225,8636,023,000.37537,644263,507
Mortgage servicing 173,6501.55,475730,0002.7533,45838,933
Loan originators2,25024,50022,50051,8756,375
Total open-end credit2,089,103
Total closed-end credit5,765,472
Start Printed Page 14280
Total credit7,854,575
1 Regulation Z requires disclosures for closed-end and open-end credit. TILA and Regulation Z now cover credit up to $55,800 plus an annual adjustment (except that real estate credit and private education loans are covered regardless of amount). In most instances noted below, business shifts and other market changes have reduced estimated PRA burden. In a few instances noted below, changes to Regulation Z have increased estimated PRA burden. This is particularly due to the inclusion of burden for prepaid accounts with certain credit aspects, as applicable, due to new rules. However, the overall effect of these competing factors, combined with the FTC sharing with the CFPB estimated PRA burden (for all but motor vehicle dealers and certain credit unions) yields a net decrease from the FTC's prior reported estimate for open-end credit and for closed-end credit.
2 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
3 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
4 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
5 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
6 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
7 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
8 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
9 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
10 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
11 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
12 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
13 This figure lists the number of entities followed by the number of responses or programs each.
14 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
15 Burden hours are on a per program basis. Individual burden hours are listed first, followed by the number of programs.
16 Regulation Z has expanded various mortgage servicing requirements for successors-in-interest, which in some instances can affect open-end credit, increasing burden. However, the number of entities and transactions under FTC jurisdiction have decreased, reducing overall burden compared to prior FTC estimates.
17 Regulation Z has expanded various mortgage servicing requirements for successors-in-interest, and periodic statement requirements including for consumers in bankruptcy, among other things, affecting closed-end credit, increasing burden. However, the number of entities and transactions under FTC jurisdiction have decreased, reducing overall burden compared to prior FTC estimates.

Regulation Z—Recordkeeping and Disclosures—Cost

Required taskManagerialSkilled TechnicalClericalTotal cost ($)
Time (hours)Cost ($56/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($42/hr.)Time (hours)Cost ($17/hr.)
Recordkeeping0$056,187$2,359,854505,679$8,596,543$10,956,397
Open-end credit Disclosures:
Initial terms8,337466,87275,0303,151,260003,618,132
Initial terms—prepaid accounts502,80045419,0680021,868
Rescission notices392,18435214,7840016,968
Subsequent disclosures7,634427,50468,7042,885,568003,313,072
Subsequent disclosures—prepaid accounts261.4562329,7440011,200
Periodic statements125,0157,000,8401,125,13847,255,7960054,256,636
Periodic statements—prepaid accounts1598,904143660,3120069.216
Error resolution22,8221,278,032205,4018,626,842009,904,874
Error resolution—prepaid accounts followup905,04080733.8940038,934
Credit and charge card accounts3,972222,43235,7471,501,374001,723,806
Credit and charge card accounts-prepaid accounts168961405,880006,776
Settlement of estate debts2,084116,70418,758787,83600904,540
Special credit card requirements3,972222,43235,7471,501,374001,723,806
Home equity lines of credit402,24035714,9940017,234
Home equity lines of credit—high cost mortgages553,08049520,7900023,870
College student credit card marketing—ed institutions1015,65691238,3040043,960
College student credit card marketing—card issuer reports179521526,384007,336
Posting and reporting of credit card agreements3,972222,43235,7471,501,374001,723,806
Posting and reporting of prepaid accounts15628400140
Advertising3,044170,46427,3931,150,506001,320,970
Advertising—prepaid accounts6336542,268002,604
Advertising—prepaid accounts Updates15628400140
Sale, transfer, or assignment of mortgages23313,0482,10088,20000101,248
Appraiser misconduct reporting26,3511,475,656237,1569,960,5520011,436,208
Mortgage servicing23813,3282,13789,75400103,082
Loan originators63835,7285,737240,95400276,682
Total open-end credit90,667,108
Closed-end credit Disclosures:
Credit disclosures442,2002,476,3003,979,802167,151,68400169,627,984
Rescission notices9,308521,24883,7673,518,214004,039,462
Redisclosures6,954389,42462,5872,628,654003,018,078
Integrated mortgage disclosures67,5253,781,400607,72525,524,4500029,305,850
Variable rate mortgages1,43080,08012,866540,37200620,452
High cost mortgages32117,9762,887121,25400139,230
Higher priced mortgages22212,4321,99583,7900096,222
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Reverse mortgages1779,9121,58866,6960076,608
Advertising13,718768,208123,4575,185,194005,953,402
Private education loans794,42470929,7780034,202
Sale, transfer, or assignment of mortgages3,460193,76031,1421,307,964001,501,724
Ability to pay/qualified mortgage27415,3442,464103,48800118,832
Appraiser misconduct reporting26,3511,475,656237,1569,960,5520011,436,208
Mortgage servicing3,893218,00835,0401,471,680001,689,688
Loan originators63835,7285,737240,95400276,682
Total closed-end credit227,934,624
Total Disclosures318,601,732
Total Recordkeeping and Disclosures329,558,129

Request for Comment: Pursuant to Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA, the FTC invites comments on: (1) Whether the disclosure requirements are necessary, including whether the information will be practically useful; (2) the accuracy of our burden estimates, including whether the methodology and assumptions used are useful; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of providing the required information to consumers.

You can file a comment online or on paper. For the FTC to consider your comment, we must receive it on or before June 4, 2018. Write “Regs BEMZ, PRA Comments, P084812” on your comment. Your comment—including your name and your state—will be placed on the public record of this proceeding, including, to the extent practicable, on the public FTC website, at https://www.ftc.gov/​policy/​public-comments.

Postal mail addressed to the Commission is subject to delay due to heightened security screening. As a result, we encourage you to submit your comments online. To make sure that the Commission considers your online comment, you must file it at https://ftcpublic.commentworks.com/​ftc/​RegsBEMZpra, by following the instructions on the web-based form. If this Notice appears at https://www.regulations.gov/​#!home, you also may file a comment through that website.

If you file your comment on paper, write “Regs BEMZ, PRA Comments, P084812” on your comment and on the envelope, and mail it to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Suite CC-5610 (Annex J), or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Constitution Center, 400 7th Street SW, 5th Floor, Suite 5610 (Annex J), Washington, DC 20024. If possible, submit your paper comment to the Commission by courier or overnight service.

Because your comment will be placed on the publicly accessible FTC website at https://www.ftc.gov/​, you are solely responsible for making sure that your comment does not include any sensitive or confidential information. In particular, your comment should not include any sensitive personal information, such as your or anyone else's Social Security number; date of birth; driver's license number or other state identification number, or foreign country equivalent; passport number; financial account number; or credit or debit card number. You are also solely responsible for making sure that your comment does not include any sensitive health information, such as medical records or other individually identifiable health information. In addition, your comment should not include any “trade secret or any commercial or financial information which . . . is privileged or confidential”—as provided by Section 6(f) of the FTC Act, 15 U.S.C. 46(f), and FTC Rule 4.10(a)(2), 16 CFR 4.10(a)(2)—including in particular competitively sensitive information such as costs, sales statistics, inventories, formulas, patterns, devices, manufacturing processes, or customer names.

Comments containing material for which confidential treatment is requested must be filed in paper form, must be clearly labeled “Confidential,” and must comply with FTC Rule 4.9(c). In particular, the written request for confidential treatment that accompanies the comment must include the factual and legal basis for the request, and must identify the specific portions of the comment to be withheld from the public record. See FTC Rule 4.9(c). Your comment will be kept confidential only if the General Counsel grants your request in accordance with the law and the public interest. Once your comment has been posted on the public FTC website—as legally required by FTC Rule 4.9(b)—we cannot redact or remove your comment from the FTC website, unless you submit a confidentiality request that meets the requirements for such treatment under FTC Rule 4.9(c), and the General Counsel grants that request.

Visit the FTC website to read this Notice. The FTC Act and other laws that the Commission administers permit the collection of public comments to consider and use in this proceeding as appropriate. The Commission will consider all timely and responsive public comments that it receives on or before June 4, 2018. For information on the Commission's privacy policy, including routine uses permitted by the Privacy Act, see https://www.ftc.gov/​site-information/​privacy-policy.

Start Signature

David C. Shonka,

Acting General Counsel.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  12 CFR 1002 (Reg. B) (76 FR 79442, Dec. 21, 2011) (81 FR 25323, Apr. 28, 2016); 12 CFR 1005 (Reg. E) (76 FR 81020, Dec. 27, 2011); (81 FR 25323, Apr. 28, 2016) 12 CFR 1013 (Reg. M) (76 FR 78500, Dec. 19, 2011) (81 FR 25323, Apr. 28, 2016); 12 CFR 1026 (Reg. Z) (76 FR 79768, Dec. 22, 2011) (81 FR 25323, Apr. 28, 2016).

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2.  Generally, these are dealers “predominantly engaged in the sale and servicing of motor vehicles, the leasing and servicing of motor vehicles, or both.” See Dodd-Frank Act, § 1029(a), -(c).

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3.  See Dodd-Frank Act, § 1075 (these requirements are implemented through Board Regulation II, 12 CFR 235, rather than EFTA's implementing Regulation E).

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4.  The FTC's enforcement authority includes state-chartered credit unions; other federal agencies also have various enforcement authority over credit unions. For example, for large credit unions (exceeding $10 billion in assets), the CFPB has certain authority. The National Credit Union Administration also has certain authority for state-chartered federally insured credit unions, and it additionally provides insurance for certain state-chartered credit unions through the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund and examines credit unions for various purposes. There are approximately three state-chartered credit unions exceeding $10 billion in assets, and the CFPB assumes PRA burden for those entities. As of the third quarter of 2017, there were approximately the following number of state-chartered credit unions: 2,347 state-chartered credit unions—2,106 federally insured, 125 privately insured, and 116 in Puerto Rico insured by a quasi-governmental entity. Because of the difficulty in parsing out PRA burden for such entities in view of the overlapping authority, the FTC's figures include PRA burden for all state-chartered credit unions (rounded to 2,300). As noted above, the CFPB's figures as to state chartered credit unions include burden for those entities exceeding $10 billion in assets (approximately 3 entities). See generally Dodd-Frank Act, §§ 1061, 1025, 1026. This attribution does not change actual enforcement authority.

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5.  The CFPB also factors into its burden estimates respondents over which it has jurisdiction but the FTC does not.

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6.  See Dodd-Frank Act § 1029 (a), as limited by subsection (b) as to motor vehicle dealers. Subsection (b) does not preclude CFPB regulatory oversight regarding, among others, businesses that extend retail credit or retail leases for motor vehicles in which the credit or lease offered is provided directly from those businesses, rather than unaffiliated third parties, to consumers. It is not practicable, however, for PRA purposes, to estimate the portion of dealers that engage in one form of financing versus another (and that would or would not be subject to CFPB oversight). Thus, FTC staff's “carve-out” for this PRA burden analysis reflects a general estimated volume of motor vehicle dealers. This attribution does not change actual enforcement authority.

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7.  See Dodd-Frank Act, § 1029(a), -(c).

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8.  PRA “burden” does not include “time, effort, and financial resources” expended in the normal course of business, regardless of any regulatory requirement. See 5 CFR 1320.3(b)(2).

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9.  For example, large companies may use computer-based and/or electronic means to provide required disclosures, including issuing some disclosures en masse, e.g., notice of changes in terms. Smaller companies may have less automated compliance systems but may nonetheless rely on electronic mechanisms for disclosures and recordkeeping. Regardless of size, some entities may utilize compliance systems that are fully integrated into their general business operational system; if so, they may have minimal additional burden. Other entities may have incorporated fewer of these approaches into their systems and thus may have a higher burden.

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10.  The Commission generally does not have jurisdiction over banks, thrifts, and federal credit unions under the applicable regulations.

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11.  These inputs are based broadly on mean hourly data found within the “Bureau of Labor Statistics, Economic News Release,” March 31, 2017, Table 1, “National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2016.” http://www.bls.gov/​news.release/​ocwage.t01.htm.

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12.  See supra note 8 and accompanying text.

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13.  See 5 CFR 1320.4(a) (excluding information collected in response to, among other things, a federal civil action or “during the conduct of an administrative action, investigation, or audit involving an agency against specific individuals or entities”).

FTC enforcement initiatives are based on diverse statutory and regulatory requirements. Some actions are brought in partnership with other federal and state agencies and encompass matters enforced by those agencies, not solely issues related to Regulations M and Z. Further, even where Regulations M and Z matters also are involved in FTC actions, or are in the broader initiative or enforcement sweep of automobile actions, the actions frequently include charges of unfair and/or deceptive practices under Section 5 of the FTC Act, 15 U.S.C. 45(a), and/or may involve warranty violations under the Magnuson Moss Warranty Act, 15 U.S.C. 2301-2312, and other issues not pertinent to this PRA submission. See, e.g., FTC, Press Release, FTC, Multiple Law Enforcement Partners Announce Crackdown on Deception, Fraud in Auto Sales, Financing and Leasing, Mar. 26, 2015, available at https://www.ftc.gov/​news-events/​press-releases/​2015/​03/​ftc-multiple-law-enforcement-partners-announce-crackdown. The FTC also frequently issues business “blog” guidance with its enforcement initiatives to guide and facilitate compliance. See, e.g., Lesley Fair, “FTC says car dealer took consumers for a ride—again, FTC BUSINESS CENTER BLOG (Aug. 18, 2016), available at https://www.ftc.gov/​news-events/​blogs/​business-blog/​2016/​08/​ftc-says-car-dealer-took-consumers-ride-again;​ Lesley Fair, Operation Ruse Control: Six tips if cars are up your alley, FTC BUSINESS CENTER BLOG (Mar. 26, 2015), available at https://www.ftc.gov/​news-events/​blogs/​business-blog/​2015/​03/​operation-ruse-control-6-tips-if-cars-are-your-alley.

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14.  Section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act amended the ECOA to require financial institutions to collect and report information concerning credit applications by women- or minority-owned businesses and small businesses, effective on the July 21, 2011 transfer date. Both the CFPB and the Board have exempted affected entities from complying with this requirement until a date set by the prospective final rules these agencies issue to implement it. The Commission will address PRA burden for its enforcement of the requirement after the CFPB and the Board have issued the associated final rules.

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15.  Regulation B contains model forms that creditors may use to gather and retain the required information.

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16.  In contrast to banks, for example, entities under FTC jurisdiction are not subject to audits by the FTC for compliance with Regulation B; rather they may be subject to FTC investigations and enforcement actions. This may impact the level of self-testing (as specifically defined by Regulation B) in a given year, and staff has sought to address such factors in its burden estimates.

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17.  While the rule also requires the creditor to provide a short written disclosure regarding the appraisal process, the disclosure is provided by the CFPB, and is thus not a “collection of information” for PRA purposes. Accordingly, it is not included in burden estimates below.

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18.  The disclosure may be provided orally or in writing. The model form provided by Regulation B assists creditors in providing the written disclosure.

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19.  Recordkeeping and disclosure burden estimates for Regulation M are more substantial for motor vehicle leases than for other leases, including burden estimates based on market changes and regulatory definitions of coverage. Based on industry information, the estimates for recordkeeping and disclosure costs assume the following: 90% managerial, and 10% skilled technical. As noted above, for purposes of PRA burden calculations for Regulations B, E, M, and Z, and given the different types of motor vehicle dealers, the FTC is including in its estimates burden for all of them.

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20.  While Regulation Z also requires the creditor to provide a short written disclosure regarding the appraisal process for higher-priced mortgage loans, the disclosure is provided by the CFPB. As a result, it is not a “collection of information” for PRA purposes (see 5 CFR 1320.3(c)(2)). It is thus excluded from the burden estimates below.

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[FR Doc. 2018-06669 Filed 4-2-18; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6750-01-P