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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 156 Species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Palau, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are initiating 5-year status reviews for 156 species in Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Palau, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than July 6, 2018. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submit information on the Hutton tui chub and Nelson's checker-mallow (of Oregon and Washington) via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE 98th Ave., Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266.

Submit information on any of the 154 species in Hawaii, Palau, Guam, or the Northern Mariana Islands via U.S. mail to Field Supervisor; Attention: 5-Year Review; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3- 122 Honolulu, HI 96850; or by email to pifwo_admin@fws.gov.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For Hutton tui chub and Nelson's checker-mallow (of Oregon and Washington), contact Michele Zwartjes, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, at 503-231-6179.

For the 154 species in Hawaii, Palau, Guam, or the Northern Mariana Islands, contact Gregory Koob, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at 808-792-9400.

Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for these species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the 156 species listed in the table below.Start Printed Page 20089

Common nameScientific nameStatusKnown range of species occurrenceFinal listing rule and publication date
Animals
Mammals
Pacific sheath-tailed bat (Mariana subspecies) (Payeyi, Paischeey)Emballonura semicaudata rotensisEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Mariana fruit batPteropus mariannus mariannusThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984; 70 FR 1190, 1/6/2005.
Little Mariana fruit batPteropus tokudaeEndangeredGuam49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984.
Birds
Nightingale reed warblerAcrocephalus lusciniaEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands35 FR 8491, 6/2/1970; 35 FR 18319, 12/2/1970.
Mariana gray swiftletAerodramus vanikorensis bartschiEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands, Hawaii49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984.
Hawaiian crow (Alala)Corvus hawaiiensisEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Mariana crow (Aga)Corvus kubaryiEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984.
Mariana common moorhenGallinula chloropus guamiEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984.
AkiapolaauHemignathus wilsoniEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Hawaii akepaLoxops coccineusEndangeredHawaii35 FR 16047, 10/13/1970.
Micronesian megapodeMegapodius laperouseEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau35 FR 8491, 6/2/1970.
Hawaii creeperOreomystis manaEndangeredHawaii40 FR 44149, 9/25/1975.
Guam railRallus owstoniEndangeredGuam49 FR 14354, 4/11/1984; 49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984; 54 FR 43966, 10/30/1989.
Guam kingfisherTodiramphus cinnamominusEndangeredGuam49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984; 69 FR 62943, 10/28/2004.
Bridled white-eyeZosterops conspicillatus conspicillatusEndangeredGuam49 FR 33881, 8/27/1984.
Rota bridled white-eyeZosterops rotensisEndangeredNorthern Mariana Islands69 FR 3022, 1/22/2004.
Reptiles
Slevin's skinkEmoia sleviniEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Fishes
Hutton tui chubGila bicolor ssp.ThreatenedOregon50 FR 12302, 3/28/1985.
Snails
Newcomb's tree snailNewcombia cumingiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Humped tree snail (Akaleha, Denden)Partula gibbaEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Langford's tree snail (Akaleha, Denden)Partula langfordiEndangeredNorthern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Guam tree snail (Akaleha, Denden)Partula radiolataEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Lanai tree snailPartulina semicarinataEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Lanai tree snailPartulina variabilisEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Fragile tree snail (Akaleha dogas, Denden)Samoana fragilisEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Crustaceans
Anchialine pool shrimpProcaris hawaianaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
Anchialine pool shrimpVetericaris chaceorumEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
Insects
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila digressaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila heteroneuraEndangeredHawaii71 FR 26835, 5/9/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila mulliThreatenedHawaii71 FR 26835, 5/9/2006.
Hawaiian picture-wing flyDrosophila ochrobasisEndangeredHawaii71 FR 26835, 5/9/2006.
Rota blue damselfly (Dulalas Luta, Dulalas Luuta)Ischnura lutaEndangeredNorthern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
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Mariana wandering butterfly (Ababbang, Libweibwogh)Vagrans egistinaEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Plants
Flowering Plants
LiliwaiAcaena exiguaEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20772, 5/15/1992.
No common nameAchyranthes muticaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
Round-leaved chaff-flowerAchyranthes splendens var. rotundataEndangeredHawaii51 FR 10518, 3/26/1986.
Mauna Loa silversword (Kau)Argyroxiphium kauenseEndangeredHawaii58 FR 18029, 4/7/1993.
AhinahinaArgyroxiphium sandwicense ssp. sandwicenseEndangeredHawaii51 FR 9814, 3/1/1986.
KookoolauBidens campylotheca pentameraEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KookoolauBidens campylotheca waihoiensisEndangeredHawaii8 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KookoolauBidens conjunctaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameBidens hillebrandiana ssp. hillebrandianaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KookoolauBidens micrantha ctenophyllaEndangeredHawaii8 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
Siboyas halumtanu, Siboyan halom tanoBulbophyllum guamenseThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Oha waiClermontia drepanomorphaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
Oha waiClermontia lindseyanaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Oha waiClermontia peleanaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Oha waiClermontia pyrulariaEndangeredHawaii9 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
HahaCyanea asplenifoliaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea copelandii ssp. copelandiiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
HahaCyanea duvalliorumEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea hamatiflora ssp. carlsoniiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Nui, HahaCyanea horridaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea kunthianaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea maritaeEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea marksiiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
HahaCyanea mauiensisEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea munroiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea obtusaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
AkuakuCyanea platyphyllaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
No common nameCyanea profugaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea shipmaniiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
PopoloCyanea solanaceaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HahaCyanea stictophyllaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
HahaCyanea tritomanthaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
FadangCycas micronesicaThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameCyperus faurieiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
PuukaaCyperus trachysanthosEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
HaiwaleCyrtandra ferripilosaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HaiwaleCyrtandra filipesEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HaiwaleCyrtandra giffardiiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common nameCyrtandra nanawaleensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra oxybaphaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
HaiwaleCyrtandra tintinnabulaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common nameCyrtandra wagneriEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
No common nameDelissea undulataEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53124, 10/10/1996.
No common nameDendrobium guamenseThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameEugenia bryaniiEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameFestuca molokaiensisEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
NohoanuGeranium hanaenseEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
NohoanuGeranium hillebrandiiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameGouania vitifoliaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 32932, 6/27/1994.
HonohonoHaplostachys haplostachyaEndangeredHawaii44 FR 62468, 10/30/1979.
PaudedoHedyotis megalanthaEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Ufa-halomtanoHeritiera longipetiolataEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameHesperomannia arbusculaEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
Hau kuahiwiHibiscadelphus giffardianusEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
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Hau kuahiwiHibiscadelphus hualalaiensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
AupakaIsodendrion hosakaeEndangeredHawaii56 FR 1454, 1/14/1991.
KioeleKadua coriaceaEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20772, 5/15/1992.
Kohe malama malama o kanaloaKanaloa kahoolawensisEndangeredHawaii64 FR 48307, 9/3/1999.
Koki`oKokia drynarioidesEndangeredHawaii49 FR 47397, 12/4/1984.
No common nameLepidium orbiculareEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameLipochaeta venosaEndangeredHawaii44 FR 62468, 10/30/1979.
No common nameMaesa walkeriThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
AlaniMelicope zahlbruckneriEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
Sea beanMucuna sloanei var. persericeaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KoleaMyrsine vaccinioidesEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameNeraudia ovataEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
No common nameNervilia jacksoniaeThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameNesogenes rotensisEndangeredNorthern Mariana Islands69 FR 18499; 04/08/2004.
AieaNothocestrum breviflorumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
KuluiNototrichium humileEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
No common nameOsmoxylon mariannenseEndangeredNorthern Mariana Islands69 FR 18499; 04/08/2004.
Ala ala wai nuiPeperomia subpetiolataEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common namePhyllanthus saffordiiEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common namePhyllostegia bracteataEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common namePhyllostegia floribundaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
No common namePhyllostegia haliakalaeEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common namePhyllostegia helleriEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common namePhyllostegia pilosaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
KiponaponaPhyllostegia racemosaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia stachyoidesEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common namePhyllostegia velutinaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia warshaueriEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
No common namePittosporum halophilumEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common namePittosporum hawaiienseEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
Kuahiwi laukahiPlantago hawaiensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common namePlatydesma remyiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
Hala pepePleomele fernaldiiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Hala pepePleomele hawaiiensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
PoePortulaca sclerocarpaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
LouluPritchardia lanigeraEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
LouluPritchardia maidenianaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
LouluPritchardia schattaueriEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
Aplokating-palaoanPsychotria malaspinaeEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameSchiedea diffusa ssp. macraeiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
MaolioliSchiedea hawaiiensisEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
No common nameSchiedea jacobiiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameSchiedea lauiEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameSchiedea nuttalliiEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea salicariaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
Hayun lagu, Tronkon guafiSerianthes nelsoniiEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands52 FR 4907; 02/18/1997.
AnunuSicyos albusEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
Nelson's checker-mallowSidalcea nelsonianaThreatenedOregon, Washington58 FR 8235, 2/12/1993.
No common nameSilene hawaiiensisThreatenedHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
Halomtano, BerenghenasSolanum guamenseEndangeredGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Popolo ku maiSolanum incompletumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 10/10/1994.
No common nameStenogyne angustifolia var. angustifoliaEndangeredHawaii44 FR 62468, 10/30/1979.
No common nameStenogyne cranwelliaeEndangeredHawaii78 FR 64637, 10/29/2013.
No common nameStenogyne kaalae ssp. sherffiiEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameStenogyne kauaulaensisEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
No common nameTabernaemontana rotensisThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameTetramolopium arenariumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 10305, 3/4/1994.
No common nameTetramolopium lepidotum ssp. lepidotumEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
No common nameTinospora homosepalaEndangeredGuam80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
No common nameTuberolabium guamenseThreatenedGuam, Northern Mariana Islands80 FR 59423, 10/1/2015.
Hawaiian vetchVicia menziesiiEndangeredHawaii43 FR 17910, 4/26/1978.
No common nameVigna o-wahuensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56333, 11/10/1994.
No common nameWikstroemia skottsbergianaEndangeredHawaii81 FR 67786, 9/30/2016.
No common nameWikstroemia villosaEndangeredHawaii78 FR 32013, 5/28/2013.
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AeZanthoxylum dipetalum var. tomentosumEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53137, 10/10/1996.
Ferns and Allies
No common nameAsplenium peruvianum var. insulareEndangeredHawaii59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.
No common nameDiplazium molokaienseEndangeredHawaii59 FR 49025, 9/26/1994.
WawaeioleHuperzia manniiEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20772, 5/15/1992.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for any species listed in the table, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in ADDRESSES.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews addressing species for which the Pacific Region of the Service has lead responsibility is available at http://www.fws.gov/​pacific/​ecoservices/​endangered/​recovery/​5year.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Theresa E. Rabot,

Acting Regional Director, Pacific Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2018-09603 Filed 5-4-18; 8:45 am]

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