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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 50 Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), are initiating 5-year status reviews of 50 species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than August 17, 2018. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

For how and where to send information, see Request for New Information.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For whom to contact for species-specific information, see Request for New Information. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for the species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the species listed in the table below.Start Printed Page 28252

Common nameScientific nameStatusStates where the species is known to occurFinal Listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Lead Fish and Wildlife Office
Animals
Butterfly, Lange's metalmarkApodemia mormo langeiEndangeredCalifornia41 FR 22041 22044; 6/1/1976San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, Smith's blueEuphilotes enoptes smithiEndangeredCalifornia41 FR 22041 22044; 6/1/1976Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Cuckoo, yellow-billedCoccyzus americanusThreatenedWestern U.S. distinct population segment (DPS): Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, as well as Canada and Mexico79 FR 59991 60038; 10/03/2014Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Frog, California red-leggedRana draytoniiThreatenedCalifornia61 FR 25813 25833; 5/23/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Frog, mountain yellow-leggedRana muscosaEndangeredSouthern California DPS: California67 FR 44382 44392; 7/2/2002Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Goby, tidewaterEucyclogobius newberryiEndangeredCalifornia59 FR 5494 5499; 2/4/1994Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, Stephens'Dipodomys stephensi (incl. D. cascus)EndangeredCalifornia53 FR 38465 38469; 9/30/1988Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mountain beaver, Point ArenaAplodontia rufa nigraEndangeredCalifornia56 FR 64716 64723; 12/12/1991Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mouse, Pacific pocketPerognathus longimembris pacificusEndangeredCalifornia59 FR 49752 49764; 9/29/1994Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Plover, western snowyCharadrius alexandrinus nivosusThreatenedPacific Coast population DPS: California, Oregon, Washington, Mexico (within 50 miles of Pacific coast)58 FR 12864 12874; 3/5/1993Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Poolfish, PahrumpEmpetrichthys latosEndangeredNevada32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Rail, California clapperRallus longirostris obsoletusEndangeredCalifornia35 FR 16047 16048; 10/13/1970San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sheep, Sierra Nevada bighornOvis canadensis sierraeEndangeredCalifornia64 FR 19300 19309; 4/20/1999Reno Fish and Wildlife Office.
Skipper, Laguna MountainsPyrgus ruralis lagunaeEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 2313 2322; 1/16/1997Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Snail, Morro shoulderband (=Banded dune)Helminthoglypta walkerianaEndangeredCalifornia59 FR 64613 64623; 12/15/1994Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sucker, Lost RiverDeltistes luxatusEndangeredCalifornia, Oregon53 FR 27130 27134; 7/18/1988Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sucker, shortnoseChasmistes brevirostrisEndangeredCalifornia, Oregon53 FR 27130 27134; 7/18/1988Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office.
Tern, California leastSterna antillarum browniEndangeredArizona, California35 FR 8491 8498; 6/2/1970Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Towhee, Inyo CaliforniaPipilo crissalis eremophilusThreatenedCalifornia52 FR 28780 28786; 8/3/1987Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Plants
Bedstraw, El DoradoGalium californicum ssp. sierraeEndangeredCalifornia61 FR 54346 54358; 10/18/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Bedstraw, islandGalium buxifoliumEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 40954 40974; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Bird's-beak, Pennell'sCordylanthus tenuis ssp. capillarisEndangeredCalifornia60 FR 6671 6685; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Bluegrass, San BernardinoPoa atropurpureaEndangeredCalifornia63 FR 49006 49022; 9/14/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterweed, Layne'sSenecio layneaeThreatenedCalifornia61 FR 54346 54358; 10/18/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Ceanothus, Pine HillCeanothus roderickiiEndangeredCalifornia61 FR 54346 54358; 10/18/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Checker-mallow, Kenwood MarshSidalcea oregana ssp. validaEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 54791 54808; 10/22/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Clarkia, Vine HillClarkia imbricataEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 54791 54808; 10/22/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Crownbeard, big-leavedVerbesina dissitaThreatenedCalifornia, Mexico61 FR 52370 52384; 10/7/1996Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Evening-primrose, San BenitoCamissonia benitensisThreatenedCalifornia50 FR 5755 5759; 2/12/1985Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Flannelbush, Pine HillFremontodendron californicum ssp. decumbensEndangeredCalifornia61 FR 54346 54358; 10/18/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Goldfields, Burke'sLasthenia burkeiEndangeredCalifornia56 FR 61173 61182; 12/2/1991Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Larkspur, Baker'sDelphinium bakeriEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 4156 4162; 1/26/2000Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Larkspur, yellowDelphinium luteumEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 4156 4162; 1/26/2000Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
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Lily, Pitkin MarshLilium pardalinum ssp. pitkinenseEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 54791 54808; 10/22/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Lily, WesternLilium occidentaleEndangeredCalifornia, Oregon59 FR 42171 42176; 8/17/1994Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Lupine, Nipomo MesaLupinus nipomensisEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 14888 14898; 3/20/2000Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Meadowfoam, SebastopolLimnanthes vinculansEndangeredCalifornia56 FR 61173 61182; 12/2/1991Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, Applegate'sAstragalus applegateiEndangeredCalifornia, Oregon58 FR 40547 40551; 7/28/1993Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, Clara Hunt'sAstragalus clarianusEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 54791 54808; 10/22/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, Peirson's.Astragalus magdalenae var. peirsoniiThreatenedCalifornia63 FR 53596 53615; 10/6/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Morning-glory, Stebbins'Calystegia stebbinsiiEndangeredCalifornia61 FR 54346 54358; 10/18/1996Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mountainbalm, Indian KnobEriodictyon altissimumEndangeredCalifornia59 FR 64613 64623; 12/15/1994Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Penny-cress, Kneeland PrairieThlaspi californicumEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 6332 6338; 2/9/2000Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Phlox, YrekaPhlox hirsutaEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 5268 5275; 2/3/2000Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office.
Rush-rose, islandHelianthemum greeneiThreatenedCalifornia62 FR 40954 40974; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sedge, whiteCarex albidaEndangeredCalifornia62 FR 54791 54808; 10/22/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spineflower, Howell'sChorizanthe howelliiEndangeredCalifornia57 FR 27848 27859; 6/22/1992Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spineflower, Scotts ValleyChorizanthe robusta var. hartwegiiEndangeredCalifornia59 FR 5499 5510; 2/4/1994Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sunshine, SonomaBlennosperma bakeriEndangeredCalifornia56 FR 61173 61182; 12/2/1991Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Thistle, La GraciosaCirsium loncholepisEndangeredCalifornia65 FR 14888 14898; 3/20/2000Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.

What is a Distinct Population Segment?

Yellow-billed cuckoo, mountain yellow-legged frog, and western snowy plover were each listed as a Distinct Population Segment (DPS) of a vertebrate taxon. A DPS is defined in the February 7, 1996, Policy Regarding the Recognition of Distinct Vertebrate Population Segments (61 FR 4722). For a population to be listed under the Act as a distinct vertebrate population segment, three elements are considered: (1) The discreteness of the population segment in relation to the remainder of the species to which it belongs; (2) the significance of the population segment to the species to which it belongs; and (3) the population segment's conservation status in relation to the Act's standards for listing (i.e., is the population segment endangered or threatened?). Distinct population segments of vertebrate species, as well as subspecies of all listed species, may be proposed for separate reclassification or for removal from the list. We will apply the DPS policy during the 5-year review.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

To get more information on a species, submit information on a species; or review information we receive, please use the following contact information, depending on the Lead Fish and Wildlife Office for the species specified in the table above.

Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office: Kathleen Brubaker, 707-822-7201 (phone); Kathleen_brubaker@fws.gov (email); or 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 952121 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office: Bradd Baskerville-Bridges, 760-431-9440 (phone); fw8cfwocomments@fws.gov (email); or 2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250, Carlsbad, CA 92008 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Klamath Falls Fish and Wildlife Office: Daniel Blake, 541-885-2512 (phone); daniel_blake@fws.gov (email); or 1936 California Ave., Klamath Falls, OR 97601 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Reno Fish and Wildlife Office: Erin Nordin, 760-872-5020 (phone); erin_nordin@fws.gov (email); or 351 Pacu Lane, Bishop, California 93514 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office: Josh Hull, 916-414-6742 (phone); josh_hull@fws.gov (email); or 2800 Cottage Way, Suite W2605, Sacramento, California 95825 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office: Steven Detwiler, 916-930-2640 (phone); steven_detwiler@fws.gov (email); or 650 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, CA 95814 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office: James Harter, 702-515-5230 (phone); james_harter@fws.gov (email; or 4701 N. Torrey Pines Dr., Las Vegas, NV 89130 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office: Cat Darst, 805-677-3318 (phone); cat_darst@fws.gov (email); or 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura CA 93003 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);Start Printed Page 28254

Yreka Fish and Wildlife Office: Nadine Kanim, 530-841-3108 (phone); nadine_kanim@fws.gov (email); or 1829 S Oregon Street, Yreka, California 96097 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Jody Holzworth,

Acting Regional Director, Pacific Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2018-12974 Filed 6-15-18; 8:45 am]

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