Skip to Content


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; South Dakota; Revisions to the Permitting Rules

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Final rule.


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to approve State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017 related to South Dakota's Air Pollution Control Program. The October 4, 2017 submittal revises certain definitions and dates of incorporation by reference and contains new, amended and renumbered rules. In this rulemaking, we are taking final action on all portions of the October 4, 2017 submittal, except for those portions of the submittal which do not belong in the SIP. This action is being taken under section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA).


This final rule is effective on July 26, 2018.


The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R08-OAR-2018-0148. All documents in the docket are listed on the website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through, or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional available information.

Start Further Info


Kevin Leone, Air Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8, Mailcode 8P-AR, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, (303) 312-6227,

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


I. Background

The EPA is taking final action to approve all revisions as submitted by the State of South Dakota on October 4, 2017, with the exception of the revisions that we are not acting on, as outlined in section II.A. of our proposed rulemaking published on April 27, 2018 (83 FR 18496).

We provided a detailed explanation of the bases for our proposed approval in our April 27, 2018 rulemaking, which will not be restated here. See 83 FR 18496. We invited comment on all aspects of our proposal and provided a 30-day comment period. The comment period ended on May 29, 2018.

In this action, we are responding to the comments we received and taking final rulemaking action on the rules from the State's October 4, 2017, submittal.

II. Brief Discussion of Statutory and Regulatory Requirements

The changes we are taking final action to approve are consistent with the CAA and EPA regulations. Specifically:

1. CAA section 110(a)(2)(C), requires each state plan to include “a program to provide for . . . the regulation of the modification and construction of any stationary source within the areas covered by the plan as necessary to assure that the [NAAQS] are achieved, including a permit program as required in parts C and D of this subchapter.”

2. CAA section 110(a)(2)(A), requires that SIPs contain enforceable emissions limitations and other control measures. Under section CAA section 110(a)(2), the enforceability requirement in section 110(a)(2)(A) applies to all plans submitted by a state. Chapter 6, Section 13 creates enforceable obligations for sources by removing phrases such as “the plan shall provide” and “the plan may provide.”

In addition, the CAA (section 110(a)(2)(C)) and 40 CFR 51.160 requires states to have legally enforceable procedures to prevent construction or modification of a source if it would violate any SIP control strategies or interfere with attainment or maintenance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). Such minor NSR programs are for pollutants from stationary sources that do not require Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) or nonattainment new source review (NNSR) permits. States may customize the requirements of the minor NSR program as long as their program meets minimum requirements.

Section 110(l) of the CAA states: “[e]ach revision to an implementation plan submitted by a State under this Act shall be adopted by such State after reasonable notice and public hearing. The Administrator shall not approve a revision to a plan if the revision would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment and reasonable further progress (as defined in section 171), or any other applicable requirement of this chapter.” South Dakota's new revisions to ARSD 74:36 will not interfere with attainment, reasonable further progress (RFP), or Start Printed Page 29699any other applicable requirement of the CAA.

III. Response to Comments

We received three comments during the public comment period. The comments were not related to the EPA's proposed rulemaking for South Dakota's permitting program changes which was published on April 27, 2018. As such, we are not providing a response to the comments.

IV. Final Action

As outlined in our proposed rulemaking, the EPA finds that the addition of new, revised and removed rules to ARSD 74:36 will not interfere with attainment or maintenance of any of the NAAQS in the State of South Dakota and would not interfere with any other applicable requirement of the Act or the EPA regulations; and thus, are approvable under CAA section 110(l). Therefore, we are taking final action to approve South Dakota's revisions as submitted on October 4, 2017.

Specifically, we are taking final action to approve the following revisions: 74:36:01:01 (Definitions)— 74:36:01:01(8), 74:36:01:01(29), 74:36:01:01(67), 74:36:01:05(1) and 74:36:01:20(5), (7), and (8); 74:36:02 (Ambient Air Quality)—74:36:02:02, 74:36:02:03, 74:36:02:04 and 74:36:02:05; 74:36:03 (Air Quality Episodes)—74:36:03:01 and 74:36:03:02; 74:36:04 (Operating Permits for Minor Sources)—74:36:04:04; 74:36:06 (Regulated Air Pollutant Emissions)—74:36:06:07; 74:36:09 (Prevention of Significant Deterioration)— 74:36:09:02 and 74:36:09:03; 74:36:10 (New Source Review)— 74:36:10:02, 74:36:10:03.01, 74:36:10:05, 74:36:10:07 and 74:36:10:08; 74:36:11 (Performance Testing)—74:36:11:01; 74:36:12 (Control of Visible Emissions)—74:36:12:01 and 74:36:12:03; 74:36:18 (Regulations for State Facilities in the Rapid City Area)—74:36:18:10; 74:36:20 (Construction Permits for New Sources or Modifications)—74:36:20:05; 74:36:21 (Regional Haze Program)—74:36:21:02(8), 74:36:21:04, 74:36:21:05 and 74:36:21:09.

V. Incorporation by Reference

In this rule, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of the State of South Dakota's revisions to its state implementation plan as described in section IV. of this preamble. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through and at the EPA Region 8 Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information). Therefore, these materials have been approved by the EPA for inclusion in the State Implementation Plan, have been incorporated by reference by the EPA into that plan, are fully federally enforceable under sections 110 and 113 of the CAA as of the effective date of the final rulemaking of the EPA's approval, and will be incorporated by reference in the next update to the SIP compilation.[1]

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state actions, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves some state law provisions as meeting federal requirements; this action does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866;
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and
  • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, the SIP does not apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by August 27, 2018. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See CAA section 307(b)(2).)

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Incorporation by
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: June 20, 2018.

Douglas Benevento,

Regional Administrator, Region 8.

End Signature

40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

Start Part


End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority for citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority

Subpart QQ—South Dakota

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 52.2170(c) is amended by revising the table entries for: 74:36:01:01; 74:36:01:05; 74:36:01:20; 74:36:02:02; 74:36:02:03; 74:36:02:04; 74:36:02:05; 74:36:03:01; 74:36:03:02; 74:36:04:04; 74:36:06:07; 74:36:09:02; 74:36:09:03; 74:36:10:02; 74:36:10:03.01; 74:36:10:05; 74:36:10:07; 74:36:10:08; 74:36:11:01; 74:36:12:01; 74:36:12:03; 74:36:18:10; 74:36:20:05; 74:36:21:02; 74:36:21:04; 74:36:21:05; and 74:36:21:09 to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

Rule No.Rule titleState effective dateEPA effective dateFinal rule citation, dateComments
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:01 Definitions
74:36:01:01Definitions9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018Except for 74:36:01:01.(73).
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:01:05Applicable requirements of the Clean Air Act defined9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:01:20Physical change in or change in the method of operation defined9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:02 Ambient Air Quality
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:02:02Ambient air quality standards9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:02:03Methods of sampling and analysis9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:02:04Ambient air monitoring network9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:02:05Air quality monitoring requirements9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:03 Air Quality Episodes
74:36:03:01Air pollution emergency episode9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:03:02Episode emergency contingency plan9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:04 Operating Permits for Minor Sources
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:04:04Standard for issuance of a minor source operating permit9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:06 Regulated Air Pollutant Emissions
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:06:07Open burning practices prohibited9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
Start Printed Page 29701
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:09 Prevention of Significant Deterioration
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:09:02Prevention of significant deterioration9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018Except for 74:36:09:02.(10).
74:36:09:03Public participation9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:10 New Source Review
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:10:02Definitions9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:10:03.01New source review preconstruction permit required9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:10:05New source review preconstruction permit required9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:10:07Determining credit for emissions Offsets9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:10:08Projected actual emissions9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:11 Performance Testing
74:36:11:01Stack performance testing or other testing methods9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:12 Control of Visible Emissions
74:36:12:01Restrictions on visible emissions9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:12:03Exceptions granted to alfalfa pelletizers or dehydrators9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:18 Regulations for State Facilities in the Rapid City Area
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:18:10Visible emission limit for construction and continuous operation activities9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:20 Construction Permits for New Sources Or Modifications
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:20:05Standard for issuance of construction permit9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
Start Printed Page 29702
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:21 Regional Haze Program
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:21:02Definitions9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:21:04Visibility impact analysis9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
74:36:21:05BART determination9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
74:36:21:09Monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting9/13/20177/26/2018[Insert Federal Register citation], 6/26/2018
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
End Supplemental Information


1.  62 FR 27968 (May 22, 1997).

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 2018-13598 Filed 6-25-18; 8:45 am]