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Rule

Migratory Bird Hunting; Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds

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Start Preamble Start Printed Page 40392

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for migratory game birds. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2018-19 season.

DATES:

This rule takes effect on August 14, 2018.

ADDRESSES:

You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office at 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, Virginia. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's website at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2017-0028.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Regulations Schedule for 2018

On August 3, 2017, we published a proposal to amend title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at part 20 (82 FR 36308). The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2018-19 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were also identified in the August 3, 2017, proposed rule.

The August 3, 2017, proposed rule also provided detailed information on the proposed 2018-19 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and Flyway Council meetings.

On October 3, 2017, we published in the Federal Register (82 FR 46011) a second document providing supplemental proposals for migratory bird hunting regulations. The October 3 supplement also provided detailed information on the 2018-19 regulatory schedule and re-announced the SRC meetings. On October 17-18, 2017, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council consultants, at which the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory game birds and developed recommendations for the 2018-19 regulations for these species. On February 2, 2018, we published in the Federal Register (83 FR 4964) the proposed frameworks for the 2018-19 season migratory bird hunting regulations. On June 4, 2018, we published in the Federal Register (83 FR 25738) final season frameworks for migratory game bird hunting regulations, from which State wildlife conservation agency officials selected season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits for 2018-19 seasons.

The final rule described here is the final in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations for 2018-19, and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for migratory game bird species. This final rule is the culmination of the rulemaking process for the migratory game bird hunting seasons, which started with the August 3, 2017, proposed rule. As discussed elsewhere in this document, we supplemented that proposal on October 3, 2017, and February 2, 2018, and published final season frameworks on June 4, 2018, that provided the season selection criteria from which the States selected these seasons. This final rule sets the migratory game bird hunting seasons based on that input from the States. We previously addressed all comments in the June 4 Federal Register.

Required Determinations

Executive Order 13771—Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs

This action is not subject to Executive Order (E.O.) 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 3, 2017) because it establishes annual harvest limits related to routine hunting or fishing.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

The programmatic document, “Second Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (EIS 20130139),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on May 24, 2013, addresses NEPA (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) compliance by the Service for issuance of the annual framework regulations for hunting of migratory game bird species. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on May 31, 2013 (78 FR 32686), and our Record of Decision on July 26, 2013 (78 FR 45376). We also address NEPA compliance for waterfowl hunting frameworks through the annual preparation of separate environmental assessments, the most recent being “Duck Hunting Regulations for 2018-19,” with its corresponding May 2018 finding of no significant impact. The programmatic document, as well as the separate environmental assessment, is available on our website at https://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​pdf/​policies-and-regulations/​FSEISIssuanceofAnnualRegulations.pdf and http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2017-0028, respectively.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat. * * *.” Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks (83 FR 25738; June 4, 2018) reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.Start Printed Page 40393

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

E.O. 12866 provides that the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has reviewed this rule and has determined that this rule is significant because it will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy.

E.O. 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2018-19 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion under Regulatory Flexibility Act, below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2017-18 season, (2) issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2017-18 season. For the 2018-19 season, we chose Alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $334-$440 million with a mid-point estimate of $387 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10, the 2010-11, the 2011-12, the 2012-13, the 2013-14, the 2014-15, the 2015-16, the 2016-17, and the 2017-18 seasons. The 2018-19 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2017-0028.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, 2008, 2013, and 2018. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2018 Analysis was based on the 2011 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.5 billion at small businesses in 2018. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT) or from http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-HQ-MB-2017-0028.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This final rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we do not plan to defer the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. This rule does not contain any new collection of information that require approval by OMB under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). OMB has previously approved the information collection requirements associated with migratory bird surveys and the procedures for establishing annual migratory bird hunting seasons under the following OMB control numbers:

  • 1018-0019, “North American Woodcock Singing Ground Survey” (expires 6/30/2021).
  • 1018-0023, “Migratory Bird Surveys, 50 CFR 20.20” (expires 8/31/2020). Includes Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program, Migratory Bird Hunter Surveys, Sandhill Crane Survey, and Parts Collection Survey.
  • 1018-0171, “Establishment of Annual Migratory Bird Hunting Seasons, 50 CFR part 20” (expires 06/30/2021).

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of E.O. 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with E.O. 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduces restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

E.O. 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under E.O. 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action, and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the August 3, 2017, Federal Register (82 FR 36308), we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust Start Printed Page 40394lands, and ceded lands for the 2018-19 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a May 23, 2018 (83 FR 23869), proposed rule. By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with affected Tribes.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States through the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

Review of Public Comments

The preliminary proposed rulemaking (August 3, 2017; 82 FR 36308) opened the public comment period for 2018-19 migratory game bird hunting regulations. We previously addressed all comments in a June 4, 2018, Federal Register publication (83 FR 25738).

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting, by its nature, operates under a time constraint as seasons must be established each year or hunting seasons remain closed. However, we intend that the public be provided extensive opportunity for public input and involvement in compliance with Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. subchapter II) requirements. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment and the most opportunities for public involvement. We also provided notification of our participation in multiple Flyway Council meetings, opportunities for additional public review and comment on all Flyway Council proposals for regulatory change, and opportunities for additional public review during the Service Regulations Committee meeting. Therefore, we believe that sufficient public notice and opportunity for involvement have been given to affected persons.

Further, States need sufficient time to communicate these season selections to their affected publics, and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement these seasons. Thus, we find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

  • Exports
  • Hunting
  • Imports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Transportation
  • Wildlife
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: July 17, 2018.

Susan Combs,

Senior Advisor to the Secretary, Exercising the Authority of the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

End Signature

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 20—MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq., and 16 U.S.C. 742a-j.

End Authority

Note—

The following annual hunting regulations provided for by §§ 20.101 through 20.107 and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature.

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 20.101 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset.

CHECK COMMONWEALTH REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

(a) Puerto Rico.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Doves and Pigeons:
Zenaida, white-winged, and mourning doves (1)Sept. 1-Oct. 292020
Scaly-naped pigeonsClosed
DucksNov. 10-Dec. 17 & Jan. 12-Jan. 286 612 12
Common MoorhensNov. 10-Dec. 17 & Jan. 12-Jan. 286 612 12
Common SnipeNov. 10-Dec. 17 & Jan. 12-Jan. 288 816 16
(1) Not more than 10 Zenaida and 3 mourning doves in the aggregate.
Start Printed Page 40395

Restrictions: In Puerto Rico, the season is closed on the ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, purple gallinule, American coot, Caribbean coot, white-crowned pigeon, and plain pigeon.

Closed Areas: Closed areas are described in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

(b) Virgin Islands

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Zenaida dovesSept. 1-Sept. 301010
DucksCLOSED

Restrictions: In the Virgin Islands, the seasons are closed for ground or quail doves, pigeons, ruddy duck, white-cheeked pintail, West Indian whistling duck, fulvous whistling duck, masked duck, and all other ducks, and purple gallinule.

Closed Areas: Ruth Cay, just south of St. Croix, is closed to the hunting of migratory game birds. All Offshore Cays under jurisdiction of the Virgin Islands Government are closed to the hunting of migratory game birds.

Start Amendment Part

3. Section 20.102 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for Alaska.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset. Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Area seasonsDates
North ZoneSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Gulf Coast ZoneSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Southeast ZoneSept. 16-Dec. 31.
Pribilof and Aleutian Islands ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 22.
Kodiak ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 22.
AreaDaily bag and possession limits
Ducks (1)Canada Geese (2)(3)White Fronted Geese (4)(5)Light Geese (6)BrantEmperor Geese (7)(8)SnipeSandhill Cranes (9)
North Zone10-304-124-126-183-91-18-243-9
Gulf Coast Zone8-244-124-126-183-91-18-242-6
Southeast Zone7-214-124-126-183-91-18-242-6
Pribilof and Aleutian Islands Zone7-216-186-186-183-91-18-242-6
Kodiak Zone7-214-124-126-183-91-18-242-6
(1) The basic duck bag limits may include no more than 2 canvasbacks daily, and may not include sea ducks. In addition to the basic duck limits, the sea duck limit is 10 daily (singly or in the aggregate), including no more than 6 each of either harlequin or long-tailed ducks. Sea ducks include scoters, common and king eiders, harlequin ducks, long-tailed ducks, and common and red-breasted mergansers. The season for Steller's and spectacled eiders is closed.
(2) In Units 5 and 6, the taking of Canada geese is only permitted from September 28 through December 16. In the Middleton Island portion of Unit 6, the taking of Canada geese is by special permit only. The maximum number of Canada goose permits is 10 for the season. A mandatory goose- identification class is required. Hunters must check in and out. The daily bag and possession limit is 1. The season will close if harvest includes 5 dusky Canada geese. A dusky Canada goose is any dark-breasted Canada goose (Munsell 10 YR color value five or less) with a bill length between 40 and 50 millimeters.
(3) In Units 9, 10, 17, and 18, for Canada geese, the daily bag limit is 6 and the possession limit is 18.
(4) In Units 9, 10, and 17, for white-fronted geese, the daily bag limit is 6 and the possession limit is 18.
(5) In Unit 18, for white-fronted geese, the daily bag limit is 10 and the possession limit is 30.
(6) Light geese include snow geese and Ross's geese.
(7) In Unit 8, the Kodiak Island Roaded Area is closed to emperor goose hunting. The Kodiak Island Roaded Area consists of all lands and water (including exposed tidelands) east of a line extending from Crag Point in the north to the west end of Saltery Cove in the south and all lands and water south of a line extending from Termination Point along the north side of Cascade Lake extending to Anton Larsen Bay. Marine waters adjacent to the closed area are closed to harvest within 500 feet from the water's edge. The offshore islands are open to harvest, for example: Woody, Long, Gull and Puffin Islands.
(8) Emperor goose hunting is by State permit only; no more than 1 emperor goose may be harvested per hunter per season. Hunters will be required to file a harvest report with the State after harvesting an emperor goose. Total emperor goose harvest may not exceed 1,000 birds. See State regulations for specific dates, times, and conditions of permit hunts and closures.
(9) In Unit 17 of the North Zone, for sandhill cranes, the daily bag limit is 2 and the possession limit is 6.

Falconry: The total combined bag and possession limit for migratory game birds taken with the use of a raptor under a falconry permit is 3 per day, 9 in possession, and may not exceed a more restrictive limit for any species listed in this subsection.

Special Tundra Swan Season: In Units 17, 18, 22, and 23, there will be a tundra swan season from September 1 through October 31 with a season limit of 3 tundra swans per hunter. This season is by State permit only; hunters will be issued 1 permit allowing the take of up to 3 tundra swans. Hunters will be required to file a harvest report with the State after the season is completed. Up to 500 permits may be issued in Unit 18; 300 permits each in Units 22 and 23; and 200 permits in Unit 17.

Start Amendment Part

4. Section 20.103 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Start Printed Page 40396
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for doves and pigeons.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

(a) Doves

Note:

Unless otherwise noted, the seasons listed below are for mourning and white-winged doves. Daily bag and possession limits are in the aggregate for the two species.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
EASTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT
Alabama:
North Zone:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 8 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 9-Oct. 14 & Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Jan. 2715 15 1545 45 45
South Zone:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 15 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 16-Oct. 21 & Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Jan. 2715 15 1545 45 45
DelawareSept. 1-Oct. 1 & Nov. 19-Jan. 3115 1545 45
Florida:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 22-Oct. 141545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetNov. 10-Dec. 2 & Dec. 19-Jan. 3115 1545 45
Georgia:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 16 & Oct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 22-Jan. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Illinois (1)Sept. 1-Nov. 14 & Dec. 26-Jan. 915 1545 45
IndianaSept. 1-Oct. 14 & Nov. 1-Nov. 18 & Dec. 8-Jan. 415 15 1545 45 45
Kentucky:
11 a.m. to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Oct. 26 & Nov. 22-Dec. 2 & Dec. 22-Jan. 1315 15 1545 45 45
Louisiana:
North Zone:
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 1-Sept. 23 & Oct. 6-Nov. 11 & Dec. 16-Jan. 1415 15 1545 45 45
South Zone:
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 1-Sept. 9 & Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Dec. 16-Jan. 1415 15 1545 45 45
Maryland:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1-Oct. 201545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetOct. 27-Nov. 23 & Dec. 18-Jan. 1215 1545 45
Mississippi:
North ZoneSept. 1-Oct. 7 & Oct. 27-Nov. 7 & Dec. 22-Jan. 3115 15 1545 45 45
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 9 & Oct. 6-Nov. 7 & Dec. 15-Jan. 3115 15 1545 45 45
North CarolinaSept. 1-Oct. 6 & Nov. 17-Dec. 1 & Dec. 10-Jan. 3115 15 1545 45 45
OhioSept. 1-Nov. 4 & Dec. 15-Jan. 815 1545 45
Pennsylvania:
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 1-Nov. 24 Dec. 18-Jan. 515 1545 45
Start Printed Page 40397
Rhode Island:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 8-Oct. 71545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetOct. 20-Dec. 2 & Dec. 8-Dec. 2315 1545 45
South Carolina:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1-Sept. 31545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 4-Oct. 13 & Nov. 10-Nov. 24 & Dec. 15-Jan. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Tennessee:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Sept. 28 & Oct. 13-Nov. 4 & Dec. 8-Jan. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Virginia:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1 only1545
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Oct. 28 & Nov. 21-Nov. 28 & Dec. 22-Jan. 1415 15 1545 45 45
West Virginia:
12 noon to sunsetSept. 1 only1515
1/2 hour before sunrise to sunsetSept. 2-Oct. 13 & Oct. 29-Nov. 17 & Dec. 17-Jan. 1215 15 1545 45 45
WisconsinSept. 1-Nov. 291545
CENTRAL MANAGEMENT UNIT
ArkansasSept. 1-Oct. 28 & Dec. 15-Jan. 1515 1545 45
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 291545
IowaSept. 1-Nov. 291545
KansasSept. 1-Nov. 291545
MinnesotaSept. 1-Nov. 291545
MissouriSept. 1-Nov. 291545
MontanaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
NebraskaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
New Mexico:
North ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 291545
South ZoneSept. 1-Oct. 28 & Dec. 1-Jan. 115 1545 45
North DakotaSept. 1-Nov. 291545
OklahomaSept. 1-Oct. 31 & Dec. 1-Dec. 2915 1545 45
South DakotaSept. 1-Nov. 91545
Texas (2):
North ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 4 & Dec. 21-Jan. 1415 1545 45
Central ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 4 & Dec. 21-Jan. 1415 1545 45
South ZoneSept. 14-Oct. 30 & Dec. 14-Jan. 2115 1545 45
(Special Season)Sept. 1-Sept. 2 &1545
12 noon to sunsetSept. 8-Sept. 91545
WyomingSept. 1-Nov. 291545
WESTERN MANAGEMENT UNIT
Arizona (3)Sept. 1-Sept. 15 & Nov. 23-Jan. 615 1545 45
California (4)Sept. 1-Sept. 15 & Nov. 10-Dec. 2415 1545 45
IdahoSept. 1-Oct. 301545
NevadaSept. 1-Oct. 301545
OregonSept. 1-Oct. 301545
UtahSept. 1-Oct. 301545
WashingtonSept. 1-Oct. 301545
OTHER POPULATIONS
Hawaii (5)Nov. 4-Jan. 171030
(1) In Illinois, shooting hours are sunrise to sunset.
(2) In Texas, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be white-tipped doves with a maximum 90-day season. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit. During the special season in the Special White-winged Dove Area of the South Zone, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning, white-winged, and white-tipped doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be mourning doves and 2 may be white-tipped doves. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit.
(3) In Arizona, during September 1 through 15, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 10 may be white-winged doves. During November 23 through January 6, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning doves.Start Printed Page 40398
(4) In California, the daily bag limit is 15 mourning and white-winged doves in the aggregate, of which no more than 10 may be white-wing doves.
(5) In Hawaii, the season is only open on the islands of Hawaii and Maui. On the island of Hawaii, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning doves, spotted doves, and chestnut-bellied sandgrouse in the aggregate. On the island of Maui, the daily bag limit is 10 mourning doves. Shooting hours are from one-half hour before sunrise through one-half hour after sunset. See State regulations for additional restrictions on hunting dates and areas.

(b) Band-tailed Pigeons

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ArizonaOct. 5-Oct. 1826
California:
North ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 2326
South ZoneDec. 15-Dec. 2326
Colorado (1)Sept. 1-Sept. 1426
New Mexico (1):
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 1426
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 1426
OregonSept. 15-Sept. 2326
Utah (1)Sept. 1-Sept. 1426
WashingtonSept. 15-Sept. 2326
(1) Each band-tailed pigeon hunter must have a band-tailed pigeon hunting permit issued by the State.
Start Amendment Part

5. Section 20.104 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and snipe.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Sora and Virginia RailsClapper and King RailsWoodcockSnipe
Daily bag limit25 (1)15 (2)38.
Possession limit75 (1)45 (2)924.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut (3)Sept. 1-Nov.12Sept. 1-Nov. 12Oct. 22-Nov. 17 & Nov. 19-Dec. 12Oct. 22-Nov. 17 & Nov. 19-Dec. 12.
DelawareSept. 1-Nov. 21Sept. 1-Nov. 21Nov. 19-Nov. 24 & Dec. 15-Jan. 29Sept. 7-Nov. 24 & Dec. 15-Jan. 29.
FloridaSept. 1-Nov. 9Sept. 1-Nov. 9Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 1-Feb. 15.
GeorgiaSept. 21-Nov. 11 & Nov. 22-Dec. 9Sept. 21-Nov. 11 & Nov. 22-Dec. 9Dec. 8-Jan. 21Nov. 15-Feb. 28.
Maine (4)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 1-Nov. 21Sept. 1-Dec. 15.
Maryland (5)Sept. 1-Nov. 21Sept. 1-Nov. 21Oct. 24-Nov. 23 & Jan. 7-Jan. 26Sept. 29-Jan. 31.
Massachusetts (6)Sept. 1-Nov. 7ClosedOct. 4-Nov. 24Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
New HampshireClosedClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Sept. 15-Nov. 14.
New Jersey (7):
North ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 21Sept. 1-Nov. 21Oct. 20-Nov. 3 & Nov. 6 Dec. 1Sept. 15-Jan. 17.
South ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 21Sept. 1-Nov. 21Nov. 10-Dec. 1 & Dec. 13-Jan. 1Sept. 15-Jan. 17.
New York (8)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
North CarolinaSept. 1-Oct. 13 & Oct. 22-Nov. 28Sept. 1-Oct. 13 & Oct. 22-Nov. 28Dec. 8-Jan. 29Oct. 27-Feb. 28.
Pennsylvania (9)Sept. 1-Nov. 21ClosedOct. 13-Nov. 24 & Dec. 10-Dec. 18Oct. 13-Nov. 24 & Dec. 10-Dec. 18.
Rhode Island (10)Sept. 1-Nov. 9Sept. 1-Nov. 9Oct. 20-Dec. 3Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
South CarolinaOct. 5-Oct. 10 & Nov. 5-Jan. 7Oct. 5-Oct. 10 & Nov. 5-Jan. 7Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
VermontClosedClosedOct. 1-Nov. 14Oct. 1-Nov. 14.
VirginiaSept. 8-Nov. 16Sept. 8-Nov. 16Oct. 27-Nov. 2 & Dec. 8-Jan. 14Oct. 5-Oct. 8 & Oct. 21-Jan. 31.
West Virginia (11)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 13-Nov. 17 & Nov. 26-Dec. 4Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Nov. 23-Jan. 15Sept. 8-Sept. 23 & Nov. 23-Jan. 15Dec. 14-Jan. 27Nov. 10-Feb. 24.
Start Printed Page 40399
ArkansasSept. 8-Nov. 16ClosedNov. 3-Dec. 17Nov. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois (12)Sept. 8-Nov. 16ClosedOct. 20-Dec. 3Sept. 8-Dec. 23.
Indiana (13)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 15-Nov. 28Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
Iowa (14)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 6-Nov. 19Sept. 1-Nov. 30.
KentuckySept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 27-Nov. 9 & Nov. 12-Dec. 12Sept. 19-Oct. 28 & Nov. 22-Jan. 27.
LouisianaSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 2-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Feb. 28.
MichiganSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 1-Nov. 9.
MinnesotaSept. 1-Nov. 5ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 1-Nov. 5.
MississippiSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Nov. 23-Jan. 1Sept. 1-Sept. 30 & Nov. 23-Jan. 1Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
MissouriSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 15-Nov. 28Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
OhioSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 12-Nov. 25Sept. 1-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Jan. 4.
Tennessee:
Reelfoot ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedNov. 10-Dec. 24Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
State ZoneSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedNov. 10-Dec. 24Nov. 14-Feb. 28.
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 27ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 29-Nov. 27.
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2.
Miss. River RiverSept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Dec. 4ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Dec. 4.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
KansasSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 13-Nov. 26Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
MontanaClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Nebraska (15)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
New Mexico (16)Sept. 15-Nov. 23ClosedClosedOct. 13-Jan. 27.
North DakotaClosedClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 15-Dec. 2.
OklahomaSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedNov. 1-Dec. 15Oct. 1-Jan. 15.
South Dakota (17)ClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Oct. 31.
TexasSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 3-Dec. 26Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 3-Dec. 26Dec. 18-Jan. 31Oct. 27-Feb. 10.
WyomingSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona (18):
North ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 5-Jan. 13.
South ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 19-Jan. 27.
CaliforniaClosedClosedClosedOct. 20-Feb. 3.
ColoradoSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Idaho:
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Jan. 18.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Jan. 18.
Zone 3ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Jan. 25.
Zone 4ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Jan. 18.
MontanaClosedClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
Nevada:
Northeast ZoneClosedClosedClosedSept. 22-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 6.
Northwest ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 20.
South Zone (19)ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 27.
New MexicoSept. 15-Nov. 23ClosedClosedOct. 15-Jan. 29.
Oregon:
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedNov. 3-Feb. 17.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Nov. 28-Jan. 20.
Utah
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Jan. 19.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Jan. 26.
Washington:
East ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27.
West ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27.
WyomingSept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedClosedSept. 1-Dec. 16.
(1) The daily bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species.
(2) All daily bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. In Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 30 in possession.Start Printed Page 40400
(3) In Connecticut, the limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species. Limits for clapper and king rail are 10 daily and 30 in possession and may include no more than 1 king rail per day.
(4) In Maine, the daily bag and possession limit for sora and Virginia rails is 25.
(5) In Maryland, no more than 1 king rail may be taken per day.
(6) In Massachusetts, the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 15 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 30 in possession.
(7) In New Jersey, the season for king rail is closed by State regulation.
(8) In New York, the rail daily bag and possession limits are 8 and 24, respectively. Seasons for sora and Virginia rails and snipe are closed on Long Island.
(9) In Pennsylvania, the daily bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails, singly or in the aggregate, are 3 and 9, respectively.
(10) In Rhode Island, the sora and Virginia rails limits are 3 daily and 9 in possession, singly or in the aggregate; the clapper and king rail limits are 1 daily and 3 in possession, singly or in the aggregate; the snipe limits are 5 daily and 15 in possession.
(11) In West Virginia, the daily bag and possession limit for sora and Virginia rails is 25; the possession limit for snipe is 16.
(12) In Illinois, shooting hours are from sunrise to sunset.
(13) In Indiana, the season on Virginia rails is closed.
(14) In Iowa, the limits for sora and Virginia rails are 12 daily and 36 in possession.
(15) In Nebraska, the rail limits are 10 daily and 30 in possession.
(16) In New Mexico, in the Central Flyway portion of the State, the rail limits are 10 daily and 20 in possession.
(17) In South Dakota, the snipe limits are 5 daily and 15 in possession.
(18) In Arizona, Ashurst Lake in Unit 5B is closed to snipe hunting.
(19) In Nevada, the snipe season in that portion of the South Zone including the Moapa Valley to the confluence of the Muddy and Virgin rivers is only open October 27 through January 27.
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 20.105 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for waterfowl, coots, and gallinules.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

(a) Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
DelawareSept. 1-Nov. 211545
Florida (1)Sept. 1-Nov.91545
GeorgiaNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 2715 1545 45
New JerseySept. 1-Nov. 211030
New York:
Long IslandClosed
Remainder of StateSept. 1-Nov. 9824
North CarolinaSept. 1-Oct. 13 & Oct. 22-Nov. 2815 1545 45
PennsylvaniaSept. 1-Nov. 2139
South CarolinaOct. 5-Oct. 10 & Nov. 5-Jan. 715 1545 45
VirginiaSept. 8-Nov. 161545
West VirginiaOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Dec. 1-Jan. 2615 1530 30
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Nov. 23-Jan. 1515 1545 45
ArkansasSept. 1-Nov. 91545
KentuckySept. 1-Nov. 939
LouisianaSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 215 1545 45
MichiganSept. 1-Nov. 913
Minnesota (2):
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 201545
Central ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 6-Nov. 2515 1545 45
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 215 1545 45
MississippiSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Nov. 23-Jan. 115 1545 45
OhioSept. 1-Nov. 91545
Tennessee:Sept. 1-Nov. 91545
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 271530
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 215 1530 30
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Dec. 415 1530 30
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Start Printed Page 40401
New Mexico:
Zone 1Sept. 15-Nov. 2313
Zone 2Sept. 15-Nov. 2313
OklahomaSept. 1-Nov. 91545
TexasSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 3-Dec. 2615 1545 45
PACIFIC FLYWAY
All StatesSeasons are in aggregate with coots and listed in paragraph (e).
(1) The season applies to common moorhens only.
(2) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 45 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

(b) Special Sea Duck Seasons (Scoters, Eiders, and Long-Tailed Ducks in Atlantic Flyway)

Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 5 scoters, eiders, and long-tailed ducks in the aggregate, including no more than 4 scoters, 4 eiders, and 4 long-tailed ducks. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck bag limits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ConnecticutNov. 12-Jan. 19515
DelawareNov. 19-Jan. 26515
GeorgiaNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 275 515 15
MaineNov. 12-Jan. 19515
MarylandNov. 3-Jan. 11515
Massachusetts (1)Nov. 19-Jan. 26515
New HampshireNov. 15-Jan. 13515
New JerseyNov. 3-Jan. 11515
North CarolinaNov. 19-Jan. 26515
Rhode IslandNov. 22-Jan. 20515
South CarolinaNov. 17-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 275 515 15
VirginiaNov. 10-Jan. 8515
Note: Notwithstanding the provisions of this Part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted in Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia in those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas.
(1) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may not include more than 1 hen eider. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limit.

(c) Early (September) Duck Seasons.

Note:

Unless otherwise specified, the seasons listed below are for teal only.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Bag
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware (1)Sept. 12-Sept. 29618
Florida (2)Sept. 22-Sept. 30618
GeorgiaSept. 8-Sept. 23618
Maryland (1)Sept. 17-Sept. 29618
North Carolina (1)Sept. 12-Sept. 29618
South Carolina (3)Sept. 15-Sept. 30618
Virginia (1)Sept. 17-Sept. 30618
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
AlabamaSept. 8-Sept. 23618
Arkansas (3)Sept. 15-Sept. 30618
Illinois (3)Sept. 8-Sept. 23618
Indiana (3)Sept. 8-Sept. 23618
Iowa (3):Sept. 1-Sept. 16618
Kentucky (2)Sept. 15-Sept. 23618
Start Printed Page 40402
LouisianaSept. 15-Sept. 30618
MichiganSept. 1-Sept. 16618
MississippiSept. 15-Sept. 30618
Missouri (3)Sept. 8-Sept. 23618
Ohio (3)Sept. 1-Sept. 16618
Tennessee (2)Sept. 8-Sept. 16618
WisconsinSept.1-Sept. 7618
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Colorado (1)Sept. 8-Sept. 16618
Kansas:
Low PlainsSept. 8-Sept. 23618
High PlainsSept. 15-Sept. 23618
Nebraska (1):
Low PlainsSept. 1-Sept. 16618
High PlainsSept. 1-Sept. 9618
New MexicoSept. 15-Sept. 23618
OklahomaSept. 15-Sept. 30618
Texas:
High PlainsSept. 15-Sept. 30618
Rest of StateSept. 15-Sept. 30618
(1) Area restrictions. See State regulations.
(2) In Florida, Kentucky, and Tennessee, the daily bag limit for the first 5 days of the season is 6 wood ducks and teal in the aggregate, of which no more than 2 may be wood ducks. During the last 4 days of the season, the daily bag limit is 6 teal only. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
(3) Shooting hours are from sunrise to sunset.

(d) Special Early Canada Goose Seasons

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut (1):
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 291545
South ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 291545
DelawareSept. 1-Sept. 251545
FloridaSept. 1-Sept. 30515
GeorgiaSept. 1-Sept. 30515
Maine:
Northern ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 25618
Southern ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251030
Coastal ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251030
Maryland (1)(2):
Eastern UnitSept. 1-Sept. 15824
Western UnitSept. 1-Sept. 25824
Massachusetts:
Central ZoneSept. 4-Sept. 211545
Coastal ZoneSept. 4-Sept. 211545
Western ZoneSept. 4-Sept. 211545
New HampshireSept. 1-Sept. 25515
New Jersey (1)(2)(3)Sept. 1-Sept. 291545
New York (4):
Lake Champlain ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 25824
Northeastern ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
East Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
Hudson Valley ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
West Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 251545
Western Long Island ZoneClosed
Central Long Island ZoneSept. 4-Sept. 301545
Eastern Long Island ZoneSept. 4-Sept. 301545
North Carolina (5)(6)Sept. 1-Sept. 291545
Pennsylvania (7):
SJBP Zone (8)Sept. 1-Sept. 2513
Rest of State (9)Sept. 1-Sept. 25824
Rhode Island (1)Sept. 1-Sept. 301545
South CarolinaSept. 1-Sept. 301545
Vermont:
Lake Champlain ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 25824
Interior Vermont ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 25824
Start Printed Page 40403
Connecticut River Zone (10)Sept. 1-Sept. 25515
Virginia (11)Sept. 1-Sept. 251030
West VirginiaSept. 1-Sept. 8515
CENTRAL FLYWAY
North Dakota:
Missouri River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 71545
Western ND Canada Goose ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 151545
Remainder of StateSept. 1-Sept. 211545
OklahomaSept. 15-Sept. 24824
South Dakota (12)Sept. 1-Sept. 30824
Texas
East ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 30515
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ColoradoSept. 1-Sept. 9412
Idaho
Zone 4Sept. 1-Sept. 15515
Oregon:
Northwest Permit ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 16515
Southwest ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 12515
Eastern ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 12515
Klamath County ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 12515
Harney and Lake County ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 12515
Malheur County ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 12515
Washington:
Areas 1 & 3Sept. 8-Sept. 13515
Areas 2 Inland & 2 Coast (13)Sept. 1-Sept. 9515
Area 4 & 5Sept. 8-Sept. 9510
Wyoming:
Teton County ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 8412
Balance of State ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 8412
(1) Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset.
(2) The use of shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells is allowed.
(3) The use of electronic calls is allowed.
(4) In New York, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset, the use of shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells is allowed, and the use of electronic calls is allowed, except during Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days in Lake Champlain, Northeastern, and Southeastern Goose Hunting Areas. During the designated Youth Waterfolw Hunting Days in these areas, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset, shotguns must be capable of holding no more than 3 shotshells, and electronic calls are not allowed. See State regulations for further details.
(5) In North Carolina, the use of unplugged guns and electronic calls is allowed in that area west of U.S. Highway 17 only.
(6) In North Carolina, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset in that area west of U.S. Highway 17 only.
(7) In Pennsylvania, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 1 to September 14 and September 17 to September 25. On September 15, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset.
(8) In Pennsylvania, in the area south of SR 198 from the Ohio State line to intersection of SR 18, SR 18 south to SR 618, SR 618 south to U.S. Route 6, U.S. Route 6 east to U.S. Route 322/SR 18, U.S. Route 322/SR 18 west to intersection of SR 3013, SR 3013 south to the Crawford/Mercer County line, the season dates are September 1 to September 15. The daily bag limit is 1 goose with a possession limit of 3 geese. The season is closed on State Game Lands 214. However, during youth waterfowl hunting days, regular season regulations apply.
(9) In Pennsylvania, in the area of Lancaster and Lebanon Counties north of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, east of SR 501 to SR 419, south of SR 419 to the Lebanon-Berks County line, west of the Lebanon-Berks County line and the Lancaster-Berks County line to SR 1053, west of SR 1053 to the Pennsylvania Turnpike I-76, the daily bag limit is 1 goose with a possession limit of 3 geese. On State Game Lands No. 46 (Middle Creek Wildlife Management Area), the season is closed. However, during youth waterfowl hunting days, regular season regulations apply.
(10) In Vermont, the season in the Connecticut River Zone is the same as the New Hampshire Inland Zone season, set by New Hampshire.
(11) In Virginia, shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 1 to September 16 in the area east of I-95. Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset from September 1 to September 20 in the area west of I-95.
(12) See State regulations for additional information and restrictions.
(13) In Washington, in Pacific County, the daily bag and possession limits are 15 and 45 Canada geese, respectively.

(e) Waterfowl, Coots, and Pacific-Flyway Seasons for Common Moorhens

Definitions

The Atlantic Flyway: Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway: Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway: Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway: Includes the States of Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).Start Printed Page 40404

Light Geese: Includes lesser snow (including blue) geese, greater snow geese, and Ross's geese.

Dark Geese: Includes Canada geese, white-fronted geese, emperor geese, brant (except in California, Oregon, Washington, and the Atlantic Flyway), and all other geese except light geese.

Atlantic Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (2 female mallards), 2 scaup, 2 black ducks, 2 pintails, 2 canvasbacks, 1 mottled duck, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, 4 scoters, 4 eiders, 4 long-tailed ducks, and 1 fulvous tree duck. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Harlequin Ducks: All areas of the Flyway are closed to harlequin duck hunting.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 may be hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Connecticut:
Ducks and Mergansers618
North ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 13 & Nov. 10-Jan. 10
South ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 17 & Nov. 16-Jan. 19
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
AFRP Unit NorthOct. 6-Oct. 13 & Nov. 10-Dec. 1 & Dec. 15-Feb. 155 5 515 15 15
AFRP Unit SouthOct. 6-Oct. 13 & Nov. 10-Dec. 1 & Dec. 15-Feb. 155 5 515 15 15
NAP H-Unit NorthOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 10-Jan. 102 26 6
NAP H-Unit SouthOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 10-Jan. 102 26 6
AP UnitOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 24-Jan. 123 39 9
Special SeasonJan. 15-Feb. 15515
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 14 & Feb. 21-Mar. 925 25
South ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 1 & Feb. 21-Mar. 925 25
Brant:
North ZoneNov. 2-Jan. 1026
South ZoneNov. 12-Jan. 1926
Delaware:
DucksOct. 26-Nov. 6 & Nov. 19-Nov. 24 & Dec. 7-Jan. 266 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseNov. 19-Nov. 24 & Dec. 14-Feb. 22 26 6
Light Geese (1)Oct. 3-Feb. 2 & Feb. 9 only25 25
BrantNov. 19-Nov. 24 & Dec. 1-Jan. 312 26 6
Florida:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 276 618 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 305 515 15
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks15
Georgia:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 276 618 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseOct. 13-Oct. 27 & Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 275 5 515 15 15
Light GeeseOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 275 5 515 15 15
Start Printed Page 40405
BrantClosed
Maine:
Ducks: (2)618
North ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 1
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 1-Dec. 26
Coastal ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 12-Jan. 5
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks515
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 826
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 1-Dec. 262 26 6
Coastal ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 12-Jan. 52 26 6
Light GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 3125
Brant:
North ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 126
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 1-Dec. 262 26 6
Coastal ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 12-Jan. 52 26 6
Maryland:
Ducks and Mergansers (3)Oct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 10-Nov. 23 & Dec. 11-Jan. 266 6 618 18 18
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
RP ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 23 & Dec. 14-Mar. 95 515 15
AP ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 23 & Dec. 14-Feb. 22 26 6
Light GeeseOct. 1-Nov. 23 & Dec. 10-Feb. 2 Feb. 9 only25 25 25
BrantNov. 8-Nov. 23 & Dec. 10-Jan. 312 26 6
Massachusetts:
Ducks: (4)618
Western ZoneOct. 8-Nov. 24 & Dec. 3-Dec. 22
Central ZoneOct. 9-Nov. 24 & Dec. 11-Jan. 1
Coastal ZoneOct. 12-Oct. 20 & Nov. 12-Jan. 10
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
NAP Zone:
Central ZoneOct. 9-Nov. 24 & Dec. 11-Jan. 12 26 6
(Special season)Jan. 15-Feb. 15515
Coastal ZoneOct. 12-Oct. 20 & Nov. 12-Jan. 102 26 6
(Special season) (5)Jan. 15-Feb. 15515
AP ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 24 & Dec. 3-Dec. 133 39 9
Light Geese:
Western ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 24 & Dec. 3-Dec. 2215 1545 45
Central ZoneOct. 9-Nov. 24 & Dec. 11-Jan. 1 & Jan. 15-Feb. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Coastal Zone (5)Oct. 12-Oct. 20 & Nov. 12-Jan. 10 & Jan. 15-Feb. 1515 15 1545 45 45
Brant:
Western & Central ZoneClosed
Coastal ZoneNov. 19-Jan. 2626
New Hampshire:
Ducks618
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 30
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 16
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 14 & Nov. 21-Jan. 7
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Start Printed Page 40406
Canada Geese:
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 3026
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 162 26 6
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 14 & Nov. 21-Jan. 72 26 6
Light Geese:
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 3025
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1625
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Jan. 725
Brant:
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 3026
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 162 26 6
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 14 & Nov. 21-Jan. 72 26 6
New Jersey:
Ducks618
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 10-Jan. 10
South ZoneOct. 20-Oct. 27 & Nov. 17-Jan. 17
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 13 & Nov. 22-Jan. 26
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada and White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 193 39 9
South ZoneNov. 17-Dec. 1 & Dec. 8-Jan. 193 39 9
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 13 & Nov. 19-Feb. 155 515 15
Special Season ZoneJan. 21-Feb. 15515
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
South ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
Coastal ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
Brant:
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 10-Jan. 102 26 6
South ZoneOct. 20-Oct. 27 & Nov. 17-Jan. 172 26 6
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 13 & Nov. 22-Jan. 262 26 6
New York:
Ducks and Mergansers618
Long Island ZoneNov. 22-Nov. 23 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 21 & Nov. 10-Dec. 30
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 28 & Nov. 3-Dec. 9
Southeastern ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 14 & Nov. 10-Dec. 30
Western ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 8 & Dec. 26-Jan. 11
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
Western Long Island (AFRP)Oct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 22-Nov. 23 & Dec. 1-Feb. 258 8 824 24 24
Central Long Island (NAP-L)Nov. 22-Nov. 23 & Dec. 5-Feb. 103 39 9
Eastern Long Island (NAP-H)Nov. 22-Nov. 23 & Dec. 5-Jan. 312 26 6
Lake Champlain (AP) ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 139
Northeast (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 9 & Dec. 26-Dec. 313 39 9
East Central (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 16 & Nov. 24-Dec. 223 39 9
Hudson Valley (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 11 & Dec. 4-Jan. 63 39 9
West Central (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 26 & Dec. 26-Jan. 133 39 9
South (AFRP)Oct. 27-Nov. 14 & Nov. 24-Jan. 13 & Mar. 1-Mar. 105 5 515 15 15
Light Geese: (6)
Long Island ZoneNov. 22-Mar. 825
Start Printed Page 40407
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 3125
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Western ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Brant:
Long Island ZoneNov. 22-Nov. 23 & Dec. 1-Jan. 272 26 6
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
Southeastern ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
Western ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
North Carolina:
Ducks (7)Oct. 3-Oct. 6 & Nov. 10-Dec. 1 & Dec. 15-Jan. 266 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
RP Hunt ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 13 & Nov. 10-Dec. 1 & Dec. 15-Feb. 95 5 515 15 15
Northeast Hunt Zone (8)Jan. 11-Jan. 2613
Light GeeseOct. 9-Feb. 925
BrantDec. 15-Jan. 2613
Pennsylvania:
Ducks:618
North ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 17 & Dec. 18-Jan. 12
South ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 & Nov. 20-Jan. 19
Northwest ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 8 Dec. 27-Jan. 1
Lake Erie ZoneOct. 29-Jan. 5
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneNov. 15-Nov. 24 & Dec. 15-Jan. 313 39 9
SJBP ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 24 & Dec. 11-Jan. 193 39 9
Resident (RP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 24 & Dec. 17-Jan. 19 & Jan. 26-Feb. 235 5 515 15 15
Light Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 3125
SJBP ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1925
Resident (RP) ZoneOct. 23-Feb. 2325
BrantOct. 13-Dec. 2126
Rhode Island:
DucksOct. 12-Oct. 15 & Nov. 21-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 206 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 202 26 6
Special seasonJan. 26-Feb. 9515
Light GeeseOct. 6-Jan. 2025
BrantNov. 22-Jan. 2026
South Carolina:
Ducks (9) (10)Nov. 10 & Nov. 17-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 276 6 618 18 18
Mergansers (11)Same as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada and White-fronted Geese (12) (13)Nov. 17-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 27 & Feb. 13-Feb. 285 5 515 15 15
Light GeeseNov. 17-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 27 & Feb. 13-Feb. 2825 25 25
BrantNov. 17-Nov. 24 & Dec. 8-Jan. 272 26 6
Vermont:
Ducks618
Start Printed Page 40408
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Oct 21 & Nov. 10-Dec. 30
Interior ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 11
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 16
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 139
Interior ZoneOct. 13-Dec 139
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 162 26 6
Light Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 31 & Feb. 26-Mar. 1025 25
Interior ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 31 & Feb. 26-Mar. 1025 25
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1625
Brant:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
Interior ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 426
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 & Nov. 21-Dec. 162 26 6
Virginia:
Ducks (14)Oct. 5-Oct. 8 & Nov. 21-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 276 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneNov. 21-Dec. 2 & Dec. 21-Jan. 272 26 6
Western (SJBP) ZoneNov. 21-Dec. 2 & Dec. 18-Jan. 14 &3 39 9
(Special season)Jan. 15-Feb. 15515
Western (RP) ZoneNov. 21-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Feb. 205 515 15
Light GeeseOct. 17-Jan. 3125
BrantNov. 21-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 312 26 6
West Virginia:
Ducks (15)Oct. 1-Oct. 13 & Nov. 5-Nov. 10 & Dec. 17-Jan. 266 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 20 & Nov. 5-Nov. 10 & Dec. 4-Jan. 265 5 515 15 15
Light GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 20 & Nov. 5-Nov. 10 & Dec. 4-Jan. 265 5 515 15 15
BrantNov. 28-Jan. 2613
(1) In Delaware, the Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) snow goose season is open Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays only.
(2) In Maine, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any species, with no more than 12 of any one species in possession. The season for Barrow's goldeneye is closed.
(3) In Maryland, the black duck season is closed October 13 through October 20. Additionally, the daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 5 sea ducks, of which no more than 4 may be scoters, eiders, or long-tailed ducks.
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any single species in addition to the flyway-wide bag restrictions.
(5) In Massachusetts, the January 15 to February 15 portion of the season in the Coastal Zone is restricted to that portion of the Coastal Zone north of the Cape Cod Canal.
(6) In New York, the use of electronic calls and shotguns capable of holding more than 3 shotshells are allowed for hunting of light geese on any day when all other waterfowl hunting seasons are closed.
(7) In North Carolina, the season is closed for black ducks October 3 through October 6 and November 10 through November 16.
(8) In North Carolina, a permit is required to hunt Canada geese in the Northeast Hunt Zone.
(9) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit of 6 may not exceed 1 black-bellied whistling duck or hooded merganser in the aggregate. Further, the black duck/mottled duck limit is as follows: (1) For areas east and south of Interstate 95, either 1 black or 1 mottled duck in the daily bag in the aggregate; (2) for areas west and north of Interstate 95, either 2 black ducks, or 1 black duck and 1 mottled duck in the daily bag.
(10) In South Carolina, on November 10, only hunters 17 years of age or younger can hunt ducks, coots, and mergansers. The youth must be accompanied by a person at least 21 years of age who is properly licensed, including State and Federal waterfowl stamps. Youth who are 16 or 17 years of age who hunt on this day are not required to have a State license or State waterfowl stamp but must possess a Federal waterfowl stamp and migratory bird permit.
(11) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit for mergansers may include no more than 1 hooded merganser.
(12) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 white-fronted geese.Start Printed Page 40409
(13) In South Carolina, the hunting area for Canada geese excludes that portion of Clarendon County bounded to the north by S-14-25; to the east by Hwy 260; and to the south by the markers delineating the channel of the Santee River. It also excludes that portion of Clarendon County bounded on the north by S-14-26 and extending southward to that portion of Orangeburg County bordered by Hwy 6.
(14) In Virginia, the season is closed for black ducks October 5 through October 8.
(15) In West Virginia, the season is closed for eiders, whistling ducks, and mottled ducks.

Mississippi Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (no more than 2 of which may be females), 1 mottled duck, 2 black ducks, 2 pintails, 2 canvasbacks, 2 redheads, 3 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 may be hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Alabama:
Ducks618
North ZoneNov. 23-Nov. 24 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27
South ZoneSame as North Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)(2)Sept. 1-Sept 30 & Oct. 13-Oct. 27 & Nov. 23-Nov. 24 & Dec. 1-Jan. 275 5 5 515 15 15 15
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese515
Arkansas:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Dec. 6-Dec. 23 & Dec. 26-Jan. 276 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks510
Canada GeeseSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Oct. 27-Oct. 29 & Nov. 17-Nov. 30 & Dec. 2-Jan. 275 3 3 315 9 9 9
White-fronted GeeseOct. 27-Oct. 29 & Nov. 17-Nov. 30 & Dec. 2-Jan. 272 2 24 4 4
BrantClosed
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted Geese20
Illinois:
Ducks618
North ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 18
Central ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 25
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 8
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 & Oct. 20-Jan. 175 215 6
Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 & Oct. 27-Nov. 4 & Nov. 12-Jan. 315 2 215 6 6
South Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 & Nov. 10-Jan. 312 26 6
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 & Nov. 22-Jan. 312 26 6
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 1726
Central ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 3126
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 3126
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3126
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 1720
Central ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 3120
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 3120
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3120
BrantSame as for Light Geese13
Indiana:
Ducks618
Start Printed Page 40410
North ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 9 & Dec. 22-Dec. 30
Central ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 4 & Nov. 24-Jan. 13
South ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)(3):
North ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 16 & Oct. 20-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Feb. 105 5 515 15 15
Central ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 16 & Oct. 27-Nov. 11 & Nov. 24-Feb. 105 5 515 15 15
South ZoneSept. 8-Sept. 16 & Nov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Feb. 105 5 515 15 15
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Central ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Iowa:
Ducks618
North ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Dec. 4
Missouri River ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 19 & Oct. 27-Dec 18
South ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 12 & Oct. 20-Dec 11
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1):
Cedar Falls/WaterlooSept. 1-Sept. 9515
Des MoinesSept. 1-Sept. 9515
Cedar Rapids/Iowa CitySept. 1-Sept. 9515
North Zone (4)Sept. 22-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 4 & Dec. 15-Jan. 125 5 515 15 15
Missouri River Zone (4)Oct. 6-Oct. 21 & Oct. 27-Dec. 18 & Dec. 29-Jan. 265 5 515 15 15
South Zone (4)Sept. 29-Oct. 14 & Oct. 20-Dec. 11 & Dec. 22-Jan. 195 5 515 15 15
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Missouri River ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Kentucky:
Ducks618
West ZoneNov. 22-Nov. 25 & Dec. 2-Jan. 27
East ZoneSame as West Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseSept. 16-Sept. 30 & Nov. 22-Feb. 155 315 9
White-fronted GeeseNov. 22-Feb. 1526
BrantNov. 22-Feb. 1513
Light GeeseNov. 22-Feb. 152060
Louisiana:
Ducks618
West ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 20
East Zone (including Catahoula Lake)Nov. 17-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 27
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseNov. 3-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 313 39 9
White-fronted GeeseNov. 3-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Feb. 102 26 6
BrantClosed
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted Geese20
Michigan:
Ducks618
North ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Dec. 2
Middle ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Dec. 16
South ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 9 & Dec. 29-Dec. 30
Start Printed Page 40411
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)(2):
North ZoneSept. 1-Dec. 16515
Middle ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Oct. 6-Dec. 215 515 15
South Zone:
Muskegon Wastewater GMUOct. 16-Nov. 13 & Dec. 1-Dec. 225 515 15
Allegan County GMUSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Nov. 3-Nov. 13 & Nov. 22-Dec. 9 & Dec. 15-Feb. 145 5 5 515 15 15 15
Remainder of South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 9 & Dec. 29-Dec. 30 & Jan. 26-Feb. 115 5 5 515 15 15 15
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Middle ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
South Zone:
Muskegon Wastewater GMUSame as for Dark Geese20
Allegan County GMUSame as for Dark Geese20
Remainder of South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese20
Minnesota:
Ducks618
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 20
Central ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 6-Nov. 25
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
Coots (5)Same as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1):
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Sept. 22-Dec. 215 315 9
Central ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 6-Dec. 265 3 315 9 9
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Jan. 25 3 315 9 9
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese2060
Central ZoneSame as for Dark Geese2060
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese2060
Mississippi:
DucksNov. 23-Nov. 25 & Nov. 30-Dec. 2 & Dec. 5-Jan. 276 6 618 18 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada GeeseSept. 1-Sept 30 & Nov. 9-Nov. 25 & Nov. 30-Dec. 2 & Dec. 5-Jan. 275 3 3 315 9 9 9
White-fronted GeeseNov. 9-Nov. 25 & Nov. 30-Dec. 2 & Dec. 5-Jan. 273 3 39 9 9
BrantSame as for White-fronted Geese13
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted Geese20
Missouri:
Ducks and Mergansers618
North ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 1
Middle ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Nov. 15-Jan. 6
South ZoneNov. 22-Nov. 25 & Dec. 3-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese and Brant
North ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 14 & Nov. 11-Feb. 63 39 9
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone39
South ZoneSame as North Zone39
Start Printed Page 40412
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 11-Feb. 626
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone26
South ZoneSame as North Zone26
Light Geese:
North ZoneNov. 11-Feb. 620
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone20
South ZoneSame as North Zone20
Ohio:
Ducks (6)618
Lake Erie Marsh ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 10-Dec. 23
North ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 17-Dec. 30
South ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 4 & Dec. 15-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)(7):
Lake Erie Goose ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 9 & Oct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 10-Dec. 23 & Jan. 5-Feb. 95 3 3 315 9 9 9
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 9 & Oct. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 17-Dec. 30 & Jan. 5-Feb. 95 3 3 315 9 9 9
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 9 & Oct. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 22-Feb. 95 3 315 9 9
Light Geese:
Lake Erie Goose ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 10-Dec. 23 & Jan. 5-Feb. 910 10 1030 30 30
North ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 17-Dec. 30 & Jan. 5-Feb. 910 10 1030 30 30
South ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 22-Feb. 910 1030 30
Tennessee:
Ducks618
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27
Rest of StateNov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese:
Northwest ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Oct. 13-Oct. 23 & Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Feb. 105 3 3 315 9 9 9
Rest of StateSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Oct. 13-Oct. 23 & Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Feb. 105 3 3 315 9 9 9
White-fronted Geese:
Northwest ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Feb. 103 39 9
Rest of StateNov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Feb. 103 39 9
BrantSame as Canada Geese13
Light GeeseSame as Canada Geese20
Wisconsin:
Ducks (6)(8)618
North ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 27
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Dec. 4
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese (9):
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 Sept. 16-Dec. 165 315 6
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 Sept. 16-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 & Dec. 16-Jan. 35 3 3 315 9 9 9
Start Printed Page 40413
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 15 Sept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Jan. 35 3 315 9 9
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneSept. 16-Dec. 1613
South ZoneSept. 16-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2 & Dec. 16-Jan. 31 1 13 3 3
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 13-Jan. 31 13 3
BrantSame as for White-fronted Geese13
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted Geese20
(1) The dark goose daily bag limit is an aggregate daily bag limit for Canada geese, white-fronted geese, and brant.
(2) In Alabama and Michigan, the dark goose daily bag limit may not include more than 1 brant. Additionally, after September 30, the daily bag may not include more than 3 Canada geese.
(3) In Indiana, the dark goose daily bag limit of 5 may include 5 Canada geese during September 8 through September 16. During all other open season segments, the dark goose daily bag limit may not include more than 3 Canada geese. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
(4) In Iowa, in the North Zone, the Missouri River Zone, and the South Zone, the dark goose daily bag limit may not include more than 2 Canada geese until October 31. After October 31, the daily bag limit may not include more than 3 Canada geese. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
(5) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 45 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.
(6) In Ohio and Wisconsin, the daily bag limit may include no more than one female mallard.
(7) In Ohio, only Canada geese may be taken during the September 1 to September 9 portion of the dark goose season.
(8) In Wisconsin, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 black duck.
(9) In Wisconsin, a Canada goose season permit is required if hunting Canada geese in either the early or regular season. See State regulations for further information.

Central Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (2 female mallards), 2 pintails, 2 canvasbacks, 2 redheads, 3 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 may be hooded mergansers. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Colorado:
Ducks618
Southeast ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 27
Northeast ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 26 & Dec. 15-Jan. 27
Mountain/Foothills ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 26 & Dec. 22-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
Dark Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitSept. 29-Oct. 10 & Nov. 17-Feb. 175 515 15
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSept. 29-Jan. 11515
North Park UnitSept. 29-Jan. 11515
Rest of State in Central FlywayNov. 5-Feb. 17515
Light Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitNov. 3-Feb. 1750
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit50
North Park UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit50
Rest of State in Central FlywaySame as N. Front Range Unit50
Kansas:
Ducks618
High PlainsOct. 13-Dec. 31 & Jan. 12-Jan. 27
Low Plains:
Early ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 16 & Dec. 22-Dec. 30
Late ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 30 & Jan. 19-Jan. 27
Southeast ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 6 & Jan. 12-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)Oct. 27-Oct. 28 & Nov. 7-Feb. 176 618 18
Start Printed Page 40414
White-Fronted GeeseOct. 27-Dec. 30 & Jan. 26-Feb. 172 26 6
Light GeeseOct. 27-Oct. 28 & Nov. 7-Feb. 1750 50
Montana:
Ducks and Mergansers (2)618
Zone 1Sept. 29-Jan. 3
Zone 2Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 20-Jan. 15
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese:
Zone 1Sept. 29-Jan. 6 & Jan. 12-Jan. 165 515 15
Zone 2Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 20-Jan. 235 515 15
Light Geese:
Zone 1Same as for Dark Geese2060
Zone 2Same as for Dark Geese2060
Nebraska:
Ducks618
Zone 1Oct. 13-Dec. 25
Zone 2:
Low PlainsOct. 6-Dec. 18
High PlainsOct. 6-Dec. 18 & Jan. 7-Jan. 27
Zone 3:
Low PlainsOct. 25-Jan. 6
High PlainsOct. 25-Jan. 6 & Jan. 7-Jan. 27
Zone 4Oct. 6-Dec. 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese
Niobrara UnitOct. 29-Feb. 10515
East UnitOct. 29-Feb. 10515
North Central UnitOct. 6-Jan. 18515
Platte River UnitOct. 29-Feb. 10515
Panhandle UnitOct. 29-Feb. 10515
White-Fronted GeeseOct. 6-Dec. 9 & Jan. 19-Feb. 102 26 6
Light GeeseOct. 6-Dec. 26 & Jan. 19-Feb. 1050 50
New Mexico:
Ducks and Mergansers (3)618
North ZoneOct. 13-Jan. 16
South ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese
Middle Rio Grande Valley UnitDec. 22-Jan. 1522
Rest of StateOct. 13-Jan. 27515
Light GeeseOct. 13-Jan. 2750
North Dakota:
Ducks (2)618
High PlainsSept. 22-Dec. 2 & Dec. 8-Dec. 30
Remainder of StateSept. 22-Dec. 2
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese (4)
Missouri River ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 28515
Western ND ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 21824
Rest of StateSept. 22-Dec. 16824
White-Fronted GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 239
Light GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 3050
Oklahoma:
Ducks618
High PlainsOct. 13-Jan. 9
Low Plains
Zone 1Oct. 27-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 20
Zone 2Nov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese (1)Nov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Feb. 178 824 24
White-Fronted GeeseNov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Feb. 102 26 6
Start Printed Page 40415
Light GeeseNov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Feb. 1750 50
South Dakota:
Ducks (2)618
High PlainsOct. 13-Dec. 25 & Dec. 26-Jan. 17
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 11
Middle ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 11
South ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 8
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese
Unit 1Oct. 1-Dec. 16824
Unit 2Nov. 5-Feb. 17412
Unit 3Oct. 20-Dec. 23 & Jan. 12-Jan. 204 412 12
White-Fronted GeeseSept. 29-Dec. 2326
Light GeeseSept. 29-Jan. 1150
Texas:
Ducks (5)618
High PlainsOct. 27-Oct. 28 & Nov. 2-Jan. 27
Low Plains:
North ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27
South ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Canada Geese and Brant (6)
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 27515
North ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 27515
West TierNov. 3-Feb. 3515
White-fronted Geese (6)
East Tier
South ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2726
North ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2726
West TierNov. 3-Feb. 326
Light Geese:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2720
North ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2720
West TierNov. 3-Feb. 320
Wyoming:
Ducks (2)(7)618
Zone C1Sept. 29-Oct. 16 & Oct. 27-Jan. 13
Zone C2Sept. 22-Dec. 2 & Dec. 8-Jan. 1
Zone C3Same as Zone C2
MergansersSame as for Ducks515
CootsSame as for Ducks1545
Dark Geese:
Zone G1A (7)Sept. 29-Oct. 10 & Nov. 17-Feb. 172 46 12
Zone G1Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Nov. 3-Nov. 25 & Dec. 7-Feb. 175 5 515 15 15
Zone G2Sept. 22-Dec. 2 & Dec. 8-Jan. 95 515 15
Zone G3Same as Zone G2515
Zone G4Same as Zone G1515
Light GeeseSept. 29-Dec. 30 & Feb. 6-Feb. 1710 1030 30
 (1) In Kansas and Oklahoma, the dark geese daily bag limit includes Canada geese, brant, and all other geese except white-fronted geese and light geese.
 (2) In Montana, during the first 9 days of the duck season, and in North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming, during the first 16 days of the duck season, the daily bag and possession limit may include 2 and 6 additional blue-winged teal, respectively.
 (3) In New Mexico, Mexican-like ducks are included in the aggregate with mallards.
 (4) In North Dakota, see State regulations for additional shooting hour restrictions.
 (5) In Texas, the daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (only 2 of which may be females), 2 redheads, 3 wood ducks, 3 scaup, 2 canvasbacks, 1 pintail, and 1 dusky duck (mottled duck, Mexican-like duck, black duck and their hybrids). The season for dusky ducks is closed the first 5 days of the season in all zones. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
 (6) In Texas, in the West Goose Zone, the daily bag limit for dark geese is 5 in the aggregate and may include no more than 2 white-fronted geese. Possession limits are three times the daily bag limits.
 (7) See State regulations for additional restrictions.
Start Printed Page 40416

Pacific Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck and Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit of 7 ducks (including mergansers) may include no more than 2 female mallards, 2 pintails, 2 redheads, 3 scaup, and 2 canvasbacks. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.

Coot and Common Moorhen Limits: Daily bag and possession limits are in the aggregate for the two species.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Arizona:
Ducks (1)721
North Zone:
ScaupOct. 20-Jan. 1339
Other DucksOct. 5-Jan. 13721
South Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 19-Jan. 27721
Coots and MoorhensSame as for Other Ducks2575
Dark Geese:
North ZoneOct. 5-Jan. 13412
South ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27412
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese1030
California:
Ducks721
Northeastern Zone:
ScaupOct. 6-Dec. 2 & Dec. 22-Jan. 183 39 9
Other DucksOct. 6-Jan. 18721
Colorado River Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 19-Jan. 27721
Southern Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 20-Jan. 27721
Southern San Joaquin Valley Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 20-Jan. 27721
Balance of State Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 20-Jan. 27721
Coots and MoorhensSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese (2) (3):
Northeastern Zone (4)Oct. 6-Jan. 131030
Klamath Basin Special Management AreaOct. 6-Jan. 131030
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27412
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 2739
Balance of State ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 3 & Oct. 20-Jan. 2710 1030 30
North Coast Special Management AreaOct. 31-Jan. 27 & Feb. 23-Mar. 1010 1030 30
White-fronted Geese (2):
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 2 & Jan. 5-Jan. 18 & Feb. 6-Mar.1010 10 1030 30 30
Klamath Basin Special Management AreaOct. 6-Jan. 181030
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27412
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 2739
Balance of State ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27 & Feb. 9-Feb. 1310 1030 30
Sacramento Valley Special Management AreaOct. 20-Dec. 2139
Light Geese:
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 2 & Jan. 5-Jan. 18 & Feb. 6-Mar.1020 20 2060 60 60
Klamath Basin Special Management AreaOct. 6-Jan. 182060
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 272060
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 272060
Imperial County Special Management AreaNov. 3-Jan. 27 & Feb. 2-Feb. 1820 2060 60
Balance of State ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27 & Feb. 9-Feb. 1320 2060 60
Brant:
Northern ZoneNov. 9-Dec. 1526
Balance of State ZoneNov. 9-Dec. 1526
Colorado:
Start Printed Page 40417
Ducks721
East Zone:
ScaupSept. 29-Dec. 2339
Other DucksSept. 29-Jan. 11721
West Zone:
ScaupSept. 29-Oct. 17 & Nov. 3-Jan. 83 39 9
Other DucksSept. 29-Oct. 17 & Nov. 3-Jan. 277 721 21
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2575
Dark Geese:
East ZoneSept. 29-Jan. 2412
West ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 8 & Nov. 3-Jan. 274 412 12
Light Geese:Same as for Dark Geese1030
Idaho:
Ducks721
Zone 1:
ScaupOct. 6-Dec. 3039
Other DucksOct. 6-Jan. 18721
Zone 2:
ScaupOct. 6-Dec. 3039
Other DucksOct. 6-Jan. 18721
Zone 3:
ScaupNov. 1-Jan. 2539
Other DucksOct. 13-Jan. 25721
Zone 4:
ScaupOct. 6-Dec. 3039
Other DucksOct. 6-Jan. 18721
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese and Brant:
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 18412
Zone 2Oct. 6-Jan. 18412
Zone 3Oct. 13-Jan. 25412
Zone 4Oct. 6-Jan. 3412
Zone 5Oct. 6-Jan. 18412
White-fronted Geese:
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 181030
Zone 2Oct. 6-Jan. 181030
Zone 3Oct. 13-Jan. 251030
Zone 4Nov. 5-Feb. 171030
Zone 5Oct. 6-Jan. 181030
Light Geese:
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 182060
Zone 2Nov. 5-Jan. 18 & Feb. 9-Mar. 1020 2060 60
Zone 3Nov. 26-Mar. 102060
Zone 4Oct. 13-Jan. 252060
Zone 5 (5)Oct. 6-Jan. 182060
Zone 6Oct. 6-Jan. 182060
Montana:
Ducks721
ScaupSept. 29-Dec. 2339
Other DucksSept. 29-Jan. 6 & Jan. 12-Jan. 167 721 21
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese (6)Sept. 29-Jan. 6 & Jan. 12-Jan. 164 412 12
Light Geese (6)Same as for Dark Geese2060
Nevada:
Ducks721
Northeast Zone:
ScaupSept. 22-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Dec. 183 39 9
Other DucksSept. 22-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 67 721 21
Northwest Zone:
ScaupOct. 27-Jan. 2039
Other DucksOct. 6-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 207 721 21
South Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Start Printed Page 40418
Other DucksOct. 13-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 277 721 21
Moapa Valley Special Management Area (7):
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 27-Jan. 27721
Coots and MoorhensSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese and Brant:
Northeast ZoneSame as for Other Ducks412
Northwest ZoneSame as for Other Ducks412
South ZoneSame as for Other Ducks412
Moapa Valley Special Management Area (7):Same as for Other Ducks412
White-fronted Geese:
Northeast ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Northwest ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
South ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Moapa Valley Special Management Area (7):Same as for Canada Geese1030
Light Geese (8):
Northeast ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 6 & Feb. 23-Mar. 1020 2060 60
Northwest ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 20 & Feb. 23-Mar. 1020 2060 60
South ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 21 & Oct. 24-Jan. 2720 2060 60
Moapa Valley Special Management Area (7):Oct. 27-Jan. 272060
New Mexico:
Ducks721
ScaupOct. 15-Jan. 839
Other DucksOct. 15-Jan. 27721
Coots and MoorhensSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese and Brant:
North ZoneSept. 22-Oct. 7 & Oct. 29-Jan. 274 412 12
South ZoneOct. 13-Jan. 27412
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
South ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Canada Geese2060
South ZoneSame as for Canada Geese2060
Oregon:
Ducks721
Zone 1:
Columbia Basin Unit:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Oct. 31-Jan. 277 721 21
Rest of Zone 1Same as Columbia Basin Unit
Zone 2:
ScaupOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Nov. 28-Jan. 13 39 9
Other DucksOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Nov. 28-Jan. 207 721 21
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese:
Northwest Permit Zone (9) (10)Oct. 20-Oct. 28 & Nov. 17-Jan. 12 & Feb. 9-Mar. 106 6 618 18 18
Tillamook County Management AreaClosed
Southwest ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 5-Jan. 274 412 12
South Coast ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 25 & Dec. 15-Jan. 14 & Feb. 23-Mar. 106 6 618 18 18
Eastern ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 5-Jan. 274 412 12
Klamath County ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Dec. 10-Jan. 274 412 12
Harney and Lake County ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Dec. 10-Jan. 274 412 12
Malheur County ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Dec. 10-Jan. 274 412 12
White-fronted Geese:
Start Printed Page 40419
Northwest Permit Zone (9)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Tillamook County Management AreaClosed
Southwest ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
South Coast ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Eastern ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Klamath County ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 1010 1030 30
Harney and Lake County Zone (11)Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 1010 1030 30
Malheur County ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 1010 1030 30
Light Geese:
Northwest Permit Zone (9)Same as for Canada Geese618
Tillamook County Management AreaClosed
Southwest ZoneSame as for Canada Geese618
South Coast ZoneSame as for Canada Geese618
Eastern ZoneSame as for Canada Geese618
Klamath County Zone (12)Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 106 618 18
Harney and Lake County Zone (12)Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 106 618 18
Malheur County Zone (12)Oct. 6-Nov. 25 & Jan. 16-Mar. 106 618 18
BrantNov. 24-Dec. 926
Utah:
Ducks721
Zone 1:
ScaupOct. 6-Dec. 3039
Other DucksOct. 6-Jan. 19721
Zone 2:
ScaupNov. 2-Jan. 2639
Other DucksOct. 13-Jan. 26721
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese and Brant:
Northern ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 18 & Oct. 27-Jan. 274 412 12
Wasatch Front ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 18 & Nov. 3-Feb. 34 412 12
East Box Elder County ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 19412
Southern ZoneOct. 13-Jan. 26412
White-fronted Geese:
Northern ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Wasatch Front ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
East Box Elder County ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Southern ZoneSame as for Canada Geese1030
Light Geese:
Northern ZoneOct. 25-Nov. 30 & Jan. 1-Mar. 1020 2060 60
Wasatch Front ZoneSame as for Northern Zone2060
East Box Elder County ZoneSame as for Northern Zone2060
Southern ZoneSame as for Northern Zone2060
Washington:
Ducks721
East Zone:
ScaupNov. 3-Jan. 2739
Other DucksOct. 13-Oct 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 277 721 21
West Zone (13)Same as East Zone
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2575
Canada Geese:
Area 1 (14)Oct. 13-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 274 412 12
Area 2 Inland (15) (16)Oct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 24-Jan. 13 & Feb. 9-Mar. 94 4 412 12 12
Area 2 Coast (15) (16)Oct. 13-Dec. 2 & Dec. 22-Jan. 20 & Feb. 2-Feb. 164 4 412 12 12
Area 3 (14)Oct. 13-Oct. 25 & Nov. 3-Jan. 274 412 12
Start Printed Page 40420
Area 4 (14)Oct. 13-Oct. 28 & Oct. 31 only & Nov. 3-Jan. 274 4 412 12 12
Area 5 (14)Oct. 13-Oct. 29 & Nov. 3-Jan. 274 412 12
White-fronted Geese:
Area 1 (14)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Area 2 Inland (15)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Area 2 Coast (15)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Area 3 (14)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Area 4 (14)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Area 5 (14)Same as for Canada Geese1030
Light Geese:
Area 1 (14)Oct. 13-Nov. 25 & Dec. 8-Jan. 27 & Feb. 9-Feb. 206 6 618 18 18
Area 2 Inland (15)Same as for Canada Geese618
Area 2 Coast (15)Same as for Canada Geese618
Area 3 (14)Same as for Canada Geese618
Area 4 (14)Same as for Canada Geese618
Area 5 (14)Same as for Canada Geese618
Brant (17):
Coastal ZoneJan. 12-Jan. 2726
Puget Sound ZoneJan. 12-Jan. 2726
Wyoming:
Ducks721
Snake River Zone:
ScaupSept. 22-Dec. 1639
Other DucksSept. 22-Jan. 4721
Balance of State Zone
ScaupSept. 22-Dec. 1639
Other DucksSept. 22-Jan. 4721
CootsSame as for Other Ducks1545
Dark GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 27412
Light GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 271030
(1) In Arizona, the daily bag limit may include no more than either 2 female mallards or 2 Mexican-like ducks, or 1 of each; and not more than 6 female mallards and Mexican-like ducks, in the aggregate, may be in possession. For black-bellied whistling ducks, the daily bag limit is 1 and the possession limit is 3.
(2) In California, the daily bag and possession limits for Canada geese and white-fronted geese are in the aggregate.
(3) In California, small Canada geese are Cackling and Aleutian Canada geese, and large Canada geese are Western and Lesser Canada geese.
(4) In California, in the Northeastern Zone, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 large Canada geese.
(5) In Idaho, the season on light geese is closed in Fremont and Teton Counties.
(6) In Montana, check State regulations for special seasons and exceptions.
(7) In Nevada, youth 17 years of age or younger are allowed to hunt on October 13 on the Moapa Valley portion of Overton WMA. Youth must be accompanied by an adult who is at least 18 years of age.
(8) In Nevada, there is no open season on light geese in Ruby Valley within Elko and White Pine Counties. In addition, the season is closed in Alkali Lake, Fernley, Humboldt, Kirch, Mason Valley, Scripps, and Steptoe Valley WMA and Washoe State Park from February 24 to March 10.
(9) In Oregon, in the Northwest Permit Zone, see State regulations for specific dates, times, and conditions of permit hunts and closures.
(10) In Oregon, in the Northwest Permit Zone, the season for dusky Canada geese is closed.
(11) In Oregon, in Lake County, the daily bag and possession limits for white-fronted geese are 1 and 3, respectively.
(12) In Oregon, in Klamath County, Harney and Lake County, and Malheur County Zones, during January 28 through March 10, the daily bag and possession limits are 20 and 60, respectively.
(13) In Washington, the daily bag limit in the West Zone may include no more than 2 scoters, 2 long-tailed ducks, and 2 goldeneyes, with the possession limit three times the daily bag limit. The daily bag and possession limit, and the season limit, for harlequins is 1.
(14) In Washington, in Areas 1, 3, and 5, hunting is allowed everyday. In Area 4, hunting is allowed only on Saturdays, Sundays, Wednesdays, and certain holidays. See State regulations for details, including shooting hours.
(15) In Washington, in Areas 2 Inland and 2 Coast, see State regulations for specific dates, times, and conditions of permit hunts and closures.
(16) In Washington, in Areas 2 Inland and 2 Coast, the season for dusky Canada geese is closed.
(17) In Washington, brant may be hunted in Clallam, Pacific, Skagit, and Watcom Counties only; see State regulations for specific dates.

(f) Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days

The following seasons are open only to youth hunters. Youth hunters must be accompanied into the field by an adult at least 18 years of age. This adult cannot duck hunt but may participate in other open seasons.

Definition

Youth Hunters: States may use their established definition of age for youth hunters. However, youth hunters may not be over the age of 17. Youth hunters 16 years of age and older must possess a Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (also known as Federal Duck Stamp).

ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Connecticut:
Start Printed Page 40421
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 29 & Oct. 27.
Delaware:
Ducks, geese, brant, mergansers, and cootsOct. 20 & Feb. 9.
Florida:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and geeseFeb. 2 & 3.
Georgia:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 10 & 11.
Maine:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneSept. 15 & Dec. 8.
South ZoneSept. 22 & Oct. 20.
Coastal ZoneSept. 22 & Nov. 3.
Maryland (1)(2):
Ducks, coots, light geese, Canada geese, sea ducks, and brantNov. 3 & Feb. 9.
Massachusetts:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and geeseSept. 22 & Oct. 6.
New Hampshire:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 29 & 30.
New Jersey:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
North ZoneOct. 6 & Feb. 2.
South ZoneOct. 13 & Feb. 2.
Coastal ZoneNov. 3 & Feb. 9.
New York (3):
Ducks, mergansers, coots, brant, and Canada geese:
Long Island ZoneNov. 10 & 11.
Lake Champlain ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
Northeastern ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Southeastern ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Western ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
North Carolina:
Ducks, mergansers, geese (4), brant, tundra swans (5), and cootsFeb. 2 & Feb. 9.
Pennsylvania
Ducks, mergansers, Canada geese, coots, moorhens, brant, and gallinules:
North ZoneSept. 15 & Jan. 19.
South ZoneSept. 15 & Jan. 26.
Northwest ZoneSept. 15 & Dec. 15.
Lake Erie ZoneSept. 15 & Oct. 20.
Rhode Island:
Ducks, sea ducks, mergansers, geese, and cootsOct. 27 & 28.
South Carolina:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 2 & 9.
Vermont:
Ducks, geese, mergansers and cootsSept. 29 & 30.
Virginia:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, sea ducks, tundra swans (5), and Canada geese (6)Oct. 20 & Feb. 2.
West Virginia:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, and gallinulesSept. 15 & Nov. 3.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Alabama:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, geese, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 17 & Feb. 2.
Arkansas:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesDec. 1 & Feb. 2.
Illinois:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
Central ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
South Central ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
South ZoneNov. 10 & 11.
Indiana:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
Central ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
South ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
Iowa:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Missouri River ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
South ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
Kentucky:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
West ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
East ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
Louisiana:
Start Printed Page 40422
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
West ZoneNov. 3 & Jan. 26.
East ZoneNov. 10 & Feb. 2.
Coastal ZoneNov. 3 & Nov. 4.
Michigan:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 15 & 16.
Minnesota:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 8.
Mississippi:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geeseNov. 17 & Feb. 2.
Missouri:
Ducks, coots, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
Middle ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
South ZoneNov. 17 & 18.
Ohio:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Lake Erie MarshOct. 6 & 7.
North ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
South ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
Tennessee:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Reelfoot ZoneFeb. 2 & 9.
Remainder of StateFeb. 2 & 9.
Wisconsin:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 15 & 16.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Colorado:
Ducks, dark geese, mergansers, and coots:
Mountain/Foothills ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Northeast ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
Southeast ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
Kansas: (7):
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
High PlainsOct. 6 & 7.
Low Plains:
Early ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
Late ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
Southeast ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
Montana:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 22 & 23.
Nebraska:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
Zone 1Oct. 6 & 7.
Zone 2Sept. 29 & 30.
Zone 3Oct. 20 & 21.
Zone 4Sept. 29 & 30.
New Mexico:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
North ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
South ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
North Dakota:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15 & 16.
Oklahoma:
Ducks, geese mergansers, and coots:
High PlainsOct. 6 & Feb. 2.
Low Plains:
Zone 1Oct. 6 & Feb. 2.
Zone 2Oct. 6 & Feb. 2.
South Dakota:
Ducks, Canada geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 22 & 23.
Texas:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and coots:
High PlainsOct. 20 & 21.
Low Plains:
North ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
South ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
Wyoming:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
Zone C1Sept. 22 & 23.
Zone C2Sept. 15 & 16.
Zone C3Sept. 15 & 16.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona:
Start Printed Page 40423
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
North ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
South ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
California:
Ducks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
Northeastern ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Colorado River ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Southern ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Southern San Joaquin Valley ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Balance of State ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Colorado:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
East ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
West ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
Idaho:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 29 & 30.
Montana:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 22 & 23.
Nevada:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
Northeast ZoneSept. 8 & 9.
Northwest ZoneSept. 22 & Feb. 2.
South ZoneFeb. 9 & 10.
New Mexico:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhensOct. 6 & 7.
Oregon:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 22 & 23.
Utah:
Ducks, dark geese, mergansers, and coots:
Zone 1Sept. 22.
Zone 2Sept. 29.
Washington:
Ducks, Canada geese, white-fronted geese, mergansers, and coots:
East ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
West ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Wyoming:
Ducks, geese, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15 & 16.
(1) In Maryland, youth hunter(s) must be accompanied by an adult at least 21 years old and who possesses a current Maryland hunting license or is exempt from the hunting license requirement. The adult accompanying the youth hunter(s) may not possess a hunting weapon and may not participate in other seasons that are open on the youth days.
(2) In Maryland, the bag limit for Canada geese is 2 in the AP Zone and 5 in the RP Zone.
(3) In New York, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 3.
(4) In North Carolina, the daily bag limit in the Northeast Hunt Zone may not include dark geese except by permit.
(5) In North Carolina and Virginia, the daily bag limit may not include tundra swans except by permit.
(6) In Virginia, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 2.
(7) In Kansas, the adult accompanying the youth must possess any licenses and/or stamps required by law for that individual to hunt waterfowl.
Start Amendment Part

7. Section 20.106 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for sandhill cranes.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise noted. Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR AREA DESCRIPTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Kentucky (1)Dec. 3-Jan. 2723 per season.
Minnesota (1)
NW Goose ZoneSept. 15-Oct. 2113.
Tennessee (1)(2):
Start Printed Page 40424
Southeast Zone (3)Dec. 1-Jan. 2733 per season.
Rest of StateDec. 1-Jan. 2711 per season.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Colorado (1)Sept. 29-Nov. 2539.
Kansas (1)(4)(5)Nov. 7-Jan. 339.
Montana:
Regular Season Area (1)Sept. 29-Nov. 2539.
Special Season Area (6)Sept. 1-Oct. 282 per season.
New Mexico:
Regular Season Area (1)Oct. 27-Jan. 2736.
Middle Rio Grande Valley Area (6)(7)Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1 & Dec. 15-Dec. 16 & Jan. 5-Jan. 6 & Jan. 12-Jan. 133 3 3 3 3 36 per season. 6 per season. 3 per season. 6 per season. 6 per season. 6 per season.
Southwest Area (6)Oct. 27-Nov. 4 & Jan. 5-Jan. 63 36 per season. 6 per season.
Estancia Valley (6)(8)Oct. 27-Nov. 436.
North Dakota (1):
Area 1Sept. 15-Nov. 1139.
Area 2Sept. 15-Nov. 1126.
Oklahoma (1)Oct. 20-Jan. 2039.
South Dakota (1)Sept. 22-Nov. 1839.
Texas (1):
Zone AOct. 27-Jan. 2739.
Zone BNov. 23-Jan. 2739.
Zone CDec. 15-Jan. 2026.
Wyoming:
Regular Season (Area 7) (1)Sept. 15-Nov. 1139.
Riverton-Boysen Unit (Area 4) (6)Sept. 15-Oct. 71 per season.
Big Horn, Hot Springs, Park, and Washakie Counties (Area 6) (6)Sept. 15-Oct. 71 per season.
Johnson, Natrona, and Sheridan Counties (Area 8) (6)Sept. 1-Sept. 301 per season.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona (6):
Zone 1 (9)Nov. 9-Dec. 93 per season.
Zone 2 (10)Nov. 24-Dec. 123 per season.
Idaho (6):
Areas 1, 3, & 4Sept. 1-Sept. 302 per season.
Areas 2, 5, & 6Sept. 1-Sept. 152 per season.
Montana (6)(11):
Zone 1 & 4Sept. 1-Oct. 2811.
Zone 2 & 3Sept. 1-Oct. 2822.
Utah (6):
Rich CountySept. 1-Sept. 91 per season.
Cache CountySept. 1-Sept. 91 per season.
East Box Elder CountySept. 1-Sept. 91 per season.
Uintah CountySept. 29-Nov. 271 per season.
Wyoming (6):
Areas 1, 2, 3, & 5Sept. 1-Sept. 81 per season.
(1) Each person participating in the regular sandhill crane seasons must have a valid sandhill crane hunting permit in their possession while hunting.
(2) In Tennessee, the shooting hours are from sunrise to 3 p.m.
(3) In Tennessee, in the Southeast Zone, the season is also closed from January 18 through January 20, 2019.
(4) In Kansas, shooting hours are from sunrise until sunset.
(5) In Kansas, each person desiring to hunt sandhill cranes is required to pass an annual, online sandhill crane identification examination.
(6) Hunting is by State permit only. See State regulations for further information.
(7) In New Mexico, in the Middle Rio Grande Valley Area (Bernardo WMA and Casa Colorado WMA), the season is only open for youth hunters on December 1. See State regulations for further details.
(8) In New Mexico, in the Estancia Valley Area, the season will be closed to crane hunting on October 31.Start Printed Page 40425
(9) In Arizona, in Zone 1, season dates are November 9 to 11, November 16 to 18, November 20 to 22, November 24 to 26, November 28 to 30, December 2 to 4, and December 7 to 9. November 9 to 11 is restricted to archery hunters only and December 7 to 9 is restricted to youth hunters only.
(10) In Arizona, in Zone 2, season dates are November 24 to 26, November 28 to 30, December 2 to 4, December 6 to 8, and December 10 to 12.
(11) In Montana, the possession limit is 2 per season.
Start Amendment Part

8. Section 20.107 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for swans.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Hunting is by State permit only.

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take swans at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS AND DELINEATIONS OF GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS. SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS MAY APPLY ON FEDERAL AND STATE PUBLIC HUNTING AREAS AND FEDERAL INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

Note:

Successful permittees must immediately validate their harvest by that method required in State regulations.

Season datesLimits
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
North CarolinaNov. 10-Jan. 311 tundra swan per permit.
VirginiaNov. 21-Jan. 311 tundra swan per permit.
CENTRAL FLYWAY (1)
MontanaSept. 29-Jan. 31 tundra swan per permit.
North DakotaSept. 29-Dec. 301 tundra swan per permit.
South DakotaSept. 29-Jan. 111 tundra swan per permit.
PACIFIC FLYWAY (1)
Montana (2)Oct. 6-Dec. 11 swan per season.
Nevada (3)(4)Oct. 6-Jan. 62 swans per season.
Utah (4)(5)Oct. 6-Dec. 91 swan per season.
(1) See State regulations for description of area open to swan hunting.
(2) In Montana, all harvested swans must be reported by way of a bill measurement card within 3 days of harvest.
(3) In Nevada, all harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 3 days of harvest.
(4) Harvests of trumpeter swans are limited to 5 in Nevada and 10 in Utah. When it has been determined that the quota of trumpeter swans allotted to Nevada and Utah have been filled, the season for taking of any swan species in the respective State will be closed by either the Director upon giving public notice through local information media at least 48 hours in advance of the time and date of closing, or by the State through State regulations with such notice and time (not less than 48 hours) as they deem necessary.
(5) In Utah, all harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 3 days of harvest.
Start Amendment Part

9. Section 20.109 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Extended seasons, limits, and hours for taking migratory game birds by falconry.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the June 4, 2018, Federal Register (83 FR 25738).

CHECK STATE REGULATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS AND DELINEATIONS OF GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS. SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS MAY APPLY ON FEDERAL AND STATE PUBLIC HUNTING AREAS AND FEDERAL INDIAN RESERVATIONS.

Limits: The daily bag limit may include no more than 3 migratory game birds, singly or in the aggregate. The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit. These limits apply to falconry during both regular hunting seasons and extended falconry seasons, unless further restricted by State regulations. The falconry bag and possession limits are not in addition to regular season limits. Unless otherwise specified, extended falconry for ducks does not include sea ducks within the special sea duck areas.

Although many States permit falconry during the gun seasons, only extended falconry seasons are shown below. Please consult State regulations for details.

Start Printed Page 40426
Extended falconry dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware:
DovesFeb. 1-Feb. 20.
RailsNov. 22-Jan. 3.
WoodcockOct. 1-Nov. 3 & Feb. 1-Mar. 9.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsJan. 27-Mar. 2.
BrantNov. 19-Dec. 1 & Jan. 27-Mar. 8.
Florida:
DovesJan. 16-Feb. 1.
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
WoodcockNov. 24-Dec. 17 & Feb. 1-Mar. 10.
Common moorhensNov. 10-Dec. 14.
Ducks, mergansers, light geese, and cootsNov. 3-Nov. 12 & Feb. 4-Mar. 1.
Maine:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots (1):
North ZoneDec. 22-Feb. 12.
South & Coastal ZonesJan. 7-Feb. 27.
Maryland:
DovesJan. 14-Jan. 31.
RailsNov. 22-Dec. 26.
WoodcockOct. 1-Oct. 26 & Feb. 4-Mar. 10.
DucksJan. 30-Mar. 10.
BrantFeb. 1-Mar. 10.
Light GeeseFeb. 26-Mar. 10.
Massachusetts:
Ducks, mergansers, sea ducks, and cootsJan. 11-Feb. 8.
New Hampshire:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Northern ZoneDec. 1-Jan. 14.
Inland ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 20 & Dec. 17-Jan. 14.
Coastal ZoneJan. 25-Mar. 10.
New Jersey:
Woodcock:
North ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 19 & Dec. 3-Jan. 16.
South ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 9 & Dec. 5-Dec. 12 & Jan. 2-Jan. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and brant:
North ZoneJan. 16-Mar. 9.
South ZoneJan. 18-Mar. 9.
Coastal ZoneJan. 27-Mar. 9.
New York:
Ducks, mergansers and coots:
Long Island ZoneNov. 1-Nov. 21 & Nov. 23-Nov. 30 & Jan. 28-Feb. 13.
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 5 & Oct. 29-Nov. 2 & Dec. 10-Jan. 13.
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 5 & Oct. 15-Nov. 9 & Dec. 31-Jan. 13.
Western ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 26 & Dec. 9-Dec. 25.
North Carolina:
DovesOct. 13-Oct. 27.
Rails, moorhens, and gallinulesDec. 1-Jan. 5.
WoodcockNov. 3-Dec. 1 & Feb. 1-Feb. 28.
Ducks, mergansers and cootsOct. 23-Nov. 3 & Jan. 28-Feb. 16.
Pennsylvania:
DovesNov. 26-Dec. 14.
RailsNov. 22-Jan. 3.
Woodcock and snipeSept. 1-Oct. 12 & Nov. 26-Dec. 8 & Dec. 19-Jan. 3.
Moorhens and gallinulesNov. 22-Jan. 1.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneNov. 19-Dec. 17 & Feb. 15-Mar. 9.
South ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 19 & Feb. 15-Mar. 9.
Northwest ZoneDec. 10-Dec. 22 & Jan. 30-Mar. 9.
Lake Erie ZoneJan. 17-Mar. 9.
Canada Geese:
SJBP ZoneMar. 1-Mar. 9.
AP ZoneFeb. 1-Mar. 9.
RP ZoneMar. 5-Mar. 9.
South Carolina:
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsOct. 31-Nov. 16 & Nov. 25-Dec. 7.
Virginia:
DovesJan. 15-Jan. 31.
WoodcockOct. 17-Oct. 26 & Nov. 3-Dec. 7 & Jan. 15-Jan. 31.
Rails, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 17-Dec. 23.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsDec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 28-Feb. 15.
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneDec. 15-Dec. 20 & Jan. 28-Feb. 20.
Western (SJBP) ZoneDec. 15-Dec. 17 & Feb. 16-Feb. 20.
BrantOct. 17-Nov. 20 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY:
Arkansas:
Start Printed Page 40427
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois:
DovesNov. 15-Dec. 1.
RailsSept. 1-Sept. 7 & Nov. 17-Dec. 16.
WoodcockSept. 1-Oct. 19 & Dec. 4-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 10-Mar. 10.
Indiana:
DovesOct. 15-Oct. 31.
WoodcockSept. 20-Oct. 14 & Nov. 29-Jan. 4.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneSept. 27-Sept. 30 & Feb. 14-Mar. 10.
Central ZoneOct. 20-Oct. 26 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
South ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 2 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Iowa:
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsJan. 5-Feb. 2.
Kentucky:
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 26-Dec. 2 & Jan. 28-Feb. 15.
Louisiana:
DovesSept. 15-Oct. 1.
WoodcockNov. 2-Dec. 17.
Rails and moorhens:
West ZoneNov. 2-Nov. 9 & Jan. 3-Jan. 31.
East ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Jan. 3-Jan. 31.
Coastal ZoneNov. 2-Nov. 9 & Jan. 3-Jan. 31.
Ducks:
West ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 21-Jan. 31.
East ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 16 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 28-Jan. 31.
Coastal ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 21-Jan. 31.
Michigan:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhensDec. 31-Jan. 12 & Feb. 23-Mar. 10.
Minnesota:
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Nov. 6-Dec. 16.
Rails and snipeNov. 6-Dec. 16.
DovesNov. 30-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesDec. 15-Jan. 29.
Mississippi:
DovesNov. 14-Nov. 30.
Ducks, mergansers and cootsFeb. 3-Mar. 3.
Missouri:
DovesNov. 30-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Feb. 10-Mar. 10.
Tennessee:
DovesSept. 29-Sept. 30 & Jan. 16-Jan. 30.
Rails, moorhens, and gallinulesNov. 10-Dec. 14.
WoodcockDec. 25-Feb. 15.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 26-Nov. 30 & Jan. 28-Feb. 24.
Wisconsin:
Rails, snipe, moorhens, and gallinules:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 28 & Nov. 28-Dec. 16.
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 28 & Oct. 8-Oct. 12 & Dec. 3-Dec. 16.
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 28 & Oct. 6-Oct. 12 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16.
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Nov. 6-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15-Sept. 16 & Jan. 11-Feb. 17.
CENTRAL FLYWAY:
Kansas:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsFeb. 24-Mar. 10.
Montana (2):
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 19-Sept. 28.
Nebraska:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Zone 1Feb. 25-Mar. 10.
Zone 2Feb. 25-Mar. 10.
Zone 3Feb. 25-Mar. 10.
Zone 4Feb. 25-Mar. 10.
New Mexico:
Doves
North ZoneNov. 30-Dec. 4 & Dec. 22-Jan. 2.
South ZoneOct. 29-Nov. 5 & Nov. 22-Nov. 30.
Ducks and cootsSept. 15-Sept. 23.
Sandhill cranes (3)
Regular Season AreaOct. 13-Oct. 26.
Estancia Valley AreaNov. 5-Dec. 25.
Common moorhensNov. 24-Dec. 30.
Sora and Virginia railsNov. 24-Dec. 30.
North Dakota:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and snipeSept. 3-Sept. 7 & Sept. 10-Sept. 14.
Oklahoma:
Start Printed Page 40428
DovesFeb. 22-Mar. 10.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsFeb. 18-Mar. 4.
Gallinules and railsFeb. 2-Mar. 10.
WoodcockDec. 15-Feb. 14.
Sandhill cranesJan. 21-Feb. 3.
South Dakota:
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
High PlainsSept. 1-Sept. 8.
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 28 & Dec. 12-Dec. 16.
Middle ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 28 & Dec. 12-Dec. 16.
South ZoneOct. 5-Oct. 26 & Jan. 2-Jan. 10.
Texas:
DovesNov. 17-Dec. 3.
Rails, gallinules, and woodcockJan. 28-Feb. 11.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsJan. 28-Feb. 11.
Wyoming:
DovesNov. 30-Dec. 16.
RailsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
Zone C1Sept. 22-Sept. 23 & Oct. 17-Oct. 24.
Zone C2 & C3Sept. 15-Sept. 21 & Dec. 3-Dec. 5.
PACIFIC FLYWAY:
Arizona:
DovesSept. 16-Nov. 1.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
North ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 4.
South ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
California:
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhens:
Colorado River ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
Southern ZoneJan. 28-Feb. 1.
Southern San Joaquin Valley ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 30.
Geese:
Southern Zone (4)Jan. 28-Feb. 1.
New Mexico
Doves:
North ZoneNov. 30-Dec. 4 & Dec. 22-Jan. 2.
South ZoneOct. 29-Nov. 5 & Nov. 22-Nov. 30.
Oregon
DovesOct. 31-Dec. 16.
Band-tailed pigeons (5)Sept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 24-Dec. 16.
Utah:
DovesOct. 31-Dec. 16.
Band-tailed pigeonsSept. 15-Dec. 16.
Washington:
DovesOct. 31-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and dark geese:
East ZoneSept. 29-Sept. 30.
West ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 23.
Wyoming:
DovesNov. 30-Dec. 16.
Sora and Virginia railsNov. 10-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15-Sept. 16.
(1) In Maine, the daily bag and possession limits for black ducks are 1 and 3, respectively.
(2) In Montana, the bag limit is 2 and the possession limit is 6.
(3) In New Mexico, the bag limit for sandhill cranes is 3 per day and the possession limit is 6 per season.
(4) In California, in the Imperial County Special Management Area, there is no extended falconry season.
(5) In Oregon, no more than 1 pigeon daily in bag or possession.
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2018-17321 Filed 8-13-18; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4333-15-P