Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
Notification of public hearing; request for comments.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or the Agency) is announcing a public hearing to discuss its efforts to eliminate youth electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use as well as other tobacco product use, with a focus on the potential role of drug therapies to support youth e-cigarette cessation and the issues impacting the development of such therapies.
The public hearing will be held on December 5, 2018, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The public hearing may be extended or may end early depending on the level of public participation. Persons seeking to present at the public hearing must register by Friday, November 23, 2018. Persons seeking to attend, but not present at, the public hearing must register by Monday, December 3, 2018. Section II provides attendance and registration information. Electronic or written comments will be accepted after the public hearing until Wednesday, January 2, 2019.
The public hearing will be held at the FDA White Oak Campus, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Building 31 Conference Center, the Great Room A, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Entrance for public hearing participants (non-FDA employees) is through Building 1, where routine security check procedures will be performed. For parking and security information, please refer to https://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WorkingatFDA/BuildingsandFacilities/WhiteOakCampusInformation/ucm241740.htm.
You may submit comments as follows. Please note that late, untimely filed comments will not be considered. Electronic comments must be submitted on or before Wednesday, January 2, 2019. The https://www.regulations.gov electronic filing system will accept comments until 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time at the end of Wednesday, January 2, 2019. Comments received by mail/hand delivery/courier (for written/paper submissions) will be considered timely if they are postmarked or the delivery service acceptance receipt is on or before that date. You may submit comments as follows:
Submit electronic comments in the following way:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Comments submitted electronically, including attachments, to https://www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your comment will be made public, you are solely responsible for ensuring that your comment does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else's Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your comments, that information will be posted on https://www.regulations.gov.
- If you want to submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the comment as a written/paper submission and in the Start Printed Page 55319manner detailed (see “Written/Paper Submissions” and “Instructions”).
Submit written/paper submissions as follows:
Mail/Hand delivery/Courier (for written/paper submissions): Dockets Management Staff (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
- For written/paper comments submitted to the Dockets Management Staff, FDA will post your comment, as well as any attachments, except for information submitted, marked, and identified as confidential if submitted as detailed in “Instructions.”
Instructions: All submissions received must include the Docket No. FDA-2018-N-3952 for “Eliminating Youth Electronic Cigarette and Other Tobacco Product Use: The Role for Drug Therapies; Public Hearing; Request for Comments.” Received comments will be placed in the docket and, except for those submitted as “Confidential Submissions,” publicly viewable at https://www.regulations.gov or at the Dockets Management Staff between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
- Confidential Submissions—To submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made publicly available, submit your comments only as a written/paper submission. You should submit two copies total. One copy will include the information you claim to be confidential with a heading or cover note that states “THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.” The Agency will review this copy, including the claimed confidential information, in its consideration of comments. The second copy, which will have the claimed confidential information redacted/blacked out, will be available for public viewing and posted on https://www.regulations.gov. Submit both copies to the Dockets Management Staff. If you do not wish your name and contact information to be made publicly available, you can provide this information on the cover sheet and not in the body of your comments and you must identify this information as “confidential.” Any information marked as “confidential” will not be disclosed except in accordance with 21 CFR 10.20 and other applicable disclosure law. For more information about FDA's posting of comments to public dockets, see 80 FR 56469, September 18, 2015, or access the information at: https://www.fda.gov/regulatoryinformation/dockets/default.htm.
Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or the received electronic and written/paper comments, go to https://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Dockets Management Staff, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Theresa Wells, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 1, Rm. 1202, Silver Spring, MD 20993, 703-380-3900, Theresa.email@example.com.
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Nearly all tobacco product use begins during youth and young adulthood (Ref. 1). While the current use of any tobacco product among U.S. middle and high school students has decreased from 2011-2017, there has been an alarming increase in e-cigarette use over this time. In fact, since 2014, e-cigarettes 
have been the most commonly used tobacco products among youth, used by 1.73 million (11.7 percent) high school students and 390,000 (3.3 percent) middle school students in 2017 (Ref. 2). Youth e-cigarette use raises a number of health concerns including risk of addiction to nicotine early on in life, potential harm to the developing adolescent brain, and exposure to chemicals including carbonyl compounds and volatile organic compounds known to have adverse health effects; the full range of possible health effects is not yet completely understood (Ref. 3).
On April 24, 2018, FDA announced its Youth Tobacco Prevention Plan. This plan focuses on three key strategies: Prevention of youth access to tobacco products, curbing the marketing of tobacco products aimed at youth, and educating teens about the dangers of using any tobacco products.
FDA recently launched an expansion of its “The Real Cost” campaign to educate youth on the dangers of e-cigarette use 
and increased enforcement actions to address this critically important public health concern.
In addition to the prevention of initiation, which will be the cornerstone of any successful effort to curb youth e-cigarette use, FDA is also exploring additional approaches to address youth e-cigarette use. One such approach may be the development of drug therapies, as part of multimodal treatment strategies, including behavioral interventions, to support tobacco product cessation. To date, research on youth tobacco product cessation has been limited and focused on smoking (i.e., combustible products) cessation. One recent review found a paucity of data on either behavioral or drug therapies for smoking cessation in young people (age less than 20 years) and concluded that “there continues to be a need for well-designed, adequately powered, randomized controlled trials of interventions for this population of smokers” (Ref. 4). FDA is not aware of any research examining either drug or behavioral interventions for the cessation of youth or adult e-cigarette use. In contrast, there is a large body of research on adult smoking cessation, and multiple drugs for smoking cessation are approved for the adult population, including a variety of prescription and over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products, as well as the prescription drugs varenicline and bupropion hydrochloride sustained release (see Appendix A).
II. Purpose and Scope of the Public Hearing
FDA is holding a public hearing to obtain the public's perspectives on the potential role drug therapies may play in the broader effort to eliminate youth e-cigarette and other tobacco product use, as well as the appropriate methods and study designs for evaluating youth e-cigarette cessation therapies and the safety and efficacy of such therapies. The Agency has determined that a public hearing is the most appropriate way to ensure public engagement on this issue, which is of great importance to the public health. FDA believes it is critical to obtain input across the medical and research fields, the pharmaceutical and tobacco industries, and among public health stakeholders (including adolescents) regarding approaches to eliminate youth e-cigarette and other tobacco product use, including exploring whether there is a need for drug therapies to support youth e-cigarette cessation, and if so, how FDA Start Printed Page 55320can support the development of such therapies.
Questions for Commenters To Address
Considering the broad range of activities focused on this public health issue, FDA is interested in the public's view on approaches to eliminating e-cigarette and other tobacco product use among youth. Although FDA welcomes all feedback on any public health, scientific, regulatory or legal considerations relating to this topic, we particularly encourage commenters to consider the following questions as they prepare their comments or statements. Responses to questions should include supporting scientific justification.
1. FDA notes that the factors driving e-cigarette use among youth likely differ from those in the adult population. How might such differences impact the need for, or use of, drug therapies for e-cigarette cessation among youth?
2. FDA is interested in whether there is a population of youth e-cigarette users who would be likely to benefit from the use of drug therapies for e-cigarette cessation. What age groups (older adolescent vs. younger adolescent), patterns in tobacco use (duration and frequency of use), and clinical features (level of addiction, presence/absence of comorbidities including psychiatric disease) might characterize this population? What types of products (NRT vs. non-NRT; prescription vs. over-the-counter) might be useful?
3. Describe the scientific, clinical, and societal factors that could either encourage or impede the conduct of clinical trials designed to evaluate drugs intended for youth e-cigarette cessation. What approaches could be used to encourage research and overcome barriers to research?
4. What methods and study designs are appropriate for assessing drug therapies for youth e-cigarette cessation? What are the appropriate control groups? What are the most informative endpoints and the best assessment tools to evaluate these endpoints?
5. Acknowledging that to date research has been limited, are there data available from the adult experience with smoking cessation that could potentially be leveraged in the effort to develop drug therapies for youth e-cigarette cessation? Have any drug therapies demonstrated potential to help adults discontinue e-cigarette use? Are there differences between adolescents and adults that impact the ability to extrapolate efficacy findings from the adult population to the adolescent population? Could existing NRT products be useful for youth e-cigarette cessation?
6. While this hearing is focused on the topic of e-cigarette use among youth, as e-cigarettes are currently the most commonly used form of tobacco in this population, FDA also welcomes comments regarding the potential need for drug therapies to support cessation of other tobacco products, including combustible products (i.e., cigarettes or cigars) and smokeless tobacco products, among youth and the issues impacting the development of such therapies.
Registration and Requests for Oral Presentations: The FDA Conference Center at the White Oak location is a Federal facility with security procedures and limited seating. Attendance will be free and on a first-come, first-served basis. For those interested in presenting at the meeting, either with a formal oral presentation or as a speaker in the open public hearing session, please register by Friday, November 23, 2018, at https://www.eventbrite.com/e/fda-pediatric-tobacco-cessation-part-15-public-hearing-tickets-50167147288. If you wish to attend either in person or by Webcast (see Streaming Webcast of the Public Hearing), please register for the hearing by Monday December 3, 2018, at https://www.eventbrite.com/e/fda-pediatric-tobacco-cessation-part-15-public-hearing-tickets-50167147288. Those without internet or email access can register and/or request to participate as an open public hearing speaker or a formal presenter by contacting Theresa Wells by the above dates (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT).
FDA will try to accommodate all persons who wish to make a presentation. Formal oral presenters may use an accompanying slide deck, while those participating in the Open Public Hearing will have less allotted time than formal oral presenters and will deliver oral testimony only (no accompanying slide deck). Individuals wishing to present should identify the number of the specific question, or questions, they wish to address. This will help FDA organize the presentations. Individuals and organizations with common interests should consolidate or coordinate their presentations and request time for a joint presentation. Individual organizations are limited to a single presentation slot. FDA will notify registered presenters of their scheduled presentation times. The time allotted for each presentation will depend on the number of individuals who wish to speak. Registered presenters making a formal oral presentation are encouraged to submit an electronic copy of their presentation (PowerPoint or PDF) to OMPTFeedback@fda.hhs.gov with the subject line “Eliminating Youth Electronic Cigarette and Other Tobacco Product Use: The Role for Drug Therapies” on or before Wednesday, November 28, 2018. Persons registered to present are encouraged to arrive at the hearing room early and check in at the onsite registration table to confirm their designated presentation time. Actual presentation times, however, may vary based on how the meeting progresses in real-time. An agenda for the hearing and any other background materials will be made available 5 days before the hearing at https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/MeetingsConferencesWorkshops/ucm620744.htm.
If you need special accommodations because of a disability, please contact Theresa Wells (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT) at least 7 days before the hearing.
Streaming Webcast of the Public Hearing: For those unable to attend in person, FDA will provide a live Webcast of the hearing. To join the hearing via the Webcast, please go to https://collaboration.fda.gov/ptc120518.
Transcripts: Please be advised that as soon as a transcript is available, it will be accessible at http://www.regulations.gov. It may be viewed at the Dockets Management Staff (see Comments). A transcript will also be available in either hard copy or on CD-ROM, after submission of a Freedom of Information request. The Freedom of Information office address is available on the Agency's website at https://www.fda.gov.
III. Notice of Hearing Under 21 CFR Part 15
The Commissioner of Food and Drugs is announcing that the public hearing will be held in accordance with 21 CFR part 15. The hearing will be conducted by a presiding officer, who will be accompanied by FDA senior management from the Office of the Commissioner, the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, and the Center for Tobacco Products. Under § 15.30(f), the hearing is informal and the rules of evidence do not apply. No participant may interrupt the presentation of another participant. Only the presiding officer and panel members can pose questions; they can question any person during or at the conclusion of each presentation. Public hearings under part 15 are subject to FDA's policy and procedures for electronic media coverage of FDA's public administrative proceedings (21 CFR part 10, subpart C). Under § 10.205, representatives of the media may be permitted, subject to certain limitations, to videotape, film, or otherwise record FDA's public Start Printed Page 55321administrative proceedings, including presentations by participants. The hearing will be transcribed as stipulated in § 15.30(b) (see Transcripts). To the extent that the conditions for the hearing, as described in this notice, conflict with any provisions set out in part 15, this notice acts as a waiver of those provisions as specified in § 15.30(h).
The following references marked with an asterisk (*) are on display at the Dockets Management Staff and are available for viewing by interested persons between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday; they also are available electronically at https://www.regulations.gov. References without asterisks are not on public display at https://www.regulations.gov because they have copyright restriction. Some may be available at the website address, if listed. References without asterisks are available for viewing only at the Dockets Management Staff. FDA has verified the website addresses, as of the date this document publishes in the Federal Register, but websites are subject to change over time.
1.* U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2014). “The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General.” Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health available at: https://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/index.html.
2.* Wang T.W., A. Gentzke, S. Sharapova, et al. (2018). “Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School Students—United States, 2011-2017.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 67:629-633, available at https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6722a3.htm).
3.* U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2016). “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General.” Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health available at: https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/2016_sgr_full_report_non-508.pdf.
4. Fanshawe T.R., W. Halliwell, N. Lindson, et al. (2017). “Tobacco Cessation Interventions for Young People.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Rev.11:CD003289, available at https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003289.pub6/epdf/full.
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Dated: October 30, 2018.
Associate Commissioner for Policy.
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[FR Doc. 2018-24126 Filed 11-2-18; 8:45 am]
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